Skip to main content

Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

See other formats



3 1833 01723 9788 


Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 






VolumE XLV 

B O S T O N r 



si , j v? 

Publishing Committee. 

















m* / 





JANUARY, 1691. 

By the Hon. Francis J. Pi.KKr.ii, of Boston, Mass. 

THE ancestor of all New-England families of the name was Daniel' 
Rindge, who was in Roxbury as early as 1639, and who was a 
resident of Ipswich in 1648, He married Mary Kinsman, trie 
daughter of Robert Kinsman, by whom he had three sons and three 
daughters. Daniel Rindge died in February, 1661. 

His son Roger" was born June 19, 1657, and married, June 9, 
1684, Sarah Shatswell, daughter of Richard and Rebecca (Tuttle) 
Shatsweli, and granddaughter of John and Joanna Shatswell, who 
were in Ipswich in 1633. 

Roger Rindge's son Daniel 3 married 1st, March 22, 1711—12, 
Sarah Knowlton, who died April 4, 1714; and 2d, Martha (Cald- 
well) Ayres, widow of Stephen Ayres. Daniel 3 Rindge was killed 
by Indians July, 1724, and in 1726 his widow Martha Rindge 
marriec John Wood. 

Daniel 1 Rindge, the son of Daniel 3 and grandson of Roger, was 
born Jan. 26, 1721, and died Aug. 9, 1800. In January, 1745, 
he married Mary Kimball, who was born Nov. 15, 1724, and who 
died probably in November, 1801. 

John 5 Rindge, son of Daniel/ was born Sept. 25, 1759 ; May 18, 
1786, he married Sarah Baker (born Dec. 29, 1766 ; died Oct. 17, 
1824, at Ipswich). John 5 Rindge died Oct. 18, 1801, at Ipswich. 
Samuel 6 Rindge, the son of John, 5 was born at Ipswich, Jan. 29, 
1791 ; married Feb. 17, 1820, Maria (Bradlee) Wait of Medford, 
and died at Cambridge, Mass., July 3, 1858. His wife, born 
1797, died Feb. 1, 1850. 

Samuel Baker 7 Rindge, the son of Samuel and Maria, was born 
at East Cambridge, Dec. 26, 1820; married April 29, 1845, 
Clarissa Harrington, daughter of Nathaniel and Clarissa (Mead) 
Harrington), who was born at Lexington, Dec. 8, 1822. and who 
died Jan. 4, 1885. 
vol. xlv. 2 

4 Samuel Baker Rindge. [Jan. 

Their children were : — Ellen Cleland Rindge, b. July 9, 1846 ; 
d. March 17, 1849. Frank Harrington Rindge, b. April 14, 1850 ; 
d. Jan. 18, 1857. Mary Bradlee Rindge, b. Sept. 18, 1853; d. 
Jan. 19, 1863. Frederick Hastings Rindge, b. Dec. 21, 1857. 
Samuel Harrington Rindge, b. Feb. 6, I860; d. Jan. 16, 1863. 
Edward Harrington Rindge, b. Aug. 3, 1866; d. May 7, 1875. 

It is not in the study of the lives of public men only, that the 
sons of the people are to look for instruction ; but in every life there 
is a lesson, perhaps of warning, perhaps of example, but in any case 
worthy of perusal. Out of many such lives we find proof confirma- 
tory of the rule that every young man has within himself the 
possibility of success. There may be long years, which to the strug- 
gling youth will seem much longer than they are, of slow progress 
or apparently of want of progress, in the chosen or assigned path ; 
but every lad should have it firmly impressed upon his mind that 
steady persistence and quiet perseverance are sure to be rewarded in 
the end. This is one lesson in the life of Samuel Baker Rindire. 

Daniel Rindge, the father of Samuel B., was a hard-working man. 
For twenty-five years he held a position of responsibility in the New 
England Glass Works at Cambridge. Of his moderate income he 
managed usually to reserve something each year, and late in life he 
had some income from a small real property lefc by his brother 
Daniel ; but his oldest son knew that it was to his own exertions 
that he must look to advance himself in wealth and station. 

Equipped with the sound but limited education which was open to 
him in the schools at Cambridge (in one of which he was a school- 
mate of the Hon. William E. Parmenter), supplemented by one 
year's tuition at a school in Salem, at fifteen years of age lie began 
his business life. In 1836 he entered the counting room of Parker 
& Blanchard* in Boston, as the youngest boy. 

The writer still remembers him as he was when he made this start 
in his career. A ruddy cheeked lad, with dark, almost black hair 
of which he cherished two curls, one on each side in front of his 
ears ; with very bright eyes ; exceedingly quick in every movement, 
and very prompt to respond to every call. 

There was a great discrepancy in those days between the duty of 
the youngest boy in sueh a house, and the amount of his pay. His 
first year's salary did not usually exceed fifty dollars, and it was 
increased, possibly by fifty dollars, with each year of service. He 
was expected to obtain the keys in the morning, early enough to be 
in attendance before any one else ; to open the doors and window 
shutters ; to sweep, dust, make the fires and put everything in readi- 
ness for clerks and partners when they presented themselves. 
During the day he was at everybody's beck and call, to run errands, 
to receive or deliver merchandise, often to carry bundles quite out 

* See Memorial Biographies of the New-England Historic Geneaiogieal Societv, vol.iii. 
page 223. 

1891.] Samuel Baker Bindge. 5 

of proportion to his own size, and finally to remain until the last 
rjerson had left the building, and then to close the premises carefully 
and return the key3 to the house of one of the partners. Very 
likely in all this long day's work, he had only one meal, and in 
young Rindge's case, living as he did too far from the place of busi- 
ness to return to dinner, his noon day luncheon was usually made 
from a provision brought from home in the morning. Small as his 
compensation was for several years, it is not probable that in any 
year of his apprenticeship he failed to lay away something for his 
capital. Necessarily economical, he always kept an account of every 
trifling expenditure, a custom to which he adhered long after the 
occasion for such watchfulness had passed away. 

Busy as he was in the performance of his own duties, he yet made 
time to learn the duties of those above him, and he sought every 
opportunity to add something of their employment to his own. So 
that when promotion came he was at once able to assume the desk 
and to do the work of the place awaiting him. Nor was this all. 
He possessed not only the old-time New England thrift, but also 
a large measure of Yankee enterprise. He was a natural trader. 
As a boy he knew the value of the various kinds of jack-knives and 
other objects which boys covet ; and, when his accumulated capital 
came to be reckoned by eagles, he began to adventure in foreign trade. 

In those days there were many vessels, chiefly brigs of 150 to 200 
tons, engaged in trading or under charter to the West Indies or the 
Spanish main ; and, having, or making, the acquaintance of the 
masters of such vessels, vounc; Rind^e would entrust to them little 
invoices of merchandise to be sold on joint account, the proceeds 
being usually returned in produce of the country. Coffee, honey, 
wax and tamarinds were common item3. It is not known that 
his adventures were so peculiar as those made by Lord Timothy 
Dexter of Newburyport ; but, among the last of Rindge's was one 
to California of pop-corn, for which, having the only stock in the 
market, his returns were quite satisfactory. 

In such counting-rooms as that of Parker & Blanchard the usual 


advance of a boy was to a clerk's position, and thence to be the head 
book-keeper and cashier ; and Samuel B. Rindge followed that pro- 
motion. Like himself, however, he managed here also not only to do 
all the work of his own place, but to reach out and grasp additional 
work, and thereby to increase his usefulness and value to his employers. 
At every opportunity he would drop his pen, and hasten to meet 
and wait upon a customer, until his value as a salesman became 
greater than as a book-keeper ; and when at twenty-five years of age 
be became a partner in the firm, he had, by doing work beyond what 
was mere compliance with his duty, become fully acquainted with 
every department of a complicated business, and able to do or to 
direct whatever was to be done. 

To arrive at a partnership in an established business was for a man 

6 Samuel Bahcr Rindge. [Jan. 

so constituted and so educated, a beginning of sure success. There 
were pull-backs at times, losses by panics and depreciation in market 
values, but when Mr. liindge died at sixty-three years of age, his 
property was valued at nearly two millions of dollars, all of which 
may be regarded as the accumulation of one who had entered busi- 
ness at its lowest step, and in the slow lapse of years had, by dint of 
faithful work, attained the highest place. Fidelity, Diligence, Intel- 
ligence and Perseverance were the magicians, who, out of nothing, 
had made so much : for his outside operations from first to last may 
be regarded as his amusement, and it is doubtful whether on the 
whole they resulted in any profit whatever. 

Mr. Rindge cared little or nothing for political position ; except 
for a year or two of service as an Alderman of Cambridge, he never 
held an office , and this he accepted without enthusiasm, and 
relinquished without regret ; yet he was not uninterested or inactive 
in political affairs, but gave a reasonable amount of time to atten- 
dance upon the caucuses and conventions of his party. In many 
places of trust, as director, manager and president of banks and of 
manufacturing and other corporations, his assistance was valued and 
welcomed. Into such duties he threw himself with ardor, for he 
could not be a cipher in any place, and in these and in many cases 
where appeal was made to his friendship or sympathy, he lavished 
time, thought, and care without recompence. 

With all his activity in business he was not absorbed by It. He 
found time for his home and family ; no one ever enjoyed an "out- 
ing" better than he, — his relish of a holiday, whether it was a day in 
the country or a year in Europe, was almost boyish in freshness. 
He had an excellent memory of persons, places, events and things. 
As he walked or rode, he was constantly alert, to see what was 
going on, and he saw everything. Before he was out of his teens 
he showed a tendency to be masterful withtho?e under his direction. 
Under him a boy obtained a good schooling in affairs. It was use- 
less to try to hoodwink him, or to avoid his searching questions. 
Shiftlessness and laziness received no mercy at his hands. He seemed 
to require everybody under his authority to be and do what he had 
been and had done. He was an exacting, but not an unkindly 

Habits of economy, which in his early life he had acquired of 
necessity, were never entirely shaken off, but he was neither miserly 
nor mean. His home was adorned with valuable works of art, his 
summer residence was spacious and costly, his living was generous. 

The sums of money which he lost by over confidence in personal 
or business friends might have been a considerable per-centage added 
to his wealth. 

Although he had warning of the danger, he refused to retire from 
active business, preferring to face all possibilities and to die, if it 
must be so, in the midst of the occupations which had been his 

1891.] Registers of Parishes of Bedfordshire, Eng. 7 

delight from early youth ; and so, after but a day or two of confine- 
ment, in almost the full possession of bodily and mental strength, 
he died, of congestion of the brain, on the third day of May, 1883, 
and was buried in Mount Auburn in the presence of a great con- 
course of his business associates, kinsfolk and friends. 




Made by Frederic A. Blaydes, Esq., Shenstone Lodge, Bedford. 

Communicated by Ewers King, Esq., of Yonkers, N. Y. 

Ampthill — Redborn Stoke. 
1802, Sep* 29, Jhephrie, son of Thomas Wodell 
Ceanfield, Redborn Stoke. 
1602, Feb 24, W m . son of Will* Wodell of Warleyend 
1602, Oct. 10, John, son of Wm. Wodell de Elm 
1602, Ap r 25, Dorothy, dau. of Richard Wodell of the Arke 

1602, Ap r 17, Elizabeth, dan. of Richard Wodell 

1603. Apr. 3, Eiiz th Odle, dan. of Isaace Odell 
1603, Apr. 10, Henry Odle ye son of Thomas Odle 
1603, " 25, Annye Odle, ye dau. of Robte Odle 
1603, Aug. 28, Elizabeth Odle, ye dau. of Abraham Odeli 
1603, Dec. 11, Johan Odle, ye dau. of Wyllm. Odle 
1603, Feb. 28, Henrv Odle ye son of Richard Odle 
1605, Apr. 2, Sara, dau. of Isaac Woddell 

1605, June 2, Richard, sen of WilPm Woddell de Wharleyend 

1605, June 23, Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Woddle 

1605, Oct. 19, Thomas Woddell son of Richard 

1605, Nov. 23, Abraham, son of Abraham Woddell 

1605, Feb. 20, Thomas, son of Willm Woddle 

1607, Jan. 3, Tho. son of Abraham Odle 

1607, Mar. 13, Mary, dau. of William Odle j 

1608, Judith, dau. of Isaac Odle 

1608, 25, Elizabeth, dau. of Wm. Odle 

1608 28, Clement, dau. of Wm Odle 

1609, Dec. 17, Richard, son of Thomas Wodeil 

1609, Jam 28, Alee, dau. of Inocent Wodell 

1610, Mar. 25, Agnes, dau. of Abr. Odell 

1610, Mar. 10, Robert, son of Wm. Odell 

1611, Aug. 4, Isaac, son of Isaac Woodell 
1611, Oct. 12, Elizt h . dau. of Rich d Woodell 
1611, Oct. 21, Mary, dau. of Abraham Woodell 
1611, Dec. 6, Rich d son of William Woodeli 

vol. xlv. 2* 

S Registers of Parishes of Bedfordshire) Eng* [Jan, 

1612, July 12, Agnes, dau. of Thorn. Odell 
1612, Jan. 17, John, son of Innocent Wodell 
1612, Jan. 24, Isaac, son of Abraham Wodell 
1612, Feb. 14, Susan, dau. of Win. Wodell 

1612, Feb. 28, Sara, dan. of Ric. Wodell 

1613, Aug. 22, Margaret, dau. of Isaac Wodell 

1614, Jan. 8, Frances, dau. of Richard Wodell 

1615, Apr. 2, Marie, dau. of Tho 9 . Odell 
1617, Apr. 6, Thomas, som of Tho 8 . Odell 
1617, Jan. 6, William, son of Wm Wooddell 
1620, Aug. 27, Sarah, dau. of Thos. Odell 

1620, Oct. 15, Sarah, dau. of Thos. Odell 

1621, Feb. 10, William, son of Inocent Odell 

1622, Jan. 7, John, son of Thomas Odell 

1623, Feb. 15, Thos., son of Thorn Odell 

1624, Mch. 20, Thomas, son of Thos. Wodell 

1610, Nov. 29, Richard Wodell and Alee Mason. 
1620, May 18, Geo. Barret and Joaue Odell 

1620, Nov. 30, John Carter and Grace Odell 

1621, Nov. 26, William Amies and Agnes Gdel) 
1621, Jan. 24, John Steen and Joane Odell 

1603, Ap. 28, Henry Odle son of Thomas 
1605, Aug. 7, Sara, dau. of Isaack Woddell 

1609, Sep. 6, Thomas, son of John Wodell 

1610, May 5, Ann is, dau. of Wm. Odell 

1611, Nov. 3, Mary, dau. of Abraham 

1612, Mar. 30, John Wodell 

1613, Mar. 10, Susanna, dau. of Wm. Wodell 
1615, June 22, William Odle of Worley 
1615, Aug. 13, Agnes Odle, widow 

1615, Oct. 24, Elizabeth Odle 

1616, Jan. 18, Richard Wodell 

1617, Apr. 10, Joane Woddel, wife of Richard 

1617, Apr. 25, Richard Woddel, de esche 

1618, Sep. 5, Alee, wife of John Odill 

1618, Sep. 23, Thomas Odle 

1619, Apr. 2, John Odell 
1621, Nov. 8, William Odell 

1624, Nov. 18, William Wodell 

1625, Sep. 21, John Woddell 

1625, Jan. 25, Thos. son oi Thos. Woddell 

Makston-Moretaine — Redborn Stoke 
1602, Sep. 19. Marv, dau. of W m Odell 

1602, June 6, Elizt h . dau. of Tho s . Odell 

1603, May 25, Thomas, son of Roberte Odell 
1603, June 13, John, son of John Odell 

1891.] Registers, of Parishes of Bedfordshire, Eng. 

1604, July 22, Rob*., son of Rob* Odell 

1606, March 1, John, son of William Odell 

1607, July 20, Gilbert, son of Robert Odell 

1610, Apr. 17, Johan, dau. of Robert Odell 

1611, Jan. 2, Marg*., dau. of John Odell 
1611, Sep. 29, Richard, son of Willm. Odell 

1614, Sep. 4, Ricus, fil. Robti Odell 

1615, Ap r . 11, Richard, son of John Odell 

1616, Jan. 1, Richard, son of Stephen Odell 

1618, Dec. 20, Sarah, dau. of John Odell 

1619, May 2, Tho s . son of Stephen Odell 

1621, July 22, John, son of John Odle 

1622, Dec. 25, Ann, dau. of John Odle 
1624, June 20, William, son of Stephen Odell 
1624, Sep. 26, William, son of John Odell, Sen r . 
1624, Jan. 1, Tho., son of John Odell 


1604, Nov. 30, Richarde Odell and Judeth Persevall 
1607, Nov. 23, John Odell and Katherine Neale 
1611, Feb. 20, Stephen Odell and Joane Basterfield 

1618, Ap r . 19, John Odell and Elizt h Cooper 

1619, Oct. 11, John Asseldon and Agnis Odell 

1620, Oct. 23, John Odell and Suzan Stanbridge 

1622, Oct. 22, John Odell m. Em. Dobes. 

1624, Apr. 9, John Taylor and Elizth Odell 


1603, May 25, Thomas, son of Robert Odell 
1607, Au2- 7, Asnes, wife of John Odell 
1611, July 13, Marie, dau. of William Odell 

1615, Sep. 11, John Odell 

1616, Feb. 22, Katheryn wife of John Odell 

1617, Feb. 23, Joane Odell, widdow 

16: 8, May 24, Margaret, wife of Robert Odell 
16i8, Dec. 23, Sarah, dau. of John Odell 
1620, Mch. 7, William Odell 

1620, " 16, Richardson of John Odell 

1621, Sop. 23, Mary Odle 

1621, Dec. 25, Agnes, wife of Tho 8 . Odle 

1622, May 12, Elizabeth, wife of John Odell, Sen 1 

1625, June 26, Johannes fil Joins Odell 
1625, Feb. 12, Stephanus Odell 



1604, Feb. 24, Robert, son of John Odill 

1620, Nov. 2, Thomas Odell and Em. RadweU 


1605, Oct. 20, John Odell his wife was bar 


10 Registers of Parishes of Bedfordshire, Eng* [Jan. 


1605, Nov. 10, Marie dan. of John (Mill 

1607, Mar. 29, John, son of John Odell 

1610, June 3, Richard son of John Odell 

1611, Jan. 26, Edward, son of John Odell 
1613, May 9, Elizabeth dau. of John Odell 
1616, July 21, Johan, dau. of John Odell 
1619, Oct. 3, Joane, dau. of John Odell 

1603, Dec. 5, John Odill and Johane Bingley 
1611, Dec. 2, Jeremie Pearce and Mary Odell of Cranfield 

1611, Mar. 31, Richard Odell 
•1618, Apr. 30, Johan, dau. of John Odell 
1621, July 1, Agnes Odle, widow 



1606, Mar. 1, George, son of George Odell. 



1608, Nov. 4, Ellena, fdia Thomas Odell 


1609, Feb. 23, Thomas, films Thomas Odell 

1616, Jan. 11, Elizth. Odell 

1617, Jan. 30, Thomas Odell 


1617, Feb. 27, George, son of Thomas Odell 
1619, Jan 23, Alice, dau. of Thomas Odell 

1614, Nov. 10, Thomas Wodell and Eliz* Collope 

1619, Feb. 3, Alice Odell 

1614, Nov. 6, Richard, son of John Odell 
1616, May 26, Maria, filia Joins Odell 
1619, Nov. 25, John, son of John Odell 
1621, May — , Thos., son of Tho. Odell 
1623, Oct. 25, Hellenor, dau. of John Odell 
1625, Dec. 7, Grace, dau. of Tho. Odell 

1891.] Registers of Parishes of Bedfordshire, Eng. 11 


1617, May 25, Maria, dau. of John Odell 


1619, Sep. 13, Johes Odell and Rebecca Whisson 


1618, June 24, Anna, ux Johis Odeli 

1622, Oct. 6, William, son of William and Frances Woodell 

1624, Mar 20, Thomas, son of William and Frances Odell 

1617, Feb. 5, W m Woodell and Francis Brinkloe 


1625, Mar 26, Thos., inf. son of W m and Frances Odell 

Hulcot, Baptism 
1617, Aug. 17, John, son cf Hloh. Odell 


1621, Nov. 1, Thomas West, of Soulbury, Com. Bucks and Susan Odell 


1620, July 2, Anne dau. Richard Odell 

1624, June 7, Jane, wife of Richard Odle 


162- , Oct. 18, Richard Odell and Katherine Cranfield 
1611/, Jan 28, Peter Lord and Dorathy Odell 


1620, Jan. 14, Robert, son of Thomas Odell 

1622, Apr. 7, Elizabeth dau. of Thomas Odell 

1625, Jan. 1 Marie dau of Tho. Odell 

Husborn Crawley. 

1620, July 10, John Odell and Elizabeth Turney 


1621, Oct 21, Elizabeth, dau. of John Odell 

1621, Oct. 26, Elizabeth, dau. of John Odell 

12 Marriages in East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass, [Jan. 

1623, Aug. 11, John and Elizabeth children of Thomas Barker and 

Elizabeth Odell his wife 
1625, Sep. 11, Alice dan. of John Odell and Agnes Hill 
1625, Jan 8, John Son of John Odell and Ann Hill 


1623, Aug. 11, Elizabeth Odell, wife of Thomas Barker 



1624, Oct. 7. George Odell and Jane Smith 

1624, Nov. 25 Henry Odell and Elizabeth Godfrey 

1624, July 2, Isabell wife of Henry Odell 
1624, Dec 26, Henry Odle 
1624, Jan. 30 Elizabeth wife of Henry Odell 



1624, Jan. 17 John Odle and Marie Hill 

Baptism and Burial 

1625, Sep. 25, Richard, son of Richard Odle and bur. Oct. 3 

1625, July 27, Joane wife of Edward Odell 


From March 4, 1725, to August 3, 1803, 

By the Rev. John Angler* (settled 1724, died April 14, 1787), and the Rev. Samuel 
Angler, f his son and colleague (settled 1767, died Jan. 18, 1805). 

Communicated by the Rev. HErray F. Jevks, A.M.. of Canton. Mass., from the original 

manuscript in the possession of Miss Mary H. Rust, of East Bridgcwater, 

great-great-grand-daughter of the Rev. John Angier. 

March 4th 1725 — I marry'd Samuel Beale and Mary Bassett. 

June 30th 1725 — I marry'd Mr. Theodosius Moore, and Mrs. Sarah Pryer. 

Janry 5th 1725-6 — I marry'd Daniel Johnson and Betty Lathum. 

* Rev. John Angier vr&s bom in Watertown, July 1, 1701, graduated Harvard College 
1720, married Nov. 23, 17.32, Mary, daughter of Ezra Bourne of Sandwich. 

f Rev. Samuel Angier was 'jorn March 20, 1743, graduated Harvard College 1763, 
married 1796, Judith, daughter of Rev. Joshua Smith of "Pembroke. 

1891.] Marriages in East Parish , Bridgewater, Mass. 13 

Novembr 29th 1726 — I marry'd Henry Kingman junr. and Mary Allen. 

Janry. 17th 1726-7—1 marry'd Deacon Recompense Cary and Sarah 

Novemr. 1 1727---I marry'd John Thomas of Pembroke and Mary Cowet 
of Bridgewafcer, both Indians. 

Novemr. 22d 1727 — I marry'd Thomas Whitman and Jemima Alden, and 
at the same time 

I marry'd John Alden and Hannah Kingman. 

May loth 1728 — I marry'd Isaac Hay ward and the widow Martha Per- 

Octobr. 15th 1729 — I marry'd Christopher Askins and Susanna Robinson. 

Note.— C. Erskin from Ireland m. S., dau. of Gain Robinson, 1729. — See 
Mitchell's Hist, of Biidgewater. 

Novembr. 10th 1729 — I marry'd John Whitman and Elizabeth Cary. 
Novembr. loth 1729 — I marry'd Caleb Brand and Damaris James both 

Decemr. 31st 1729 — I marry'd Samuel Pratt and Bethiah Byram. 
Jany. 1st 1729 — I marry'd Benjamin Allen and Mehitabel Cary. 
Jany. 23 1729 — I marry'd Zechariah Whitmarsh of Weymouth and Hannah 


Note. — 1729 in the last two entries should probably be written 1729-30, as 
Mitchell's Hist, of Bridgewater gives 1730. 

April 16th 1730 — I marry'd William Davenport and Sarah Richards. 
Novembr. 12th 1730 — I marry'd Timothy Hay ward and the widow Mary 

Read; and the same night I marry'd Arthur Harris and Mehetabel 

October 21st 1731 — I marry'd John Johnson and Peggie Holman. 
Decembr. 13th 1732 — I marry'd Joseph Newel and Hannah Pierce. 
Febry. 1st 1732-3 — I marry'd Arthur Lathum and Alice Alien. 
Aprl 24th 1733 — I marry'd Samuel Allen and Susanna Perkins. 
June 14th 1733 — I marry'd Ebenezer Shaw and Mary Read. 
July 5th 1733 — I marry'd John Allen and Lydia Kiugman. 
Augst 5th 1733 — I marry'd John Cary and Susanna Allen. 
Octobr. 1£ th 1733 — I marry'd Jonathan Pitcher of Norwich and Mehetabel 

Patingal of Bridgwater. 
Decembr 11th 1733 — I marry'd David Hill and Mary Buck. 
Janry loth 1733-4 — I marry'd Nathaniel Pratt and Sarah Allen. 
June 20th 1734 — I marry'd John Holman and Ann Harris. 
July 11th 1734 — I marry'd Joseph Newel and Rachel Sylvester of Pem- 
Augst 22d 1734 — I marry'd Chin the negro man that belongs to John 

Johnson, and Rose, the negro woman that belongs to Sam'l Beale. 
Octobr. 3th 1734 — I marry'd John Cary and Sarah Drake. 
Decmbr 18th 1734—1 marry'd Matthew Allen and Sarah Harden. 
July 22d 1735 — I marry'd Thomas Kifi and Mary Bunton. 
Novembr 11th 1735 — I marry'd Matthew Allen jun'r. and Sarah Brett. 
Novembr. 19th 1735—1 marry'd Seth Allen & Rebecca Rickard of 

June 24th 1736 — I marry'd Gideon Ramsdel of Hanover and Sarah Far- 

July 15th 1736 — I marry'd Andrew Bearse of Halifax and Margaret Dawes 

of Bridgwater. 

14 Marriages in East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. [Jan. 

Feby. 3d 1736-7 — I marry'd Benjamin Viekery and Mary Allen. 

Feby. 8th 1736-7 — I marry'd Ezra Gary and Mary Holman. 

Feby. 23d 1736-7 — I marry'd Micah Allen and Hannah Edson. 

Jany. 17th 1737-8 — I marry'd Jonathan Perkins & Bethya Hay ward. 

Jany. 31st 1737-8 — I marry'd David Pratt and Ann Leonard. 

Feby. 2d 1737-8 — I marry'd Samuel Robbin & Bathsheba Wompom In- 

July 13th 1738 — I marry'd David Whitman and Susanna Hay ward. 

Oct. 11th 1738 — I marry'd Josiah Hay ward & the Widow Sarah Moore. 

Novr 22d 1738 — I marry'd Eleazar Washburn and Anna Alden 
Ephraim Gary and Susanna Alden, 
Ebenazer Byram to Abigail Alden, and also 
Benaiah Smith of Easton & Mary Hill of (this ?) Town. 

Decembr 21st 1738 — I marry'd Seth Mitchell and Anne Lathum. 

Decembr 28th 1738 — I marry'd James Radsford and Margaret Balls. 

March 27th 1730 — I marry'd Jonathan Allen of Braintree, and the widow 
Alice Lathum. 

May 16th 1739 — I marry'd Samuel Harden and Elizabeth Wade. 

Novr 20th 1739 — I marry'd Bridgwater & Kate, Col. Holman 's negroes. 

Deer 10th 1739 — I marry'd Charles Cushman and Mary Harvey. 

Decembr. 21st 1739 — I marry'd Benjamin Viekery and Mary Kingman. 

December 25th 1739 — I marry'd John Buck of Bridgwater aud Mary 
Eames of (Norton ?). 

September 16th 1740 — I marry'd Daniel Richards and Mary Packard, and 
at the same time I marry'd William Packard and Sarah Richards. 

April 28th 1741 — I marry'd Josiah Allen and Sarah Orcutt. 

May 20th 1741 — I marry'd Arthur Harris and Bethiah Hayward. 

June 23d 1741 — I marry'd Seth Whitman and Ruth Read. 

Nov. 11th 1741 — I marry'd Jonathan Bass junr. and Susanna Byram. 

Deer. 3d 1741 — I marry'd Ichabod Gary and Hannah Gannett. 

Jany. 6th 1741-2 — I marry'd Benjamin Hayward and Sarah Cary. 

Jany. 28th 1741-2 — I marry'd Daniel Cary and Martha Gary. 

June 30th 1742 — I marry'd Jesse Byram and Abigail Thurston 

Aug. 4th 1742 — I marry'd Hugh Or and Mary Bass. 

Nov. 9th 1742 — I marry'd Eleazar Whitman and Abigail Alden. 

Novem. 10th 1742 — 1 marry'd James Allen and the widow Ann Pryor. 

Novem. 11th 1742 — I marry'd Zachariah Cary and Susanna Bass. 

Decern. 13th 1742 — I marry'd Japhet Byram and Sarah Allen. 

Decern. 16th 1742 — I marry'd Joseph Allen and Susannah Packard. 

March 16th 1743 — I marry'd John Whitman and the widow Hannah 

Novem. 30th 1743 — I marry'd Nathan Allen and Rebecca Read. 

Jan. 18th 1743-4 — I marry'd Daniel Howell and Deliverance Latham. 

Feb. 7th 1743-4 — I marry'd John Edson and Mary Gannet. 

May 28th 1744 — I marry'd Robert Dawes and Lydia Harden. 

June 7th 1744 — I marry'd Joseph Gannet junr. and Betty Latham. 

Sept. 27th 1744 — I marry'd Naphtali Byram and Hannah Pratt. 

Octob. 17th 1745 — I marry'd Samuel Beale and Elisabeth Blackman. 

Octob. 24th 1745 — I marry'd Elisha Allen and Rebecca Pratt. 

Decern. 17th 1745 — I marry'd Joseph Byram & Mary Bowditch of Brain- 

fTo be continued.] 

1891.] Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Welsh. 15 



By the Rev. B. F. De Costa, D.D., of New York City. 

Antiquities or Remnants of History, are, as said, Tanquam Tabula naufragii, 
like planks of a shipwreck, when industrious persons, by an exact and scrupu- 
lous diligence and observation, out of monuments, names, words, proverbs, tradi- 
tions, private records and evidences, fragments of stones, passages of books that 
concern not story, and the like, do save and recover somewhat from the deluge 
of time. — Advancement of Learning. 

The alleged voyages to America by the Welsh, set down 
for the year 1170, form a subject that has never received the 
attention to which it is entitled by American writers, while in Great 
Britain it has not been treated with anything like justice. No 
monograph of a really meritorious or exhaustive character has ever 
been devoted to this important theme either in Europe or America. 
Superficial sketches are certainly not wanting, while the alleged 
voyage has often been referred to in historical and general works, 
and the probabilities of the case have sometimes been discussed. 
Comparatively little historical criticism, however, has been applied 
to the voyage of Madoc, son of the Prince of Wales, while, as if by 
some kind of an understanding, the most of that class of writers who, 
with good reason, might have been expected to have studied the 
subject with care, have either ignored the voyage, or contented 
themselves with a few irrelevant remarks which serve to show that, 
in reality, they were unacquainted with the merits of the case. 

Justice requires us to point out that one cause of this neglect may 
be found in the fact that the discussion with regard to the voyages 
of the Northmen to America, which began with the opening of the 
eleventh century, had the prior claim to notice, being superior both 
in interest and importance, and quite overshadowing the modest 
claim of the Welsh. The Northmen, for more than half a century 
last past, have largely monopolized the attention of many inquirers 
concerning the Pre-Columbian History of America. On the other 
hand, injudicious advocates of the Welsh have done much to create 
prejudice and distrust. It is not improbable, too, that Southey, by 
his poem of "Madoc," did considerable to convey the impression 
that the subject was really a theme quite removed from the sphere 
of veritable history. 

The present, however, would appear to be a favorable time for 
the reopening of the discussion, since the voyages of the Northmen 
are now substantially accepted, and the Sagas are received as 
genuine histories. Indeed there should never have been any doubt 
on this point. Critics like Alexander Von Humboldt did not doubt, 

VOL. XLV. 3 

16 Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Welsh. [J 


even at the outset. That great investigator frankly accepted the 
records, and was of opinion that the scene of the Northmen's exploits 
was to be found on the coast of New England, George Bancroft, 
on the contrary, taught for about half a century, in the various edi- 
tion of his History of the United States, that the Icelandic records 
were " mythological in form and obscure in meaning" but in the 
edition of his work published iu 1883, he dropped all reference to 
the subject, and has since had the frankness to admit that, in taking 
that view of the subject, he fell into error. The conviction of the 
great proportion of students, especially in Europe, is now so clear 
and decided with regard to the reality of these voyages and the 
historical character of the narratives, that few persons will be likely 
to concern themselves much in the future with regard to objections 
that may be urged. The way, therefore, is now open for the dis- 
cussion of the claims of the Welsh, as Pre-Columbian voyagers to 
the shores of North America. One may come to this discussion 
with the more confidence, for the reason that old time prejudice is 
dying out, and that every year there are fewer to be found, who ask 
with the irony of Imogen : 

" Prithee, think 
There's livers out of Britain ? " 

In opening this discussion, therefore, we may well quote some 
observations by Humboldt, who, speaking of the "obscurity which 
still shrouds the voyage of the Gaelic Chief Madoc," to "a Western 
Land 1170," observes : 

"It is much to be desired that, in our days, when a sound and 
severe spirit of criticism, devoid of a character of contempt, pre- 
vails, the old investigations of Powell and Richard Hakluyt might 
be resumed in England and Ireland." Continuing, he says, "I do 
not participate in the rejecting spirit which has, but too often, thrown 
popular tradition into obscurity, but I am, on the contrary, firmly 
persuaded that, by a greater diligence and perseverance, many of 
the historical problems which relate to the maritime expeditions of 
the early part of the middle ages * * * will one day be cleared by 
the discovery of facts with which we have hitherto been entirely un- 

Let us now proceed to inquire upon what the claim of the Welsh 
to Pre-Columbian enterprise in America is founded ? It will be 
noticed that we do not say the Pre-Columbian Discovery of America, 
because, unlike the Northmen, the ancient Welsh did not claim the 
discovery of "New Lands." The discoveries of the Northmen 
formed a somewhat great surprise in Iceland and Scandinavia, but 
they did not suppose for a moment that they had found a new 
Continent. On the contrary, they believed that the new lands at 
the West formed an arm of Europe, stretching around the polar 
region from Norway to Greenland, extending thence indefinitely 
southward. Still they knew nothing of our land until Biarne, when 

1891.] Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Welsh. 17 

sailing for Greenland, was blown upon the coast. The Welsh, on 
the contrary, did not exhibit surprise on reaching a land at the west. 
Tn fact, everything would seem to indicate that they knew of that 
land, probably by contact with the Northmen, and that Madoc sailed 
expecting to reach some part of the region known as Vinland. 
Ninety-five years before the voyage of Madoc, Adam of Bremen, 
after a visit to Denmark, wrote that "a region had been discovered 
by many in that [Western] Ocean, which was called Winland, be- 
cause vines grow there spontaneously, making excellent wine ; for 
that fruits, not planted, grow there of their own accord we know, 
not by false rumors, but by certain testimony of the Danes," which is 
in accord with the pleasant and fruitful countries reported by Madoc. 

The proof upon which the voyages of Madoc to the New World 
rest, may be divided into two parts, taken respectively from Pre- 
Columbian and Post-Columbian sources. First, we give the Pre- 
Columbian statements taken from the Welsh Bards and Chroniclers, 
though it may be proper to preface our quotations with a few re- 
marks concerning the ancient literature of the Welsh, which carries 
us back to a period before the Christian era. 

With the introduction of Christianity into Wales, where the wor- 
ship of Christ was established under an Episcopal Church govern- 
ment, long before the Roman missionaries turned their steps towards 
Great Britain, letters were cultivated and oral poetry and traditions 
were committed to writing, the Bards assuming a high position in 
the nation. These bards were not musical vagrants, roving, harp 
in hand, through the country side, singing songs for what they ceuld 
pick up. The poet and the harpist formed separate offices, and 
while some poets were skilled in the use of this instrument, others 
were not, while many compositions were not adapted to musical ex- 
pression. Besides, as fully recognized by scholars like Sharon 
Turner, the verses of the bards had other uses, being more or less 
of a historic character, and preserving important facts in British 
history. The poetry of the ancient Welsh did not possess the won- 
derful characteristics of Icelandic verse, nor did the Welsh cultivate 
prose in proportion to verse. Indeed, Icelanders were the first of 
all European people to produce a high style of original vernacular 
prose. The Welsh literature cannot take rank with the Icelandic, 
portions of which, as for instance the Eddas and the Himskringla, 
will hold their high place like the productions of Homer and 
Herodotus, while literature endures. The Icelandic writings, too, 
have an advantage in their greater popularity, since the most serious 
efForts have been made to obscure the glory of Welsh literature, to 
keep it in the background, and even destroy it, the Bards at one 
time being considered as politically dangerous. Hence it cost a 
severe effort to bring out that great collection of Welsh literature, 
"Myvyfian Archaiologv," in three royal octavo volumes, forming an 
imperishable monument of Welsh industry and genius. Yet, not- 

18 Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Welsh. [Jan. 

withstanding the extent of this collection, taken together with a 
large quantity of unpublished material, it may truly be said that we 
now possess only a comparatively small portion of the ancient 
writings, many of which were destroyed by vandals, while fire and 
neglect have largely supplemented other destructive agents. The 
subject of Madoc must have engaged the attention of many poets 
and chroniclers, for it would be idle to suppose that the few scraps 
that remain are all that were ever written. Let us, however, turn 
to these surviving fragments and observe their bearing upon what 
later writers have laid down with respect to the Western voyages of 
the Welsh chief. 

The first authority to be quoted is Lywarch ab Llwelyn, who 
flourished at the close of the thirteenth century. Speaking, evidently, 
of the two brothers, Hywal and Madoc, he says : 

" Two princes of strong passions broke off in wrath, 

The multitude of the earth did not love them ; 
One on land in Avron allaying - ambition. 

And another, a placid one, on the bosom of the vast ocean, 
In trouble great and immeasurable, 

Prowling after a possession easily guarded, 
Estranged from every one for a country.'" 

This translation, from Stephens's "Literature of the Cymry" 
(II. §2), is accepted as literal, and, like the rest of his translations, 
it is considered by judges entirely reliable, conveying both the letter 
and the spirit of the text. The original is found in " Myvyrian 
Archaiology" (I. 283). 

We have here the picture of a sea rover, whose story was well 
known by the people, who would at once recognize its faithfulness ; 
while the incidental character of the reference renders it all the more 
valuable. The same Bard makes an additional allusion to Madoc, 
where, speaking of the latter's brother lorworth, he says that 
Iorworth met the Saxons by Llanwynwry's Lake, md describes him as 

"Nephew of Madoc, whom we more and more 
Lament that he is gone ." 

That "Madoc disappeared from his native country," Stephens, a 
hostile and able critic, frankly admits as " proved beyond a doubt." 
This appears, he says, from the poem of "The Hot Iron," which 
2;ives an account of the trial of one who was accused of having 
murdered the sea rover. The accused says : 

" Good iron! exonerate me 

From the charge of having slain Madoc, 
And show r that he who slew the fair Prince 
Shall have no part of heaven." Myr. Archaiol. I. 2S9. 

Madoc son of Gwynedd is not to be confounded with that Madoc 
who, in 1180, was slain by Thomas, his drunken brother. 

A later Bard, Meredydd ab Rhys, who wrote about the year 
1440, also shows distinctly that Madoc was a sea rover : 

44 Madoc am I who through my life 
By sea will seek my wonted prey." 


1891.] Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Welsh. 19 

In the 1583 edition of Hakluyt's Voyages there are found some 
ancient lines which, the author says, " I received of ray learned friend, 
Mr. William Camden." The English version runs : 

" Macloc I am the Sonne of Owen Gwynedd, 

"With stature large and comely grace adorned; 

No land at home, nor store of wealth me please, 

My mind was whole to search the ocean seas." 

Camden evidently drew the lines from Rhys. At the period when 
the latter wrote, the accused man had been exonerated from the 
murder of Madoc, and it was concluded that the adventurer had lost 
his life on the sea, which may have been the case, as we do not 
know the result of his last western voyage. The poet, Cynddelu, 
who lived about the time of Llywelen, wrote : 

" And is not Madoc by the whelming wave 

Slain? How I sorrow for the helpful friend ! — 
Even in battle he was free from hate, 

Yet not in vain grasped he the warrior's spear." 

But now, whither did Madoc sail, and in what land beyond the 
sea did he make the scene of enterprise? In partial reply we may 
quote the Pre-Columbian Genealogies compiled by Ievan Brecva, 
which say that *' Madoc and Riryd found land far in the west and 
settled there." William Owen, in the " Cambrian Biography " 
(p. 233), says that the expedition is recorded in a book of pedigrees 
by Brecva, written about the year 1466. This is supported by 
Guttyn Owain, a distinguished poet and genealogist who wrote be- 
tween 1460 and 1490. 

But we must quote here from the ancient Triad of the *' Three 
Disappearances" found in " Cambro-Priton" (Vol. I. 1820, p. 
123), which makes the third remarkable Disappearance, that of 
"Madawg, son of Owain Gwynedd, who accompanied by three 
hundred men, went to sea in ten ships, and it i; not known to what 
place they went." 

We should not hesitate to consider such testimonies, because they 
are associated with some things that are marvellous. Discrimination 
must be used. The essential fact given in the Triad is, that Madoc 
went to sea with ten ships. The writer did not know the exact 
destination of the fleet. The point he makes is, that the disappear- 
ance of Madoc and his fleet was a remarkable occurrence. This is 
all that he wanted to convey. He was not writing to convince any- 
one that an enterprise was undertaken. lie had no interest in show- 
ing that the Welsh knew of a great land in the West. The fact 
was of no account at that period. He was simply writing a Triad. 
Madoc's well-known case formed one side of the triangle. We 
should simply try to put ourselves back in the age when the Triad 
was written, and feel its force as a testimony to the voyage of Madoc 
upon the Atlantic. 

These testimonies are of more consequence than, possibly, they 



20 Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Welsh. [Jan. 

may appear at the outset. Carefully considered, it will be evident 
that they cover six important points : 

Is That there was a well-known historic person named Madoc, the son 
of Gwynedd, Prince of Wales. 

2. That he was a sailor, whose natural disposition drew him to adven- 
tures on the sea. 

3. That this Madoc made westward voyages on the Atlantic. 

4. That after the first voyage, upon which he embarked more or less 
secretly, he was supposed to have been murdered, while, on trial, the 
accused man was cleared. 

5. That he reappeared in Wales, raised a company of three hundred 
men and women, embarking t\\a company in ten ships, with the intention of 
returning to the site of his colony. 

6. That he sailed westward for the purpose of founding a colony and 
never returned. 

These are statements that antedate the voyage of Columbus, and 
come down to us from a period when discoveries on the Atlantic 
were viewed with general indifference by the Welsh, who found 
such matters of interest only in the incidental manner pointed out, 
while no glory was ever claimed in connection with Madoc's enter- 
prise, the genealogist and poet being concerned only in the melan- 
choly result. Tins is testimony of a kind that must inevitably have 
force with minds accustomed to weigh historic evidence. 

We now turn to the Post-Columbian proof. First of all we find 
Powell adding to our facts, and showing the course taken by Madoc 
on his first voyage, for he "left the coast of Ireland so far north that 
he came to a land unknown."* Powell gives as his authority (and 
his statements are accepted by Hakluyt) the Herald Bard, Guttyn 
Owain, who flourished, as we have seen, before Columbus. This 
statement attributed to Owain was first published in Post-Columbian 
times, but there is no sufficient reason for doubting that it was con- 
tained in seme one of the many versions of his works, and was taken 
thence by Powell, as the latter declares. 

Portions of the narrative given in the notef below are plainly unhis- 
torical. The intelligent reader will discover the chart. It should 


* The use of this work does not interfere with the belief that the Welsh knew of the 
voyages of the Northmen. Seventeenth century voyagers often spoke in this way of lauds 
already discovered but not explored. 

f Powell's narrative states, as one result of dissension in Wale's, during the twelfth cen- 
tury, that Madoc, son of Owen Gwynoth, "left the hind in contention betwixt his brethren 
and prepared eertaine ships, with men and munition, and sought adventure by seas, sailing 
West, and leaving the coast of Ireland so farre North that he came to a land unknowen, 
where he saw many strange things." "This Land," Powell iilogieally says, "must needs 
be some part of that countrev of which the Spaniards arHrnitf themselves to be the first 
tinder* since Hanna's time. For by reason and order of Cosmographte, this land to which 
Madoc came, must needs be some parts of Nova Hispaoia, or Florida. Whereupon it is 
manifest that that countrey was long before by Britaine discovered., afore cither Columbus 
or Americas Vcsputius led any Spaniard's thither." 

14 Of the Voyage and returne of this Madoc," Powell sa\ -, » iherc may be fables fained as 
the common people do use in distance of place and length of tunc rather to augment than 
to diminish, but sure it is that he was there. And after he jr«l returned home, and de- 
clared the pleasant and fruitful countreys that he had -■•'•! w.thoui inhabitants, and upon 
the contrary part, for what barren and wiide ground his brethren and nephews did murther 

1891.] Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Welsh. 21 

be observed, however, that this particular narrative has been made 
the subject of numerous sketches, superficial articles, by writers in- 
capable of perceiving what was required of a critic, and who, after 
despatching the Mexican allusions, have fondly regarded the claims 
of the Welsh as laid to rest. It will be necessary, however, to 
separate what is mere conjecture from what is supported by solid 
testimony, and especially that testimony which is drawn from 
ancient writings. The study of Mexican antiquities long ago per- 
suaded the historical world that the use of the Cross had no necessary 
connection with Christianity. The forced interpretation of the facts 
by Powell grew out of the desire to antedate the Spanish claim to 
the New World. The struggle between England and Spain was 
coming on apace. The Armada was already foreshadowed, and men 
were ready for any pretext to urge against Spain. Powell, howev- 
er, made a poor use of the facts, and would have done the Welsh a ser- 
vice if he had abstained from speculation, since, by false deductions, 
he prejudiced a large number of writers against the whole subject. 

We have now to turn to another Post-Columbian writer. In 
1634, Sir Thomas Herbert published, " ^1 Relation of Some yeares 
Travaile" in which (p. 217) he gives additional particulars relating 
to the voyage of Madoc, saying that Madoc "put to sea from 
Abergwilley," that " after some weeks sailing due west he descried 
land, probably New Foundland ; but whatever it was, it overjoyed 
him." He continues, "Madoc then ranged the coast .... fixed on 
a spot to form his intended settlement. After he had stayed there 
awhile to recruit the health of his men, he fortified his settlement 
and left 120 there to protect it." Keturning to Wales, he organized 
a second expedition and went back with his ten ships, and found 
"few of those whom he had left remaining," but, with the help of 
his brothers Eneon and Edwal, put things once more in good order, 
and remained there some time, expecting the arrival of more of their 
countrymen .... but they never came, and caused grievous disap- 
pointment," as the wars in Wales prevented further help. For 
authorities he refers to " Cynwric ab Grono, Meredydd ab Rhys, 
Guttain Owain, Lloyd, Howell, Prys [Khys?], Hackluit, Brough- 
ton, Purchas, Davy and others." 

one another, he prepared a number of shippes, and got with him such men and women as 
were desirous ro live in quietness, and taking leave of his friends tooke his journey thither- 
ward again. Therefore it is to be presupposed that he and his people inhabited part of 
those countreys, for so it appeareth by Francis Lopez de Gomara, that in Acwzanid and in 
other places the people honored the crosse. Whereby it may be gathered that Christians 
had beene there before the coming of the Spaniards. But because these people were not 
many they followed the manners of the Land they came vnto, and used the language they 
found there. This Madoc, arriving in that western countrey, vnto which lie came in the 
yeere 1170, left most of his people there, and returning back for more of his own nation, 
acquaintance and friends to inhabit that fay re and large countrey, went thither a^ain with 
ten sailes, as I find noted by Gutten Owen. I am of opinion," adds the writer, with 
little judgment, " that the land whereunto he came was near some port of Mexico. The 
causes which make me to think so be these. 1. The common report of the inhabitants of 
that countrey, which affirm that theyr rulers descended from a strange nation that came 
thither from a farre countrey, which theory is confessed by Montezuma, King of that 
countrey, in w\\ oration made for quieting his people, at his submission to the King of 

Castile, Hernano Cortes being then present 2. The British words and names of piaccs 

used in that country, etc." 

22 Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Welsh. [Jan. 

On this it may be observed, first, that, in the time of Herbert, 
the interest in the subject of America had increased, and that, while 
this would tend to the amplification of facts, and the exercise of 
imagination, it would, at the same time, lead to inquiry among the 
Welsh for additional information. Herbert, indeed, produces an 
additional name, in the Pre-Columbian Bard, Cynwric ab Grono. 
Why, therefore, should not Sir Thomas be credited when he tells 
us that he found new matter respecting the voyage? It is a fact, 
that he had access to the finest and by far the most valuable collec- 
tion of ancient Welsh manuscripts ever brought together, that of 
Rhaglan Castle, collected by his relation, the distinguished Earl of 
Pembroke. Why are not these ancient testimonies produced ? In 
reply, it may be said that Rhaglan Castle, one of the first of British 
Castles, was destroyed during the Cromwellian Wars. 

No one has yet produced any real reason for questioning the 
veracity of Sir Thomas Herbert, and the only course open to the 
average mind among the promiscuous eulogists of Columbus, who 
do not understand the real merits of the Genoese and are bitter 
against all Pre-Columbian adventurers on the high seas, is to employ 
the common, if not convincing argument, and to declare, in the 
terms of the unhistorical class to which they belong, that Sir 
Thomas Herbert falsified. 

As it remains, however, no one has yet shown a shadow of a 
reason for questioning Herbert's veracity, though we may properly 
criticize the use he made of his material ; for certainly Madoc sailed 
from Wales. That fact is indisputable, and he must have sailed 
from some port. That the name of the port lingered in tradition, 
being preserved in some one of the many Rhaglan manuscripts, 
is very likely, and it is not at all unlikely that Sir Thomas should dis- 
cover that the name of the port was Abergwilley. At least he says 
so, and it is the business of the critic, in the absence of Sir Thomas 
himself, to prove that it is false, which cannot be done simply by 
declaring it false. That the Welsh adventurer should have built a 
fort in the land to which he sailed is not very remarkable. There 
were doubtless more things in the Rhaglan archives than are just 
now drenmpt of in our histories, and doubtless the fuller story of 
Madoc's voyage was preserved there in chronicles, which, together 
with many precious historical treasures, perished by fire. Indeed 
the wholesale destruction of Welsh manuscript in mnny parts of 
Great Britain is simply deplorable. At one time for instance nearly 
a hundred copies of the Chronicle of Caradoc existed in manuscript, 
but now nearly all have disappeared. This is not very surprising, 
however, when we consider the fact that no copy of the earliest edi- 
tions of the New England Primer is known, though the book was 
one scattered abroad as thickly as the leaves in Vallambrosa. 
Under the circumstances, considerino- the indifference of the Welsh 
towards the early voyage, how poor would be the chance for the 

1891.] Pre-Columbian Voyages of the Welsh. 23 

perservation of the story of Madoc. The possibility, nevertheless, 
is, that the class of partisan writers who are unable to make the noble 
Columbus appear as great as they wish, will continue to throw dirt at 
Sir Thomas Herbert, who was an upright man and a diligent student 
of the Welsh language and literture. 

It is true that the voyage is not mentioned by Giraldus Cam- 
brensis, who lived at the period of Madoc, but, like most writers of his 
class, he cared nothing about such subjects. It is also true, that the 
voyage is not mentioned in any copy of Guttyn Ovvain now accessi- 
ble ; but it is also a fact, that no two copies of these old narratives 
were alike, being furnished by the author at different periods, and 
for different persons and places, a book written out in old age being 
entirely different from the history of the same subject in early years. 
Whether Guttyn mentioned Madoc in one of his earlier or one of his 
later compositions, it is impossible to say, but the variety in the 
manuscripts is nevertheless pointed out and dwelt upon in " Myvy- 
rian Archaiology" though not w r ith the slightest reference to the 
voyage of Madoc. Still the remarks of the learned editor apply, 
and throw light upon the fact, that the present version of Guttyn 
Owain is defective as respects Madoc. An illustration of these re- 
marks will be had by comparing the last edition of Bancroft's " His- 
tory " with that of half a century ago. Various voyages have dis- 
appeared, and new adventures appear in the place of the old ; and 
when the early editions have actually been worn out, or have dis- 
appeared, as may actually prove to be the case and at no distant 
period, some one may take up a recent edition, and declare that 
Bancroft never wrote a word about the Northmen. 

Here, for the present, at least, we rest the case, presenting the 
subject as one worthy of study and consideration, and one, more- 
over, that may richly reward the explorer of the unpublished ancient 
Welsh nanuscripts that may still lie neglected in obscure niches 
among the mountains and in the seaport towns of beautiful Wales. 

The subject, however, should not be left before w r e emphasize an 
important fact, namely, that, for the sake of the argument, the Post- 
Columbian authorities could be left out, since even then there would 
be solid ground for the probability of Madoc's voyage. This, how- 
ever, w r ould be unfair, alike to history and to Lloyd and Powell, as 
well as to Sir Thomas Herbert. These men were scholars of emi- 
nence and of high character. Their integrity has been impeached simply 
with sneers. Fair minded men, therefore, in the present stage of 
the discussion, must give these writers due credit, and Herbert 
especially must be believed, when he says that he found in the old 
Chronicles, which w r ere open to him at Rhaglan Castle, the fact 
that Madoc sailed west from Abergwilly and built a fort in the land 
beyond the sea, where he planted a colony. About all that can be 
said in reply, is that "Columbus discovered America," which is a 
statement that has had its day. 

Church Records of Preston, Conn. [Jan. 


Communicated by Frank Palmer, Esq., of Norwich, Conn. 

The following list, condensed from "The Records of y e Congrega- 
tional Church of Christ in Preston : Called the Seperate Church," is 
therein entitled a "Record of Marriages Consomated Before Paul 
Park Ministor of the Gospil in a Congregatinal Church in Preston." 
Many of the marriages here given are not elsewhere recorded. 
Fortunately the volume, which belongs to the family of Connecti- 
cut's ex-Chief- Justice, John D. Park, had been loaned me prior to 
the late destruction of the old Park mansion and its contents by fire. 

1774 March 31, Daniel Baker* "of Goton " and Elizebeth Thommas of 
Preston " at ye house of Mr. Amos Avery in Preston." 

1774 Sept. 21, Amos Thomas of Preston and Prudanee Brurnbly of 


1775 Jan'y 5, Hezekiah Park and Phebe Avery, " Booth of Preston." 
1775 Aug. 4, " Tom : a Negro servent to Mr. Jeremiah Halsey and Avis 

Miller a Indian woman." 
1775 Dec. 14, Jonathan Cogswell 3d of Ipswich (Mass.) and Mary Rust 
of Preston. 

1775 Dec. 25, " Tom : a negro Servent to Mr. Halsey and Avis Miller, In- 

dian woman." 

1776 Dec. 5, Samuel Bennet of Stonington and Joannah Ginnings of 


1777 Mch. 10, " Cezar Avery a negro man; and My Cotes a negro 

1777 Nov. 19, Dauiel Armstrong and Hannah Leuis " both of Norwich." 
1777 Nov. 21, " Lonou a Negro : Slave to Mr. John Williams of Groton : 
and Geue a Negro woman Slave to Capt. Israel Huit of Stoning- 
1777 Dec. 4, Adam Stanton "of Killingsworth" and Elizabeth Treate of 

1777 Dec. 25, Luke Briantand Abigal Tommas, " Booth of Preston." 
1779 Jan'y 7, " in ye Evening " Edward Spicer of Groton and Esther 

Ames of Preston. 
1779 April 22, Daniel Avery of Groton and Sibel Park of Preston. 

1779 Dec. 23, Hasard Hull of Ashford and Abigal Tyler of Preston. 

1780 Oct. 15, Coucider Sterry and Sabra Park "booth of Preston." 

1780 Nov. 16, Ruben Palmer of Stonington and Leucrecy Tyler of 


1781 " Genewary 4th," Ebenezer Brown Junr., of Groton and abigal 

Morse of Preston. 
1781 Jan'y 18, Thomas Patten and Mary Treat, "booth of Preston." 
1781 Mch. 21, Timothy Clark Junr. of Norwich and Sarah Tracy 

" Junr." of Preston. 
1781 April 19, James Starkweather of Stonington and Prudance Avery 

of Preston. 
• Names are spelled as in the record : peculiarities are indicated by quotation marks.— f.p. 

1801.] Church Records of Preston, Conn. 25 

1781 Oct. 24, Elipelet Coburii of Windham and Lois Tracy of Preston. 

1781 Oct. 25, Samuel Johnson and Eunice Park both of Preston. 

1782 May 9, Ichabod Palmer of Stonington and Ziporah Branch of 


1782 Nov. 11, "on the Evening of ye 10 Instant" Giles Tracy and Su- 

zanna Culver both of Preston. 

1783 Dec 10, "In the Evening of ye lltli Day of December" George 

Wilkerson of Stonington and Leucy Clark of Preston. 

1784 Nov. 16, "In the Evning of the loth" Isaac Herrick of Worth- 

ington and Pruda Starkweather of Preston. 

1784 Dec. 30, " In the Evning" "Mr." Benjamin Crandal of Charlstown 

(R. I.) and "Mrs." Esther Meech of Preston. 

1785 Feb'y 17 (Evening), "Mr." Azariah Persons of Worthington 

(Mass.) and "Mrs" Elizebeth Park of Groton. 

1786 June 21 (Evening),.," Mr." John Mackol of Bozrah and " Mrs." 

Loruhamah Brewstor of Preston. 
1786 Oct. 5 (Evening), Mr. Nathan Stanton of Charlstown (R. I.) and 

Molly- Brewer Park of Preston. 
1786 Nov. 16, Mr. Samuel Benjamins of Preston and "Ms." Polly Kim- 

bal of Stonington. 
1786 Nov. 16 (Evening), Mr. Amos Wittor and " Ms." Leucy Crary, both 

of Preston. 
1786 Dec. 4, "In the evening of the 3d," Mr. Samuel Stanton and Ms. 
v Martha Moors, both of Preston. 

1786 Dec. 8 (Evening of 7th), Mr. Ritchard Starkweather and Deborah 

Brewstor, both of Preston. 
"1786" Mch. 8 (Evening), Mr. Wheler Hutchison and Ms. Sarah Brum- 
bly both of Preston. 

1787 June 3 (Eve.), Mr. Gershom Brown and Ms. Eunice Park, both of 

1787 June 21 (Eve.), Mr. Israel Gates "of West Grinage" (R. I.) and 

Ms. Eunice Gates of Preston. 
1787 Nov. 15 (Eve.), Mr. David Avery and "Mis." Hannah Avery both 

of Preston. 
1787 j.ov. 22, "Indians." 

1787 Nov. 22 (Eve.), Mr. John Gorton of Stonington and " Mrs." Serah 

Gates of Preston. 

1788 Feb'y 3 (Eve.), Mr. Roger Benjamin of Worthington (Mass.) and 

"Mis." Elizebeth Starkweather of Stonington. 
1788 Feb'y 10 (Eve.), Ruben Brown and Ruth Park, both of Groton. 

1788 Sept. 19 (Eve. of 18th), Elijah Mors "of Worthington: State of 

Boston " and Mary Mors " of Preston : State of Connecticut." 

1789 Mch. 26, Joseph Yarington of Stonington and Anna "Prark" of 

1739 April 23, Mr. David Allyn of Groton and Desire Tyler of Preston. 
1789 May 9, " Eliab Wilson of franklin and Cybel freeman of Norwich." 
1789 Aug. 13, Frederick Gates and Welthy Pollard, both of Preston. 
1789 Sept. 15, "In the Evening of the 13th," Peleg Brown of Groton 

and Betsey Yarington of Stonington. 
1789 Oct. 5 (Eve.)., Elisha Tracy of Preston and Suzanna Roach of 

1789 Nov. 26, Jedidiah Darby of Lisbon and Elisabeth Gore of Preston. 
1789 Nov. "2(j (Eve.), Samuel Bayley and Cyutiia Meech, both of Preston. 

26 Church Records of Preston, Conn. [Jan. 

1789 Dec. 17 (Eve.), Richard Fanning of Stonington and Leucy Park of 


1790 Nov. '27, Mr. Thomas Roth and Mrs. Phebee Button, both of Pres- 


1791 Jan'y 15, Mr. Gurden Chapman of Preston and Mrs. Leucy Yar- 

ington of Stonington. 
1791 May 30, Mr. Elisha Chapman and Mrs. Hannah Wittor, both of 

1791 Sept. 29, Mr. Asa Prentice of Stonington and Mrs. Leucy Park of 

1791 Oct. 14 (Eve. of 13th), Mr. Agustus Babcock and Mrs Rachel 

Read, both of Preston. 
1791 Nov. 24, Mr. Ezrar Barns of Groton and " Mrs." Olive Palmer* of 


1791 Nov. 24, Mr. Asa Bailey and Mrs. Dolly Story, both of Preston. 

1792 Feb'y 9, Mr. Jason Fish Junr. and Mrs. Martha Gorton, both of 

1792 Mch. 8, Mr. Ephraim Park and Mrs. Cybil Kimbal both of Preston. 
1792 Mch. 22, Mr. Silas Williams and Michal Williams, both of Groton. 
1792 Nov. 28, Mr. Luther Blevin of Westerly (R. I.) and Mrs. Rebeckah 

Cook of Preston. 

1792 Nov. 29, Mr. William Avery of Stonington and Mrs. Margaret 

Avery of Preston. 

1793 June 23, Mr. Alstall Williams of Groton and Mis. Keziah Moot of 

1793 Nov. 3, " Mrs." James Cook of Preston and Percy Herrick of Worth- 

1793 Dec. 16, Mr. John Brown of Preston and Mis. Phebe Middleton of 

Stonington " were married together on the loth Instant." 

1794 Oct. 1C, wi Mr. Amos Lucas of Kingsbury york State" and Mis. 

Anna Kimbal of Preston. 

1795 June 25, Mr. Shubal Whitny of Preston and Mrs. Sally Mitchel of 


1796 Sept. 1, Mr. Thomas Gray of Stonington and Mrs. Polly Perkins 

of Groton. 

1797 Jan'y 29, Mr. Joseph Gavit of Westerly (R.I.) and Mrs. Lydia 

Culver of Preston. 
1797 Oct. 7, Mr. Manuel Keyne of Plainfield and Mis. Leucy Park "of 

1797 Nov. 19, Mr. Jephtha Geer of Preston and Ollivet Herrick of 


1797 Dec. 10, Mr. Samuel Denison and Mis. A[vis WJoodward, both of 


1798 April 17, Mr. Joseph II. Whittimore and Mis. Talitha Dody, both 

of Mansfield. 

1798 Dec. 25, Peter Gorge and Poll Apes both of Groton. 

1799 Aug. 27, Mr. Ezra Barns and "Mrs." Judith Palmer,f both of 

1799 Dec. 12, Mr. Nathan Park and Mrs. Margret Park, both of Pres- 

* My great-aunt, then in her 21st year, had not previously been married.— f. p. 
t Like her sister she had not previously been married.— f. r. 

1891.] Letter of Samuel Adams to the Town of Boston. 27 

1800 Jan'y 16, Mr. Asa A. Gore of Preston and Mrs. Ruth Yarington 

" of Stoningtown." 
1800 Feb'y 16, Joseph Geer and Hannah Kimbal, both of Preston. 

1800 April 10, Elisha Crary and Abigal Avery, both of Preston. 

1801 Jan'y 5, George Harry of Charlstown (K. I.) and [Catjreua Nelson 

of Preston. 
Note.— The Rev. Paul Park, the great-grandfather of the Chief Justice, was the 
first pastor of the '• Preston Separate Church," and virtually the only oue, though 
the church li^ed for several years after his death. It was " first gathered 
March ye Nth A.D. 1747," according to its book of records, and the pastor 
served as its clerk. — f. p. 

BOSTON, MARCH 13, 1769, 


Communicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston. 

I send for the Register a copy of a letter of Samuel Adams in 
regard to the deficiency in his Tax returns. It seems to me that it 
entirely disposes of the assertion, so often made, that he was a 

To the Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town of Boston 

in Town Meeting assembled March 13, 1769, 
The Petition of Samuel Adams Sheweth — 

That your Petitioner was annually chosen by the Town a Collector of 
Taxes, from the year 1756 to the year 1764 inclusive — That notwith- 
standing all his Care & Pains to collect the same, a Number of Persons 
charged with their respective Taxes, in Each of said years, were thro' 
Poverty & Misfortune unable to make Payment to him — That particularly 
in the year 1760, a terrible Fire happened in the Town, which is well re- 
mernberei 1 , & raged with great Desolation in his "Ward; which rendered it 
exceeding dilReult for the suffering Persons, many of whom were then in- 
debted to him for former Taxes, to discharge the same. This & other Mis- 
fortunes of the like Importance were great Discouragements to your 
Petitioner; inasmuch as the Demands of the several Treasurers, were 
necessarily more pressing upon hi?a, than were the Abilities of those upon 
whom alone he could depend to enable him to answer the same ; By which 
means he was often put to considerable Expense, and was obliged finally, 
contrary to his Judgement in ordinary Cases, to make use of the first Moneys 
he could collect in a new year, to make good the Deficiencys of the year 

Your Petitioner would represent to the Town: That the Amount of the 
Sums committed to him to collect in the Aforesaid years, was upwards of 
fifty -one Thousand Pounds Lawfull Money; for the collecting the chief 
parts of which the stipulated Premium has been three & three quarters 
g cent, only, or Nine pence upon the Pound, which is three pence less 
than had been for some time before allowed by the Town ; That having 

* See in this connection "Life and Pnblic Services of Samuel Adams," by his great- 
grandson, William V. Wells, Boston, 1S6<5, Vol. I. pp. 35-38. 
VOL. XLV. 4 

28 Letters of Gol. Thoracis Westbrook and others. [Jan. 

satisfyed the Demands of the several Treasurers, for all the said Years ex- 
cept the last viz: 1704, the Treasurer of the Province issued Execution 
against him for the sura of £2001). 8. 8, due to the Province for said year. 
And .afterwards, the Town Treasurer, by Order of the Town put his Bond 
in suit, & recovered Judgement for the Sum due; But thro' the Indulgence 
of 'the Town, Execution was stayed. 

Furthermore your Petitioner would represent: That agreeable to the 
Expectation of the Town, he has lodged with the Selectmen, a List of his 
outstanding Debts; which allowing for unavoidable Mistakes which may 
happen on so large a Sum, in so great a Number of hands, & of so long 
standing, is to the best of his Knowledge, & as he verily thinks a true List 
of Debts. 

And your Petitioner would further acquaint the Town, that he has also 
exhibited a State of his Account, by which it appears that the Sum of 
£1106. 11. together with the said List of Debts will fully compleat the 
Sums in which he still remains indebted to the several Treasurers. 

Now your Petitioner, having long laboured under these heavy Burdens, 
to which he has often been almost ready to yield, begs leave to lay his 
Petition before the Town ; the Prayer whereof being granted, will ever be 
acknowledged by him as an Instance of singular Indulgence ; Namely — 
That the Town would order him a final Discharge upon Condition of his 
paying the aforesaid sum of £110G. 11. into the Province Treasury; and 
would also make Choice of some suitable Person to receive said List, upon 
the Condition aforesaid, & collect the outstanding Taxes therein mentioned. 
With his best wishes for the Town, your Petitioner subscribes, 

Sam 1 Adams. 



Communicated by "William Blake Trask, A.M., of Dorchester. 

[Continued from vol. xliv. page 356.] 

May it Please y r Honour, Portsm Decern 1- 16 th 1723. 

M r Secretary Willard wrote me, y e 27 th of the last Month, that it 
was y r Hon™ pleasure forthwith to know w* men are Entitled to be released 
or exchanged, are desirous of it, and. who (that are so Entitled) are willing 
to Continue in the service. I have made it my buisness since the receipt 
of his Letter, w ch came not to my hands till the 10 th Ins 1 , to Acquaint my- 
self with what your Hon r would be Inform'd of, but net knowing certainly 
what entitules a man to a release (tho' I suppose it to be a two yeares Con- 
tinuance in the service) I have therefore herewith Inclos'd to your hon r lists 
of ail the persons (save some few which I have sent to the Officers for but 
are not yet come to my hand), who have been in his Majesties service two 
years &. upward; the lists mentions y e Captains names to whom they be- 
long, the Towns from whence they came, & likewise shew wether the men 
were Imprest, hired, or Voluntiers, and the time of their entrance into the 
Service, who are willing to Continue in it, which are, I think, but three or 
four, & all the rest are desirous of a dismission ; what remaiues I shall send 

1891.] Letters of CoL Thomas Westbrook and others. 29 

y r Hon* as soon as possible. Cp* Harmon return'd from his Cruises a 
Wensday last. I have not yet received his Journal. I shall transmitt it 
to y r honour as soon as I do, w ch will be next week. He informs me, that 
while he was at Mount desart, he was advis'd by Cp* Elliot, who was in a 
Sloop from Canso, of a party of Indians on an Island called Titmauan (I 
think), w ch is but a little to the Eastward of Mount Desert, but out of y e 
limits of his Instructions, as he Conceiv'd, wherefore he proceeded not after 
them. I came hither a Saturday night last, from York, in Ord r to send 
y r honour this Dispatch, and am now hasteing to Berwick with all possible 
Expedition. I am Hon blc Sir, 

Your most Obd 1 humble serv\ 

Tho s Westbrook. 

P. S. If I receive no further Instructions, I shall Improve Cp' Harmon 
on Amns Coggin river & East side of Saco, after his men are a little 
refresht; but if we Cou'd be left at large I am humbly of Opinion that 
Eastward is the only place to Catch Indians. 

Mass. Archives, 51 : 3S6. T. W. 


I hope this will find your Hon 1 safe arrived at New London. 

The General Court not rising till Fryday Night last, The Hurry of 
Business that succeeds it will not allow me to give you so large & full an 
Acco' of the Occasions of the War with the Indians as may be necessary. 
However, I thought I would not let this Post slip without Saying some- 
thing on that Head according to your Hon rs Expectation. 

At the Treaty of Portsmouth, in the Year 1713, as well as in preceeding 
Treaties, The Indians agreed that the English should settle undisturb'd 
on any of the Lands where former Settlements had been made, or for 
which they had good Deeds from the Indians : After which, the English 
settling on Kennebeck River & Merry Meeting Bay in such Places from 
which they had been driven off by the War, & for which Lands the Pro- 
prietors had good & sufficient Indian Deeds (w ch they laid before the 
Indians as well as the English Governm*) The Indians took Umbrage at 
these Settlements, pretending their Ancestors had no Right to alienate those 
Lands; And, accordingly, gave frequent Disturbances to the English, 
Threatening to drive them off from Kennebeck River & Killing their 
Creatures & taking Provisions & other Things out of their Houses. At first 
these Insults were confined to that River, The Indians pretending that they 
were very well Satisfied with the more Western Settlem ts ; But at Length, 
they proceeded to deny the English Right to any Lands to the Eastward 
of Wells, threatening the People & Killing the Creatures & Pulling down 
their Fences, even up to Wells. In the year 1719, Coll. Tailer, Coll. Stod- 
dard & Coll. Dudley were sent down by the Gen 11 Court to Falmouth, to 
expostulate with the Indians on these Matters, Who laid the Fault upon 
their rash & headstrong young Men, but promised to restrain them for the 
Future. But soon after, they repeated these Injuries with Circumstances 
of greater Insolence & Barbarity, so that many Families were forced to re- 
move, to their unspeakable Loss & Damage. In Nov. 1720, the Gen 11 
Court Impowered & Directed Coll. Walton & Maj r Moodey, & other Officers 
in Pay, to call the Indians to an Ace 1 , for these Violations of their Treaties, 
Who accordingly summonM in most of the Chiefs, Who excused themselves 
by Alledging that the Priests had excited their rash young Men to these 

30 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [Jan. 

Actions, which they own'd to be contrary to their Duty, And promised to 
behave more peaceably for the Future, And gave Hostages for their good 
Behaviour & for the Paym* of 200 Skins toward Reparation of the 
Damages they had done the English. But the next Year, they grew more 
insolent then ever, Writing insulting Letters to the Governm 1 & Killing 
great Numbers of Cattle, which they left rotting upon the Ground, & 
Abusing the Persons of many of the People, W ch Injuries were done to the 
Inhabitants of Arundel, Biddeford, Scarboro', Falni & North Yarrn , as 
well as of the Towns on Kennebeck River, So that a Multitude of those 
People were driven off from their Habitations by these Violences; Upon 
this An Act pass'd prohibiting all Manner of Commerce with them upon 
great Penalties. 

In June 1722, The Indians came down in a great Body upon the 
Settlem ts in Kennebeck River & burnt twenty or thirty Houses at Bruns- 
wick, & a great Many others, & some Mills upon the River, took live Men 
Prisoners whom they carried to Canada, & attack'd his Majesties Fort at 
Bruuswick, the Kings Colours flyiug for a whole Day, firing a great Number 
of Shot at it: All this happen'd before the least Act of Hostility pass'd on 
our side, And of the sev 11 Matters herein alledged We have a great Number 
of Testimonies (most of them sworn before some Magistrates), W ch will 
give a full Satisfaction of the Facts committed by the Indians. If any 
thing further be necessary I shall be very ready to furnish you with them. 
I have enclosed a Copy of the Declaration of War & the Treaty with the 
Western Tribes of Indians. I am 

Dec. 30, 1723. Sir, 

[The above is in the hand writing of Secretary Willard.] 
Mass. Arch. 72: 147, 148. 


I have herewith enclosed a Scheme for the Disposition of the 
Soldiers that are to be continued in Garrison for the Security of the Towns 
after the Detachments are march'd. You must leave Ord rs with the Com- 
manding Officer that is to stay behiud, that the Garrisons be exactly 
regulated according to the said Scheme; the most effective of the Men re- 
maining after the Detachm t9 are drawn, to be continued, & the Remainder to 
be dismiss'd the Service, You must give Orders that the Duties of Watch- 
ing. Warding, & Scouting, be diligently & faithfully perform'd, upon Peril 
of the Penalties provided in the Law for Punishing Officers and Soldiers. 

As to the twenty Men for the Security of York, Kittery, Wells & Ber- 
wick, they must be imployed as follows: viz. A Corporal & nine Men to 
Scout from the uppermost Garrison at Berwick or Salmon Falls to the 
Garrison at the West Side of Saco lower Falls, the other nine & a Corporal 
to scout from Saco lower Falls to "Berwick uppermost Garrison, W ch 
Scoutings must be constantly perform'd by live in each Party at a Time, 
And a Journal of their Marches & Discoveries must he transmitted once in 
two Months to me, into the Secretaries Office, by each of the Corporals, 
And upon finding the Track or Appearance of any Indians they must im- 
mediately express Advice thereof to the next Commission Officer, The said 
twenty Men to have allowance of Rum. And you are strictly to charge 
the Officers with the foregoing Orders. 

Jan. 24. 1723. [Hand writing of Secretary Willard.] 

Mass. Arch. 72: 150, 151. 

1891.] Letters of CoL Thomas Westbrook and others, 31 

The Disposition of the Forces to be in Garrison after the Detachments 
are march'd. 
At the Garrison'd House on St Georges River, nine, with an Officer 

in Corporals Fay, 10 

At Richmond nine Men & a Corporal, 10 

. x . . , (At Cot. Penhallows, six Men, > -, ft 

At Arrowsick | Afc ^^ three & a Corporalj } ™ 

At the Stone House at Small Point, four Men & a Corporal, 5 
At Falmouth, at Maj r Moodeys, Wasses & Ingersons Garrison, seven 

Men each & three Corporals, 24 

At Papooduch, at Sawyers, & Yorks, four Men & a Corpor 11 , 5 

At Woodsides, at Maquoit, five Men & a Corporal, 6 

At Fort George at Brunswick, fourteen Men & an Officer, 15 

At Spurwink, at M r Jordans, three Men & a Corporal, 4 
At Black Point, Nine Men & a Corporal, three of whom to be at the 

Ferrys when the House there is made defensible, 10 

At Blew Point, at Deerings Block House, a Corp 11 & four Men, 5 

At Scammons, at Saco Ferry, a Corporal & five Men, 6 
At Fort Mary, at "Winter Harbour, an Officer & twelve Men upon the 

. new Establishm* 13 
At Cape Porpoise at Browns. 
Mass. Arch. 72: 152. 

May it Please Your Hon r . Yorke, Jan 77 28 th 1723-4. 

Haveing already acquainted your Hon r with the recep* of some 
of the new rais'd men, I have Sent this to Acq* your Honour that one of 
them (Viz* Elisha Dow, who I receiv'd from Coll Noyce and Posted under 
Leiu* Oliver at Berwick), deserted the 26 th Ins*; as soon as I heard of it, 
I dispacht the bearer with a Warrant to have him Secur'd, and to wait on 
your Hon r with this, after he has made diligent Search. I have receiv'd 
no more men Since my last. 

I am y r Hon" Dutiful humble Serv* 
Mass. Archives, 51 : 387. Tho 9 Westbrook. 

Let there be three Men at M r . Denny s Garrison, so many, at Least 
seems to be necessary ; and Let them be good Men. Whensoever you 
hear anything of importance to the service you will Convey it to me, 
especially now the forces are abroad. 

I am your Hum bl Servant 
Boston feb. 25 th 1723. [ ] 

Capt. Penhallow. 
Mass. Archives, 72 : 165. 


I have Considered your Motion respecting Arrowsick, and Can by 
no means Consent that either of the Garrisons be slighted, which will be 
dishonourable to the Government. You must Command the Inhabitants 
into Garrison, and allow each Fort a Sufficient Defence, And when Coll. 
Westbrook Can Spair the Men, he will leave some recruites with you, as I 
have Ordered him: As to the Fort at Small point, I am Sensible it is of 
Importance, And Should have gladly Continued a Garrison there, If any 
vol. xlv. 4* 

32 Letters of CoL Thomas Westbrook and others. [Jan. 

Provision had bin made to Support it. However I shall have this Matter 
Still in my thoughts. Y" Serv" 

Endorsed — Letter to Cap t Penhallow. [No Signature. 

Boston, March 20, 1723. Probably, copy of a letter 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 389. from Gov. Durnmer.] 


These are to direct you to prepare four several Parties of Men to 
march in quest of the Indians. The main Body to proceed under y™ par- 
ticular Command, to Norridgewock, about the 20 th of April next. At the 
same time or a few Days before, a Party to scout upon Amerescoggin 
River, an other on Saco River & a fourth Party range the Sea Coast to 
the Eastw d of Sagadahock, in Order to surprise the Indians at their Fishing 
& Fowling. Let the several Parties carry a Months Provision & not re- 
turn (but upon some extraordinary Exigence), till it be spent. You must 
give very strict Orders that the Men be silent in their Marches & patient 
& vigilant in their waiting for the Enemy, that if it be possible they make 
a Discovery of themselves by their Fires, but to be sure not by Shooting or 
other Noises. I am inform'd the Indians are removed to a place on Kenne- 
beck River about 100 Miles from Norridgewock, Of which Place I have 
enclosed the Description given me, that you may visit that Place, if it be 
practicable, unless you can meet with the Enemy nearer. You must be 
sure to take L* Bane with you as your Pilot, who knows all that Countrey. 
If there be any "Way, without Hazzarding a Discovery, to get about the 
Enemy & come down upon them, p'haps it may bee the best way. Either 
you or the Party on Amerescoggin* River must visit Medembeseck 
as you shall iinde it proper and practicable. Lett the best of the 
Men bee drawne out for this Service, But be sure not to lessen the 
Number of Soldiers posted for the Defence of York, Berwick & Wells, 
tho' you may exchange them in order to your having the best Men for 
these Marches : The Proportioning the Numbers of the sev 11 Parties & 
the Command of them & other Things, not particularly mention'd, I leave 
entirely tc your Discretion, And lest you sh d want effective Men for this 
Service, I do hereby further Direct you, in that Case, to enlist thirty good 
able Voluntiers in the County of York, And in Order to encourage them, I 
engage that y 7 shall not be obliged to continue in the Service after these 
Marches are over, but be immediately dismiss'd, & you may send them 
upon such a Rout of the four above meution'd places as you shall find 
their Inclinations lead them, & I send you a blauke Commiss 11 for an officer 
that you shall approve, & that will be most likely to engage the Voluntiers for 
this Service. You must be very secret in this whole Affair & not commit the 
Knowledge of it to any Persons living, sooner, nor any further than is abso- 
lutely necessary, & It will be best to make some Feints, in Order to 
prevent any Suspicion of the true Design. Let every Thing be getting 
ready against the Time, that so the Service may not suffer by a Delay, & 
if you Stand in need of anything from hence Lett me know forthwith. 
Lett that Party to bee to the Eastward of Sagadehock bee Compleated by 
the supernumerarys now abo 4 Georges Fort. This Comes to you by Leiu* 
[ ] Kenedy, to whome I have given a Commiss 11 to bee Leif 1 to 

Moulton, & I now inclose you a Commiss" for Moultou to Command that 
Comp a that was Barkers, & I doubt not but they will both of them in their 

* Now Androscoggin. 

1891.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbroofc and others. 33 

Stations render their Country good Service. I had an Inclination now to 
have promoted Jo. Bean, but was loath at this Juncture to Loose the Ser- 
vice of soe good an officer as I take Kenedy* to bee from your Com- 
mendation & others. I have also given a Cap t8 Commiss. to [ 
Bourne to Succeed Moulton, the Command of those Men at Yorke. 
[March 20, 1723-1.] [Hand writing of Secretary Willard.] 

Mass. Arch. 72: 166, 167. 

Sir, Arundal, Mch 23 d 1721. 

This day being up at M r Perkins Sawmill and returning back 
five men together, a Scout of Indians fired on them and wounded Sarj 1 
Sam 11 Smith very badly. I being Inform'd went directly out and could not 
meet with them but brought the wounded man home. 

from vS r your Hum bl Serv 1 . Allison Brown. 

To Coll Thomas Westbrook. (A True Coppy) 

Town Clk. 

Sir, Falmouth, M ch 21, 1724. 

You are to see y* the Soldiers under your Command keep a very 
strict watch & ward lest the Enemy should Surprise any of our People, 
w ch is to be fear'd. Given under my hand, 

A true Coppy. Tho 3 Westbrook. 

Mass. Arch. 51: 390. 

May it please your Hon r Falmouth, March 29, 172-1. 

My last Inform'd of my Arrival here and my Makeing the best of 
my way to visit all the Frontiers, but I have been stopt by a long and 
Tedious storme, notwithstanding, I wrote Orders to all the Officers on the 
24 th Ins 1 about eleven a Clock, and about three a Clock in The Afternoon, 
wee heard an Alarm from the Westward, but could not hear the Occasion 
of it till the 27 th Currant, whereof I Enclose a Coppy. They have taken 
a great deal of pains to get a Docter for the wounded man. They went 
to Portsmouth and brought one as far as York, and there he was taken sick, 
so they return'd and went as far as Greenland, but could get none from 
thence; they came to Falmouth for Docter Negus, who was takeu sick the 
27 th Ins*, and died the 29 th , between Eight & nine a Clock in the Morn- 
ing. Wee have had an Instance of the like Sudden death in the Past week, 
a Stout man about twenty-live years of Age was takeu sick and died in 
about forty hours. Wee stand in Absolute necessity of Two Docters to 
visit the sundry sick amoug us and likewise to Dress the wounded man, 
Docter Bullmau haveing his hands full at Richmond & Arrowsick. I 
doubt not but your Hou r will take speedy care to send them. I wait with 
Patience as it is my duty to hear what your Hon" pleasure is relating to the 
Affairs in these frontiers. If Docter Moody be not Engag'd he would be 
very Acceptable, in general, wee haveing had Experience of him last Sum- 
mer, and his Practice generally Attended with success. 

I am your Hon r8 most dutiful and Humble Servant 
Mass. Archives, 51 : 392. Tho 8 Westbrook. 

34 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [Jan. 

May it Please your Hon' Falm , April 1 st , 1724. 

My last of the 29 th of March Inform'd of the death of Docter 
Negus, and sundry sick people that wauted a Docter, and not haveing 
heard from Richmond in Plight or Ten days, I had some small hopes that 
Docter Bullman might be spar'd to make a visit to Falm , to give direc- 
tions what might be best to do for the sick; but when the Express arrived 
there they found two men had lately died, and that Cap tn Heaths brother 
and two or three more were still sick. Captain Penhallow writes me that 
there were several sick at Arrowsick, so y* Docter Bullman could not be 
spar'd. Here is no less than Ten or Twelve sick, several of them are 
recovering. Cap ta Penhallow Judges y* the Indians was about there garri- 
sons. On the 29th tn of March 1 directed Cap tn Gray to write to Cap ta 
Heath, to let me know what forwardness he had got the garrison in. In 
answ r to it, he Informs him, that the house design'd for the Maquois, he 
hop't would be finish t in ten days, and all the rest of the work by the last 
of May. I suppose the bad weather and sickness has put him back. The 
Inclos'd is a request of M r Davenport* for a Pass to Boston, he being but 
just come down, and it being a sickly time amongst us I thought it best to 
Inform your Hon r of his request According to your Hon" ord r to make him 
a Sarjeant. I have done it and shall rejoyce if he shou'd carry himselfe so 
that he might be worthy a better post. 

I am your Hon" dutifull Humb 1 Servant, 

Tho. Westbrook. 

P.. S. I wait for a wind to go westward as far as York, so that I might 
get to Berwick to visit all y e frontiers. 
Mass. Archives, 51: 393. 

Falm°. April y e 2 d . 1724. 
May it please your Hon r , 

I rec'd your Letters & orders dated the 20 th of March last on the 
first of this Ins 4 , and am heartily sorry wee have not a sufficient numb r of 
men to pursue every part of them, for wee have not more then will be 
sufficient to waylay Saco & Amuscoggin rivers & keep our garrisons, for in 
my Letter of the 25 th of March I gave an Account of as Small a number 
as I thought necessary to be on those rivers and which ar as many as I can 
possibly draw and leave the garrisons and Towns their Quota, as your hon r 
has ordered, there being but three Comp ys to march if full is 150, and your 
Honours orders is, that the garrisons of York, Wells, and Berwick be not 
lessned, which I believe are as few as can be for their security; all the 
other Towns and garrisons are not better provided for, altho' more 
Expos'd, and had I rec'd the 114 men according to your Hon" Letter to 
me some time since, I should not have had more then the o Comp ys full, 
but I want Twelve of them, and I believe your Hon' has dismist ten or 
twelve more, and it has pleas'd God to take of Eleven or Twelve by death, 
so that the raising of 30 men more will but make up the old Number; 
theres 15 men out of the Marching Comp- V8 to Cover Dunstou, Scales, and 
Mitchels, and they are daily beging for more, and my orders is to Call 
them off to march, which if done they must draw off also; we have not less 
then 30 men sick so that they are not fitt for any service but must be 
tended. I have my Journal and Enclos'd an Acc { of those deceast, taken 

* The request of Richard Davenport is directed " To the EL onbU » Thomas Westbrook 
Corinall. and Command* of his magisties forces." 

A 70 k.r'i'7 

1891.] The Blake Family in England, 35 

Captive, & deserted, since I gave in my Account ; by This, and what I 
have already writt your Hon r may see how wee are decreast. The thirteen 
men that I enlisted to stay at Georges on Ace 1 of the proprietors, in the 
fall, I promist to release in the Springe, and they now Claim it of me, w ch 
I must Entreat you please to Enable me to p'form. 

I am your Hou rs dutifull acd Humb 1 Serv*, 

Tho 8 Westbrook. 
P. S. April 5 th Since the above was written I am got to Cape Porpoise. 
I believe I can Enlist the number of Thirty men & more, generally young 
men, and such as must leave the County if not Enlisted; some of them may 
be desirous of a dismission in a Short time, others may be willing to stay 
longer, so that what I Enlist shall be Conditionally, either to be dismist in 
a Short time, or to stay longer as your Hon r shall see cause and their In- 
clinations shall lead them as to the time. The wounded man died the 1 st 
Inst*. I am afraid for want of a Docter. Serf Brown was oblig'd to press a 
Sloop to Carry him to Portsm . 

Mass. Archives, 51 : 394-0. 

[To be continued.] 


By Francis E. Blake, Esq., of Boston. 

In a ^Genealogical History of William Blake of Dorchester, " 
published in 1857, appears the statement that the emigrant to New 
England was the son of Giles Blake of Little Baddow, Essex, and 
the record of several generations of the family is given. The sab- 
stance of this record is trustworthy as being a copy from "Morant's 
History of Essex," but the statement that the Dorchester settler was 
of this family was unwarranted by any evidence. Subsequently the 
late H. G. Somerby, Esq., by request of Stanton Blake, Esq., made 
extended researches in England to determine the origin of the 
American family. He finally located it at Over Stowey, Somerset, 
and the results of his investigations were published in 1881, by W. 
H. Whitmore, Esq., in "A Record of the Blakes of Somersetshire." 

The evidences upon which Mr. Somerby based his conclusions 
were, first, the record of a baptism in 1594, at Over Stowey, of a 
William Blake (son of Robert and grandson of John), the date cor- 
responding to the age of the emigrant at death ; and second, the fact 
that a sister of this William, in her will of date 1647, mentioned a 
"brother in New England," no name however being given. While 
this evidence was not all that could be desired, it was generally 
accepted as correct, and the pedigree has been copied in several other 
genealogical publications. 

In 1881, Rev. Charles M. Blake, U. S. A., while visiting in 
England, was shown by William Blake, Esq., of South Petherton, 
a genealogical chart of the "Blakes of Somersetshire," prepared by 
William Arthur Jones, Esq., A.M. 

36 The Blake Family in England. [Jan. 

An examination of this chart led Mr. Blake to visit Pitminster, 
four miles from Taunton, where he found upon the parish registers 
sufficient evidence to convince him that this was the early home of 
his ancestor William Blake, but he was unable at that time to give 
the matter further attention. 

Recently, investigations have been made by the writer, through 
correspondence with the vicar of the parish, and with Edward J, 
Blake, Esq., of Crewkerne. The latter himself examined the regis- 
ters of Pitminster, and Over Stowey, and he has had a careful 
examination made of wills and other original sources of information, 
for the purpose of determining his own line of descent and verifying 
the chart referred to. The result of these researches, so far as relates 
to the American family, has been very courteously copied for the 
writer and forms the basis of this article. 

Mr. Somerby's record of the baptism of a William at Over 
Stowey, June 5, 1594, was found to be correct, but unfortunately 
he overlooked this subsequent entry : 

" 1617, William Blake the sonne of Robert Blake was buried the 

of Aprill." 

As this record effectually disposes of this William, we are forced 
to look elsewhere for the emigrant. 

On page 14 of Mr. Somerby's notes the statement is made that 
William the son of John 9 and brother of Robert above named died 
at Bishops Lydiard, leaving a widow Joan, but no children. 

A close examination of the records discloses the following facts. 
By the will of John, 9 his son William received lands at Bishops 
Lydiard, at Plainfield in Over Stowey, and at Padnoller in the parish 
of Spaxton. !Now in the will of William of Bishops Lydiard, 
referred to by Mr. Somerby, date 13th June, 1618, and proved in 
Septrmber following by Joan his widow, he is described as a yeoman^ 
and bequeaths three acres at Hillfareuce which he bought, and his 
land at Risim, with sundry small gifts to friends. He mentions 
"Philipp Sully, my boye," but no children. 

It will be noticed that this William held an entirely different social 
position from the Blakes of Over Stowey, and in the disposition of 
his property made no mention of the lands which John Blake 9 gave 
to his son William. 

Furthermore, we have an abstract of a will of a William Blake of 
Histoji, proved at Taunton, May, 1572, in which is a bequest to 
f "my sonne "Willy am." Riston is near Taunton, and not more than 
seven or eight miles from Bishops Lydiard and is undoubtedly the 
same place described as Risun in the will of 1618. 

From these facts it is quite reasonable to think that the William 
who died in 1618 at Bishops Lydiard without children was the son 
of William of Riston, but certainly not the son of John 9 of Over 

1891.] . The Blake Family in England. 37 

The records of Over Stowey furnish no evidence whatever in 
regard to John's son, but the Taunton Manor Kolls show that a 
William Blake bought property at Pitminster, in 1586. The parish 
registers of Pitminster, which begin in the year 1544, are in a very 
good state of preservation, but there is not a single Blake entry 
(with the exception of a Mary Blake, daughter of Kichard, who was 
buried in 1574) until the year 1588, when Grace a daughter of Wil- 
liam was baptized. It is supposed that this William was the son 
of John, 9 that he went to Pitminster to reside about the time of 
the purchase of the estate there in 1586, aDd there had the 
children named below. This theory wa3 adopted by Mr. Jones in 
preparing his chart, and also by Mr. Blake whose investigations 
have been made independently of all previous labor in this direction, 
and it is hoped that this may soon be verified by record evidence. 

The following records relating to this branch of the family appear 
upon the parish register at Pitminster : 

Aono Domio. 

1588. Grace Biake, daughter of Willrn Blake was baptized the 9 th day 
of February. 

1592. Eme Blake, daughter of William Blake was baptized the third 
day of December. 

1594. William Blake, sou of William Blake was baptized the 10 th day 
of July. 

1597. John Blake son of William Blake was baptized the fifteenth day 
of June. 

1600. Ane Blaak, daughter of William Blaak was baptized tl\e six- 
teenth day of October. 

1603. Richard Blaak, sou of William Blaak was baptized the seven- 
teenth day of Aprill. 

3 617. William Blake was married to Agnis Bond widow the 27 th day 
of September. 

1618. John Blake, sonne of William Blake, and Ann Blake daughter 
of William Blake were baptised the day of August. 

.1620. William Blake sonne of William Blake was baptised the 6 th of 

1624. James Blake sonne of William Blake was baptised 27 th April. 

With this record from Pitminster before us, there cannot be a 
shadow of doubt that we have here the family of William of Dor- 
chester. We know that he had a wife Agnes, and children John, 
Ann, William and James, and to make the case still stronger, the 
age of the father at death, and also of three of the children, Ann, 
William and James, corresponds with the date of the baptism at 

No record has been found of the baptism of Edward, another son 
of William and Agnes, but it is supposed that he was born in Eng- 

38 Hugh Maxwell, [Jan. 

land, as there is no evidence of the father being in this country 
previous to the year 1636, the statement that he came in the "Mary 
and John" in 1630 being without foundation. 

Following the notes of Mr. Somerby, with the substitution of 
William 10 for "Robert, 10 the line of descent will stand as follows : 
Eobert, 1 Henry, 2 William, 3 Henry, 1 Robert, 5 William, 3 William, 7 
Humphrey 8 (great-grandfather of the Admiral), John, 9 William, 10 
William 11 of Dorchester. 

Or to state the matter more simply, the emigrant is now traced 
as being the grandson of John Blake of Over Stowey, through his 
son William, instead of beinsr so deduced through his son Robert. 
But all the pedigree anterior to the grandfather John is not aifected 
by this correction. 

Patriot and Soldier of the Revolution. 

By Edward P. Guild, Esq., of Reading, Mass. 

Among those who left the shores of the Old World for the New, in the 
first half of the' eighteenth century, was Hugh Maxwell of Alinterhurn, 
Tyrone County, Ireland. With his wife and three children, the youngest only 
six weeks old, he sailed for America in the year 1738, and settled in the 
town of Bedford, Massachusetts. The infant son, also named Hugh, born 
April 27, 1733, was destined to become one of this country's most sturdy 
patriots and defenders. 

Like Washington, he became early in life a surveyor, but at his country's 
call for soldiers, discarded the compass and chain for the musket and the 
sword. He enlisted at the breaking out of the French and Indian war in 
1754, and served for five years. At its close he married Miss Bridget 
Munroe of Lexington, and purchased a farm in Chariemont, Hampshire, 
now Franklin, County. He was a man who closely watched and studied pub- 
lic affairs, and was the only subscriber to a Boston newspaper in his town. 
He was eminently patriotic, had a wide influence with his fellow settlers, 
and Samuel Adams himself was no firmer a foe to the encroachments of 
British rule than was Hugh Maxwell. When the first Provincial Congress 
was convened at Salem in 1774, Maxwell was a member, and he took an 
active part in the proceedings. Provision was then made for organizing 
and equipping companies of minute men, and upon his return home he 
assisted in forming such a company of which he was made lieutenant. 
Then, with knapsacks, cartridges and guns ready to seize at a minute's 
notice, they waited the expected summons from the vicinity of Boston. It 
came from Lexington on the memorable 19th of April. Maxwell marched 
with his company at once, and joined Prescott's regiment at Cambridge. 
He had entered the army leaving at home his wife with an infant only one 
day old, and his oldest child, a daughter, only eleven. Their house was 
small.: water had to be brought twenty rods, grain must be carried five 
miles to mill, and they had no money. But to hardship and deprivation 
was to be added the anxiety which came with the news that the husband 

1891.] Hugh Maxwell. 39 

and father had been dangerously wounded. This was at the battle of 
Bunker Hill. During the action, Lieut. Maxwell was shot through his 
rh r ht shoulder. He was without his coat at the time, but though his arm 
dropped and hung useless at his side, he walked through the flying bullets to 
the spot where he had laid his coat, and picking it up marched off the hill with 
the retreating army. His wound was severe, and his life was for days in great 
danger; but he recovered, although never after able to do the work of a 
farmer. Nine pieces of bone were extracted from his shoulder, some of 
them an inch long. But he had no thought other than to serve his country. 
In September he was able to reach home only to remain a few weeks, and 
then again join the army. His family was again left to endure great 
hardships. The barn was built seventy rods from the house with the in- 
tention of building a new house near to it; this distance must be travelled 
twice a day, often through snows so deep that Mrs. Maxwell or her oldest 
daughter must go on hands and knees over the drifts; their wood was in 
lar«:e lc^s, green and covered with snow, and the fire must never be suffered 
to go out or the family would freeze; and grain had to be procured at a 
distance of seven or eight miles. 

On his return to the army, Lieut. Maxwell received a captain's com- 
mission, and with his company was stationed at Sewall's Point. In one of 
his letters he says : 

" We have lately had a heavy cannonade from the enemy; they gave us more 
than eleven hundred cannon shot one night; over nine hundred were picked up 
the next day, and in all that night's firing they did not hit but four men, and 
these went to the top of the hill and made a tire in open sight of the enemy, and 
were all killed by one shot." 

In March, 1776, the British evacuated Boston, and Washington who 
had been quartered all winter in Cambridge, entered Boston amid the 
enthusiasm of the inhabitants. Then anticipating that the enemy would 
make an effort to seize New York, the Commander-in-Chief proceeded with 
his army to that city and prepared for its defence. Capt. Maxwell was 
stationed on Governor's Island. In August the British landed at Grave- 
send, Long Island, and in a battle on the 27th defeated the Americans. 
After the troops had been carried across the East River they were obliged 
to again retreat from New York, and Maxwell narrowly escaped being 
taken a prisoner, as, on account of illness his strength would not allow 
him to keep with the retreating army; but he was saved by the faithfulness 
of his servant who carried him on his back whenever he sank from ex- 
haustion, and at last got him to a place of safety. Maxwell fought bravely 
at Princeton and Trenton, and in 1777 went with the brigade to which he 
belonged to join General Gates in the campaign against Burgoyne in the 
north. He was at Monmouth, and he was one of those. who survived the 
sufferings of that winter at Valley Forge. 

In 1779 he was promoted to the rank of major and was under the com- 
mand of General Heath on the Hudson. Here he was assigned to duties 
demanding the greatest vigilance and prudence, courage and integrity, and 
for the faithful discharge of these duties he gained not only the friendship 
but the highest esteem of General Heath. In a letter to him, twenty years 
later, Heath says : 

" I well know your long and faithful services in the army, and how often I 
have slept without apprehension of being surprised, because you guarded the 
out-post, and I knew that the enemy would not be allowed to evade your vigi- 

VOL. XLV. 5 

40 Hugh Maxwell, [Jan. 

In January. 1781, an attack was made by Maxwell's regiment on a de- 
tachment of British under Colonel Delancey at Morrisania. An officer was 
afterwards sent from the British lines with a flag of truce. Meeting Major 
Maxwell and speaking of the recent attack, the Briton admitted that he 
had fled in his night-gown. ;; Ah," said Maxwell, "is that British disci- 
pline? An officer on the lines undress and go to bed !" The officer re- 
plied, " TVe will take you so, some time or other." Said Maxwell, " If you 
ever take me on the lines in the night, you shall find me dressed through- 
out, with coats and spurs on, my pistols loaded at my pillow, and my horse 
saddled at the door." 

At auother time Major Maxwell was reconnoitering with his detachment 
when he was surprised by the close approach of the enemy in large num- 
bers. There was no way of retreat, to fight was out of the question, and 
he had recourse to stratagem. Marching to the top of a hill, he ordered 
his men to stack their arms, then some of them to lie on the ground at 
their ease, others to engage in wrestling, pitching quoits and other sports in 
a careless and indifferent manner. The enemy came to the front of the 
hill and halted, the officers held a consultation, and then faced about and 
marched off ! It was afterwards definitely learned that the British officers 
had considered the seeming inattention of Major Maxwell's men as being a 
ruse to decoy them into an ambush. 

The end of the war was reached in 1783, and Maxwell left the army 
with the commission of a lieutenant-colonel, to take rank Oct. 12, 1782. 
So, after a service of nine years in the war of the Revolution, making, to- 
gether with his service in the French and Indian war, fourteen years of 
hard fighting for his country, he returned to his family resolved that the 
deprivations of his wife and children should be at an end. But they had 
yet many hardships and perplexities. In common with other soldiers, he 
had been paid at the close of the war with paper money which depreciated 
greatly in value. Then, with his generous nature, he loaned considerable 
amounts to friends which were never repaid and finally brought him to very 
straitened circumstances. On Dec. 29th, 1794, he left home for Philadel- 
phia to petition Congress for a pension. But while there, a law was passed 
which prevented any officer from receiving a pension until he should have 
return id his commutation to the Treasury. This deprived him of the com- 
pensation which he expected and believed his due. In a letter written 
soon after to Hon. John Lowell, of Boston, he says: 

" I do not lament that I have fought -many a hard battle for this country. I 
do not lament that in sundry instances I have suffered almost everything but 
death, in the service of these states, for I did my duty like an honest man. But 
still I did expect the promised reward. Still am I persuaded a reward from 
America is my due . . . Half pay as a Lieut. -Colonel is what I challenge as my 
honest reward from the beginning of 1784, during my natural life ; it is due to my 
wife; it is due to my children. And may God grant that this or some future 
Congress may see it to be so, and conduct accordingly. But still I say, and will 
teach my children to say, — May the richest blessings of Heaven be poured 
down on the United States of North America." 

In 1799 he resolved upon a venture with the view of relieving his finan- 
cial embarrassment. He purchased some horses and with them embarked 
on board a vessel at Hartford for the West Indies. He sailed in July, had 
a prosperous voyage, and was within three days of port on his return when 
he wa3 stricken with a fever. He died on the same day, October 14, 1799, 
and was buried at sea. 

1891.] The Baffin Family. 41 

Colonel Hugh Maxwell was a man who possessed the elements of leader- 
ship in a large degree. It was due to his influence that, in the years of and 
preceding the Revolution, not a Tory was to be found in his town or the 
region round about. His services throughout the long struggle for inde- 
pendence were of great value to the cause, and it was due to no lack of 
ability, valor, or experience that he did not become a general. But 
there were not many, even of those who gained a higher military rank, 
who stood by their country more firmly in the long and dark years, or who 
inspired their comrades with more patriotic zeal than did this faithful 
soldier. When he returned to his home after the war was ended, he was 
honored and trusted in civil life as he had been on the field. In 1785 he 
went to Boston and obtained the charter of a new town which was set off 
from Charlemont on the north and which included his house. This town 
was named Heath in honor of his old General. In the church which was 
there formed he was the senior deacon ; he was also town clerk for many 
years, and was commissioned in 1785 as justice of the peace for Hampshire 
County, and in this capacity took an active part in regard to Shays's Rebel- 
lion and its participants, receiving from the insurgents their arms and 
administering the oath in that county. Colonel Maxwell became also a 
member of the Society of the Cincinnati. 

A monument was erected to his memory on July 4, 1859, in the " South 
Burying Ground " in Heath. On one side of the shaft is a long inscription, 
of which these are the closing words : 

"A Christian Patriot and Christian Soldier: honored his God; served his 
country ; loved his family. To duty was ever true ; to his posterity his mcmory 
is a rich inheritance. May they emulate his virtues." 


By Isjlac J. Greenwood, A.M., of New York City. 

The following is copied from Seymour's "Survey of London" (1735), 
Vol. II., page 718: 

" On a grey Marble Tombstone, a pretty way Southward from the East End 
of the Church of St. Dunstan's Stepney, is this Inscription : 
Here Thomas Saffin lyes interr'd : Ah ! why, 
Born in New England, did in London dy? 
Was the third Son of Eight, begot upon 
His Mother Martha by his Father John. 
Much f avour'cl by his Prince he got to be ; 
But nipt by Death at th' Age of twenty-three. 
Fatal to him was that we small-pox name, 
By which his Mother and two Brethren came 
Also to breathe their last, nine years before ; 
And now have left their Father to deplore 
The Loss of all his Children, with that Wife, 
Who was the Joy and Comfort of his Life. 
Deceased (June the 18), 1687. 

v — l !? 01 * 6 are these Arms : Thre e Crescents, each surmounted by an Estoile of 
tight 1 omts ; impaled with a Lion Rampant, in chief an Estoile of Eight Raves, 
surmounting a Crown Muratl." 

Either the impaled arms have been wrongly cut on the stone, or the 
above heraldic description is at fault. The Saffin family of Wolf-Heriston, 
co. Somers, according to Burke's Gen. Armory, bore arms: Az. three 

42 The Saffin Family, [Jan. 

crescents ar. jessant as many estoiles or. Crest. — On a mural coronet ppr. 
an estoile of sixteen rays or; these are given in the Visitation of Devon, 
1564; Brit. Mus. Harl. MS. 1091, fo. 133b. The tombstone armorials 
agree with those occurring on a piece of silver plate, still in preservation, 
and referred to in the Heraldic Jour. (Boston, 18G8), iv. 42 ; though again 
there is some discrepancy as to the impaled arms. 

The epitaph, as printed above, differs slightly from what has already 
appeared in the Register, iv. 109; the latter agreeing with Cheswell's 
"New View of London" (1708), i. 224. It was also published in the 
Spectator, No. 518 (1712), and is there spoken of as being "in the dif- 
fused and luxuriant stile, with much of the simple and pathetic." Still 
legible in 1796, according to Lyson's " Environs of Loudon," it had 
attracted the attention of Dr. S. Johnson, whose observation, on reading the 
second line, was "I do not wonder at this; it would have been strange if, 
born in Loudon, he had died in New England." If the witty Doctor's perspi- 
cacity had only informed us, as to what event in the deceased's life the fifth 
line of the epitaph refers, we would have been more edified. The stone 
was set up some time after the death of Thomas Saffin, for it refers to the 
loss of all John Saffin's children, whereas we learn from Sewall's Diary 
that "his only surviving son," name not given, was buried in Boston, Oct. 
15, 1687, just about which time arrived the news of Thomas Saffin's death 
in London. Thomas was born in Boston, March 18, 1664; among the 
other children was Symon, born April 4, 1666. The last was a family 
name, aud in the Camden Visitation of Devon, 1620, we have George, son 
of Simon Saffin of Woolverstou, in com. Som.,* a place located on the 
Frome, just south of Philips-Norton. Jan. 15, 1638-9, Henry Ayshford, 
Dept. Lt. of Devon and Col. of a regiment in the eastern division of that 
county, reported to the Council that Edward Saffyn, John Saffyn, and 
Chris. Dabbinett, of Cullompton, and John Dunn of Willand, refractory at 
musters, have conformed and paid messengers' fees. — Col. of State Papers, 

Nathaniel Powell (or Ap. Howell), esq., of Ewhurst. in' Sussex, etc., created 
a Baronet in 1661, was the son of Meredith Powell, Esq., of Brampton 
.Half, ci >. Somers., who m. Alice, dau. of John Saffin of Culhampton, Devon. 
The Powell arms were, gu. a lion rampant regardant or, as descended from 
Ethelystan Glodrydd, Tributary Prince of Ferlys. 

During the first half of the 18th century, Thomas Saffin and Mrs. Saffin 
gave each 100 1. towards support of the Episcopal charity schools at 
Exeter, co. Devon, and a like sum was given in 1742 by Penelope 
Saffin, to found a school for education of 12 children at Axminster in same 

As to the New England settler, John Saffin, who was probably in 
Scituate as early as 1643, much can be gleaned from the Register, iv. 
109; viii. 65; xxxi. 115; also Sewall's Diary, Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., and 
the Record Com. Reports of Boston. He was one of those who in right 
of Maj. Humphrey Atherton, and by grant from the native princes, held 
part of the lands of the Narragansett, etc., and proposed, 1663-65, to 
improve it into an English Colony and Plantation. Dec. 30, 1701, the 
name occurs in an address to King William III. by his Protestant subjects 
of New York and vicinity. — N. Y. Col. MS. iv. 935. 

Saffin is a name rarely met with, and is not found in the Index of the 
Gent.'s Magazine from 1731-1818. 

♦ Brit. Mus. Harl. MS., 1103, fo. 244. 

1891.] Sexto7is' Boole, First Church, Elizabeth, JV. J. 43 


Communicated by Edmund Janes Cleveland, of Hartford, Conn. 
[Continued from page 360.] 






Wife of Henry Insley 



Woman at Mrs. Noels 



Mother in law of Isaac Broeaw 


Wife of Capt. Henry 



Wife of Samuel Sargant 




Wife of Joseph Stackhouse 



Timothy Ogden 



Wife of Benjamin Mulford 



Child of David Mulford 

a ■ 

Aug 1 


Child of Capt. Henry 


Son of Capt 11 Jacob Crane 

i i 


John Megie 

Sept r 


James Wilson 


Child of Thomas Qui^ley 

Oct r 


Child of Henry Willis 

Nov r 


Benj n [Norton] Cleveland 


[Great-great-grandfather of Mary 3 Stilwell, wife of Thomas Alva Edison, 
inventor; and great-grandfather of Edmund Janes 7 Cleveland (Joseph, 6 Benja- 
min Norton, 5 Benjamin Norton, 4 Icbabod, 3 Moses, 2 Moses, 1 of Woburn, Mass., 

Rev d James Caldwell [pastor of the 

Two persons from N. York 
Mother of Elias Morgan 
Child of Henry Williams 
Wife of David" Meeker 

David Williams 
Wife of Robert Ogden Jun r 

Widow Ogden 
Child of Stephen~Crane 
Child of Anthony Clawson 
Child of Anthony Morehouse 
M 73 Nomard at M r Durreli's 




1 — 1 















Feb 7 


i — i 


25 1 


20 | 

Shot by a 




Sextons Boolc y First Church, Elizabeth, IT. J. [Jan. 





Mother of Jonathan Peir 

Child of Benf Hatfield 
Child of John Mulford 
David Arnet age 24 con 

Child of Matthias Spinning 
John Megie 
Child of Joseph Ogden 
Jacob Woodruff 
Child of Doct r Halstead 
Mother in law of Edward 

Wife of John Burrows 
Child of John Oliver 
Child of Anthony Price 
Child of William Hallbrook 
Wife of Samuel Lee 
Child of Michael Megie 
Child of William Remsden 
Child of Capt. Jon 11 Peirson 
Child of Mary Bowman 
Child of George Everson 
Child of Moses Conklin 
Son of Stephen Potter 
Wife of Daniel Halsen 
Matthas Joline 
Child of Garret Kipp 
Benjamin Crane 
Children of David Williams 
Eliot Crissey 
Benjamin Hatfield 
Wife of Capt John Potter 
Widow of Nehemiah Wade 
Joseph Magie 
Wife of Abraham Marsh 
Child of Jonas Wood 

Mrs. Winans 
Wife of Benf Magie 
Wife of Capt. Dickey 
Isaac Scudder 
Wife of Barnabas Ogden 
Child of Anthony Price 
[Hannah] Mother of Aaron 

Child of Henry Insley 
Child of John Donnington 
Widow of Joseph Magie 
Woman at John Leightens 

























12 | 

13 j 
19 I 

11 I 





Wife & child of Capt. Jon 

Wife of Jedidiah Winans 
Child of Michael Woodruff] 
Child of Thomas Eaton 
Son in law of John Blan- 
ch ard 

Child of Jedidiah Williams 
Child of Master Swan 
Man at David Chandlers 
Child of Robert Spencer 
Son of Joseph Edwards 
Mother of Isaac Hatfield 
Benj n Frazer 
Wife of Wm Ogden 
Child of Moses Hatfield 
Wife of Joseph Cory 
Child of Silas Halsey 
Aaron Woodruff 
Child of Matthias Lyon 
Abraham Crane 
Patty one of the poor 
Wife of Nathaniel Higgius 
Child of Joshua Conkling 
Child of W m Halbrook " 
Sally Ross 

Child of Jouas Wood 
Child of Robert Miller 
Child of James Morehouse 
Child of Thomas Mulford 
Child of M" Green 
Mother of Jonas Meeker 
Widow Clark 

Wife of Price dau. of 

J. Locker 
Abner Hatfield 
Sister of Joseph Meeker 
Elias Winans 


Child of W m Foster 
Child of Joseph Meeker 
Mother of Ichabod Grum- 

Child of David Ross 
Child of Capt John Potter 
Elizabeth Price 
Negro Girl of Joseph 







































1891.] Sextons' Book, First Church, Elizabeth, JV. J. 45 








Wife of Daniel Davis 


18 ( 



Child of David Price 



Child of Capt. Jer r Ballard 


Child of Jacob Tunis 


Child of Ralph Price age 



Father of Joseph Ogden 


11 mo. 

Child of John Spinning 



Robert Little 


Child of Samuel Smith 


Son of Benjamin Corey 


Child of Rob* Spencer 


Wife of Moses Meeker 

Child of Robert Little 


6 | Child of Henrv Norris 


Ebenezer Spinning 

7 | Child of Joseph Wood 


Child of Daniel Davis 


121 Child of Capt. Bell 



Brother of Elihu Bond 


18 1 Child of Robert Quigley 


Moses Connet a^e 40 


Child of Jonathan More- 


Sister of M rs Quigley 




Abraham Marsh 


Child of Benjamin Mulford 


Child of Anthony Price 


Child of Barnabas Ogden 


Dau. of M™ Graham 



Dau. of David Meeker 



Child of Hannah Conley 


Dau. of Caleb Halsted 


Child of Major W m Crane 


Son of Elias Winans Jr. 



Child of Robert Ogden Jr. 


Child of Amos Clark 


Child of William Brown 



Child of Capt. Thomas 



Samuel Comstock 



Child of John Stuart 


Child of Abner Bonnel 



Wife of Robert Spencer 


David Crane 



Mrs. Watkins 


David Chandler 



Child of Silas Halsey 


Mother of Samuel Smith 



Wife of David Ross Jr. 



Stephen Passel [Parcell] 



Wife of Luther Halsey 


Mrs. Carmicle 


Wife of John Clawson 


Child of Joseph Oliver 


Child of Phebe Morehouse 



Widow Morton 


Child of Luther Halsey 


Child of Jedidiah Williams 



Widow of Stephen Passel 


Dau. of Benjamin Spinning 




Z i 

Joseph Crane 


Dau. of Col. Spencer 



Child of Benjamin Megie 


Wife of David Edwards 


Child of James Winans 


Wife of Jacob Woodruff 


Child of Dr. John Clark 


Mary wid. of Jon n Dayton 



Son of Obadiah Meeker 



Wife of William Meeker 


Child of Maj. W m Crane 


M r Courtman 


David Chandler 

Son of Jonathan Winans 



Child of Ezekiei Woodruff 


Child of Courtland Vanars- 


Wife's sister of Moses 





Ichabod Grammon 


Wife of Benjamin Winans 


Daniel Thompson Jr. 


Wife of John Blanchard 





Dau. of Abraham Tucker 



Child of Thomas Quigley 



Child of Daniel Britton 



Wife of David Spencer 


Dau. of John Robertson 


Joseph Conkliu 


Alan d. at Elihu Pierson's 


Child of Samuel Halsey 


Child of Elihu Woodruff 



Child of Samuel Morehouse 




Sextons' Book, First Church , Elizabeth, JST. J. [Jan, 







Child of Farriugton Price 



Stephen Williams 



Umphrey Spinning 


Child of Mai. Wm Crane 


Child of David Edwards 

26 ( 



Black woman of Isaac Bro- 


Child of Rachel Woodruff 



Child of Capt. John Wiley 


Wife of Ezekiel Baker 


3 | Child of W m L. Ogden 


Jonathan Meeker 

12 | Widow Littel 



Timothy Harrison 

16 Child of James Williams 


Child of Benjamin Mulford 

18 Child of M r Murdock 


Child of Capt. David Lyon 


17 | Child of Col. Mat 3 Ogden 


Moses Winans 

27 Child of Alexander Scott 


Child of John Chandler 


27 ! Joseph Wood 


Child of Ezekiel Baker 


2 Wife of Farrington Price 



Father of John Smith 

15 | Widow of Daniel Price 


Wife of Samuel Bonn el 

17 | Wife of Dr. Jon n T. Dayton 



Child of Farrington Price 


26 j Child of James Winans 



Son of John Boyd 

30 | Jonathan Peirson 



Child of Lewis Looker 


8 i Wife of Carmen 


Stephen Haines Jr. 

21 | Child of Smith 



Dan. of Joshua Winans 


5 ; Child of James Hugbey 


Wife of Jonathan Miller 

29 i Child of John Sofer 



Child of wid. Sarah Winans 


9 1 Lewis Mulford 


Black woman of Maj. Hat- 


Father of Jacob Ogden 



Jonathan Ogden 


Ebenezer Price 


Jacob Woodruff May 


Negro child property of 


Matthias Bonnel j June 


wid. Jon 11 Magie 


2 | Child of Josiah Meeker 


Mrs. Limington 

3 Mother of Thomas Crowelll 


Negro man of Charles 

. Child of Jacob Crane 



James Smith 


Sister of John Cooper 


Wife of Daniel Moore 
| Gov r William Livingston 





Ichabod Ogden 

13 Child of John Smith 



Elias Winans 

14 Child of Enoch Williams 


Mary Cooley 


9 j Child of Benjamin Spin- 



Benjamin Williams 

24 ning Jr. 

Benj n Willis 


9 : Child of Caleb Halsted 


Child of Samuel Bonnel 

May 18 ! Wife of Luther Halsey 


Child of John Haviland 

20 ; Child of Moses Austin 


Child of Barnabas Ogden 


Henry Woodruff 


Child of Abraham Morrel 


John Price age 51 


Child of Jacob Crane 

29 Child of Elias Crane 


Child of Thomas Eaton 

31 ,' Wife of David Whitead 


M r Baxter 


20 Child of John Clawson 



Child of Joseph Bond 


25 i Dau. of Jon. Meeker deed 


William Higgias 

126 j Child of Elihu Ogden 


Child of Jacob Ogden 

July i 4 Child of Tenrub Price 


Child of Shepherd Kollock 

9 i Child of Elihu Price 



Wife of Gov. Livingston 


Dau. of Jedidiah Williams 


1891.] Sextons' Boole, First Church, Elizabeth, iV 7 *. J. 47 





Son of Andrew Crane 
Doct r W m Barnet 
Child of Colo Taylor 
Wife of Baker Woodruff 
Child of Elihu Bond 
Father of Abraham Winans 
Child of Harry Force 
Mother of M" Barber 
Samuel Morehouse 
Child of Daniel Willis 
Wife of Jacob Winans 
Child of Ezekiel Magie 
Wife of William Harriman 
Mother of Nath 1 Price 
Mother of the wife of Elihu 

A french boy died at Capt. 

Child of James Hedges 
Child of James Williams 
Colonel Matthias Ogden 
Child of David Williams 
Child of Jonathan Price Jr. 
Mother of Job Woodruff 

Edward Spinning 
Child of John Donnington 
James Chandler Senr 
Daniel Stibbins 
Nathaniel Crane 
Child of Elihu Pierson 
Dau of Ezekiel Woodruff 
Child of Stephen Crane 

Jun r 
Dau of Joseph Barnet 
Child of John Winans 
Child of W m Ludlow Ogden 
Child of Caleb Halsted 
Wife of Charles Tucker 
Wife of Aaron Baker 
Child ofBenf Williams 
Child of John Mulford 
Jeremiah Woodruff 
John Harriman 
Wife of Nathaniel Crane 
Child of John Pierson 
Child of W ra Conklin 
Child of Michael Magie 
Child of Samuel Stackhouse 
Charles Tooker 
























Wife of John Pierson 

Moses Meeker 

Daniel Haines 
Child of William Donning- 

Joanna Lyon 
Child of David Magie 
Child of John Hani on 

William Donnington 

Rhoda Hatfield 
Mother of Jonathan More- 

Samuel Wood 

Amos Clark 
John Cooper Woodruff Sen r 
Wife of Capt. Jacob Crane 
Girl d. at John Havilands 

Beirp Spinning 
[Abner] Father of Elihu 

Child of Daniel Dayton 
Child of Luther Halsey 

Dau, of Price d. at 

D. Daytons 
Child of John C. Wood- 
Mary dau. of W m McAd- 

ams, scarlet fever 
Child of Edmond Baker 
Child of David Price 
Child of Sami el Smith 
Child of sister of Abner 

Passel [Parcell] 
Child of Dr. Isaac Morse 

Matthias Woodruff 

Child of Lishman 

Child of Nehcmiah Tunis 
Child of Col. Taylor 

Nathaniel Bowers 
Child of Joseph Bond 
Wife of Job Haines 
Two children of W m Hinds 
Child of Enos Woodruff 
Child of Ephraim Price 
Child of Silas Halsey 

Abraham Tooker 
Dau. of Samuel Morehouse 

Edmond Baker 































1 18 





| 29 

48 Sextons' Booh, First Church, Elizabeth, JV. J. [Jan. 





Child of William Miller 
Child of Phebe Conklin 
Child of Cortland Vanars- 

M r Brasher 
Mother of Lewis Pierson 
Robt. child of Doct. Robt. 

Elias Morgan 
Child of John Oliver 

Benj u Winans 
Dan. of W m Brown 
W m Southwell 
Child of Elihu Halsted 
Child of Lewis Tooker 
Mother of W m Pool 
Wife of David Ogden 
Wife of Henry Willis 
Child of Elias Sayre 
Child of Abraham Morrel 
Child of Moses Chandler 
Woman d. at S. Chandlers 
Dan. of Mrs. Abigail Ver- 


Child of Benjamin Wil- 
Child of Jonathan Aken 
Child of Ralph Price a. 1 
Child of Lewis Peirson 
Child of Ephraim Hatfield 
Child of W m Dayton 
Grand child of Say res 

Child of James Hedges 
Child of Nathaniel Crane 
Child of Jonathan Williams 
Child of Henry Norm 
Child of Samuel Smith 
Son of Matthias Ogden 
Child of W m Ogden 
Child of John Clawson 
Child of Moses Hatfield 
Dau. of David Mulford 

Child of Elihu Terrill 
Child d. at Daniel Wil- 
Child of Henry Insley 
Child Benj Q Haines 



























Child of Elihu Price 
Mother of Dr. John Clark 
man d. at Capt. Corys 
Child of Lewis Tooker 
Stephen Harrison 
Dau. of Rebecca Stibbs 
Wife of Waters Burrows 
Sarah Chandler 
Frenchman that lived in 

Gov™ House 
Rebecca Stibbs 
Son of Samuel Ayres 
George Ross Esq. 
Widow of Benj n Spinning 

Sister of Moses Creesy 
Child d. at John Leigh ten's 
Child of Megie 
Mother of John Miles 
Abraham Morrell 
Wife of W ra Dayton 
Doct r John Clark 
Child of Nehemiah Tunis 
James Land 
Wife of Caleb Hatfield 
Matthias Crane 
Son of Lewis Mulford 
Daniel Woodruff 
Wife of Daniel Ogden 
Cornelius Badgely 
Mother of James Crane 
Nancy Winans 
Wife of Joshua Conklin 
Child of Flavel Woodruff 
Dau. of Capt. Tho 8 Crowell 
Child of Moses Johnson 
Son of Elihu Bond 
Child of David Edwards 
Mother of Abraham Harri- 
Wife of Silas Halsey 
M rs Badgley sister of Cor 9 

Child that died at Elias 

Child of dau of widow of! 

W m Higgins 
Mrs Fraser 
Child of Aaron Lyon 









1891.] Sextons' Booh, First Church, Elizabeth, JV. «7. 49 





Child oldau. of W m Creesy 

Child of Mr. at G. 

Child that d. at John 

"Win an s 
Child of John Mills 
Doct Jonathan I. Dayton 
Child of James Kinsey 
Child of Benj n Scudder 

W m Ilalsted 
Son of Stephen Wheeler 
Child of Jonathan Baker 
Child of Andrew Ross 
Child that d. at J. Smith's 

M rs Stogden 
Child of Calvin Woodruff 
Child of ^Y m Badgley 

Caleb Haitieid 
Child of Lewis Mulford 
Doct. William Winans 
Cornelius Hatfield Esq. 
Child of Stephen Passel 

John Jackson 
Widow Williams 
Child of John Conklin 
Child of John Smith 
Child of Daniel Sale Jr. 
Child of Benj" Mills 
Wife of William Miller 
Child of Silas Halsey 
Child of John Hanion 
Child of Elihu Ogden 
Child of Daniel Halsey 
Wife of James Bonnel 
Child of Gabriel Clark 

Aaron Baker 
Man d. at Tim 7 Druers 
Wife of John Locker 
Wife of John Wiley 
Wife of Timothy Druer 

Child of 

Child of Henry Willis 
Sister of Capt Isaac Spin. 

Child of John Leluffj 
[or Teluff] | 

Child of Gilbert Kinelle 




















1 17 




















James Dagvvorthy 
Child of Jonathan Townley 
Child of William Badgley 
Ichabod Ross 
David Woodruff 
Child of Job Winans 
Child of Aaron Toot 

Child of Rev. R. Chapman! 
Child of Jacob Donningtonj 
Child of Daniel Lvon Jr. 
Child of Obadiah Meeker 
Mother of John Hamilton 
Child of Moses Winans 
Stephen Crane Esq. 
Child of brother of Benj 

Child of Jonathan Chandler 
Benjamin Miller 
Father of Joseph Bond 
Child of W m Vanduzer 
Stephen Passel [Parcell] 
Wife of Luther Dean 
One of the Poor 
Hannah Winans 
Child of Ephraim Price 
Child of Daniel Ross 
James Winans 
Child of Jonathan Sayres 
Wife of John Woodruff 
Child of Polly Hall a. 6 
Dau. of William Meeker 
Cortland t Vanarsdal 
Son of Jonathan Meeker 
Child of Benjamin Mills 
Child of Lewis Mulford 
Child of Moses Chandler 
Wife of John Mulford Jr. 
Child of Gardner 
Wife of Jacob Syren 
Child of James Williams 
Mrs. Bogert 
Abraham Morrel 
Child of Mr. Gracy 
Child of Edward Searles 
William Ball 
Caleb Woodruff 
Jonathan Wade, yellow 





I Feb 



| 22 



Mar 2 









Sextons' Book, First Church, Elizabeth, N", J. [Jan. 





1 1796 


Hiram Hatfield yellow fever Sep 


Uzal Woodruff 



Stephen De Hart 


Silas Potter 


Child of Thomas Eaton 


William Marsh 


Son of Enoch Williams 


David Meeker of Lyons 



John Quigley yellow fev. 



Child of Ezekiel Magie 


John Haviland 



David Ross 



Jacob Crane 



Child of Aaron Ross 



Child of John Dow 



Wife of Rev. John Giles 



Child of Isaac Crane 



Child of Benj 11 Scudder 


Anthony Price Sexton : 

Moses Wood 


Child of Aaron Hetfield Jr 


Child of Col. Aaron Ogden 


Samuel Halsey 



Child of Elias Sickles 


John Syron 
Joseph White[he]ad 




Son of Benj Wade from 
Conn. Farms 



Barnabas Shute 


Child of Ephraim Whitlock 



Widow Mary Brittin 



William Baldwin 



Dau. of Jacob Long 


Child of David Shannon 


Aaron Hatfield Sr. 


Henry son of Col. Matthias 


Abner Badgley 




Wife of John Atchinson 



John Spinning 


Son of Caleb Dayton 



Abraham Woodruff 



Samuel Stackhouse 



Jacob Winans 



Child of Thoma3 Haviland 



Matthias Lyon 



Child of Robert Gibbons 



Child of Benj Winans son 
of Jacob 



Widow Crane moth r of 
Wm. Baldwin 



Man that d. at Dan'l Posts 


Jacob Vreden burgh 



Henry Insley 


John Chandler Sen. a G7 



[Bounell] wife's sister of 



Joseph Gibbs 

Nathan Woodruff 



[ell's 1798 

Child of Willi m Remsden 



Woman at Thomas Crow- 



Stephen Potter 



Timothy Woodruff 



Robert Stackhouse 



Phebe dau of Ralph Price 



Wife of Gavin Scott 



David Mulford 


Wife of John Chandler Sr. 


Wife of Benj Haines 



Davis Hunt 


Daniel Sale 


Twins of Thos. Lovell 


Nathaniel Norri3 



Capt. Richard Townley 



Elias Darby 


Child of James Bonnel 


Widow Wade 


3 Child of Moses Meeker 


John Hatfield 



Child of Mr. Dixey 



Jonathan Cree [Y.) 


Mother of John Peet 


John Hamilton (from N. 



Child of Lewis Terrell 


Samuel Bunnel 



Child of Elihu Brittan 



Samuel Ayres 


Jaramiah Smith 



Child of Major Denman 



Note. — A copy of tbe remainder of this record will be deposited in the library of the 
New-England Historic Genealogical Society at Boston. 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 51 


By Henry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, England. 
[Continued from vol. xliv. page 398.] 


I have long felt it a pious duty to look up the Hollis and 
Hoi worthy families, and ever since I first came here I have been 
gradually picking up items about them in Wills. It has occurred 
to me that one or two numbers of my Gleanings especially devoted 
to these and other benefactors of my old college* would be proper. 
I now send some Hollis matter. The Hollis family were cutlers by 
trade though Drapers by company. A pedigree and notice of the 
family may be found in Morant's Essex, Vol. 1L. p. 1C7. A letter of 
Thomas Hollis the great benefactor is printed in the Register, 
Vol. II. p. 265. See also Memoir of Thomas Hollis, London, 
1780.— H. F. Waters. 

[The following is a brief genealogy of the Hollis family : 
"Thomas Hollis, of Rotherham in Yorkshire, a cutler, came to 
London during the civil wars. His wife's maiden name was Ann 
Whiting. They had sons, Thomas, Nathaniel and John, and a 
daughter Mary. Thomas died without issue. Nathaniel had several 
children, of whom only one, by name Thomas, survived him. 
This Thomas was the second benefactor of that name, and was the 
father of another benefactor, mentioned in the Harvard College 
Records as Thomas Hollis, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn. John Hollis 
had a considerable family of children, of whom the most important 
were Timothy and Isaac. All these men, with the exception of 
Thomas Hollis of Rotherham, appear in the College Records as 
benefactors. In these notes, the three benefactors who bore the 
name of Thomas Hollis will be distinguished as 1st, 2d and 3d. 
Robert Thorner was an uncle of Thomas Hollis 1st. — (See Morant's 
Essex, 2 : 16, and Memoirs of Thomas Hollis (3d), I. pp. 1 and 2.)" 
— EvartsB. Greene, of Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.f] 

Thomas Smith, citizen and cutler of London (aged) 21 November 1674, 
proved 6 May 1675. To wife Anna for term of her natural life my capital 
messuage or tenement &e in the parish of Walthamstow in Essex, except 

the little tenement wherein John Tompkins now liveth. And afterwards 
the reversion &c of the same to my son John Smith and the heirs of his 
body lawfully begotten. To my said son John my messuages &c in Dun- 

* Few of our reader? need to be told that the alma mater of Mr. Waters is Harvard Col- 
lege, .He was graduated in the class of 1855. See Register, vol. 39, page 325.— Editor. 

t This and the other annotations to which Mr. Greene's name is affixed, have been 
kindly contributed by Evarts B. Greene of Cambridge, Mass., a member of the Harvard 
Seminary in American History.— Editor. 
VOL. XLV. 6 

52 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

mowe, Essex, with condition that my said son John, his heirs or assigns, or 
some of them, shall and do within the space of three months next after my 
decease pay, or satisfy, or cause to be paid or satisfied, unto my foresaid 
wife Anna the full sum of four hundred pounds in performance of a contract 
made between us at and before marriage. I give and bequeath unto ray 
eldest son Thomas fifty pounds, to my youngest son William fifty pounds, 
to my grandsonn Thomas Smith, son of my second son John, one hundred 
pounds, and to my brother Thomas Thorowgood twenty shillings (to buy 
him a ring). I give to my sister Frances Tompkins her dwelling free in 
the house wherein she now liveth during her natural life, and to her now 
husband after her decease, so long as he shall live a widower. To my 
brother Valentine twenty shillings (for a ring), to my kinswoman Frances 
Burrough five pounds. Twenty shillings each to my sister Margaret Ellis. 
to my sister Elizabeth, to my brother Thomas Hoi lis, to my sister Frances 
Tompkins and to my sister Susan. To my sister Katherine twenty shil- 
lings a year, to be paid out of my lauds in Walthamstowe. The residue to 
my executrix and executor equally. Wife Anna to be the executrix and 
son John the executor. Dycer, 52. 

Robert Thorner of Baddesley, in the co. of Southampton, gen 1 , 31 May 
1690. To my wife Rachel Thorner five hundred pounds absolutely &c in 
case she have no child by me ; but if she have any child by me then I give 
the said five hundred pounds only for the term of her natural life ; and after 
her decease I give the same to such child. To said wife my tenement and 
lands at Fitton in the co. of Wilts, during her natural life ; and after her 
decease I give the same to Ellis Langford, son of Harry Langford, now in 
Jamaica, if he be then surviving; and if not, then to Edward Langford of 
London, goldsmith. To my sister Katherine Begon the interest or use 
arising upon one hundred pounds for the term of her natural life, to be paid 
to Mr. John Filer of Litton, in Dorset, to be by him paid and given towards 
my said sister's subsistence. And after her decease I give the said sum of 
one hundred pounds to the grandchildren of my said sister (equally). To 
my niece Mary Thorner of Blackfriars, Londou, three shillings per week 
for the term of her natural life. To Thomas Durman, my wife's brother, 
two shillings and four pence per week; to Margery Durman, my wife'3 
sister, ten pounds. To Mrs. Elizabeth Legay, daughter of Mr. 
Isaac and Katherine Legay, of Weststoake near Chichester, Sussex, 
one hundred pounds, if living and unmarried two years after my 
decease, or if then married with her parent's consent and good liking. 
To my reverend pastor Mr. Nathaniel Robinson of Southampton twenty 
pounds; to his daughters Mrs. Elizabeth and Mrs. A.nne Robinson ten 
pounds each to buy a piece of plate in remembrance of me. To Isaac 
Watts,* son of Isaac Watts of Southampton, clothier, ten pounds to be paid 
to his father for his use. To the eldest son of Robert Beare of Southampton, 
five pounds. To Robert Hawkins, son of Richard Hawkins of Blackfriars, 
London, ten pounds. To Mr. John Filer, minister, and Mr. Richard 
Meadway of Litton, Dorset, twenty shillings each to buy rings. To Wil- 
liam Sprackett, now of Taunton, twenty pouuds. To Mrs. Elizabeth 
Belchamber, of Twickenham near London, ten pounds. To Hester Davis, 
wife of John Davis of TitchSeld, five pounds. To Mrs. Cueli of Winches- 

* Was not this the famous Dr. Watts, who was born in Southampton July 17, 1074, and 
who was therefore in his sixteenth year at the date of this will ? His father, Isaac Watts 
of Southampton, at one time kept a boarding school there.-—H. f. w. 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 53 

ter ten pounds. To Mrs. Margaret Noyes and Mrs. Cooper, widows, and 
Jonathan Batchelor and Jonathan Trernaine, all of Southampton, five 
pounds each. To the Congregational church in Southampton to which I 
belong two hundred pounds, for and towards the maintenance of a minister 
or pastor among them, to be improved at interest or else laid out in the 
purchase of lands. To the officers of the said church all my interest in the 
house above the Bar in Southampton built for a meeting place for the 
congregation there attending, so long as it shall continue to be used as a 
meeting place. And in case the same be not used as a meeting place then 
immediately from and after such disuse I give and bequeath the same house 
and appurtenances unto Mr. Nathaniel Robinson, if living, or in case of his 
decease before the expiratiou of the lease, to his daughter Mrs. Elizabeth 
Robinson, and in case of her decease &c. to the second 3on of Isaac Watts 
aforenamed for the remainder thereof. 

"Item I devise give and bequeath unto Harvard College in New England 
whereof Mr. Increase Matther is now President, the sume of mve hundred 
pounds to be paid unto the President of the said Colledge and imployed for 
the propogateing of learning and piety which sume I appoint my Executors 
or Trustees or their Successors to pay out of the Revenues of my Lands 
in London soe soone as it shall be raised out of the neate proceedes thereof 
after the expiracon of S r Peter Vandeputts Lease according to the limita- 
cons and directions and in manner and forme hereafter expressed. Item I 
devise give and bequeath all my reall estate in Messuages Lands Tenements 
and appurtenances scituate and being in the city of London being at pres- 
ent of the value of eighty pounds per Annum and after the Lease of the 
same to S r Peter Vandeput be expired may be of the value of ffoure hun- 
dred pounds per Annum (be it more or lesse) unto Mr. Bennett Swaine 
citizen and {fishmonger of London, Isaac Watts of the Towne and County 
of Southampton clothier Thomas Hollis jun r of London cutler and John 
Brackstone of the Towne and County of Southampton clothier To hold the 
said Messuages Lands Tenem ts and appurtenances unto them the said Bennett 
Swayne Isaac Watts Thomas Hollis jun r and John Brackstone and to their 
Successors and Assignes to be appointed as is hereafter declared for ever. 
In Trust nevertheless for the use and uses hereafter menconed & expressed 
That is to say Tc-nne pounds per Annum forever out of the neat proceeds 
issues and profitts of the said Lands to be equally divided betweene my 
said Trustees yearly and soe from time to time to continue to their succes- 
sors in the said Trust for their own proper use and uses cleare of all charges 
and disbursements as a recompence for their disehargeing the Trust in them 
reposed in receiveing the rents issues and profitts of my said Lands and 
disposeing of the residue thereof according to this my Will which said 
Tenne pounds per Annum being allowed and my other Legacies aforemen- 
ooued paid alsoe my debts and ffunerall expences and other charges first 
paid and discharged I appoint the first five hundred pounds which shall 
arise out of the residue of the neate proceeds rent.3 issues and profitts of 
the said Lands to be for the dischargeing of the Le^acie aforemenconed 
given to my child in case my Wife hath any such child by me then the same 
to be imployed and disposed of for the maintenance education and portion 
of such child in manner as aforesaid. And after payment of the said tfive 
hundred pounds for my child (if any such be) Then I appoint Twenty 
pounds per Ann>jrn of the remaiueing neate and cleare proceeds issues and 
profitts of the said Lands during the contiuuance of the Lease now in being 
by which the said Lands are demised to be paid and imployed towards the 

54 Genealogical Gleanings in England* [Jan. 

maintenance of a ffree Schoole in the parish of Litton in the County of 
Dorsett to teach the Male children of the said parish to read write cast 
accompt and grammar from the age of six yeares to fifteene The Schoole- 
master to be nominated by my Trustees and the remainder of the neate 
issues and profitts of the said Lands the foregoing legacies ineueoned being 
first allowed I give to the binding out apprentices to Mechanical! labouring 
trades such poor children and youth as are of pious and sober persons of 
the said Parish of Litton the Towne of Dorchester towne of Southampton 
and City of Sarum to every child five pounds for placeing out apprentice 
and five pounds more for a stock to sett up at the end of their apprentice- 
shipp which I will only to such persons of the said places as are sober and 
industriously inclined in the judgment of my Trustees. And for the more 
exact direction of my Trustees in this affaire I appoint that if the said 
Lands determined to this use as aforesaid shall amount to ffive hundred 
pounds received in Laud by my said Trustees Then the same to be disposed 
the one fourth parte thereof to the children of Litton & the other three fourth 
partes thereof to the children of Dorchester and the second five hundred 
pounds soe to be raised and received as aforesaid to be disposed to and for 
the children of Southampton And the third ffive hundred pounds in like 
manner to and for the children and youth of Sarum and soe successively as 
money shall be raised and received in such severaii suijies of ffive hundred 
pounds to be disposed in manner and for the uses aforesaid for the placeing 
and setting up of the children of sober persons of the places aforenamed. 
The said children and youth being accordingly qualifyed a9 farre as may be 
discerned by my Trustees during the continuance of the said Lease by 
which the said Lands are now granted And after the expiracon of the said 
Lease then I devise and appoint one hundred pounds certaine per annum 
out of the rents issues and profitts of the said Lands (the tenne pounds per 
annum to my Trustees and my other Legacies aforemenconed first being 
paid) to be im ployed to the uses aforesaid that is to say One fourth parte of the 
said one hundred pounds per Annum towards the ft'reeschoole at Litton and 
the other three fourth parts thereof to the placeing and setting up of children 
of the places aforenamed to be raised received and disposed of in like manner 
as aforesaid and soe to continue forever to the end of time And the overplus 
of the rents and profitts of the said Lands above the 'aid tenne pounds per 
annum to my Trustees and their Successors (my other Legacies aforesaid 
and the said one hundred pounds per Annum above menconed I devise the 
first five hundred pounds that can be raised thereof after the aforesaid Lease 
be expired to be for the discharging the Legacie aforemenconed to Harvard 
Colledge in New England to be paid to the then President thereof for the 
uses aforesaid And after payment of the said ffive hundred pounds Then I 
devise the remaining overplus which shall arise as aforesaid out of my said 
Lands to be imployed for the building of Almeshouses within the Towne 
and County of Southampton for the maintenance cf poore widowes each 
widow to be allowed two shillings per weeke and her house room the same to 
be purchased built and maintained when a convenient sume of money is raised 
by the revenues aforesaid for performing the same and soe to be maintained 
and increased in number from time to time forever according as moneys 
shall arise as aforesaid out of the said Lands And I doe nominate appoint and 
ordaine them the said Bennett Swayne Isaac Watts Thomas Mollis iun r . and 
John Brackston to be equall joynt and sole executors of this my last Will 
and Testament." 

Proved by Thomas Mollis and Bennet Swayne 8 December 1690 and by 
Isaac Watts and John Brackstone 4 June 1691. Dyke, 211. 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 55 

[Under the record of a meeting of the Corporation held Dec. 24th, 1G91, the 
provisions of Thomas's will, having reference to the College, are cited as above. 
On this page is entered a memorandum made at a later period, giving parts of 
a letter from Henry Newman, as follows. The letter is dated June 10th, 1710. 

" I have enquired after Mr. Eobert Thorner's legacy of £500 I com- 
pared the abstract you sent me out of the College register, & found them agree- 
ing with the will.'*' He gives the names of the trustees at that time, among 
them, John Holiis, who succeeded Bennet Swaine, deceased (see College Book, 
IV. and V. p. 3, beginning at the back). On the same page is the following 
memorandum : ii Mr. Thorner's lease will expire A.D. 17C97 says Mr. T. Holiis 
(nephew), in his letter, Aug. 5, 1734," 

In 1728, a copy of the will was received . from Thomas Holiis 1st. A memo- 
randum by Wadsworth at this time suggests doubts as to the value of the leases 
mentioned (College Book. "Wills. Gifts and Grants," p. 18). The full amount 
of this legacy was not paid until 1775. In 1774, Timothy Holiis, then one of 
the trustees, announced that he was ready to pay £100 at once and the remainder 
of the legacy before the new year. In the winter of 1774-5, an order was drawn 
on Holiis for the remainder, which he had already declared himself ready to 
pay. — (See Holiis Letters, p. S3, and Harvard College Papers, 2 : p. 31.) — Evarts 
B. Greene.] 

Thomas Hollis the elder, of the parish of St. Mary in White Chapel, 
Middlesex, and citizen and draper of London, 27 January 1713, proved 23 
September 1718. To wife Ann Hollis one hundred pounds and the furni- 
ture of the chamber wherein we usually lodge. My annuity of twenty- 
five pounds payable out of Her Majesty's Treasury for the term of ninety 
nine years (by virtue of Tally or order bearing date 16 Oct. 1708) to my 
son Thomas Hollis in Trust for my said wife so long as she shall happen to 
live, and then to my son Thomas. To said son Thomas one hundred 
pounds. To my grauddaughter Mary Winnock fifty pounds. To the seven 
children of my son John Hollis, namely Isaac, Samuel, Jacob, Timothy, 
Hannah, Ann and Elizabeth, seven hundred pounds, to be equally divided 
and paid to them at their respective ages of one and twenty years or days 
of marriage. To my grandson Thomas Holiis two hundred pounds. My 
annuity of fifty pounds payable out of Her Majesty's Treasury (by virtue 
of Tally and order dated 26 Oct. 1706) to my said grandson Thomas 
Hollis, in trust for Nathaniel Hollis son of me the said Testator and father 
of ny said grandson so long as he shall happen to live, and after that in 
trust for my grandson William Ladds for the whole remainder of the term 
(ninety nine years). Another annuity of forty five pounds to my said 
grandson in trust for my said son Nathaniel and next to the said Thomas. 
Another annuity of fifty pounds to my said son John in trust for my 
daughter Mary Ladds, for her own separate and peculiar use and mainten- 
ance exclusive of her husband who shall not intermeddle with the same, and 
after her decease in trust for my granddaughter Mary Kennalls, daughter 
of the said Mary Ladds. A bequest to a cousin Ilannah Hutton and her 
children (except James and Elizabeth her two eldest children). To the chil- 
dren of a late sister Hannah Brunt, to the children of a late sister Mary Gold 
of Derbyshire, to a cousin Daniel Sheldon, a cousin Ann Ramskar, to Wil- 
liam Creswick and his sister Elizabeth Creswick, to friends M r William 
Woolaston and Mr. Robert Rennalls. 

Sons Thomas and John Hollis to be executors. A cordicil made 11 
January 1716-17, in which he calls himself Thomas Hollis the aged and 
refers to a decay in the sight of his wife Anne, provides for a trust for the 
use of a cousin Dorothy Malin, widow, and her two daughters &c. 

Tenison, 178. 

VOL. XLV. 6 # 

56 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan, 

[For an account of Thomas Hollis, the elder, see "Memoirs of Thomas 
Hollis (3d), pp. 112." In the Register, Vol. 2 (1848), p. 265, is printed a 
letter from Thomas Hollis 1st, dated Aug. 25th, 1719, in which he alludes to the 
death of his father. He was a generous benefactor of numerous charitable and 
religious institutions. He died in London in 1718, aged 81 years. — Evarts B. 

Thomas Hollis, senior of St. Mary, Whitechapel, Middlesex, and 
citizen and draper of London 6 January 1729, proved 2G January 1730. 
Five huudred pounds or more to be laid out and expended for mourning 
and other such purposes. All my freehold messuages &c in Ash and 
Winoxverge near Sandwich, Kent, now in occupation of Thomas Minter or 
his undertenants, unto Richard Solly (second son of my nephew Richard Solly 
deceased) and his heirs forever. And my mind and Will is that his uncle 
John Solly of Feversham, grocer, do manage and take care of the same in 
trust for him until he shall arrive at his age of twenty-one years. My 
messuage or tenement in the parish of St. Laurence Pountuey to my nephew 
Thomas Hollis (son of my brother Nathaniel Hollis) also my freehold lands 
&e. in Pollox Hill, Bedford. I give to Thomas Hollis (son of my nephew 
Thomas Hollis) three thousand pounds to be paid to his father in trust for 
him until he arrive at the age of twenty-one years. To my brother 
Nathaniel Hollis one thousand pounds and also two hundred pounds per 
annum for life. To my brother John Hollis two thousand pounds and I 
hereby ratify and confirm the settlement or provision which I have formerly 
made for the benefit of the children of my said brother John Hollis 
(five, named, Isaac Hollis, Timothy Hollis, Mary Winnock, Hannah 
Edwards and Elizabeth Ashurst). To nephew William Ladds, merchant, 
one thousand pounds. To niece Mary Reynolds, wife of John Reynolds, 
one thousand pounds, and to her daughter my cousin Mary Reynolds one 
thousand pounds. To my said cousin the furniture of my chamber at 
Tottenham and her mother Ladd's picture. To Elizabeth Williams, wife 
of John Williams, daughter of my late uncle John Hollis of St. Alban's 
deceased, one hundred pounds. One hundred pounds apiece to each of 
the children of my said cousin Elizabeth Williams, over and above what I 
have already advanced and given. One hundred pounds apiece to the two 
children of my late cousin Dorothy Moor deceased, viz. Hannah Malyn 
and Elizabeth Malyn, over and above what I have ciready advanced and 
given. To Joshua Hollis, covenant servant to John and Thomas Hollis 
cutlers, three hundred pounds. To Elizabeth and Ann Hollis, children of 
my cousin Thomas Hollis of St. Alban's, cutler deceased, three hundred 
pounds, to be paid into the hands of their brother, the said Joshua Hollis. 
To my said brother John Hollis one hundred and thirty-four pounds four 
shillings and ten pence in the stock commonly called the Orphan's stock in 
the Chamber of Loudon, in trust to pay the dividends &c unto my cousin 
Hannah Hutton Senior during her life and next among her children. And 
I give and bequeath unto the proper use of my cousin Hannah Hutton, wife 
of James Hutton senior, two hundred pounds, and to her son George Hut- 
ton one hundred pounds. To Elizabeth Edmonds, daughter of my said 
cousin Hannah Hutton, fifty pounds. To my brother John and my nephews 
Thomas and Timothy Hollis one thousand pounds in trust for such pur- 
poses as I have or shall direct them. To my brother John and his sou 
Isaac Hollis fifteen hundred pounds in trust for such purposes as I have 
already or hereafter shall direct them by writing under my hand. To the 
President and Governors of Christ Church Hospital London five hundred 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 57 

pounds for the placing of poor boys out unto masters in apprenticeship, they 
permitting my executor to nominate two boys to be taken in qualified 
according to the rules of the House. To the President and Governors 
of St. Thomas's Hospital. Southwark, five hundred pounds for the use 
of the poor of the same. To the President and Governors of the 
Corporation for the poor of the City of London, or the New Workhouse in 
Bishopsgate Street, five hundred pounds. To John Noble and Edward 
Wallin, gentlemen, five hundred pounds on trust to distribute the same for 
and upon such trusts &c. as I have or shall direct. To the Deacons of the 
French Church in Threadneedle Street one hundred pounds, to be distri- 
buted amongst the poor of the said church. To the Deacons of the Dutch 
Church in Austin Friars one hundred pounds for the poor in like manner. 
To the Church Wardens of the parish of Trinity Minories, where I lately 
lived, twenty pounds to be distributed amongst the poor housekeepers therein, 
and thirty pounds more &c. To John Browne and John Wadsworth of 
Sheffield in Yorkshire one hundred pounds upon trusts to give the same 
unto such of the poor laboring workmen of Sheffield as I have formerly 
dealt with and other poor people in Sheffield and its neighborhood. To 
Thomas Halford and John Henn of Birmingham in Warwickshire fifty 
pounds upon trust to distribute the same amongst such of the poor cutlers, 
both short and long, and other workmen of Birmingham as I used to deal 
withall. To Charles Osborne of Wolverhampton in Staffordshire the like 
sum of fifty pounds to distribute amongst such poor workmen there as I have 
usually dealt with. To Mr. John Towers near Aldgate one hundred 
pounds for the use of the Society for Reformation of Manners in London 
for the encouragement of so useful a work. To Mr. Jeremiah Hunt one 
hundred pounds for his own use, and the further sum of one hundred 
pounds for the use of his son Benjamin Hunt. 

I do hereby name and appoint my aforesaid nephew Thomas Holis, son 
of my said brother Nathaniel Hollis, to be my successor in the Trusts com- 
mitted to me as executor to and Trustee of my late uncle Robert Thorner &c. 

"And Whereas I have at Sundry times remitted diverse sums of money 
to the Treasurer of the Corporation of Harvard Colledge in New England 
for service I have appointed or shall hereafter appoint in that Colledge and 
the ( orporation are become Obliged to me and to my Executors under their 
seal for the true performances of my orders and paying and distributing of 
the Annual Increase or Interest that shall arise therefrom Now I do hereby 
appoint my P2xecutor Thomas Hollis my Trustee concerning the same, and 
I order that he have the same powers in nominating and confirming the 
Professors and the Students that are on my foundation which I might 
claime in all things according to the Power I have reserved or shall reserve 
to my self And I give him Power to appoint his successor in the same 
Trusts after him in like manner to Supervise as much as may be and to call 
for Accounts and in case of Imbezlement contrary to my orders to put the 
Obligations in suit and to Inforce them in all times coming." 

All the residue of personal estate to said nephew Thomas Hollis (son of 
my said brother Nathaniel Hollis) and I make and ordain him full and sole 
executor. Wit: Josiah Maber, W m Limbery, Humfrey Buck. 

A codicil, dated 6 July 1730, provides for bequests of " fifty pounds to 
Mr. J. Maber who now lives with me " and fifty pounds apiece to your ser- 
vants. Isham, 10. 

[The clause of the will relating to Harvard College is given as above in the 
Hollis Book, p. 24. 

58 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

In Newman's letter of June, 1710, already quoted, to the college authorities, is 
the following very interesting clause : " Mr. Thomas Hollis, one of the Trustees 
at the Cross Daggers in Little Miuories, desires his will may be inquired for after 
his death. About the year 1718, au effort was made to divert Hollis's gifts to the 
College at New Haven. In this design, Cotton Mather, then on bad terms with 
the college authorities, took a prominent-part. The gist of this episode is given 
in letters quoted by Quincy in his history of Harvard College, 1 : p. 527, 528. In 
his letter to Increase Mather, Aug. 25th, 1719, already referred to, Hollis speaks 
of having sent over produce to the amount of £300 for the benefit of the college, 
and adds : " I have thots living or by will to order over to you a large parsel 
[of] goods, the produce to be added for same uses to the sum you now have in 

The " diverse sums of money" remitted at " Sundry times to the Treasurer 
of Harvard Colledge" may be found noted from time to time in the records of 
the Corporation for this period. His first gift was that just mentioned. On 
May 21th, 1720 (Coll. Book, IV. and V. p. 66), the following vote was recorded : 
" Voted that the thanks of the Corporation be rendered by Mr. Pr's'd't & Mr. 
Coleman to the worthy Mr. Thomas Hollis of London, foi the further valuable 
donation he has been pleased to make to the College, and is already in part ar- 
rived." The gifts made by Hollis up to 1775 are summarized in the following 
extract, from the formal acknowledgment given by the Corporation in response 
to his request of Hollis.— (See Coll.^Book, IV. and V. pp. 105, 100) : 

" Whereas it hath pleased Almighty God to inspire Mr. Thomas Hollis, mer- 
chant in Loudon, with most pious and generous designs for y e honour of our 
great and glorious Lord & Saviour & for y e good of mankind & hath in particular 
disposed him to execute some of those designs in ample & most beneficial 
donations to Harvard College aforesaid, Insomuch y* there hath already flowed 
into y e Treasury from y e bountiful hand of y e said Mr. Thomas Hollis to y e value 
of three thousand six hundred & seventy pounds, thirteen shillings & an half 
penny .... he hath transmitted statutes date January y e tenth 1722 which are 
lately come to y e hands of y e said Pres'd't & Fellows of Harvard College, wherein 

he directs y* y e Increase or produce of y e same be applied to y e ends 

following, y* is to say, eighty pounds per Annum, part thereof for a Salary & 
support for his Professor of Divinity, ten pounds apiece per annum to ten 
scholars, more or fewer according to y e produce y e money shall make per 
Annum." It is interesting to note in this connection that one of the first scholars 
on the Hollis foundation was Samuel Mather, a grandson of Increase Mather. — 
(See Letter of Hollis in " Hollis Letters, 9.") The Divinity Professorship was 
founded in 1721. Various letters on this subject, which passed between Hollis 
on one side, and the President and Mr. Colman, a Pellow. on the other, are re- 
printed in Quincy's History, 1 : 529-540. The first reference in the college 
records to this subject is in the College Book, Nos. IV. and V., under date of 
April 25th, 1721. There was a prolonged discussion on the subject of the new 
Professorship (q. v. Quincy, 1 : 529-540, where a large number of these 
letters are reprinted from the College archives), of which we find frequent 
record in the College books. Hollis showed throughout this discussion a liber- 
ality of spirit remarkable in those times. Hollis, it must be remembered, be- 
longed to the Baptist denomination, though affiliating to some extent with the 
Independents in London (see his letter to Increase Mather, Register, 2 : 265). 
In his regulations for the Divinity Professor, the only theological test required 
was " that he declare it as his belief that the Bible is the only and most perfect 
rule of faith and manners." The Overseers amended by striking out the words 
" and most," aud substituting for "Bible" the " Scriptures of the Old and New 
Testament." — (See Hollis's Book, pp. 3 and 4; Records of Overseers, 1 : 21, 22.) 
In January, 1721-2, Edward Wigglesworth was elected the first " Hollissian 
Professor in Harvard College." — (Coll. Book IV. and V. p. 74.) In the winter 
of 1726-7, Hollis transmitted £1127 to found a Professorship of Mathematics 
and Natural Philosophy, and in the following year presented the college with a 
valuable set of philosophical apparatus. Aside from these larger gifts, he 
proved his constant interest in the College by sending, from time to time, valu- 
able collections of books for the library. 

On learning of the death of Hollis, the Corporation, at a meeting held April 
21, 1731, passed the following vote (see Hollis Book, p. 23) : 

"Having lately received y e tidings of y e death of our worthy and generous 
benefactor, Thomas Hollis, Esq., of London, who departed this life y e 21 st of 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 59 

January last* — Voted y* a copy of y e sermon preached in y e College Hall on y t 
sorrowful occasion by y e Rev nd Doctor Wigglesworth (his Divinity Professor) 
be desired in order to its being printed." 

The clause in the will reserving to his successors the same right of approving 
the nomination of scholars and professors on his foundation, which he had 
reserved for himself, created some difficulty. The Corporation called the atten- 
tion of his nephew and executor to the clause in the original orders which in 
the case of the scholars and the divinity professor limited the right of appoint- 
ment to the founder himself, and in the case of the mathematics professor con- 
tinued it only for his immediate successor. Ilollis averted any possible 
friction by generously waiving all claims to exercise such rights (Hollis Book, 
pp. 23-25). — Evarts B. Greezste.] 

Thomas Hollis, citizen and draper of London 8 February 1732, proved 
17 June 1735. To be buried near the body of late dear wife. To honored 
father Nathaniel Hollis five hundred pounds. Reference to Trusts "I have 
for him from my grandfather" and to will of late honored uncle Thomas 
Hollis. Bequests to the Rev d Jeremiah Hunt, cousins Elizabeth Creswick 
and William Creswick of St Albans, to the eldest child of cousin Sarah 
Taylor late of Sheffield deceased, to M r John Browne of Sheffield, to cousin 
John Hainuiersley of Deptford, to cousin Margaret Hall of Staffordshire, to 
cousin Sarah Harrison of Nottingham, to Mr. Charles Osborne of Woolver- 
hampton, to John Barnesley of Birmingham, Thomas Holford of Birming- 
ham and Thomas Trulock, to cousin Timothy Hollis, cousin Daniel Parker 
of Enfield, Middlesex, and cousin Hannah Malm, to the congregation at 
Pinners Hall whereof the Rev d . Mr. Jeremiah Hunt is pastor, to John, 
Thomas and Anu Williams children of cousin Elizabeth Williams, to Eliza- 
beth Hollis daughter of late cousin Thomas Thomas Hollis of St. Albans, 
to poor workmen or their widows of Birmingham, and of Woolverhampton 
and Bilson, to the French Church in Threadneedle Street and the Dutch 
church in Austin Friars, to Mr. John Hollister the lease of the house 
wherein I now dwell in Mansell Street in Goodmansfields during the re- 
mainder of the term. All the real estate and the residue of the personal 
estate to son Thomas when he should attain the age of twenty-one years ; 
but if he should die before attaining the said a<ie then to cousin Isaac Hollis 


for and during his natural life, next to his heirs male, next to cousin 
Timothy Hollis and to his heirs forever. Mr. JoIid Hollister, of Charter- 
house Street, and my friend Thomas Trulock to be )xecutors. 

"And I do hereby nominate and appoint the said John Hollister to be 
my successor in the Trusts mentioned in the Will of Mr. Robert Thorner, 
in which I was appointed to succeed in the Room and Stead of my said late 
uncle Thomas Hollis deceased, and do desire the other Trustees who shall be 
living at my decease with all convenient expedition to Invest Instate Convey 
and Transfer the legal estate and Interest in the Lands and Tenements 
devised in Trust by the Will of the said Robert Thorner to the said John 
Hollister joyntly with themselves upon the Trusts in the said Will in such 
manner as Council shall direct, That so the said John Hollister may be 
capable and fully impowered to act in and perform the said Trusts in con- 
junction with the other Trustees according to the Directions of the said 
Will." Wit: W m . Limbery, W m . Wright, James Spence. Ducie, 124. 

[Thomas Hollis 2nd in a letter of February 3rd, 1731-2, enclosed two bills for 
£350 each, the income of which was to be applied in adding £20 each to the 
salary of each of the Hollis professors. At the same time he enclosed a letter 

*^This I presume gives us the precise date of death of Thomas Hollis, namely, January 
21, 1730-1. I have not found it correctly given elsewhere. — Editor. 

60 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [Jan. 

from his father, Nathaniel Hollis, announcing a gift of £350 for the support of 
two students, preferably Indians (Hollis Book, pp. 20, 27). In 1732, he pre- 
sented the college with several philosophical instruments, including a "new- 
invented machine called an orrery, showing y e daily and diurnal motion of y° 
sun, earth and moon." (Hollis Book, p. 29.) — Evarts B. Greene.] 

John Hollis. of St. Mary Matfellon alias White Chapel, Middlesex, and 
citizen and draper of London 21 March 1733, with codicil dated 12 Decem- 
ber 1735, proved 13 January 1735, Messuages, lands &e. in Boreham and 
Hatfield Peverell, Essex, and all my part, share and dividend of the mes- 
suages, lands, &c in the parish of St. Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey, Surry, 
late of my father in law Edward Sandford deceased, after the death of my 
mother in law, to wife Hannah Hollis for and during the term of her natural 
life, iiext to son Isaac Hollis and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, 
next to son Timothy Hollis and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, next 
to my grandson Hollis Edwards forever. Messuage in Old Street, St. 
Giles without Cripplegate, now in the possession of my cousin Cover (sic) 
widow, to son Isaac, upon condition that he permits and suffers my said cousin 
Cover to dwell in said messuage rent free during the term of her natural life. 
To said son Isaac my freehold messuage in Pettycoat Lane, St. Buttolph 
• without Aldgate. Other bequests ; among them to the five sons of daughter 
Ann Solly, to the children of daughter Hannah Edwards, to the children of 
daughter Elizabeth Ashurst, to cousin Hannah Hutton, wife of James Hut- 
ton senior, to cousin Ann Loyd, the sawyer's wife, to cousin Elizabeth 
Williams, widow, to cousin Robert Ruslin, etc. 

Son Timothy Hollis to be successor in the Trusts mentioned in the Will of 
Mr. Robert Thorner, in which I was appointed to succeed in the room and 
stead of Bennet Swaine deceased. To the French Church in Threadneedle 
Street, the parishes of White Chapel, Trinity Minories, Sheffield, Birming- 
ham, Woolverhampton and Wallsall, to the Scotch Society at Edinburgh for 
Propagation of Christian Knowledge. Wife Hannah to be executrix. 

Derby, 9. 

[At a meeting of the Corporation held Oct. 21, 1724, " Professor Wiggles- 
worth laid before them a letter from the worthy Mr. Thomas Hollis, merchant 
of London, informing them of a very valuable gift of books from his brother, 
Mr. John Hollis, merchant of London." Coll. Book IV. and V. p. 99. 

Two ( f the sons of John Hollis, Isaac and Timothy were also benefactors. 
On p. 8'. of College Book, "Hollis Letters," is a letter from Isaac Hollis, 
apparently to some one of the college authorities, referring to a sum of £500 
which he had sent over for the education of Indian boys, and expressing his 
intention of sending an additional amount. The letter is dated 1746-7. 

Timothy's name appears in the Donation Book for a subscription of £20 to 
the College. He succeeded his father as trustee of the Thorner will, and it was 
by him that the final payments were made. The records of the Corporation 
(Coll. Book VII. p. 32)" state that in Feb. 1732, Timothy was appointed an 
agent for the College in London. — Evarts B. Greene.] 

Nathaniel Hollis of Peckham, Surrey, gen*. 10 July 1735, proved 3 
February. 1733. My body to be buried in the burying ground in Bunhill 
Fields and no more than forty pounds laid out about my funeral. To my 
grandson Thomas Hollis and his heirs forever all my freehold estate in 
Guilford, Surry, now or late in the occupation of ... . Luff and Anne 
Standish. To my wife Frances Hollis my leasehold estate in Deptford, 
Kent, for life, then to said grandson Thomas Hollis. Reference to a Trust 
in hands of John Reynolds and William Ladds and another iu hands of 
Josiah Maker* of London. To my brother John Hollis and his wife ten 

* Qu. ? This perhaps should be Josiah Maber. — h. r. w. 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 61 

pounds apiece for mourning. To my kinsman John Hamersly of Deptford, 
shipwright, ten pounds. To my kinsman William Creswick of St. Albans, 
cutler, my cousin Elizabeth Creswick, my kinsman John Edmunds, my 
nephews Isaac Hollis and Timothy Hollis, and others. Henchman, 33. 

Frances Hollis of Peckham, Surry, widow, 8 February 1738, proved 
9 May 1739. To my sister (not named) twenty shillings. All the rest to 
my grandson Thomas Hollis. Mr. Josiah Maber to be sole executor. 

Henchman, 104. 

Hannah Hollis of St. Mary Matfellon alias White Chapel, Middlesex, 
widow, 12 October 1738, with a codicil dated 8 March 1739, proved 19 
May 1740. To my daughter Mary Winnock, widow, five hundred pounds. 
To such child or children of my son Isaac Hollis as shall be living at my 
decease One hundred pounds apiece. To the children of my daughter 
Hannah Edwards living at my decease one hundred pounds apiece. To 
such of the five sons of my daughter Ann Solly as shall be living at my 
decease one hundred pounds apiece. To the daughter of my daughter 
Elizabeth Ashurst one hundred pounds. To my cousin Hannah Hutton one 
hundred pounds. To my cousin Robert Kuslin one hundred pounds and 
one hundred pounds in trust for the separate use and benefit of his sister 
Susanna Row and her children, without the intermeddling of her husband. 
To Mrs Grantham, another sister of Robert Ruslin, one hundred pounds. 
To another sister of his named Cover fifty pounds. To my brother 
Nathaniel Hollis and his wife ten pounds apiece for mourning. To my 
cousin William Ladds and his wife ten pounds apiece for mourning. To 
my cousin John Reynolds and his wife, to my brother Samuel Saudford, to 
my sister Mary Leader, my sister Ruth Collyer, my cousin . . . Turner 
and his wife, my cousin Benjamin Woodhouse, to the Rev d Mr. Needkam 
of Hitchin, Mr. Gill, Mr. Samuel Wilson, Mr. Samuel Price, Mr. Deuham 
and Mr. Jolley, ministers, ten pounds apiece. The residue of my estate I 
give and bequeath unto and among my children, Isaac Hollis, Timothy 
Hollis, Mary Winnock, Hannah Edwards, Anne Solly and Elizabeth 
Ashurst. My sons Isaac and Timothy to be executors. Browne, 144. 

[Will of Thomas Hollis 3d, clause relating to Harvard College taken from 
Harvard College Tapers, 2 : 31. 

"I give to the College instituted for promoting Learning at Cambridge in New 
England. Five hundred pounds to be laid out in books for the use and benefit of 
that College " (cited in a letter from Thomas Brand Hollis to John Hancock 
giving notice of the death of Hollis. Dated Pall Mall, May 28th, 1774.) 

Thomas Hollis 3d was, with the exception of the first Thomas Hollis, the 
most liberal benefactor of the family. His gifts are well summed up in the 
following passage taken from the College Donation Book, p. 79. 

" This gentleman began to honor the College with his notice a short time be- 
fore the destruction of Harvard Hall. As soon as he was made acquainted with 
this event, he subscribed £200 sterling to the apparatus and the same sum to 
the library. ... He hath at different times enriched tbe Library with a very 
large number of curious, valuable and costly books. The whole amount of his 
benefactions amounts, it is supposed, to more than fourteen hundred pounds 

Note, — Hollis Hall was named Januarv 13th, 1764, with elaborate ceremonies, 
by Francis Barnard, then Governor of Massachusetts (Coll. Book, VIII. p. 112). 

Specially useful sources of information relating to the Hollis familv and their 
gifts, are the Hollis Book (No. VI. of the College series) ; the Hollis letters 
bound in volumes entitled 4i Hollis Letters" and '-Hollis Letters to Leverett"; 
the Donation Book; the "Memoirs of Thomas Hollis" (in three folio volumes). 
Quincy's History of Harvard College gives much interesting matter on this sub- 
ject gathered from the College Papers. — Evarts B.] 

62 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 


Robert Pargiter of Grytworth in the Co. of Northampton, 4 Feb- 
ruary 1557, proved 31 January 1558. 

To be buried within the Church of Gritworth in St. Katherine's 
aisle there. To the mother Church of Peterborough four pence. Towards 
the reparation of the church of Gritworth six shillings eight pence. To my 
son William Pargiter twenty pounds in money and my best gown. To 
my son George Pargiter ten pounds in money and my second gown. To 
the same George one shod cart, one plough, with all " Irne " ware belong- 
ing to the same plough, and two harrows ready pointed. To the same 
George five horses or mares to the number of five towards a team and all 
harness belonging to the same, sixty sheep out of all my sheep as they shall 
happen to run out of the pen, three kyne, three breeders, whereof two 
breeders to be of one year old and the other of two years old, and two 
hoofs; all which goods to be delivered to the same George at the discretion 
of my executors. To Edmnnde my son five pounds in money. To every one 
of my " childers " children three shillings four pence. To every one of my 
godchildren if they will demand it twelve pence. To every one of my ser- 
vants that shall happen to be in my service at my departure one quarter's 
wages over and above their covenant wages. I will that Anne my wife 
shall have and enjoy all my lands and tenements and all other my posses- 
sions, with all profits and commodities thereto belonging, whatsoever they 
be, lying and being within the towns and fields of Gritworth and Laurence 
Marson, during her natural life, and that she shall have and enjoy my lease 
of my farm in Grytworth which I do now hold of the Right Honorable 
my lord Windsor by indenture, during her natural life, paying the annual 
rent therefor. My son William and Anne my wife shall have my farm in 
Shattiswell in the Co. of Warwick, which I hold by indenture of Sir 
Thomas Pope, knight, during my years therein, to be equally divided and 
severed betwixt them. After my decease my son William shall pay yearly 
out of my lands in Stuttisbery to Anne my wife forty shillings, that is to say 
every half year twenty shillings by even portions. I give and bequeath to 
my daughter Mary Molle four marks of good and lawful money, to be paid 
to her every year a mark during four years. Other bequests of household 
goods to son George. The residue to Anne my wife and my son William 
Pargiter, whom I do ordain and make mine executors. 

Item. I ordain and make Lawrence Wasshington my son in law to be 
the supervisor of this my last will and testament aud he to have for his 
labor and pains to be taken therein forty shillings. In witness hereof I 
the said Robert Pargiter to this my last will have subscribed my name in 
the presence of Lawrence Wasshington, John Tymes, Richarde Duglys, 
John Bethome and Richarde Kenche w th other. Welles, 26. 

[The pedigree of Pargiter of Greatworth in the Heralds' Visitation of 
Northamptonshire, 1564, shows that this Robert Pargiter was son of Richard 
Pargiter by Anne, dau. of Richard Coles of Preston in the same County. His 
own wife Anne was a daughter of John Knight of Carlton. The will of his son 
William (A.D. 1584) has already been given in my notes on the Ancestry of 
Washington. The will of his father I found at Northampton, among the wills 
proved there 1510-1520. My notes of it are very meagre, chiefly owing to the 
sad state it was in.] 

Ric. pgyt r of Grytworth 7 Nov. — , proved . The children of 

Robert Pynkerd. My daughter Jone Pynkerd. Edmund Pargyter the 

son of . My wife Aunes. My sons Edmund and Robert Pargyter. 

Wills of the Archd. of Northampton. 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


[The following items have recently been given me by a friend who had an 
opportunity to take a look into the Churchwardens' accounts of the Parish of 

Lawrence Washington rated in the year 16G5 for £ 1 
« u u a 16G6 " £ 2 

[This new information tallies admirably with our recently formed hypothesis 
that Lawrence Washington of Luton and Virginia did not remove from his old 
home until 1667 or a little before that year.] 

An Elegie upon the death of Mr. Tho : Washington the Princes page who dyed 

in Spayne 1623. 

sse, ) 
Ife, S 

who liue to see 

Hast thou beene lost a moneth ? and can I 

Compos'd of anything but Elegie ? 

Or hath j j|j* s I Country taught my soule to 

Noe gveife, where hearts are made of Span- 
ish Steele ? 
Or am I hyred not to magnifie 
Ought that my Coumrey breedes ? 
could I 

Bee silent of thy \ ^ sse 

Now nothing but thy gooclnes left of thee. 
If I forget thee thus", let my scorn'd herse 
Want a true mourner and my tombeaverse. 
May I unpittied fall, unwisht againe, 
And (to sume uppe all curse) fall sicke in 

A Curse w oh had'st thou scap't, noe aire had 

So cruel to haue strucke thee at eighteene. 
But as some purer ayres, they say, endure 
Noe poisonous breath, but either kill or cure 
What ere infects it, so againe 'tis true 
Unles you poyson this it poysonsyou. 
You must breath falshood heereandireehery, 
For undisguised favre simplicity 

" ' sovle, noe more then 

As are thy noone tides on thee, 

| Now if there be a curse which thou hast not 

Madrith \ alread F> ma 7 u fal1 as ll0tt 

( doe ) 
( dost ) 
Those Moores which are thy scandal 1 and 
our curse. 

els how J Thou S h th *" infecti ™ s a yre \ ^ } y es \ him 

&2^>}«h»UmlO>« 7 of*«!i. 

Doe not inuent sc new a cruelty 

Not to giue leaue to what thoukillst to dye. 

But j j*i^ I faire soule is fled now farre aboue 

Agrees not w ft 


Loa'd youth, 

Thy soule or manners, 

into dis- 

w* 11 to that basenes could'st 

not bowe 
who could'st not to this 
basenes bow. &g 

Therefore infection when it could not seize 
thro we; 
, cast 
Thy body, to see if distemp'red bloud 
Could make thy troubled "soule lesse pure, 
lesse good. 

Bat noe rude Feauer, ruder j f[|^' e> \ 

No Jesuit, noeDeuil could make thee feele 
Distemper in thy soule, though Hell eom- 

To strike at once thy body and thy minde. 

est blood 

Hauc sence, yet to discerne their ill from 

And hate that Barbarisme that durst in- 

Thv \ t ' olour °y disremp'ringe 
* ( dolours with 





thy last 

The reach of all their malice 




. h e 
to molest 
5 interrupt her 
( intercept his 



our loue, 
noe Spaniards 

everlasting rest. 


Only the Case ^couered^ tj 

His body, he hath left with us behind. 
And that is challenged (as Patroclus bones 
By two armies) soe) two religions 
Lay clay me to this: so once the Deuil did 


For Moses def 1 j JjJ° I was not his aliue, 

And though his soule could not be touch't 
by him 

\ y| t i would haue thank't the Angel for a 

But this hath found a graue, though still I 

Greiue that such choice unvaluable dust 
Should dwell so long, so ill imprison'd, there 
Till he be wak'd with summons to appeare 

When that last $ JJJ^J^ I shall call at his 

How white shall he appeare amongst those 


Those sullied sunburnt soules, of j tIles elfe I 

same dye 
And tincture of the place where they shall 

Yet heere we leaue the treasure which they 

Whil'st we haue nothing left us but to weepe 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 



The losse whereof the \ f ^ d * that hath 

true sence 
Knowes both their Indies cannot recom- 

you who henceforth shall desire to seethe 

Or stew yourselues in Julie at \ j^^drifh ( 
Hope not your temperance or your youth 

can cure 
Or guard your goodnes frd a Calenture. 
T'was his disease, the purest and the best 
Is made a sacrifice for all the rest. 
Resigne your innocence before you part 
From your own Countrey,leaue behind your 

If it be English, bring noe vermes hither 
But patience, heere other vermes wither, 
And you shall find it treason at the shore 
For any man to bring such tratiick o're. 

t «. •* v \ henceforth counted a ) .„ 
Let it be J counteJ a , henceforth for \ mis- 
To see Spayne anywhere but in a Mapp. 
Let shipwraek't men like rockes auoyd 

And rather chuse to perish then come o're 
To saue themselues" upon this cost, the 

Of fraud and mischeife and of good the 

Yet now it holds a guest which euery age 

Will inuite strangers j ^^° I pilgrimage. 

Thy reliques Washington may bring againe 

„ , ( backe to ) 

Me and my curses once more j .. > 

Who had forswome it : but if ere I come 
Tie come a Pilgrim to weepeo're thy tombe. 

His Epitaph. 

ttUZw } thou whose these ashes were st j 

Reader thou would'st weeping sweare 
The rash fates err'd heere as appeares 

Counting his vertues for his yeares. 
His goodnes made them ouerseene 
W* shew'd him threescore ateighteene. 

Inquire not his disease or paine 

He dyed of nothing els but Spain© 
Where the worst Calentures he feeles 
f Argaziles | 
{ Alquaziles ) 
Where he is not allow'd to haue 
f by stealth 
{ he steal't 

He needs noe j Vher e P' ta P n or stone 
But this— heere lies ioued Washington 
Writes this \ *?.. ^teares in that loose dust 

And euery greiued beholder must 
When he weighs him and knowes his 

Renew the letters with his teares. 

Are Jesuits and 

[The foregoing verses I found in two separate manuscripts in the British. 
Museum, viz". Add. MSS. 12496 and 15227. The former was purchased at the 
Strawberry Hill sale, 30 Apr. 1842 (Lot 84). It has the bookplate of Mr. 
Horatio Walpole and contains an inscription showing that it was bought at 
the sale of Sir J. Caesar's MSS. Dec. 1757 (Lot 54) for 1. 8. 6. It was evidently 
a collection of MSS. (with a few printed proclamations, &c.) made by Sir Julius 
Csesar, km\, Master of the Rolls. At least many of the documents had cer- 
taiuly belonged to him. The last half dozen seem to refer entirely to Virginia. 
One (f . 433) appears to be a form of policy for settling and governing Virginia 
and is entitled '• Mr. Capt. Bargraves project touching Va. 8 Dec. 1623." An- 
other (f. 435) by Jo. Martin, is styled The manner how to make a Royal Planta- 
tion. "Another (f. 439) by the same, The manner how to bring the Indians in 
Subjection. A letter (f. 449) from John Martin to Sir Julius Caesar, written 
8 March 1626, at Martin Brandon, refers to the arrival of cousin Richard Mar- 
tin, and names Capt. Prinne. It is signed " Your Honnors ever faithful! brother 
in law at Command — Jno. Martin." Another (f. 452) is the King's Com. for 
settling a Government in Virginia, 15 July, 1624. The Verses upon Thomas 
Washington begin fo. 364 and are endorsed " Epitaphiali Verses uppon the 
death of young Mr. Washington Prince Charles his page in Spaine in anno 1623." 

The second MS. (Add. 15227) is a little duodecimo volume of miscellaneous 
poems and metrical translations in manuscript, many of them epitaphs, some 
humorous. The two copies diii'ered somewhat. I have given the two readings 
where these differences seemed worth noting. The upper reading is from MS. 
12496, and the lower from MS. 15227. 

The connection between Sir Julius Caesar and his " Bro. Martin "as he calls him, 
is explained by the marriage, 26 Feb. 1581 (2) of Julias Caesar, doctor of laws 
and one of the advocates of the Arches, and Dorcas Lusher, widow. Gen. 
license granted 23 Feb. 1581-2 (Diocese of London). She was a daughter of 
Sir Richard Martin, kn*., Lord Mayor of London, and widow of Richard Lusher, 
gen'. She died Monday, 16 June 1595, and was buried in the Temple Church. 
This I learn from my friend R. G. Rice, Esq.—JlENRY F. Waters.] 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 65 

Elizabeth Sandys of Wickamfbrd in the Co. of Worcester widow, 21 
December 1698, with codicil bearing date 24 December 1698, proved 20 
February 1698. I nominate and appoint my cousin John Sandys, now or 
late of Loveline, executor and give him all my messuages, lands, tenements, 
etc., at Bayton or elsewhere in the Co. of Worcester purchased of Mr. 
Swift or his trustees in the name of my late daughter Penelope Washing- 
ton, but in trust to sell and dispose thereof to the best value and to raise 
money for a portion for my granddaughter Elizabeth Jarlett, now with me, 
and to educate her in such manner as to my said executor shall seem meet 
and convenient and at her age of one and twenty years or marriage, to pay 
to her her said portion. And I appoint him guardian desiring him to 
breed her up in the Protestant Religion. And if he depart this life before 
her said age or marriage then I appoint Mr. Frauds Bromley trustee and 
guardian to her. I give to my executor fifty pounds as a legacy. To my 
daughter Tunstall ten pounds. To my daughter Jarlatt ten pounds. To 
my granddaughter Katherine Forster two hundred and fifty pounds, besides 
the two hundred and fifty pounds her aunt Washington gave her if she 
should please me. To Mr. Francis Bromley my great silver cup and cover. 
To my faithful and kind servant Mrs. Mary Hall one hundred pounds (and 
other personal property). Twenty pouuds for a communion carpet and 
pulpit cloth for the Church of Wickamford. Remainder of personal 
estate to my said granddaughter Jarlatt. If she refuse to be educated or 
become a Papist I give her only a fourth part of what I hereby before 
have given or intended for her, &c. 

In the codicil is a bequest to i4 my " son in law Capt. Sandys, of a sealed 
ring which my dear brother Packington constantly wore. To my daughter 
in law Mrs. Sandys a large table diamond ring. To Mr. Martin Sandys, 
their son, a gold watch and gold case to it. To my god daughter Mrs. 
Devorax her grandmother, my Lady Sandys' picture set in gold. To my 
niece Mrs. Bradshaw her grandfather, Sir John Packington's picture set in 
gold. To Mrs. Tomkins her grandmother's picture set in an enamel ring. 
To my god daughter Mrs Tomkins a pair of gold sleeve buttons. To my 
granddaughter Mrs. Forster a pair of diamond earrings and a fine gold 
watch that was her aunt's &c. To my granddaughter Mrs. Jollott all my 
plate which I have not disposed of. Pett, 32. 

[Elizabeth Sandys was first wife of Col. Henry "Washington, the trusty defen- 
der of the ever faithful city of Worcester, who was a nephew of the Rev. 
Lawrence Washington, and a cousin of John and Lawrence. She afterwards 
became the wife of Samuel Sandys Esq., of Ombersley, co. Worcester. — H. f. w.] 

Nicholas Spencer of Cople, Bedfordshire, Esq Te 10 January 1625, 
proved 17 February 1625. My body to be buried with mine ancestors in 
the parish church of Cople. To the poor of the parish ten pounds. 
Reference to indentures bearing date 6 th of this in9tant January and made 
between the said Nicholas Spencer of the one part and Sir Oliver Luke of 
Flawnes, Beds., kn 1 ., Sir Myles Fleetwood of London kn 1 ., Thomas Ellmes 
of Norton in the Co. of Northampton Esq re and William Ellmes Esq re son 
and heir apparent of the said Thomas Ellmes, of the other part. Certain 
manors demised to tiiem and they to pay unto Mary Spencer, my wife, two 
hundred pounds per annum, and to pay such debts as I do now owe. To 
my four daughters, Alice, Mary, Christian and Rose Spencer, two thousand 
pounds, i.e. five hundred pounds each. And after debts paid and the said 
two thousand pounds raised they are to assign and set over to my youngest 

6$ Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

son Robert such of the lands &c, as are situate in Eaton Socon, Moger- 
hanger and Blanham, and the residue of said manors, lands and premises 
unto Nicholas Spencer my eldest son, upon whom part of the said manors - 
are already eu tailed, etc. To my brother Arnold Spencer fifteen pounds. 
To my brother Edward Spencer ten pounds. To my sister Margaret 
Spencer ten pounds. To my sister Cicely Spencer twenty pounds. To my 
sister Rose Spencer twenty pounds. To my godson John Spencer, second 
son of my brother George, twenty shillings. To my niece Mary Gibbius, 
daughter of my sister Gibbins, fifty shillings. To my cousin John Cokaine 
of Cople twenty shillings. To my cousin Dorothy, his daughter, my god- 
daughter, ten shillings. To my cousin John Cokaine of Hollowaie twenty 
shillings. To Mr. Greenough forty shillings. To Mr. Thomas Watson 
of Cardington, clerk, ten shillings to buy him a book. (Other small be- 
quests. ) To my mother Mrs. Spencer three pounds. To my said father 
in law Thomas Ellmes Esq rt and my brother in law William Ellmes Esq re 
(and others) twenty shillings apiece. 

In a codicil he refers to his brother John, as John Spencer of Woodend 
in the parish of Cople, gen 1 ., and to Elizabeth Wynne (evidently the wife 
of the said John). A legacy to John the son of the said John. 

Hele, 24. 

Christian Elmes of Green's Norton, in the Co. of Northampton, 
widow, late wife of Thomas Elmes of Green's Norton Esq re lately deceased, 
12 October 1632, proved 5 May 1635. Eldest son William Elmes of 
Lileford, Northampton Esq re . Second son Thomas Elmes of Warmingron. 
Third son Anthony Elmes of Fawsely. My goods at Casswell Dairy house 
and my house at Norton. Grace Elmes the wife of Anthony and daughter 
of Sir Robert Bevill of Chestertou, Hunts., kn*. of the Bath. The lands 
descending to my son Anthony cannot feed or depasture any more but 
2500 (sheep) at five score to the hundred, nor in my father Hickling's time 
nor in my late dear husband's time there were at any time more kept or 
could possibly be kept, &c. 

To my eldest and well beloved daughter Mary Spencer of Cople, Bed- 
fordshire, widow, one hundred pounds. My daughter the Lady Martha 
Dacres, the wife of Sir Thomas Dacres of Chesthunt, Herts., kn*. My third 
daughter Elizabeth Hawford, wife of William Hawford of W T ellam, Leic, 
Esq rtf . My fourth daughter Alice Fountaine, wife of Thomas Fountaine of 
Hampton, Northampton, Esq re . My youngest daughter the Lady Frances 
Hesilrigge, wife of Sir Arthur Hesiirigge of Nosely, Leic, Bar 1 . 

Sadler, 53. 

Nicholas Spencer of Cople, Bedford, Esq., 10 April 19 th Charles, 
proved 13 March 1644. To eldest sou William Spencer my mansion 
houses etc., in the Counties of Bedford and Huntington. To my other 
sons, Michael, Robert and Edward Spencer, five hundred pounds each. To 
my daughter Mary Spencer eight hundred pounds, upon consideration 
nevertheless that if Mary my now wife shall survive me and be living one 
whole year next after my decease then my said daughter Mary shall have 
seven hundred pounds and no more; and if my wife shall be living two 
whole years my daughter Mary shall have six hundred pounds and no 
more (and so on). And if my wife shall be living seven whole years my 
said <laughter shall have one hundred pounds and no more. I do nominate 
S r William Botler of Biduam, Beds., kn 1 ., Walter Rolt of Clifton, Beds., 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 67 

Esq., Gaius Squire of Eaton Socon, Beds., Esq., and Rob* Howgall of Wil- 
lincrton, Beds., Clerk, executors of this my last will and testament, to each. 
of whom I bequeath twenty shillings to buy him a mourning ring. To 
each of my brothers and sisters ten shillings, to buy them rings, and also to 
each of my brothers and sisters in law. My son William shall have his 
education at the Grammar School until he is fit for the University, and 
then to remain there until he shall go to the Inns of Court. My son 
Nicholas to be likewise educated at the Grammar School until he be fit for 
the University and then there to remain. My other two sons Robert and 
Edward to be educated in a fitting way to be tradesmen and bound appren- 
tices. Rivers, 52. 

William Spencer of Cople, Beds., Esq., 18 January 1683, proved 2 June 
1686. I do confirm unto my dear mother, the Lady Mary Armiger, late 
wife of my father Nicholas Spencer Esq. all such joynture which was set- 
tled upon her for her life by my said father. Brothers in law Oliver Luke 
of Cople Woodend and John Luke of Cople Woodend, in the parish of 
Cople. Wife Elizabeth Spencer shall receive two hundred pounds yearly 
out of my messuages, lands &c. for and during her life. After her death 
the said messuages to descend to my eldest son by her and his lawfully 
begotten heirs males, remainder to next son &c. Failing such I give the 
reversion and remainder unto my loving brother Nicholas Spencer Esq. now 
in the County (sic) of Virginia for life and then to his eldest son William 
Spencer, my beloved nephew. Legacies to niece Judith Luke, to John 
Ventris of Campton, Beds., and others. Household goods at Codham Hall. 
My Essex lands. Matrum Spencer, second son of my said brother Nicholas 

A codicil bearing date 19 March 1685. Lloyd, 88. 

Nicholas Spencer of Nominy in Westmoreland Co. in Virginia 25 
April 1688, proved 15 January 1699. To my son William Spencer, now 
in England, all the lands, houses and tenements unto me in England 
appertaining or belonging, either as I am now the only surviving son of my 
father Nicholas Spencer Esq 1 , deceased and also as heir to my brother Wil- 
liam Spencer Esq 1 ", dec'd, or by the last will and testa? lent of my said brother 
William Spencer, the lands &c lying in the town of Cople in Bedfordshire. 
I also give to him my lands in Barford and in Blunham and in St. Neets 
in Huntingdonshire and at Codham Hall, Essex. To my wife, Mrs. 
Frances Spencer, during her natural life, all my lands, houses and tene- 
ments in the Neck of land called Kingcopsco (sic), i.e. all the lands I 
bought of Mr. Richard Wright and of Mr. James Hardige and the lands I 
bought of Richard Awburne, formerly William Newberrie's lands; then to 
my son Motrom Spencer and his heirs forever. To my son Nicholas all my 
lands lying at the head of Nominy. being the lands I bought of Mr. Foster 
and Mr. Hawkins and the lands I bought of Mr. Manley, as also the lands 
I took up, relapsed, from Tho. Dies. To my son John all the right and 
title I have or may have unto the land lying near Pope's Creek, escheated 
in the name and to the use and benefit of my son John ; also all the lands I 
bought of Mr. William Horton and Capt. John Lord and the land I bought 
of Jacob Reny and the lands I bought of Mr. John Froadsham, the Survey 
of all the last aforesaid lands lying near unto Coll W m Peirce's lands and 
dwelling seat. 

"I give and bequeath unto my son Francis Spencer and his heirs for ever 

VOL. XLY. 7* 

QS Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

that moiety of five thousand acres which upon a division shall fall to my 
lott, being a tract of land lying and being in joint tenancy between Cap'. 
Lawrence Washington and myself, with condition that noe advantage of 
Survivorship shall be taken of either side." 

To my dear and beloved wife all her jewels and wearing apparell. To 
my son Motrom Spencer five hundred pounds sterling, to be paid him at 
his age of one and twenty by my son William out of the rents of my lands 
and houses in England. As to my personal estate in Virginia, be it plate, 
household goods, cattle, horses and sheep, as also my English servants, 
Negro slaves, tobacco and grains of all sorts, as also my tobacco debts and 
money debts due to me in Virgiuia, my debts and legacies being first paid, 
I do will and bequeath unto my beloved wife, Mrs. Frances Spencer, my 
son Nicholas Spencer, my son John Spencer and my son Francis Spencer 
to be equally divided between them, but to remain entirely together, and no 
division made thereof until all my debts and legacies be fully satisfied and 
paid with the present year's crop, &c. 

I nominate and appoint my son William Spencer executor of my last will 
and testament of all my estate in England, and my wife Mrs. Frances 
Spencer, my son Nicholas and my son John Spencer executors as to my 
estate in Virginia: and I nominate and appoint my singular good friends 
Coll. Isaac Allerton of Matchotick, Cap 4 . George Brent of Stafford Co. and 
Cap 1 . Lawrence Washington, Feoffees in trust &c. giving forty shillings 
to each of them, to buy mourning rings, and to Coll. Isaac Allerton my 
riding horse called Hector. 

Wit: George Luke, Thomas Hobson junior and Natha Webster. 

Letters issued 15 January 1699 to John Rust of All Hallows Lombard 
St., silkman, to administer the goods &c according to the tenor and effect of 
the above will. Noel, 14. 

Mottrom Spencer of Nomini in Westmoreland Co. in Virginia 24 
October 1691, proved 15 May 1703. To my dearly beloved wife Mrs. Jane 
Spencer all the right and title I have to five hundred pounds sterling left 
me by my father's will payable out of the estate of my well beloved brother 
William Spencer of Cople in the Co. of Bedford Esq r ., and also three hun- 
dred pounds sterling with the interest thereof now dm and what shall 
become due unto me to the time of my decease, which said three hundred 
pounds I require my mother, Mrs. Frances Spencer, to pay unto my wife. 
If my said wife should depart this life before me then I will, give and 
bequeath unto my beloved brother William Spencer Esq r whatever I had 
willed, given or bequeathed unto my wife. I also give and bequeath a 
mourning ring of oue pound price to my sister Mrs. Lettice Barnard, 
another of the same value to my brother William and another to my Aunt 
Anne Armiger. My wife Mrs. Jane Spencer to be executrix. 

Wit: Richard Kitchiner, Lettice Barnard, Will: Saucige. 

Decimo quinto die mensis Maii Anno Dni millimo septingentesimo tertio 
emanavit commissio Capitaneo Willifrio Spencer ffrutri et Legatario nomi- 
nato in Testamento Mottrom Spencer nuper Vexillarii in Legione Domini 
Comitis Essexire in poa Sancti iEgidii in Campis in Comitatu Midd. tieiii 
hefitis &c. ad adstrand. bona jura et cred dci def juxta tenorem et efftum 
Testament! ipsius defti (eo quod Jana Spencer Relicta et Execut in diet 
testament nominat oueri Executionis dicti Testamenti expresse renun- 
ciaverit) &c. Degg, 135. 


Genealogical Gleanings in England, 


Christofer Washington of Soulgrave in the co. of Northampton, gentle- 
man, gave bond 7 June 1619, as one of the creditors of William Mole, late 
of Mixbery, co. Oxon., gentleman, deceased, to administer the goods and 
chattells &c of the deceased, with Edward Mole of Fulwell, in the parish 
of Mixbery, gentleman, as his fellow bondsman. Admou. Bonds, Oxon. 

[This I suppose was the son of Robert Washington of Sulgrave and brother 
of Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave and Brington. Mixbery is next to West- 
bury, the home for a time of Sir Lawrence Washington. — h. f. w.] 

[In April, 1800, 1 received from Rev. R. M. Samson, Head Master of Flawkshead 
Grammar School, Lancaster, England (wmich School was founded by Edwin 
Sandys, Archbishop of York in Elizabeth's time), a copy of the record in the 
Archbishop's Bible which is kept at the School hou^e, and I herewith enclose a 
copy from the lower part of the page (the upper part being a record of the 
births of the Archbishop's children), and you will notice the frequency of the 
names Washington, Spencer, Meuce, And'erson, etc., as godparents of these 
Sandes children. Now as Rob 1 Sandys, .the eldest son of Thomas Sandys, 4th 
son of the Archbishop, was married to Alice Washington, sifter of Sir William, 
Sir John and Lawrence Washington, I am inclined to think most of the children 
mentioned in the record were the children of this Robert Sandys (the name is 
variously spelt Sandys, Sandis, Sandes. Sands). The deep interest the Sandys 
family in England took in the settlement of America — both Virginia and New 
England, and also later on in Connecticut and New Jersey, coupled with the 
marriages of the Sandes and Washington family — may make the record of 
some use to you, particularly if read in connection with Mr. Waters's note in the 
Register for October, 1889. 

The names marked ? Mr. Samson had much difficulty in making out and may 
not be correct; they are Doheres, Wem, Paraster — which latter may be Pargiter. 

James T. Sands of St. Louis, Mo.] 

Penelope Sandes was borne 
ye 9 th April 1629 beinge 
Thursday about 7 at night 

Thomas Sandes was borne 
ye 14 th of M ch 1629 beinge 
Sunday about 5 in ye morning 

Richard Sandes was borne 
ye 29 th April 1631 beinge 
Friday about noone 

Francis Sandes was 
borne ye 20 th of Aprils 
1636 being Friday about 
Eleven at night 

God Father Sir John Washington 
God Mothers Ye Lady Penelope Spencer 
Mrs Margaret Washington 

God Fathers Thomas Sandes Esquire 
Francis Meuce Esquire 
God Mother Y e Ladye Washington 

God Fathers Richard Spencer Esquire 

Francis Meuce Esquire 
God Mother Mrs Elizabeth Spencer 

God Father Francis Meuce Esquire 
God Mothers Mrs Margaret Washington 
Mrs Elizabeth Washington deputy 
for the Ladye Washington 

Elizabeth Sandes was borne 
y e 23 of July 1633 beinge 
Tuesday about 6 in the morning 

God Father Arthur Samuel Esquire 
God Mothers Mrs Elizabeth Spencer 
Mrs Elizabeth Meuce 

Susannah Sandes was borne 
ye 14 th of August being Thursday 
about midnight (the date of 
year is not given) 

God Father Simon Adams Clarke 
God Mothers Mrs Margaret Washington 
Mrs Anne Doheres ? 
deputy for Mrs Susan Wem ? 

Robert Sandes was borne 
ye 24 th of May 1636 beinge 
Wednesday about 6 at night 

God Fathers Rob 1 Spencer Esquire 

Rob' Paraster ? Esquire 
God Mother Mrs Margaret Anderson 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


Edwin Sandes May 6 th 
between I & 5 at night 
Geraelli borne 1637 
Myles Sandes May ye 
7 th ' between 8 & 9 at night 

God Fathers John Bulins deputy for 
Sir Myles Sandes 

Richard Seynier Esquire 
God Mother Mrs Elizabeth Meuce 

Roger Williams (Vol. 43, pp. 290-303; 315-320; 427). 

[Readers of the letters of Roger Williams printed in the Register for July, 
1889, have doubtless felt a curiosity to know the name of the lady whose hand 
the future founder of Rhode Island sought in vain about 1629. Having found 
what I thought to be a clew to the mystery, I sent a query to the editor of the 
London " Notes and Queries." It appeared in the i^sue of that periodical July 
5, 1890, as follows : 

" Whailey. — A list of the manuscripts of George Alan Lowndes, Esq., of 
Barrington Hail, Co. Essex, in the ' Seventh Report of the Historical Manu- 
scripts Commission,' Appendix, contains this entry : — 

" ; (No. 156) 1628, July 28 [22], Screaveton.— Rye. Whailey to Lady Joane 
Barrington, baronettess, at her house Hatfield in Essex. — On a report of the 
death of her husband, Sir Francis, he condoles with her. xVsks that his daughter 
(her niece) may still remain with her. Sends the third and last volume of Mr. 
Parkins's works.' 

"■Can any reader of ; N. & Q.' tell which of Mr. Whalley's daughters this was? 
The pedigree of Whailey, in the ' Visitations of Nottingham,' 1569 and 1614, 
Harleian Society's Publications, vol. iv. p. 118, shows that he had two daughters, 
Elizabeth and Jane, the former of whom married William Tiffin, of London, 
mercer. The famous Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode Island, then chap- 
lain to Lady Barrington's son-in-law, Sir William Masham, of Otes, solicited 
of her, about the year 1629, the hand of her niece; but the niece's name is not 
mentioned in the correspondence on the subject, which is printed in the Xeiv- 
JEngland Historical and Genealogical Begister, vol. xliii. (1889), pp. 315-20, from 
a copy furnished by Mr. Lowndes, the owner of the original letters. I have 
queried whether it Avas not the niece mentioned in Mr. Whalley's letter whose 
hand Williams aspired to. A brother of Miss Whailey, Major-General Edward 
Whailey, one of the king's judges, came to New England and died here. Jane, 
the youngest daughter of Richard Whailey, named in the pedigree, married Rev. 
William Hooke, a graduate of Oxford University, who was vicar of Axmouth, 
in Devonshire, but as early as 1639 came to New England. He preached a few 
years at Taunton, in Plymouth colony, and from 1644 to 1656 at New Haven, 
Conn. He then returned to England, and was private chaplain to Oliver Crom- 
well. Some letters of Mrs. Jane Hooke to friends in New England are printed 
in the 'Massachusetts Historical Collections,' vol. xxxviii. pp. 260-68. If this 
was the niece of Lady Barrington whom Roger Williams wished to marry — and 
I think it not unlikely that it was — though one clergyman failed to obtain her 
hand she became the wife of another." 

Soon after the article appeared, I received the following letter from Samuel 
Rawson Gardiner, Esq., LL.D. : 

"South View, Wedmore Road, Bromley, Kent, July S, 1890. 

"Dear Sir: 

It will hasten matters if I reply directly to your enquiry headed * Whai- 
ley' in 'Notes and Queries.' The Barrington correspondence is now in 
the possession of the British Museum, and Whalley's letters are in Eger- 
ton MSS. 2,644. 

" The letter which you quote is of July 22, not July 28, and is at folio 
275. It affords no indication of the name of the daughter, but from another 
letter I gather that it was Jane. In a letter dated Nov. 15, 1623 (folio 
204), Whailey writes to Lady Joan: 

" * And for my daughter Jane for whom I ought ye at Bartholomew tide 

1891.] The Duke of Hamilton's Power of Attorney, 71 

" From a letter of July 4, 1622 (folio 202), I gather that Elizabeth was 
already married. Whalley says he has been arrested by Tyffya, ' who was 
a dogge to my daughter and hath performed neither to her or her daughter 
whatt he was bound unto.' Believe me, yours sincerely, 

Samuel R. Gardiner. 

John Ward Dean, Esq., Boston, Mass., V. S. A." 

It is reasonable to suppose that Lady Barrington's niece, whose hand "Williams 
sought, was in some way under the care of that lady. We find that Jane 
Whalley, in all probability, resided in her family about the time that Williams 
made his proposal; and we know of no other niece of hers who did. From the 
facts stated, there is little reason to doubt that Jane Whalley w r as the lady 
in question. She and her husband, the Rev. William Hooke, came to New Eng- 
land, and for some years lived at Taunton, not many miles from Providence, 
the home, if my theorv be correct, of her former lover. 

The mother of Jane Whalley was Frances Cromwell, a sister of Lady Bar- 
rington ; of Elizabeth, mother of John Hampden ; and of Robert Cromwell, the 
father of Oliver Cromwell, Protector of England. — Editor.] 


Contributed by Albert A. Folsom, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

The following is copied from an ancient document now the pro- 
perty of Mr. Oscar Laighton, of "The Shoals." It is written upon 
a sheet of parchment 28 in. X 18 in. On the left border are 3 
stamps of VI. d. each, beautifully embossed on blue paper. On 
the back is inscribed, "Sealed and delivered the same being duly 
etampt in the presence of A. Hamilton. 

Stamp, G. R. John Iles." 

The penmanship is in a full round hand, clear and distinct. The 
whole document is in an excellent state of preservation. 

TOf}et£aS, the late King James the First by his Letters Patents dated 
the Third Day of November One Thousand Si: Hundred and Twenty 
incorporated the Several Persons therein named by the Name of the Coun- 
cel of Plymouth in the County of Devon for the Planting Ruling Ordering 
and Governing New England in America and Granted to them their 
Successors and Assigns for Ever that Part of America lying and being in 
Breadth from fforty Degrees of Northerly Latitude from the Equinoctial 
Line to fforty Eight Degrees of the Said Northerly Latitude inclusively 
and in Length f an d within all the Breadth aforesaid throughout the main 
Land from Sea to Sea together also with all the firm Land Soils Grounds 
Havens Ports Rivers Waters Fishings Mines and Minerals as well Royal 
Mines of Gold and Silver as other Mines and Minerals Pretiou3 Stones 
Quarries and all and Singular other Commodities Jurisdictions Royalfy3 
Priviledges Franchises and Preheminences both within the said tract of 
Land upon the Main and also within the said Island and Seas adjoyning To 
hold all and Singular the said Premisses with all and Singular their Appur- 
tenances unto the said Councel and their Successors and Assigns for Ever 
to the Sole only and Proper Use benefit and behoofe of them the said 
Councel and their Successors and Assigns for Ever to be holden of his 
Majesty his Heir3 and Successors as of his Manor of East Greenwich iu 

12 The Duke of Hamilton's Poicer of Attorney. [Jan. 

the County of Kent in Fee of Common Soccage and not in Capite or by 
Knights Service Yielding and Paying to his Majesty his Heirs and Suc- 
cessors the ffifth Part of the Oar of Gold and Silver which from time to 
time should happen to be found and gotten in or within any the said Lands 
Limitts Territorys aud Precincts or in or within any Part or Parcell thereof 
for or in respect of all and all manner of Dutys Demands and Services what- 
soever to be done made or Paid to his Majesty his Heirs and Successors, And 
OHjjcnaS by Indenture made the Twenty Second Day of April in the 
Year One Thousand Six Hundred and Thirty Five made or mentioned to 
be made Between the said Council of Plymouth by the Name of the Council 
Established at Plymouth in the County of Devon for the Planting Ruling 
Ordering and Governing of New England in Amerioa of One Part and the 
Right Honourable James Marquiss of Hamilton of the other Part Recitiug 
the said Letters Patents to the said Councei of Plymouth It was by the 
said last Indenture Witnessed That the said Councei for a Competent Sum 
of Money aud for divers other good Causes and Considerations then the 
said Council thereunto especially moving Have Granted Bargained Sold 
Enfeoffed and Confirmed to the said James Marquiss of Hamilton his Heirs 
and Assigns All that Part Purport and Portion of the main Land of New 
England aforesaid Scituate lying and being at the Middle Part of the 
Mouth or Entrance of the River Connecticut in New England and from 
thence to Proceed along the Sea Coast to the Narragansetts River or Har- 
bour there to be Accounted about Sixty Miles and so up the Western Arm 
of that River to the Head thereof and unto the Land Northwestwards 'till 
Sixty Miles be finished and so to cross over Land Southwestwards to meet 
with the end of Sixty Miles to be accounted from the Mouth of Connecti- 
cutt up Northwest And also all Islands and Isletts as well Enlayed as 
within flive Leagues distance from the Premisses and Abutting upon the 
same or any Part or Parcell thereof to be called by the name of the County 
of New Cambridge And it was bv the said Indenture further Witnessed 
That the said Councei for the Considerations aforesaid Have Granted 
Bargained Sold Enfeoffed and Confirmed unto the said James Marquiss of 
Hamilton his Heirs aud Assigns All that other Parcell or Portion of Lands 
Woods and Wood Grounds lying on the East Side of the River Sagadohock 
in the Easterly Part of New England aforesaid containing aud to contain 
there Ten Thousand Acres and to be had and taken together as conveniently 
as the same may be towards the Head of the Said River next unto the 
Lands of Edward Lord Gorges there together with all the firm Lauds 
Soils Grounds Havens Ports Rivers Waters fhshings, Mines and Minerals 
as well Royal Mines of Gold and Silver as other Mines and Mineralls Pre- 
tious Stones Quarries and all and Singular other Commoditys Jurisdictions 
Royalties Priviledges Franchises and Preheminences both within the said 
Tracts of Land upon the Main and also within the Islands and Seas adjoyn- 
ing Saving Excepting and Reserving out of the said Grant only the ffifth 
Part of all the Oar of Gold and Silver due to his Majesty his Heirs and 
Successors And by the said recited Letters Patents reserved To have and 
to Hold all those the said Several Parcells of Land and all other the said 
Bargained Premisses with their and every of their Appurtenances (Except 
before Excepted) unto the said James Marquiss of Hamilton his Heirs and 
Assigns for Ever To the only Proper Use and behoof of him the said 
James Marquiss of Hamilton his Heirs and Assigns for Ever and to be 
Enjoyed as fully freely and in as large ample and beneficial mafier aud form 
to all Intents aud Purposes whatsoever as they the Said Councei and their 

1891.] The Duke of Hamilton's Power of Attorney. 73 

Successors by Virtue of the said recited Letters Patents might or ought to 
have held or enjoyed the Same or any Part or parcell thereof as by the said 
Letters Patents and Iudeuture relaeoti beicg thereunto had doth and may 
more fully and at large Appear. 2lntJ rufjcrcas the Right of the said Grants 
are now vested in James Duke of Hamilton Great Grand child and Heir 
of the Said James Marquiss of Hamilton. SlntJ rnljereus the Said James Duke 
of Hamilton is not only desirous to grant Leases of the Premisses at small 
Rents but in order to Encourage the Improvement and Perfect Settlement 
thereof is willing to Sell some Part of the said Premisses as well those that 
are Cultivated and Improved as such as are not and for that Purpose to 
.give Authority to John Mork* of Boston in New England Gent, to Sell the 
Same, flcuj i\imrn all men ho tjjese present Eettcrs That the said James 
Duke of Hamilton and Brandon hath Nominated Constituted and appointed 
and in his place put and by these Presents Doth Nominate Constitute and 
Appoint and in his Place Put the said John Mork to be his true and lawful 
Attorney in his Name and for his Use Absolutely to Sell Dispose of and 
Grant to such of the presents as Possessors of any Part or Parts of the said 
Premisses Comprehended within the Said Grant as the said John Morks 
shall Judge most for his Grace's Service So much of the Lands in their 
respective Possessions (not exceeding in the whole ffifty Thousand Acres) 
To hold to them and their Heirs for Ever of the said Duke of Hamilton 
and his Heirs at a Pepper Corn Rent Payable Yearly. ^rohttJEti always 
That all and every Person or Persons to whom any Grant of any Part of 
the said Premisses in Pursuance hereof shall be made shall and do take and 
Accept of one or more Lease or Leases of other Part of the Premisses com- 
prehended in the Said Grant at and under the Severall Rents and other 
Reservations mentioned and contained in a Letter of Attorney beariug even 
Date herewith and Executed by the Said Duke empowering the said John 
Mork to Grant Leases of the Premisses It being Expresly Declared That 
the said John Mork shall not have any Power or Authority to Grant any 
or the Said Lands and Premisses to any Person whatever but to such as at 
the time of Executing Such Grant shall and do Accept of and Execute a 
Counterpart of a Lease of other Part of the Premisses as well Improved as not 
Improved at and under the Rents and Reservations as aforesaid. SjOrabitiCQ' 
always That such Conveyances or Conveyances shall not contain any 
Covenant or Covenants but against the Acts of the said Duke of Hamilton 
his Heirs and Assigns only And the Said Duke of Hamilton doth hereby 
Impower his said Attorny to affix his Name and Seal to any or Assigns 
shall and will Agree to and Confirm such Conveyance or Conveyances so 
to be made as aforesaid and approve of what his said Attorny shall lawfully 
do in or concerning the Premisses according to the Power hereby given. 
3En fajitness trj!}creGf the said James Duke of Hamilton and Brandon hath 
hereunto Set his hand and Seal this thirteenth Day of July in the twelfth 
year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord George by the Grace of God of 
Great Britain France and Ireland King Defender of the Faith &c Annoq* 
Dom 1726. 

j Seal j 

Hamilton R °/ d & Brandon. 


Note. — James, fifth Duke of Hamilton and second Duke of Brandon, who 
executed the above power of attorney, succeeded his father in these dignities, 
Nov. 15, 1713, and died in March. 1742-3. He was a great-grandson of James, 

* This surname is plainly Mork in the original document, but no such surname is found 
on the Boston records. The name nearest to it is Monk. 

74 The Duke of Hamilton' s Power of Attorney. [Jan. 

third marquess aud first duke of Hamilton, to whom the territory described in 
the above instrument was granted by the Council of Plymouth. The line of 
descent is through Anne Hamilton, his daughter, who married William Douglas, 
earl of Selkirk, and was the mother of James, fourth duke of Hamilton, who 
was created Duke of Brandon. Sept. 10, 1711. 

James Hamilton, the grantee of this tract, was the third marquess of Hamil- 
ton. He was born June 19, 1G06, and succeeded to the peerage on the death of 
his father, March 3, 1624-5. He went in 1631 with an army to the assistance of 
Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. In the civil war he was an ardent supporter of 
the royal cause, and was created by Charles I., April 12, 16-43. Duke of Hamiton. 
He was captured by the Parliamentary forces August, 164S, was tried by the 
High Court of Justice, and was convicted and sentenced March 6, 1648-9. to be 
beheaded. He was executed on the 9th. A memoir of him, with a portrait, will 
be found in Lodge's Portraits of Illustrious Personages-, Bonn's edition, vol. iv. 
pp. 271-283. See also the several editions of Collins' s Peerage. He was a 
member of the " Council established at Plymouth, in the County of Devon, for 
the planting, ruling, ordering and governing of New England in America." in- 
corporated Nov. 3, 1620. On the 3d of February, 1634-5. the Council, prepara- 
tory to a surrender of its charter, made a division of its lands among eight of 
its members, namely: 1, Thomas Howard, earl of Arundel; 2, James Stuart, 
duke of Lenox; 3, James Hay, earl of Carlisle; 4, James Hamilton, marquess 
of Hamilton ; 5, Edward, Lord Gorges; 6, Capt. John Mason; 7, SirEerdinando 
Gorges; 8, Sir William Alexander, earl of Stirling. A portion of the record of 
the Council, from May 31, 1622, to June 29, 1623, and from Nov. 4, 1631, to Nov. 
1, 1638, is extant, and is printed in the Proceedings of the American Antiquarian 
Society for April, 1867, pp. 51-131. The record of Eeb. 3, 1634-5, containing 
the bounds of the above named grants, will be found on pages 114 to 118. On 
the 22d of April, 1635, deeds of feofment were made, under seal, to the eight 
grantees. One of these deeds, that to Capt. John Mason, is printed in Turtle's 
Capt. John Mason, published by the Prince Society, pp. 209-15. 

The territory under the grant to the Marquess of Hamilton was to be called the 
County of New Cambridge. Efforts were made at various times by his descend- 
ants to establish this claim, which were resisted by Rhode Island and Connec- 
ticut. In 1664, William and Anne, duke and duchess of Hamilton, petitioned 
Charles II. that their claim might be heard by the King's commissioners, which 
was granted. Their petition is printed in Trumbull's History of Connecticut, 
vol. i. pp. 537-8. The answer of Connecticut, to the petitioners, is printed in 
the same work, pp. 563-6. For the action of the commissioners, see Massachu- 
setts Historical Collections, vol. v. pp. 218-19 and 230-31. 

On the 17th of April, 1683, Charles II. appointed Edward Cranfield and others, 
commissioners to inquire into the respective claims to the King's Province or 
the Narraganset Country. The commission is printed in the Massachusetts 
Historical Collections, vol. v. pp. 232-3. The duke and duchess of Hamilton, 
and their son, the earl of Arran, gave a letter of attorney, July 30, 1683, to 
Edward Randolph, one of the commissioners, to prosecute their claim before 
the commission. The letter is printed in Hinman's Antiquities of Connecticut 
("Letters of English Kings and Queens," etc.), pages 157-8. The commis- 
sioners held various sessions, and decided that the jurisdiction of the Narraganset 
Country belonged to Connecticut, aud the soil to the Narraganset purchasers. 
Their report, dated Boston, October 20, 1633, is printed in the Rhode Island 
Historical Collections, vol. iii. pp. 229-38, and in the Massachusetts Historical 
Collections, vol. v. pp. 233-44. Randolph did not arrive until after the report 
had been agreed upon and signed. The commission, however, again convened, 
heard the duke's deed read, aud listened to the pleas of Randolph, which they 
voted to transmit, with the answers of the Narraganset proprietors, to the King 
for his consideration. 

After the accession of James II. the earl of Arran petitioned, April 3, 1685, 
in behalf of his claims. The petition was referred, with others, to the Board 
of Trade. 

Much on this subject will be found in Arnold's History of Rhode Island, vol. 
i. pp. 119. 305, 471-80; 505, 529, 537-8; vol. ii. p. 90. An abstract of docu- 
ments relating to the claim is printed in the Records of the Colony of Connec- 
ticut, edited by Dr. J. Hammond Trumbull, vol. ii. appendix, pp. 333-36. See 
also Rhode Island Historical Collections, vol. iii. pp. 226-40; Trumbull's Con- 
necticut, vol. i. p. 284; Massachusetts Historical Collections, vol. v. pp. 
216-44.— Editor. 

1891.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 75 


Communicated by the Rev. George M. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from vol. xliv. page 331.] 

A General Review of the Events of the War. 

The sole object of this series of papers was, at the beginning, 
the preservation in convenient form of the names of those sol- 
diers who served in the Indian War of 1675-7^ known as "King 
Philip's War"; so called from the name of the recognized leader 
of that war, whose Indian name was Metacom or Pometacom, or 
Metacomet ; but whom the English called Philip. He was the 
second son of Massasoit, who at the settlement of the English at 
Plymouth and Boston seems to have been chief sachem of all the 
various tribes and fragments of tribes living between the Charles 
River and Xarraganset Bay, and including that part of Rhode 
Island east of the Bay, and also the Cape Cod tribes. The rule of 
Massasoit. was probably rather indefinite both as to limits of territory 
and extent of authority over the subordinate chiefs. While Massa- 
soit seems to have been the acknowledged head of the tribes within 
the limits above named, the league between the chiefs of the tribes 
was evidently very loose, and held mostly for convenience in 
defence, and perhaps for the settlement of difficulties between indi- 
vidual tribes. The territory of this Sachem was bounded upon the 
west by the Xipmucks and Narragansets. But a very great propor- 
tion of this had been sold by the Sachems before the opening of the 
war. Massasoit had several children, three of whom are known to 
us by name ; Wamsutta and Metacom, who came to Plymouth 
about 1656 and at their own request received English names from 
the Governor, who "christened" them "Alexander" and "Philip." A 
sister of these was the wife of Tuspaquin, chief of the Namaskets ; she 
was called by the English " Amie." Mention is made of another son 
and also a daughter, but I have not proper authority for their names. 
Alexander married a Sachem's daughter, or widow, of the Pocasset 
tribe, and after his death, soon following Massasoit's, 1661 or , (')2, she 
returned to her own people, and ruled there with influence and 
ability until the war ; when her second husband, Petananuet, Petono- 
wowett, or "Peter Nunnuit" (as he is sometimes called), took sides 
with the English, she, possibly reluctantly, joined the fortunes of 
Philip, who had married her sister Wootonekanuske, and had great 
influence with her. 

Massasoit had always maintained a cordial and firm friendship 
with the English ; and it would seem that Alexander also was some- 
vol. xlv. 8 

76 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

what of his father's nature and disposition. The moment, however, 
which saw Philip raised to the place of power, gave signal of a far 
different course of conduct on the part of the Wampanoag Sachem. 
The limits of his father's olden territory had been greatly reduced 
before he came to power. The English had purchased and other- 
wise absorbed a large proportion of their lands. Philip kept on 
selling and surrendering, till at last, as early as 1670-1, he began 
to feel the pressure of civilization upon their hunting and fishing 
grounds as well as cornfields. The Court at Plymouth itself had 
interfered and forbidden the transfer of certain parts of the Wam- 
panoag territories, and thus doubtless saved the Indians in various 
tribes a home. Pokanoket, the hereditary home, was thus saved to 
Philip's people ; and here he lived at the time of the opening of the 
war. This place was called by the English "Mount Hope," and it 
is now embraced in the town of Bristol, R. I. 

But now having given some account of the principal character in 
the war, we may state briefly the method of collecting the material 
in these papers, and the purpose of this present chapter. 

The method adopted in arranging the soldier's names needs ex- 
planation. The material which served as the basis of the work, and 
indeed first suggested the undertaking, was found in three manu- 
script volumes, containing the accounts of John Hull, who was the 
Treasurer of the colony at the time of the war. These volumes are 
devoted to the accounts pertaining to the war, and consist of a 
Journal and two Ledgers. The Journal was opened June 24th, 1675, 
and originally contained over five hundred pages, as the Ledger 
shows, but now has only four hundred and sixty-one complete. 
There was evidently a later Journal and also a Ledger, now missing, 
which belonged to the set. The third book is later, and contains the 
closing accounts in the war. These old books were preserved in 
private r ands for a century and a half, until discovered by one who 
appreciated their value for genealogy and history, and secured them 
for those purposes. In searching these books for the name of one who 
served in the Indian war, the present writer discovered the impor- 
tance of the accounts in the matter of the Indian war of 1675. Every 
soldier who served in that war is credited with military service, and 
the name of the officer under whom he served is given in the credit. 
The date at which payment is made is given in the "Cash" account, 
but the time and place of service is not designated ; nor is the 
residence nor any further information about the soldier given. 
Some of the soldiers served at different times and under different 
officers. The best method therefore of arranging the men in com- 
panies was found to be that of following the names of the officers as 
they occur in the credits. The names were thus gathered from the 
Journal, and placed in companies with their officers. Then the 
fortunes of each company were followed as carefully as possible 
throughout the several campaigns of the war. But it was found 

1891.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 11 

that a great amount of unpublished material is still preserved in our 
State Archives, County and Town Kecords, and elsewhere ; and 
this, in the light of the great number of names identified in these 
credits as soldiers, becomes available and interesting as history. 
Additional material has been gathered and incorporated here from 
all sources, whenever it would add to the sum of knowledge con- 
cerning the war. 

The officers and soldiers, many of them, served in several, some 
in all the different campaigns ; and thus in following their fortunes, it 
was necessary to go over the same events many times, so_ as to 
marshal the various companies in order in the military operations. 

It will be seen that by this method of arrangement, a great 
amount of important material has been massed together conveniently 
for the study of history, while the story of the war lias not been 
followed by consecutive events, but according to the experience of 
individual officers and companies. It is proposed in this final 
chapter to give a brief account of the war, following events in order 
as nearly as possible. It will not be necessary to discuss the causes 
leading up to the war. It is enough to say here, that the English 
had assumed the government of the country, and followed their 
course of settlement with small regard to the rights of the natives. 
In some of the plantations, the settlers purchased their lands of the 
Indians, as a matter of precaution ; partly that they might have that 
show of title in case any other claim should be set up in opposition 
to theirs, and partly to conciliate the savages, whose hostility they 
feared, and whose friendship was profitable in the way of trade, in 
furs and other products of the hunt. The Indians were always at 
disadvantage with the English, in all the arts of civilized life. The 
English paid no heed to Indian laws or customs or traditions ; and 
ruthlessly imposed their own laws, customs and religious ideas, with 
no apparent thought of their intolerance and injustice. They made 
treaties with the savages in the same terms which they would have 
used had they been dealing with a civilized nation. They made 
out deeds, in language which only the learned framers themselves 
could understand. In brief, the Pilgrims and Puritans mostly 
looked upon the Indians as heathen, whose "inheritance'' God 
meant to give to his people, as of old he had dealt with Israel and 
their heathen. There were some, however, who, with Rev. John 
Eliot, believed that the Indians had immortal souls, and that they 
were given to God's people to educate and save. But there was 
nothing which the rulers of the Indians resented more persistently, 
nor complained of more frequently, than the attempts of the Chris- 
tians to convert their people. Indirectly one of these converted 
Indians was the immediate cause of the opening of hostilities. There 
were many grievances of which the Indians complained ; but they 
had not the foresight to see the inevitable result of the constantly 
increasing power of the English, in their acquisition of land, and 

78 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

multiplying of settlements. It was only when they felt the pressure 
of actual privation or persecution, that they began to think of 
opposition or revenge. Their chiefs had been summoned frequently 
before the English courts to answer for some breach of law by their 
subjects ; several times the English had demanded that whole tribes 
should give up their arms because of the fault of one or a few. 
The Indians live mostly by hunting and fishing, and at the time of 
the war used fire-arms almost wholly. They had learned their use 
and bought the arms of the English, nearly always at exorbitant 
prices. They were expert in the use of their guns, and held them as 
the most precious of their possessions. The order to give these over 
to the English., with their stock of ammunition, was regarded by 
them as robbery, as indeed in most cases it was, as they seldom 
regained their arms when once given up. AVe can now see that 
from their standpoint there were grievances enough to drive them 
to rebellion. But our forefathers seem to have been unable to see 
any but their own side. But now to the story. 

John Sassamon (Mr. Hubbard says Sausaman) was the son of a 
Wampanoag Indian who with his wife and family lived in Dorchester. 
They had been taught by Mr. Eliot, and professed the Christian 
faith. The son John was the pupil of Mr. Eliot from his early 
youth, and was made a teacher among the Christian Indians at 
Natick. Mr. Hubbard says that "upon some misdemeanor" there, 
he went to the Wampanoags, where he became the secretary and inter- 
preter of the chief, to whom he was a most valuable assistant and 
trusted adviser. He was soon prevailed upon by Mr. Eliot to return 
to Natick, where he became a preacher, while still preserving 
friendly relations with Philip and his tribe. In 1672-3 he was 
at Namasket as preacher among the Indians, whose chief was 
Tuspaquin, whose daughter Sassamon had married. While here 
he discovered that a plot was in process, extending among many 
tribes, to exterminate or drive away the English settlers from the 
country. This plot Sassamon disclosed to the authorities at Ply- 
mouth, and afterwards the story was told to the Massachusetts 
authorities ; and Philip was summoned to answer to the charge. 
At the examination, where nothing positive could be proved against 
Philip, he found by the evidence that Sassamon had betrayed him, 
and he immediately condemned him to death in his council. The 
sentence was carried out January 29, 1674-5 while Sassamon was 
fishing through the ice upon Assawomset Pond. His executioners 
were brought to punishment, and it was discovered that the deed was 
done by Philip's order. The trial was in March, 1675, and the 
principal actor, Tobias, and his accomplice, Mattashunannamoo, 
were executed as murderers, June 8, 1675 ; while Tobias's son, who 
was present but took no part in the crime, was reprieved for one 
month and then shot. After the execution of the two in June, Philip 
threw off all disguise as to his plan, and pushed his preparations as 

1891.] Soldiers in Ring Philip* s War, 79 

diligently as possible. The plan had been to complete preparations 
and include all the tribes in New England, so that a simultaneous 
assault could be made upon all the settlements at once. This plan was 
spoiled, and probably the settlements saved from destruction, by the 
impatience of the leader's vengeance. While Philip's preparations 
went forward, the authorities thought best not to make any immediate 
military demonstration further than the placing of a guard by the 
various settlements to prevent a surprise. They thought Philip 
would soon tire of holding his men in arms and training, so that 
they could get him in their power. But his company increased, and 
the younger warriors began to demand some open act of hostility. 
At last they began not only to insult the English settlers in the 
nearest settlements, by their words of insolence and threats, but to 
shoot their cattle and plunder their houses. The Indians increased 
greatly in numbers, from the neighboring tribes, many "strange 
Indians" appearing among them, and most of their women and chil- 
dren being sent away to the Narraganset country. At Swansy they 
appeared in considerable numbers, and used all their ways of provo- 
cation to induce some act of resistance from the settlers ; and at last, 
upon June 24th, one man was so enraged at the shooting of his 
cattle and the attempt to rifle his house, that he shot at an Indian, 
wounding him. Upon this the Indians began open and indiscrimi- 
nate hostility, and on that day eight or nine of the English at 
Swansy were killed and others wounded. Two men were sent for 
a surgeon, but were waylaid and slain, and their bodies left upon the 
road. Messengers, sent from the English authorities to treat with 
Philip and prevent an outbreak, came upon the bodies of the men 
slain in the highway, and speedily turned back. The colonies awoke 
to the fact that an Indian war was upon them, but supposed that a 
few companies sent down to Swansy would at once overawe the 
savages and reduce them to submission. A speedy muster was made, 
both at Plymouth and Boston, and on the afternoon of June 26th, 
five companies were mustering or on the march from the two colonies. 
The details of the account of the war will be found in the body of 
the preceding chapters. Here only a brief outline of current events 
can be given. The first company of infantry from Boston was made 
up from the regular military companies of the town. A company of 
cavalry, or " troopers," was gathered from the regular organization 
in three counties. A third company, of "volunteers," raised about 
the town and vicinity, from all sorts of adventurers, sea-faring men 
and strangers, with a number of prisoners who had been convicted 
of piracy and condemned to death, but were now released to engage 
in fighting the Indians. Capt. Daniel Henchman commanded the 
first company ; Capt. Thomas Prentice the troopers, and Capt. 
Samuel Mosely the "volunteers." These three companies marched 
out of Boston on the 26th and 27th and arrived at Swansy on the 
28tb, having formed a junction with the Plymouth forces under 
vol. xlv. 8* 

80 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

Major James Cud worth and Capt. Fuller. The forces quartered 
about the house of Rev. John Miles, the minister at Swansy, whose 
place was nearest the bridge leading over the river into Philip's 
dominions. Some of the troopers that evening rode across the bridge 
and had a slight skirmish with the enemy. On the 29th, Major 
Thomas Savage arrived with another company of foot with Capt. 
Nicholas Paige's troop. Major Savage took command of the 
Massachusetts forces ; while, according to the custom in the United 
Colonies, the senior officer of the colony in which the forces were 
engaged at the time became commander-in-chief. The present seat 
of war being in Plymouth colony, Major Cudworth'was thus the 
commander of the whole army. On June 30th, the troopers, sup- 
ported by Mosely 's company, charged across the bridge for a mile 
into the woods, driving the enemy before them into swamps, with a 
loss of five or six, Ensign Perez Savage being severely wounded on 
the English side. This charge so frightened the Indians that they 
fled, in the night, out of their peninsula of Mount Hope, across the 
channel to Pocasset, now Tiverton, R. I., so that on the next day 
when the whole force marched over into Mount Hope, and marched 
back and fcrth sweeping the country with their lines, they found no 
enemy. The forces were engaged several days in scouting the 
neighboring country in search of the Indians, not yet knowing that 
the main body were in Pocasset. 

Then orders came from Boston for Major Savage's forces to march 
into Narraganset, to enforce a treaty with that powerful tribe, and 
prevent their junction with Philip. They found the country appar- 
ently deserted, few except the very aged being left in any of the 
villages. Neither Canonchet nor any of his leading Sachems could 
be found. The officers, however, spent several days completing a 
very ceremonious treaty with some of the old men whom they were 
able to bring together. Canonchet afterwards treated the whole 
matter with scorn a3 being a farce. 

In the meantime the Plymouth forces passed over to Pocasset and 
found a body of Indians, and had a skirmish with them. Capt. 
Fuller was in command, and Benjamin Church conducted a part of 
the force, which became engaged with a much larger force, and after 
hard fighting were drawn off with difficulty by the tact and courage 
of Mr. Church, after inflicting serious injury upon the enemy, and 
suffering little loss themselves. After this the Indians retired into 
the swamps about Pocasset, and were held at bay until the return of 
the Massachusetts forces ; when all marched together for concerted 
action against their enemies. 

On July 18th the combined forces arrived at the Pocasset swamp, 
and made a resolute attack upon the enemy concealed in the thick 
underbrush, from whence at the first volley they killed five and 
wounded seven of our men. After this volley the enemy retreated 
deeper into the swamp, where it was impossible, night coming on, 

1891.] John Lahirfs Deed, 1653. . 81 

to follow them. The commanders in council concluded that they 
had the enemy now enclosed securely within the swamp, whence it 
was impossible to escape, if a suitable guard were, left to watch. 
Major Savage and the Massachusetts men returned to Boston, except 
Capt. Henchman's company of one hundred men, who, with the 
Plymouth forces, remained at Pocasset. Capt. Henchman began to 
build a fort there, which might serve as a stronghold for the English 
and might guard the entrance to the great swamp. 

[To be continued.] 


Communicated by the Hon. Samuel A. Gkebx, M.D., of Boston. 

The following deed by indenture, once belonging to John Lakin, 
of Groton, wa3 found several years ago among some old papers in 
that town. In early times deeds were often given in this form, as 
there was then no general system of public registration. Lakin 
was a native of England, who came to this country with his elder 
brother William, his mother, and his grandfather Lakin. • The 
family settled first at Reading, where the name was sometimes 
spelled Laukin ; and a few years later they were all living at Gro- 
ton. In the spring of 1655 the two brothers were petitioners for 
the Groton Plantation, and both were original proprietors of the 
town, each owning a twenty-acre right. Their names are given in 
the fac-simile copy of the petition, printed in the Register (xxxvi. 23) 
for January, 1882, where it is stated that the signatures appended 
to the document vary in the style of hand-writing, though they 
do not appear to be autographs, and may have been written by the 
same person. From the resemblance between Lakin's signature to 
this deed and several of the signatures to the petition, I am inclined 
to think that he wrote some of the names on that paper ; and perhaps 
William Martin, who heads the list of signers, wrote others. 

John Lakin married Mary, daughter of Michael Bacon, as appears 
from a communication in the Register (xli. 262) for July, 1887 ; 
and George Polle (or Polly) married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward 
Winn, as appears from Sewall's History of Woburn (page 630) ; 
and these facts will account for their witnessing the deed. 

The following is a copy of the instrument, line for line, with a fac- 
simile of the two signatures in exact size : — 

Know all men by this presant Writing that I Gorg polle do 
acknoledg the whol sale with the Consent of my wife of all 
The land and buldding I haue be longing to me liing in the boundes 
of Woborne with all the Rightes and preuilidgs that now doth or 
shall for euer here after be long to the saide land and Buldding 
with all the pertickiliers that here after as expressed Namely the 

82 United States Direct Tax o/1798. [Jan. 

Dwelling lious with the Barne and three accors of brokup land 
a Joynning to the dwelling hous with all the un brokeup land all 
the fensing be loingin to the house lott and nintene accors of land 
Liing in the new Bridg feeld six accors liing be twixt a parsall of 
land of sargin tides and a parsall of land of moses cleaueland and 
three accors of brokeup land liing be twixt a parsall of land 
of John Couttlers and parsall of land of heuneri Jeftes and 
tenn accares of land liing be twixt a parsall of land of henneri 
Jefts and a parsall of land of Thomas Browne with the fencing 
that doth be loner to the said land vn to John Lakin of Redding 
To him his eares and a sines for euer in Considderrations of the 
soumes of fifti pounds thirty pounds for the first pament in Corne 
and Catel is to be tow oxen and tow Coues to be paide at mickcilmus 
Next and the Corne to be paid be twixt mickcilmous and may day 
And the Rest at that time twelmant after and for the Corne 
■ in equall propotion in wheat in Rye in Endin Corne and the said gorg 
polle is to do halfe the worke of digin of a sealler and stonning it 
and the said gorg polle is to do halfe the wrke of digin a well to 
get watter and to stone it at any Conueniant time when the 
saide iohn lakin shall Require him and the said gorg polle is to 
set up the howse of the barne afore said soufHssintli now 
preasant ly and the said gorg polle is to haue his Cattel at 
eaight yeres ould or under all but tow oxen) the parties aboue 
written here vn to set to Both there Hands this present day 
the 10 of aprill 1653 , 

Witness in the presanc of V3 •* * tflL 

Michaell bacon J$° ^J / 

Edward winn V^ 



On the 24th of August, 1844, Mr. William II. Montague,— one 
of the founders of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, 
of whom a memoir will be found in the Register for October, 
1890, — was appointed Debenture Clerk in the Custom House at 
Boston. While holding the office he made the discovery of the 

1891.] Notes and Queries. 83 

returns of the United States Direct Tax of 1798 for the state of "Massa- 
chusetts, including the District of Maine, which returns have been 
bound in twenty thick folio volumes and are preserved in the library 
of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society. Mr. Montague 
having occasion to go to the Custom House earlier than usual, found 
the janitor making a fire, and taking up some of the paper used to 
kindle it, he saw on examining the sheets that they were returns of 
the above-named tax. He asked the janitor where he got the paper, 
and was shown a large pile of these returns. Directions were given 
that no more of them should be destroyed, and application was made 
to have them deposited in the library of this Society, which, after 
some unavoidable delay, was granted. Before depredations were 
made, they contained an inventory of all the buildings and lands in 
the state, with their valuation and the names of every owner and 
every occupant. The returns for Boston will be printed by the 
Boston Record Commissioners. Those of no other state are known 
to be preserved, though duplicate returns of each state were made, 
one of which was sent to Washington. 



The Preservation of Beautiful and Historical Places est Massachu- 
setts. — On May 21th, 1890, a conference of persons interested in the preserva- 
tion of scenery and historical sites was held in Boston at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology. President Henry H. Sprague, of the State Senate, 
presided. Suggestive speeches were made by the Hon. Leverett Saltonstall, 
Judge William S. Shurtleff, Professor C. E. "Norton, Mr. J. B. Harrison, and 
others ; and letters from Governor Brackett, Dr. Holmes, Mr. Whittier, and 
many others, were read. The Conference created a Committee to promote the 
preservation of beautiful and historical sites in Massachusetts, and this Com- 
mittee now issues the following Circular (No. 1) : 

The fundamental facts of the subject with which the Committee has to deal 
are two, namely : 

1st. It is the self-interest of the Commonwealth to preserve, for the enjoy- 
ment of her people and their guests, all her finest scenes of natural beauty and 
all her places of historical interest. 

2d. Private ownership of such scenes and places now prevails, so that not 
only is the public completely barred out from many especially refreshing and 
interesting spots, but these valuable places are often robbed of their beauty or 
interest for some small private gain. 

The problem calls for intelligent action on the part of the Legislature, and 
generous action on the part of private citizens. The Committee wdll ask the 
Legislature to act for the best interests of the Commonwealth by establishing 
a Board of Trustees, capable of holding lands for the use and enjoyment of the 
public ; and the Committee will ask the owners of lands, and the possessors of 
money which can buy or maintain lands, to endow the Trustees with suitable 
lands and considerable funds immediately upon their incorporation. With the 
fostering approval of the Legislature, the large and small gifts of enlightened 
citizens have provided Massachusetts with colleges, libraries, art museums, and 
hospitals. When the State shall have established the necessary organization, 
gifts of beautiful and interesting places and sites may be confidently expected, 
for no nobler use of wealth can be imagined. 

84 - Notes and Queries, [Jan. 

Judge William S. Shnrtleff of Springfield, Hon. Henry L. Parker of Worces- 
ter, and Moses Williams, Esq., of Brookline, have been appointed a Sub-Com- 
mittee on Legislation. The establishment of an advisory Board, in addition to 
the Board of Trustees, Trill probably be recommended to the Legislature, its 
members to be elected as Delegates from existing incorporated associations. 
The State possesses many thriving historical and out-of-door societies, and 
they will be called upon to unite in establishing and assisting a Board of 
Trustees which shall be capable of holding property valuable to one and all. 
Such acts of the Trustees as involve the assumption of permanent trusts will 
come before this Board of Delegates for confirmation. 

The Committee desires to hear from the officers of all societies which may 
wish to send Delegates to the proposed Board, and also from the officers or 
members of any societies which may see fit to assist the Committee by adopting 
resolutions favoring tha establishment of the proposed Board of Trustees for 
public places. 

The Committee hopes to be informed of ail movements now on foot looking 
to the opening to the public of any beautiful or historical places, as also of all 
lands which it may be desirable and possible to obtain for the proposed 
Trustees. Letters may be addressed to the nearest member of the Committee, 
or to the Secretary. Charles Eliot, 50 State Street, Boston. 

Lastly, the Committee requests all persons who may feel interested in this 
attempt to facilitate the preservation of natural scenery and of historical mem- 
orials to send contributions for this purpose to the Treasurer of the Committee, 
George Wigglesworth, Esq., 89 State Street, Boston. If the working fund can 
be made large enough, the work of the Committee, can go on prosperously ; 
otherwise it must languish. 

Committee. — Erancis A. Walker, Boston; Sarah II. Crocker, Boston; Marion 
Talbot, Boston ; Wra. C. Burrage, Boston ; C. S. Rackemann, Milton; George 
C. Mann, Jamaica Plain; L. Saltonstall, Chestnut Hill; F. L. Olmsted, Brook- 
line; C. S. Sargent, Brookline; Moses Williams, Brookline; Sylvester Baxter, 
Maiden; Elizabeth Howe. Cambridge; Wm. S. Shnrtleff, Springfield; Joseph 
Tucker, Pittsfield; Christopher Clarke, Northampton; Richard Goodman, 
Lenox; Franklin Carter. Williamstown : George Sheldon, Deerfield: Henry M. 
Dexter, New Bedford; Henry M. Lovering, Taunton: George R. Briggs. Ply- 
mouth; J. Evarts Greene, Worcester; Henry L. Parker, Worcester; Philip A. 
Chase, Lynn; W. C. Endicott. Jr., Salem. 

Henry P. Walcott, Cambridge, Chairman. 
George Wigglesworth, Boston, Treasurer. 

Charles Eliot, Boston, Secretary. 

The Publishing Committee have been requested to insert the above circular in 
the Register. Other circulars giving details have been issued, which can be 
obtained *f the secretary, Charles Eliot, 50 State Street, room 50, Boston, Mass. 

Frenches in New and Old England : — 

John 1 French, of Ipswich, was a Denison subscriber in 16-48 ; he went to North- 
ampton, Mass., and held land at Deertiekl : he married Freedom, daughter of John 
Kingsley of Dorchester, and afterwards of Rehoboth. His wife Freedom French 
died at Northampton, 26 July, 1689. He died there 1st Feb'y, 1697. Children: 

1. John- French, born in 1655 ; married at Rehoboth, Nov. 27th, 1678, Mary 
Palmer; 2^, Hannah. His will was proved April 20th, 1725. 

2. Thomas 2 French, born at Ipswich, May 23d, 1657; settled at Deerfield; 
married Oct. 18th, 1683, Mary, daughter of John Catliu; she was captured and 
killed March 9th, 1704, on ibe march into Canada. 2d, married Feby 16th. 1709, 

Hannah, daughter of Atkisson; she had first married, Nov. 17th, 167-4, 

Joseph Edwards, at Northampton; 2d, she married, March 2d, 1691, Benoni 
Stebbins; and her 3d husband was Thomas French as above stated. He died 
April 3, 1733. His wife Hannah French died Sept. 7, 1735. 

3. Mary- French, horn at Ipswich, F^'oy 27th, 1659; married Samuel Stebbins, 
son of John Stebbins, of Rowland. Divorced Dec. 27th, 1692. 

4. Samuel- French, born at Ipswich, Feb'y 26th, 1661; died Sept. 3d, 1683, 
Savage states unmarried. 

5. Hannah 2 French, born at Ipswich, March 8th, 1664; married Francis Keet. 

1891.] U~otes and Queries. 85 

Elizabeth French married Samuel Pomeroy, son of Caleb Pomeroy of Eltwed. 

Jonathan French had a wife Sorah, as appears by the administration of his 
estate, granted to his widow in 1714. 

Thomas French, of Ipswich, Mass., married, Feb. 29th, 1659, Mary Adams; 
in 1687, according to one of the publications of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, he was among " the six principal resistants at Ipswich" to the Andros 
Tax ; as such the Rev. John Wise was suspended from his ministerial functions, 
fined, and gave a bond for his good behavior. John Appleton, John Andrews, 
Sr., Robert Kinsman, William Goodhue, Jr., and Thomas French were excluded 
from bearing office, fined, and gave bouds for good behavior for one year. Five 
of these, with possibly John Appleton, proved their damages sustained, before 
Chief Judge Dudley, k - for their unwillingness to Rayse money without the con- 
sent of the people." 

Richard French.— -By the Court held at Plymouth, Mass., May 3d, 1659, it 
appears by its records, that Richard French owed His Highness the Lord Pro- 
tector, £40; he may have been a relative of Peter French, D.D., canon of 
Christ Church, Oxford, who married Rebina, sister of Oliver Cromwell. 

A. D. Weld French. 

Lawrence. — Rev. Lawrence B. Thomas, on page 129 of his Pedigrees of 
Thomas, Chew and Lawrance (New York, 1883), quotes a MS. letter received 
from the late Mr. G. D. Scull, the editor and author, who was a frequent and 
valued contributor to the Register, announcing the discovery, on the Register 
of St. Stephen's Church, just outside of St Albans, Hertfordshire, of a record 
of the marriage, 16 Feb. 1617-3, of William Lawrence and Joan Brooke: and 
Mr. Thomas entertains ; 'no reasonable doubt they were the ancestors of the 
American family." 

As applicable to the above, attention should be given to the age of Jane, 
wife of George Giddinge, of Ipswich, a daughter of Joan Tuttle, which is 
entered on the list of passengers by the Planter (Register, vol. 14, pp. 603-4) 
as 20 years, on 2d April, 1635. Geo. A. Gordon. 

Laughton. — On a former occasion, I sent some English monumental inscrip- 
tions, likely to be of interest to Americans, which were printed in the Register 
[vol. 44, p. 115]. Below I send an inscription I met with on a tombstone in 
Hornsey Churchyard, Middlesex. R. H. Edleston. 

Cambridge, Engla nd. 

Here lieth the Remains of j William Laugfiton [?] late of Highgate j in this 
Parish | and Formerly of Boston | In New England Merchant j who died Octo- 
ber y e - - 1784 ; Aged 63 I cars | Also the Remains of j Miss [?] Susanna 
Laughton [?] j 'Daughter of the above | who died Feb^ y e 28 th 17*5 | Agtd 30 

Years j Also the Remains of j [?] Miss [?] Lydia Joy | Daughter of M r | 

[rest hidden.] [Upright stone, worn, and inscriptions in parts indistinct.] 

Thomas Johnston was an early Boston engraver, and lies buried in the King's 
Chapel Burying Ground. Thomas Bridgman, in his "Memorials of the Dead 
in Boston" (page 79), gives the epitaph very incorrectly; and for that reason I 
send you the following copy : — S. a. g. 

Here lies Buried 

the Body of 

M r . Thomas Johnston 

who departed this Life 

May 8 th . 1767 

Aged 59 Years. 

EbrnezerButterfteld, of Townsend, blacksmith, Martha Cleveland, widow, 
Jonathan and Dorothy Fish, sell all their rights in the estate of Gershom Heald, 
late of Concord . being lawful heirs by the death of our honoured mother, Dorothy 
Buttertield late of Westford, to Stephen Biood, 5 June, 1765. 

Mdx. Deeds, Lib. lxvi : 121. 

86 JVotes and Queries. [Jan. 

Clarke. — In my " Genealogy of the Descendants of Nathaniel Clarke of New- 
bury, Mass.," published in 1885, page 7, I suggest a near kinship between the 
said Nathaniel and some of the Chirks at Ipswich. My later investigations 
discredit this theory, and I have abandoned it. On page 35 of the above work 
I refer to an assertion, which has been in print, that John Gage of Rowley was 
a younger sou of Sir John Gage, created a baronet, March 26, 1622. It seems 
to me that the evidence is conclusive that this assumed relationship is purely 
fictitious, and that the ancestry of John Gage of Rowley must be sought for 
elsewhere. g. k. c. 

Pea. Miles Ward. — The following item from " The Boston Post-Boy and 
Advertiser," September 10, 17G4, may have sufficient genealogical interest to 
be inserted among the Notes of the Register. — s. a. g. 

On the 20th of last Month died at Salem, Deacon 3Iilcs Ward aged 02 Years : 
He was of a chearful Disposition which he retained with his Memory to the 
last; he never had been ill till very lately, and then only weak and lame with 
age; he was able to give a very particular Account of Things done upwards of 
80 Years ago : he was a Person of Good Conversation, a good Neighbour and 
Friend, and a sincere tho' chearful Christian. His first Wife was Daughter of 
Mr. John Massey, who was the first English Male Child born in the Massachusets 


Marfan or Marion. — A wish to learn the origin of that William Marean who 
married at Roxbury, Mass., 7 Jan. 1701-2, with Elizabeth Chirk, led to the com- 
pilation of the following records, from such sources as I could reach. The 
question is not yet solved, and I will be thankful for any help which can be 
given by those who are within reach of the records. The family pronounce the 
name in three syllables, with the accent on the second. 

A careful study of the printed records of Boston, 1G30-1700, has convinced 
me that persons mentioned under a variety of names were really of one family — 
Marion, Marean or Merion. I send this study in the hope that it may be of 
service to some other student. 

D. Williams Patterson, of Newark Valley, N. Y. 

1. John 1 Marion", a cordwainer, of Watertown, Mass., about 1640, married 
with Sarah Eddy, daughter of John and Amy Eddy. They removed to Boston, 
Mass., before 22 Feb. 1651-52; and he was made a freeman 26 May, 1652. as 
"Jo. Marrjon.'' He was selectman in Boston in 1693, and died there 7 Jan. 
1705-06, in his 86th year. She died 3 Feb. 1709-10, in her 85th year. 

Children of John 1 and Sarah (Eddy) Marion : 

2. i. Mary-Marion, born at Watertown about November. 1641 ; died there 
in January, 1641— 12; and was buried 24 Jan. L641-42, aged two months. 

3. ii. John 2 Marion, born at Watertown, 12 May, 1643; and died in three 

4. iii. Elizabeth 2 Marion, born about 1644; married 10 Jan. WG7)-C>G, with 
Henry Dearborn, son of Godfrey Dearborn of Hampton. She died 6 July, 1716, 
aged 72 years. See Savage's Dictionary, II. p. 32. 

5. iv. John 2 Marion, b. probably at Boston, about 1651; baptized there 22 
Feb. 1651-52, as sou of ''.John Merion." He went to Cambridge, Mass., re- 
turned to Boston, and married with Anna Harrison, daughter of John aud 
Persis ( ) Harrison., of Boston, where she was baptized in the First Church 
21 Dec. 1656. He joined the First Church in Boston 26 Aug. 1677; was made a 
freeman 15 Oct. 1679, as "John Marriou"; and was a member of the Ancient 
and Honorable Artillery Company in 16!) 1. lll< wife died 3 Nov. 1692, in her 
35th year, and was buried in the Granary Burial Ground. He was ordained a 
deacon of the Fir.-?t Church 6 Sept. 1696, and was a selectman in 169s. He 
married 2d. 27 June. 1700. witli Mrs. Prudence (Balston) Turner, a widow, 
daughter of Jonathan and Mary ( ) Balston, of Boston, where she was 
born, 28 May, 1655. Mr. Bridgman erroneously ascribes this marriage to his 

1891.] Notes and Queries, 87 

sou Joan Marion, who died in infancy. " Deacon John Marion died on 
Wednesday, January 3d, 1728, in the 78th year of his age. He was a very im- 
portant man in Boston, equal in rank and influence to any person there. A 
Christian man. ' Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord.' He was interred 

in the King's Chapel Burial Ground. Mrs. Prudence Marion died . She 

was interred in the Granary Yard." See Bridgman's Memorials of the Dead 
in Boston. — King's Chapel Burial Ground, p. 264. 

6. v. Isaac 2 Merion, born in Boston, 20 Jan. 1G52-53 ; baptized there 30 Jan. 
1C52-53, as son of ''John Meriam." He had a wife, " Phoebe.'' He joined the 
First Church in Boston in 1696. He died 25 June, 1721, aged 72 years. His 
will, proved 13 July, 1724, gave all of his property to his wife and her heir3. 
She died 27 Oct. 1724, aged G7 years. 

7. vi. Samuel 2 Miriam, born in Boston, "14 Dec." 1655, according to the 
printed record, which should, perhaps, be 4 December, as he was baptized there 
9 Dec. 1655, as son of "John Meriam." He had a wife, Hannah, who died 4 
April, 1688, " in a sad manner." He was a member of the Artillery Company 
in 1691. He married 2d, with Mary Wilson, daughter of Edward and Mary 
(Hale) Wilson, of Charlestown, Mass., where she was baptized 20 July, 1662, 
and owned the covenant 4 Jan. 1690-91. She died 6 Aug. 1726, and was buried 
in King's Chapel Cemetery. 

8. vii. Sarah 2 Miriam, born at Boston, 24 April, 1658; baptized there 25 
April, 1G58, as daughter of "John Meriam." Mr. Bridgman says she married 
with John Balstou. 

9. viii. Thomasln 2 Mirriam (daughter "of John and Hannah"), born at 
Boston, 19 Sept. 1660; baptized there as " Tomiseu of John Meriam," 23 Sept. 
1660. Mr. Bridgman. says she married with James Penniman. 

10. ix. Mary 2 Miriam, born at Boston, 15 May, 1663 ; baptized there as 
" Mary Meriam," 24 May, 16G3. 

11. x. Joseph 2 Marion, born at Boston, 14 Oct. 1666; baptized there 21 Oct. 
1666, as son of "John Meriam." 

12. xi. Benjamin 2 Marion, born at Boston, 25 Aug. 1670; baptized there 4 
Sept. 1670, as son of " John Meriam." 

Children of John 2 and Ann (Harrison) Marion : 

13. i. John 3 Marion, born at Boston, 17 Aug. 1684; baptized there 31 Aug. 
1684; and died young. 

14. ii. John 3 Marion, born at Boston, 30 May, 1685; baptized there 5 July, 
1685 ; and died young. 

15. iii. Joseph 3 Marian, born at Boston, 10 June, 1686; baptized there 13 
June, 1686. 

16. iv. John 3 Marion, b. at Boston, 29 Aug. 16S7; baptized there 4 Sept. 
1687, by two records, one of which says "of John Miriam Junior." He died 

17. v. John 3 Marion, born at Boston, 28 June, 1 89; died there 15 Aug. 
1690, as " sou of John and Anna Maryon." 

Child of Isaac 2 and Phoebe ( ) Marion. 

18. i. Mary Marion, born at Boston, Mass., 4 Dec. 1682. 
Children of Samuel 2 and Hannah ( ) Marion : 

19. i. John 3 Marion, bom at Boston, 25 Dec. 1681; died there 1 March, 

20. ii. Hannah 3 Marion, born at Boston, 23 June, 1685. 

21. iii. Mary 8 Marion, born at Boston, 18 June, 1687; baptized there 18 
June, 1687, aged about 2 or 3 days, " of Samuel Mirian." 

Children of Samuel 2 and Mary (Wilson) Marion. 

22. iv. Samuel 3 Marion, born at Boston, 7 (Dr. Savage says 8) June, 1689; 
baptized at Charlestown, Mass., 4 Jan. 1690-91; married with Mary Ellis, 
daughter of Henry Ellis of Boston. 

23. v. Catharine 3 Maryon, born at Boston, 15 Sept. 1690; baptized at 
Charlestown, 26 April, 1691; married with Davis. 

24. vi. Edward 3 Maryon, born at Boston, 2 Dec. 1692 ; baptized at Charles- 
town, 11 June, 1693. 

25. vii. Isaac 3 Marion, born at Boston, 8 Nov. (Dr. Savage says March) 
1694; baptized at Charlestown, 11 Nov. 1694. 

26. viii. Elizabeth 3 Marion, born at Boston, 21 Nov. 1696, though Dr. 
Savage says 1G'J5. 

VOL. XLY. 9 

88 JVbtes and Queries. [Jan, 

27. ix. Joseph 3 Marion, born at Boston, 18 Dec. 169S; died young. 

28. x. Joanna Marion, born at Boston, 10 May, 1701. 

29. xi. John 3 Marion, born at Boston, 5 April/ 1703. 

30. xii. Joseph 3 Marion, born at Boston, 22 July, 1705. 

Ebenezer Grant was of Deertield, Mass., about 1731. Ebenezer Grant Marsh 
delivered orations at Yale Commencements, 1797 and 1798, and at Harvard 1799. 
James Dana, D.D., preached his funeral sermon at New Haven, Nov. 16, 1803. 
Was the second Ebenezer a descendant of the first? If so, in what line? 

Deerjield, Jfass. George Sheldon. 

Parentage wanted. — Who were the parents of the following women? 

Mary, wife of Robert Ashley of Springfield. 1(539. ., 

Helena, wife of Henry Glover of New Haven. 1646.-— 

Margaret, wife of Thomas Bliss of Hartford. 1636. 

Susanna, wife of Robert Blott of Northampton. 1610. 

Ann, wife of Hugh Caulkins of Gloucester. 1650. 

Mary, wife of Robert Francis of Wethersfield. 1651. 

Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Gorton of Warwick, R. I. 1650. 

Jane, wife of Joseph Merritt of Rye, N. Y. 1700. 

Sarah, wife of Adam Mott of Hingham. 1633. 

Margaret, wife of John Rathbone of Block Island. 1660. 

Joan, wife of Giles Siocum. 1642. 

Joan, wife of William Swift of Boston. 1631. 

Martha, wife of Henry Tucker of Dartmouth. 1653. 

Esther Allen, wife of Samuel Thompson of New Haven. 1735. 

Helen Anthony, wife of John Thompson of New Haven. 1665. 

Abigail Burt, wife of Thomas Stebbins of Westfleld. 1690. 

Mary Dingy, wife of Nehemiah Merritt of Quaker Hill, N. Y. 1760. 

Mary Hauxhurst, wife of Robert Coles of Roxbury. 1630. 

Susannah Holmes, wife of Valentine Wightman of Groton. 1703. 

Mary Hughes, wife of John Scott of Spencertown, N. Y. 174-4. 

Sarah Proctor, wife of William Douglas. 

Rebecca Wheeler, wife of Asa Douglas. 
Rhinebeck, X. Y. Douglas Merritt. 

Chute. — Lionel Chute and his wife Hannah Cheney disappear from the 
records of Newbury and Rowley about the year 1730. Can any one tell what 
became of them ? William E. Chute. 

Genealogical Blanks. — All persons using blank forms for the collection of 
genealogical material are requested to notify the undersigned, who will forward 
stamps, that specimen copies of such blanks may be forwarded to 

P. 0. Box 902, Jfiddletoicn, Conn. Frank Farnsworth Starr. 

Saffen. — Rebeekah Saffen, daughter of Thomas and Mary Saffen, was born 
in Newark, N. J-, Sept. 22, 1769, ami married, Nov. 7, 1790, John J., son of 
Josiah Crane of Newark. Sh^ died in New York, Oct. 26, 1847. John J. Crane 
was born March 8, 1767, and died in July, 1808. Persons who can furnish any 
information relating to the Saffen family will please address, 

41 West 45th Sk, A". T. City. G. Sidney Crane. 

Butteriteld-Ci.eveland. — Correction and Query. See Register, xliv. 39. 
Martha* Butterfield (Joseph,* Joseph, 3 Jonathan, 2 BenjaminM, married about 
1751-2 Enoch* Cleveland (Enoch, 3 Enoch, 2 Moses 1 ), lived at Westford. Chil- 
dren: Martha Cleveland, b. 1752; married John Stearns of Littleton, Mass. 
Enoch Ciereland, b. 1754. Did this Enoch marry at Petersham, Sept. 23, 1734, 
Olive Houghton? Did he marry 2d, Lydia Robinson, and live at Brandon, Vt.? 
Enoch and Lydia (Robinson) Cleveland had a daughter Zilpha, who married 

1891.] Notes and Queries. 89 

at Roxbury, Vt., May, 1816, Ebenezer Cutler. See Cutler Genealogy, page 418. 
Did Zllpha have any brothers or sisters? Any information concerning other 
descendants of Enoch and Martha (Butterfield) Cleveland will be thankfully 
received. E. J. Cleveland. 

278 Farmington St., Hartford. 

Hutchinson. — Can any reader of the Register tell me the parentage of 
Timothy Hutchinson (sometimes spelled Hutchins) who was living at Hampton, 
N. H., in 1718 ; subsequently at Kensington. Hampton records make no mention 
of the name. Among other children he had Johnson, Phebe, and Jonathan a 
tanner by trade who lived in Kensington. 

Lowell, Mass., P. 0. Box 161. Frank A. Hutchinson. 

Slocum. — The records of the town of Wrentham, Mass., contain the following 
names of children born to Simon Slocum (or Slocomb) : 

Lois, b. April 13, 1732; d. Nov. 30, 1736. 

Esther, b. Nov. 17, 1733; m. John Hall, April 23, 1761. 

Abigail, b. April 14, 1736; d. March 5, 1737. 

Samuel, b. June 24, 1738; m. Miriam Richardson; descendants known. 

Chloe, b. Feb. 12, 1740-1; d. Dec. 12, 1741. 

Susannah, b. June 23, 1745. 

Eleazer, b. Nov. 23, 1747; resided in Templeton, Mass.? 

Metcalf, b. Nov. 15, 1751. 

Jeremiah, b. Jan. 10, 1754. 

Achilles, b. June 10, 1756. 
It is supposed that Eleazer, Metcalf, Jeremiah and Achilles, were soldiers in 
the Revolutionary war, and that Metcalf was sometimes known as Benjamin, 
and Achilles as Apelles and Apollos. It is also supposed that the last named 
reared a family in -Vermont, and that some of his descendants are now in 
Pennsylvania and others in States further west. 

Any information regarding the individuals of this family, or their descendants, 
would be gratefully received and acknowledged by 

Defiance, Ohio. Charles E. Slocum, M.D. 

Williams. — Descendants in both male and female branches from Robert Wil- 
liams, of Roxbury, Mass., are requested to send their addresses to the under- 
signed in order that he may supply them with blanks for the forthcoming statis- 
tical record of the family. Edward H. Williams, Jr. 

117 Church St., Bethlehem, Penn. 

Military Button.— Mr. Charles M. Hodge of this town has a button that was 
worn by Capt. Carr of West Newbury, then Newbury, and with the Con- 
tinental Army during the terrible winter at Valley Forge. The button is silver 
plated, and has upon it, " Mass. VIII.," and underneath a skull and crossed thigh 
bones. I believe that Capt. Carr was of the 8th Mass. regiment, but desire 
to know if there was an officer's button of that design. Would you kindly 
inform me through Notes and Queries. Nathan N. Withington. 

Newbury port, Mass. 

Baxter. — Will anyone knowing anything about this family communicate with 
the undersigned. Particulars of the Baxters of Connecticut and Vermont, 
especially of Elihu Baxter, a soldier of the Revolution, are especially desired. 

Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine. Rupert H. Baxter. 

Morrill. — I should like information as to what port of England the pas- 
sengers in the " Lion" (which landed at Cambridge in 1632) came from. Also 
who were the English ancestors of Isaac and Abraham Morrill who came in the 
above ship. Samuel Morrill. 

131 Beacon St., Boston. 

90 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

Brewster Genealogy.— The late Rev. Ashbel Steele, author of "Chief of 
the Pilgrims, or the Life and Times of William Brewster," Philadelphia, 1857, 
had collected much material for a genealogy of the descendants of Elder 
Brewster. Can any one inform me where his manuscripts now are ? He died 
May 27, 1869. Has he any children or other near relatives living ? 

Nevada, Story Co., Iowa. (Mrs.) Lillian Brewster Monks. 

Pynson-Pinson.— Mr. Francis E. Blake, Boston, would like to correspond 
with any person having knowledge of the members of this family or of records 
relating thereto. 

Ethelbert Bacon. — Born January 22, 1772, in Connecticut, it is believed. 
Can some one inform me iu what town, and the names of his parents ? 

Osceola, Tioga County, Perm. Charles Tubbs. 

Now I lay me down to SLEEP. — The very earliest publication in print, of 
which I have any knowledge, of the familiar little prayer — 
" Nov/ I lay me down to sleep, 

I pray the Lord my soul to keep ; 
If I should die before I wake, 
I pray the Lord my soul to take " — 
was in the old " New-England Primer," the first edition of which was printed 
about the year 1691 — nearly two hundred years ago. 

Have you, Mr. Editor, or any of your multitude of readers, may I ask, 
knowledge of the little prayer having been any earlier in priut ? And was it 
first in print in the United States of America or in some other part of the world? 
I am very desirous of learning when and where, and in what language, the little 
prayer was first in print, and what is known concerning the oral transmission 
of this hymn, and in what language it was originally composed. 

I have information that a learned gentleman, who is making a search for the 
genesis of this child's prayer, has traced it back to England and Scotland, and 
expects to find it in an old Latin hymn. 

Can you, Mr. Editor, or any of the readers of the foregoing kindly give me 
the information desired, or suggest to me where and of whom I may possibly 
obtain it ? Charles Marseilles. 

Exeter, N. H. 

Fearing, Story and Robinson. — Fearing. "What was the maiden name of 
Margaret, widow of John Fearing of Hingham, and date of her 2nd marriage 
(before 1685) with Robert Williams of Roxbury ? She died there Dec. 22, 1690. 

Story. A record of Rev. Wm. Williams, of Hatfield, gives: ''Aug. 25, 1708. 
My Grandmother Mrs. Martha Williams in ye 92 year of her age. Whose 
Maiden name was Story." She must have married Robert Williams of Rox- 
bary, between January, 1691, and Sept. 1693. Further information desired. 

Robinson. Jonathan, of Lexington, b. 20 April, 1698, son of William and 
Elizabeth ( ) Robinson of Concord-Newton-Watertown, left among his 

papers a copy of the will of Richard Cutter, of Cambridge, endorsed, Ji For the 
two Robinson grandsons of the deceased" (see Hudson's Lexington). Richard 
Cutter had wives Elizabeth and Frances and daughters Elizabeth by each. The 
first is said to have died in 1663, the second was b. 1669, and is said to have 
married a Hall. From dates of death and birth neither of these could have been 
the mother of Jonathan — to say nothing of his eldest sister Elizabeth, b. about 
1670. Who can uuravel this tangle ? Edwajrd H. Willlyms, Jr. 

117 Church Street, Bethlehem, Penn. 

McKinstry's Corps. — My ancestor served for some time in the Revolution 
with McKinstry's Corps, which appears then to have been acting in the vicinity 
of Hudson River. Can any one tell me anything about McKinatry or his corps? 

F. J. P. 

1891.] Notes and Queries. 91 

Historical Intelligence. 
A Guide to Printed Books and Manuscripts relating to English 
Heraldry and Genealogy. — This book by Mr. George Gatefield of the 
Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, was announced by us in the 
Register for July, 1880, page 320. "VVe are happy to learn that it is now in 
press. The work is a classified catalogue of works on those branches of litera- 
ture. It consists of about twenty thousand titles, and is intended to supplement 
and to form one of a series of valuable Guides which have already been pub- 
lished; such as Sims's "Index to Heralds' Visitations in the British Museum," 
and "Manual for the Genealogist, Topographer aud Antiquary"; Marshall's 
"Genealogists' Guide to Printed Pedigrees"; Anderson's "Book of British 
Topography " ; and other works of a like nature. The need of such a Guide is 
apparent. The book will be published by Messrs. Mitchell & Hughes, 140 War- 
dour Street, London ( W.) England, to whom subscriptions should be sent at once. 
Price one guinea to subscribers, and a guinea and a half to non-subscribers. 
The book will probably be published early in the spring. The edition will be 
limited to 300 copies. 

Scotch Genealogy and Heraldry.— One of the officials of the Lyon office 
is about publishing, with copious genealogical notes, the recently discovered 
*' Lockhart Collection," comprising over three hundred coats of arms. They were 
executed either for, or under the supervision of Alexander Nisbet (b. 1072, d. 
1725), the most celebrated of all the Scotch heraldic authorities. 

Among these coats, are those of Aikmau, Aiuslic, Baillie, Balderston, Birnie, 
Burden, Campbell, Carstairs, Corser, Craw, Dalziei, Dalmahoy, Drummond, 
Dunbar, Duncan, Dundas, Edgar, Earquharson, Fleming, Fullerton, Hamilton, 
Hay, Haig, Hoy, Home, Innes, Kirkpatrick, Lauder, Lithgow, Lockhart. Mac- 
gregor, Morison, Murray, Nisbet, Ogilvie, Pollock, Primrose, Pringle, Purves, 
Row, Scot, Seton, Skene, Somerville, Stewart, Trotter, Watson, Wyllie, Young. 

This work will doubtless be a very important addition to Scotch heraldry and 
genealogy. The edition will be limited to two hundred and fifty copies, at 
about one guinea and a half each. The address of the editor of the Lockhart 
Collection, is care of Messrs. George Waterston & Sons, Hanover Street, Edin- 
burgh, Scotland. — A. D. Weld French. 

Letters and Manuscripts oe Thomas Jefferson. — Paul Leicester Ford, of 
97 Clark Street, Brooklyn, N. Y., being engaged in the preparation of an edition 
of the writings of Thomas Jefferson, and desiring to make it as complete as 
possible, requests that any one possessing any of Jefferson's letters or manu- 
scripts will communicate with him. Or if such persons will either loan these 
to Mr. Ford for a few days, he will guarantee their safe return; or if they will 
have them copied at his expense, aud will enclose s bill, he will most gratefully 
pay for the copying, and give due credit for such assistance in the work. 

The Poets of North Carolina. — An interesting article with this title by J. 
D. Cameron, with sketches of the lives of the poets and specimens of their 
poetry, is the leading article in the November 1800 number of The Lyceum, a 
monthly magazine published at Asheville, N. C. It is the first of a series of 
articles on " Southern Fields of Poesy." 

County Historical Societies. — Rev. Anson Titus, of Towanda, Penn., has 
furnished to The American, a literary newspaper published at Philadelphia, an 
able artiele showing the advantages which flow from the formation of County 
Historical Societies hi that state. The article appears in the issue of that paper 
Nov. 29, 1890. He thinks that Town Historical Societies, so common in New 
England, are best for this section of the country, but that for Pennsylvania and 
the middle and western states county societies are preferable. The number of 
such soeieties in that state is increasing, and they are doing good work in col- 
lecting materials for local history. Rev. Mr. Titus's article furnishes excellent 
suggestions for our people as well as those of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Salisbury of New Haven, Conn., are printing, 
privately." and have nearly completed, a book of "Family Histories and 
VOL. XLV. 9* 

92 Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

Genealogies," It is not a mere collection of names and dates, but a book of 
family-history, adding to previous information many new facts which have 
been obtained abroad, as well as in this country. The book will be of great 
and ever-increasing interest to present and future generations of the families 
specified, and their allies, and also valuable to genealogists, antiquaries, and 
historians, in general. The work comprises monographs on the families of 
McCurdy, Mitchell, Lord, Lynde, Digby, Newdigate. Willoughby, Griswold, 
Wolcott, Pitkin, Ogden, Johnson, Diodati, Lee, and Marvin; with notes, more 
or less full, on the families of Buchanan, Parmelee, Bbardman, Lay, Hoo, 
Locke, Cole, DeWolf , Drake, Bond, Swayne, Dunbar, and Clarke. The text, 
indexes, and armorial bearings, accompanied by thirty-one large folded pedigree 
charts, on bond paper, will be in three volumes, large 4to. The edition is of 
three hundred copies, of which nearly two-thirds have been sold or otherwise 
appropriated. Mr. and Mrs. Salisbury will give further information, on ap- 

Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families 
and other information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that 
all facts of interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, 
especially service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, 
graduation from college or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
dates of births, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given in full if possible. No initials should 
be used when the full names are known. 

Chute. By William E. Chute of Swampscott, Mass. — This family is de- 
scended from Lionel Chute, who settled at Ipswich, Mass., and was the first 
schoolmaster in that town. His English pedigree is printed in the Register, 
vol. 13, pp. 123-4. Persons by the name of Chute and those descended from 
that family should send in their records early. 

Knapp. — By Charles R. Knapp, 135 West 41st Street, New York city. 

Ladd. By the Hon. Warren Ladd of New Bedford, Mass. — Mr. Ladd's 
genealogy of this family will include descendants of Daniel Ladd of Haverhill, 
Mass., Joseph Ladd of Portsmouth, R. I., John Ladd of Burlington, N. J., and 
John Ladd of Charles City County, Va. Of the descendants of Daniel, he has 
over 3300 names. The book will be published by E. Anthony & Sons, New Bed- 
ford, Mass. It will make about 300 octavo pages, and will be fully indexed, 
printed on good paper, with clear type, and will be well bound. The subscrip- 
tion price is $3, which will barely cover the cost of printing and binding. The 
edition will be limited. 


New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, October 1, 1890. — A stated meeting was 
held this afternoon at half past three o'clock, the president, Abner C. Goodell, 
Jr., A.M., in the chair. In the absence of the recording secretary, Mr. Walter 
K. Watkins was chosen secretary pro tern. 

Rev. Henry A. Hazen, Edmund T. Eastman, M.D., and William B. Trask, 
A.M., were appointed a committee to prepare resolutions of the death of Hon. 
Frederick Billiogs. 

The rest of the afternoon was devoted to general business. 

Wednesday, November 5. — A stated meeting was hold at 3 o'clock, P.M., 
president Goodell in the chair. 

Thomas Cushing, A.M., of Boston, read a paper on "The Evolution of the 
School Reading-Book." 

The president then introduced the Hon. Henry Barnard, LL.D., of Hartford, 
Conn., who made a short address on "The Genesis and History of the New 
England Primer." 

1891.] Societies and their Proceedings. 93 

The report of the historiographer, Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., was read. 
The following members have died since the last meeting, — Rev. William Phillips 
Tilden, A.M., Moses C. Warren and Lebbeus Stetson. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Thursday, November 20, 1890. — A quarterly meeting was held this 
afternoon and evening in Baxter Building. 

The afternoon session began at 2.30, the president, James Phinney Baxter, in 
the chair. 

Hubbard Winslow Bryant, the librarian and cabinet keeper, made his semi- 
annual report of accessions. 

The death of two members, Mr. Edward H. Elwell and Hon. William Goold, 
were announced. S. T. Pickard was invited to prepare a memoir of Mr. Elwell, 
and Mrs. Abba Goold Woolson, daughter of Mr. Goold, wa3 invited to write a 
memoir of him. 

The secretary read an interesting historical sketch of the Building of Fort 
Richmond on the Kennebec River, a paper contributed by Dr. John F. Pratt. 

Biographical sketches of William H. Smith by Rev. William B. Hoyden ; of 
Samuel Denny by Parker M. Read; and George W. Dyer by Llewellyn Deane, 
were read. 

Hon. Joseph Williamson read a paper entitled, " Some Account of Sir John 
Moore at Castine," that distinguished man having served as a lieutenant in the 
British Army on the Penobscot. Capt. Henry Mowat, who bombarded Falmouth 
now Portland in 1775, was commander of the English fleet which cooperated 
with the army on this occasion. Judge Williamson stated that a volume written 
by Mowat, being a memorial of his services to the crown, was believed to be 
in existence, but a search of several years for it had been unsuccessful. Presi- 
dent Baxter then said that he too had for years been trying to find the book and 
that at last he had succeeded, and it wa3 now in his possession, having arrived 
that day by the noon train. It had been found in the Shetland Islands, where 
Mowat's family resided, and was purchased by a- collector of Edinburgh. It 
would be exhibited in the evening. 

An elegant oaken cabinet for the preservation of records, relics and other 
material relating to the town of Buxton, a present from Mr. Edward Woodman, 
in memory of his father, the late Mr. Cyrus Woodman, was received. 

Mr. George C. Burgess read a communication from the Maine Genealogical 
Society, asking concerted action in an effort to supply the missing records of 
Falmouth and Portland from 1773 to 1786. It was voted to act with that society. 

The evening session began at 7.30. Before the meeting the Mowat manu- 
script was examined by the members. The book is entitled, " A Relation of the 
Services of Capt. Henry Mowat, of the Royal Navy, in which he was engaged in 
America from 1759 to 1783." 

After the meeting was called to order the Rev. Chamberlain Cum- 
mings read an interesting paper on the late Rev. Dr. John J. Carruthers. 

Maine Genealogical Society. 

Portland, Monday, November 24, 1890. — A meeting was held this evening in 
the rooms of the Historical Society. 

The principal business was the consideration of the plan heretofore presented 
for filling the gaps in the Falmouth records from 1773 to 1786. The committee 
appointed at the last meeting to consider this subject was continued. They 
will make an effort to supply the place of these lost records, and will soon issue 
letters directed to town clerks, societies aud individuals, soliciting records or 
facts relating to events in Falmouth or Portland in the years 1773 to 1786. 
Georue C. Burgess, city clerk, Portland, Maine, will take charge of whatever is 
entrusted to him for the society. The committee hope to have the assistance 
of kindred societies. 

Stephen M. Watson, the librarian, read an account of the papers left to the 
society by the late Isaac Cobb. 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, July 1, 1890.— A quarterly meeting was held at three 
o'clock this afternoon, the president, Gen. Horatio Rogers, in the chair. 

94 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Amos Perry, the librarian, made a quarterly report of donations. Ninety 
volumes, 258 pamphlets and 00 other articles have been received as gifts. 

Wilfred II. Munroe, chairman of a special committee appointed in April, 
reported that in answer to their petition the Old Colony Railroad had given the 
name of Hampden Meadows to a station in Barrington to commemorate the visit 
of Edward Winslow and " one Master John Hampden " to this region in 1C23. 

William B. Ely, in behalf of the committee on the commemoration, on the 29th 
of May last, of the centenary of the adoption of the federal constitution by the 
state of Rhode Island, reported a resolution of thanks to the several orators and 
others who took part in the celebration. The resolution was adopted, and 1000 
copies of the proceedings on that occasion were ordered to be printed. 

A committee was appointed to ask of the City Council that the Hopkins Burial 
Ground be converted into a public park, and that a monument be erected in it 
to the memory of Admiral Hopkins, who is buried in the burial ground. 

The president announced the death, since the last quarterly meeting, of two 
distinguished members, — Ex. Gov. Elisha Dyer (the senior member of the 
society) and Ex. Gov. AVilliam W. Hpppin. 

Tuesday, October 7. — A quarterly meeting Was held this evening, President 
Rogers in the chair. 

The librarian made his quarterly report of donations, namely, 281 volumes, 
898 pamphlets and 110 other articles. 

The president, as chairman of the committee appointed in July, reported that 
the prospect of securing a monument in honor of Commodore Esek Hopkins 
and a public park on a part of his homestead, was good. 

October 21. — The first of the course of fortnightly meetings this season was 
held this evening in the society's cabinet in Waterman Street. Two papers 
were read, calculated to throw light on Rhode Island's part in bringing on the 
revolutionary war. The first paper, by Prof. J. E. Jameson of Brown Univer- 
sity, was entitled : " New documents respecting the affair of the Gaspee." The 
documents were obtained in England by Prof. Jameson. The other paper was 
by Amasa M. Eaton, and was entitled: "The Burning of the Gaspee — was it 
justifiable?" Abstracts of these papers are printed in the Providence Journal, 
Oct. 20, 1890. 

November 4. — The second fortnightly meeting was held this evening, in the 
cabinet on Waterman Street. Rev. Edward G. Porter of Lexington, Mass., read 
a paper on " John Eliot and his Indian Bible." 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, 3Iass., Tuesday, October 21, 1S90. — A quarterly meeting was held 
this evening in Historical Hall, the Rev. William L. Chaflin, Vice-President, in 
the chair. 

Mrs. Harriet C. Pulsifer, of Auburn, Me., a descendant of several Taunton 
families, read a paper on " The Southern Indians." 

Capt. John W. D. Hall, the librarian, made his quarterly report of donations 
to the library and cabinet. The books presented were numerous and valuable. 
Among the relics was the mahogany desk and book case of Gen. David Cobb, 
presented to him by Gen. Henry Jackson, who commanded the famous " Boston 
Regiment" in the revolutionary war, of which regiment Gen. Cobb was 
lieutenant colonel; also the military coat of Gen. Cobb, an aid to Washington; 
both centenary memorials from his grandson, Hon. Samuel C. Cobb of Boston. 
Another valuable relic was the " Carved Stone Cherub" from the tower of St. 
James Church in Taunton, England. The Church was built in US0, and re- 
moved for rebuilding twenty years ago. The relic was presented to the society 
by Mr. Jebault. 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Bichmond, Saturday, Nov. 1, 1890. — A meeting of the executive committee 
was held in the society's rooms, Westmoreland Club House, Vice-President 
Henry in the chair. 

A photograph of the Constitution of Virginia, proposed by Thomas Jefferson 
in the Virginia Convention of 1770 — a document until recently supposed to be 
lost — presented by Mr. Cassius F. Lee, Jr., of Alexandria, was exhibited. The 

1891.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 95 

document was labelled by Jefferson, "A bill for the new modelling of the 
form of government and for establishing the fundamental principles thereof in 
future." Other valuable donations were reported by Mr. Brock the librarian. 


Prepared by Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., Historiographer of the Society. 

The Historiographer would inform the Society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the limited 
space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be 
gathered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more 
extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Towne. is provided. Four volumes, printed at the charge 
of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is in preparation. 

"William Alvord Burke, Esq., of Lowell, Mass., a life member, died at 
Lowell, May 28, 1887, in his 76th year. He was a son of Benjamin 5 and Roxana 
(Alvord) Burke, and was born at Windsor, Vt., July 7, 18.11. He was a de- 
scendant in the 6th generation from Richard 1 Burke of Sudbury, Mass. , who died 
about 1693-4. by wife Mary Parmeuter; through Richard 2 and wife Abigail Saw- 
tell; Jonathan 3 and wife Thankful Wait; Solomon 4 and wife Keziah Benjamin; 
and Benjamin, 6 his father above named. 

He attended the academy at Windsor, kept by Mr. Josiah Dunham, with the 
intention of receiving a collegiate education; but in May, 1826, his parents re- 
moved to Dunstable, X. H., now the city of Nashua. This with other circum- 
stances led him to give up the intention. William in December of that year 
entered the machine shop of the Nashua Manufacturing Company as an appren- 
tice to the machinist's trade. After finishing his apprenticeship, he worked at 
his trade in Nashua, — except a part of the years 1829 and 1830, wheu he was 
employed iu the machine shop of the Locks and Canals in Lowell, — until Jan- 
uary, 1834, when he removed to North Chelmsford, Mass. In this place he 
had charge of a machine shop owned by Messrs. Ir Gay & Co., of Nashua, 
N. H., till March, 1836. when he became master mechanic at the Boott Cotton 
Mills in Lowell. The agent of the mills was Mr. B. F. French. In October, 
1839, he removed to Manchester, N. II., and took the agency of the Amoskeag 
Manufacturing Company's machine shop, which had just been erected iu that 
place. He put in operation these works and had direction and charge of them 
until April, 1845, when he returned to Lowell and became superintendent of the 
Lowell Machine Shop, a corporation that had just been organized and had par- 
chased the machine shop and some other property of the "Proprietors of Locks 
and Canals on Merrimack River." He held this situation seventeen years, until 
April, 1862, when he became the agent of the Boott Cotton Mills of Lowell, 
Mass. Mr. Burke continued as agent of these mills until 1868, making great 
alterations and improvements in them, and putting the entire plant on a firm 
financial basis. 

In 1868 he assumed the treasureship of the Tremont Mills and Suffolk Manu- 
facturing Company, both of Lowell, Mass. He remained here for two years, 
and in 1870 was elected assistant treasurer of the Great Falls Manufacturing 
Company, of Great Falls, N. H., and of the I) wight Manufacturing Compauy, 
of Chicopee, Mass. ; for about six years he devoted his time principally to the 
remodelling of both these plants. In 1876 Mr. Burke was elected Treasurer of 
the Lowell Machine Shop, and continued until 1884 to fill the position accept- 
ably, when owing to the infirmities of age he resigned. 

96 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Besides the positions mentioned above, Mr. Burke was director in many cor- 
porations, and his advice was often sought after in matters relating to their 

Mr. Burke was twice married: first at Bedford, N. H., Juue 6th, 1837, 
to Catherine, daughter of John and Amy (Kevins) French, who died 
March 7th, 1870, by whom he had children : — 1, Ellen Maria (died young); 2, 
Catherine Elizabeth; 3, William French (died young); 4, Annie Alvord; 5, 
Edward Nevins. Married second, to Elizabeth Mary Derby, June 4th, 1872, 
who survives him. 

He was admitted a member of this society September 4, 1858. The Burke 
and Alvord Memorial, published in 1804, was compiled for him by Mr. John A. 
Boutelle, and was printed at his expense. J. w. d. 

John Eglington Bailey, F.S.A., was born at Edgbaston, Birmingham, 
England, February 13, 1840. When he was quite young his family removed 
into Lancashire, and he was educated at the old Botcler Free Grammar School 
at Warrington. From an early age he displayed an interest in historical sub- 
jects ; and, in after years, although actively engaged in business in Manchester 
during the greater part of the day, Mr. Bailey found time in the evening for an 
amount of reading and research which enabled him to produce a quantity of 
work characterized by unusual accuracy and thoroughness. He took an 
especial interest in the lives of the Lancashire ministers of religion in the 17th 
century, and probably knew more of that branch of local history than any other 
writer. Possessed of an excellent library of the literature of the 16th and 17th 
centuries, archaeological works, and local histories, which he knew how to use 
to advantage, and having formed a valuable collection of manuscripts bearing 
on the history of Lancashire, Mr. Bailey was able to edit four volumes of the 
" Palatine Note Book" in a manner which may well serve as a model for other 
periodicals of a similar nature. But the work he will best be remembered by is 
the "Life of Dr. Thomas Fuller," published in 1S74, and now exceedingly 
scarce; a thick otavo volume of great interest and much originality, which 
makes the reader regret that its author was not longer spared to continue the 
work for which he was so eminently fitted. Mr. Bailey was elected a Fellow 
of the Society of Antiquaries of London, 13 January, 1876, and a corresponding 
member of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, May 17, 1883; he 
was an active member of most of the local antiquarian societies, a not infre- 
quent contributor to periodical literature, and was for several years the Honor- 
ary Secretary of the Chetham Society. Declining health, due in a great meas- 
ure to his indefatigable labors, terminated in his death on the 23rd of August, 
1888. (Com.) 

Brevet Major-General Adin Ballou Underwood, A.B., a life member, 
admitted to the Society, Nov. 4, 1865, died at Boston, Mass., January 14, 1888, 
aged 59. He was the eldest child of Brig.-Gen. Orison and Mrs. Hannah Bond 
(Cheney) Underwood of Milford, Mass., and was born in that town, May 19, 
1828. He was the 8th generation in descent from Joseph 1 Underwood, an early 
settler of Hingham, Mass., afterwards of Watertown, through Joseph, 2 Joshua, 3 
Joseph,* David, 4 Joseph* and Orison 7 Underwood, his father. When seventeen 
years old he entered Brown University, where he was graduated in 1849. He 
studied law first with Hon. Charles R. Train, Framingham, then at the Law 
School of Harvard University, and then with Judge B. F. Thomas at Worcester, 
after which, 1852-3, he spent one year in Europe, the summer months at Heidel- 
berg and the winter months at Berlin, attending lectures on jurisprudence. He 
was admitted to the bar of Worcester County in Nov. 1853, and commenced 
practice at Milford, and was for a few years associated with H. B. Staples. 
About 1856, he formed a partnership with Hon. Charles R. Train in Boston, 
which continued till the war for the preservation of the Union broke out. He 
then resided in Newton, and was among the most active in encouraging re- 
cruiting in that town. In May, 1861, he- accepted a commission as Captain in 
the Second Massachusetts regiment commanded by Col. George H. Gordon, and 
left the state with this regiment the 8th of July. In 1862, he was commissioned 
as Major of the 33d regiment, and the same year was promoted to the rank of 
lieutenant-colonel. In April, 1863, he was commissioned as colonel of the regi- 
ment. He commanded it at the battle of Gettysburg. The regiment was soon 

1891.] Book Notices. 97 

after transferred to the army of the Cumberland and took part in the battle of 
Lookout Mountain, where Colouel Underwood was dangerously wounded. For 
his bravery he was raised, Jan. 13, 15G3, to the rank of brigadier-general. His 
wounds, which made him a cripple for life, were slow in healing, but on his re- 
covery he went again into active service, and August 13, 1865, was commis- 
sioned as brevet major-general " for meritorious service during the war." He 
was mustered out July 10, 18(36. 

On his return from the war be was appointed, in 1866, Surveyor of the Port of 
Boston, and held the position twenty years till July, 1886. From that time till 
his death, he devoted himself to the practice of the law in partnership with his 
son William 0. Underwood, and to literary work. 

He married at West Newton, June 5, 1856, Miss Jane L. Walker. They had 
three children: — 1, Amy; 2, Anna; 3, William Orison. — j. w. d. 

John Kimball Rogers, Esq., of Brookline, a resident member, died in that 
town January 27, 1888, aged 67. He was a son of Daniel W. and Betsey 
(Kimball) Rogers, and was born in Gloucester, Mass., January 31, 1821. When 
a boy he came to Boston and served as a clerk in several establishments. About 
1849, he became connected with the Boston Type Foundry as bookkeeper, and 
in 1852 he assumed its agency. The next year, in connection with Edward 
Pelouze and David Watson, Jr., he purchased the Foundry, and carried on 
business under the firm of John K. Rogers & Co. In 1871, the Boston Type 
Foundry was incorporated and Mr. Rogers made treasurer and agent, which 
positions he filled till his death. He was " devoted to his business, and it was 
his continued efforts that brought the type foundry to its present position. A 
sound business man, thorough in all his methods, he had all the qualifications 
for material success, while his fondness for literature and for the fine arts dis- 
played a refined taste that brought much enjoyment to himself and to his 
friends. For three or four years he was selectman of Brookline. In his earlier 
years Mr. Rogers was an officer of the Boston City Guards. He was admitted 
to membership in this Society Oct. 7, 1858. 

He was twice married; first to Sarah M. Niles, daughter of Thomas Niles, 
January 31, 1854. She died April 11, 1862. His second wife was Mary P. 
Thompson, daughter of John Thompson. She survives him with three children 
of his first wife, Frank, Susan and Sarah M. Rogers. — J. w. d. 


The editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 

Suum Cuique. John Dickinson the Author of the Declaration on Talcing up Arms 
in 1775. By George H. Moore, LL.D. Superintendent of the Lenox Lib- 
rary. With a fac-simile from the Original Draft, New York : Printed for 
the Author. 1890. Royal 8vo. pp. 55. Price $1. 

" John Dickinson had no superior in the highest rank of the advocates of his 
country's rights during the period of the Revolution,"' says Dr. Moore in the 
work before us, read as a paper before the New York Historical Society, June 
6th, 1882. 

The main object which Dr. Moore had in view in oreparing this paper and in 
now laying it before his countrymen in print, was to investigate the subject and 
decide upon the authorship of " A Declaration by the Respresentatives of the 
United Colonies of North America now met in General Congress at Philadelphia, 
setting fonh the Causes and Necessity of their taking up Arms," reported by a 
committee of which Dickiuson was a member, and adopted by Congress in the 
summer of 1775. At that time Dickinson was reputed to be its author. The 
" Declaration " was included in his Political Writings in two volumes published 
in 1801. Three years later, in asserting his claim to another paper in that col- 
lection, Dickinson wrote : " Every one of these writings was composed by me." 

For more than half a century, Dickinson enjoyed the undisputed credit of 
being the sole author. In 1829, the '-Memoirs, Correspondence and Private 

98 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Papers of Thomas Jefferson " were published. In the memoir, which he began 
writing in 1821, at the age of 77, Jefferson gives the date of his taking his seat 
in Congress, which was on the 21st of June, 1775. He then adds : " On the 24th 
a committee which had been appointed to prepare a declaration of the causes of 
taking up arms, brought in their report (drawn I believe by J. Rutledge) which 
not being liked, the House recommitted it on the 26th, and added Mr. Dickinson 

and myself to the committee I prepared a draught of the Declaration 

committed to us. It fas too strong for Mr. Dickinson. He still retained the 
hope of reconciliation with the mother country, and was unwilling it should be 
lessened by offensive statement. He was so honest a man, and so able a one, 
that he was greatly indulged even by those who could not feel his scruples. We 
therefore requested him to take the paper, aud put it into a form that lie could 
approve. He did so, preparing an entire new statement and preserving of the 
former only the last four paragraphs and half of the preceding one. We 
approved and reported it to Congress who accepted it." For another half a cen- 
tury — till 1682 when Dr. Moore read his paper — this later statement was received 
as true. In the work before us the author examines the question as to the 
authorship of this document. With his usual thoroughness, Dr. Moore brings 
together a mass of facts bearing upon the question. After reading the evidence 
produced in these passes, it seems obvious to me that Dickinsou was the sole 
author of the production, and that the claim of Jeffersou is preposterous. As a 
final evidence, Dr. Moore, when he read his paper before the New York His- 
torical Society, produced the original manuscript of the "Declaration" in 
Dickinson's own handwriting, which had been preserved in the archives of that 
society. Upon this he remarks : 

" I am well aware of the danger of attempting to determine the authorship of 
a paper, intended for the public, from the handwriting in which the manuscript 
appears — unless the proofs are patent that it came from him whose thoughts 
and expressions it records. In this case there is no room whatever for doubt. 
The suggestion of imitation or forgery is excluded. No person but the author 
himself ever had any hand in the preparation of this document. It is in the hand- 
writing of John Dickinson, and these corrections, additions, interlineations, 
revisions, in number, extent, position and character, forbid the supposition that 
he copied any portion of this paper from a draft by Mr. Jefferson, or any other 
person. It is the original first draft of the whole, and the proof of it is in no 
portion of the whole more conspicuous and certain than in the ' last four 
paragraphs and half of the preceding one ' claimed as his own by Jefferson — in 
his old age — and accorded to him without doubt or hesitation ever since." A 
reduced fac-simile, by Bierstadt, of the manuscript is appended to Dr. Moore's 

Mr. Dickinson's fame as a patriot and an author is ably vindicated in these 
pages. As the author of the "Farmer's Letters," the "Liberty Song," and 
other writings, he won a high reputation in Revolutionary times; and Dr. 
Moore's paper shows that it was well deserved. 

A valuable Appendix is added. 

Economic and Social History of New England, 1620-1789. By William B. 

Weeden. In two volumes. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and 

Company, The Riverside Press, Cambridge. 1800. 2 vols. Crown 8vo. 

Vol. I. pp. xv.-f-if7; Vol. II. pp. xiv.-f-517. Price $4. 50. 

We were aware that Mr. Weeden had devoted years of patient research to the 
preparation of his Economic and Social History of New England, but until we 
saw it in print we had no adequate appreciation of its extraordinary value and 
importance. It is a mine of information, an encyclopedia of facts and statistics 
essential to a proper understanding of the commercial and social life of New 
England from 1620 to 1789, and includes in its wide range many subjects that have 
either been strangely neglected by other writers, or are found only in fragmen- 
tary form in many different volumes. As we read the chapters on the Formation 
of the Community and the Opening of Commerce, we were impressed with the 
author's happy treatment of these themes, and with his historical scholarship. 
Had there been uothing else of merit in the work we should have commended it, 
because of these chapters, but as we read further and found that these were but 
samples of others of equal or even greater value, we awoke to a realizing sense 
of what Mr. Weeden has done for American history. The chapters relating to 

1891.] Booh Notices. 99 

the British and colonial attempts to regulate trade to the New-England curren- 
cy, and to the commerce at different epochs, are entitled to specinl mention. 
Mr. Weeden indulges in no glittering generalities, but cites his authorities, and 
in commercial matters often takes his facts from the record books of the mer- 
chants of the period. "We have reviewed many historical works, and for the 
first time- remark that the subject of the notice is indispensable to a well-equip- 
ped library. There is a good index and the volumes are printed in the best 
By George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B., JVeedham, 3fass. 

The Dates of Variously-shaped Shields, with coincident Dates and Examples. By 

George Grazebrook, F.S.xl. Liverpool: Printed for Private Circulation. 

1800. Crown 8vo. pp. 92. 

This book is an enlargement of a paper read before the Historic Society of 
Lancashire and Cheshire. 

The line of inquiry in this book has never before been attempted. The author 
is a proficient in the history of Seals, the result of forty years' study and re- 
search; and he has nearly completed for publication an elaborate '-Corpus 
Sigillorum." which will " bring together in one view a large number of English 
Seals of each century for the eye to rest upon and so to comprehend the various 
styles at different dates." 

" It seems desirable," says the author in his preface, 4 ' that a classified body 
of such knowledge should be drawn up and available — enabling us to date with 
some certainty (within the limit of a few years) seals pendant to undated 
charters, stone carvings on ancient buildings, and illustrations in MSS., which 
are now labelled ' circa.' " The volume before us, though small in size, contains 
the essence of his long and laborious research. In it " each century from the 
eleventh to the fifteenth is separately dealt with. After that date," the author 
states, " the nomenclature of shields devised by my friend, Mr. J. Paul By lands, 
E.S.A., is followed, and the earliest and latest examples found of each shape 
adduced — thus showing the range of time when the variety was most commonly 
in use. References are given for every statement. Mantlings, torces, wreaths, 
palm branches and other adjuncts are discussed under their several headings — 
with descriptions and dates of any varieties found." This book will be 
useful to antiquaries, who will find here aids to research which are nowhere else 
to be obtained. The book has a good index. 

We take this opportunity to caltattention to the larger work of the author, his 
" Corpus Sigillorum," and to advise our readers to send in their subscriptions at 
once, so that he may be able to put it to press at an early date. The price to 
subscribers will be thirty shillings. It will form a bulky volume, and it will 
require a large list of subscribers to cover the expense. "We quote from the 
prospectus : 

" What the author contemplates would show perhaps fifty selected character- 
istic seals for each century from the eleventh to the seventeenth, displayed in 
order of date. So large a number would not be needed at the earliest or latest 
dates, but for some of the periods a greater number ought to be given. Students 
now get together such collections in tracings and drawings — as the labor of 
years ; and it is feared very few have perseverance enough to carry out fully 
their aim; but without such exact data conclusions must be guess-work." Mr. 
Grazebrook has such a collection for his own use, and knows from experience 
what a great advautage it is. 

"This proposed well-illustrated book would not only be most valuable and 
instructive to the antiquary, it would also possess a far wider and general 
interest, because these are the highest specimens of Art remaining to us of 
the early times in which they were made. Seals at all dates are the results of 
the greatest skill and care to be procured, according to the owner's means ; and 
many of them are masterpieces, both of design and execution. They display 
the whole career of Art : the simplicity of early times, gradually developing and 
culminating in the perfection of the fourteenth century; to be followed by 
overloaded designs, beautified by exquisite workmanship, at the end of the 

4i Such a pictured History of Art could not fail to be interesting and attractive 
to many who would not care to study the subject from a strictly antiquarian 
point of view. This large collection of engravings would be accompanied by 
VOL. XLV. 10 

100 Boole Notices. [Jan. 

explanations giving an account of most of the seals, the origin of their decora- 
tions, and other particulars involving a considerable amount of genealogical 

Mr. Grazebrook's address is, " Oak Hill Park, near Liverpool, England." 

The Antiquities of the State of Ohio. Full and Accurate Descriptions of the Works 
of the Mound Builders ; Defensive and, Sacred Inclosures ; Mounds, Cemeteries, 
and Tombs, and their Contents; Implements, Ornaments, Sculptures, etc. 
Illustrated v:i(h maps, plans, views and relics. By Hexry A. Shepherd. 
Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1890. 4to. Cloth, pp.139. Price $2.00. 
This reprint, from the popular History of the State of Ohio, by the Hon. 
Henry A. Shepherd, is chiefly a description of the wonderful ancient remains 
within the limits of that great state, concerning whose builders history is silent, 
even to their names. Each of the sis chapters is devoted solely to the descrip- 
tion of a single class of these works. Following the dictum of the wise and 
philosophic Warburton, that "human nature will, under the same circum- 
stances, without any help, exhibit the same appearances," each chapter con- 
cludes with a few brief remarks upon the purposes and objects of these con- 
structions, commonly accepted among archaeologists. No absolute conclusions 
are asserted. In our baffled ignorance, it alone appears clear that vast labors 
were expended, which must have required a steady and plentiful subsistence, 
which only an extensive and productive agriculture could have maintained. 
That all this was possible without a considerable attainment in civilization 
seems incredible. These are not the public works of primitive savages. They 
evidence skill and no low order of rude intelligence. The gratitude of scholars 
is due the careful and competent author who, here, places upon record, with 
illustrative maps, plans and views, the condition of these mounds in the present 
generation. All interested in ethnological or archaeological studies will find in 
this volume one of the most important repositories of American contribution. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, Mass. 

Southern Historical Society Papers. Vol. XVII. Edited by R. A. Brock, Secre- 
tary of the Southern Historical Society. Richmond, Va. : Published by the 
Society. 1889. 8vo. pp. 441. 

This collection of the Southern Historical Society is so largely devoted to 
the ceremonies attendant upon the erection of the monument to General Lee 
that it is called "Lee Monument Memorial Volume." Besides placing upon 
record the entire history of the inception, execution and dedication of the Lee 
monument, the volume opens with the address last November before the annual 
meeting of the Southern Surgical and Gynaecological Association, by its Presi- 
dent, Dr. Hunter McGuire, LL.D.. who served during the war as the medical 
director of the 2d (Stonewall Jackson) Corps of the Army of Northern Vir- 
ginia. This is followed by the address before the Survivors' Association of 
Confederate Surgeons, at Columbia, S. C, also last November, by Dr. Peyre 
Porcher, A.B. A very valuable and interesting paper upon the Race Problem 
at the South, delivered at the National Cemetery, at Memphis, on Memorial 
Day, 1889, will attract attention by its boldness. Other addresses upon sub- 
jects of historical interest at the South, with lists of Confederate garrisons 
placed under fire, on Morris Island, in 1864, a roster of surviving general offi- 
cers of the Confederate Army, and a copious index complete a volume, pregnant 
with matter otherwise unattainable, and indispensable to the correct apprecia- 
tion of events, of which they were part and parcel. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, Mass. 

Index to Davfs Suffolk Collections. By George Gateield of the British 

Museum. 8vo. pp. 33. 

Davy's Suffolk Collections in the British Museum have long been known to 
genealogists, and Mr. Gatfield has done a good service in preparing this index 
of them. The manuscripts, he informs us, are arranged alphabetically aud make 
forty-three volumes. They are among the "Additional Manuscripts," and are 
numbered 19,111 to 19,156. They were compiled by David Elisha Davy, and 
consist of pedigrees of Suffolk families and of families connected with that 
county, with genealogical and biographical notes. As many of our New-Eng- 
land emigrants came from Suffolk, the book will be of much assistance to 
American genealogists in their researches. 


Booh Notices. 101 

Aryan Sun-Myths the Origin of Religions. By Sarah E. Titcomb, Author of 
"Early New England People," etc. With an Introduction by Charles 
Morris, Author of " The Aryan Race." etc. Boston : Published by the 
Author, 83 Pinckney Street. 12mo. pp. 102, with Appendix and Notes. In 
cloth, price $1.25. 

Here is a very ingenious and apparently successful attempt to prove the close 
similarity of the traditions of the ancient religions of Asia and other parts of 
the Old and New Worlds, with the doctrines and incidents of the Christian re- 
ligion. One hundred and twenty-eight different authorities have been consulted, 
on a great variety of subjects, including works on the religions of India, China, 
Persia, Phoenicia, Carthage, Babylon, Egypt, Ancient Greece, the Indians of 
the American continent, and many others in which many of the institutions and 
traditions of the Old Testament and some of the New Testament are shown to 
have existed in a somewhat modified way in the other oriental faiths. The 
author has shown much industry and research in her work, which makes a very 
interesting and readable volume. 

By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq., of South Boston, Mass. 

The Congregational Year Book, 1S90. Issued under the Sanction of the National 
Council of the Congregational Churches of the United States, by its Publishing 
Committee. Boston: Congregational Sunday School and Publishing Society. 
1890. 8vo. pp. 484. Price $1. To be purchased of Kev. H. A. Hazen, Con- 
gregational Library, 1 Somerset St., Boston, Mass. 

The editor of this work is the Rev. Henry A. Hazen, who has had charge of 
the annual issues for several years. It seems to us by far the best of the Year 
Books issued by the various religious denominations in the United States. It 
contains, as stated in a lengthy title-page, " The General Statistics" of the Con- 
gregational Churches in the United States "for the last previous year: an 
alphabetical list of the Congregational ministers, and of the officers and students 
of Congregational theological seminaries ; the annual record of changes ; the 
vital statistics of Congregational ministers deceased in 1889 ; statements of the 
National co-operative societies ; the National and State organizations of 
Churches ; and other miscellaneous information." 

This volume is larger than previous issues, as it contains the quinquennial 
statistics of the denomination. The National Council recommended in 1877 that 
these statistics should be collected every five years, but this is the first time that 
they have been printed. They add to the value of the book. A section in the 
volume which will be found very convenient, is an alphabetical list of Congre- 
gational ministers who have died in the last thirty-six years, from 1854 to 1889 
inclusive, being an index to the annual obituaries published in the Con- 
gregational Quarterly and in the several year-books. 

Rev. Mr. Hazen, the editor of this volume, is the : acretary of the National 
Council of the Congregational Churches of the United States, under whose 
auspices the book has been prepared and issued. He has done his work 

New Amsterdam, New Orange, New York, with chronological data. By Charles 

W. Darling, Corresponding Secretary of the Oneida Historical Society, N. Y. 

Privately printed. 1889. 8vo. pp. 43. 

This monograph is disappointing because it is too short. It will, however, 
stimulate interest (one of the best results wrought by a good writer) in regard 
to the history of the period treated of, and lead to further study and research. 

The author s "Notes" (as he modestly calls them) " embrace the years be- 
tween the discovery of this land by Hudson in 1609 and the recall of Gov. 
Wouter Van Twiller in 1637.'* 

It is interesting to observe that in 1626 Gov. Minuit purchased from the 
Indians the entire island of Manhattan, for the value of 60 guilders, or about 
§24. of our present currency. The Colony retained its name of New Amsterdam 
until the war between England and Holland in 1673, when a Dutch fleet recap- 
tured it, and the officers named it New Orange, in compliment to the Prince of 
Orange. It retained this name but a short time, for, in 1674, a treaty was 
concluded between England and Holland, and the English gave it the name of 
New York. 

The government of the Colony was vested In a Governor and Council. 

102 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

It had almost unlimited power, for in it were combined the legislative, 
executive, and judicial authority. The people lived in a walled town, or rather 
fortified camp, and strict military rule was observed. 

Money, or at least money in our use of the term, was scarce in the colony. 
The government officers were paid in " Seawant," or beavers, e.g., owners of 
large vessels paid annually to the city "one beaver" for the privilege of 
anchoring in the harbor during the winter. This seawant, or seawan, was the 
name of Indian money. "It was called also wampum, and consisted of beads 
formed of the shells of shell-fish. It was of two colors, the black being con- 
sidered double the value of the white. Its current value was six beads of the 
white, or three of the black, for an English penny." The following proclama- 
tion of Gov. Lovelace, issued Dec. 10, 1G72, is a document too curious to be 

" Whereas it is thought convenient, and necessary, in obedience to his Sacred 
Majesty's Commands, who enjoynes all his subjects, in their distinct colonyes, 
to enter into a strict Allyance and Correspondence with each other, as likewise 
for the advancement of Negotiation, Trade, and Civill Commerce, and for a 
more speedy Intelligence and Dispatch of atmyres. that a messenger or Post bee 
authorised to sett forth from this -City of New Yorke, monthly, and thence to 
travaile to Boston, from whence within that month hee shall returne againe to 
this City. These are therefore to give notice to all persons concerned, That 
on the first day of January next (1673) the messenger appointed shall proceed 
on his Journey to Boston : If any therefore have any letters or small portable 
goods to bee conveyed to Hartford, Connecticott, Bostou, or any other parts in 
the Road, they shall bee carefully delivered according to the Directions by a 
sworne Messenger and Post, who is purposely imployed in that Atiayre ; In the 
Interim those that bee dispos'd to send Letters, lett them bring them to the 
Secretary's office, where is alockt Box they shall be preserved till the Messenger 
calls for them. All persons paying the Post before the Bagg be sealed up. 
Dated at New Yorke this 10th day of Dec. 1672." 

Allusion is made to "The farm of Dominie Bogardus, called the Do minie's 
Bow.cene, the Duke's farm, the King's farm, the Queen's farm, as it passed 
from one owner to another, became at length the property of Trinity Church by 
letters -patent under the seal of the province." 

Want of space forbids further extracts from this interesting work. 

By the Rev. Daniel Rollins, of Millville, Mass. 

The Original Mother Goose's Melody as First issued by John Newbery of London, 

about A. D. 1760. Reproduced in facsimile from the edition as reprinted by 

Isaiah Thomas of Worcester, Jlass., about A.D. 1785. With Introductory Notes. 

By William H. Wihtmore. Albany : Joel Munsell's Sons. 1889. Small 

8vo. pp. 18-f 23. 

"Few books in the English language," says Mr. Whitmore in his preface, 
"have had so great and persistent circulation as the collection of Nursery 
Rhymes known as Mother Goose's Melody. In presenting a reprint of the ear- 
liest known edition, some bibliographical notes may be in place. According to 
my present knowledge, I feel sure that the original name is merely a translation 
from the French ; that the collection was first made for and by John Newbery 
of London about A.D. 1760; and that the great popularity of the book is due 
to the Boston editions of Munroe and Francis A.D. 1824-1860." 

In the Register for 1873 (pp. 1-14-6; 311-15) are several articles on the 
authorship of Mother Goose's Melodies. In the first article Mr. Whitmore 
gives excellent reasons for disbelieving the story that the name Mother Goose 
is of New England origin. 

In the pamphlet before us are collected an array of facts relating to the 
book and the name. Mr. Whitmore does not find the name Mother Goose in 
American nor in English literature at a very early date; but he finds its equiva- 
lent to be of considerable antiquity in the French language, "la Mere Oye " 
being found in a poem bearing date 1650. The popularity of the name, however, 
dates from the publication, in 16 ( J7, of the nursery tales by Charles Perrault, 
entitled " Histoires ou Contes du Terns Passe," also styled " Contes de ma mere 
l'oye." This work seems to have been translated into English by Robert Sam- 
ber, and published as " Tales of Passed Times by Mother Goose" as early as 
1729, perhaps earlier. 

1891.] Book Notices. 103 

John Newbery, the London bookseller, who died in 1767, famous as the pub- 
lisher of little story books for children, issued one or more editions of Mother 
Goose's Tales. It has not definitely been ascertained when the title "Mother 
Goose's Melody " was first used, but Mr. Whitraore thinks it originated with 
Newbery. lieasons are given for believing that he was the original publisher 
of " Mother Goose's Melody or Sonnets for the Cradle," of which, though none 
of the early English editions are known to be extant, Mr. Whitmore has found 
an American reprint of about 1785. This he reproduces in fac-simile in this 
pamphlet. Oliver Goldsmith was a writer for Newbery, avid Mr. Whitmore sug- 
gests the possibility that this famous " Melody " was ids work. 

The little book published by Mr. Thomas is here reproduced by the photo- 
electrotype process, and the reader has before him an exact fac-simile of it, 
with all its curious wood cuts. 

Mr. Whitmore would be pleased to hear from those who have English copies 
of the book, or early copies of the editions published by Munroe and Francis. 

The Lutheran Movement in England during the lieigns of Henry VIII. and Ed- 
ward VI.. and its Literary Monuments. By Henry Eyster Jacobs, D.D., 
Norton Professor of Systematic Theology in the Theological Seminary of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Philadelphia, etc. etc. Philadelphia : G. 
W. Frederick. 1890. 8vo. pp. 370. Price $2. 

The principal purpose of this book, as the preface declares, is " to promote 
a thorough understanding of the historical relation of the Lutheran Church to 
the various English-speaking communions in this country, whose course has 
been influenced by the history of the Church in England during the sixteenth 
century." This purpose is a most laudable one; and, as the author reuiarks, 
"it is surprising that a book filling this place has not appeared before." In 
view of the recent appearance of the German Lutheran Church of the North- 
west as a compact power cooperating with the German Catholics in opposition 
to the exclusive teaching of the English language in the public schools, this 
work of Dr. Jacobs may be regarded as a book for the times, since it emphasizes 
the fact that Lutherauism is not German any more that it is English, or Scotch, 
or Dutch, or Hungarian. 

The Lutheran Church in the United States now numbers between four and 
five millions of members, including more than a million communicants, and it 
is growing with great rapidity in all the elements of denominational power. In 
spite of all that some short-sighted Lutherans of German extraction have 
done to make it a German Church distinctively, the English language has already 
been adopted by many Lutheran congregations, and this revolution in language 
will steadily go forward. "As the various nationalities which its adherents 
represent, merge in one American nationality, so their various languages," as 
Dr. Jacobs foresees, will sooner or later be " laid ask'e for the common lan- 
guage of the country." And this book will hasten the r^ovement. In another 
aspect also it is a book for the times. In view of the impulse toward Christian 
unity now felt among different denominations of English-speaking Protestants, 
Dr. Jacobs has doue well to recall the discussions which took place in the times 
of the Tudors, with reference to a union of the Lutheran and Anglican 
Churches. When the proposals for unity, which the bishops of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church put forth at Chicago in 1886, were presented to the Southern 
Synod of the Lutheran Church, the latter replied that it was ready to resume 
the negotiation for the union of the two Churches at the point where it was 
broken off in the reign of Henry VIII. Perhaps the mainspring of the move- 
ment, in 1535, was Queen Anne Boleyn, though Thomas Cromwell, Archbishop 
Cranmer and several other prelates, favored it; but Henry's ambition to be a 
sort of Grand Caliph of the united Churches was too much for the Lutherans to 
gratify, and the judicial murder of that queen in 1536 excited such horror and 
disgust for the royal ruffian that the movement failed. It may be renewed 
with better success now, both these churches being in this country free from 
any entangling alliance with the state. The ijreat indebtedness of the English- 
speaking world to Luther and Lutherauism for the English Bible, the Book of 
Common Prayer, aud very much of its early religious literature, is well and 
elaborately set forth in this volume. We have noticed several minor errors 
which, when a second edition appears, should be corrected. Eor example, it 
was not " the bishop of London" (page 3), but Longlaud, bishop of Lincoln 
VOL. XLV. 11 

104 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

which then included Oxford, who caused the arrest of so many Lollards in 1521. 
Again : Edward the Sixth was not regarded by Roman Catholics as " a usurper," 
page 191. Again : the year 1484 is ten years too early for the birth of William 
Tyndale, according to Eoase and Demaus, and eight years too late, according 
to Benjamin W. Greenfield, F.S.A. 

Bg Charles Cowley, LL.D., of Loin ell, Mass. 

The Antiquities of Tennessee and the adjacent States, and the State of Aboriginal 
Society in the Scale of Civilization represented by them. A Series of Historical 
and Ethnological Studies. Ry Gates P. Thurston, Corr. Secretary of the 
Tennessee Historical Society. Illustrated. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 
1890. Royal, 8vo. pp. xv.-f-369. Price §4 net, sent by mail on receipt of 

The elegant illustrations and careful descriptions in this volume give the 
reader a feeling of personal acquaintance with the peaceful people who inhabit- 
ed the Cumberland Valley perhaps four or five hundred years ago. A cordon of 
forts and outworks protected the group of well-peopled villages where consider- 
able progress had been made in the development of civilization before the red In- 
dian of the historical period overran the country. The author traces a relation- 
ship and considerable commercial intimacy between these early settlers of Tennes- 
see and the mound-builders of the West, and shows a likeness between their civili- 
zation and that of Mexico and Peru. Plans are given showing the general out- 
lines of their towns and houses and graves. In the latter, which are curious stone 
boxes constructed with great skill, have been found, both in stone and pottery, 
their cradles, bowls, pipes, toys and ornaments, their ancestral statues, their 
weapons, the tools of their trades, and utensils of their religious ceremonial. 

* * * 

Abraham Lincoln's Pen and Voice, being a Complete Compilation of his Letters, 
Civil, Political and Military. Also his Public Addresses, Messages to Congress, 
Inaugurals and others, as well as Proclamations upon Various Public Concerns, 
showing him to have been the greatest Constitutional Student of the Age, and the 
Noblest Pattern for Future Generations America has ever known. By G. M. 
Van Buren, late Colonel U. S. Vols. With a fine steel Portrait. Cincinnati : 
Robert Clarke & Co. 1890. 12mo. pp. 435. Price $1.50. Sent by mail on 
receipt of price. 

Col. Van Ruren has chosen an appropriate title for his attempt to let the great 
President tell the story of his own public life from ids nomination to the presi- 
dency to the hour of his assassination, for the whole book was spoken or written 
by Mr. Lincoln. It is. in effect, a treatise on the War of the Rebellion, for in it 
the motives of the rebels and the patriots, their principles of action, their modes 
of thought, their resources and their conduct are explained by the man who best 
understood them all. It is as good an introduction as can be found to the study 
of the details of the war. It has a value equivalent to a history of the Ameri- 
can Revolution by George Washington or of the English Commonwealth by 
Oliver Cromwell. The glory of soul and mind that sJnne from all its pages is 
Mr. Lincoln's; to the editor belongs the honor of such implicit faith in his hero 
that he does not fear to present him to the most crucial test, — to let him be 
judged by his own words. Criticism of such a book would be presumptuous. 

* * * 

The Constitution of the Society of Sons of the Bevolution and By-Laws of the 

Pennsylvania Society. Instituted April 3, 1SSS. Philadelphia. 1890. 8vo. 

pp. 42. 

It is gratifying to notice that societies like this and kindred societies are 
formed from time to time to do work alom* lines similar to those laid down by 
the New-England Historic Genealogical Society and other historical societies, 
for not only preserving and collating such historical matter as is easily accessi- 
ble, but, also, as far as possible, of searching for and bringing out new facts 
bearing upon the history of our country, gathering and arranging data which 
will throw additional light upon the past. The original sources from which in- 
formation may be obtained are liable — through carelessness, accident, or the 
lapse of time — to become destroyed. 

The object of this Society, as set forth in its constitution and by-laws, is an 

1891.] Boole Notices. 105 

admirable one. As the title indicates, it proposes to take for its special study 
and research the period of the Revolution, and it has for its praiseworthy object 
the purpose of perpetuating "the memory of the men, who, in the military, 
naval and civil- service of the Colonies and of the Continental Congress, by their 
acts as counsel, achieved the Independence of the country, and to further the 
proper celebration of the anniversaries of the birthday of Washington and of 
prominent events connected with the war of the Revolution ; to collect and 
secure for preservation the rolls, records and other documents relating to that 

Male descendants of any one who served faithfully in the military or naval 
service under the authority of any of the thirteen Colonies or of the Continental 
Congress, or a descendant of one of the signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, or of any member of the Continental Congress or of the Congress of 
any of the Colonies or States, or as an official appointed by or under the 
authority of any such legislative bodies, actually assisted in the establishment 
of American Independence by services rendered during the war of the Revolu- 
tion, are eligible to membership in the Society. 

There is a general Society with its board of officers. It also intends to in- 
clude such branch societies from the different States as may desire admission. 
The name of John Woolf Jordan (the donor of this pamphlet to our Society) 
appears in it as the Registrar of the Pennsylvania Society. 

We wish the Society and its branches every success. 
By the Rev. Daniel Rollins, of Milville, Mass, 

Memoirs of John Bannister Gibson, Late Chief Justice of Pennsylvania. By 
Thomas P. Roberts. With Hon. Jeremiah S. Black's Eulogy; Notes from 
Hon. William A. Porter's Essay upon his Life and Character, etc. etc. 
Pittsburgh: Joseph Eichbaum & Co. 1890. 8vo. pp. 247. 
Chief Justice Gibson, to whose memoirs this volume is devoted, was born in 
a house still standing in Perry county, Pa., Nov. 8, 1780, and died at Philadel- 
phia, May 3, 1853. He was a student at Dickinson College, but probably did 
not graduate. He was admitted to the bar of Cumberland county in 1803, and 
began practice at Carlisle, which was his residence for the greater portion of 
his life. In 1813 he was appointed a district judge, in 1816 he was promoted 
to the Supreme Court, and in 1827 was made chief justice of the state. 

Mr. Roberts, his biographer, is a native of Carlisle, and has distinguished 
himself in a different calling. In the volume before us he first presents to 
us the incidents in the private life of Judge Gibson, with a history of his 
ancestors and kindred, who were prominent in Pennsylvania history. This 
chapter is very interesting. Not being bred to the law himself, Mr. Roberts 
prefers to let those who were tell the "story of his life at the bar and on the 
bench. This is done by Chief Justice Jeremiah S. Black , in his eulogy delivered 
at Harrisburg, in May, 1853, in the proceedings of the Supreme Court on the 
death of Judge Gibson, which are here printed in full. Selections from an 
essay by Judge William A. Porter on Judge Gibson's life and writings, present 
to us his character " as a Lawyer, a Legislator and a Judge." Tributes from 
other speakers and writers also appear in these pages. An appendix contains 
other interesting ancL valuable matter. The book is well printed and is illus- 
trated by engravings, two of which are portraits of Judge Gibson. It has an 

Illustrated Americana, 1493-1889. Articles read to the American Antiquarian 
Society. By James F. Hunnewell. Reprinted for the Author from the Pro- 
ceedings of the American Antiquarian Society. 1890. Sm. 4to. pp. 37. 150 
copies printed. 

Some of Mr. Hunnewell's previous works have been noticed in the Register, 
among them "The Lands of Scott," "The Historical Monuments of France," 
" The Imperial Island," and " A Century of Town Life." In the present work 
he gives an account of illustrated books on America. " Along with examples 
of nearly all styles and qualities of engraving," says the author, these books 
" show us an even greater variety of what has been learned or imagined about 
the western hemisphere. Maps, which are very numerous, form a class by 
themselves, as in later times do almost countless wood cuts. Before 1590 the 
latter were, however, about the only sort of engravings relating to the New 

106 Book Notices. [Jan. 

Mr. Hunneweli divides his work into two parts, the first devoted to Illustrated 
Americana from 1493 to 1621, and the second to such books as have appeared 
since 1600; in other words, those printed since the English settlement of this 

The bibliography of illustrated books on America here presented, has been 
compiled with much labor and care. The reader will obtain from it clear and 
definite information on the subject. The book makes a handsome volume, and 
is illustrated with a fine portrait of Columbus from De Bry. 

Transactions of the Kansas State Historical Society, embracing the Fifth and 

Sixth Biennial Reports, 1886-1SSS. Compiled by F. G. Adams, Secretary. 

Vol. IV. Topeka : Kansas Publishing House, Clifford C. Baker, State Printer. 

1890. 8vo. pp. 319. 

This young historical society shows evidence of activity and vigor. The 
bulky volume before us contains the fifth and sixth biennial reports of the pro- 
ceedings of the Society. Much valuable matter relating to the history of Kansas 
is preserved in the annual addresses of the presidents and in the reports of the 
several officers here printed. About half the volume is devoted to "copies of 
official papers during a portion of the administration of Governor Wilson 
Shannon, 185(5, and the Executive Minutes of Governor John W. Geary, during 
his administration beginning September 9, 1856, and ending March 10, 1857." 
These papers have been gathered by the secretary of the Society, the Hon. 
Franklin G. Adams, from Congressional documents, and will be found of great 
use to students of the history of Kansas. A chronological index to these papers 
fills eleven closely printed pages. A very full alphabetical index to the volume 
fills thirty pages. 

The book makes a handsome volume. It does credit to the Society and 
secretary Adams. 

TJte Presentation of Flags to the Schools of Portsmouth, V. II, October 9th, 1890, 
by Storer Post No. I, Grand Army of the Bepublic, Department of New Hamp- 
shire. With an Appendix relating to the Whipple and Farragut Schools. 
Portsmouth, N. II. : Printed by the Times Publishing Company. 1890. 8vo. 
pp.36. Price 50 cts. Address Paymaster Joseph Foster, U.S.N. , 26 Middle 
St., Portsmouth, N. H. 

The proceedings at the presentation of flags last October to the Portsmouth 
schools were very interesting, and were calculated to inspire patriotic feelings 
among the scholars of those schools. They have been prepared for publication 
by Pay master Foster, and are printed in the pamphlet before us. 

The Appendix contains considerable genealogical information as to the ances- 
tors and kindred of Gen. William Whipple, one of the signers of the Declaration of 
Independence, with a sketch of his life. A biographical sketch of Admiral David 
G. Farragut, and other valuable matter, are also to be found in the pamphlet. 

The Northern Boundary of Massachusetts in its Relation to New Hampshire. By 

Samuel A. Green, M.L). Cambridge: John Wilson & Son, University Press. 

1890. 8vo. pp. 23. 
Remarks on an Early File of the Boston Keies-Letter made before the Massachusetts 

Historical Society. With a Letter by Thomas Jefferson. By Samuel Abbott 

Green, M.D. 8vo. pp. 7. 

We have before us two recent pamphlets by Dr. Green. 

The first is " a part of the Council's Report made to the American Antiquarian 
Society, at Worcester, on October 21, 1890," and is reprinted from the Proceed- 
ings of that Society. It gives a history of the disputes concerning the boundary 
line between New Hampshire and Massachusetts, which began very early after 
the settlement of the two colonies and has continued to the present time. 

The second pamphlet is a reprint from the Proceedings of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society. The file of early News-Letters of which an account is given 
once belonged to Chief Justice Samuel Sewall, and is now the property of the 
New York Historical Society. It begins April 21, 1701, and ends April 19, 1708. 
The value of this file is increased by the contemporary broadsides which have 
heen bound up with it, and the marginal notes by Judge Sewall. Dr. Green 
describes the several broadsides, The letter on Jefferson is on business, and is 
dated August 5, 1817. 

1891.] Booh Notices. 107 

Wells Wills, Arranged in Parishes and Annotated. By Frederic William 
Weaver, M.A. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., LtA 1890. 
8vo. pp. xii.+234. 

The editor of this work is an experienced antiquary. He is the editor, for 
the county of Somerset, of the " Somerset and Dorset Notes and Queries." His 
"Somerset Incumbents" was commended by us in April, 1889. He is also the 
editor of " Visitations of the Counties of Somerset and Hereford." 

The volume before us contains abstracts of the Wills in the first two books of 
Wills at the District Probate Register, Wells, England. About six hundred 
wills are recorded in those two volumes, and abstracts of all of them are here 
given. The dates run from the year 1528 to 1536, though a few of the wills bear 
earlier dates. 

There are some new features of the work which will commend it to those for 
whose use it is prepared. The different parishes are alphabetically arranged, 
and under each parish the wills of the testators who resided in that parish are 
printed. This must have caused no little labor to the editor, but the advantages 
of this arrangement will repay him for it. Prefixed is a table showing " The 
Saints and Services of North and West Somerset as seen in the Devotions of the 
several Parishes." 

The preface contains much interesting information relating to church services 
in Pre-Reformation times, while numerous marginal annotations explain and 
illustrate the text. The whole book is fully indexed, there being Index Rerusa 
in addition to the usual Index Nominum. The Rev. Mr. Weaver deserves 
much credit for the excellent manner in which he has performed his editorial 
work. The book is handsomely printed on fine white paper. 

Index to the First Volume of the Parish Registers of Gainford in the County of 
Durham. Part III. Burials 1569-1784. London : Elliot Stock, 62 Pater- 
noster Row, E. C. 1890. 8vo. pp. 140. Price six shillings. 

In July last we noticed Parts I. and II. of the work before us, containing an 
index to the baptisms and marriages in the oldest Volume of the Parish Registers 
of Gainford. Part III. just issued contains an index to burials there recorded, 
and completes the work. The registers of baptisms, marriages and burials for 
the parish of Gainford form thirteen volumes and preserve a continuous record 
from 1569 to our own day. The present publication contains an index to the 
first volume only, but a manuscript index of six later volumes to the year 1837 
on the same plan as that here printed has been made by the same compiler. 

To the Rev. Joseph Edleston, LL.D., the vicar of Gainford, who has borne 
the expense of printing these volumes, and to the editor for the labor, taste 
and judgment bestowed upon them, the thanks of genealogists and antiquaries 
are due. 

A volume is now in preparation which will contai i complete copies of the 
Monumental Inscriptions in Gainford Church and Churchyard. It will make a 
fit companion to the three volumes devoted to the Parish Registers. 

Proceedings of the Rhode Island Historical Society, 1889-90. Providence : Printed 

for the Society. 1890. 8vo. pp. 126. 
The Rhode Island Historical Society. Sketch of its History with a List of Papers 

read at its Stated Meetings. Providence : Printed for the Society by Snow & 

Farnham. 1890. 8vo. pp. 37. 

The first of these two pamphlets contains the Proceedings of the Society for 
the year 1889. This series of pamphlets was begun in 1872. and since then they 
have been printed annually, the present being the eighteenth issue. It contains 
a full report of the proceedings at the annual meeting, with the able address of 
the president, Gen. Horatio Rogers; a history of the society by the secretary; 
the annual necrology ; a list of donors, and other articles. It shows that the 
year 18S9 was an active and prosperous one for the society, though it had to 
mourn the loss of its learned president and benefactor, Prof. William Gammed, 

The next pamphlet is a reprint from the preceding. It gives a brief history 
of the Rhode Island Historical Society, prepared by the secretary Amos Perry, 
LL.D. The society was formed in June, 1822, and was the fourth state histori- 
cal society organized in the United States, the Massachusets Historical Society, 
VOL. XLV. 11* 

108 Booh Notices, [Jan. 

formed in 1790, being the first; the New York Historical Society, formed in 
1804, the second; and the Maine Historical Society, formed in April, 1822, the 
third. The society has been an efficient instrument in collecting, printing and 
otherwise preserving materials for the history of the State. It has issued seven 
octavo volumes of Collections filled with rare and valuable historical matter, 
the first having been printed in 1827, and the last in 1885. It has also printed its 
Proceedings annually for the last eighteen years. Besides this it has printed a 
variety of miscellaneous documents, such as addresses, reports, circulars, etc. 
Dr. Perry has appended to his History, a chronological list of papers and lec- 
tures read at the stated meetings of the society from Nov. 18, 1835, to Dec. 31, 
1889. There are 343 different papers in this list, read or written by 164 different 
persons at 314 different meetings held within a period of fifty-six years. The 
pamphlet is carefully compiled and gives much interesting information relative 
to the work of the society. 

Genealogical Memoranda of the Family of Ames. By Reginald Ames, M.A. 
Privately Printed. London : Mitchell & Hughes, 140 Wardour Street, TV. 

1889. 4to. pp. xxii.-f-22+99. With 45 leaves of plates and 5 large folding 
tabular pedigrees. 

Genealogy of the Bigelow Family of America, from the Marriage in 1642 of John 
Biglo and Mary Warren to the Year 1890. By Gilman Bigelow Howe. 
Worcester, Mass. : Printed by Charles Hamilton. 1890. 8vo. pp. 517. 

Genealogy of the Breck Family descended from Edward of Dorchester and his 
brothers in America. With an Appendix. By Samuel Breck, U.S.A. Omaha: 
Rees Printing Company. 1889. 8vo. pp. 252+xxix. Price $5. Sent pre- 
paid on receipt of price. Address, Gen. Samuel Breck, War Department, 
Washington, D. C. 

Memoirs of Matthew Clarkson of Philadelphia, 1735-1800. By his great grand- 
son, John Hall. Also of his brother, Gerardus Clarkson, 1737-1790. By 
his great-grandson, Samuel Clarkson. 1890. 8vo. pp. 259. 

Genealogy of Joseph Fisher and his Descendants, and of the Alb'ed Families of 
Farley, Farlee, Fettermon, Pitner, Beeder and Shipman. Compiled by Clar- 
ence Woodward Pisher. Press of E. H. Lisk, Troy, N. Y. 8vo. pp. 243. 

A Contribution towards a Genealogy of all Torreys in America. Compiled by D. 
Torrey. Detroit: John F. Eby & Co., Printers. 1890. 8vo. pp. 145-f-lxi. 
Address, D. Torrey, 81 Fulton Street, New York city. 

The Sayward Family; being the History and Genealogy of Henry Sayward of 
York, Maine, and his Descendants. With a brirf account of other Say wards 
who settled in America. By Charles A. Sayward. Ipswich, Mass. : Inde- 
pendent Press, E. G. Hull. 1890. Sm. 8vo. pp. vi.-f-177. 

A Genealogy of One Branch of the Warren Family, with its litermarriages, 1637- 

1890. Compiled for Moses Conant Warren, by Mary Parker Warren. 
Edited by Emily Wilder Leavitt. Printed for Private Circulation. 1890. 
Royal 8vo. pp. iv.-f-59. 

A Genealogy of One Branch of the Conant Family 1581-1890. Arranged for 
Moses Conant Warren, by Emily Wilder Leavitt. Printed for Private Cir- 
culation. 1890. Royal 8vo. pp. iii.-f- 18. 

A Genealogy of the Bogman Family 1767-1890. Compiled for Moses Conant 
Warren, by Emily Wilder Leavttt. Printed for Private Circulation. 1890. 
Royal 8vo. pp. lv.-f-36. 

A Genealogy of One Branch of the Morey Family 1631-1890. Edited for Moses 
Conant Warren, by Emily Wilder Leavitt. Printed for Private Circula- 
tion. 1890. Royal 8vo. pp. vi.-f-30. 

The Bartow Family in England. By the Rev. Evelyn P. Bartow, M.A. 1890. 
Illustrated. Royal 8vo. pp. 44. 

The History of the Dudley Family, with Genealogical Tables, Pedigrees, etc. 
Number IV. By Dean Dudley, author of The First Council of Nice, etc. 
To be published in numbers or parts of 100 pages each. Wakefield, Mass. : 
Dean Dudley, Publisher. 1890. Royal 8vo. 100 pages. Price $1. 

A Brief History of the Joy Family. By One of them. Printed for Private 
Circulation. 1870. Sm. 4to. pp. 37, and 8 pages for a " Family Record" and 

1891.] Booh Notices. 109 

Memorial to my Honored Kindred. By Charles W. Darling. 1888, Utica, 

N. Y. Royal 8vo. pp. 112. 
A Sketch of the Life of Rev. Daniel Dana Tappan. With an Account of the Tap- 
pan Family. Prepared by His Children. Boston : Press of Samuel Usher. 

1890. 8vo. pp. 28. 
Descendants of William Low of Boston, Massachusetts. Compiled by Edmund 

Dana Barbour. January 1, 1890. Tabular pedigree in cloth cover. 
Thomas (Nock) Knox of Dover, X. H., in 1G52, and some of his Descendants. 

Compiled by W. B. Lapiiam. Privately Printed. Augusta: Press of Maine 

Farmer. 1890. 8vo. pp. 34. 
The Parker Family : A Short Record of the Roxbury Branch of the Parker Family 

of Beading, Massachusetls, and of some of their Descendants. By George H. 

Parker, Cullman, Alabama. Cullman, Ala. : Alabama Tribune Print. 1890. 

8vo. pp. 10. 
A Genealogical Record. Forsyth of Kydie. By Forsyth de Fronsac. New 

Market, Virginia (TJ. S. A.) : Henkel & Co., Printers and Publishers. 1888. 

8vo. 29 pages. 
Descendants of Jonathan Perry of Topsham, Maine, to the Fifth Generation. 

Compiled by Arthur L. Perry of Gardiner, Maine. Augusta : Press of 

Charles E. Nash. 1890. 8vo. pp. 13. With blank Family Record, 8 pages. 
The Poor-Poore Family Gathering at Haverhill, Massachusetts, Sept. 14, 1S87. 

Salem: Printed by the Salem Press Publishing and Printing Co. 1890. Svo. 

pp. 107. 
Allertons of New England and Virginia. By Isaac J. Greenwood of New 

York city. 8vo. pp. 7. 
Lieut. William French and his Descendants. By John M. French, M.D., of 

Milford, Mass. 8vo. pp. 8. 

We continue in this number our quarterly notices of recently published works 
relating to genealogy. 

The fin>t book on our list, " Genealogical Memoranda of the Family of Ames," 
is a large and elegant volume, handsomely printed on heavy white paper and 
profusely illustrated with portraits and views. It shows how much can be 
done by research, good judgment and taste, and ample means, to preserve in an 
artistic manner the memorials of a family. The volume seems to be intended to 
preserve in print the ancestry of the author and his brothers and sisters, and a 
record of various families from which they are descended or to which they are 
allied. The illustrations are of a high order of merit, and quite a number of his- 
toric personages are among the portraits. One folding pedigree is that of the 
descerdants of Matthew Ames of Doulting, Somerset, who lived in the seven- 
teenth century and is the ancestor of the author; and another gives thirty-two 
lineal ascents of the author for five generations. The author is a descendant 
of President Charles Chauncy of Harvard College, and a very full tabular pedi- 
gree of the Chauncy family is given. There are also pedigrees of Mauduit, 
Mortimer, Gouge and other families. Many wills, diaries and other documents 
illustrate the work. 

The next book, on the Bigelow family, is a bulky volume containing a very 
full genealogy of the descendants or John Bigelow of Watertown, Mass. The 
author seems to have made his research with great thoroughness, and has col- 
lected the records of about five thousand persons descended from the immigrant. 
The material is well arranged. The dates of births, marriages and deaths are 
full and precise. Much biographical matter has also been obtained. The book 
is embellished with sixteen portraits. Indexes of heads of families and of 
other surnames that occur in the volumes are given. The author has done a 
good service to his kindred. 

The book on the Breck family, by Gen. Breck, is devoted to the descendants 
of the immigrants Edward and Thomas Breck, who settled at Dorchester, 
Mass., in the middle of the seventeenth century. The book is divided into two 
parts. The first part contains the posterity of Edward, and is called by the 
author the Dorchester Branch. Part second gives the descendants of Thomas, 
whose only known son, Thomas, settled at Sherborn, and this is therefore 
called by Gen. Breck the Sherborn Branch. The family seems to have been 

110 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

thoroughly traced. Much biographical matter is given and numerous portraits 
are printed in the text. There is an " Appendix of additional biographical and 
historical matter, obituary notices, letters, etc., and armorial bearings." The 
author has produced a valuable book. A complete index is given. 

The next book contains memoirs of two brothers, Hon. Matthew and Dr. 
Gerardus Clarkson, prominent citizens of Philadelphia in the last century. 
Each memoir is written by a great-grandson. The lives of these brothers in- 
cluded the whole period of the Revolutionary war. of which both were support- 
ers, the elder having rendered military service as an officer in it. He was for 
several years mayor of Philadelphia. Much illustrating the history of Penn- 
sylvania is preserved in the pages. A considerable portion of the work is de- 
voted to the ancestry and descendants of these men. The authors have done a 
service to the public by giving them this memorial of their ancestors and 
kindred. The volume is handsomely printed on thick white paper, and is em- 
bellished with twelve fine engravings, consisting of portraits, views of build- 
ings, etc. 

The book on the Fisher family gives the descendants of Joseph Fisher, born 
April, 1734, a native of Saxony, who emigrated to this country at an early age, 
and settled in New Jersey. In 1788 he removed to Northumberland County, 
Pa. The volume is compiled by Clarence W. Fisher of Mechanicsville, N. Y. 
The Fisher Family fills 146 pages, the rest of the book being devoted to the 
other families named on the title-page. Mr. Fisher has succeeded in gathering 
a full account of the descendants of his immigrant ancestor, with much biogra- 
phical matter relating to the members of the family. It is carefully arranged 
on the Register Plax, and is handsomely printed, with twenty illustrations, 
consisting of portraits, views of residences, etc. Fac-similes of two family 
records are given. 

The book on the Torrey family is by Mr. Dolphus Torrey of New York city. 
Four brothers, William, James, Philip and Joseph Torrey, sons of Philip and 
grandsons of William Torrey of Combe St. Nicholas, co. Somerset, England, 
were among the early emigrants to New England. William settled at Wey- 
mouth, James at Scituate, Philip at Roxbury, and Joseph at Rehoboth. From 
them a numerous progeny has proceeded. A f nil genealogy is not attempted. 
What we have here are ' ; genealogical notes showing the paternal line of de- 
scent from William Torrey of Combe St. Nicholas, Somerset County, England, 
A.D. 1557, to Abner Torrey of Weymouth, Massachusetts, with all descendants 
of Abner Torrey." The descendants in all surnames of this Abner Torrey, born 
1736, are very fully traced in this book. Au appendix of interesting matter and 
a good index are added. We commend the book to our readers. 

The Sayward book is by the Hon. Charles A. Sayward of Ipswich, Mass. 
The first of the name found in New England was Edmund, who resided in 
Ipswici , Mass., in 1634, and subsequently removed to York, Maine. His brother 
Henry came here in 1637 and settled at Hampton, N. H., but also finally re- 
moved to York. The book gives a very full account of the descendants of 
these brothers, besides some records of persons of the name who have not been 
connected with them. The book is well arranged and has a good index. 

The next four works whose titles we give — those relating to the Warren, 
Conant, Bogman and Morey families — are issued in one volume. They were 
compiled for the late Moses Conant Warren, who did not live to see his "work 
completed, but died, after a brief illness, Oct. 1, 1890, just as the last sheets of 
his book were going through the press. The Warren family here recorded is 
descended from Arthur Warren, who settled at Weymouth, Mass., as early as 
1638. No connection has been traced between him and Richard Warren of 
Plymouth, and John Warren of Watertown. The parentage of neither of these 
early immigrants has yet been discovered. The Conant family is from Roger 
Conant, a native of East Budleigh, Devon, where his ancestors were settled. 
He was at the head of the colony planted in 1623 at Cape Anne, and subsequently 
removed to Salem (See Register, ii. 233-39, 329-35). The Bogman family is 
descended from Jacob Bogman, a wealthy planter of Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana, 
whose son, Charles Laurens Bogman, born May, 1747, emigrated to New England 
and settled at Providence in 1767. The Morey family is descended from Roger 
Morey, who settled at Providence, R. I., in 1636. The branches of the several 
families recorded in these books are carefully traced and well arranged. They 

1891.] Book Notices. Ill 

are handsomely printed and illustrated by fine engravings. Each work has a 
separate index. 

The Bartow book is by the author of the works on this family noticed by us 
in July, 1876, and in April, 1887. This seems to be a revision and extension of 
the latter work, much new matter being added. It has a folding tabular pedi- 
gree, is handsomely printed and is embellished by several flue engravings. 

The new number of the history of the Dudley family, of which five have now 
been issued, sustains the interest of the work. The genealogical account of the 
descendants of Gov. Thomas Dudley in the line of his oldest son, Rev. Samuel 
Dudley, is here continued. More matter relative to the English Dudleys, and 
to others of the name in this country, is given. It is illustrated with numerous 
portraits and views. 

The book on the Joy family is by Mrs. Cornelia C Joy Dyer, the compiler of 
the Dyer genealosry noticed by us in July, 1881. The New-England Joys are 
descended from Thomas Joy, an early settler of Boston. Much interesting 
matter is here preserved. 

The " Memorial to my Honored Kindred" is prepared by Mr. Darling as a 
tribute of affection to his father, Rev. Charles Chauncey Darling, his mother* 
Mrs. Adeline Eliza Darling, and his brother, Mr. Elisha Colt Darling; and as 
a memorial to their ancestors and kindred. Memoirs of these and others of the 
family are given, with genealogical matter concerning the Darling, Chauncey, 
Davis, Dana, Ely, Harlakenden, Haynes. Pierpont and Noyes families. It is 
embellished with portraits of the Rev. C. C. Darling and President Chauncey of 
Harvard College. 

To the well-written memoir before us of the Rev. Daniel D. Tappan, born 
1798, died 1890, is appended " Some Account of the Tappan Eamily." " A List 
of the Descendants of his father Samuel Tappan of Portsmouth, N. H.," shows 
that seventy-three descendants of Samuel were living July 15, 1890. 

The Low pedigree, which is next in order, gives the descendants to the fifth 
generation of William Low, born in Boston, Mass., Feb. 13, 1748, and died 
there Sept 13, 1812. The record is fully traced, with precise elates. 

Dr. Lapham's genealogy of the Knox family, like all his work, is carefully 
compiled. Though the descendants of Thomas Nock or Kuox of Dover, N. H., 
continued, with a few exceptions, to reside in that vicinity for a century, they 
are now widely dispersed. The author has suceeded in obtaining a very full 
record of them. 

The Parker family, to which the next pamphlet is devoted, is descended from 
Thomas Parker, who came to New England in 1035, and after a short stay in 
Lynn, removed to Reading, of which he was one of the first settlers. The 
author has not attempted a full genealogy of this family, but merely a record 
of that part of it which may be characterized as the Roxbury branch. Of this 
branch we And here a good record. 

The next pamphlet on the Forsyth family contains much genealogical matter 
relative to persons of that name in Europe and America. Matthew Forsyth, a 
native of Ireland, settled at Chester, N. H., in 1742. From him the author of 
this work, Frederic Gregory Forsyth (Forsyth de Fronsac) of Leesburgh, 
Loudoun County, Va., is descended. 

The pamphlet on the Perry family is descended from Jonathan Perry of Top- 
ham, Me., who was born at Scituate, Dec. 28, 1730. His father was Joseph 
Perry, but the line has not been traced further baek. A very good record of 
his descendants is here preserved. An engraving of the homestead is given. 

The next pamphlet gives the proceedings at the third gathering of the Poor 
family, which was held at Haverhill, Mass., Sept. 14, 1887. The oration was 
by Albert Poor of Boston. Other interesting addresses, remarks, poems, 
letters, etc., are here printed. Thirty-nine pages are devoted to "Obituary 
Notices," which are embellished with a line portrait of the late Major Ben : 
Perley Poor, and a view of his Mansion House at Indian Hill, West Newbury, 

The Allerton and French pamphlets are reprints from the Register, the 
former from the number for July, 1890, and the latter from that of Oct. 1890. 

112 ". Recent Publications, [Jan. 



Prepared by Mr. Thomas F. Millett, Assistant Librarian. 
I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

A Manual of the Church of Christ in Millis, Mass., 1714— October 7, 1889. Edited 
by Rev. E. O. Jameson, Pastor. Boston: Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers. 1890. 
8vo. pp. 55. 

Thomas (Nock) Knox of Dover, N. II., in 1652, and some of his Descendants. By 
Dr. Wm. B. Lapham. Privately Printed.- Augusta, Maine: 1890. Press of The 
Maine Farmer. 8vo. pp. 34. 

Bangor Historical Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 12. June, 1890. Edited by Joseph "W. 
Porter, Bangor, Maine. 

People and their Homes in Groton, Massachusetts, in Olden Time. By Francis 
Marion Boutwell. Groton. 1890. 8vo. pp. 18. 

Papers relating to Capt. Thomas Lawrence's Company, raised in Groton, Massa- 
chusetts, during the French and Indian Wars, 1758. Remarks made before the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, May 8, 1890. By Samuel Abbott Green, M.D. 8vo. 
pp. 15. 

TbePoor-Poore Family Gathering at Haverhill, Mass., Sept. 14, 1887. Bv Alfred 
Poore, Salem, Mass. Printed by The Salem Press Publishing & Printing Co. 1890. 
8vo. pp. 107. 

"In Memoriam" Rev. Adin Ballou. A Sermon given in the Unitarian Church at 
Mendon, Aug. 21, 1890. By Rev. C. A. Staples. Boston: Geo. H. Ellis, Printer. 
1890. 8vo. pp. 18. 

The Northern Boundary of Massachusetts in its Relation to New Hampshire. A 
part of the Council's Report made to the American Antiquarian Society at Worces- 
ter, on Oct. 21, 1890. By Samuel A. Green, M.D. 1890. 8vo. pp. 23. 

Twenty-first Report of the Record Commissioners of the City of Boston. Contain- 
ing Dorchester births, marriages, and deaths, to the end of 1S25. Boston : Rockwell 
& Churchill, City Printers. 1890. 8vo. pp. 392. 

II. Other Publications. 

The Union State : a Letter from our States-Right Friend. By John C. Kurd, 
LL.D., author of "The Law of Freedom and Bondage in the United States," 
etc. New York: D. Van Nostrand Company. 1890. 8vo. pp. 135. Price 
75 cts., or 81 cts. by mail. A notice will appear in the April number. 

Dedhara Historical Register. Vol. I. No. 3. Published by the Dedham 
Historical Society. July, 1890. 8vo. 

Collections and Proceedings of the Maine Historical Society. Quarterly Part, 
No. 3. July, 1890. Published for the Society by Brown, Thurston & Co. 
Portland, Maine. 

Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder. Vol. V. No. 4. Oct., 1888. 
S. M. Watson, Publisher. Portland, Maine. 1888. 

Report of the Committee on the Western Boundary of Maryland. A Paper 
read before the Maryland Historical Society, December 9, 1889. Maryland 
Historical Society, Baltimore, Md. 1890. 8vo. pp. 40. 

Archaeological Institute of America. Wisconsin Society. Report of the 
First Annual Meeting, held at Madison, May 2, 1890. Addresses by Prof. 
James Davie Butler, LL.D., on " A Day at Delphi," and by Prof. Charles Ed- 
win Bennett, on " The Work and Aims of the Archaeological Institute of 
America." Madison, Wis. : State Journal Printing Co. 1890. 8vo. 

Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society. Vol. XL No. 1. 1890. 

" Up Neck" in 1825, bv Gurdon W. Russell, M.D. Hartford: 1890. 8vo. 
pp. 145. 

Collections of the Surrey Archaeological Society. Vol. X. No. 1. London : 
1890. 8vo. pp. 149. 

The New-Engiand Notes and -Queries. Vol. I. No. 3. July, 1890. R. H. 
Tilley, Newport, R. I. 8vo. 

Obituary Record of Graduates of Dartmouth College and the Associated 
Institutions for Year ending at Commencement, 1890. By John M. Comstock, 
Statistical Secretary for the Association of Alumni of Dartmouth College. 
Hanover, N. H. : Dartmouth Steam Press. 1890. Svo. pp. 24. 




Memorials of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati. Edited by James 
M. Bugbee. Boston: Printed for the Society. 1890. 6\ T o. pp. 575. 

Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars. 1861-1865. Prepared and published 
under the supervision of the Board of Commissioners appointed by the Act of 
the Legislature of Minnesota of April 16, 1889. St. Paul, Minn. 1890. Printed 
for the State by the Pioneer Press Company. 8vo. pp. 844. 

Catalogue of Records and Files in the office of the Clerk of the Supreme 
Judicial Court for the County of Suffolk. 1890. Boston : Addison C. Getchell, 
Printer, 55 Oliver St. 8vo. pp. 169. 

Yarmouth, Nova Scotia. A Sequel to Campbell's History. By George S. 
Brown. Boston. 1888. Rand, Avery & Co.. Printers. 8vo. pp. 524. 

Fifty Years with the Revere Copper Co. A Paper read at the Stockholders' 
Meeting, held on Monday, 24 March, 1890. By its Treasurer, S. T. Snow. 
1890. Press of Samuel Usher. Boston, Mass. Printed by request, and for 
use of the Stockholders. 8vo. pp. 49. 

Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder. Vol. VI. No. I. January, 
1889. S. M. Watson, Publisher. Portland, Maine. 1889. 

The Salem Press Historical and Genealogical Record. No. 2. October, 1890. 
Vol. I. Published Quarterly. By The Salem Press Publishing and Printing Co. 
Eben Putnam, Editor. Salem, Mass. 8vo. 

Dedham Historical Register. Vol. I. No. 4. October, 1890. Published by 
the Dedham Historical Society. Dedham, Mass. 

Bulletin of the Boston Public Library. Issued Quarterly. October, 1890. 
Boston : Published by the Trustees. 

Memorial and Reminiscences of Dr. Levi F. Warner, Boston, Mass. Mil- 
waukee, Wis. : The Corbett & Skidmore Co. 1890. 8vo. pp. 86. 

History of the Dudley Family. No. 4. By Dean Dudley. Wakefield, Mass. 

Contributions of The Old Residents' Historical Association. Lowell, Mass. 
Vol. IV. No. 3. Published by the Association. September, 1890. Lowell, 
Mass. 1890. 


Cephas Bkigham, Esq., died at Newton, 
Mass., Oct. 31, 1890, in his 69th year. 
He was born at Deerfield, Mass., Dec. 
26, 1821. He was educated at the 
academy in his native town. After this 
he taug it public and private schools in 
various places. In 1861 he accepted 
the position of master of the Williams 
School, Auburndale, in the town now 
city of Newton, and soon became a 
leading teacher in that place. He 
taught here about seven years, during 
which time he completed his law studies 
with David H. Mason of Newton Centre. 
He was admitted to the bar, and held 
for a tune the office of trial justice. He 
assisted in organizing the Society for 
the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, 
and was a member of the New con school 
board. In 1874 he removed to Boston 
and opened a law office in Court Street. 
He returned to Newton in 1883 and 
resided there till his death. His wife 
died in 1887. 

Dr. Johx Danforth Greenwood died at 
Motueka, N. Z., June 15, 1«90, aged 87 ; 
his wife, Mrs. Sarah (Field) Green- 

wood, died Dec. 13, 18S9, aged 80 years 
28 days. Dr. Greenwood, who was 
born in London, settled in New Zealand 
in 1843, w r here he took an active part 
in political and social matters, and was 
the leading spirit of the Commission 
whose report to the Prov. Councd 
was the basis of the Nelson Education 
Act. He tilled several important posi- 
tions at Nelson, was the first Inspector 
of Schools, Principal of the Boys' Col- 
lege, Editor of the Nelson Examiner, 
and finally Sergeant at Arms in the 
House of Representatives. He and his 
good wife were exemplary Christians, 
and veritable friends in need to many 
of the settlers amid whom they had 
cast in their lot. They leave a goodly 
number of descendants. Dr. Green- 
wood was a cousin of Mr. James 
Greenwood of Norwich, Conn., of Mrs. 
George W. Bond of Jamaica Plain, and 
of the late Mrs. Sol. Stoddard of North- 
ampton, Mass. ; his grandfather, a native 
of Boston, was John Greenwood, artist 
and mezzotinter of Amsterdam and 




Mrs. Mary Agnes Greenwood, wife of 
Isaac J. Greenwood, died at New York, 
Oct. 31, 1S90, aged 44 (vide Register, 
xxxix. 108) . " Honored for her loyalty 
to the Reformed Chureh, to which she 
was devotedly attached, and for her 
consecration to the cause of her Saviour 
in the numerous spheres of usefulness 
which she occupied, * * suddenly, .in 
the prime of life, in the fulness of suc- 
cessful work for the Master, and just 
when she seemed most qualified for 
further service, she is called away. The 
family circle of which she was such a 
conspicuous ornament grieve over their 
irreparable loss ; but their grief is 
shared by a 'far larger circle." — (CA/v's. 

Capt. Henry Kingsbury died at Salis- 
burypoint, Amesbury, Mass., Aug. 6, 
1890, aged 76. He was the oldest son 
of Samuel and Miriam (Gilpatrick) 
Kingsbury, and was born at Bath, Me., 
May 4, 1814. He was a descendant in 
the 8th generation from Henry K>ngs- 
bury of Ipswich atid Haverhill, Mass., 
through John," John 2 and wife Hannah ; 
He?iry 4 and wife Rebecca Kent; Lt. 
Col. John 5 by wife Patience Tappau 
(daughter of Abraham Tappau and 
granddaughter of Rev. Michael "Wig- 
gles worth, author of the Day of Doom) ; 
John* and wife Miriam Place ; and 
Samuel, 7 his father, abovenamed (see 
Register, vol. xiii. page 1*59). " Capt. 
Kingsbury's life," says the Amesbury 
Villager, has been one of adventure. 
At the age of eight years he was placed 
in charge of the late Capt. Reuben Os- 
good, of Salisbury, while running a 
vessel between Salisbury and the coast 
of Maine. From a cabin boy he ad- 
vanced from second and first mate of 
several ships, all the while studying 
thoroughly the system of navigation, 
and fitting himself in his younger years 
for the position he sought, that of cap- 
tain of a merchant vessel. He was 
finally placed in charge of a ship 
belonging to Caleb Gushing, and sailed 
out of Newburyport on several voyages 
to foreign parts, having seen service on 
the ocean for twenty- four years, in 
1846 he entered the West India goods 
trade at Salisburypoint, in company 
with the Lite Robert Fowler. The firm 
continued for several years, when Capt. 
Kingsbury purchased Fowler's interest 
and largely increased the business ; 
added coal supply, purchasing coal by 
the ship-load. He constructed coal 
sheds and was the pioneer in this 
branch of trade, and at one time was 
considered one of the wealthy men of 

the town and active in advancing its 
interests, but reverse of fortune fallowed 
to some extent, and he retired from 
active business life. "Capt. Kingsbury 
was the oldest member ox Powow River 
Lodge of Odd Fellows up to the.time of 
his death; he was also a member of 
Warren Lodge of Masons." 

He married Miss Nancy Pike Lowell, 
who died Sept. 3, 1888. He leaves two 
sons, Henry L. and Charles B. Kings- 
bury, and an adopted daughter, Annie, 
wife of the Rev. Otis O. Wright of 
Riverside, R. I. 

Mrs. Clarissa Towne died at her home 
on Nashua Street, Milford, N. H., on 
Sunday, Nov. 2, 1890, the anniversary 
of her marriage, aged 100 yrs. 8 mos. 
21 days. She was a daughter of Capt. 
John and Mrs. Sally (Grossman) Hoit 
of Concord, N. II., where she was born 
Feb. 12, 1790. On the 2d of November, 
1809, she was married to Jonathan 
Towne, of whom a sketch is printed in 
the Register, vol. xxix. page 326, They 
settled at Bow, N. H., where they lived 
happily till March, 1830, when they 
removed to Milford, taking possession 
of the old homestead where her hus- 
band was born ; and here they both 
resided till their deaths. They cele- 
brated both the fiftieth and the sixtieth 
anniversaries of their wedding. On 
the 12th of February last, the one 
hundredth anniversary of her birih, 
numerous relatives and friends met at 
her residence and testified their appre- 
ciation of her worth. It was a pleasant 
occasion to them and to her, she being 
in the full enjoyment of her health and 
faculties. "A woman of rare principle, 
of a strong oving nature, a devoted 
christian," says the Farmer's Cabinet, 
"her life has been an inspiration to- 
many in the years past, and her memory 
will be kept sacred by them in years to 
come. She leaves five children : Mr. Ezra 
Carter Towne, Mrs. Nancy Duncklee 
and Mrs. Clarissa Adams of Milford, 
Mrs. Caroline Nye of Keene, N. H., 
and Mr. John Parker Towne of Edger- 
ton, Wisconsin. The late William B. 
Towne, A.M., vice-president of the 
New-England Historic Genealogical 
Society and founder of the Towne 
Memorial Fund (see Rkgister, vol. 
xxxii. pages 9—29) was also her son. 
Eighteen srandchddren and eleven 
great-grandchildren survive her, who 
with other relatives and friends "huid 
as their most precious legacy, the mem- 
ory of her noble christian life, rounded 
out by works of usefulness and charity 
to ali mankind." 


J: ' 

y,s? A 




APKIL, 1891. 


The family of Weld dates back to 1352, William Weld, High 
Sheriff of London. The New-England branch came from Suffolk, 
the home of Governor Winthrop. 

In 1632 Captain Joseph Weld, with his brother, the Eeverend 
Thomas Weld, being "Puritans of the Puritans," came to New 
England for freedom ; not penniless adventurers, with nothing to lose 
and everything to gain, but leaving behind home, comfort, pros- 
perity and assured position, for conscience' sake. 

Captain Joseph Weld settled in Roxbury, Mass., and became a 
freeman in the colony, which made him a grant of several hundred 
acres, now West Roxbury Park. This was the family home for 
nearly two hundred years. 

Being well trained in arms, he was a valuable aid to Governor 
Winthrop in military affairs, and served in numerous fights with the 
Indians His death was a great loss to the colony, and is mentioned 
by Winthrop. Savage stated that he was the richest man in the 
colony, at the time of his death, and was one of the first donors to 
Harvard College, of which his brother Thomas was of the first Board 
of Overseers. 

William Fletcher Weld, the subject of this sketch, the sixth 
generation from Captain Joseph Weld aforesaid, was born in the old 
homestead, April 15th, 1300. His grandfather, Eleazer Weld, was 
a Judge, and also Colonel in the Revolutionary Wlrr, and Paymas- 
ter of Washington's army at Cambridge, in 1777 and 1778. 

His father, William Gordon Weld, was intended for the bar, but 
became a ship owner, sailed and loaded his own ship to foreign porta. 
It was he, who, while commanding his armed 6hip the "Jason" in 
1802, off Tunis, beat off an Algerine pirate vessel and recaptured 
two American brigs with their crews. In July, 1812, returning in 
the ship Mary, with a valuable cargo of wine and Spanish silver 
dollars from Spain, not knowing that war had been declared, he ran 

VOL. XLV. 12 

116 William Fletcher Weld. [April, 

into Boston harbor, right into the jaws of the British frigate Spartan, 
38 guns, was captured and his vessel, crew and cargo sent to Hali- 
fax, and condemned. But the commander, Brenton, being an old 
friend, allowed him to escape without imprisonment, but almost 
penniless, to his home. In 1798 he married Hannah Minot, daugh- 
ter of Jonas Clarke Minot, a well-known merchant of Boston. 

The family losses during the Revolution, and the death of Colonel 
Weld, necessitated the sale of the old homestead in Roxbury, in order 
to divide the property among his brothers and sisters. 

William Fletcher Weld was the eldest of eleven children, and 
only twelve years old at the time. At the age of fifteen he was 
obliged to forego Harvard College, for which he was intended, and 
went into the office of T. K. Jones & Co., largely engaged in foreign 
trade, and considered the leading importers of Boston. 

He became their head confidential clerk ; and at twenty-two years 
of age went into business for himself, which prospered well until he 
was induced to take a partner, who started a house in North Caro- 
lina, and by bad management wrecked the firm. 

Mr. Weld was obliged to spend a whole year at the South to settle 
the firm's obligations, and returning to Boston, "cast down but not 
destroyed," recommenced business as a commission merchant on 
Central Wharf. When able to do so, he sought out his old credi- 
tors, by whom he had been legally released, and paid them in full. 

In 1833 he built the ship "Senator" at Charlestown, the largest 
ship of that day ; and from that time forward, ship after ship was 
added to his fleet, until the firm of William F. Weld & Co. became 
the largest ship owners in America, and it might be truly said that 
"their sails whitened every sea." 

He- also became interested in the building of railroads in this 
country, and was a large stockholder and influential director in many 
of the Western railroads, as well as in those of N^w England. It was 
largely through his instrumentality that the Boston & Maine Railroad 
was built into Boston in 1844. He imported the rails for this road, 
and transacted the business so much to the satisfaction of Messrs. 
Thompson and Forman, the leading ironmasters of England, that 
they sent for him to visit them ; which resulted in his becoming 
their sole agent in America of all their rails. 

The able and liberal manner in which he negotiated these sales to 
the Western railroads, made it possible to buiid roads and open up 
new territory that otherwise might have remained unoccupied for 
years, and brought him in contact with all the principal men of the 
great West. 

He was a man of uncommon foresight, prudence, and sagacity. 
His investments were wisely made, and he owed his great success to 
his good judgment and steady belief in their future value, rarely 
selling, through all the various depressions and panics that have 
taken place from time to time in this country. 

1891.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 117 

Foreseeing the decline in the shipping interest in America, no 
more ships were built, and the fleet was gradually disposed of. 
Mr. Weld retired from business in 1861, and henceforward devoted 
his attention largely to real estate, purchasing and building stores 
and warehouses in Boston and New York, believing real estate in 
the large growing cities to be the only safe investment of property 
in this country for a long series of years. This policy he directed, 
in his will, should be carried out by his trustees. 

Mr. Weld was the oldest of eight brothers, none of whom died 
young, but the Hon. Francis M. Weld was the only one who sur- 
vived him. 

It was as a memorial of his brother, Hon. Stephen Minot Weld, 
one of the overseers of Harvard College, that he built and presented 
to that institution, Weld Hall. 

He gave a Home to the Children's Hospital in Philadelphia, where 
he died, December 12th, 1881, leaving a handsome sum to the Butler 
Hospital, and other charities. 

He was buried in Forest Hills Cemetery, close to the old home- 
stead where he was born, and where six generations of his ancestors 
had lived and died. 

His ample fortune was the result of his activity, industry and 
decision, united with a sagacity rarely equalled in the business life 
of any American merchant. 

In his religious belief he was Unitarian ; and he was Republican 
in his politics. 

He left a widow, two sons and two daughters, and four grand- 
• He became a member of this Society in June, 1870. 


Communicated by the Rev. Geokge M. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
■** [Concluded from page 81.] 

A General Keyibw of the Events of the War. 

The English were deceived by the apparent easy conquest of both 
the Wampanoags and Narragansets, and believed they had over- 
awed them and set their hostility at rest, and now might take their 
own time in crushing Philip and thus finishing the war. 

Plymouth Colony had been engaged from the first in seeking to 
conciliate the tribes, in their bounds, which were related to Philip. 
Through the efforts of Mr. Benjamin Church, a resident of Seconet, 

118 Soldiers in King Philip 's War. [April, 

who was acquainted on pleasant terms with nearly all the tribes in 
the colony, negotiations were held with Awashonks the squaw- 
sachem of the Seconet Indians and Weetamoo the squaw-sachem or 
"queen" of the Pocasset tribe. Awashonks and most of her people 
passed over into the Narraganset country at the opening of active 
hostilities, and thus avoided joining Philip ; but Weetamoo and her 
people were swept along with him in his retreat towards the Nipmuck 
country. Plymouth companies were abroad, too, scouting the 
country in the effort to protect their settlements, exposed, like Dart- 
mouth, Middleboro', &c. They also established a garrison at Mount 
Hope after Philip retreated to Pocasset, to prevent his return. The 
entrance of Philip into the Pocasset swamps compelled the coopera- 
tion of the hesitating Weetamoo, and afforded him a safe hiding:- 
place to recruit and prepare for his flight northward. 

In the meantime the Massachusetts authorities had begun negotia- 
tions with the various Nipmuck Indians. Seven of the principal 
towns had been visited and treaties made with each. On July 16th 
Ephraim Curtis returned to Boston and reported the Quabaugs 
gathered at a great Island in a swamp beyond Brookfield, and show- 
ing a defiant and hostile spirit. The Council immediately sent 
Capt. Edward Hutchinson, escorted by Capt. Thomas Wheeler and 
his mounted company, with Curtis as guide, to find the Indians and 
bring them to terms. The company, accompanied by some friendly 
Naticks, arrived at Brookfield on August 1st, and immediately sent 
Curtis with the guides to arrange for a meeting next day. The 
Quabaugs, whose leader was the famous Muttaump, agreed to come 
next day to a plain some three miles from Brookfield to meet the 
English. The next morning, the company, with three of the chief 
men of Brookfield, rode out to the appointed place, but found no In- 
dians. Urged by the Brookfield men, but against the earnest re- 
monstrance of the Naticks, they rode forward towards the place 
where Curtis met them the day before. But coming to a narrow de- 
file between a high rocky hill and an impenetrable swamp, and rid- 
ing single file, they found themselves caught in a great ambuscade 
of the Indians, who let them pass along until they were able to sur- 
round them, and then rose altogether and fired into their column at 
close range. They killed eight men outright and wounded five, in- 
cluding Capts. Hutchinson and Wheeler, the former mortally. The 
English were forced to retreat, fighting, up the hill ; and, under the 
skilful guiding of their Indian guides, were able to make a safe re- 
treat to Brookfield where they gathered the people and fortified a 
house just before the Indians came sweeping furiously down upon 
the village. Here they defended themselves against great numbers 
for several days, till Major Willard and Capt. Parker came with a 
company and reinforced the garrison, when the enemy retired. 

At Pocasset, Capt. Henchman continued building his fort, and 
Philip was making ready for his flight. The English seem not to 

1891.] Soldiers in King Philip's War, 119 

have contemplated the possibility of a general war, nor to have at 
all appreciated the gravity of the present situation in the colonies. 
Philip with all his fighting-men and the greater part of his own and 
Weetamoo's people, escaped across the river and passed through the 
open plain in Rehoboth, where they were discovered by some of the 
settlers. A scouting party from Taunton made the discovery that 
it was Philip's Indians who were thus escaping. The situation of 
affairs may be briefly stated. Capt. Henchman was guarding the 
swamp wherein Philip and his people were supposed to be securely 
trapped. Major Cud worth and Capt. Fuller were at Dartmouth 
with a company of one hundred and twelve men. Lieut. Nathaniel 
Thomas of Marshfield was at the Mount Hope garrison with twenty 
men. At Rehoboth a company of Mohegan Indians under Oneko, 
under convoy of Corporal Thomas Swift, arrived from Boston on 
the 30th on their way to Capt. Henchman at Pocasset. Upon the 
alarm, Rev. Mr. Newman, of Rehoboth, began to organize a com- 
pany of volunteers for the pursuit of the Indians. Lieut. Thomas, 
with a small detachment, happened to come to Rohoboth on the 30th, 
and hearing of the escape, hastened back to carry the news to Capt. 
Henchman, and urge his cooperation. Lieut. Thomas then, on the 
31st, took eleven men of his Mount Hope garrison, and being joined 
by Lieut. James Brown, of Swansy, with twelve men, marched in the 
pursuit. The Rehoboth men, with some volunteers from Providence 
and Taunton, led by the Mohegans, had started earlier upon the 
trail of the enemy. Lieut. Thomas and his party overtook the 
others at sunset, and after a brief council-of-war, sent out their 
scouts, Indian and English, to discover the movements of the fugi- 
tives. Having found that they had encamped for the night, and 
apparently not suspecting pursuit, the English left their horses with 
a guard, and, with the Mohegans in the van, marched silently for- 
ward to a field, at a place called " Nipsachick " (said to be within 
the present town of Burrillville, R. I. ) . The uight being very dark, 
they were forced to wait for light. At dawn they made their attack 
upon what proved to be Weetamoo's camp. The Indians were 
taken by surprise and fled, leaving everything behind them. But 
the Mohegans and English rushing forward found themselves con- 
fronted with Philip's fighting men entrenched behind trees and rocks 
ready for battle. Adopting the tactics of the enemy, the English and 
their allies engaged them fiercely until 9 o'clock, when still fighting 
desperately, but with powder nearly spent, the hostiles sullenly re- 
tired, leaving many of their dead upon the field. Some twenty- 
three of the enemy were killed, it is said, including a prominent chief, 
Woonashura, called by the English, Nimrod. Of the English, two 
were killed and one wounded. 

Near the close of the fight, Rev. Mr. Newman and a party came 
up, bringing supplies. Capt. Henchman arrived after the fight, 
having sailed to Providence and marched up thence, with sixty-eight 
vol. xlv. 12* 

120 Soldiers hi King Philip's War. [April, 

soldiers and eixteen friendly Indians. He immediately took com- 
mand, but concluded not to push the pursuit until next day. The 
Rehoboth and Providence men returned home, to bring up sup- 
plies for the further pursuit. They hastened back next day with all 
speed, but found to their great disappointment that Capt. Henchman 
had not moved until that same day, giving the enemy a full day's 
start ; and Lieut. Thomas and his party overtook him on the even- 
ing of August 3d, at a place called by them in the report, "Wapo- 
soshequash." The enemy were beyond pursuit, a part (Weetamoo's 
people, except the fighting-men) having turned off into the Narra- 
ganset country, while Philip and the rest passed into the great forests 
beyond Quabaug. The Mohegans went to their own country on 
August 4th, accompanied by Lieut. Brown and a small party, to 
Norwich, to secure provisions and news of the enemy. After await- 
ing the return of this party three days, Capt. Henchman on August 
7th, marched back to Mendon, meeting Capt. Mosely with a com- 
pany of dragoons coming up from Providence with supplies. Next 
day Capt. Henchman went up to Boston, and the Rehoboth men 
returned home. Capt. Mosely was left in command at Mendon. 
Capt. Henchman was relieved of command in the field and was sent 
to bring off his men remaining at Pocasset. Mendon had been at- 
tacked July 14th, by a party of Nipmucks, led by Matoonas, and six 
or more of the settlers were killed while at work in their fields. 

When the Indians returned from their siege of Brookfield, they 
met Philip and his people in the woods and told him of their exploit. 
He was greatly pleased, and gave some of the chiefs presents of 
wampum, and promised them fresh supplies of ammunition and 
arms. The Brookfield affair had the effect of brincrino; in the falter- 
ing tribes, and Philip's coming confirmed the plan to clear the Con- 
necticut Vallev of English settlers. Massachusetts Colon v raised 
several companies to protect the frontiers. Capt. Mosely w T ith his 
own and Capt. Henchman's men marched from Mendon, and Capts. 
Thomas Lathrop of Essex County with a fine company, and 
Richard Beers of Watertown with another, marched to Brookfield 
where their forces were joined by Capt. Watts of Connecticut with 
two companies of English and Indians. Major Willard took com- 
mand of this force, and broke it into several parties in order to better 
protect the several settlements. These companies were engaged in 
scouting the frontiers and guarding supplies sent up to the various 
garrisons. The Springfield Indians, hitherto pretending friendship, 
fled and joined the hostiles on the night of August 24 ; and the 
English, pursuing, had a sharp fight with them at a swamp near 
Mt. Wequomps, losing nine of their own men. The English troops 
were concentrated at Iladley under the general command of Major 
Pynchon. On Sept. 1st the Indians attacked Deerfield, burning 
most of the houses and killing one of the garrison soldiers, and with- 
drew. On the 2d they fell upon Northfield, where many of the 

1891.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 121 

people were abroad at work in the fields, and the women and 
children at the houses in the town. The assault was from all quar- 
ters at once, and many were killed in the fields and as they escaped 
from their houses to the garrison. The Indians burned most of 
their houses and drove away their cattle. On the 3d, Capt. Beers, 
with thirty mounted men and an ox-team, was sent to bring off the 
garrison of Northfield, not knowing of this attack. This force on 
the next day was ambushed at Saw-Mill T3ank, near Northfield, and 
Capt. Beers and some twenty of his men were killed. Next day 
Major Treat with a hundred men marched up to Northfield, finding 
and burying the dead of Capt. Beers's company, and then bringing 
off the garrison. It was now decided to strengthen the garrisons 
and act upon the defensive. Upon Sept. 18th Capt. Lathrop with 
his company was sent to convoy teams bringing loads of grain from 
Deerfield to Hadley. A strong ambuscade was made at a place 
known since as " Bloody Brook," and there the Indians encompassed 
and massacred nearly the whole company, some eighty, including 
the teamsters. Only eight or ten escaped. The number killed 
was between sixty and seventy. Capt. Mosely came hastily from 
Deerfield upon hearing the shots, and engaged the great company 
of several hundreds of Indians, charging in amongst them with 
intrepid fury which drove them headlong before him into the woods 
and swamps ; but, finding them gathering in immense numbers and 
seeking to surround him, he threw out his lines to prevent being- 
flanked, and began a cautious retreat ; when Major Treat coming 
upon the field, the Indians, seeing the reinforcements, fled. 

These terrible reverses threw a gloomy, superstitious fear over 
the colonies. The English troops, hitherto despising the Indians in 
war, now seemed helpless before them. On Sept. 26th the Indians 
assaulted Springfield, west of the river, burning the houses and 
barns. On October 5th, having made some demonstrations against 
Hadley, the soldiers were drawn from Springfield to strengthen the 
garrison, the Indians fell upon the latter village and destroyed it, 
before the companies could return to save it. After this blow, 
Major Pynchon begged the Court to appoint a commander of the 
forces on the river in his place, and Major Samuel Appleton was 
appointed, and by advice of the Council garrisoned the various towns 
not abandoned, and then withdrew the other troops to Boston. The 
Connecticut troops helped to garrison Northampton and Westfield, 
and the Indians withdrew to their winter camps. Philip had long 
since gone into winter quarters above Albany. 

But now the colonies determined to strike the Narragansets in 
their own country before they should be able to join the hostiles. 
A great muster was made in three colonies, and an army of one 
thousand men was raised and equipped, half of which was sent from 
Massachusetts. The Narragansets were entrenched in a very strong 
position in a great swamp in what is now South Kingstown, K. I. 

122 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

It was claimed that great numbers of Wampanoags and other hos- 
tiles were among them finding refuge, and they were defiant and 
threatening. The English forces under command of Gen. Winslow 
of Plymouth gathered at Wiekford, and on December 19th, 1675, 
marched some twenty miles through intense cold and a heavy -snow- 
storm, to the swamp ; the waters had been frozen by the severe cold, 
and this fact made it possible for the English to reach the rude 
fortifications. Without waiting for any organized attack, the Mas- 
sachusetts troops, being at the front in the march, rushed forward 
across the ice in an impetuous charge, and into the entrance, where 
the Indians had constructed rude flankers, and placed a strong 
block-house in front, so that the first to enter were met with a terri- 
ble enfilading fire from front and flanks, and were forced back for a 
time; but others coming on pressed into the breach, and, though 
suffering severe losses, at last stormed all the fortifications, drove 
the enemy from every line of entrenchments within the fort, and out 
into the woods and swamps beyond. They set fire to the wigwams 
and store-houses of the savages, in which were burned many of the 
aged, and women and children. Then taking their wounded, the 
English took up their march back through the deep snow to Wick- 
ford, where they arrived the next morning. 

The details of this fight, as well as the subsequent movements 
and recruiting of this winter campaign, are given at length in the 
body of the work, and are thus briefly passed here. The Narragan- 
sets kept well out of the way of the English army, and made many 
pretences of negotiating peace, but at last, about January 26th, hav- 
ing made several daring raids into the settlements, and captured 
numbers of cattle and horses, Canonchet with his strong rear-guard 
took up his line of retreat for the north, and two days afterwards 
the army, some twelve hundred strong, marched in pursuit. The 
Mohegans and Pequots, among the Connecticut forces, led the pur- 
suit, and had several sharp skirmishes with the enemy, always re- 
treating northward. This running fight was kept up for several 
days, until provisions having failed and no base of supplies possible, 
the General abandoned the pursuit and marched his troops to Marl- 
borough and thence to Boston. The men suffered severely in this 
march, from hunger, and it was known for several generations as 
the "hungry march." 

The Connecticut forces separated from the others on February 3d, 
and the main body of the army arrived in Boston on the 8th and 
were dismissed. A company under command of Capt. Wads worth 
was left at Marlborough to guard the frontiers and neighboring towns. 
Canonchet and his great and warlike Narraganset tribe, maddened 
by what they believed their wrongs, and thirsting for vengeance, 
were now joined with Philip and the other hostile tribes, and all 
within an easy day's call, except Philip and his band who still remained 
in their retreat beyond Albany. The time was critical for the 

1891.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 123 

settlements ; prompt action was necessary on the part of the Indian 
leaders, to keep their young men in courage and training. Upon 
February 10th the Indians in great force fell upon Lancaster, and 
nearly destroyed the town. They killed or took captive fifty of the 
people. Among the captives was Mrs. Rowlandson, wife of the 
minister. One garrison-house was saved by the arrival of Capt. 
Wads worth and his company from Marlborough. On February 
21st a strong body of the enemy surprised Medfield, although a 
large force of soldiers was then in the town. There were no guards 
set, nor other precautions taken. The soldiers were scattered about 
in the houses, and the Indians placed ambuscades in front of each 
house, and shot them down as they rushed out upon the alarm. 
The enemy were frightened away by the firing of a cannon, and crossed 
the river, burning the bridge behind them. Another army was now 
raised and sent out to the Connecticut Rivertowns, to protect them, 
and try to bring the enemy to battle. There were said to be two 
great fortified camps ; one near the " Wachusett Hill," and the other 
at Menameset, beyond Brookfield. The army was under command 
of Major Thomas Savage, and consisted of three foot companies and 
a troop of horse from Massachusetts. Connecticut sent several 
companies of English and friendly Indians. A number of Christian 
Indians from the Naticks went with Major Savage. The army marched 
to Menameset, March 2d-4th, to find the enemy gone. They 
pursued them to Miller's River, across which they escaped. It was 
thought that this great body of the enemy would now fall upon the 
western towns, so that the army marched thither, abandoning the 
design upon "Wachusett Hill" encampment. Major Savage dis- 
posed his forces to guard the towns. On March 14th an attack was 
made upon Northampton, but was repulsed with severe loss to the 
enemy. On the 24th they appeared at Hatfield, but finding it well 
garrisoned made no attack, though driving off some horses and 
cattle. The Indians began to prepare for planing fields along the 
river ; and Canonchet with a body of his men went back to their 
country to bring up seed-corn, of which large quantities were there 
stored. It is probable that a large company went towards Plymouth 
colony, a small party of whom destroyed the house and family of 
Mr. Clarke at Plymouth village. March 17th they burned Warwick. 
Plymouth Colony sent out a company of fifty under Capt. Michael 
Peirse of Marshfield, to protect its frontiers. A party of twenty 
friendly Indians under " Capt. Amos " was joined with Capt. Peirse. 
This company marched to Seekonk, and there had a sharp skirmish 
with the Indians on the evening of March 25th. Next day, suppos- 
ing they had beaten the Indians, they pursued them and were drawn 
into an ambush and surrounded near Patuxit River with great num- 
bers, so that they were obliged to fight to the death. The whole 
company, including the officers, were killed, together with eight out 
of the twenty Indians. The enemy, too, lost very heavily. March 

124 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

28th and 29th the Indians burned seventy houses and thirty barns 
at Providence. 

In the meantime in Massachusetts the enemy were not idle. 
Lurking parties hovered about Groton, plundering the vacated 
houses, and driving away any stray cattle within safe reach. On 
March loth they fell upon the town in force. The people were 
gathered in five garrison-houses. One of the garrison-houses was 
captured, but the people mostly escaped to another. The other 
garrison-houses were stoutly defended. The Indians burned the 
unfortified houses and withdrew. On March 26th, the fatal day of 
Capt. Peirse's destruction, they burned sixteen houses and thirteen 
barns at Marlborough. Capt. Brocklebank, then in command at 
Marlborough, sent out a party in pursuit, who overtook and sur- 
prised the enemy at night sleeping about their fires, fired into their 
midst and put them to flight. On the same day, at Longmeadow, 
a party going to Springfield to church was ambushed by a small 
company of Indians, and several were captured and killed. 

Finding the campaign to have failed in its main object, the Coun- 
cil ordered Major Savage to withdraw his troops, leaving Capt. 
Wm. Turner, with a hundred and fifty men, to garrison the towns. 
April 7th the army marched homeward. 

But now the Connecticut authorities, fearing a return of the Nar- 
ragansets to their vicinity, in numbers such as overwhelmed Capt. 
Peirse, mustered a mixed company of English and Indians, and sent 
them into the Narraganset country under command of Capts. Deni- 
son and Avery. These, guided by a captive whom they had taken, 
surprised and captured Canon chet not far from the Patuxit river, 
where he was encamped with a few of his men, while the great body 
were scattered, scouting and foraging. He was soon after executed 
by Oneko, by the judgment of the English authorities. The death 
of Canonchet was really the death-blow of the war, for he was the 
real leader of all active operations at this time. Philip was still the 
chief instigator, however, and now more than before, became, for 
the time, the controlling mind of a larger number than ever before. 
There were dissensions, however, and many of the chiefs began to 
murmur and some to threaten against him as the cause of all their 
troubles. Some of the river tribes began to show signs of weaken- 
ing, and proposed negotiations with the English. Philip withdrew 
to the strong-hold near TVachuset with such as adhered to him, and 
with Quinnapin, and such of the Narragansets as followed him. 
The Indians were still active, and watched every chance to strike a 
blow. They came to Marlborough on April 18th and burned the 
abandoned houses of the settlers. Capt. Brocklebank commanded 
the garrison there and refused to be drawn out into the ambuscades, 
which, before the burning, the Indians had set. On April 20th they 
crept down and encompassed the town of Sudbury. On that day 
Capt. Wadsworth marched up from Boston with a company of fifty 

1891.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 125 

men, passed through Sudbury, and doubtless the lines of the enemy, 
without any knowledge of their vicinity. He was forcing his march 
to relieve the garrison at Marlborough, where they arrived about 
midnight on the 20th, and without delay leaving their recruits, took 
those relieved to come home, including Capt. Brocklebank, and 
came back towards Sudbury. The great numbers of Indians had 
encompassed the town, and in the morning of the 21st began to 
burn outlying houses, to draw out the inhabitants from the garrison. 
They soon made a furious and persistent attack on Haines's garrison 
from morning till mid-day, but were beaten off, until rumor3 of rein- 
forcements from various quarters caused them to withdraw to meet 
these. Edward Cowell and eighteen troopers coming to the relief 
of Sudbury were attacked, but escaped with only four killed, they 
turning back suspecting the ambush laid for them. Capt. Wads- 
worth soon after arrived by another road, and meeting with an out- 
post of the enemy rushed forward to engage them, and, as usual, 
they soon found themselves surrounded by great numbers, and 
were forced to a position on a hill, where most of the company fell 
fighting, including Capts. Wadsworth, Brocklebank and Lieut. 
Sharpe. Some sixteen of the company managed to escape to a 
mill, and there defended themselves until relieved. A company 
from Watertown arrived soon after Capt. Wadsworth, and crossing 
the river, made a brave attempt to get to the hill to join him in his 
desperate fight, but were nearly surrounded themselves and forced 
to retire. Capt. Hunting with a company of Christian Indians and 
a squad of troopers arrived from Charlestown late in the afternoon, 
in time to rescue the men at the mill. After this fight, in which 
they struck such a terrible blow, and so close to Boston, too, they 
seem to have retired to their several camps, and soon to have 
gathered to their great fishing-places in order to take the , 
run of fish. Capt. Turner was still in command of the garrisons at 
the west. From captives who had. escaped, and scouts here and 
there, came rumors of a great company of Indians fishing at the 
"Upper Falls" of the Connecticut. Capt. Turner and his officers 
were anxious to strike a blow against the enemy, and Connecticut 
authorities were applied to, and promised speedy reinforcements. 
On May 12th the Indians made a raid into Deerfield meadows and 
stampeded some seventy head of cattle belonging to the English. 
Roused by this fresh outrage, the people urged retaliation, and 
Capt. Turner and his officers determined to attack the Indians at 
their great fishing place at once. On May 18th the whole company 
of soldiers and volunteers, about one hundred and fifty, mustered 
at Hatfield, and marched out at evening towards the "Falls." They 
eluded the outposts of the enemy, and at daylight arrived undis- 
covered at the camp of the Indians at the fishing-place. The sav- 
ages were asleep in their wigwams, and the English rushed down 
upon them and shot them by scores, pointing their muskets in 

126 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

through the wigwam doors. No resistance was possible, and those 
who escaped the first fire fled in terror to the river, pursued by the 
soldiers and were cut down or driven into the water without mercy ; 
many were drowned attempting to cross the river. 

But it was soon found that there were several other great bodies 
of the Indians, above and below the Falls on both sides of the river, 
and these began to swarm towards the fight. Capt. Turner now 
prudently began a retreat, having struck his blow. As the soldiers 
retired the enemy gathered in great numbers upon rear and flanks, 
seeking to force the English into narrow defiles. Capt. Holyoke 
commanded the rear-guard, and checked the enemy by stout fight- 
ing, but for which, it is likely, the whole command would have been 
lost. Capt. Turner led the advance, and while crossing Green 
River was shot down by Indians lying in wait. Capt. Holyoke 
then led the company back to Hatfield, fighting nearly the whole 
way. There the killed and missing numbered forty-five. A few 
came in afterwards, reducing the number of the lost to about forty. 
It is estimated that some two hundred Indians must have been de- 

The blow struck by Capt. Turner greatly intimidated the enemy, 
though the retreat was so disastrous to the English. The tribes 
became divided and demoralized. They seem to have broken up 
into small wandering parties. Philip with large numbers of his 
adherents went down towards Plymouth. Massachusetts sent troops 
to the western frontiers again, and also to aid Plymouth. The 
operations in the field were mostly the pursuit of non-combatants, the 
aged, and women and children. Large numbers of the Wampa- 
noags and Narraganseta had now returned with Philip to their own 
country. Small parties from time to time plundered and killed as 
opportunity offered. The colonists were roused to new activity at the 
evident weakening 1 of the Indians. Aid was sent to Plvmouth, under 
Capts. Brattle and Mosely, and Capt. Henchman did good service 
in the parts about Brookfield. Major Talcott, with a mixed force of 
English and Indians, about five hundred in all, came up the river 
and marched into Hadley about the 11th of June, and was quartered 
there on the 12th, when the Western Indians, some seven hundred 
strong, made their last great assault in force in these parts. The 
town was quite strongly garrisoned besides this reinforcement, of 
which probably the enemy knew nothing. The attack was alto- 
gether unexpected and was furious and determined, but the repulse 
was decided and sanguinary. Major Talcott then led his force down 
into the Narraganset country, where, about the 2d of July, he 
encountered a great body of Indians, and driving them into the 
woods and swamps slew great numbers, and took many captives. 
The plight of the savages was pitiful ; without ammunition, without 
leadership, without country or hope of any sort, they found no 
mercy now at the hands of their olden foes, the Mohegans and Pe- 
quots, nor yet the English. 

1891.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 127 

The remaining operations of the war in these parts were simply 
the hunting down of almost defenceless enemies. The colonial 
authorities issued a proclamation, calling all those Indians who had 
been engaged in the war to come in and surrender, submitting 
themselves to the judgment of the English courts. Many parties 
sought to take advantage of this, but were captured upon their 
approach by scouting parties, and treated as captives. Some of 
those who had been prominent in the war and could not hope for 
mercy, escaped to the eastward and put themselves under the pro- 
tection of Wannalancet and his Pennacooks, who had remained 
neutral. Some fled further to the east, and there incited war. 

The constant success which the Connecticut troops had always 
had after their use of the Mohegans and Pequots, was a plain rebuke 
to the Massachusetts colonists for the numerous disasters from which 
the Christian Indians might have saved them, if they had trusted 
and employed them. As soon as Capt. Hunting and his Indian 
company were put in the field, this appeared. The Indians in small 
parties skulking in woods and swamps might have eluded English 
soldiers for years, but as soon as other Indians were employed, 
escape was impossible. 

At the close of July, many of Philip's followers had been taken, 
and his wife and several of his chief men were captives or had been 
killed. With a small band of his followers he was hiding in the 
swamps at Mounthope and Pocasset. English scouting parties 
were active in all parts of the colonies hunting down the trembling 
and unresisting fugitives ; and especially Philip. Benjamin Church 
was among the most active in hunting and bringing in the Indians, 
and when one of Philip's men came to betray his chief, he found 
Mr. Church at Major Sanford's in Rhode Island with his scouting 
party of English and Indians a short distance away. Upon the 
news of Philip's hiding-place and the offer of the Indian to lead 
thither, Mr. Church gathered as many as he could enlist in addition 
to his party, and, under the lead of the Indian deserter (who acted, 
it is said, from motives of revenge for his brother's death, by Philip's 
hand, because he advised him to make peace with the English), the 
party marched w r ith great secrecy to Mounthope. Mr. Church 
arranged his attack with skill, and came upon Philip's party un- 
guarded and asleep, and Philip springing up and attempting to 
escape to the swamp near by, was confronted with two of Mr. 
Church's guards, an Englishman and an Indian. The Englishman's 
gun missed fire, but the Indian, named " Alderman," immediately 
fired and shot the great chief through the breast, so that he fell for- 
ward into the water of the swamp, upon his face, dead. Philip was 
killed August 12th, 1676. Weetamoo's party, the sad remnant of 
her tribe, had been captured on the 7th, and she, trying to escape 
across a river, was drowned, and, her body being found, her head 
was cut off and paraded in the public streets. In the body of the 

VOL. XLT. 13 

128 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

papers, by a strange continuance of an old mistake, this fact ie 
accredited to Awashonks, squaw sachem of the Sogkonates. 

After Philip's death, his chief counsellor Annawou led the rest of 
the party out of the swamp and escaped. With his party he soon 
after surrendered to Mr, Church. The death of Philip was practi- 
cally the close of the war, though hostilities continued for some time 
longer, and at the eastward for a year or more longer. At Dover 
Major Richard Walderne had held command of the military interests 
and operations in those parts. He was a trusted friend of Wanna- 
lancet and the neighboring Indians. Under the proclamation the 
old chief and his people came in without fear, as they had taken no 
part whatever in the war. There were many Indians with them, 
however, it was suspected, who had been among the hostiles and 
now wished to come in with the Pennacooks and secure the advan- 
tages of their influence in giving themselves up. They began to 
come in at Dover about the first of September, and when, on the 
6th, the companies, sent to the eastward under Capt. Hathorn, 
arrived at Dover, there were some four hundred there, including the 
Pennacooks. In some >vay the immediate surrender of all these 
was received, probably by Major Walderne's great influence with 
them. They were then disarmed, and as the Massachusetts officers 
insisted upon treating all as prisoners of war, Major Walderne 
was obliged to send all, save Wannalancet and his "relations," down 
to Boston to be tried there by the Court. The number sent was 
about two hundred. 

Some of the Southern Indians, having lost all except their own 
lives, passed to the Eastern tribes and were active in exciting to 
hostility. The local Indians had been hostile the previous year, 
committing depredations from the Kennebec to Portsmouth. In the 
summer of 1676, it is thought that many who had been among the 
Indians in the war, came to these tribes and caused much of the 
trouble which ensued. The day before Philip's death the Indians 
fell upon the settlers at Falmouth, and killed or carried away some 
thirty-four persons and burned their houses. Further eastward also 
the settlements were attacked. It was upon these occasions that 
Capt. Hathorn 's force was sent to these parts. They marched on 
from Dover on September 8th, as far as Falmouth, Capt. Hunting's 
Indians scouting the woods. This expedition was not of much 
avail, as the Indians easily eluded the troops, being only war parties 
without the encumbrance of women and children. 

But the scope of this review of events did not contemplate the 
detailed account of affairs which have already been related in the 
body of the work, but to give a consecutive account for the con- 
venience of readers. 

1891.] Letters of ' CoL Thomas Westbroo/c and others. 129 



Communicated by William Blake Teask, A.M., of Dorchester, Mass. 

[Continued from page 35.] 

S r York, y e 8 th of April, 1724. 

The reason I sent not the men you order'd To Serg* Brown, all 
were in the Woods till yesterday. Since I saw your Order I had none but 
sick and Creeped. I now send Corp 11 Aver'll with Six men as p r your 
Order. My men are allmost off their Leggs, many Sick att this Time. I 
hope to See your Honour this Way in a short time. I shall do all I can 
with what Men I have able to Send. I heartyly Which [wish] your Hon ri 
Well fair. With the Enclosed you'ave this, Which is All. From your 
Humble Servant att Command, Johnson Harmon. 

A True Coppie. 

P. S. I have discovered Nothing Worth Mentioning. J. H. 

Mass. Arch. 51: 397. 

May It Please your Hon r Kennebunk, April 11, 1724. 

I rec d your Lett 1-3 and Orders y e 9 th Currant, By Ensign Pyke, 
which were dated on the First & Second of This Instant. I have Enlisted 
some men, and wait A Few days for the answer of Sundry more. I have 
sent Orders To Cpt Harmon, To Enlist Some, he being where the Boddy 
of The Inhabitance live. If these measures do not do, in A Few days I 
shall Send Coll. Wheelwright his Orders. I shall make the best of my 
way To York & Berwick tomorrow If The Weather will permitt. I have 
Guarded y e People of This Place This Week with a Small number of 
men to Gett Down their Lumber. The Indians were Like to Catch A 
Man at Wells y e 9 th Currant. The Inclosed is a Coppy of Cpt. Harmans 
Lett r , Which gives the State of His Company, Which I Fear will in Some 
Measure defeat your Hon" Projections att present. 

I am Your Hon" Dutiful And Hum ble Ser 1 

Tho 8 Westbrook. 

P. S. May It Please your Hon r Paper is Very Scarce With Me. 
Superscribed : 

On his Maj ties Service. 
To The Hon ble William Dummer Esq r 

Leui 1 Gov r and Comander in Chief &c. in Boston. 
Mass. Arch. 51 : 393. 

May it Please y r Hon r . Yorke, April 13 th 1724. 

Since mine of y a 11 th lust. I am come to this place. Capt Har- 
mon is Endeavouring to Enlist men, so wee shall see w l men will Enlist in 
a few days. Capt Harmon has 12 men sick and sundry of Cap 1 Moultons, 
there is two more dead then I gave an Ace' of; being in great hast I must 

130 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [April, 

beg y r Hod" pardon, I cannot be more p'ticular, the Sloop being uuder 
Sail. I am your Hon" dutifull humb 1 Serv'. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 398. • Tho s Westbrook. 

May it please your Hon r Yorke, April 16 th 1724. 

The bearer hereof, Samuel Choak, is troubled with Convulsion 
fitts, & therefore uncapable of Service. I have p'mitted him to wait on 
y r Honour; he was dismist the Service on this Account in Coll Waltons 
time & now has taken Six Pounds of one Kembal, of Bradford, & came 
in his room. I am y r Hon" dutiful Humb le Serv* 

Tho s Westbrook. 
Superscribed : 

On his Maj ties Service 
To the Hon bl William Dummer p]sq r 

Leiut Gov r & Commander in Cheif &c. at Boston. 
Mass. Arch. 51: 399. 

May it please your Hon r . Yorke, April 16 th 1724. 

My last, of the 12 th Currant, gave an Ace' of my being at this 
place & the measures wee were takeing; the people are not steady in what 
they pretend, one day they say they will Enlist, another they don't know, 
and want promises how far they must march out of Town ; finding them of so 
many minds, I have sent Coll Wheelwright your orders to Impress fifty 
men, w ch are wanting to Compleat the Comp ys & to make up Thirty more, 
notwithstanding wee have Enlisted sundry. Your Bon? will see what is 
wanting by the Inclos'd List* Cap tn Harmon, as he Informs me, he has 
not had time to make up his Accounts with the Treasurer this long time; 
he desires to wait on your Honour to ask leave, which I have Consented 
to, it being such a time that there is no marching far into the Country, the 
Swamps & Rivers being so full of Water, of which he will be able to give 
a more p'ticular account, and also of the State of the Army and the present 
Affaires. I am y r Hon" dutifull humb 1 Servant, 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 400. Tho 9 Westbrook. 

May it please your Hon r . 

Leui 1 John Lane has been so Imprudent to suffer his men to Kill 
sundry Creatures belonging to the People of the County of York. As 
soon [as] I heard of it I sent for and Examin'd him before Cap 1 Moulton & 
Capt n Harmon ; he did not deny the fact, but own'd it and made satisfaction 
to the people [who] rece'd the damage, and promises to amend for the 
future. I inform'd him I must acq 1 your Hon r of him, and if he desir'd it 
I would give him liberty to wait on y r Hon r and so more p'ticularly informe. 
I am heartily sorry for his Imprudence. 

York April 21 st 1724. I am your Hon" dutifull Serv*. 

Tho" Westbrook. 

P. S. I gave Franklyn a written order not to let Anderson go ashore 
till he had known y r Hon" pleasure concerning him, notwithstanding he 

* I mean your Honour will see by the Inclos'd list and the Acc tB 1 sent in my Letters 
Dated the l*t & nth Currant, I Cannot send Cap' Moulton to Richmond till Cap™ Bourn 
comes to receive the men and arras — [T. W.] 

1891.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. 131 

took him ashore at Casco, where he made his Escape from him. Ens 11 
Wright found him at Piscataqua, had him before Justice Penhallow, who 
Committed him to Portsm Goal; the keeper gave him the liberty of the 
Yard to walk in, w ch gave him an Oppertunity to make his Escape and w ch 
he never gave y e authority notice of till Six days after. 
Superscribed : 

Lett r from Coll. Westbrook. April 16, 1724 * 
To the Honb 1 William Dummer Esq r 

Leiiv 4 Gov r & Comander in Cheif &c. at Boston. 
Mass. Arch. 51 : 401. 

S r . Black poynte, Apr 11 y e 19 th , 1724. 

This is to Inform you, that the Indians yestarday kil'd m r Mich ell, 
of Spurwink, and tooke Captive two of his oldist sons, and this morning we 
hard fourtean or fiftean guns up at winicks neck, up black poynte Reaver. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 406. Nathan Knight. 

May it please your Hon r . York, April 21 st 1724. 

I receiv'd the Inclos'd at one a Clock afternoon, I have received 
but Twenty Two of the Fifty men Coll Wheelwright was to Impress. I 
design to get out a Scout on Saco and Amuscoggin as soon as possible. I 
wrote by Cap 1 Harmon, w ch will Inform your Hon r there is sundry scattering 
garrisons which I expect will be surprised if not call'd in by the Coll of 
the Regiment. The people generally preach up peace to themselves if the 
Indians do not knock some in the head in Six or Seven days. 
I am your Hon" dutiful humble Serv* 

Tho s Westbrook. 
P. S. I mean what is wrote by Cap tn Harmon will give a more p'ticular 
Ace* relateing to Collo 1 Wheelwrights impressing men. The 10 th Ins* ab* 
sun sett, I went to Piscataqua & arriv'd here again on Monday following. 

A Sloop man that lately arriv'd here, brings news that a gentleman in 
Marble head had receiv'd a letter from a gentleman in Boston that the 
Maquais had offered to bind themselves and Estates over as a security that 
they would keep y e Indians off us, which very much Lulls our people in 

Superscribed : 

Letter from Coll. Westbrook. April 21, 1724. 
On his Maj ties Especial Service 
To the Hon ble William Dummer Esq r 

Leui* Gov 1 & Commander in Cheif &c. at Boston. With Speed. 
Mass. Arch. 51 : 406. 

May it please your Hon r 

This morning, about Eight a Clock, I ree'd the Inclos'd w ch gives 
the Ace* of three mens being kill'd at Kennebunk, they were trackt on the 
back of this Town the 23 d Ins 1 & two seen at Cape Nettick the same 
day; Leiu' Jn° Harmon marcht with thirty one men the 23 d Ins 1 to Ber- 
wick, & from thence to march through the woods to Ossibye River, and 
then to fall down Saco River to the most likely places of the Indians passing 

* It will be noticed that the date on the endorsement is different from that on the letter. 
VOL. XLV. 13* 

132 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. [April, 

and repassing, there to Spend a months time before he returns. His men 
not being able to Carry Provision enough to last them y e Scout, I have or- 
dered him about Sixteen days hence to meet a Scout of men at Saco Sam- 
mon falls, by w ch I intend to send him Provision Enough to Enable him to 
tarry out the time. Cap ta Moulton, with part of his Comp y , march t to 
Joy n the remainder at Richmond, and Immediately to proceed up Kenne- 
beck river, there lie in Ambuscade for the same term of time. Cap tn 
Harmons Comp y is likewise on their march to Royals river, and from thence 
to proceed to Amuscoggin River, where they are to tarry dureing the Same 
term of time. I propos'd to some of the Commission officers of the Militia, 
that when our Scouts are lodg'd, that they rally together the Inhabitants, 
& that with the remainder of the Soldiers & part of them they range the 
woods on the backs of the Towns, In hopes to find them out or else drive 
them [to] our fronts, but I have rec'd no Answ r from them. 
I am your Hon" dutifull Humble Servant 

York, April 2G ,h , 17*24. [Thomas Westbrook.] 

P. S. Those Scouts & that I propose to send to Saco Falls, with pro- 
vision, are all the men I can find Capable to march into the Country, there 
being many Sick and weak among us. 

Superscribed : 

To the Honb 1 W m Dummer Esq r Bern* Gov r &c. 
Letter from Coll. Westbrook. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 407. 

Richmond, April 27 th 1724. 


S r , Yours pr. Ensigne Clark I had the Honour of Receiving. 
The large house for the accomodation of the Mohawks is up & finished, 
Except the Chimneys, for which y e brick are making & will be Ready in 
few Days. In case the mohawks come Down I Believe they will expect 
Such things as they shall want will be Lodg d here, I Desire therefore that 
such Necessarys as your Honour shall think it proper to Supply them 
with, may be Sent, with instructions for my Gouerment in Disposing there- 
of, as we as the provission & ammunition I am to Deliver them from time 
to Time. I have lately buryed three of my men w T ho Dyed suddenly with 
a pluretick Fever. 

Collo 1 Westbrook order' 1 me to Dismiss 16 men of my Company & sent 
me but 14 of the Recruits, he also Detein d an other of my men (viz. Eben- 
ezer Nutting) as an Armorur at Falmouth, & I understand the Recruits 
are all Dispos'd of, nevertheless I Don't mention this by way of complaint 
against the Colo 1 iu the least, but only to Discharge my Duty in acquainting 
your Honour with y e State of this Garrison. 

The Season to Expect the Enemy is now come, & they are gathering 
together. And in order to be Enabled to Entercept some of them And 
also Trot out a party of y e Ablest to march with y e mohawks (if they come, 
& your Honour thinks it proper) I should be very Glad to be made up a 
full Company, But Humbly Submit. 

And with Dutifull Respect 

I am Your Honour most Humble Obedient Servant, 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 408. Joseph Heath. 

1891.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. 133 

Hon d Sir, 

There is a house Lately made defenceable near y e head of 
York river, built by M r Robert Cutt and some few Inhabitants reside 
there, the keeping of which house will be a very great Annoyance to y e 
Enemy, and will be a great Security to the greatest part of Kittery and all 
the Inhabitants on the south side of York river, it being the place where 
the Indians frequently come in with their Scouts. You being at y e head 
of the forces, doubt not but it is in your power, therefore our humb 1 request 
is, that Six or Eight Soldiers be posted there for the reasons above said. 
Wee are Sir y r Humb 1 Servt 9 

W m Peperell 
May it please your Honour The house 
that the Gentlemen Sett forth lies about 
a mile and quarter from Major Frosts 
garrison, so that the pooting some Sol- 
diers there, that they might have a Com- 
munication one with another, would be 
very much for the security of all the 
lower part of Kittery and the people on 
the South side of York river, and to the 
people in getting there Hay out of the 
marshes. It being so great a Service to 
so many people I have presum'd to lodge 
five or six Ineffective men that were not 
fitt to march, till your Hon rs pleasure be 
known in that Affair. 
I am y r Hon rs dutif ull Humble Servant, 
Tno 3 Westbrook. 
York, April 28^ 1724. 
A true Coppy. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 409. 

Jos : Hammond 
John Lei.2Uton 
Nicho 8 Shapley 
Rich* Gowel 
Jn° Tompson 
Stephen Tobby 
Elihu Jimmison 
Rich d Cutt 
W m Peperil Jun r 
Nich° Morril 
Geo : Jackson 
W m Fern aid 
Roger Bearing 
Nicholas Weeks 
Tho 9 Jenkins 
Clement Bearing 
Eben r Moore 
Sam 11 Came 
Joseph Moulton 
Joseph Say ward 
Joseph Young 
Jon a Bean 

May 3 f , Please y r Hon r Georgetown, April 29 th 1724. 

I rec d y r Hon" Letters of March 20 th , one respecting Sam 11 Hop- 
kins, whom I Perciev'd had made a Compl* he was not discharged with y 8 
Other men, altho' he was intitled to a Bismissiou, it Can be no Little per- 
plexity to your Hon r to be troubled w a Such Matters. 

Your Hon r will find p' my List, I return'd him a man that was in y° 
Service above 2 years, & was therefore directed to be dismissed p' your 
Hon" order, but inasmuch as y e men did not Arrive here (to exchange 
others) 'till somtime in Feb r he took Occasion to write to your Honour by 
way of Comp lt ; he was one of the men I d[elivere]d into y e Marching 
Comp a under y e Comm d of L l Bourn, & was dismissed as soon as y e New 
Recruits arrived here, so y* I am no ways Culpable; but in Case he had 
not been dismissed it had not been my fault, that Matter being Committed 
to y e Col. Y"et altho' he was discharg'd he hired himself into y e Service 
in y ti Room of Another that was Released. 

P r your Hon" Other Letter am inform'd your Hon 1- has taken into Con- 
sideration the State of this Place, & Pursuant to your directions I have 
order'd the Inhabitants into Garrison. 

134 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh ayid others. [April, 

I Rejoyce your Hon r has a Reguard to Small Point, of w ch should Speak 
were I not a person Interested there, yet wou'd Crave Leave to Say, it's a 
Place of Importance, it being a Cover & Security to the fishery &c. it will 
be a Damage to y e Government Such a Place should be Slighted, Especially 
Considering there is so good a Garrison, w ch every body will Say is y e Best 
in y e Province, save Castle W m & More Easily defended with a few men. 

The Latter end of May will be above 6 Months since I made up my 
Roll; if your Hon r thinks tit I should come to Boston in May Sessions for 
that end, I would pray your Honours Liberty by the Next Sloop. 
I am y r Hon" Most Dutifull & Most Ob* Hum. Serv' 

John Penhallow. 

We have Nothing New Respecting the Indians, Except a Small Scout 
we fired at about our Garrisons about 8 Nights Past. 

To the Hon rble L 1 Gov r Dnmmer. 
Mass. Arch. 51: 410, 411. 

May it please your Hon r 

The Enclos'd is a Coppy of an Impertinent Letter from M r Peter 

Nowell, Representative of York, which I am almost asham'd to trouble your 

Honour with, neither should I have presum'd to have done it had it not 

seem'd to have reflected on your Honour, he asserting that your Honour 

promisM the men should be dismist in Convenient time to help to put their 

seed into the ground. His dailv declareino- he has brought a present dis- 
cs .< o or 

mission for the men has Created a great deal of uneasiness among the 
people. I have nothing material to Acquaint your Hon r with since mine 
of the 2G th . I am your Hon 1 " 9 dutiful humble Servant, 

To his Honour the Leiu* Gov r . Tno 9 Westbrook. 

York May l 9t 1724. 

[P. S.] I rec'd y r Hon" p' m T Nowell and shall observe your ord r * 
therein on their return, w ch will be in a Month or Six weeks. T. W. 
[To Leiu* Governor Dummer, &c] 
Mass. Arch. 51 : 412. 

Richmond, May 6 th 1724. 

S r I Take this Oppertunity to Tender Humble thanks for the 
Late Expression of your Honours Favour & Goodness towards me, And 
shall Endeavour, to the uttermost, to act worthy of y r Good Opinion. 

I have been in the woods Continually, Since I came from York, an ace* 
of which Collo 1 Westbrook saith he will send you to which please to be 

I have two Rolls to bring before your Honour. And the Souldiers Con- 
tained therein being in suffering circumstances for want of their pay, I 
intreat a permission to come & present them At this Session, If it be 
thought proper. 

I am your Honours Humbie Obedient Serv* 

Jeremiah Moulton.* 
To The Hon ble William Dummer Esq. 
Lieu* Goueruour and [&c] 
Mass. Arch. 51 : 415. 

* A scouting journal of Jeremiah Moulton, dated York, July 4, 1723, may be found in 
Mass. Archives, Vol. 38A, pp. 42, 43. It is a journal of his proceedings, after he left Coi. 

1891.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 135 

Georgetown, May 13 th 1724. 
May it Please your Honour 

Yesterday morning, about 9 of y e Clock, three of my men going 
within a Gun shot of y e Garrison (to drive up some Cows) were ambushed 
by about 50 or 60 Indians, whom we Judge fired upon the Enemy, who 
Immediatly discharged upon 'em about 20 Guns, & theu Ran directly upon 
our men. After that, they fired upon this Garrison somtime, while a 
Party of 'em were destroying the Cattle; they tarryed here three or 4 
hours before we discovered 10 Canoos going off, who Landed about a Mile 
distant from us upon this Island. I then Mustered of our Little Party 
what I Could Venture to draw out of y e Garrisons, w th the assistance of 
Cap* Tilton & five or 6 fishermen. I went out to bring off the dead men, 
Supposing they had been kill'd, & after we had Scouted an hour or two 
about a Mile Round upon this Point, We Return'd without finding them, 
so that we Judge they Carried 'em off alive. 

The Indians are Still about us; this morning, before Sun Rise, Several 
appeared Riming into the woods, who Skulked near y e Garrison Last night. 
I expect we shall have 'em about us till we have some Reliefe, our weak- 
ness being now discovered. The Men being Posted in the three Garrisons 
I Could not, at this Juncture, send off a Boat w th Intelligence without 
danger of having her Surprized, as well as Riming y e hazard of Loosing 
the three Garrisons, so that I have desired Cap 1 Tilton to be the bearer 
hereof as far as Falmouth,, otherways must have Run y e risque of Sending 
off a Boat. 

I hope we shall soon have a Recruit from the Col : as your Honour has 
inform'd me; in the mean time, shall be as diligent & Careful 1 as Possible. 

The names of y e men taken are, viz* Morgan Miles, Thomas Gillis, 
Corn* Pass. 

I am y r Hon M Most dutiful & Most Ob' Hum 1 Serv\ 

Mass. Arch. 51: 416, 417. John Penhallotv. 

May it please your Honour, 

According to my letter of the 26 th of April, w ch Informs that Leiu* 
Harim n marcht the 23 d and was not able to carry provision enough to stay out 
the time your Honour had ordered him, I ordered Sarj 1 Brown, with Twenty 
men, to meet him at Saco Sammon Falls, who mett Leiu* Harmon on his 
return, who was not able to stay by reason of so much bad weather and all 
the back of the Country so full of Water, Especially the Intervale land on 
the Rivers, where he was to way lay, they were oblig'd to march some 
miles together up to their Middles in water, and some of the men fell into 
holes, and had like to have been drown'd, as they Inform me. Brown, not- 
withstanding, is gone about twenty Miles up Saco River, there to stay a 
few days and way lay two Rafts where Leiu' Harmon had perceiv'd the 
Indians had come over the River. I doubt the Scouts on Amuscoggin and 

"Westbrook, on the oth of May of that year, to march with twenty-five men through the 
woods to Wells, and there to scout and guard the inhabitants of Wells, Berwick and York. 
" 14 th I went," he says, 4i with that part of my scout, I had with me, to Kittery, in order to 
Gard the Judges of our Superior Court to York ; the other part of my scout kept scouting 
on the back of bnrwick. On the 15 th : we Garded the Judges to York." "On y« 19th, 
Sabeth day, we scouted on the back of Wells, in hope to find sura of the Lurkin Enemy 
Lurking to take the people as they went to meeting, but we found none of them, although 
sora of them was discovered by the Inhabitance while we wair in the woods." Subse- 
quently, he was on a scout with Capt. Harmon. 

136 Letters of Gol. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [April, 

Kennebeck Rivers will meet with the same disappointments. I am sending 
Capt n Harmon (as soon as the Country Sloop comes down which I suppos'd 
would have been here ere this, had there not been so many Easterly winds) 
with what men I can make, down to the Islands to range there, these moon 
light nights, it being the time of the Indians gathering Eggs and Catching 
Sea Ducks as they sitt. The Officers are very desirous to go and make up 
their Rolls in a little time, therefore, desire y r Hon r to send directions 
thereabout. I am your Hon" dutifull Huinb 1 Serv fc 

York, May 16 th 1724. Tho' Westbrook. 

Mass. Arch. 51: 419. 

May it please your Hon r 
I came to this place about Ten a Clock forenoon, where I heard 
that there was a Packett gone along the day before, to acquaint your 
honour that the Indians had been at Arrowsick and kill'd or carried away 
three men. I'ts said, there was Fifty of them seen. I cannot say much 
about it, not haveing my Letters, they beiDg carried along also. I have 
dismist forty Two of the new rais'd men and shall dismiss the rest as soon 
as they return. 

The Indians are seen, frequently, all along our frontier from Arrowsick 
to Kingstown, where they kill'd or took four people on the 16 th Ins*. The 
Inclos'd is a Coppy of Sarf Browns Journal. 

I am your Honours dutifull humble Serv 1 
Arundal, May 20 th 1724. Tho 8 Westbrook. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 420. 

A Journal begun May 9 th 1724 by Allison Brown. 

Saturday. I rec'd orders from Coll Westbrook to march to Saco river; 
this day prov'd stormy. 

D° 10 th . Victual'd the men for nine days and march t to Saco Falls, where 
I rec'd the remainder of the men to Compleat Twenty men; stormy. 

D° 11 th . Marcht from this place (takeing M r Jn° Stagpole as Pilot, pur- 
suant to the Coll 09 orders) about six miles up the River, to Swan Pond 
Creek, where wee way layd and Ambusht the River. 

D° 12 th . This day marcht up the River to the Sammon Falls, where 
wee lodg'd and Ambusht the River ; stormy weather. 

D° 13 th . Marcht about five miles up the River, and return'd to our 
Camps ; the storm continued. 

D° 14 th . Marcht about Eight miles down the River, where wee lodg'd 
and way laid the River. 

D° 15 th . Wee continued to. march down the River, and in the Evening 
came to the lower falls. I went to the Inhabitants, to know if they would 
get down their Logs, but they said they could not, the River being so very 
high. Hearing an alarm down the River, wee Immediately marcht dowu 
the River to Leiu* Scammon's, to know the occasion, who Inform'd me that 
Cap ta Ward had discovered an Indian thereabout. 

D° 16 th . Marcht to Arundal. 

The River is so overflow'd, and the woods so full of water, that there 
was no going unless the men waded to their Middles, over many brooks 
w ch wee were oblig'd to pass over; some were so great that several men 
were oblig'd to Swim over and cutt trees on each side to meet, so that the 

1891.] Champdore in New England, 1608. 137 

rest might bring their provision over dry; the Swamps and Intervale land 
was so overflown that 'twas leg deep as wee marcht. 

Allison Brown. 
A true Coppy, 
Endorsed — p r Moses Markham Clk. 

Sarg* Browns Journal, May 9 th 1724. 
Mass. Arch. 38A, p. 66. 


I rec d your Letter, by Cpt. Cox, with your Projection respecting 
a Decoy for the Indians by Sending a Number of Soldiers in the Fishing 
vessels, W ch I approve of, & Direct you to man the said Fishing vessels 
accordingly, & send some Commission Officer with them. I hope Cpt. 
Bourne & his Indians will be with you in a few Days, & y* you'l Imploye 
them dilligently, according to my last instruction Concerning them, & that 
some notable Impressions will be made on the Enemy in the Eastern Parts 
as have of late been Westeward, Where our Forces have behaved them- 
selves with a Gallantry worthy all our Soldiers Imitation, And w ch by good 
Providence has been attended w^ answerable Success, in the Destruction 
of a great Number of the Enemy. Y rr humble Serv* 

Boston, Mav 21, 1724. W m Dummer. 

Mass. Arch. 51 : 424. 

[To be continued. 1 


By the Rev. B. F. De Costa, D.D., of New York City. 

Pieree Angibaut, called "Champdore," has hitherto been 
known simply as a pilot in the service of De Mont, and not as 
an actnal leader of an independent expedition. Nevertheless, in 
1608, Champlain's former associate brought o it a company of colo- 
nists to New France, and sailed down the Maine coast as far as 
Saco. This expedition has escaped treatment, for the reason that 
the statements concerning it have appeared confused, if not con- 
tradictory. It has been taken for granted, that the efforts of the 
French, after the desertion of Port Royal, in 1607, were suspended 
until 1610. This, however, will appear to be a mistake, aa 
Lescarbot, in his edition of 1609, gives an account of an expedition 
that evidently went out in 1608. It is true that, in the autumn of 
that year, the Jesuit father, Biard, went to Bordeaux for the purpose 
of joining an expedition which he understood was to have been 
fitted out by Poutrincourt, but upon his arrival he could learn 

* This article was written some fifteen years ago, on finding that Parkman had over- 
looked the expedition of 1608, which had also been overlooked by every author of whom 
the writer had any knowledge. Subsequently, Dr. Slafter, in editing the Prince Society's 
edition of Champlain's work, noted the fact that the voyage was made. It is time for 
Champdore to have due recognition. 

138 Champdore in New England, 1608. [April, 

nothing about it. Poutrincourt had indeed promised the King to 
undertake the work again that year, but he made no movement until 
1610. In the meanwhile, however, an expedition was sent by De 
Mont, who had secured a grant giving him the monopoly of the fur 
trade for one year. Biard probably knew nothing of this expedition, 
though he understood that a movement was in progress. Besides, 
the members of his Order were not wanted in the colony, and it was 
not until 1611 that Biard succeeded in getting out to Port Royal, 
notwithstanding the influence of the King and Queen was thrown 
in his favor.* Prom our general knowledge of the subject, it might 
be concluded that De Mont allowed the Jesuits to suppose that the 
expedition was to leave Bordeaux at the end of 1608, in order to be 
well rid of them, while at the time arranging to sail from St. Malo. 
The same year, under the same monopoly, De Mont sent Cham- 
plain with two vessels to Canada. It is possible that the expedition 
of Champdore was authorized in consideration of receiving a portion 
of the profits. 

But before speaking of the voyage, it will be necessary to state 
what is known concerning Pierre Angibout,- as in the future he must 
take rank with the worthies, who, amidst perils and privations, 
labored to achieve the conquest of the wilderness of New England. 

In Champlain's narrative, Champdore is traduced and denied his 
proper place, owing clearly to the jealousy excited by his merits. 
Champlain says that he was a good carpenter ; but he must have 
been something more, in order to hold his place as pilot and navigator 
for a period of three years, and to be entrusted with an independent 
expedition in the fourth. Champlain, perhaps, felt that his appoint- 
ment, after a long trial, to this responsible post, formed a sarcasm 
upon his attempts to cheapen Champdore's merits, and he does not 
allude either to his appointment or his voyage. Lescarbot, however, 
recognizes Champdore's services, also addressing a sonnet to him, 
as Pierre Aagtbaut dit (JJiamp-dore Qapitalne de Marine en la 
JSFouvelle France. f 

In describing the buildings at St. Croix, Lescarbot speaks of the 
abodes of "Sires d'Orville, Chaplain, Champdore, and other 
notable personages." Again, in speaking of those whom De Mont 
left behind at Port Royal to pass the winter of 1605-6, he mentions 
Monsieur Champlain and Monsieur Champdore, the one for 
geography and the other for the conducting and guiding the 
voyages. % 

The position of Champdore while attached to the colony was 
clearly defined ; and though at times the geographer was obliged to 
recognize the pilot's capacity, he nevertheless seeks every occasion 

* On this question, see Relations des Jesuites, Vol. I. p. 2-5: Shea's " Charlevoix," Vol. 
I. p. 260; and Parkman's "Pioneers," Chapters V. and VI.' The Huguenots fought the 
Jesuits to the last. 

t Les Muse.i de la Nouvclle France, p. 42. 

X Histoire de la NouvelU France, Ed. 1612, p. 476. Ibid. Ed. 1609. 

1891.] Champdore in jtfeto England, 1608. 139 

to detract from his merit, and to set down every disaster to his credit. 
At the instance of Poutrincourt, Champdore was on one occasion 
placed under arrest, having been charged with the wilful destruction 
of the shallop, which, in 1606, unfortunately struck upon the rocks 
at Port Royal, though they were glad to release him and secure the 
benefit of his skill.* 

Champlain vents his spleen in paragraphs like this : " We came 
near being wrecked on a rocky islet, on account of Champdore's 
usual obstinacy." 

Lescarbot was probably indebted to Champdore for portions of 
the material used in describing the voyages of 1604, '5 and '6, as he 
did not go in person further south than Grand Menan. On more 
than one occasion he refers to Champdore as an informant. 

The voyage of Champdore is mentioned in three editions of Les- 
carbot's Nouvelle France, though the edition of 1609 forms the 
real authority.! The succeeding editions omit that part of the 
narrrative found in chapter iv. of the edition of 1609, evidently to 
avoid going over the same subject twice. The portion omitted in 
the two succeeding editions is very interesting. 

Lescarbot says, first, that the colonists, returning to France in the 
autumn of 1607, brought samples of the products of the country, 
such as corn, wheat, rye and barley, and presented them to the 
King. Poutrincourt, as a special offering, presented some tame 
"Outards" or geese, which he had "taken from the shell." They 
pleased the King, and were at once domiciled in the beautiful ponds 
of Fontainbleu. The reports made appear to have encouraged his 
Majesty ; and Lescarbot is correct in saying that at this time, "upon 
a fair exhibition of the fruits of the said country s the King confirmed 
to Monsieur De Mont the privilege for the trade in beavers with the 
savages, "J and that this, in connection with the general encourage- 
ment which the prospect afforded, led to the attempt iu 1608. 
Lescarbot states that the King acted with direct re erence to the estab- 
lishment of colonies, and, writing in 1609, says : "By this occasion 
he [De Mont] sent thither in March last families to begin the Chris- 
tian and French Commonwealth there, which God grant to bless in 

♦ Champlain's "(Euvres," Ed. Quebec, Vol. I. pp. 84-85. 

t The Edition of 1612 (p. 459) mentions the voyage and the exploration of the St. John's 
River. In the heading of L. IV. C. xix. (p. 603) is the following: Voyage en la Nouvelle 
France, depuis le retour du dit Sieur Poutrincourt. In dropping the part of the narrative to 
which this refers, Lescarbot forgot to erase this reference to it. The edition of 1618 possesses 
the same features, though C. iv.' takes the place of C. xix. The first edition of Lescarbot's 
work was published in 1609. Editions followed in 1611, 1612 and 163 8. Le Long refers to 
an edition of 1617. See Biblioth'eque Historique, Vol. III. No. 39,654. A letter attributed 
to Lescarbot by M. Gabriel Marcel, of the geographical section of the Bibliotheque Ra- 
tionale, Paris, has been published by that writer, with notes. Paris, 1885. It was written 
at Port Royal, Aug. 22, 1606, and is of interest. Lescarbot was born about the year 
1565-70, aud died about 1630. 

J It is clear that the privilege, which was for one vear only, had no special application 
to the territory ceded to Poutrincourt. The Patent tb De Mont covered all of New France. 
See Patent in Champlain's (Euvres, Vol. I. p. 136. 

VOL. XLV. 14 

140 Champdore in JSFew England, 1608. |~ April, 

The statement that " families " were sent out is very significant, 
showing that the French saw distinctly the true policy to be pur- 
sued, and that they entertained the project of permanent homes. 
Of the experience of these "families" we, at present, have no 
particular knowledge. JNTevertheless a glimpse is given of the con- 
dition of Acadia after the terrible winter which had frozen the spirits 
of Popham's men, but which the French happily escaped. They 
found the grain which had been sown the previous year in a flour- 
ishing condition, and the faithful old savage, Membertou, with his 
dusky followers, ready to extend a cordial welcome. It is not clear, 
however, that Champdore and his colonists remained in New France 
during the winter of 1608-9. Perhaps the account of the severity 
of the previous winter dampened their ardor and hastened their re- 
turn, notwithstanding they had brought out what are called 

Lescarbot mentions Champdore's return, and says : 
" The said ship, being returned, we have had report by Monsieur de 
Champdore, and others, of the condition of the country we had left, and 
of the wonderful beauty of the corn that the said Monsieur de Poutrincourt 
had sown before his departure, together with the grains that have fallen in 
the gardens which have grown incredibly. Memberton gathered six or 
seven barrels of the corn that we had sown, and still had one left, which 
he reserved for the French whom he expected. When it was charged that 
he had eaten our pigeons which we had left there, he fell to weeping, and 
embracing him that told him, said it was the Macharoa, that is, the great 
birds called Eagles, which eat many of them while we were there. Besides 
all great and small inquired how we were, naming each by his own name, 
which is a proof of great love." 

On other points Lescarbot gives interesting information, and says 
that Champdore extended his observation as far as Saco, or 
" Chouakouet." He also visited the Saint Johns Eiver. He says : 

" Thi s river is one of the fairest that may be seen, having many islands 
and abounding in fish. This lost year, 1G08, the said Monsieur de Champ- 
dore, with one of the said De Mont's men, has been some fifty leagues up 
the said river, and testify that there is a great quantity of vines along the 
shore, though the grapes are not so large as in the country of Armou- 
chiquois. There are also onions and many other good herbs. As regards 
the trees, they are the finest to be seen. When we were there we saw a 
great number of cedar trees. In regard to the fish Champdore has told us, 
that, putting the kettle over the fire, they had taken fish enough for dinner 
before the water was hot. Besides, this river, stretching as it does far 
within the land of the savages, greatly shortens the long journeys." 

The modern tourist who ascends this stream will justify Champ- 
dore's praise. 

Champdore then descended the river, and sailed southward, visit- 
ing for the fourth time the wild coast of Maine. Lescarbot writes : 

"The said Champdore went as far as Chouakouet, the beginning of the 
Armcuchiquois land, where he reconcded that tribe with the Etechemins, 

1891.] Champdore in New England, 1608. 141 

which was not done without solemnity. For as he began to speak of it the 
captive, named Asticou, who is now in the place of Olmechin,* a grave man 
of goodly presence, howsoever savage he may be, demanded that some one 
of the Etechenims should be sent to him, and that he would treat with him. 
Oagimout, Sagamore of the St. Croix River, was selected for that purpose, 
though he would not trust them; but under the safe conduct of the French, 
he went thither. Some presents were made to Asticou, who, upon the 
speech of peace, began to exhort his people and to show them the reasons 
which should induce them to listen to it. Whereupon they agreed, making 
an assent to each article proposed to them. Some five yearsf ago Monsieur 
de Mont had also arranged a peace between those people, and declared 
unto them that he would be the enemy to the first one that should com- 
mence war, and would pursue him. But after his return into France they 
could not maintain the peace. And the Armouchiquois killed a Sourequois 
savage named Panoniac, who went to them in order to trade in merchan- 
dise, which he obtained at the store house of the said de Mont. The war 
above mentioned broke out on account of this murder, under the leadership 
of Sagamore Membertou; the said war was carried on in the same place 
now mentioned where Monsieur de Champdore treated the peace in this 
year. Monsieur Champlain is in another place, that is, in the great River 
of Canada, near the place where Captain Jaques Cartier wintered, where 
he has fortified himself." 

In closing, Lescarbot says : 

"As regards Monsieur de Poutrincourt, his desire is unchangeable to 
colonize and build up his Province, to bring thither his family, and all kinds 
of trades necessary for the existence of man ; which, with God's help, he 
will continue to do, throughout the present year, 1609 ;J and as long as he 
has health and strength, will prosecute the same, to live there under the 
King's obedience." 

It is perhaps due to Champdore, in the absence of the details of 
his life, that we should give the Sonnet which Lescarbot wrote in 
his praise ; especially as it forms an offset to the envious criticism of 
Champlain, who, as the geographer, found a rival in Champdore 
the navigator. Lescarbot, the witty lawyer, was evidently on the 
best of terms with the Pilot, and they doubtless enjoyed together good 
dinners and merry evenings in Acadia, when Lescarbot feasted 
royally, after the fashion of his brother of the Bar, Thomas Morton, 
of Merry Mount, wearing the Collar of the Order of the Bon Temps. 
In this Sonnet the Parisian Advocate bestows his praise with the 
liberality that marked Champlain's blame ; and the neglect of re- 
nowned characters of antiquity is somewhat explained by the devotion 
exploited to the overshadowing renown of Pierre Angibout. 

This appears to be an error. Asticou was a Penobscot chief, and appears to have suc- 
ceeded Bashaba. 

t He should have said three vears, as the peace referred to was made in 1606. It was a 
pour peace at the best. See Champlain, Vol. I. p. 93, and Lescarbot, Ed. 1612, p. 560. 
lor the names of various chiefs, see Champlain, Vol. I. p. 126. 

I See ante; this fixes the date of Champdore's voyage. 

142 Marriages in East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. [April, 


dit Champ-dore' Capitaine de Marine en la Nouvelle-France. 


I des pilotes vieux le renom dure encore, 

Pour avoir sceu voguer sur vne etroite mer, 
Si le monde a present daigne encore estimer 
Ariomene, avec Palinure & Pelore: 
C'est raison (Champ-dore) que notre age t'honore, 
Qui scais par ta vertu te faire renomtner, 
Quand ta dexterite empeche d'abimer 
La nef qui va souz loy du Ponant a 1'Aurore. 
Ceux-la du grand Neptune oncques la majeste. 
Ne virent, ni le fond du son puissant Empire : 
Mais dessus l'Ocean journellement porte 
Tu fais voir aux Fracois des pai's tout nouveaux, 
Afin que l'a vn iour maint peuple se retire 
Faisant les Hots gemir souz ses ailez vaisseaux. 

Fait en Port Royal en la Nouvelle France. 


From March 4, 1725, to August 3, 1803. 

By the Rev. John Angier (settled 1724, died April 14, 1787), and the Rev. Samuel 
Angier, his son and colleague (settled 1767, died Jan. 18, 1805). 

Commnnicated by the Rev. Hexry F. Jenks, A.M., of Canton, Mass., from the original 

manuscript in the possession of Miss Mary H. Rust, of I ast Bridgewater, 

great-great-grand daughter of the Rev. John .^ngier. 

[Continued from page 14.] 

June 30th 1746 — I marry'd Doctor Otis and Mebetabel Bass. 
Octob. 7th 1746 — I marry'd Joseph Keithjun'r. and Ann Turner. 
Octob. 10th 1746 — I marry'd Joseph Robinson and Abigail Keith. 
Novem. 26th 1746 — I marry'd Thomas Wade & Susanna Lathum. 
Nov'r 27th 1746 — I marry'd John Egerton and Abigail Snow. 
Jan'y. 5th 1746-7 — I marry'd Daniel Alden jun'r. and Jane Turner. 
Sept. 29th 1747 — I marry'd Abijah Edson and Susanna Snow. 
Octob. 7th 1747 — I marry'd Josiah Whitman and Elisabeth Smith. 
Novem. 3d 1747 — I marry'd Jonathan Whitman and Elisabeth Harvey. 
Decemb. 25th 1747 — I marry'd Thomas Phillips & ye widow Hannah 

Jany. 29th 1747 — I marry'd David Conant junr. & Rhoda Lathum. 
March 2d 1747-8 — I marry'd Anthony Pierce & the Widow Martha 

March 23d 1747-8 — I marry'd Job Burgess & Patience Thomas — Indians. 
Feb. 7th 1748-9 — I marry'd Stephen Leach and Sarah Hooper. 

1891.] Marriages in East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. 143 

April 27th 1749 — I marry'd Theophilus Byram and Elisabeth Beale. 
May 3d 1749 — I marry'd Henry Gary ami Martha Byram. 
May 11th 1749 — I marry'd James Edson and Esther Allen. 
Octob. 5th 1749 — I marry'd John Smith and Mary Hanmer. 
Novr. 28th 1749 — I marry'd Zebulun Cary and Lydia Phillips. 
Jany. 16th 1749-50 — I marry'd Nathan Alden and Mary Hudson. 
Mar. 16th 1749-50 — I marry'd Simeon Whitman and Martha Snow. 
April 3d 1750 — I marry'd Daniel Beale and Mehetabel Byram. 
April 9th 1750 — I marry'd Matthew Gannet & Martha Byram. 
August 22d 1750 — I marry'd Ignatius Loring and Bathsheba Bass. 
Nov. 5th 1750 — I marry'd William Holmes & Elisabeth Hamblin.*.-- 
Dec. 20th 1750 — I marry'd Benjamin Gannet and Mary Copeland. 
Feb. 14th 1750-51 — I marry'd Elijah Hay ward and Silence Snell. 
May 2d 1751 — I marry'd Samuel Bisbe of Pembrook, aud Martha Snell. 
Augst. 28th 1751 — I marry'd John Pratt of Pembrooke and Sarah Pierce. 
Septr. 19th 1751 — I marry'd John Wade and Hannah Kingman. 
Nov. 27th 1751 — I marry'd John Richards and Kezia Bailey. 
Deer. 18th 1751 — T marry'd Benjamin Harris and Sarah Snow. 
Deer. 19th 1751 — I marry'd William Barrel and Sarah Cary. 
Janry. 13th 1751-2 — I marry'd Ezra Warren and Mary P'hiilips. """" 
June 18th 1752 — I marry'd Peter Whitman and Susanna Keith. &-~""" 
June 30th 1752 — I marry'd Eleazar Hamblen and Lydia Bonne. 
August 5th 1752 — I marry'd David Kingman, junr. and Abigail Hall. 
Octobr. 26th 1752 N. S. — I marry'd James Keith and Sarah Holman. 1 "" 
Nov. 3d 1752 N. S. — I marry'd John Orcutt junr. and Jerusha Hanmer. 
Nov. 22d 1752 N. S. — I marry'd John Young and Eunice Bass. 
Dec. 28th 1752 N. S. — I marry'd John Howard jur. and Abigail Hudson. 
Jany. 10th 1753 — I marry'd Nathaniel Ramsdel and Mary Pratt. 
Octobr. 31st 1753 — I marry'd George Bradley and Susanna Pierce. 
Janry 15th 1754 — T marry'd Hezekiah Egerton and Mary Hegbone. 
Octobr. 2d 1754 — I marry'd David Keith aud Jemima Whitman. j*- 
Novembr. 7th 1754 — I marry'd Seth Gannet and Susanna Allen. 
Novembr. 26th 1754 — I marry'd Samuel Kingman and Deborah Loring. 
Novembr. 28th 1754 — I marry'd James Lovel and Dorcas Pratt. 
Jany 1st 1755 — I marry'd Samuel Dawes and Abigail Kingman. 
March 18th 1755 — I marry'd Sam'l Bowditch and Rebecca Byram, 

and also Jonathan Allen and Sarah Bass. 
June 19th 1755 — I marry'd Thomas Phillips, Jur. and Mary Hatch. 
Octobr. 30th 1755 — I marry'd Thomas Snell, Jur. and Bithiah Allen. 
Feby. 12th 1756 — I marry'd John Churchill of Plympton and Joanna Bisby. 
April 20th 1756 — I marry'd John Barrel and Judith Snow. 
August 19th 1756 — I marry'd William Allen and Katharine Demseh. 
Sept. 23d 1756 — I marry'd Benjamin Chamberiane of Pembroke aud 

Hannah Snell. 
Novr. 2Hd 1756 — I marry'd Samuel Billing of Stoughton & Reliance Hudson. 
Feby. 3d 1757 — I marry'd Benjamin Whitman & Mary Lathum. 
April 6th 1757 — I marry'd Benjamin Byram and Ann Ho! man. 
Novembr. 17th 1757 — I marry'd Richard Bartlett and Mary Robinson. 
Decembr. 15th 1757—1 marry'd Judah Wood of Halifax, and Hannah 

Porter of Bridgwater. 
Novembr. 10th 1758—1 marry'd Samuel Allen and Hannah Pratt, both 

of Bridgwater. 
Feby. 7th 1 759 — I marry'd Joseph Snow and Ruth Shaw, both of Bridgwater. 
VOL. xlv. 14* 

144 Marriages in East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. [April, 

Febry, 21st 1759 — I marry'd James Bradly and Catharine Moore both of 

March 29th 1759 — I marry'd Nathanael Edson and Joanna Snow. 

June 12th 1759 — I marry'd Jonathan Conant and Jane Lathum. 

Octobr. 25th 1759 — I marry'd Joseph Robinson and Hannah Snow. 

Febry 21st 17G0— I marry'd Seth Mitchell and Mary Wade. 

April 10th 1760 — I marry'd Benjamin Byram and Rachel Baily. 

Sept. 11th 17 GO — I marry'd Eleazar Keith and P^lisabeth Mitchel. 

Octr. 9th 1760 — I marry'd John Ilanmer and Martha Pryer. 

Novr. 20th 1760 — I marry'd Solomon Packard, jur. and Hannah Baily. 

Febry. 19th 1761 — I marry'd Jepthae Byram of Mendham in New Jersey, 
and Susannah Washburn of Bridgwater. 

March 19th 1761 — I marry'd Nathan Whitman and Betty Allen. 

April 23d 1761 — I marry'd Ezra Allen and Phebe Cary. 

May 26th 1761 — I marry'd William Whitman and Mary Studley. 

Sept. 17th 17G1 — 1 marry'd Consider Bearce of Hallifax, & Elizabeth Per- 
kins of Bridgwater. 

October 15th 1761 — I marry'd Archibald Thompson and Martha Robinson, 
both of Bridgwater. 

Deer. 8th 1761 — I marry'd Jonathan Snow and Betty Packard, both of 

Febry 17th 1762 — I marry'd Ephraim Groves and Bathsheba Bowditch. 
both of Bridgwater. 

April 29th 1762 — I marry'd Nathaniel Lowden of Duxborough and 
Experience Pratt of Bridgwater. 

May 27th 1762—1 marry'd Obadiah Bates and Ruth Pratt both of Bridg- 

Sept. 30th 1762 — I marry'd Edward Mitchell jur. and Jane Lathum both 
of Bridgwater. 

Deer. 7th 1762 — I marry'd Jacob Allen and Abigail Baily, both of Bridg- 

Jany. 26th 1763 — I marry'd Jacob Mitchel and Rebecca Loring both of 

March 24th 1763 — I marry'd Winslow Richardson and Rhode Johnson, 
both of Bridgwater. 

June 16th 1763 — I marry'd John Keith and Alice Mitchel, both of Bridg- 

Octobr. 26th 1763 — I marry'd Joseph Keith and the Widow Baily, both of 

Decembr. 8th 1763 — I marry'd Lot Dwellee of Hanover and Sarah Allen 
of Bridgwater. 

March 15th 1761 — I marry'd Zebulun Packard and Rebecca Richardson, 
both of Bridgwater. 

August 28th 1764 — I marry'd Abner Pratt and the Widow Martha Cary 
both of Bridgwater. 

Sept. 13th 1764 — I marry'd Samuel Darby and Sarah Atwood, both of 

Novr. 22d 1764 — I marry'd Amos Whitman and Anna Washburn both of 

Decembr. 27th 1764 — I marry'd Seth Keith and Abigail Holman, both of 

Janry. 10th 1765 — I marry'd Zachariah Whitmarsh of Weymouth and the 
Widow Mary Pinkney of Bridgwater. 

1891.] Marriages in East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass, 145 

Sept. 26th 1765 — I marry'd Cushing Mitchel and Jennit Orr, both of 

Octobr. 17th 1765 — I marry'd Arthur Lathum and Margaret Bearse both 

of Bridgwater. 
Novernr. 14th 1765 — I marry'd James Thompson and Abigail Allen both 

of Bridgwater. 
Decembr. 5th 1765 — I marry'd John Hubbard of Abington and Mary Allen 

of Bridgwater. 
Decembr. 9th 1765 — I marry'd Samuel Staples of Hanover and Betty 

Washburn of Bridgwater. 
Jany 9th 1766 — I marry'd Joseph Noyes of Abington and Mercy Hatch of 

April 14th 1766 — I marry'd William Bonney and Phebe Allen both of 

May 29th 1766 — I marry'd Amos Foord of Duxborough and the Widow 

Sarah Patingale of Bridgwater. 
June 5th 1766 — I marry'd William Britten of Raynham and Mary Latham 

of Bridgwater. 
August ISth 1766 — I marry'd Samuel Nickels of Norton and Silence Bleen 

of Bridgwater, 
Sept. 23d 1766 — I marry'd Jonathan Orcutt and Thankfull Cary both of 

October 6th 1766 — I marry'd Robert Orr and Hannah Kingman, both of 

Novembr. 6th 1766 — I marry'd Josiah Fobes, jur. and Sarah Pryor both 

of Bridgwater. 
Novembr. 27th 1766 — I marry'd Polycarpus Snell & Susanna Shaw both 

of Bridgwater. 
Deer. 4th 1766 — I marry'd Josiah Hathaway jur. of Halifax & Hanah 

Latham of Bridgwater. 
Jany. 29th 1767 — I marry'd Deacon Thomas Whitman and the Widow 

Rebecca Allen. 
Mar. 19th 1767 — I marry'd Nathaniel Chamberlain and Deliverance Snell. 
April 23d 1767 — I marry'd Stephen Whitman and Mary Orr both of 

October 12th 1767 — I marry'd Lemuel Leach and Pvebecca Washburn both 

of Bridgwater, and at the same time John Sprague and Rebecca Alden 
of Bridgwater. 
Octobr. 15th 1767—1 marry'd Mr. Ephraim Hyde of Rehoboth and Mrs. 

Mary Angier* of Bridgwater. 
Nov. 26th 1767 — I marry'd Nathan Hudson and Betty Gannet, both of 

April 27th 1768 — I marry'd Winslow Richardson and Elisabeth Byram, 

both of Bridgwater. 
April 28th 1768 — I marry'd Elijah Dean and Susanna Bass, both of 

May 12th 1768 — I marry'd Zadok Hay ward of Plymouth and Experience 

Beame of Bridgwater. 
Sept. 29th 1768—1 marry'd George Keith and Deborah Cleft, both of 


• The unmarried daughter of Rev. John Angier. Young ladies were then called " Miss- 
tress," the term " Miss " being used for children under ten. 

146 WoodhvMs of Mollington, England. [April, 


Communicated by Rufus Kino, Esq., of Yonkers, N. Y. 

While in England in 1882, I visited the Parish of Mollington, 
and copied from the Church Register the Woodhull entries given 

The late Col. Joseph L. Chester had collected considerable ma- 
terial relating to the Woodhull family, including many extracts 
from the Mollington Register ; these have been carefully compared 
with my own, and where any difference of reading occurs it is noted. 

I found the Register so time-worn in many places as to be almost 
illegible. Col. Chester's Woodhull papers are now in possession of 
Gen. Maxwell Van Zandt Woodhull, of Washington, D. C. 

Rufus King. 


1570. Ales Woodhull, the daughter of Leonard Woodhull, Gent, and 
Eliz., his wife was bapt. the XIX 

1570. Ales Woodhull, the daughter of Thomas Woodhull and Mar- 

garett his wife was bapt. the X . . . th. 

1571. Elizabeth Woodhull, the daughter of Thomas Woodhull and 

Margarett his wife was bapt. the X . . . th ( ? May). 
1573. Johxim Woodhull, the daughter of Thomas Woodhull, Gent., 

and Margarett his wife was bapt. the iii of Ma . . . 
1584. Judeth Woodhull, the daughter of Thomas Woodhull, Gent., 

and Margarett his wife was bapt. the XXYI Dec. 
1591. Richard Woodhull, the sonne of Anthc nie Woodhull and Marie 

his wife was bapt. the XV. of July. 
1593. Bartholomew Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Woodhull, 

Gent., and Mary his wife was bapt. the XXVIII April 
1595-6. Hales Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Woodhull Gent., 

and Mary his wife was bapt. XI of Jann. 
1597. John Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Woodhull, Gent., & 

Marie his wife was bapt. the XXIst. of July. 
1599. Anthonie Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Woodhull and 

Marie his wife was bapt. the xiii of May. 
1602. Fulke Woodhull, the sonne of Edward Woodhull, Gent., and 

Katherine his wife was bap*, ye (?XXII) of Noveb r . 
1606. Thomas Woodhull, the sonne of Edward Woodhull, Gent., 

and Katherine his wife was bapt. the IXth of Octobr. 

(Chester says June 22 nd .) 

1608. Note. At this date the Register is quite faded out and 


1609. Anthony Woodhull, the sonne of Edward Woodhull, Gent., 

and Katherine his wife was baptised the XXVII of August. 


1891.] Woodhulls of Moiling ton, England. 147 

. 1621. Richard Woodhulle, the sonne of Edward Woddhulle and 
Marye his wife was baptised the XIII daye of September. 
(Chester says Sep. 16 ,h ). 

1623. Ane Wodhull, the daughter of Edward Wodhull and Mary 
his wife was baptised the XIX daye of October. 

1625. Frances Woodhull, the daughter of Edward .... and Mary 
his wife was baptised the 23d of ... . (Chester says Oct. 
28, 1625). 

1628. George Wodhull, the sonne of Mr. Thomas Wodhull and Eliza- 
beth his wyffe was baptised the third day of May (Chester 
says May 2). 

1628. Alice Woodhull, the daughter of Edward Woodhull and Mary 

his wyffe was baptised the 17th of Maye. 

1629. Elizabeth Woodhulle, the daughter of Woodhulle and 

Elizabeth his wife was baptised the VII th day of ( ? January). 
1631. Mary Woodhull, ye daughter of Edward Woodhull and Mary 

his wife was baptised the ... of April. (Chester says 

April 24.) 
1631. Joane Woodhull, the daughter of Thomas Woodhull and 

Elizabeth his wife was baptised the first day of November. 
1633. Catheren Woodhull, the daughter of Thomas Woodhull and 

Elizabeth his wife was baptised .... daye of Auguste. 

1633. Anthony Woodhull, the sonne of Edward Woodhull and Mary 

his wife was baptised the 19 day of January e. 

1634. Ane Woodhull, the daughter of Anthony Woodhull, the 

younger and Anne his wife was baptised the 30th daye of 

1635. Anthonye Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonye .... and Anne 

was baptised the 15th daye of Maye (Chester gives wife's 
name as Mary). 

1636. Edward Woodhull, the sonne of Thomas Woodhull and Eliza- 

beth his wife was baptised the 15th day of January. 
1638. Jane, the daughter of Anthony Woodhull, Gent., and Anne 
his wife baptised 

1638. Anthony Woodhull, the sonne of Thomas Woodhull and 

Elizabeth his wife was baptised the 27 th of October. 

1639. Anthonye Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonye Woodhull the 

younger, Gent., and Anne his wife was baptised the 28th of 

1640. Joyce, the daughter of Mr. Anthony Woodhull and Ann his 

wife was baptised the 26 th day February. 

1663. Mary, the daughter of Mr. Anthony Woodhull the .... and 
Mary his wife was baptised the 19th day of ... . (Chester 
says April 29th). 

1665. Elizabeth, the daughter of Anthony and Bridgit Woodhull 
baptised ye 30th day of May. 

1666 (Chester says Elizabeth or Anne) Woodhull the 

daughter of Thomas Woodhull, gent., and An his wife was 
baptised ye twenty-first day of September. 

1667. Edward Woodhull, ye sonn of Anthony Woodhull and Bridgit 
his wife wa3 baptised ye 12 day of July. 

1669. Mary Woodhull, ye daughter of Thomas Woodhull ye younger, 
Gent., and Ann his wife was baptised ye 7th day of Feb- 
ruary. (Chester says 1667-8). 

148 Woodhulls of Moiling ton, England. [April, 

1669. Mary Woodhull, ye daughter of Anthony Woodhull and 

Bridgit his wife was baptised the 23 May. ( Chester says 

?1669. Anthony Wodhull, the sonn of Thomas Wodhull the younger, 

gent, and Ann his wife was baptised the fourteenth day of 

1671. Thomas Wodhull, sonne of Thomas Wodhull, gent, and Ann 

his wife was baptised the 14 day of November. 
1671. Susan, daughter of Anthony and Bridgit Woodhull baptised 

8 th of April. 
. 1676. Elizabeth Woodhull, daughter of Anthony .... and Bridgit 

his wife was baptised the . . . day of April (Chester says 

April 1st). 

1677. Elizabeth Woodhull, daughter of Thomas Woodhull and Eliza- 

beth his wife was baptised the fifteenth day of April. 

1678. Bridget, ye daughter of Anthony Wodhull and Bridgit his 

wife was baptised June ye 29th. 

1678. Francis Wodhull, the sonn of Thomas Wodhull Esq re and 
Elizabeth his wife was born on the third and twentieth day 
of April 1678 and was baptised the 3 day of May then en- 

1684. Anthony, ye son of Anthony Woodhull and Patience his wife 
was baptised ye 20th day of July. 

1687. George, ye sonne of Anthonye Woodhul and Temperance his 
wife was baptised ye 5 day of November. 

1575. Edmund E gent, and Elizabeth Woodhull, vidua, 

were married the XXIII of June. 
1575. George Woodhull, gent, and Bridget Leeson were married the 

XXVI of June (Chester says June 23d). 
1588. William Elkinsrton and Ales Woodhull were married the 

XVIth of May. 
?1611. Edward Woodhull and Mary Robins married (Chester says 

Nov. 25, 1619). 
168o. Memorandum, that John Woodward, Gent, and Aune. dau. 

of Thomas Woodhull, Esq., were married the 7th day of 


1566. Fulk Woodhull was burried ye VI th of Novebr. (Chester 

says Nov. 3d.) 
1569. Ales Woodhull was buried the Xlth of August. 

1574. ? Willm . . . Mr. Fulke Woodhuil ... was buried the 

XVIth of April. 

1575. Mr. Leonard Woodhull, gent, was buried the XII of April. 

1587. George Woodhull, gent, was buried the xxiiii of Aprill. 

1588. John Woodhull, the sonne of Leonard Woodhull, gent, was 

buried the XXXI of January. 
1590. Ales Woodhull, gent., widow, was buried the XXVI of . . . 

(Chester says February). 
1595. Bartholomew Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Woodhull, 

gent, was buried ye XlXth of June. 

1891.] Woodhulls of Mollington, England. 149 

1596. Johan Woodhull, the wife of Edward Woodhull was buried 

'the 5th of August. 

1597. John "Woodhull, the sonne of Anthonie Wodhull, gent., was 

buried ye second day of August. 
1601. Mary Woodhull, the wife of Anthonie Woodhull, gent., was 
buried ye XVIth of Octobr. 

1606. Margarett Woodhull, gent., widow, was bury d the 9th October. 

1607. Fulk Woodhull, sonne of Edward Woodhull, gent., was buryed 

the iiii of July. 

1612. Mr. William Woodhull was Buried ye first daye of Novem- 
ber. (Chester says Dec.) 

1620. Edward Woodhull, gentleman, was buried the first of Feb- 

1620. Fulk Woodhull was buried the 23 d of September. 

1620. Edward Woodhull was buryed the first of March. 

1625. Richard Woodhull, the sonne of Edward Woodhull was buryed 
the first of Dec. 

1638. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Woodhull, gent., was buried Octo- 

ber 27th. 

1639. Edward Woodhull, the son of Thomas Woodhull, gent., and 

Elizabeth his wife was buried ye 26th May. 
1650. Mr. Foulke W r oodhull was buried Septemb. 22 d . 
1653. The daughter of Richard Wodhull, Esq., and Elizabeth his 

wife was buried the 18 th of July. 
1664. Mary Woodhull, ye daughter of Anthony Woodhull, Esq., and 

Mary his wife was buryed August ye 25. 
1664. The daughter of Anthony Woodhull, Esq., and Mary his wife 

was buryed ye 20th of May. 
1669. Anthony Woodhull, the sonne of Anthony Woodhull, Esquire, 

and Ann his wife who dyed the second day of May and was 

buried the tenth day of May. 
1669. Mary Woodhull, late wife of Anthony Woodhull Esquire 

widow was buryd the 31 day of xlugust. 

1674. Thomas Woodhull ye elder, gent., was buried the eighth day 

of December. 

1675. Anthony Wodhull, Esq., was buried the first day of Septemb. 

1677. Mary Wodhull, late wife of Mr. Thomas Wodhull w T as buried 

the 30 day of May. 

1678. Elizabeth Woodhull, late wife of Thomas Wodhull, Esq., was 

buried the 3 day May. 

The following burials are copied from Col. Chester's notes, as Mr. 
King did not extend his search beyond the date last mentioned : 

1678, May 17, Anne ux. Anthony Woodhull Esq 

1678, July 20, Brigitt, d. Anthony and Brigitt Woodhull 

1683, June 3, Brigitt ux. Anthony Woodhull 

1687, July 14, George Odell als Woodhull 

1697, Sep. 10, Edward S. Anthony Woodhull, gent. 

1700, Dec. 23, Francis S. Thomas and Elizabeth Woodhull 

1707, May 9, Anthony Woodhull, died 7 th 

1708-9, Jan. 18. Thomas Woodhull, Esq., died 15 th 

1709, Aug. 9, Anthony Woodhull, died 7 th 

150 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 


By Henry F. "Waters, A.M., now residing in London, England. 
[Continued from page 71.] 

The present instalment of Gleanings is a continuation of the 
wills of benefactors of Harvard College and their families. 

Henry F. Waters. 


John Man of the town and county of Pool, merchant, 8 July 1577, 
proved 13 June 1578. Son William and his children. Sons John, Edward, 
Thomas and Bartlemewe. Late wife Amy Man. Daughter Amy Pitt. 
Daughter Cicely Havilonde. Daughter Edith Lewen. Daughter Agnes 
Wickes. Stephen and Richard Whetacre, sons of my daughter Edith 
Lewin. My three sons in law John Crooke, Christopher Wickes and 
Christopher Havilonde. John Crooke of Southampton, merchant. One of 
the witnesses was a Christopher Wickes. Langley, 28. 

Robert Kechin, merchant, one of the aldermen of the City of Bristol, 
19 June 1594, proved 10 January 1594. (The name also appears as 
Kitchin and Kitchen.) Body to be buried in the parish of St. Stephen's in 
Bristol near the place where first wife Johane was buried. To Robert 
Havyland, son of Matthew Havyland, of Bristol, merchant, three tenements 
and a garden in Hallyes Lane, with remainder to William Havyland, then to 
John Havyland, sons of the said Matthew. My capital messuage or man- 
sion house wherein I now dwell, situate in Snale Street in the parish of St. 
Warborough, Bristol, to be sold at best price and the money received there- 
for to be employed for the best benefit relief and " sustentacon " of the 
poor; but my wife Justyne shall have and enjoy the use of the said house 
and of the furniture in it during her natural life. Other bequests to the 
sons of Matthew Haviland, to brother Matthew Ketc lin, to sister Agues, to 
Robert Ketchin of Londou, merchant, being the son of brother Richard, to 
brother Thomas, to nephew Thomas Ketchin son of brother Matthew, to 
Niece Agnes daughter of Matthew, to niece Elizabeth wife of John Friend 
of Bristol, hooper, to niece Margaret Ketchin daughter of brother Matthew, 
to niece Elizabeth Ketchin daughter of brother John, deceased, to Jane 
Ketchin his other daughter, to niece Marrian Nottingham wife of John 
Nottingham of Bristol, to Robert Nottingham son of John Nottingham of 
Bristol " hullion " and of Marryan his wife, and to William their younger 
son, to Abel Kitchen. John Barker, Matthew Haviland, John Rowberoe 
and Abel Kitchen to be executors and trustees. The residue to the relief 
of the poor in Bristol and in Kendal, Westmoreland. Scott, 2. 

Anne Colston of Bristol, widow, 13 July 1603, proved 28 February 
1603. Body to be interred in St. Nicholas Crowd in the City of Bristol in 
the place where the " corps " of my mother or my good husband Mr. Richard 
Hentiey lieth, if I decease in Bristow or withiu twenty miles thereof. My 
brother Mr. Robert Dowe in London. Mrs Bridget Dowe late the wife of 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 151 

my late deceased nephew Thomas Dowe. My nephew Sir William Smith 
of Essex, knight, and the lady his good wife, John, Clement and Edward 
Smith brethren of Sir William. My cousin Mrs. Rose White wife unto 
Mr. Francis White, preacher in Rochester, and her son John Peck. My 
cousin Henry Reynoldes, minister. Elizabeth Buttry sometime the wife 
of William Buttrie, my sister's son. My cousin Mrs. Mary Awstell wife 
unto Mr. Awstell of Grey's Inn, gen*. My nephews Bush Welles and 
John Welles. My cousin John Mot-he's children that he had by my cousin 
Elizabeth his first wife, being daughters to my brother Welles, long since 
deceased. Grace Robinson wife to a preacher of that name and her sister 
Martha Smith daughter unto Robert Smith, which he had by my cousin 
Susan, my sister's daughter. My cousin Alice Threder's daughter, I know 
not her name. Philip Poyntell son unto William Poyntell deceased, who 
dwelt sometimes iu Presteyne. Raphe Pointell's children, being fatherless, 
who was a tailor sometimes in London. Mr. Matthew Haviland's three 
eldest sous, Robert, William and John. Matthew Haviland and his sisters 
Anne and Mary Haviland. Brynt Gulliford, sou unto Mr. Robert Gully- 
ford preacher of God's word and one of the prebends in the College. 
Samuel Gulliford, my godson, brother to the said Brint. Ellen Atkins of 
Bristol widow (one dozen silver spoons, six of them Apostle spoons and six 
with maiden heads). Her daughter Anne Atkins my god daughter. Alice 
Bull daughter of Robert Bull deceased, being my kinswoman. Charity 
Longe wife of Edmond Longe of Bristow, comfit maker. Anne Aldworth, 
daughter unto Simon Aldworth of Reading, Berks., whom he had by his 
first wife Mary Aish. Mr. Matthew Haviland to be executor. My loving 
daughter in law Mrs. Joice (sic) Haviland his wife. Cousin Mrs. Mary 
Awstell, sister of Bush and John Welles. Cousin Mr. John Mothe, gold- 
smith in cheapside London. Thomas Wilcox sou unto Thomas Wilcox and 
Rebecca his wife both deceased. His sisters Anne, Margery and Rebecca 
Wilcox. Andrew Patch, clerk of Alhollon. Edward Colston son unto 
Richard Colston. My Cousin Mr. Crescent Buttry dwelling at Lawrence 
Marson, gentleman (a ring with a death's head and two letters under the 

same — A: R:). Cousin Dewberry wife unto Dewberry dwelling in 

Reading. To " Alice Thredder's daughter I know not her name she is to 
be hardn of aboute Straford Bowe, her mother's brother dwelleth in Strat- 
ford aforesaid, one William Poyntill an old man if he be livinge, the said 
Pointill was verye young when he came firste to Stratford, his ffather and 
mother contynued to their old age in that place and had manie children. I 
saie to the saide Thredder's daughter I giue a gowne and a peticoate of 
mine sucn as may serue for a poore woeman's wearinge, a fustian wast coate, 
two good smockes, thre good kercheifes, if she live ; I hope she shall be 
harde of." Mr. Robert Redwood of this city. Mrs. Redwood for her 
brother Robert Farrar's wife. Mrs. Langley widow, with whom I kneeled 
in the church about twenty three years. Anne Colston wife of Richard 
Colston. Vincent Colston's wife. Elizabeth Colston the wife of Robert 
Colston. Others. Harte, 28. 

Thomas Pitt of Bristol, merchant, 1 May 1613, proved 5 August 1613. 
To my son William Pitt one lease for the term of his natural life, of my 
tenement without Temple Gate within the Liberty of the city of Bristol, 
which is now in the possession of George Tyce, iunholder, called the Sara- 
cen's Head, and one lease of a tenement which I lately built without 
Temple Gate, now in the occupation of Thomas Arthur Esq., he to pay to 

VOL. XLV. 15 

152 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

Robert Pitt, the son of my said sou "William, ten pounds yearly, after the 
said Robert shall accomplish the age of twenty two years. After the death 
of the said William these two tenements to the said Robert. My son Wil- 
liam shall give his sous William and Robert ten pounds apiece at the age 
of sixteen years. To my daughter Alice Northeu one silver-gilt ale cup 
and the sum of forty pounds within two years after my decease to bestow 
upon her children at her will and pleasure, and in the meantime four pounds 
every year for the use thereof. To my daughter Anne Merrick one silver- 
gilt ale cup and to my son in law Johu Merrick twenty pounds within eight 
months to be equally divided between my daughter Ann Merrick's three 
children, viz*. Ann Waters, Mary Waters and Robert Merrick. To my 
daughter Mary Owen a silver gilt ale cup and to my son in law Robert Owen 
twenty pounds within eight months to be divided between my daughter 
Mary's three children: Robert, Mary and Joane Owen. To my cousin Mr. 
Matthew Havyland, alderman, a ring of gold to the value of twenty shil- 
lings. To my kinsman William Pitt, draper, another. My kinsman Edward 
Batten. My friend Mr. Sacnuel Davies to preach my fuueral sermon. My 
daughters in law Mary Marlowe, Cicely Gunning and Elizabeth Batterton. 
My kinswoman Mary Robinson. Son William Pitt to be executor and 
trusty friend and neighbor, Thomas Callowhill to be overseer. 

Capell, 75. 

Matthew Havylande of Bristol, merchant and one of the aldermen of 
the City, 2 March 1619, proved 22 May 1G20. Body to be buried in 
Warborrowes churchyard, even in the grave in which my wife Joyce was 
laid in, and to be buried without a coffin if I may. To grandchild Matthew 
Havylande, son of Robert, my son, the farm and buildings in Hawkesbury, 
Glouc, which I bought of M r . Johu Vizar and his father (and other lands). 
Provision for the maintenance of son William during his natural life. Grand- 
child Bartholomew Havyland, son of the said William. Son John to have 
certain estates in Somerset. To my son Matthew my eighth part of the 
Prisacre wines coming to the Port or Creeks of Bristol, during the lease 
thereof granted, on condition that he shall pay unto Tacie my wife fifty 
pounds yearly during her life. To my said son Matthew my house and 
tenement in Smale street [sic) wherein M r . Thomas Colston now dwelleth 
(and other property). Son Robert's children, Matthew, Mary, Florence, 
Jane and Elizabeth. Daughter Anne Lorte's children, Sampson and Joyce. 
Reference to bond of their father, Sampson Lortt. 

I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Holworthie3 children, Mat- 
thew, Mary, Richard, Anne and John, one hundred nobles, to be paid unto 
them as they shall accomplish the full age of twenty years or days of mar- 
riage. To my son in law Mr. Richard Holworthie the like sum of one 
hundred nobles, to be paid within one year after my decease, praying him 
to be one of the overseers of this my last will. To my sister Eliouor Helye 
five pounds in money and a gown. To Mr. Farmer minister of Warbor- 
rowe's church rive pounds to make him a gown. To M r . William Yeaman 
preacher (the same) so as he will preach at my fuueral and his text to be 
on the twelfth chapter of Ecclesiastes and seaventh verse. Son Robert and 
his heirs shall pay yearly forever out of my lands called the Grange, in or 
by Kings wood, Wilts, four pounds unto the Mayor and Commonalty of the 
city of Bristol to the end and purpose that in the common gaol of the said 
city called Newgate shall be preached yearly for ever twelve sermons. My 
kinsmen Mr. William Pitt draper and Mr. William Pitt merchant and 
Edward Batten gen', to be overseers. Soame, 43. 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 153 

Matthew Haviland of Bristol, merchant, 16 May 1623, proved 29 
April 1624. To Mr. John Farmer minister of God's word in the parish of 
St. Warburge five pounds. To my niece Joyce Lorte, daughter of Sampson 
Lorte, late of Bristol merchant, one hundred pounds and my estate in the 
messuage wherein Charles Hammond, mercer, lately dwelled, situate near 
the " Crowde " door of St. Nicholas church, with my lease and writings con- 
cerning the same, and also ten pounds which Richard Fownes, the sou of 
Mr. Thomas Fownes of Plymouth, merchant, is to pay me at the day of his 
marriage. To the said Joyce Lorte and to my niece Mary IIol worthy, one 
of the daughters of M r . Richard Holworthy, merchant, all my household 
stuff &c. now remaining in the now dwelling house of the said Richard 
Holworthy. To my nephew Matthew Haviland, son of brother Robert, my 
household stuff &c. in the now T dwelling house of the said Robert at Haukes- 
berry, Glouc. To my kinsman Peter Helye of Bristol!, whitetawer, five 
pounds. To William Brimsdon, soapmaker, twenty marks. To John 
Vizer of Owlepenn, Glouc, gen*, twenty nobles. To my brother in law Mr. 
Richard Holworthy, of Bristol, merchant, twenty pounds iu token of my 
hearty love and affection. 

Whereas my dear father Matthew Haviland, late of the city of Bristol, 
alderman, deceased, did give and bequeath unto me five hundred pounds 
and appointed that 1 should yearly pay unto Mrs. Thasia Haviland, his then 
wife, fifty pounds per annum during her natural life, for her better security 
I do deposite and leave in the hands of the said Richard Holworthy four 
hundred pounds and authorize and appoint my brother Robert to pay uuto 
him one hundred pounds more to make up the five hundred in regard that 
my said brother oweth me a more sum. And the said Richard Holworthy 
shall keep the said five hundred and in consideration of the forbearance and 
benefit thereof shall yearly pay unto the said Thasia during her natural life 
the sum of fifty pounds per annum. And after her decease he shall distri- 
bute and dispose of the said five hundred pounds in manner and form 
following: that is to say, to Matthew Holworthy, Mary Holworthy, 
Ann Holworthy, Richard Holworthy and John Holworthy, children of 
the said Richard and Mary his late wife, my sister deceased, the sum of 
two hundred pounds to be equally divided amongst them, viz 1 , to each one 
of them the sum of forty pounds apiece. To Prrdence Holworthy and 
Thomas Holworthy, two other children of the said Richard, twenty pounds 
to be divided between them. To each of the children of brother Robert, 
namely Matthew, Mary, Florence, Jane and Elizabeth Haviland, forty 
pounds apiece. The residue to my brother in law Mr. Richard Holworthy 
whom I do constitute, make and ordain my sole and only executor. 

Byrde, 29. 

Thomas Fownes of Plymouth, Devon, Esquire, 15 June 1637, proved 
13 June 1638. To the Mayor and commonalty of Plymouth one hundred 
pounds, to set poor people on work and keep them from idleness. Refer- 
ence to a like gift made by Mr. John Gayre. A gift to the new Hosp. of 
Orphans Aid near Plymouth church. To the poor of Bristol. Elizabeth 
wife of William Stephens of Bristol, merchant, and Mary Longe, 
daughter of Mary Longe my sister deceased. Every of the daughters 
of Judith Amades my kinswoman (Francis Amadas their father). The 
daughters of Humpry Fownes deceased. Warwick Fownes my kinsman 
(elsewhere spoken of as of London, merchant), kinswoman Johan the 
wife of John Rogers and her children. Diones Cotten's son which she 

154 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

had by John Gotten deceased. Susan Walker (sic) and Johane Walter, 
daughters of my sister Susan Walter, and Thomas Walter her son. My 
farm and barton at Whitley. Richard Hawkins and his wife in my 
service. My kinsman Richard Longe of Bristol, merchant, and his chil- 
dren. My daughter Prudence, now the wife of John Wacldon, and her 
children. To my daughter Mary, the wife of Richard Halworthy six hun- 
dred pounds, which shall be for her and the children that she hath by 
Richard Halworthy. To my daughter Johan the wife of Hugh Gayer 
deceased, six hundred pounds, two hundred for herself and a hundred apiece 
for her children. James Yard, my godson, son of my aunt Yard lately 
deceased, and John Yard, her son. To Richard Fownes the son of Richard 
Fownes deceased my tenement in Tavistock. To my son John the tenths, 
tithe and sheafe of the parish of St. Budiox during my term and estate therein 
to come. To son Thomas messuages &c. in Plymouth called the Pump 
Close, by the pump near the new " key." To my two daughters Elizabeth 
Yard and Su^an Kellond all the apparel and rings which were their 
mother's, my late wife deceased. Certain Jewels and rings that were 
Julian Fownes deceased (wife of Richard Fownes deceased) I give unto 
her two sons Thomas and Richard Fownes. To my son John all the barton 
of East Whitleigh and the manor of Houiknowle. Provision against his 
proving a wasteful young man keeping riotous company and spending and 
consuming his estate in drunkenness and idle courses. Son Thomas 
Fownes. Thomas and Richard sons of Richard Fownes deceased (called 
grandchildren). The two daughters of Francis Fownes deceased. The poor 
of Milbrooke in Cornwall. Abraham Sherwill now preacher at St. Budiox. 
My messuages &c. purchased by me and my heirs from my cousin Warwick 
Fownes lying in'the parishes of Ilsington and High Week, Devon, and two 
pieces lying near the Lady Well. To Thomas Fownes my grandchild, son 
of Richard Fownes deceased, my manor of Lipson. I lately built and 
erected a Messuage, Hospital and Alms House near the great Hill in Ply- 
mouth, containing thirteen rooms. John, Thomas and Susan Kellond the 
sons and daughter of John Kellond. Edward Deacon, merchant, son of 
Edward Deacon deceased, and all his children. Prudence Martyn the 
daughter of Edward Deacon deceased aud wife of Francis Martyn and all 
her chidren. 

Sons John and Thomas to be joint executors. Lee, 84. 

Richard Holtvorthie, merchant, one of the aldermen of the city of 
Bristol, 10 October 1G43, proved 9 December 1645. I have conveyed my 
dwelling house in Small street to my wife for her life. My eight children. 
To the mayor and commonalty of Bridge water, Somerset, where I was 
born, fifty two pounds. My daughter Launce and her son. To William 
Lauuce. My daughter Cam. My daughter Croft. All my grandchildren. 
My brother Nicholas Holworthie and his children. My sister Mallet and 
her children. My cousin Robert Kitchen. To my son Matthew Hol- 
worthie my rich scabbard which I had when I was mayor. My son Thomas 
Holworthie. Wife Mary to be executrix and my friend Mr. Richard Long, 
alderman, and my son in law Mr. James Crofte and my loving friend Mr. 
William Yeomans gen 1 , to be overseers. The residue to be divided into 
ten equal parts whereof my wife shall have two and my eight children, 
Matthew, Richard, John. Thomas, Joseph, Nathaniel, Samuel and Sarah, to 
have each one. Reference to a gift made by father in law Mr. Fownes to 
his grandchildren my four younger sons and my daughter Sarah. To brother 
Robert Haviland five pounds. Rivers, 147. 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 155 

Thomas Hol worthy of Bristol, gen., 3 April 1654, proved 5 June 1654. 
Copyhold tenements in Rowberow, Somerset. Son Thomas, brother-in- 
law James Crofte, merchant, and three of his children, Richard, Anne and 
Mary Crofte. Wife (not named). Alchiu, 491. 

William Launce, clerk, Rector of the parish church of St. Edmund 
the King and Martyr in Lombard Street, London, 13 January 16G4, proved 
21 January 1665. To be buried in the chancel of that church. Sister 
Elizabeth Forsithe,. widow, and her daughter Elizabeth Forsithe. William 
Launce, Matthew Launce, Prudence Launce, Mary Lang and Ann Parker, 
the sons and daughters of my brother James Launce. My said brother 
James and Anne his wife. Zurishaddai Lang, Doctor in Physick, the hus- 
band of the said Mary Lang. Mico, 11. 

The 28 th of August 1665. 

Brother Mathew Holworthy for the moneys of mine you have in yo r 
hands That is Two hundred fcour scoar nine pounds five shillings and 
Eleauen pence I would desire you to pay my daughter Mary Lang tho 
sume of ffowerteene pounds of the interest moneys first due and the next 
interest moneys due to make up those moneys in yo r hands 3 hundred 
pounds. (Then follow gifts and bequests.) Son William Launce. Son 
Matthew Launce. Daughter Ann wife of William Parker living at Sun- 
Dam. Son John. Daughter Prudence Launce. 

This was signed "Your loveing Sister Anne Launce." Mico, 130. 

Nathaniel Holworthy, gentleman, 29 January 1667, proved 20 
February 1667. I do appoint my brother Mr. James Croft senior to be 
my sole executor and Mr. John Speed to be his overseer. My body to be 
buried in the parish church of St. Wasbrowes (sic), near to my father M r 
Richard Holworthy, and I do appoint forty pounds to bury me and for 
funeral charges, at my brother Crofte's discretion. To my sister Mrs. 
Prudence Croft ten pounds " to morne." To my brother James Croft, ten 
pounds to mourn. To my sister Sarah Holworthy fifty shillings. To my 
sister Holworthy in the College Green fifty shillings. To my cousin 
Thomas Holworthy fifty shillings. To my cousin James Croft junior five 
pounds. To my cousin Mary Croft five pounds. To my cousin Ann Croft 
five pounds. To my cousin Hoppen forty shillings. To my cousin Thomas 
Cam forty shillings. To my cousin Arthur Cam forty shillings. A piece 
of gold of twenty shillings to Mr. Jones, the minister, to preach my funeral 
sermon. To Mr. Palmer the minister a piece of gold of twenty shillings. 
To Mr. Yeamons forty shillings. To Mrs. Sarah Yeamons twenty shil- 
lings. The best watch I give to my cousin James Croft junior and my 
other watch to my cousin Mary Croft. To Mr. Yeomans' son, William 
Yeomans ten shillings. To be paid to Mr. Cox in the Hurstreet twelve 
pounds for a debt. All what I have at sea, God sending it well home, I 
give to my cousins James, Mary and Anne Croft. To Anne Smith ten 
shillings. To Rachel Lewis ten shillings. To Mr. John Speed forty 
shillings. Hene, 19. 

In the Probate Act Book for 1668 the testator above named is called 
lately of the city of Bristol. 

Mense Januarii 1677. Vicesimo nono die em* Com Dfio Matheo Hol- 
worthy miti marito ltimo Maria3 Holworthy nup goae stae Margaretae 
Lothbury London deftfie hentis etc. Admon. Act Book, 1678. 

vol. xlv. 15* 

156 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

Mathew Hol worthy of Hackney, Middlesex, knight, 9 May 1677, 
proved 28 November 1678. To my wife Susanna Hol worthy, over and 
above her jointure and other settlements made unto her and for her use, 
three hundred pounds and all her Jewells and ornaments of her body for 
ever, and the use of all my plate and furniture and goods of my house 
during her natural life. And after her decease I do give the same unto 
my son Matthew forever. I do farther give unto my said dear wife full 
power to sell the fee of my now dwelling house in Hackney, with all the 
ground and appurtenances thereto belonging, and to retain unto herself, to 
her proper use, one third part of the moneys that shall be made thereof. 
The other two third parts thereof I do give and bequeath unto my son 
Matthew and to his heirs forever. 

" Item I doe giue and bequeath unto the Colledge or university in or of 
Cambridge in New England the summe of one Thousand pounds to be paid 
and made over to the Governors and directors thereof to be disposed of by 
them as they shall judge best for promoteing of learning and promulgation 
of the Gospell in those parts. The same to be paid within Two yeares 
next comeing after my decease." 

There shall be land bought to the value of six hundred pounds near my 
manor of Sporle in Norfolk and the yearly rents and profits thereof shall be 
given and paid unto such ministers as shall be fitly qualified for the ministry 
and known to be of a good life and conversation and shall, every Lord's 
day, preach two sermons in the Church of that parish at the usual hours. 
The sum of two thousand pounds shall be given and disposed of in and to 
such charitable uses as shall be directed in and by a Schedule hereunto 
annexed or by any other writing under my hand writing. To the poor of 
the town of Sporle twenty pounds. To the poor of the parish of Hackney 
twenty pounds. To Edmond Channell nineteen pounds thirteen shillings, 
to Cisly Binner thirty six pounds, six pence (reference made to a book of 
accounts), to John Burrow the debt he oweth unto me and all my house 
goods that are in the keeping of his brother Robert Burrow and all those 
sums of money owing uuto me by several bonds of his brother Thomas 
Burrow. To all and every of my nephews and nieces ten pounds, I say 
ten pounds to each of them. To my sister Mary Madocke eight pounds 
per annum during her natural life, to commence from the next day after 
my death. To my sister Croft six pounds per annum I do order and 
•will that six pounds shall be paid every year unto Mr. Thomas Gouge to 
promote his labour in instructing the Welsh as long as he shall continue in 
that pious work. Three hundred pounds to be paid unto such ministers as 
my executors shall judge deserving and to need supply, not exceeding ten 
pounds unto any of them singly. To my son Matthew all the remainder of 
my estate, both real and personal, to him and his heirs forever, he paying 
to every other child begotten me the sum of three thousand pounds to each 
of them, as soon as any of them shall have attained unto the age of twenty 
one years, and shall also pay unto every and each of them forty pounds per 
annum during the life of ray dear wife, for their maintenance and breeding 
up, and after her decease shall allow and pay unto every and each of them 
one hundred pounds per annum for their maintenance and greatening of 
their portions, until they shall have attained their respective ages of twenty 
one years and the receipt of their respective portions of three thousand 
pounds hereby given and bequeathed. My manor of Sporle shall stand 
engaged for the payment thereof. Provision made in case of death of 
issue. To my nephew George Holworthy, to enjoy during his natural life, 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 157 

my manor of Sporle, with Great Palgrave, Norfolk, and after his decease 
to his next heir male (lawful) &c, remainder to his brother John Hol- 
worthy, remainder to my nephew John, son of my brother John Holworthy. 

If my said son and every other child of mine shall all depart this life 
without issue, then the remainder of my personal estate to the children, then 
living, of my brother Richard Holworthy deceased, of my brother John 
Hoi worthy, of my sister Mary Madocke and of my sister Anne Lauuce, in 
equal parts &c. My father Henry Henly Esq. and my wife Susanna to 
be my executors and guardians of my son. 

Administration was granted 17 August 1704 to Matthew Ilolworthy 
Esq., the son, on the goods &c. left uuadministered by Henry Henly Esq., 
and Dame Susanna Holworthy, now also dead. Reeve, 41. 

John Holworthy of London, merchant, 23 February 1G83, proved 1 
December 1687. Mentions wife Anue, refers to agreement made with her 
father deceased, before marriage, mentions also son John Ilolworthy, 
friend Sir Thomas Jenner, Recorder of London, daughter Ann Holworthy, 
Provision in case she marries Luke Robinson of Gray's Inn, Middlesex, 
Esq. Mrs. Anne Horsnell, her son and daughter. Cousin Sarah Ramsden 
wife of Michael Ramsden. Sister Madox. Mr. John Foche in Cannon 
Street, scrivener. Christ church Hospital. Foote, 151. 

Samuel Penoter of London, merchant, 29 June 1652, proved 12 May 
1654. To my brother William Penoyer and to his wife Martha ten pounds 
apiece, to buy them mourning. Twenty pounds to poor godly families 
which shall be in want, to be disposed of by my said sister Martha Penoyer. 
To the children of John Butler and David Butler, dwelling in Hereford- 
shire, twenty pounds, to be paid to my brother William Penoyer for the 
use of the said children. To Master Brookes the minister six pounds and 
to Master Fraiser the minister five pounds to buy them mourning. The 
residue of my goods, chattels and personal estate to my wife Rose Penoyer, 
v/hom I make and ordain full and sole executrix; and for overseers I 
nominate and appoint my loving friends Master Richard Hill, Master 
William Hobson, Esquires, and Master William Penoyer Esquire, and I 
give and bequeath to them ten pounds apiece. Touching my lands, tene- 
ments a id hereditaments, I give and bequeath to my wife Rose, for and 
during ner natural life, my manor of Tharfield, Herts., and all my lands 
&c. in Acton, Middlesex, and all my adventures for lands in Ireland; and 
after her decease I give and bequeath the said manor, and lands &c unto 
Thomas Adams Esq., Thomas Cullam Esq., and Alderman of London, 
Christopher Pack Esq. and Alderman of London, Andrew Richards Esq. 
and Alderman of London, Robert Lowther and Samuel Vassall Esquires, 
John Rogers, Robert Winch, John Taylor and James Russell, members of 
the Company of Drapers of the City of London, upon this trust and 
confidence and to this iutent and purpose, that they shall pay and dispose 
of the first three years' rents &c after the decease of my said wife to such 
uses and in such manner as my said wife by her last will, or by any other 
writing under her hand and seal, shall direct and appoint. And if after the 
first three years next after my wife's decease my brother William and 
Martha his wife, or the survivor of them, shall happen to be in want and 
poverty and shall make such his, her or their want and poverty known to 
the said Company at any Court of Assistants, then the said trustees shall, 
after the first three years' rents &c paid and disposed of as aforesaid, pay 

158 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

or cause to be paid unto my said brother William, during the natural lives 
of him and his wife Martha, one hundred pounds per annum, and to the 
survivor of them fifty pounds per annum during the life of such survivor. 
If any of my collateral cousins on my father's side or mother's side (not 
exceeding the second degree from any of the brethren or sisters of my 
father or mother) shall stand in need of money to place them forth appren- 
tices the said trustees shall out of the said rents pay or disburse the sum of 
fifty pounds for the putting forth apprentice of every such collateral cousin 
of mine to some godly man to be brought up in some honest and lawful 
trade, and shall pay such cousin one hundred pounds for and as a stock if 
he or she shall live till the expiration of his or her apprenticeship and shall 
be of honest life and conversation. Provision made for the putting forth 
of other, fatherless, children of fourteen years of age &c. There shall be 
paid to Richard Butler, student in the University of Cambridge, out of the 
rents &c. of my lands in Acton an annuity of six pounds per annum for ten 
years next after my decease. Twelve pounds per annum for a lecture to be 
yearly preached on Thursday or Friday for ever in the meeting-place or 
church called St. Stephens within the city of Bristol. Provision made fn 
case wife bring forth a son or daughter before or after my decease. 

Alchin, 388. 

William Pennoyer Esq., citizen and cloth-worker of London, 25 May 
1670, proved 13 February 1670. Having attained to a competent worldly 
estate and having no children, being desirous to make provision for Martha, 
my dear and loving wife, daughter of John Joycelyn, late of Hyde Hall in 
Sabridgeworth in the county of Hertford, Esquire deceased, and others of 
my kindred &c &c. Then follow sundry bequests for the poor &c. To 
Mr. William Bridge the elder at Great Yarmouth ten pounds, to Mr. Wil- 
liam Greenhill of Stepney twenty pounds, to Mr. William Hooke twenty 
pounds and to his two sons, John and Walter, ten pounds apiece. Others 
named, including Sir William Thompson, Maurice Thompson Esq. and 
John Jolliffe Esq. To my brother Joscelyne Esq. ten pounds. To Sam- 
uel Desborowe Esq. twenty pounds and to Rose his wife (the late wife of 
my brother Samuel Pennoyer deceased) twenty pounds. To Elizabeth 
Cheese, my near kinswoman, now wife of John Cheese of Ashford near 
Ludlow, three hundred pounds, to be wholly at her own dispose, and to 
John Cheese her husband fifty pounds. To my kinsman Pennoyer Cheese, 
son of the said Elizabeth, two hundred and fifty pounds, to his brother 
Samuel Cheese two hundred pounds and to Elizabeth Cheese their sister 
two hundred pounds, the sons at two and twenty and the daughter at like 
age or marriage. To Thomas Edes (eldest son of my kinswoman Isabel 
Edes) fourscore pounds and to each other of the children of the said Isabel, 
one hundred pounds apiece. Samuel and Richard, two of her sons, to be 
placed apprentices. To David Butler of Dorson, Hereford, yeoman, four- 
score pounds and to his two daughters fourscore pounds apiece. To Evan 
Butler of Cusopp, Hereford, seventy pounds and to his son Walter, now at 
New England, and to each other of his children threescore pounds apiece. 
To Thomas Butler, son of Thomas Butler late of Cusopp deceased, sixty 
pounds and to his own sister Elizabeth twenty pounds, and to their sisters, 
Mary, sixty pounds, and Jane, seventy pounds. To William Butler, late 
of the city of Hereford, twenty shillings. To Toby Butler, one of the 
children of John Butler, late of Dorson deceased, sixty pounds, to William, 
another of the children, fifty pounds and to their brother Thomas Butler, 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings hi England, 159 

apprentice to one Williams a taylor, seventy pounds. To their sister Mary 
one hundred pounds. To Katherine Butler alias Roberts, sister of the 
aforesaid Evan Butler, five pounds to be paid to her own hands. All and 
every of the said several persons of the sirname of Butler being of my 
kindred. And to all of them and to all other of my own kindred and my 
wife's kindred, except John Hyat, stiller, I forgive all such sums of money 
as any of them shall owe unto me at my decease. 

Item. I will and order that the sum of eight hundred pounds, ster. shall 
be laid out in the best goods and merchandizes fit for New England, which 
I suppose to be woollen cloth and other woollen commodities and linen, all 
which I desire may be bought and provided by Mr. Henry Ashnrst, draper, 
Mr. John Langley, Mr. John Jolliffe aud Mr. Benjamin Albyn, or any two 
of them, and my executors to allow them two p cent for their pains and 
no more ; and I order the same to be sent over to the Corporation for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in New England and the parts adjacent in 
America, to be secured for the purposes hereinafter mentioned ; — to the intent 
and purpose that the value of eight hundred pounds ster., in goods and. 
commodities of that country, may upon sale thereof be delivered to Robert 
Pennoyer of Stamford in New England for the equal use and benefit of 
himself and each of his children; and further to the intent and purpose 
that what shall be made thereof above the said eight hundred pounds value 
in the commodities of that country shall be and remain to his sister Elianor 
Reading and her husband Thomas Reading and all their children equally 
and indifferently. To my kinswoman Anne Cruse, the wife of Richard 
Cruse, near Dorson, seventy pounds and to her son one hundred pounds. 
To William Pennoyer, late servant to Mr. Michael Davison, one hundred 
pounds, if living at my decease. To the poor of Great St. Hellens, Lon- 
don, one hundred pounds. Sundry other bequests and provisions. 

And for and concerning my other messuages, lands tenements and 
hereditaments in the said County of Norfolk,* let to Robert Moore at the 
yearly rent of forty and four pounds per annum. My will is that out of 
the rents and profits thereof ten pounds per annum shall be paid for ever 
to the Corporation for Propagation of the Gospel in New England and that 
with the residue thereof two Fellows and two scholars forever shall be 
educated, maintained and brought up in the college called Cambridge Col- 
lege in New England, of which I desire one of tl.em, so often as occasion 
shall present, may be of the line or posterity of the said Robert Pennoyer, 
if they be capable of it, and the other of the colony now or late called 
" Newhaven" Colony, if conveniently may be. And I delare my mind to 
be that eight years or thereabouts is a convenient time for education of 
each scholar respectively, and about that standing others to be taken in 
their places, which nevertheless as to time I leave to the Master and Gover- 
nors of the said College. Provision for the continuance of the trusteeship. 
A bequest to Mrs. Row, mother of Mr. Samuel Crispe. Duke, 25. 

[Walter Butler, son of Evan Butler of Cusop, Herefordshire, named above as 
beim* in New: England, was probably the Walter Butler who in 1672 was one of 
the 27 purchasers of Horseneck in Greenwich, Ct. He was a legal voter of 
Greenwich in 1688, but his name does not appear in the town lists" for 1694-5; 
though a Thomas Butler is found in that list. (See Mead's History of Green- 
wich. Ct., pages 67, 71 and 70.) The christian name Walter occurs in the Butler 
family of New London, Ct., at a later date. (See Caulkins's History of New 
London, page 342.) 

• In or near Pulham St. Mary, according to a description in a previous clause of the will. 

160 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

Robert Pennoyer of Stamford in New England, named above, was an early 
settler of Stamford, Ct. He had a [son Thomas born there in 1658. Several 
parcels of land were assigned him soon after the settlement of the town. (See 
Rev. E. B. Huntington's History of Stamford, page 59.) It is supposed that 
he was the Robert Pennaire aged 21 years who with Thomas Pennaire aged 10 
embarked at London for Xew England, Sept. 8, 1C35. (See Register, vol. 2, 
page 399).— Editor.] 

Martha Pennoyer of London, widow, relict of Willi am Pennoyer 
late of London Esq. deceased, 16 July 1672, proved 2 July 1674. To 
brother Edward Jostlin one hundred pounds and to his daughter Anne 
Jostlin seventy pounds. To my niece Susan Gwin twenty pounds and to 
her three children now living twenty pounds apiece (they minors). To 
John Jostlin son of Mr. Thomas Jostlin minister twenty pounds. To my 
cousin Susanna Lansdell seventy pounds. Five shillings weekly, for ten 
years, to my cousin Elizabeth Davies, the wife of Benjamin Davies, to be 
paid into her own hands. Her two children (not named). To my cousin 
Andrew Cater, minister at Hide Hall, twenty pounds and to his brother 
Henry Cater twenty pounds. To their sister Cater ten pounds and to the 
daughter of the said Henry Cater ten pounds. Bequests to poor and dis- 
tressed people and families. My cousin Jane Courtman of Colchester and 
her four children (sons and daughters). John Davies, merchant, and his 
son John. Isabel Edes of Ullinghall, Warwickshire. Anne Cruse wife of 
Richard Cruse, of Clifford in the Co. of Hereford. Others. Bunce, 3. 

Rose Disbrowe of Elsworth, Co. of Cambridge, widow, late wife of Sam- 
uel Disbrowe Esq. (aged and indisposed &c). To brother Joseph Hobson 
Esq. ten pounds to buy him mourning — other property — and my great- 
bible for the term of his life, and, after his decease, to sister M ! ' 8 Sarah 
"White. To sister M rs Elizabeth Hobsou five pounds and to her grand- 
daughter five pounds. To sister the Lady Bolton ten pounds to buy her 
mourning. To sister Sarah White the first year's rent of my estate in Ire- 
land after my decease, which said estate was given unto me by my lata 
dear husband M r Samuel Pennoyer, merchant and citizen of London — and 
certain Jewells &c., which are to go to her daughter M" Rebecca Lloyd 
and her other two daughters. To sister M™ Ann Hudson and each of her 
own so) s and daughter. To my brother M r . George Robbins a ring. To 
nephew M r . William White the elder the second year's Irish rents. To 
M r William White the younger and to M" White his wife. To my nephew 
M r Samuel Browne and my niece M rs Elizabeth Browne. To D r Fryer 
and my niece his wife and her children. I further give unto my said niece 
Fryer her grandfather Bolton's locket for life, and after her decease unto 
Anna Maria her daughter; also six napkins marked R: L: To John 
Fryer. To my niece lL Ti Elizabeth Pomfret. To my niece M rs Hannah 
Aldrich the elder. To my niece M" Sarah Pastor. To my niece M r * 
Rebecca Lloyd and her daughter Rose Lloyd. To Hannah Aldrich the 
younger, now dwelling with me. The third year's rent of my estate in 
Ireland, after ray decease to be equally divided between the children of my 
nieces Aldrich, Pouter, Pomfret, Fryer and Lloyde. To M" Mary Sher- 
wood the elder and her daughter Fryer. To M r George Sherwood her 
husband. To M" Dudgein and M" Sarah Baker. To my son Christo- 
pher Mills Esq. and to his lady. To my grandson Samuel Mills Esq. and 
to his lady. To said grandson his grandfather's ring with his coat of arms 
upon it. To Matthew Haliworthy Esq. my grandson and to his lady my 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 161 

granddaughter. To said granddaughter her grandfather's picture set iu 
gold and if she die without heirs of her body my grandchild Samuel Mills 
Esq. shall have the same after her decease. To M rs Hannah Aldridge the 
younger. To M r3 Dye the elder and her daughter M rs Ann Dye. To 
brother Joseph Hobson Esq. my own father's picture and my husband 
Lacey's picture. To my sister M rs Sarah White my Lady Annan's 
picture, and my father Lacey's picture. To the Reverend M r James Dis- 
browe my nephew. To my cousin Surah Kiniston. 

Dated. 28 June 1608. Codicil dated 4 March 1698. Sworn to 25 
March 1699. Proved 21 April 1699. Pett, 56. 

[Mrs. Rose Disbrowe died March 4, 1C98, in her 83d year, and her husband 
Samuel Disbrowe died Dec. 10, 1690, aged 75. See inscriptions at Elsworth in 
the Register, vol. 41, pages 360-61. The will of Samuel Disbrowe is printed 
on page 355 of that volume. — Editor.] 

William Hobson of Hackney, Middlesex, Esq., 13 November 1661, 
proved 13 March 1661. Aged and very infirm. Personal estate very 
small and inconsiderable. Daughter Anne. Son Joseph. Christ's Hos- 
pital. The poor of St Martin Ludgate. The poor of Great Glen where I 
was born. The poor of Hackney. The Company of Haberdashers. 

" Also I give to my daughter Desborow Tenne Pounds to buy her a 
peece of Plate." To my daughter Bolton the like sum. My daughter 
Sarah White the wife of Jesper White. My daughter Ward. The two 
children of my daughter Bannister at eighteen or days of marriage. My 
daughter Sarah White's four children at eighteen or days of marriage. 
The six children of my daughter Rebecca White, late deceased wife of 
William White, the sons at twenty-three and the daughters at one and 
twenty years or days of marriage. My sister Alice Wickes. My daughter 
Mary Sherwood. Farm in Hendon, Middlesex. My manor of St. John in 
Jerusalem in Hackney. My sons in law William White and Patience 
Warde. Son Nathaniel. Grandson William White. My son in law 
George Robins. My son in law Thomas Moore. My son in law Alder- 
man William Bolton. My loving friend Robert Yarway. Nathaniel and 
Anne to be under guardianship. Laud, 38. 

"Laus Deo in London the fower & twentith August one thousand 
six hundred thirty six." 

Edward Foord citizen and leather: of London and merchant adventurer 
of England. To be buried in the choir of the Church of Aldermanbury, it 
being the parish where my house standeth and my residence most is. 
According to the laudable custom of the city of London I divide my estate 
into three parts, one third to my dear and loving wife, one third to my 
child, and the other third I dispose of in legacies, being in my own power 
so to do. I conceive that my mansion house in Aldermanbury, with my 
two tenements adjoining, may amount to as much within 500£ as my third 
part. I give the inheritance of all three houses to my son Daniel Foord, 
he to pay to his sister Rebecca Foord, my second daughter, one hundred 
fifty pounds, and to his three younger sisters, Hannah, Elizabeth and Hes- 
ter Foord, each fifty pounds and to his brother Edward, which was born 
before I ended this my last will, one hundred pounds more than hi3 child's 
part. These are to be paid them at their several days of marriage or 
twenty one years of age. To wife Hannah her free dwelling in my mansion 
house in Aldermanbury, only allowing twenty pounds per annum to my 
son Daniel towards his breeding at schools abroad. Other provisions for 

162 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

wife and son Edward. My wife to pay six pounds yearly to Doctor 
Staughton, ray minister, during his life or abode in Alderrnanbury, arid 
after him the next minister that shall succeed him if the said minister be 
chosen by the parish and comes in with their good liking. To my brother 
William Foord of Kynver a lease which I hold of Mr. John Whorwood, 
known by the name of Wilkinson's lands, at Compton. To my brother 
Humfrey Foord ten pounds and to my brother and sister Eaton five pounds 
to buy them rings, and to my godson William ten pounds when he shall be 
put to apprentice. To my brother Daniel Gouer fifty pounds, to be paid 
him when he hath done with his creditors, to help him in the world. To 
the parish of Kynver where I was born. To sundry ministers, companies 
and charities. 

" Also I give towards the erectinge a free schoole in New England, if 
anie* such worke be done, that the Companie doth owe me, w ch is in true 
right fiftie poundes; and yet I gave fifty poundes towards the worke, which 
I value at nothing; and yet I am content to give tenn poundes more 
towardes a free schoole, there to educate youth, yf anie such thing bee done." 
I forgive Henry Moseley a debt of seven pounds which he owetli me. 
To Mrs. Susanna Bland forty shillings, being doubtful I borrowed a bill 
of store of her husband, John Bland, and do not remember I paid him. 
The rest of my estate, debts and funeral charges paid, I desire may 
be divided, one half to my wife and the other half to my son Edward. 
I entreat my brother Humfrey Foord and my dear friend Mr. Daniel Hod- 
son to assist my wife whom I make sole executrix. To my said friend 
Daniel Hodson ten pounds. 

Three, lines added 13 September 1639 to explain that daughter Mary 
Foord, being advanced in marriage 11 July last to Mr.- Tho: Bunch, with 
whom testator gave a thousand pounds present and promised two hundred 
pounds more the 11 July 1641, is to have no more than that till all her 
sisters and younger brother have as much as she, and then to divide equally. 
Acknowledged by the testator as his will 13 September 1639. Proved 
by the widow 6 January 1641. Cambell, 2. 

Feancis Bridges of Clapham, Surrey, citizen and saiter of London, 
28 May 1642, proved 23 June 1642. To loving sister Elizabeth Benson 
twenty pounds and to her four children, William Risby, Elizabeth Pen- 
nington, Sara Thorne and Judith Risby, fifty pounds apiece. Bequests to 
cousin german Oliver Huntley, and to Huinfrey Huntley, son of cousin 
William. Cousins John Barton, Constance Clayton, and Susan Wheeler. 
Wife's mother Susan Carpenter and brother in law Gabriel Carpenter. 
Sister in law Mary Bicke. Cousin Mr. Charles Offspring, minister. Mr. 
Francis Taylor parson (at present) of Clapham and Mr. John Arthur our 
now lecturer. Mr. Pemberton, minister. Mrs. Mary Washborne, widow 
(the elder). Wife's kinsman Samuel Bonner. Wife's cousin Elizabeth 
Harris. Samuel and Sarah Remnant, the two children of William Rem- 

"Item I give and bequeath unto Mr. Wells, Mr. Hooker, Mr. Peters 
and Mr. Syms (Ministers of New England) the some of ififtie poundes 
towards the enlargement of a colledge in New England for students there. 
Alsoe I give unto the said Sower New England Ministers Twenty Poundes 
to bee disposed towardes the clothinge of the poore in New England accord- 
ing as they in their discretions shall thinke fitt." 

Bequests to the poor, to the city of London, to Christ's Hospital &c. 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 163 

Four messuages in St. Sjthes Lane, London, now or late in tenures or 
occupations of Mr. Remnant, Mr. Simpson, Mr. Mosse and Mr. Heath. 
The manor and Lordship of Lachington Barnes ah Purleigh Barnes in Essex. 
Mr. Daniel Pennington living in Bow Churchyard. My brothers in law 
Gabriel Carpenter, William Beeke, Thomas Walker and Henry Bonner. 
My mother Carpenter. Sister Bicke and her husband. Wife Sara to be 
executrix. Cambell, 80. 

Nathaniel Hulton, citizen and sadler of London, 29 July 1692, 
proved 13 March. 1693. Bequests to James Greene the younger, son of 
James Green my son in law, Richard Green another son, John Greene, 
another son, Margery Greene, a daughter and Elizabeth, their sister. To 
Joseph Scriven. To the poor of Newington Green, where I now live. To 
wife Elizabeth, for life, my copyhold messuage, at Newington Green, newly 
erected and built with brick, where lately was standing an old messuage 
commonly called or known by the name of the Green Dragon, and after 
her decease I give the said tenement to William Hulton, son of my late 
kinsman William Hulton deceased and his lawful male issue (entailed), 
then to Joseph Hulton, son of my late kinsman Adam Hulton deceased and 
his lawful male issue, next to my right heirs. To the widow and the daughter 
of said kinsman Adam Hulton, these two legacies to be paid into the hands 
of my kinsman Samuel Haward. Thomas Crompton son of my late kins- 
man Adam Crompton deceased, and to his two. daughters. The daughter 
of my kinsman George Crompton. My kinsman John Hill. Nathaniel 
Hill son of Edmund Hill deceased. My kinswoman Elizabeth Hill. My 
sister Elizabeth Dickins widow of John Dickins deceased. My kinswoman 
Ann Pimlott. Mary Pickford wife of Mr. Pickford and her seven 
children. My kinsman Robert Dickings. 

A codicil bearing date 23 March 1692, mentions son in law Thomas 
Horrocks, and his wife, daughter in law Jane Perry and others. 

Another codicil dated 1 January 1693 contains the following bequest: — 

" I give and bequeath to Mr. Encrease Mather Minister of the Gospell 
in New England the Summe of One Hundred pounds of Lawfull money of 
England for the use of the Colledge there of which hee is president." 

Bequests to Bridewell Hospital, to Christ Church Hospital and to daugh- 
ter Jane Perry. My body to be interred at Bolton in Lancashire near 
father and mother. Box 54. 

Samuel Holden of London, merchant, 29 December 1733, with codicil 
bearing date 16 November 1738, proved 18 June 1740. My body to be 
buried in my vault in St. Bridget's churchyard with all that privacy that is 
consistent with decency, without bearers or more to attend my corpse 
than are necessary. I give and bequeath to poor congregations what I 
have remaining of Mr. Baxter's Works in the same manner as those dis- 
posed of in my life. To the Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge 
in the Highlands of Scotland one hundred pounds. To each of the. direc- 
tors of the Bank of England and each of the Assistants of the Russia Com- 
pany a gold ring. To the Rev d Doctors Harris, Grosvenor and Watts, 
each a gold ring. To my good friend Matthew Shiffner fifty pounds for 
mourning for himself and wife. To Joseph Fawthrop twenty pounds for 
mourning, and rings to such other of my friends as my wife shall see fitting. 
The rest and residue of my personal estate I give and bequeath to my dear 
wife Jane Hold en, to my daughters Priscilla, Jane and Mary Holden, 

VOL. XLV. 16 

164 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [April, 

share and share alike. To Jane my wife, during her natural life or widow- 
hood, all the rents, profits and emoluments of my estate in the co. of Derby 
for her sole use and benefit; and after her decease or marriage, which may 
first happen, to my daughters Priscilla, Jane and Mary Holden, each one 
third part; and at the decease of any of them the same to be divided by 
the survivors; and after the decease of all to the children of Priscilla, or in 
default thereof to those of Jane, or in default thereof to those of Mary 
Holden. If all should die without children and my wife Jane Holden 
should survive them then the residue to be at her disposal. My said wife 
to be sole executrix and my friend Joseph Fawthrop, merchant, trustee for 
the fulfilling of the same, willing the legacies of my children to be paid 
them at the age of twenty one years or at marriage. 

(Codicil) My will further is that what my estate may exceed sixty 
thousand pounds (exclusive of land) be distributed in charitable uses at the 
discretion of my wife and children, such as promoting true Religion, I 
mean Sobriety, Righteousness and Godliness, without regard to any party 
or denomination, either here or in New England, the relief of industrious 
poor and of those who are aged and friendless or in such other ways as 
have the greatest tendency to the promoting the honor of God and the good 
of Mankiud. 

18 th June 1740, personally appeared John Lewis Hansen of St. Peter le 
Poor, London, merchant, and Henry ShifTner, of the same, gentleman, &e. 
and deposed that they were well acquainted with Samuel Holden late of 
Roehampton, in the Parish of Putney, in the co. Surrey, deceased, for sev- 
eral years next before and until the time of his death, which happened on 
or about the twelfth day of this instant June, as these deponents are in- 
formed and believe, &c. &c. Browne, 172. 

"Washington Notes. 

It was announced on the cover of the January Register that the will of Col. 
John "Washington, the emigrant aucestor of President Washington, had been 
recently found. Both the original will and the original record of it were found 
at about the same time in different places. Mr. Moncure D. Conway of New York 
city, in .communication to the New York Nation, Oct. 2-i, 1889, says: "The 
Eev. E. C McGuire writing in 183G says that the will was then at Mount Vernon " 
(see Register, vol. 43, page 79), and he suggested that search be made among 
them. It was among these Mount Vernou papers preserved by Mr. LawTence 
Washington of Alexandria, which last winter were temporarily deposited in the 
National Museum at Washington, D. C, that the curator of the Museum, Mr. 
A. Howard Clark, discovered the original will. The papers were withdrawn 
from the Museum in February last, to be sold at auction. Joseph M. Toner, 
M.D., of Washington, has made an exact copy of this will from the original. 
The wills of Lawrence Washington the emigrant, brother of Col. John; 
of Lawrence Washington, sou of John the emigrant; of Augustine Washing- 
ton, son of the preceding and father of the general; and of Lawrence 
Washington, the general's half brother, are also extant and Dr. Toner 
has copies of them. The five wills are promised to us by him for the 
next number of the Register. The will of Augustine has never been printed. 
There is, as part of the same record, a copy of the Deed of Roger Gregory and 
his wife Mildred (Washington) Gregory — aunt and god-mother of George, — to 
Augustine Washington, her brother, of the Little Hunting Creeke, now Mount 
Vernon, Estate which she inherited from her father Lawrence Washington, son 
of John the emigrant. The recitals in this deed to Mildred's brother Augustine 
the father of George, makes clear the kinship of the Washingtons and also the 
claim of title to the Mount Vernon estate. 

1891.] JSTotes and Queries, 165 

The record of the will was discovered, about the same time as the will itself, by- 
Mr. J- Warren Hutt, clerk of the county court of Westmoreland, Va., in his office. 
Mr. Isaac J. Greenwood caused searches to be made in this office in 1873 and in 

1889, and Mr. Conway made a search there personally in the latter year. They 
were all unsuccessful. But the search was not abandoned, and in December, 

1890, the old original record book of Westmoreland county, embracing the pro- 
ceedings of the courts, patents, assignments of patents, deeds, fiduciary acts, 
depositions, etc., after having been thrown aside, was accidentally discovered. 
In this volume the will of Col. John Washington was entered. Mr. Ilutt 
promptly notified Messrs. Conway and Greenwood of the discovery, and sent 
them copies of the will. Mr. Conway had the will printed in the Nation for 
Dec. 18, 1890, aud Mr. Greenwood sent his copy to the editor of the Register. 
The record is much mutilated, and there are many breaks in the copies furnished 
by the clerk. It was no doubt from this record that Bishop Meade got his brief 
notes of the will, which he says was much mutilated. The original will, for- 
tunately, can all be made out. 

Mr. Conway has written an article on the Washington family for Harper's 
Magazine, which will appear in the May number. It will be richly illustrated. 
The author visited England last year and collected much interesting material. 
His personal researches have resulted in finding important evidence in favor of 
Mr. Waters's theory, which will appear in his article. We shall lay it before our 
readers in our July number. Mr. Conway's article cannot fail to be interesting 
and trustworthy. 

Mr. James Greenstreet has contributed to "The Genealogist" for January, 

1891, page 145-7, an article entitled " The Ancestry of General Washington," 
in which he makes known to us some of the unpublished discoveries of Col; 
Chester, relating to the ancestry of Washington. Mr. Waters will print this 
article in the nest number of his Gleanings. Mr. Whitmore expressed the feel- 
ings of Col. Chester's American friends, when he wrote in the Register for 
October, 1889 (vol. 43, page 424), in his annotations of Mr. Waters's article: 
" Every one will regret that Col. Chester did not have the good fortune to 
bring to a successful conclusion the investigation which he pursued for so many 
years." — Editor. 



Genealogical Queries. — Who were the parents of Elizabeth Seavey, m. 30 
Nov. 1732, John 3 Jenness of Rye, N. J., when was she born and when died? 

Who were the parents of Capt. John Light, m. 2d in 1748 Deborah 4 Smith of 

Who were the parents of Benjamin Fifield and his wife Sarah? Their daugh- 
ter Hannah, b. 1734, m. Nathaniel 4 Wiggin. 

Who were the parents of Elizabeth Ayer of Haverhill, b. 1748, m. Jacob 3 Ela? 
Their son Joseph, 6 b. 1771, m. 1 March, 1795, Sarah Emerson of Haverhill, b. 
1769; whose daughter was she? 

When did Daniel 1 Ela (b. about 1633, m. in England) marry his 1st wife Eliza- 
beth, and whose daughter was she? Their son Israel 2 of Haverhill, in. 1680, 
Abigail Bosworth; whose daughter was she and where was she bom? Jolin 3 
Ela rn. Rachel Page of Haverhill, b. 1689 ; whose daughter was she? Their son 
Jacob* m. 2d, 1738, Ednah Little, widow of Stephen Gale; whose daughter was 

Who were the parents of Rebecca Law, b. about 1655, m. 1676 Joseph Jewett? 

When was Sarah Barefoote, wife of Thomas 2 Wiggin and sister of Gov. 
Walter Barefoote, born, where did she die and who were her parents? 

Whose daughter was Sarah Piper, m. 1719 Thomas 3 Wiggin, when was she 
born and where died? 

Who was Mary , wife of Jonathan 3 Wiggin? Their daughter Anna 4 was 

born about 1700. 

166 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Who were the parents of David Simpson and of his wife Mary Williams? they 
were m. 1773 in Greenland, N. II. 

Who were the parents of Robert Judkins, b. 1730, and of his wife Sarah Gor- 
don, b. 173G? 

Who were the parents of John Hobbs and his w r if e Sarah (Colcord) ? their 
daughter Mekitabel was b. 1672. 

Who were the parents of Mary Staniels, wife of Theophilus 1 Smith, and of 
their son Theophiius's 2 wife Mary Satehell? 

Who were the parents of Abigale Follet of Dover, N. H., m. 2 Sept., 1697, 
Judge Andrew 3 Wiggin of Stratham. N. H.? 

Who were the parents of Samuel Sherburne and his wife Phoebe Larabee of 
Portsmouth Plains, N. H.? Mrs. Maurice Lindsay. 

Tenajly, XT. J. 

Commander Frederick Pearson, late of the United States Navy, commanded 
a steamer which bore the American ensign and cooperated with the fleets of 
Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands, in demolishing the Japanese forts 
in September. 186-i. For his conduct on that occasion he received the thanks of 
the British Admiral, who, as the senior officer of the Treaty Powers, commanded 
the combined fleets ; and was made by Queen Victoria a Companion of the 
Military Division of the Order of the Bath, w T hich honor Congress, in 1875, 
authorized him to accept. He died suddenly of heart failure in New York city, 
December 23, 1890. Was any other officer of the United States Navy, or any 
officer of the United States Army, ever thus honored by any sovereign of Great 
Britain? If so, who? c. G. 

Lowell, Mass. 

Chute. — Thomas Chute, great-grandson of Lionel, the Ipswich school master 
(ante, page 92), was married in 1712 by Dr. Cotton Mather to Mary Curtis of 
Boston. He lived in Boston and Marblehead some thirty-five years, as tailor, 
trader, deputy sheriff for Essex County, etc. In 1737-8 he removed to Windham. 
Maine. Thomas and Mary Chute had four sons and five daughters. Only one 
son and two daughters grew up and had families. One daughter, Rebecca, mar- 
ried John Bodge, and was the great-great-grandmother of the Rev. George M. 
Bodge of East Boston, a contributor to the Register. The other daughter, 
Abigail, married Mr. Cobham. The son, Curtis, married in Windham, Me., in 
175-i, Miriam Carr, widow of Josiah Worster of Newbury, Mass. 

Queries. — Will some one furnish the names of the parents of the above named 
Mary Curtis; also the christian name of Mr. Cobham? What family had he, 
and what became of them? Who were the parents of Miriam Carr? 

John Chute, brother of Thomas above, went to Nova Scotia in 1759 from New 
Hampshire. He had a brother Samuel, who is reported to have gone to Lower 
Canada and entered the British army. He was probably with Gen. Wolfe at 
Quebec in 1759. Will persons having information of him state what they know 
on the subject? William E. Chute. 

Swampscott, Mass. 

Abraham Browne's " Book of God's Providences to me A. B., of Boston in 
New England," written about 1670, is a MS. for which I have long been in 
search. Any information concerning the same will be most thankfully re- 
ceived. Dr. James A. Spaulding. 

627 Congress St., Portland, Maine. 


Satfin Family (ante, p. 42) — The writer of the article in your January 
number has fallen into an error respecting the "Berceau" of this family. 
Wolvereston or Woolston is not Wolverton near Frome on the eastern boundary 
of Somerset, but 13 a hamlet of Bicknoller, a parish situated among the Quan- 
tock Hills, in the north west of the county. 

In Brown's "Somerset Wills," edited by Dr. Howard, F.S.A., and myself 
(2d series p. 25), will be found two Saffin wills. 

1891.] JVbtes and Queries. 167 

1. Hugh Saffyne of Monksilver, Somerset, proved 27 Jan. 1594-5 by his 
brother William : he leaves bequests to the poor of Monksilver and Bicknoller. 

2. Edward Saffyn of Stogumber, Somerset, gent., proved 15 Feb. 1G20-1 ; and 
there are other references to the family in the 3d and 4th series cf the same 

1628. Joh. Saffin gen. was patron of the Rectory of Lidiard St. Laurence. 

166i. Apr. 2, Ric Saffin A.M., was instituted to the Vicarage of East Pen- 

1678. Hug. Saffin gen. was co. patron of the Rectory of Enmore. 

See " Somerset Incumbents," pp. 162, 366, 395. 

Richard Saffin held the living of East Pennard only for four years and then it 
seems that he moved to Gloucestershire, for we find one of the same name 
Vicar of Berkeley in 1682, in which year his pedigree was entered in the Visita- 
tion of Gloucestershire (see Fenwick and Metcalfe's 1682 Visitation of Glouces- 
tershire, p. 151). From this it appears that he was the sixth son of William 
Saft'yn of Newton in the parish of Bicknell [Bicknoller,] Somerset. In the 
ordnance map of the county, Newton Farm is to be found ciose to the hamlet 
of Woolston, both in the parish of Bicknoller. 

Richard Saffyn died in 1690 aged 53, and there is (or was) a monument to him 
in Berkeley Church. 

In 1596 John Saffin from Devon, gen. fil., aged 15, matriculated at Exeter 
College, Oxford. See Register University Oxon, Vol. II, Pt. II. 215. 

These valuable registers have at present only been printed down to 1622, so 
that I am unable to say whether Richard Saffin was also an Oxford man. 

(Rev.) F. W. Weaver. 

Milton- CI evedon, Fvercreech, Somerset. 

In the January Number of the Register, p. 41, I notice Mr. Greenwood's 
notes on the Saffin Family. I send you the references at which he will find 
further information. In Jewett's Reliquary, Vol. xiv. 235, are several monu- 
mental inscriptions to the family. In Somersetshire Wills, printed by F. A. 
Crisp, 2d series, 25, will be found the wills of Hugh and Edward Saffyn, dated 
in 1594 and 1620, and a further note of Hugh in 3d series, 30. A pedigree of 
the later Saffins, who removed into Gloucestershire, is entered in the Visitation 
of Gloucestershire, edited by Fenwick and Metcalfe, p. 151. It is as well to note 
that in the first generation of this, the word "Bicknell" should be "Bick- 
noller," and that the editors' ignorance of local place names has led them into 
stating that " Wycomb" stands for " Wythecombe," whereas it is only the oid 
form of spelling " Weacombe," a place in the parish of West Quantonhead 
which adjoins Bicknoller. 

Mr. Greenwood states, p. 42, that "Woolverston in com. Som." is " a place 
located on the Frome, just south of Philips Norton." He has jumped to con- 
clusions after the manner of Messrs. Fenwick and Metcalfe. It really stands 
for Wolston, which is a hamlet in the Parish of Bicki oiler. Brampton Ralf, 
in a subsequent line, should be Brompton Ralph. 

An examination of the Registers of Bicknoller and Stogumber, and other 
places in the district, and of the wills at Taunton, would probably enable any 
intelligent genealogist to work out a tolerably complete pedigree. 

G. W. M. 

Beble Family Records (ante, vol. 44, p. 401).— I notice a query in the 
October Register with regard to blank leaves in family Bibles for family records. 
I can add my testimony to the fact that such were inserted in the last century. 
I have in my possession a family Bible, printed in Edinburgh, 1722, by James 
Watson, " Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty" — " cum privilegio" — 
in which two full leaves are left between the Old and New Testaments, filled 
with the records of my father's family (Hon. Wm. J. Bacon), be^inniui? with 
the marriage, " on the 4th dav of November, 1771," of his grandfather, the Rev. 
John Bacon, pastor of the Old South Church of Boston, to Elizabeth, daughter 
of Ezekiel Goldthwaite, Esq., of Boston. The Bible is about 20 x 13 inches in 
size, bound in brown leather, and though of course dingy with age, is in per- 
fect condition. " The Psalms of David, in Metre," are included iu it. 

Utica, N. T. (Mrs.) Cornelia G. Crittenden, 

vol. xlv. 16* 

168 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, Corrections and Additions. 

[At the suggestion of William Everett, Litt.D., of Quincy, Mass., we have 
added this new department to our Notes and Queries. — Editor.] 

Avery and Wiggleswortii (Savage, vol. 1, p. 82; vol. 4, p. 542). — In an 
article contributed by me to the Historical Magazine for September, 1862, vol. 6, 
pages 289-90, I called attention to an error of Mr. Savage in the date of the 
death of Dr. Jonathan Avery of Dedham, which he gives as Sept. 14, 1694. 
This date is at least three years too late. It is true that the Dedham records 
contain the death of a Jonathan Avery on that day, but, unless there be an error 
in the year, a different person must be intended. In the Suffolk Probate Registry 
is found the will of " Jona. Avery Practitioner in Physic & aged about thirty- 
five," dated Feb. 18, 1689, and proved May 27, 1691, showing that he was dead 
at the last date. The will names wife Sybil, daughters Sybil, Margaret and 
Dorothy and brother William Avery. It is probable from the letter of the Rev. 
Michael Wigglesworth to Mrs. Sybil Avery, Eeb. 11, 1690-91, printed in the 
Register, vol. 17, page 139, that her first* husband, Dr. Avery, was dead in 
October, 1690. Mrs. Avery's second husband was the above Rev. Mr. Wiggles- 
worth, but the date of their marriage was not then known. The error of Mr. 
Savage in relation to the death of Dr. Avery led him to express a doubt as to 
whether Prof. Edward Wigglesworth, D.D., born in 1692 or 1693, was not a 
son of Mr. Wigglesworth's second wife, Martha, instead of being, as had been 
stated, the son of his last wife Sybil. I called attention to the fact that the 
second wife of Mr. Wigglesworth died Sept. 4, 1690, so that Edward could not 
have been her son. 

Since my article was printed in the Historical Magazine I have found the exact 
date of the Rev. Mr. Wigglesworth's last marriage, showing clearly that Edward 
was a child of this marriage. A manuscript volume of historical and genea- 
logical matter relating to Braintree and Quincy, collected for the New-England 
Historic Genealogical Society by the late Hon. Jonathan Marsh of Quincy, con- 
tains a record of marriages by the Rev. Moses Fiske of Braintree. On page 224 
will be found this marriage entry: •' Michael Wigglesworth of Maiden and 
Lydia Avery of Dedham, June 23, 1691." 

Lydia is evidently an error for Sybil. I have not found the precise date of 
their son Edward's birth. He died January 16, 1765, in his 73d year, conse- 
quently he was born between Jan. 16, 1691-2, and Jan. 16, 1692-3. Can any one 
furnish the exact date of his birth? John W. Dean. 

Historical Intelligence. 

Founders of Chicago. — A. S. Hubbard of San Francisco, Cal., secretary of 
the California Historical Society, compiled in 1879 a list of the early settlers of 
Chicago. Having met and known personally a large number of the founders of 
that city he purposes to recompile for the information of the visitors to the 
World's Columbian Exposition of 1892-3, this list of those who made their 
homes in that city previous to 1840. Mr. Hubbard desires additions to his list, 
and corrections of errors. 

Genealogies in Preparation: 

Johnson. — Rev. William W. Johnson of North Greenfield, Wis., is preparing 
for the press a book entitled Records of the Descendants of John Johnson of 
Ipswich and Andover, Mass., and would be glad to receive communications 
from any persons by the name of Johnson whose ancestors settled in Essex 
County, Mass. ; also from descendants of Isaac and Josiah Johnson, who were 
living in Leominster, Mass., in 1750. 

Strowbridge, Straicbridge and Morrison. — Mrs. Mary S. P. Guild, 120 Johnson 
Street, Lynn, Mass., is preparing a book on these families. The Strowbridges 
are descended from William and Margaret (Henry) Strowbridge, Scotch-Irish 
emigrants from the north of Ireland, who settled in Middleboro', Mass., pre- 
vious to 1722. Among their descendants are families by the names of Mont- 
gomery, Alford, Pickens, Thompson, Ritchie, Dean, Crane, Fox and Paul. The 
Morrisons are descended from William and Sarah (Montgomery) Morrison, a 
branch of the family never before traced. Price $3. Orders may be sent at 
once to Mrs. Guild. 

1891.] Societies and their Proceedings, 169 

Toicle. — Mrs. Maurice Lindsay of Tenafly, N. J., the author of the article on 
the Towle family in the Register for October, 1889, has in preparation a full 
genealogy of this family and solicits communications from those interested. 

Treat. — The Salem Press Publishing and Printing Company, No. 200 Derby 
Street, Salem, Mass., are about to publish a History of the Treat Family in 
America, by John Harvey Treat, with the English ancestry as far as known, 
covering the history of that family for three hundred years. It will be sold to 
subscribers only. Members of the family can procure copies in cloth by sub- 
scription at 86 a copy, payable on receipt of the book. To other subscribers 
the price will be S7. Upon the appearance of the book the price will be raised 
to $7.50 to all. The edition will be limited to 500 copies, and unless 400 sub- 
scribers are obtained the work will not be published. 

Tfie Whitney Family of Massachusetts. — Col. Fred C. Pierce of Chicago, lately 
of Rockford, 111., has undertaken the task of compiling the above genealogical 
work, to include the descendants of John Whitney of Watertown, 1635. Col. 
Pierce is the author of the histories of Grafton and Barre, Mass., also the 
genealogies of four branches of the Pierce, Peirce and Pearce family, and the 
Forbes-Forbush genealogy. "Will all persons by the name of Whitney corre- 
spond with Col. Pierce? Direct conirnunicationsto 3246 Prairie Ave., Chicago, 


New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Jfassachusetts, Wednesday, Dec. 3, 1S90. — A Stated Meeting was held 
this afternoon, the President, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., in the chair. 

Gen. Hazard Stevens read a paper entitled "An Interesting Diary of the 
Revolution." The diary, which was that of James Stevens, a soldier of the 
Revolution, began April 19, 1775, and was kept for about a year. 

A nominating committee was chosen by ballot, consisting of Nathaniel F. 
Saflbrd, A.M., Albert H. Hovt, A.M., Albert A. Folsom, Myles Standish, M.D., 
and Charles S. Ensign, LL.B. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass., January 13, 1891. — The annual meeting was held this day, 
the president, Rev. S. Hopkins Emery, in the chair. 

President Emery delivered his annual address. He referred to the condition 
and wants of the Society, and sketched the lives of seven deceased members, 
namely, Mrs. Sarah (Stone) Jones, Rev. William Hall, Joseph R. Collett, Rev. 
Dr. Henry M. Dexter, Rev. Dr. Enoch Sanford, Albert H. Hathaway and James 
H. Sproat. 

The annual election then took place, and the following officers were elected : 

President. — Rev. S. Hopkins Emery of Taunton. 

Vice Presidents. — Hon. Edmund H. Bennett of Taunton and Rev. William L. 
Chaffin of North Easton. 

Becording Secretary and Librarian.— Capt. John W. D. Hall of Taunton. 

Corresponding Secretary.— lion. Charles A. Reed of Taunton. 

Treasurer. — Dr. Elijah U. Jones of Taunton. 

Historiographer. — Edirar H. Reed, Esq., of Taunton. 

Directors.— Hon. William E. Fuller of Taunton, General E. W. Peirce of 
Freetown, James H. Dean, Esq., of Taunton, Hon. John S. Brayton of Fall 
River, Elisha C. Leonard, Esq., of New Bedford, John F. Montgomery, Esq., 
of Taunton. 

Dr. Jones, the treasurer, made his report, showing a balance of $518 in the 

The president, Rev. Samuel Hopkins Emery, then read a paper on his name- 
sake, Rev. Dr. Samuel Hopkins of Newport, R. I., at the close of which he 
presented to the Society a souvenir of Dr. Hopkins, being an antique secretary 
used by that divine during his long miuistry. This is to be a receptacle for 
autographs and historical documents from the collections of the donor. Over 
sixty of them were presented at this time, among them autograph letters of 
Governors William Bradford aud Thomas Prence of the Old Colony. 

Capt. Hall, the librarian, reported many and valuable donations. 

170 Book Notices. [April, 

Khode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, November 18, 1S90. — A fortnightly meeting was held 
this evening at the Society's cabinet in "Waterman Street, the Hon. George M. 
Carpenter, first vice president, in the chair. 

Miss Esther Bernon Carpenter read a paper entitled " John Safiln, His Book." 
It was based on a note-book written by Saffln at Bristol, R. 1. He was the 
father of Thomas Saffin, of whom an account is printed in the last Register 
(pp. 41-2). An abstract of the paper is printed in the Providence Journal, 
November 19. 

December 2. — A stated meeting was held this evening. 

Edwin D. Mead, Esq., of Boston, read a paper entitled, "The Work of George 
Washington in opening up the Great West." A brief abstract is printed in the 
Providence Journal, December 3. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Thursday, February 26, 1891. — A stated meeting was held this 
afternoon, the president, James Phinney Baxter, A.M., in the chair. 

Mr. Hubbard W. Bryant, the librarian, reported the donations since the last 

A paper on " The Conduct of Paul Revere in the Penobscot Expedition," by 
the Hon. Joseph Williamson, was read in his absence by Mr. Wm. M. Sargent. 

Rev. Henry S. Burrage, D.D., read a paper on " The newly discovered Sa- 
mancas Map and its bearing on Weymouth's Voyage to the Coast of Maine in 

Rev. Charles R. Allen, D.D., read a biographical sketch of William Allen, a 
member of the first legislature of Maine which met at Portland. 

A recess was taken till 7.30. 

At the evening session Gen. John Marshall Brown made remarks on the im- 
portant part taken by the French in their ellbrts to colonize the coast of Maine. 
The remarks were prefatory to a translation by Prof. Warren of letters of 
Father Pierre Biard. 

Mr. James P. Baxter, the president of the Society, read a paper on " Capt. 
Christopher Levett," the English pioneer who made the first efforts to colonize 
on Casco Bay. 


[Thb Editor requests persona sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when 6ent by 

The Genesis of the United States. A Narrative of the Movements in England which 
resulted in the Plantation of North America by Englishmen, etc. etc. A series of 
Historical Manuscripts now first printed, together with a re-issue of rare Con- 
temporaneous Tracts, accompanied by Biographical Memoranda, Notes and Brief 
Biographies. Collected, Arranged and Edited by Alexander Brown. With 
one hundred portraits, maps and plans, in two vols. Boston and New York : 
Houghton, Mifflin & Company. The Riverside Press. Cambridge. 1890. 
8vo. pp. xxxviii-f-l.lo7 in the two volumes. Price $15 for the set. 

For two years and more, historical students have been looking with eager 
expectation for the appearance of the Genesis of the United States, by Alexan- 
der Brown of the Virginia Historical Society, a work, which it was understood 
would contain rare manuscripts discovered in the Archives of Simancas, relating 
to the early history of the English occupation of North America. 

This work has at last appeared, and justifies the expectations of those who 
are interested in this fascinating subject, upon which so much light has recently 
been thrown by the publication of original documents by painstaking historians. 
Before the advent of Bancroft, how little we had of a definite nature relating to 

1891.] Booh Notices. 171 

the beginnings of American History ! The great historian set an example to 
the historians of his clay, by collecting from every accessible source original 
documents as the foundation upon -which to rear his work, and now students 
demand the publication, verbatim et literatim, of the documents themselves, that 
they may form their own conclusions and not take them at second hand. 

The documents which Mr. Brown presents us in his Genesis of the United 
States, comprise letters from the representatives of the Spanish government at 
the Court of James the First, with replies to them, and documents surrepti- 
tiously obtained by these representatives in London, the want of which has left 
a serious gap in the British Archives. The study of these documents reveals a 
curious condition of affairs at the English Court. Spain, jealous of the attempts 
of her English rivals to found colonies in the New World, was watching every 
movement with eager attention. Her wily agents in London were gathering 
every scrap of news from returning mariners and adventurers, and such infor- 
mation as they could, relative to colonial undertakings, from the King and Court, 
and posting them to Madrid without delay. If a map or document of any kind 
could be purchased or secured by the wily Spaniard, it was forwarded with 
comments upon it to the Spanish King, who was urged to take measures to 
thwart the efforts of England to found colonies, by attacking and destroying the 
colonists, whom Spanish writers assured Philip, the English King declared he 
would not protect. 

Besides the interesting documents from Spanish Archives in these two elegant 
volumes, Mr. Brown has given us extracts from, and an account of, rare con- 
temporaneous publications of the period of which he treats, and a mass of 
biographical matter of great value relating to the men who took part in the 
momentous drama then being enacted. Doubtless the author's view of Captain 
John Smith will not be readily adopted by those who have been wont to regard 
him as a hero ; but while we are in duty bound to award him all the praise that 
belongs to a daring adventurer, we should always remember that the marvellous 
achievements of which he is the hero, rest almost wholly upon his own evidence, 
and that a great deal of the history of American colonization in Smith's time 
has hitherto been inaccessible. Smith was unmistakably a boaster, and'has had 
a too prominent place in our history. Some Virginian writers have extolled 
him beyond reason, and it is well that a Virginian has taken the lead in placing 
him in a truer light. 

Mr. Brown is perhaps too tender in his treatment of James Stuart, a man of 
mean nature; cunning, secretive, penurious, and, if we may believe abundant 
evidence, an arrant coward. His treatment of Raleigh should forever condemn 
him in our estimation, certainly not less in the estimation of Virginians, and the 
documents in the Genesis are not calculated to increase our admiration of him ; 
however, perhaps we should contrast him with some of his brother Kings, 
before and since his day, among whom he does not appear to disadvantage. 
Certainly we must admit that colonization prospered d\ ring his reign, though 
we may be inclined to add, in spite of him. 

To New England readers, the discovery of the plan of the Popham Fort and 
the map of the coast at that early Jdate, is an event of no little interest, and 
these two plans alone are worth to them the price of the work. It is unneces- 
sary to speak of the mechanical excellence of these two sumptuous volumes, as 
the name of the publishers is sufficient guarantee of this; but we may express 
our admiration of the beautiful helio types, over one hundred in number, which 
adorn them. They are certainly the finest which have thus far been issued. 
Without doubt every book collector and student of history will not fail to 
obtain this work to add to his collection, which would be seriously incomplete 
without it. 

By James P. Baxter, A.M., of Portland, Me. 

The Goodwins of Hartford, Connecticut. Descendants of William and Ozias 
Goodinn. Compiled for James Jtjntus Goodwin. Hartford, Conn. : Brown 
and Gross. 1891. 8vo. pp. 798. Price $6. 

This elegant volume is the result of a vast amount of patient and exhaustive 
research. The main work has been done by three careful and experienced 
genealogists. The English researches have been conducted by the Rev. Augus- 
tus Jessopp, D.D., rector of Seaming in Norfolk, England, who has long held 
a high place as an antiquary, and Henry F. Waters, A.M., whose genealogical 

172 Booh Notices. [April, 

genius and important discoveries are so well known to our readers. The 
American portion, by far the larger part of the volume, has been compiled by 
Mr. Frank Farnsworth Starr, of Midclletown, Ct., whose previous labors in 
similar work well qualified him for the undertaking. 

Mr. Goodwin in a brief preface gives an account of the origin of the work 
and the assistance rendered by different persons in working out the problems. 

We have first an article by the Rev. Dr. Jessopp on " The Goodwins of East 
Anglia," to which portion of England the brothers William and Ozias Goodwin 
have been traced. The surname has been and is very widely distributed not 
only over England but over most of the northern countries of Europe, and is to 
be met with in very early times. The Rev- Dr. Jessopp's article is exhaustive 
of the subject. lie finds Goodwins in East Anglia as early as the fourteenth 
century, and he traces, with precision and fulness, the history of the families 
and prominent individuals which he finds there. He brings his record down to 
the seventeenth century, when the brothers William and Ozias left their native 

Mr. Waters's "Report of English Investigations " is the next article in the 
book. His first discovery which located in England the family he was in search 
of was in the will of Robert Woodward of Braintree in Essex, dated May 27, 
1640, in which the testator mentions his daughter Mary, wife of Ozias Good- 
win, "now in New-England." This will he discovered in November, 1885. 
In June, 1887, his contract with the New-England Historic Genealogical Society 
having expired, Mr. Goodwin engaged him to make searches for him. " It was 
agreed upon between us," says Mr. Waters, " that I was to perforin my part of 
the quest in the way I had been accustomed to work for years ; i. e. I was to 
pursue a mousing method, hunting among wills of others besides Goodwins, 
in the hope to discover the objects of our search by side lights." The field in 
Which this work was to be done was indicated by the above'discovery. It was 
while pursuing this general search for Mr. Goodwin that Mr. Waters made his 
recent discoveries relative to the parentage and kindred of Roger Williams 
and the ancestry of Washington ; and he dedicates his pamphlet on the latter 
discovery to Mr. Goodwin, " in grateful recognition of his friendship and his 
liberality in supporting these researches." The investigations in East Anglia 
furnish many reasons for thinking that relatives of the brothers have been 
found there. The will of Moses Wall of Braintree, Sept. 16, 1623, has the 
signature of a William Goodwin as a witness. The signature bears a strong re- 
semblance to that of Eider William Goodwin, written in New England. It has 
certain peculiarities which are found in signatures of Elder Goodwin, and other- 
wise bears so strong a resemblance to them that we cannot resist the belief that 
they were all written by one hand. Fac-similes of the autograph attached to 
Moses Wall's will and of two known autographs of Elder William Goodwin are 
given by Mr. Waters, so that the reader can form his own opinion on this ques- 
tion. Mr. Waters in his report to Mr. Goodwin says : ' I have preserved more 
than two hundred abstracts of wills bearing on your name, found in the Prero- 
gative Court of Canterbury, nearly one hundred and fifty collected in the Probate 
Registry at Ipswich, County of Suffolk, nearly fifty found at Norwich, and 
thirty or forty gathered from various smaller courts. Besides these I have 
examined and rejected many others which did not seem to me at the time worth 
the labor required to make notes from them. I have also made a partial exami- 
nation of Inquisitiones post mortem, Feet of Fines, Claus Rolls, Subsidy Eists, 
Parish Registers and the genealogical manuscripts in the British Museum." A 
selection from the material gathered by him is printed in this volume. The 
research is to be continued this year, on Mr. Waters's return to England, and we 
hope that his persevering investigation of this subject will be rewarded with 
equally satisfactory results as his quests for Williams and Washington. 

A Biographical Sketch of William Goodwin by Rev. George Leon Walker, 
D.D., of Hartford, follows. Elder Goodwin was "one of the strong and in- 
teresting figures discovered through the mists and half lights of our early New- 
England history. . . . The sometimes picturesque and the generally dignified and 
important character of the matter he was concerned with, awakens curiosity to 
know more of him and something of wonder that not more is known." Rev. 
Dr. Walker furnishes an interesting account of the life of this Connecticut 
pioneer. It is followed with a careful sketch of the other brother, Ozias Good- 
win, by Charles J. Hoadly, LL.D., editor of the Colonial Records of Connecticut. 




We have next Mr. Starr's full genealogical record of the descendants of William 
and Ozias Goodwin, with some account of other families of Goodwin before the 
Eevolution. It fills more than six hundred pages of the book. The com- 
piler has spared no labor to make this genealogy thorough and complete, and 
has been remarkably successful in his efforts. He gives full details of the 
biography as well as the genealogy of the scattered members of this family. 
Few, if any, books devoted to the record of a family with such numerous and 
widely dispersed branches are so complete as this. The arrangement of the 
records deserves praise. It is simple and easily understood, and by it the 
descendants and ancestors of an individual are easily traced. Mr. Starr fur- 
nishes three excellent indexes, filling over fifty pages, the first giving the 
christian names of Goodwins with elates of births, the second the intermar- 
riages, and the third other surnames. He gives us ten tabular pedigrees which 
are of great service in showing the relationship of certain individuals. 

The volume is handsomely printed by the University Press of Cambridge, 
and is embellished by twelve portraits of prominent Goodwius. 

The Union State. A Letter to our States-Bights Friend. By John C. Hurd, 

LL.D. New York: D. Van Nostrand Co. 1890. 8vo. pp. 135. Price 75c. 

In this letter, or rather series of letters, Dr. Hurd presents with ability the 

theories antagonistic to state sovereignty. He has studied the subject with 

great thoroughness, and bases his arguments upon historic grounds, and upon 

general constitutional law. While we are inclined to traverse some of his 

statements, and to question his conclusions, we appreciate his candid and 

scholarly treatment of the great problems involved in the controversy. The 

author is familiar with the constitutions of foreign lands, and seeks to strengthen 

his position by reasoning that similar principles and interpretations apply to 

the United States. We think that while he sees clearly and presents ably the 

objections to state sovereignty, he loses sight of the greater and at the present 

time more threatening dangers of centralization. 

By George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B., Xeedham, Mass. 


Henry Atkinson Green, Esq., died at 
his residence in Newbury Street, Bos- 
ton, on -Ian. 8, 1891. He "was a son of 
Dr. Jo >hua and Eliza (Lawrence) Green, 
and bf ra at Groton, on April 29, 1828. 
He was educated at the academy in his 
native town, and in IS 46 came to Boston 
to live. At the time of his death, and 
for many years previously, he was a 
member of the firm of Mackintosh, 
Green & Co. His wife, Mrs. Emily 
(Wagner) Green, died on Jan. 4, 1885. 
Mr. Green left two married children : 
Mrs. Caroline Sargent Green, wife of 
William Amory Meredith, of London, 
England ; and William Lawrence Green, 
of Albany, N. Y. The interment took 
place at Groton. 

Mrs. Mary Ann Stebbins, widow of Dr. 
John B . Stebbins, died quite suddenly at 
her home, 465 W. Broadway, S. Boston, 
Tuesday morning, Jan. 6, 1891, shortly 
after 7 o'clock. She was the youngest 
child of the Hon. Benjamin Whitman, 
first Ch. Justice of the Municipal Court 

of Boston, when that town was made a 
city in 1822. She was born at Boston, 
Feb. 23, 1811, and lived to the advanced 
age of 79 years, 10 months and 14 days. 
She leaves two children, Oliver B. 
Stebbins, a valued contributor to the 
Register and a useful member of the 
New-England Historic Genealogical 
Society, and Mrs. Mary Anna B. Gray, 
wife of ex- Alderman Hollis It. Gray 
of Maiden, three granddaughters, to 
whom she was devotedly attached, and 
one great-granddaughter. " Mrs. Steb- 
bins," says the South Boston Inquirer, 
" was a woman of extremely generous 
disposition, fond of society and public 
entertainments of all kinds, and of a 
sensitive, ardent temperament. She had 
been looking forward to, and had com- 
menced making preparations for, the cel- 
ebration of her 80th birthday on the 23d 
of the next month, a celebration which 
never is to come. Her health had been 
gradually failing for the last two years, 
though she was able to be present at 
the Christmas festivities at the house 




of her daughter, Mrs. Gray, and was in 
good spirits on that occasion. The 
immediate cause of her death was bron- 
chial trouble combined with a heart- 
failure, from which at her great age she 
was unable to rally." 

Mrs. Sar\h Piopati Gardiner Thomp- 
son- died March 8, 1891, at her late resi- 
dence, 25 La 'Fayette Place, city of New 
York. She was the widow of David 
Thompson of New York, and daugh- 
ter of the late John Lyon Gardiner 
of Gardiner's Island. She was born 
Nov. 1, 1807; married May 10, 1827, 
at the Manor House, Gardiner's Island. 
Mrs. Thompson was a lady of great 
refinement and culture, and through 
her long life, extending over 83 years, 
she held a high place in the esteem of 
a large circle of New York's most in- 
fluential people. Her husband David 
Thompson, who was born May 3, 179S, 
died February 22, 1871. He occupied 
many important financial positions with 
great credit and honor, and at the time 
of his death was president of the New 
York Life Insurance & Trust Company 
and vice president of the Bank of 
America. Mrs. Thompson was a de- 
scendant in the 8th generation from 
Lion Gardiner, whose settlement of 
Gardiner's Island in 1639 was the first 
English settlement in New York. 

Mrs. Eliza G. Watebs, widow of the 
late Hon. Joseph G. Waters, died at 
her home, 80 Washington Square, 
Salem, Mass., Tuesday evening, Nov. 
13, 1890, at the advanced age of 92 
years 9 months. She was the mother 
of Henry F. Waters, A.M., whose Eng- 
lish Genealogical Gleanings and other 
cont: .butions to the Register are well 

The Salem Gazette of November 21st 
says of her : She was M the wife of an 
honored citizen, the devoted mother of 
quite a large family, the mistress of a 
home that was noted for its wide and 
cordial hospitality. She was a woman 
of such genial spirit that she drew a 
large circle of friends about her, and to 
the last kept up her interest in them. 
Long after people of her age have re- 
tired from active social duties, Mrs. 
Waters was not only able, but desired 
to visit among her friends, to attend to 
the affairs of her household, and dis- 
pense genial hospitality. She was 
young in spirit, though the weight of 
years rested upon her. No one can 
help recalling with pleasure her cheer- 
ful greeting, her genuine affection, which 
flowed out so naturally, and made Ler 

a centre of attraction for so many years. 
She was a home-maker, and no more 
beautiful sight have we known than to 
see her living under the shelter of her 
roof-tree, far beyond fourscore years, 
the object of the devoted love of her 
sons, the admiration of her neighbors 
and friends ; with ability to think and 
plan, and execute almost as well as in 
the days of her youth. What a witness 
is such a life to God's unfailing good- 
ness and love. We may rejoice that 
she has lived so long, and now 

'Life's blessings &1 enjoyed, life's labors 

Serenely to her final rest has passed 
While the soft memory of her virtues vet 
Lingers, like twilight hues when the bright 

sun is set.' " 

Miss Caroline Qtjinct Wendell died at 
her residence, No. 38 Pleasant Street, 
Portsmouth, N. H., on Saturday, De- 
cember 20, 1890. She was the second 
daughter of the late Jacob 6 Wendell 
and Mehetabel Rindge Rogers of that 
place, and was the last representative 
of her family resident there. At the 
time of her death she was within a few 
days of her seventieth year, having been 
born upon December 21, 1820, at the 
old homestead, in the very room where 
she passed away. Upon the death 
of her father, which occurred August 
27, 1865, she inherited the homestead, 
and continued to reside there unin- 
terruptedly until her death. In her, 
the sentiment of family loyalty was 
strongly illustrated. She inherited the 
historical and antiquarian tastes of her 
father, and it was her special care that 
the old home should retain unimpaired 
the familiar atmosphere of the past, in 
the old-fashioned furnishings of the 
last century. 

Miss Wendell was a descendant in 
the seventh generation (see Register, 
July, 1882), from Evert Jansen 1 Wen- 
del, the first American ancestor of the 
name, who emigrated from Embden, in 
East Friesland, to the Dutch Province 
of New Netherland (the present New 
York) in 1642. She obtained her middle 
name of Quincy from her great- grand- 
mother on her father's side, Elizabeth, 
the second daughter of Judge Edmund 
and Dorothy (Flynt) Quincy of Brain- 
tree, Mass., who married John 4 Wen- 
dell, of Boston, Nov. 10, 1724. On the 
maternal side she came of stanch 
Puritan Lineage, being the great- great- 
granddaughter of the Rev. Nathaniel 
Rogers, minister of the First (North 
Congregational) Church of Portsmouth, 
from 1699 until 1723. 

SPSS • > 

^ ^ 








JULY, 1891. 


By Joseph Cutler Whitney, Esq., of Milton, Mass. 

HENRY AUSTIN WHITNEY, the only son of Joseph and 
Elizabeth (Pratt) Whitney, was born in the house then numbered 
26 Purchase Street, in Boston, Oct. 6, 182G. On his father's 
side he was descended from John Whitney of Isle worth, County 
of Middlesex, England, the progenitor of the Whitney family of 
northern New England,, who in 1635 left his native country with his 
wife Elinor and five son3 and made Watertown in Massachusetts his 
home. He lived and prospered there till his death in 1673, was a 
landholder and farmer, selectman from 1638 for a period of seven- 
teen years, constable in 1641, and town clerk in 1655. Thomas 
in the second generation, who came from England with his father as a 
child, continued to live in Watertown and to hold lands there. His 
son Thomas successively held lands and lived in Watertown, Stow, 
and that oart of Lancaster that afterwards became Bolton. His son 
Benjamin, born 1687, held lands in Marlborough. He was an 
energetic and enterprising man, and was active during the Indian 
disturbances that bore so hard on the scattered frontier settlements 
of New England in the early part of the eighteenth century. He 
died in 1737, at a time when he was making arrangements to estab- 
lish himself in business, in Boston. His widow Abigail (Bridge) 
W hitney took up the work where he had left it, however, carried out 
the plana that he had formed and engaged successfully in mercantile 
affairs in Boston. Their son Samuel, born at Marlborough in 1734, 
followed his mother's example, and from 1755 was in business in 
Boston with a branch in Salem. When in the year 1767 the depres- 
sion that preceded the revolution was felt, he moved to Concord, 
bought a farm, and established a store. He took an active part in events that led to final separation from the mother country, was a 
member of the town Committee of Correspondence and of several 
other important Committees, served as a Muster Master when the 
vol. xlv. 17 

176 Henry Austin Whitney. [July, 

town raised minute men, represented Concord in the first provincial 
Congress, so called, of 1774-5, and was engaged m the Concord 
fight. When Boston was evacuated by the British he sold his farm, 
returned to town, resumed business again till 1793, and then re- 
moved to the part of Massachusetts that is now Castine, Maine. 
His commercial ventures there proved successful, and he died there 
in 1808. His son Joseph was born at Concord 1771. When his 
parents moved to Castine he went to Newburyport, where his uncles 
Cutler were merchants, and found employment there. The same 
year he married Sally, daughter of Elijah and Susanna Collins of 
that town. In 1796 his only child Joseph was born, and in 1799 
his wife died. He then moved to Boston, where he soon established 
a business that though profitable while he lived to manage it, was so 
injured by the embargo acts, that w T hen he died in 1812, at the age 
of forty-one, his estate when settled showed nothing over outstanding 
obligations, and his son Joseph, Henry Austin Whitney's father, 
was left an orphan when sixteen years old — "without a friend in the 
world to whom he had a right to look for assistance and nothing to 
depend upon for a maintenance but his own exertions," as he 
expressed himself in a letter written at the time. His inheritance, 
however, was a keen sense of honor, a sound judgment, and an 
energetic temperament. Before he reached his majority he had 
been admitted as a partner to a business that was sufficiently lucra- 
tive to enable him each year to lay aside something for the future. 
By his careful management and the most strict integrity he gradually 
developed a business of large proportions. His sagacity enabled his 
firm to pass through the financial crises of 1837 and 1857, without 
their credit being questioned. Those were periods when many com- 
mercial houses that had been considered among the strongest were 
obliged to suspend payment. He was a thoughtful man, of cultivated 
tastes, a constant and careful reader, and was anxious that his chil- 
dren, of whom he had but two who lived beyond infancy, should have 
every educational advantage. In 1822 he married Elizabeth, the 
second daughter of John and Mary (Tewksbury) Pratt. She was of 
a happy, vivacious temperament, was a model house-keeper of the old 
school, and was proud and fond of her husband, as he in turn was 
of her. He died at Boston, Sept. 11, 1869. 

Henry Whitney's* boyhood was passed in Boston and its neighbor- 
hood, and his early education was received at private schools in 
Boston in winter, and in country ministers' families and boarding 
schools in summer. His parents moved from Purchase Street to 59 
High Street in 1831, and in 1838 from there to the house now 
numbered 146 Tremont Street. His sister Caroline (now Mrs. 
Hezron Ayres Johnson of New York) was three years older than 
he, and consequently not so much of a companion as his boy cousins, 

* He was christened Henry Augustus Whitney, but his name was changed to Henry 
Austin Whitney by decree of Probate Court, February, 1857. 

1891.] Henry Austin Whitney. Ill 

George Langdon Pratt and Sidney Bartlett, who were near his age 
and were his constant play-fellows. In 1840, with his cousins and 
other Boston boys of his own age, he was at Asa Wing's well known 
boarding school of that day, at Sandwich. His school life there as 
elsewhere passed happily, and in the autumn of that year he began 
to fit for Harvard College at Chauncy-Hall School under Messrs. 
Thayer and dishing. He gave this glimpse of his school life there 
when writing in his class-book at the time of leaving college: — "I 
began to fit for college, joining the class of Cunningham, Ellis, Law- 
rence and Stearns of f ours' [college class], and to begin fitting was 
about all that I think any of us ever did. Lawrence's besetting sin 
was his bad habit of looking at notes during recitations ; Cunning- 
ham was frequently taken to task for warbling Ethiopian melodies ; 
Stearns having hung the teachers in effigy from the ceiling by means 
of spit-balls, was threatened with expulsion ; and we all, as I 
remember, had a propensity for attending auctions during school 
hours. With the exception of a few exciting incidents of this nature 
all went smoothly until the time of our entering the University in 
1842, which good fortune, rather than proper attainments, enabled 
us tc do." 

In college he was a general favorite with his classmates, as his 
temperament and characteristics were such as to win for him not 
only the good will of all with whom he came in contact, but more 
than this, the esteem and friendship of many. In after life he 
numbered his college friends among his closest friends. He was 
Krokodeilos of the Hasty Pudding Club, a member of the Porcellian 
Club, and of the Phi Beta Kappa, President of the Pierian Sodality, 
and Chief Marshal of his class on Commencement Day. He was also 
one of several who in 1844 formed the first college boat club, and 
one of those who took part in the last annual parade of the Navy 
Club. He was at one time suspended for holding office in a society, 
some :aembers of which created a disturbance in which he did not 
participate ; and, while he had his share in many college pranks, they 
were in the main harmless fun and the result of exuberant spirits 
and a quick wit. One that he always laughed over and that is in- 
dicative of others, was when a classmate was suspended, as his friends 
thought unjustly. At the time appointed for the unfortunate to 
leave Cambridge, a barouche drawn by four horses and accompanied 
by four outriders in tall hats and white trousers drove into the Col- 
lege yard. The hero of the day was presented with a pair of white 
kid gloves, which he accepted with great dignity and then seated 
himself in the barouche. The scene was most ludicrous, and of 
course the participants missed no opportunity to make it more so. 
linally, cheered by the students and jeered by the townspeople, 
the barouche and its escort dashed off for Boston. Owing to the 
importance of the occasion they neglected to pay toll at the bridge, 
and finally brought up at the Tremont House. Henry Whitney 

178 Henry Austin Whitney. [July, 

was one of the outriders on this occasion, and while he probably 
was not the sole originator of this prank, doubtless like iEneas : — 
"quotum pars magna fuit" 

A memorandum made by his father in his sophomore year shows 
what impressed an older person as important features in his career at 
the time : — "During the winter vacation Plenry has been required to 
study Latin and recite twice a week to Mr. Gushing to make up 
deficiencies. By his own request he has been excused from the study 
of mathematics. His great fault is wasting his time attending to 
too many things, the want of a fixed purpose, of fixed attention, of 
some regular system. Last vacation he took lessons on the flute 
and is doing so again this vacation." 

In his summer vacation in 1844 his ideas were broadened by his first 
extended journey. This was made in company with his classmate 
T. Bigelow Lawrence and an older gentleman who acted as mentor. 
They visited the principal Western Cities where they had letters to 
and met many people. They also visited the Mammoth Cave, Gen. 
Jackson at the Hermitage, the Mormon Temple at Nauvoo, the 
Falls of St. xVnthony, and returned home by way of the great lakes 
and Niagara. 

He graduated from Harvard College in the famous class of 1846, 
that has on its rolls the names of manv distino-uished men, and while 
his college course was not productive of high rank in scholarship, it 
was doubtless the chief influence that acted to call into existence a 
strong literary taste. Throughout life, literature was to him all that 
Cicero claimed for it when he said, " Iltcc studio, adolescent iam alunt, 
senectutem oblectaut, secundas res ornant, adcersis solatium ac 
perfugium prosbent, delectantdomi, non impediunt foris, pernoc- 
tant nobiscum, peregrinantur , rusticantur : " — For, trained to be- 
come familiar with books in his youth, they were a source of pleasure 
to him as the years rolled by. His familiarity with authors added 
much to his personal attractions in prosperity, and when dark days 
came to his home gave a refuge and solace that otherwise he would 
not have had. At home literature was a pleasure to him, while in 
business transactions it in no wise hampered him. Many a night he 
passed reading and writing, and when travelling he often turned 
aside from the beaten track to visit some literary man, or some spot 
that was usually unfrequented by travellers, but was connected in 
his mind with some noteworthy incident familiar to him from his 
reading. In the country, too, as elsewhere, his books were never 
far from him. 

On leaving college, influenced perhaps by hereditary tendency, 
doubtless by his father's success, he chose a mercantile career rather 
than a professional one. He got his first insight of a mercantile life 
as clerk in a dry goods house, where he was for two years after leaving 
college. He next became a clerk with his father's firm, the house of 
Joseph Whitney & Co., which manufactured men's boots and brogans 

1891.] Henry Austin Whitney. 179 

in several New England towns, and sold them in the south and south- 
west. In 1849 lie was admitted a partner in the firm. After his 
father retired from business, at the close of the year 1866, he con- 
tinued with the remaining partners under the firm name of James L. 
Gorham & Co. till 1872, when the firm was dissolved. Up to the 
time of the rebellion the business was very successful, but that 
caused them to make heavy losses. They lost not only through the 
total repudiation of debts by almost all of their customers in the 
slave states, who in common with the opinion generally prevalent in 
the south, looked upon secession as something that justified the 
repudiation of all northern debts ; but they also lost by the market 
being taken from them where most of their sales had previously been 
made. From this blow they soon recovered, however ; they found 
new markets, and were again successful. But competition gradually 
became close, business methods changed and new ones came into 
vogue among their competitors that to them seemed neither wise nor 
prudent. As a result the copartnership was dissolved and at an 
extremely fortunate time ; for the great fire of 1872 and the financial 
crisis of 1873 both followed within two years. 

In 1852 Mr, Whitney was married to Fanny Lawrence (chris- 
tened Mary Frances), the youngest daughter of William Lawrence, 
a well known and respected Boston merchant who had died four 
years previously, and his wife Susan Ruggles (Bordman) Lawrence. 
Fanny Lawrence, as she was always called, and which name she 
assumed when married, was born in Bulfinch Street, Boston, Aug. 
19, 1828. By the removal of her family to 150 Tremont Street, the 
young people became neighbors and an intimacy ripening into affec- 
tion gradually grew between them. They were married by the Rev. 
Samuel K. Lothrop, D.D., March 3, 1852. Their marriage was 
in all respects a happy one. She was an affectionate wife, a devoted 
mother to the six children that were born to them, and was his con- 
stant companion at home and on most of his journeys whether 
of business or pleasure. For fifteen yean their happiness was 
unclouded, but in the autumn of 1866, Oct. 23, they lost their 
eldest son, Henry Lawrence, by a fatal gunning accident. He was 
a bright, promising boy of thirteen, and his death threw a dark 
shadow for a time over the household. 

To speak more in detail of the literary tastes already referred to : 
Mr. Whitney was always an extensive reader. He read on all sub- 
jects, rapidly, thoroughly, and remembered what he read. At one 
time the study of Milton's writings absorbed his attention, and he 
made a fine collection of various editions of Milton, and works 
bearing on this subject. The authorship of the Junius Letters was 
a question he often puzzled over and never wearied in discussing. 
His interest in this question was first aroused by its being given as 
the subject for a theme, when he was in college. Massachusetts and 
New England history and biography were subjects in which he 
vol. xlv. 17* 

180 Henry Austin Whitney. [July, 

always took deep interest. Antiquarian matters and genealogy at times 
absorbed his attention, and to the study of genealogy, particularly 
as bearing on his own Family, he gave much time when a young man. 
His genealogical gleanings were for the most part privately printed 
and distributed gratuitously among those who were interested in the 
subjects on which he wrote, and to which his collections and com- 
pilations related. Such other writings of his as were published were 
in the form of occasional articles on passing events and historical 
matters, and were printed in periodicals or as contributions to books 
in the preparation of which he was interested. He also wrote many 
biographical notices of friends and classmates for various publications, 
and numerous reports and pamphlets relating to mercantile affairs 
and associations with which he was connected. On the 6th of 
February, 1856, he was elected a member of the New-England 
Historic Genealogical Society, and on March 11, 1858, was elected 
a resident member of the Massachusetts Historical Society. In the 
latter society he served as one of the Standing Committee in 1859-60, 
as one of the Committee of Publications of three volumes of 
"Proceedings," and as one of the Committee on Memorials of the 
Rebellion. In 1863 he was admitted a member of the Prince 
Society. The following is a list of his publications : 

An article entitled "The Descendants of John and Elinor Whitney of 
Watertown, Mass," printed in the New-England Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Register, nine and six pages, April and July, 1857. This was revised 
and privately reprinted the same year, under the title: 

"A Brief Account of the Descendants of John and Elinor Whitney of 
Watertown, Mass.," 100 copies, 26 pages, 8vo. 

He also printed privately : — " Memoranda relating to the Ancestors of 
Samuel Whitney and their families." This was printed in three parts. It 
was not intended for distribution, but as a convenient way of preserving 
bulky manuscript, for future reference. 

"Appendix to first generation," 10 copies, 17 pages, royal 4to. Oct. 1858. 

"Appendix to third generation," 10 copies, 12 pages, royal 4to. Nov. 1858. 

" Appendix to fourth generation," 20 copies, 36 pages, royal 4to. Mar. 1859. 

"Memoranda relating to Families of the Name of Whitney in England," 
10 copies, 11 pages, royal 4 to. 1859. 

" Family papers of William Bordman and William Lawrence." This 
was printed for the use of the Trustees under the will of William Lawrence, 
and was originally intended to be merely a copy of his will, but was enlarged 
by the addition of genealogical statistics and other material, 6 copies, 48 
pages, royal 4to. 1860. 

"Incidents in the Life of Samuel Whitney, together with some account of 
his descendants, and other Family Memorials," 100 copies, 142 pages, royal 
4to. 1860. 

" Early Settlers of Hingham. Extracts from the Minutes of Daniel 
Cushing, with a Photograph of his Manuscript List; also some Account of 
John Cutler, one of the Early Settlers of Hingham," 24 copies, 28 pages, 
royal 4 to. 1865. 

" Wills relating to the name of Whitney in Buckinghamshire and Oxford- 

1891.] Henry Austin Whitney. 181 

shire, England, 1549-1603, with a pedigree," 12 copies, 23 pages, royal 
4to. 18G5. 

" A review of the Handwriting of Junius professionally investigated by 
Chas. Chabot, etc.," which he reprinted from the London Times and wrote 
a prefatory notice to, pamphlet, 1874. 

"The first known use qf Whitney as a Surname," 50 copies, 19 pages, 
royal 4to. 1875. 

Among other work that he did may be noted " A review of Thos. Keight- 
ley's Life of Milton," 17 pages, North American Review, April. 1856. 

Also material that he placed at the disposal of the Rev. Henry Green 
for use in his " Facsimile reprint of Whitney's choice of Emblems. Lon- 
don, Chester, and Nantwich, 1866," for which Mr. Green makes acknow- 

A review in the Nation, Dec. 17, 1874, of John E. Bailey's "Life of 
Thomas Fuller. London and Manchester, 1874." In the book Mr. Bailey 
makes acknowledgment of some information he communicated. 

He was also one of the committee that prepared the volume "In Com- 
memoration of the one hundred and twenty-fifth Anniversary of St. Andrew's 
Lodge, Boston. 1887." 

His library was an excellent one. He became the owner of some 
five thousand well selected volumes and, except his Miltons, he 
aimed in collecting to secure books for the sake of their subject mat- 
ter rather than because they were rare editions. To such historical 
works as were meritorious, but not of a sufficiently popular character 
to be pecuniarily successful, he was always a liberal subscriber. 

His home in Boston was at 54 Boylston Street, from the time of 
his marriage till 1886. In 1854 he first made Brush Hill in Milton 
his summer home, and always went there afterwards, except a few 
summers before 1864. In that year he took the house that he had 
previously lived in there, on a long lease, and in 1870 he became a 
legal resident of the town. In 18G5 and subsequently he became 
the owner of about one hundred and fifty acres of land on and near 
Brush Hill, and in 1882 first occupied a large and handsome house 
that he had built for himself on this place. There he passed two 
winters previously to occupying, a few months before his death, his 
new city house at 261 Marlborough Street, that he had taken much 
pleasure in building. 

He was fond of his country life and the freedom it gave, and 
enjoyed walking and driving. He was a lover of nature and in 
arboriculture took much pleasure. He liked to wander among his 
trees, to watch their growth, to give directions about planting new 
or trimming old ones, and would himself lop any dead branches or 
offensive sprouts that he could reach. His especial care was for two 
chestnut trees that he, his Wife, and children planted from seed a 
few days before the death of his eldest son. Before his own death 
they had grown to be tall and vigorous young trees. 

In the welfare of the town of Milton and in matters pertaining to 
it he took a lively interest. In the excellent town history written 
by Rev. Dr. Teele, in accordance with a vote of the town in 1884, 

182 Henry Austin Whitney. [July, 

which is a model that future town historians would do well to keep in 
sight, he was especially interested. An attractive feature of the 
book is the introduction of wood cuts of the old houses of the town. 
These were contributed by Mr. Whitney. The town appropriation 
was not sufficient to admit of their introduction, and had it not been 
for his thoughtfulness they would have been omitted. 

After his retirement from active business in December, 1871, he 
occupied himself for two years with the care of various mercantile 
and fiduciary interests. From 18G3 he had been a director of the Mer- 
chants' and Miners' Transportation Company, a line of steamships 
between Boston and Baltimore, of which his father had been one of 
the founders. To the affairs of this company he gave a good share 
of his time at this period. In later years he was Vice President of 
the company. He also interested himself with others in the incor- 
poration of the New-England Trust Company, the first trust company 
chartered by the state, and was one of its directors and a member of 
the finance committee up to the time of his death ; was a director 
in the Shoe and Leather Dealers' National Bank ; a trustee of the 
Provident Institution for Savings and a member of the board of 
investment ; and a director of the Boston & Providence Railroad 
from 1871. Besides these affairs he had the care of several estates 
as trustee. 

In 1874 he was chosen President of the Suffolk National Bank 
and served till Feb. 15, 187(3, when, though he remained a director 
till he died, he resigned as President, to accept the Presidency 
of the Boston & Providence Kailroad to which he had been elected. 
His previous connection with the Baltimore Steamship Company had 
made him familiar with the business of transportation, but what was 
fully as important, he had a clear head for finance. The previous 
year during an eight months absence in Europe of Gov. Clifford, 
who was then President of the railroad, he had acted for him ; so 
that, when chosen, he was well qualified to assume the duties of the 
office. He remained President of the company till his death. 
While in general his management of its affairs was marked by con- 
servatism, the stockholders' interests were cared for and guarded 
with an eye to the future equally with the present ; the policy toward 
the travelling public was liberal and satisfactory ; and except for the 
unfortunate accident at the South Street bridge, the company was 
prosperous and unusually free from accidents. When he became 
President of the road the stock was selling at 145, and at the time of 
his death was selling on a basis of 292.* Meanwhile the stockholders 
had received dividends of from six to ten dollars per share in each 

Besides the associations and business enterprises already referred 

* This includes the premium paid by the Old Colony Railroad Company, when they 
leased the Boston & Providence Railroad, which was distributed among stockholders as 
an extra dividend. 

1891.] Henry Austin Whitney, 183 

to, he was connected with various other business, literary, benevolent, 
and social corporations and associations. At various times he served 
as Trustee of the Massachusetts General Hospital, Secretary of the 
Boston Dispensary, Director of the Detroit, Lansing and Northern 
Railroad, Director of the North American Insurance Co., and in 
1862, when Dr. Hill was inaugurated as President of Harvard Col- 
lege, he was Chief Marshal. At the time of his death he was Yice 
President of the Humane Society of Massachusetts, member of the 
Massachusetts Charitable Pire Association, Past Master of St. 
Andrew's Lodge of Freemasons (his grandfather Joseph Whitney 
became a member of this lodge in 1791), Director of the Boylston 
Insurance Co., Director of the Boston and Roxbury Mill Corporation, 
Trustee of the Harvard College Loan Fund, Secretary of his college 
class, an office that he had filled since 1852 in a manner most 
acceptable to his classmates, and was a member of several social 

In politics Mr. Whitney was a whig, and afterwards a republican, 
though in 1860 he cast his vote for the Bell and Everett electors, in 
the belief that there was a way out of the political troubles of that 
time other than war. His sympathies for the negro race were strong, 
and he said his blood boiled when he saw the fugitive slave Burns 
marched down State Street to be returned to slavery : but he had no 
sympathy with the abolitionists of the period preceding the war, and 
regarded them in much the same light as he did secessionists. His 
views as an emancipationist were practical, however, as this illustra- 
tion shows. He chanced to have in his employ in 1859 a mulatto 
who had gained his freedom, but who had left an only son in Nor- 
folk, Virginia, where he was held a slave. Mr. Whitney made an 
arrangement with the father by which he was to buy the boy, and 
ten dollars a month was to be deducted from the father's wages till 
the cost was repaid, lie made the purchase, paid four hundred 
dollars and received his bill of sale for "one mulatto boy," and a 
regular bill of lading for him, when he was shipped to Boston by 
steamer, as though he had been a barrel of oysters. The father 
kept his part of the bargain and worked well and faithfully till more 
than half of the cost was repaid, when the balance was given to him. 

With the outbreak of the rebellion Mr. Whitney became a firm 
supporter of the government and his inclinations were to take an 
active part in the struggle, but he yielded to his wife's entreaties and 
staid by his family. 

He never held political office, but often exerted himself in political 
movements in favor of measures that he thought right, and never 
neglected his duty at the ballot box. Perhaps the only exception 
was his neglecting to vote for presidential electors in 1884. 

In religion he was a Unitarian and Christian in the broadest 
sense. Discarding dogmas, he loved his fellow-men and walked up- 
rightly among them, doing to others as he would be done by. In 

184 Henry Austin Whitney. [July, 

fact he was a gentleman in the fullest sense of the word. As a boy 
and young man he went with his parents to the Federal St. Church. 
After his marriage he became a member of the "Church and Society 
in Brattle Square," and when that congregation dispersed he became 
a pew holder in the Unitarian Church at Milton. He showed his 
independence of character in religious matters at the time he was 
graduating from college as he did in all matters where he thought it 
right, by positively refusing Dr. Gannett when he asked him in the 
presence of his father to become a teacher in the Sunday school. 
When asked his reason for refusing he frankly admitted that he did 
not believe in Sunday schools, as he thought that children had 
enough school in the rest of the week and that they should not be 
obliged to hurry away from home on Sunday morning. His father 
afterwards asked him as a favor to do as Dr. Gannett asked, and in 
deference to his father's wishes he served for a time as a teacher in 
the Federal Street Church Sunday School. 

"While he was a public-spirited citizen and a liberal giver, he dis- 
liked any public notice of himself and never spoke in public meet- 
ings, except where circumstances in connection with business matters 
made it necessary for him to do so. As a conversationalist he in- 
variably appeared to advantage, and as his manners were naturally 
affable and courteous and he had a fine sense of humor, his society 
was in constant demand among the many in his native city who 
appreciated these qualities. Hospitable and cordial in his greeting, 
his friends always met with a warm welcome at his home, whether 
they came by previous invitation or dropped in upon him by chance, 
and many are the recollections that remain of pleasant hours passed 
in his company. His friends and social acquaintances were numer- 
ous, and with young people he was always a favorite. At the time 
of his death Mr. George B. Chase, in addressing the Massachusetts 
Historical Society, said : — 

"The kind attention he showed to children was but one indication 
of a rare sweetness of disposition. To young meu he was always attractive 
for the ready sympathy and generous recognition he showed when they 
came to him for assistance or friendly advice. * * * Yet, after all, it was 
his simple, generous nature, his manly and honorable life — adorned with so 
many graces of manner and of deed, of pleasant wit, of kind thought and 
friendly counsel — that will cause the great number who called him friend, 
long to mourn his loss, and always to keep his memory green in their 

Mr. Whitney was about the average height, erect in his carriage, 
quick in his movements, and walked with an active step. Whether 
driving or walking he would constantly stop to exchange a friendly 
word with passing acquaintances. 

As has already been said his family relations were extremely 
happy. His father lived to a mature age to die highly respected 
after he had accomplished a good life's work, and his mother sur- 

1891.] Henry Austin Whitney, 185 

vived him. He lived to see both a son and a daughter happily 
married and to have two grandchildren near him. But the year 
1SS3 had brought a terrible blow to him in the loss of his wife. 
Mrs. Whitney died at their city home January 28, 1883, and though 
she left with her husband and children those happy memories of kind 
words and loving care that death fortunately cannot destroy, the 
companion of over thirty years was gone and the home was changed. 

Connected with the life of Mr. Whitney there were few if any 
episodes of general public interest. Like his ancestors he bore his 
part as one of the many in the community in which his lot was cast, 
reputably and industriously ; and both as a private citizen and while 
filling the semi-public offices to which he was called he worked for 
the common good. A man above the average in intelligence and 
refinement, who exerts his influence to secure conscientious and 
honest management and stamps with his character extended business 
affairs, as he did, leaves an impression for good not alone on the 
many with whom he comes directly in contact, but also on the 
community to which the example of fairness and honesty is given. 

Respected by his business associates as a man of liberal ideas, 
sound judgment, and upright business methods ; esteemed by his 
friends as a good friend in adversity as w r ell as in prosperity ; loved 
by his wife and children as a husband and father whose thoughts 
were constantly of his home and how he might make it bright and 
cheerful ; and blessed by many whom he had at one time or another 
helped over hard places, he passed a useful life. While in common 
with all mortals he had faults, the good so largely predominated as to 
leave little to be criticized. 

February 19, 1889, while present at a hearing of a legislative 
committee to favor the continued publication of the Province Laws, 
and at a time when he was apparently in vigorous health, he was 
suddenly seized with violent pain and called a carriage to drive him 
home. By the time he got there he was suffering intensely and 
physicians were immediately summoned, but medical skill proved of 
no avail. A hemorrhage of the pancreas, from which there was no 
hope of recovery, had occurred ; and on the twenty-first of February, 
after he had arranged a few affairs that he had on his mind and said 
good-bye to his children, without regrets for the past or fears for 
the future and at peace with all mankind, he ceased to breathe. 
Two days later, after funeral services at King's Chapel, his body 
was buried at Mt. Auburn Cemetery beside those of his wife and 
eldest son. 

His five children who survived him were : 

Joseph Cutler, b. Dec. 7, 1856; m. Georgiana Havward. One son. 
Ellerton Pratt, b. Aug. 21, 1858. 

Elizabeth, b. Mar. 23, 18G0 ; m. James Jackson Minot, M.D. One son 
Constance, b. May 11, 1865; has since m. Franz Edouard Zerrahn. 
Hugh, b. Sept. 7, 1870. 

186 Henry Austin Whitney* [July, 

Besides various mention of Mr. Whitney in the daily papers at 
the time of his death, appropriate notice of it was taken by several 
of the associations with which he was connected. Of these notices 
the more important were as follows : — 

A memoir prepared by Mr. Edward Bangs for the Proceedings 
of the Massachusetts Historical Society, that was reprinted in 
pamphlet form, 10 pages, March, 1890. 

A brief memoir by Mr. Hamilton Andrews Hill, published in the 
Begister of April, 1889, under Necrology. 

A memoir published by The Massachusetts Council of Deliberation 
of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Bite of Masonry in their Proceed- 
ings for 1889. Amono- the eulogistic remarks that this contains, 
are these : 

"The solid qualities of his judgment in business affairs, and the admirable 
executive ability that characterized him, did not more surely command the 
respect of the business community than did the courtesy and frankness of 
his manners and the generosity of his heart towards appeals of misfortune 
or merit." * * * 

" The good mason has ceased to be with us. The good father has gone 
on his eternal journey. His children, his friends, his associates, and the 
Masonic Fraternity mourn for one whose virtues, like pure gold, endured 
the tests of the crucible of life." 

Also resolutions adopted by the directors of the Boston & Provi- 
dence Bailroad, that express tersely much the same idea of his 
character as this memoir is intended to convey : 

"Voted, that the directors desire to express their sense of the loss they 
have suffered, in common with the rest of the community, in the sudden 
death of Henry Austin Whitney." 

"Elected a director of the road in 1871, and serving as its president 
since 1875, he has rendered long, faithful and valuable service which de- 
serves to be remembered. Liberal in his conceptior of the duty which a 
railroad owes to the public, vigilant of the interests of the stockholders, of 
kind and generous impulses, of unswerving integrity in the management of 
the trust confided to him, his performance of the duties of his office merited 
and achieved success." 

"His cultivated intelligence, his ready wit, his genial and social disposi- 
tion, and the courtesy which marked his intercourse with all, won him 
many friends, to whom his loss will bring enduring sorrow." 

Another human life has swept by in the stream of eternity, but 
the ripples it made in the current in passing have left their marks 
on the shore ; 

" And learning lives, and vertu still doth shine, 
"When follie dies, and ignoraunce doth pine." 

1891.1 Positive Pedigrees and Authorized Arms. 187 



An attempt at a List of Settlers named in Savage's Genealogical Dictionary 

of New England, whose Ancestors are recorded in the Heraldic 

Visitations of England, and whose Descendants are 

probably living in the United States of 


By William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

1. Alsop, Joseph, of New Haven, Conn. 

From Alsop, Derbyshire ; in Visitation of Derbyshire. 

Arms — Sable, three cloves volant Argent, beaks and legs Gules. 

Evidence: Will of John Alsop of Bonsai], Derbyshire, 1643, " my 
two brothers and sister now living in New England." The Alsop 
pedigree has not yet been studied as it should be, but there is 
no doubt as to the essential facts. I had taken a note of the 
will before it was printed in Mr. Waters's Gleanings. 

2. Appleton, Samuel, of Ipswich, Mass. 

From Little Waldingfield, Suffolk; in Visitation of Suffolk. 

Arms — Argent, a fess Sable between three apples Gules, leaved and 
stalked Vert. 

Evidence: Will of Robert Ryece of Preston, Suffolk, 1637, who 
married Mary Appleton of Little Waldingfield, " my loving 
Brother in Law Samuel Appleton now dwelling at Ipswich in 
New England." See also Lechford's Note-Book as published by 
the American Antiquarian Society. 

3. Broughton, Thomas, of Boston, Mass. 

From Longdon, Staffordshire; in Visitation of Staffordshire. 
. Irms — Gules, a chevron between three brocks Argent. 
Evidence: Visitation of Staffordshire, 1664, "now residing in New 

4. Bruen, Obadiah, of New London, Conn. 

From Bruen Stapleford, Cheshire; in Visitation of Cheshire. 

Arms — Argent, an eagle displayed Sable. 

Evidence : I am not aware of any contemporary authority, but there 
seems to be no possible doubt of the fact as stated in the reprint 
at New York in 1857 of " The very singular Life of John Bruen 
Esquire * * *" (father of Obadiah), originally published in 1641. 

5. Bulkley, Rev. Peter, of Concord, Mass. 

From Odell, Bedfordshire; in Visitations of Bedfordshire and 

Arms — Argent, a chevron between three bull's heads cabossed Sable. 
Evidence: Life of Rev. Peter Bulkley by Rev. Cotton Mather. See 

also " The Bulkeley Family * * *," Hartford, 1875. 

6. Chauncy, Rev. Charles, of Cambridge, Mass. 

From Yardley, Hertfordshire ; in Visitation of Hertfordshire. 

VOL. XLV. 18 

188 Positive Pedigrees and Authorized Arms. [July, 

Arms — Gules, a cross patonce Argent, on a chief Azure a lion 

passant Or. 
Evidence: Will of Judith Chauncy of Yardly, 1657, "my dear and 

loving brother Mr. Charles Chauncy minister of God's word and 

now living in New England." See also " Memorials of the 

Chaunceys * * *," Boston, 1858. 

7. Chester. Leonard, of Weathersfield, Conn. 

From Blaby, Leicestershire ; in Visitation of Leicestershire. 
Arms — Ermine, on a chief Sable a griffin passant with wings endorsed 

Evidence : Grave-stone of Leonard Chester at Weathersfield, " late 

of the town of Blaby." 

8. Davenport, Rev. John, of New Haven, Conn. 

From Coventry, Warwick; in Visitations of Warwick and Cheshire. 

Arms — Argent, a chevron between three crosses-crosslet fitchy Sable. 

Evidence: Mather's Magnalia. See also " History and Genealogy 
of the Davenport Family * * *\" New York, 1851, and Supple- 
ment to the same volume, Stamford, Conn., 1876. 

9. Davie, Humphrey, of Boston, Mass. 

From Greedy, Devonshire; in Visitation of Devonshire. 

Arms — Quarterly, 1 and 4, Argent, a chevron between three mullets 
pierced Gules; 2 and 3, Azure, three cinquefoils Or, on a chief 
of the last a lion passant Gules. 

Evidence: Succession to the Baronetcy. See also Vivian's "Visi- 
tations of Devonshire." 

10. Drake, John, of Boston, Mass. 

From Wiscomb, Devonshire; in Visitation of Devonshire. 

Arms — Argent, a wyvern with wings displayed and tail nowed 

Evidence: Will of Francis Drake of Esher, Surrey, 1634, "John 

Drake mv cousin William's sou * # # in New England." 

11. Fawkener, Edmond, of Andover, Mass. 

From King's Cleere. Hampshire; in Visitation of Hampshire. 

Arms — Sable, three falcons Argent, beaked, legged and belled Or. 

Evidence: Will of Francis Fawkener of King's Cleere, 1662, "my 
brother Edmond Fawconor that is living in 2^ew England." The 
Fawkener pedigree needs study even more than the Alsop. 

12. Fexwick, George, of Say brook, Conn. 

From Brinckborue, Northumberland; in Visitation of Northumber- 

Arms — Argent, three martlets Gules, on a chief of the last three 
martlets of the field. 

Evidence: His own will of 1656 aud 1657, at London. Perhaps 
the blood is only found here in the descendants of his sister 
Elizabeth, wife of John Cullick of Boston, called Collet in the 

13. Gayer, William, of Nantucket, Mass. 

From Trenbrace, Cornwall, and Plymouth ; in Visitation of Cornwall. 
Arms — Pennine, a fleur-de-lis and chief Sable. 

Evidence: Will of Sir John Gayer of Bombay, 1710, "my brother 
William Gayer of the island of Nantucket." 

1891.] Positive Pedigrees and Authorized, Arms. 189 

14. Hanburt, William, of Boston, Mass. 

From Wolverhampton, Staffordshire; in Visitation of Staffordshire. 
Arms — Or, on a bend engrailed Vert, cotized Sable, three bezants. 
Evidence : Visitation of Staffordshire, 16G 4, " died in New England." 

15. Harlakenden, Roger, of Cambridge, Mass. 

From Earl's Colne, Essex; in Visitations of Essex and Kent. 

Arms — Azure, a fess Ermine between three lion's heads erased Or. 

Evidence: His own will in the first volume at the Suffolk Registry 
in Boston, Mass. Roger Harlakenden had two daughters, but it 
is probable that the blood can only be found here in the descen- 
dants of his sister Mabel, wife of John Hayues. 

16. Hunlock, John, of Boston, Mass. 

From Wingerworth, Derbyshire; in Visitation of Derbyshire. 
Arms — Azure, a fess between three tiger's heads erased Or. 
Evidence: Bassano's MS. Genealogies of Gentry of Derbyshire about 
1700, "living at Boston in New England." 

17. Jeffrey, William, of Newport, R. I. 

From Chittingley, Sussex; in Visitation of Sussex. 

Arms — Azure fretty Or, on a chief Argent a lion passant guardant 

Evidence: His own will, 1675, " mother Audry Jeffrey of Chitting- 
ley." See also Berry's Sussex Genealogies, and Horslield's 
History of Lewes. 

18. Leete, William, of Guilford, Conn. 

From Dodington, Huntingdonshire ; in Visitation of Huntingdonshire. 
Arms — Argent, a fess Gules between two rolls of matches Sable 

kindled proper. 
Evidence: Visitation of Huntingdonshire, 1G84, "Governor of 

Harford in New England." See also " The Family of Leete 

* * *" London, 1881. 

19. Loavle, Percival, of Newbury, Mass. 

From Clevedon and Portbury, Somersetshire; in Visitation of 

Arms — Sable, a dexter hand couped at the wr st grasping three darts, 
one in pale and two in saltire, Argent. 

Evidence: Harleian MS. 1559 in British Museum, " in New Eng- 
land 1639." 

20. Palmes, Edward, of New Haven, Conn. 

"From Melton, ? Leicestershire; in Visitations of Leicestershire and 

Arms — Gules, three fleurs-de-lis Argent, a chief Vaire. 
Evidence: Visitation of Leicestershire, 1681, "in New England." 

21. Pelham, Herbert, of Cambridge, Mass. 

From Laughton, Sussex and Boston, Lincolnshire ; in Visitation of 

Arms — Quarterly, 1 and 4, Azure, three pelicans Argent, vulning 

themselves proper; 2 and 3, Gules, two pieces of belt erect 

palewise, buckles upwards Argent. 
Evidence: His own will of 1672 at Loudon, and a MS. Genealogy 

of 1693, printed in the New-England Historical and Genealogical 

Register, xxxiii. 

190 Positive Pedigrees and Authorized Ar*ms. [July, 

22. Penhallow, Samuel, of Portsmouth, N. H. 

From Penhallow, Cornwall; in Visitation of Cornwall. 
Arms — Vert, a coney Argent. 

Evidence: See "Penhallow Family * * *," Boston, 1885, and 
Vivian's "Visitations of Cornwall." 

23. Phippen, David, of Hingham, Mass. 

From Weymouth, Dorsetshire; in Visitation of Cornwall. 
Arms — Argent, two bars and iu chief three escallops Sable. 
Evidence: Will of George Phippen of Truro, Cornwall, 1650, "my 
brother David in New England." 

24. Saltonstall, Sir Richard, of Watertown, Mass. 

From Huntwicke, Yorkshire; in Visitation of Yorkshire. 
Arms — Or, a bend between two eagles displayed Sable. 
Evidence : See Bond's Genealogies and History of Watertown. 

25. Snelling, William, of Boston, Mass. 

From Chaddlewood, Devonshire ; in Visitation of Devonshire. 
Arms — Argent, three griffin's heads erased Gules, a chief indented 

Evidence: His own will of 1674 at Boston, "youngest sonn of the 

late Thomas Suelling of Chaddenwood in Plimton mary in the 

County of Devon." 

26. Symonds, Samuel, of Ipswich, Mass. 

From Great Yeldham, Essex; in Visitation of Essex. 

Arms — Azure, a chevron engrailed between three trefoils slipped Or. 

Evidence : Will of Richard Fitz Symonds of Great Yeldham, 
1663, "my loving Brother Mr. Samuel Symonds of New Eng- 
land;" also Genealogy of the Family written by Richard 
Symonds, nephew of Samuel. 

27. Thorndike, John, of Beverly, Mass. 

From Great Carleton, Lincolnshire ; in Visitation of Lincolnshire. 

Arms — Argent, six gouttes three two and one Gules, on a chief of the 
last three leopard's faces Or. 

Evidence : Will of the Rev. Herbert Thorndike, Prebend of West- 
minster, in which he mentioned his nephews and nieces born in 
New England. 

28. Willis, George, of Hartford, Conn. 

From Fenny Compton, Warwick ; in Visitation of Warwick. 
Arms — Argent, a chevron Sable between three mullets Gules. 
Evidence: His own will of 1644 at London. 

29. Wlnthrop, John, of Boston, Mass. 

From Groton, Suffolk; in Visitation of Suffolk. 

Arms — Argent, three chevronels embattled Gules, over all a lion 

rampant Sable, armed and langued Azure. 
Evidence: See "Life and Letters of John Winthrop," Boston, 

1864 and 1867. 

1891.] Title and History of the Henry Vassall Estate. 191 


By the late Samuel Batchelder, Esq., of Cambridge, Mass. 

The records of Cambridge commence in the year 1632. 

"January 7, 1632. — It is ordered that no person whatsoever shall set up any 
house in the bounds of the town without leave from the major part. 

" December 2. — Ordered that no person shall fell any tree within the path 
which goeth from Watertown to Charlestown. 

" March 2, 1G3.3. — Granted John Benjamin all the ground between John Mas- 
ters, his ground, and Anthony Couldbyes, provided that the Windmill hill shall 
be reserved for the town's use. and a cart way t>.co rod* wide unto the same. 

"January 5, 1634. — It is ordered that whosoever hath any lot granted by the 
town, and shall not improve the same then it is to return to the Town, or it* he 
shall improve the same, he shall first offer it to the town; if they refuse to give 
him what charge he hath been at, then to have liberty to sell it to whom he can. 

" February 6, 1636. — Granted to Mr. Green half an acre for a house lot next to 
Mr. Cabot upon condition that if he go it shall return to the Town, only paying 
the worth of his buildings and fencing aud breaking up. More granted unto ' 
"William Adams half an acre. 
"Robert Parker half an acre. 
" William Wilcox half an acre. 

For possessions and boundaries of these half acre lots, see extract from Pro- 
prietors' records." 

The foregoing extracts from the Records of Cambridge fix the location 
of the streets. The "path that leads from Watertown to Charlestown" 
includes Brattle Street and Mason Street, as far as the Common, and the 
cart way to Windmill hill is now Ash Street. But the boundaries of 
Windmill hill, according to the records in the Town Book of 1633, reserved 
for the use of the Town, with the cart way two rods wide to the same, were 
not staked out until 1684, when a committee was appointed for the pur- 
pose, who reported as follows: 

" The East side thereof is bounded by Richard Eccles six rods and seven feet — 
the Southerly side bounded on Charles River ten rods — the Westerly side on said 
Eccles's marsh seven rods and a half — and the Northerly side on said Eccles' ten 
rods and four feet." 

By the above it would appear that Richard Eccles had become the owner 
of the several grants to John Benjamin including his marsh, and this is 
confirmed by the deed of John Murritt to Jonathan Remington in 16()a, in 
which a, part of the western boundary refers to Richard Eccles as the 
owner, and it appears also by the same deed that Eccles was also the owner 
of the half acre lot formerly granted to William Wilcox adjoining that of 
Nathaniel Green at the corner of Ash Street. 

In the volume called the Proprietors' Records is the following order of 

"April 1, lG34r. — It was ordered the constable and four of the chief inhabitants 
of every town to be chosen by all the freeman there at town meeting, with the 
advice of some one or more of the next assistants, shall make a survey of the 

* The " Vassal 1 House" was owned and occupied, by rnv father. Samuel Batehclder, 
from 1841 until his death, February 7, 1879J at the age of ninety-four years and eight 
months [see Register, Vol. 33, p. 367]. The original of this paper was compiled and 
written by him in September, 1877. John M. Batchelder, Cambridge. 

VOL. XLV. 18* 

192 Title and History of the Henry Vassall Estate. [July, 

houses, backsides, cornfields, mowing-grounds and other lands improved or 
inclosed or granted by special order of Court, of every free inhabitant there, 
and shall enter the same in a book (fairly written in words at length, and not in 
figures), with the several bounds and quantities by the nearest estimation, and 
shall deliver a transcript thereof into the Court within six months, or on next 
meeting, and the same so entered and recorded shall be a sufficient assurance to 
every such free inhabitant, his and their heirs and assigns of such estate of 
inheritance as they shall have in any lands or houses or tenements. The like 
course to be taken for the assurance of all houses and town lots of all such as 
shall be hereafter enfranchised, and every sale or grant of such houses or lots as 
shall be from time to time entered into the said book by the said constable and 
four inhabitants or their successors, who shall be still supplied upon death or 
removal. For which entry the purchaser shall pay six pence, and the like sum 
for a copy thereof, under the hands of the said surveyors or three of them." 

According to the foregoing order of Court, the claims to real estate in 
Cambridge were recorded in this volume denominated Proprietors' Records, 
which, until the commencement of the Registry of Deeds for the County of 
Middlesex about the year 1650, constituted the evidence of Title to Real 

In the early pages of this volume are recorded the following claims: — 

" Oct. 10 th , 1635. — John Masters in West end. One house with other out- 
buildings, backsides and planting grounds ; about seven acres— the highway to 
Windmill hill South East— John Trollet South West— the highway to Water- 
town North — John Prince North East. 1G35 — John Prince in West end about two 
acres — John Masters South — Highway to Watertovvn North — Highway to Wind- 
mill hill East." 

"John Prince did not reside here, but removed to Hull, and under the order 
passed January 5, 1G3L providing that the lots of. those who should not make 
improvements shoult revert to the Town, the Town proceeded, "February 6, 
163G, to make the following grants (Cambridge Records). Granted to Mr. Green 
half an acre for a house lot next to Mr. Cabot, upon condition that if he go it 
shall return again to the Town, — also granted unto Win. Adams half an acre — 
Robert Parker half an acre — Wm. Wilcox half an acre." 

The possessions and boundaries in these half acre lots are afterwards con- 
firmed by a committee, under date of the 12th of the first mouth 1637, as 
follows : — 

We whose names are underwritten, being chosen surveyors for the Town of 
Cambridge, do for this year enter the houses and 'ands of the inhabitants 
thereof as follows : 

Barnabas Lamson. Joseph Isaacs. John Moore. 

" Wm. Adams, planter, one house and lot containing half an acre, abutting 
on the highway that leads to Watertown, North — on the land of John Masters 
both to the South and West — and to the land of Robert Parker East." 

" To the widow of Bartholemew Green in west end, one house with half an 
acre of land, the highway to Watertown North — John Masters South — John 
Benjamin's highway East — William Wilcox West. 

" To Robert Parker one house with garden and backsides, on the Lane to Water- 
town in the West end — Wm. Wilcox East — John Masters South — Thomas Adams 
West — highway North." 

The possession of the half acre of Wilcox is recognized in the boundaries 
of the two preceding lots, as between them. 

"In 1639 Roger Bancroft bought of Nathaniel Sparhavvk one dwelling 
house with about half an acre of ground to it that the house stands on, with 
all the rights and privileges thereto belonging. Gary Latham South and 
West — the highway North — Robert Parker Kast." 

The wife of Gary Latham was a daughter of John Masters, by which 
means he came iuto possession of the premises first granted to John Masters. 

1801.] Title and History of the Henry Vassall Estate, 193 

The preceding lot conveyed to Bancroft, according to the situation and 
boundaries, must be the same a9 that assigned to Adams (Thomas or Wil- 
liam). I find no conveyance to Sparhawk, but Mr. Paige says there was a 
family comprising Thomas Adams, who sold a house near Fresh Pond to 
Nathaniel Sparhawk in 1638, and William Adams, who owned a house south 
of Brattle Street, and this family went with Hooker to Connecticut. 

Mr. Paige says John Masters died December 22, 1639, and his widow 
died December 26, 1639. 

The claim of Cary Latham is entered in Proprietors' Records, Sept. 6th, 

" In West end — One dwelling bouse with out-houses and seven acres of land — 
more or less — John Bridge North West — Highway to Windmill Hill South East — 
John Benjamin South West — Elizabeth Green, Wm. Wilcox, Robert Parker, 
Roger Bancroft and highway to Watertown North East." 

There is in Proprietors' Records the claim of " John Bridge bought of 
Cary Latham half an acre — more or less of upland, the marsh South — 
Thomas Marriot West — the highway to Watertown North — Cary Latham's 
land East." John Bridge before this had a lot on the Watertown road, as 
the Town 1637, August 14th, granted John Bridge "liberty to set the 
porch of his house six feet into the highway," and the conveyance of Latham 
extended his territory to the marsh. 

Cary Latham removed to New London about 1646, and under date of 
sixth month, '•• 1 646, conveys to Thomas Crosby one dwelling house and seven 
acres of land — more or less — John Bridge Northwest — highway to Wind- 
mill hill South east — his own land South west — Elizabeth Green, Wm. 
Wilcox, Robert Parker, Roger Bancroft and highway to Watertown North 

According to the descriptions and boundaries in the preceding deed there 
must have been at that date six dwelling houses fronting on Brattle Street, 
on this estate — one on each of the half acre lots granted to Green, Wilcox, 
Parker and Adams, and one on the live or six rods of the front, on Brattle 
Street, of the seven acres granted to Masters, which included the row of 
Hawthorn trees at the west of the present house, and the house of John 
Bridge west of the row of trees. It these four half acre lots were laid out 
four ro'ls on the street, and extending back 20 rods, of which there are 
some other examples in original laying out of lots in Cambridge, the fourth 
lot would cover a part of the ground occupied by the East wing of the present 
house, which was not built until after those first houses built before 1640, 
had gone to decay, except that at the corner of Ash Street, which must 
have been a house of some consequence, as it was maintained in a habitable 
condition until it was sold by Ebenezer Wyeth to John Vassall in 1741, and 
on digging six or eight inches below the surface, at the present time, we 
discover the remains of a pavement of small pebbles of different colors. 

"February 26, 1645, Robert Bancroft bought of Thomas Crosby four acres 
and thirty poles — more or less — John Bridge North-west and South west — 
Edmund Frost South-east— His own land (Roger Bancroft's) Robert Parker and 
highway to Watertown North east." 

Mr. Paige says Thomas Crosby resided west of Ash Street, which estate 
he sold partly to Edmund Frost in 1649, and to Richard Eccles in 1651, 
at both which dales he resided in Rowley. 

"In 1640, Robert Parker to Roger Bancroft one dwelling house with a barn 
and about half an acre of land adjoining — more or less — being bounded on the 

194 Title and History of the Henry Vassall Estate. [July, 

said Roger Bancroft's house and yard on the north icest and on the south west — 
Samuel Green on the South east — highway to Watertown North east." 

By the foregoing conveyances Bancroft would be the owner of between 
five and six acres of the premises, and we find no other record of any con- 
sequence from 1649 to 1GG5, except the probate of the will of Thomas 
Marratt, by which " the house and farm where my son John now lives " is 
devised to him, which appears in the Inventory of the estate as, "The dwell- 
ing house and outhouses that was Roger Bancrofts and eight acres of land " 
valued at £56. 

Mr. Paige says that Bancroft died in 1653 without children. We find 
no conveyance to Thomas Marratt, but though he was the owner of several 
parcels of real estate in Cambridge, there is no recorded title to be found 
either in the Proprietors' Records or the Registry of Deeds for the County 
of Middlesex. 

Sept. 21st, 1G65. John Marratt conveys to Jonathan Remington " one dwelling 
house, outhouses and barns, and five acres of land adjoining thereto, bounded 
with a highway to Charles River South east — Nath'l Green. Richard Eccles and 
highway North — John Marratt above said, West — Richard Eccles and Matthew 
Bridge South west. 

In the foregoing deed John Marratt conveys only five acres of the farm 
of eight acres inherited from his father, bounding iu on the west in part on 
his own laud. 

September 22d. 1632. Jonathan Remington for the consideration of £120 
conveys "to Andrew Belcher my messuage or tenement with the orchard and 
land adjoining and belonging containing rive acres, be the same more or less — 
situate and being in Cambridge aforesaid, butted and bounded Northerly upon 
the land of Nath'l Green in part, the land of Richard Eccles in part, and partly 
by a highway — South east upon a highway leading to Charles River — South west 
upon land of Richard Eccles in part and the land of John Marratt in part — and 
Westerly upon the land of Reuben Luxford, or however otherwise the same is 
bounded or reported to be bounded." 

By the will of Andrew Belcher, who died in 1717, Jonathan Belcher 
inherited this estate, and December 1st, 1719, in consideration of the sum 
of £220 conveyed to John Frizzell "all that certaiu tract or parcel of land, 
situate, lying and being in Cambridge, in the County of Middlesex, and 
province aforesaid, containing by estimation six acres, more or less, being 
bounded northerly by the county road — North- westerly by land belonging 
to the heirs of Reuben Luxford, deceased, and Amos Marratt, Southerly 
by John Phillips' marsh — South westerly by a highway leading down to 
the Windmill — and Northerly and Easterly by the house lot of the said John 
Phillips, or however otherwise bounded or represented to be boumded, 
together with the dwelling house, barn, out-houses, edifices, fences, profits, 
privileges, rights, commodities and appurtenances to the said tract or parcel 
of land belonging." 

In the conveyance from John Marratt to Jonathan Remington the 
northern boundary is partly on land of Nathaniel Green and Richard Eccles. 
In the deed of Belcher to Frizzell the house plot of John Phillips comes 
into the northerly and easterly boundary, instead of Richard Eccles. 
Eccles died, according to Mr. Paige, previous to March, 1696. when his 
estate was sold by his daughters, probably to Phillips. This was, no doubt, 
the half acre originally granted to Wm. Wilcox, and now denominated the 
house plot of Phillips, and which was purchased together with what is here 
called Phillips's Marsh, at the sale of Eccles's estate 

1891.] Title and History of the Henry Vassall Estate. 195 

July 2G, 1736. Mercy Frizzell, widow of John Frizzell, Jr., conveys to John 
Vassall in consideration of £1000 "A certain messuage or tenement situate, 
lying and being in Cambridge in the County of Middlesex and Province afore- 
said, containing by estimation seven acres of land — be it more or less — with 
dwelling house, barn and outhouses thereon standing and being, bounded north- 
Easterly partly with Samuel Bull and partly with the road leading to Watertown — 
South westerly with Joseph B. Crackbone — North westerly with the heirs of 
Luxford Fatten deceased and South easterly partly with Samuel Bull and partly 
with a highway to the brick wharf." 

As the above deed conveys one acre more than the deed to John Frizzell, 
and omits the boundary on the house plot of John Phillips, it may be inferred 
that this house plot had become part of the estate conveyed. 

December 30, 1741. John Vassall conveys to his brother Henry Vassall " now 
residing in Boston, New England, late of the Island of Jamaica, planter, in 
consideration of £9050 New England currency, a certain messuage or tenement 
lying and being in Cambridge aforesaid containing by estimation seven acres 
of laud, be the same more or less, with dwelling nousc, barn and out houses 
thereon standing and being bounded North east partly with land now or 
late of Sam'l Bull and partly on the road leading to Watertown, South east 
with Joseph Crackbone — North west with the heirs of Luxford Fatten deceased — 
and South east partly with Sam'l Bull and partly with a highway to the brick 
wharf, or however otherwise bounded, or reputed to be bounded, also all the 
furniture of household of and belonging to the said dwelling-house (one bed 
and furniture excepted, which is to be at my own option), also^one chariot, one 
four wheel chaise, two bay stone horses, and two black geldings." 

Also thirty acres of mowing and pasture land on the opposite side of Charles 

The territory conveyed by the preceding deed did not extend to the 
corner of Ash Street, where the title of the half acre originally granted to 
Bartholomew Green in 1636, after the death of Green and the sale of his 
estate in 1707 by his heirs, had been continued 

through Amos Marratt in 1723 

and Joseph Crackbone in 1728 

and Samuel Bull in 1734 

and Ebenezer Wyeth in 1738 

until it was sold November 27, 1741 

by, John Wyeth to John Vassall in consideration of £260, "bounded 

Northerly by the road leading to Watertown — North westerly by said Vas- 

sall's land, — and South easterly by a way leading to Charles River." And 

March 31, 1747, John Vassall to Henry Vassall in consideration of £700 

old tenor conveys the same property to Henry Vassal]. This completes the 

title to the estate to the Eastern boundary on Ash Street. 

In 1741, at the time of the first deed from John Vassall to his brother, 
and in the preceding deeds, the boundary of the estate on the West was, at 
different periods, John Bridge, Matthew Bridge, Reuben Luxford and 
Luxford Fatten, and this boundary is still indicated by the row of Haw- 
thorn, Elm and Linden trees which probably stood near the western limits. 

July 13, 1737, Rebecca Fatten, widow, gives a quit claim deed to John Vassall, 
for the " consideration of £100 of all the right, title and estate which I, the said 
Rebecca, have or ought to have of, in or unto a certain messuage and tract of 
land situated in Cambridge, containing by estimation one acre and an half, more 
or less, bounded North on the highway leading from Cambridge to Watertown — 
East on the aforesaid John Vassall's land— South on Amos Marratt's marsh and 
West on said Marratt's upland." 

December 5, 17-1G, John Vassall to Henry Vassall "about an acre — bounded 
Northerly on a road leading to Watertown— North westerly and South westerly 
on land of said John Vassal! and Easterly on land of said Henry Vassall." 

196 Title and History of the Henry Vassall Estate. [July, 

The above deed and that from John Vassall to Henry Vassall dated 
March 31, 1747, of the half acre purchased of Wyeth, completes the East 
and West boundaries of the estate. Before this the title to the whole 
territory was not united in one owner. 

It seems therefore clear that the brick wall on Brattle and Ash Streets 
must have been built by Henry Vassall after that date. 

I have found no document or tradition to fix the time when the oldest 
part of the present house was built, but it was probably about the ysar 1700. 
The present proprietor in repairing the house in 1842 found the plastering 
in such a condition that he had most of the house newly plasterud, and on 
taking off the old plastering found that on the front of the house was done 
when the lime was made by the burning of oyster shells, and the mortar was 
full of pieces of shells. The front of the house and the west wing and 
kitchen, one story in height, were probably built while the estate was owned 
by Andrew Belcher, which was from 1682 to his death in 1717. The 
estate was inherited by his son Jonathan Belcher, who sold it to John 
Frizzell in 1719, at which time it must have been a suitable residence for 
a Boston merchant of some note, who gave a bell to the new North Church, 
and whose widow left a legacy of £200 to the poor of Boston. 

While the estate was owned by this family, from 1719 to 1736, the 
house was probably enlarged, and had been so much improved, that the 
estate purchased for £220 was then sold to John Vassall, who found it a 
suitable residence for his family, a year or two after his marriage with the 
daughter of Lieut. Governor Spencer Fhipps. After the death of his wife, 
in 1739, he sold it to his brother Henry in 1741, who was then about to 
marry Penelope, daughter of Isaac Royall of Medford. He continued to 
occupy the estate until the time of his death, in 1769, during which time he 
built the east wing of the house, and no doubt made other additions and 
improvements, as the different parts of the house show that it was built at 
four different times. 

Henry Vassall was reputed to have large estates in the West Indies, and 
lived in princely style, but while he was making these improvements, in 
1748, February 14th he mortgaged the estate and also 30 acres of land on 
the south side of Charles River, to James Pitts for £779. 12. 6, and in 
1765, October 2d, he sold the 30 acres to Ebenez( r Bradish, James Pitt3 
giving a release of the same. 

December 16, 1764, he gave a mortgage to Charles Russell of Lincoln, 
for security for a bond for £SoG. 14. 8, which appears to have been given 
for the marriage portion of his daughter, who was married to Charles Russell. 
He also gave Sept. 7th, 1767, a mortgage to Michael Trollet for £225. 

These mortgages remained unpaid at the time of his death in 1769. His 
widow commenced the payment of them, and received a discharge on that 
of Trollet, Nov. 10th, 1770, on payment of £266. 13. 4. for debt and 
interest, but it is probable that on account of the troubles preceding the 
Revolutionary war she was not able to accomplish it. She continued, how- 
ever, to occupy the estate until the commencement of hostilities, when she 
and her family left the country. They returned, however, after the 
Revolution, and died here, the mother at the age of seventy-six and the 
daughter at fifty-nine. 

While the Revolutionary army was at Cambridge, no doubt this house was 
the headquarters of the Surgeon -General and perhaps a hospital. Doctor 
Benjamin Church, after he was detected in correspondence with the enemy, 
was arrested here and confined to his quarters until his trial, and left a record 

1891.] Title and History of the Henry Vassall Estate. 197 

of his occupation of the house by his name cut with a pen knife on one of 
the doors of his chamber, which is still legible though since covered with 
several coats of paint. 

James Pitts no doubt took possession of the estate under his mortgage, 
as his heirs — viz.: John Pitts, Samuel Pitts and Lindall Pitts, merchants of 
Boston, and Jonathan Warren, Esq., and Elizabeth Warren, wife of said 
Jonathan, in her own right, of Portsmouth, N. H., June 12, 1782, in con- 
sideration of £850, convey to Nathaniel Tracy of Newburyport, the Henry 
Vassall estate, and by the descriptions and boundaries in the deed it appears 
that Tracy was then the owner of the Craigie estate. 

On the failure of Tracy he was in debt to Lane and Frazier of London, 
and conveyed to Thomas Russell for their benefit, Oct. 30th, 1786, his 
property (see Register of Deeds, Vol. 94, p. 385), and Thomas Russell 
conveyed to Andrew Craigie, January 1st, 1792 (see Book 110, p. 406), "a 
piece of land in Cambridge containing nine acres, bounded North easterly 
on a highway leading to Charles River — Northerly on a road leading to 
Watertown, and Westerly and Southerly on other land hereby conveyed, 
being the late homestead of Henry Vassall, Esquire, together with the 
dwelling house, barn and out houses thereon standing." 

Craigie continued to own the estate until his death. During this time, 
by some agreement between Bossinger Foster and Craigie whose sister 
Mary was the wife of Foster, and Craigie having no children, the children 
of Foster would be his legal heirs. Mr. Foster and his family moved 
from Boston and resided in this house some years until the death of Foster, 
which probably took place before that of Craigie, who died, intestate, about 
1820. After the assignment of dower to his widow, an agreement was 
executed Oct. 4th, 1821, between Samuel Haven, of Dedham, and Eliza- 
beth his w T ife in her right, and Andrew Foster of Roxbury, physician, and 
John Foster, of Cambridge, gentleman, and Thomas Foster of the same 
Cambridge, physician, being the heirs at law of Andrew Craigie, late of 
Cambridge, deceased, intestate, for the partition of the real estate of said 
intestate in the County of Middlesex, except such parts thereof as have 
been assigned to his widow as dower. 

In the execution of this agreement the property was divided into four parts, 
and that part denominated share No. 1, fell by lotto Elizabeth Haven, 
described as follows, Book 240, p. 333. 

Share No. 1 consists of the Henry Vassall estate so called, as the same is 
now separated from the dower of the said Craigie's widow, bounded Westerly 
thereon by a line* running from the westerly end of the brick wall on the 
old Watertown road, South 37 degrees West to the new Watertown road. 
Northerly on the old road to Watertown — Easterly on a lane leading from 
said road to Charles River, and Southerly on the new road to Watertown. 

WhiJe the estate was in possession of Judge Haven he made important 
improvements in the house, raising it a foot and a half and uuderoiuninur 
the same with granite, and also made other repairs. 

The present proprietor purchased the estate of Messrs Greenleaf and 
Hilliard representing the several parties in interest, in December, 1841, just 
one hundred years after it was conveyed to Henry Vassall, in December, 
1741. [Signed,] S. B. 

* This line forms the Easterly boundary of the Longfellow Park, extending from Brattle 
Street to Mount Auburu Street,— a diotance of 666 feet.— J. M. B. 

198 Letter relating to the Boston Port Bill. [July, 


Commrmicated by Frederick Tuckermax, S.B., M.D., of Amherst, Mass. 

The subjoined letter may interest some of the readers of the 
Register. The signer, William Cooper, was town clerk of Boston 
from 1761 to 1809, and during that period filled many other respon- 
sible positions with honor. A more extended notice of him may be 
found in this magazine, vol. xliv. p. 56. 

At a Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the Town of 
Boston duly qualified & legally warned in publick Town Meeting Assem- 
bled at Faneuil Hall on Fryday the 13 th Day of May Anno Domini 1774. 

Voted, that it is the opinion of this Town that if the other Colonies come 
into a Joint resolution to stop all Importations from Great Britain & 
exportation to Great Britain and every part of the West Indies, till the 
Act for blocking up this Harbour be repealed, the same will prove the 
Salvation of North America & her Liberties: on the other hand if they 
continue their Exports & Imports, there is high reason to fear 3 that fraud, 
power & the most odious oppression will rise tryumphant over right, 
Justice, social happiness & freedom. And moreover that this Vote be forth- 
with transmitted by the Moderator, to all our Sister Colonies in the name 
and behalf of this Town. Att. William Cooper Town Clerk. 

Boston May 13 th 1774. 


We have just received the Copy of an Act of the British Parlia- 
ment passed the present session whereby the Town of Boston is treated in 
a manner the most Ignominiu3 & Unjust. The Parliament have taken 
upon them from the representation of our Govenor & other persons 
inimical to & deeply prejudiced against the Inhabitants, to try, condem, an 
by an Act to punish them unheard which would have been in violation of 
natural Justice, even if they had an acknowledged Jurisdiction. They have 
order'd our Port to be intirely shut up, leaving us barely so much of the 
means of subsistance as to keep us from Perishing with Cold & Hunger, 
and it is said that a Fleet of British Ships of War is to shut up our Har- 
bour, untill we shall make restitution to the East India Company for the 
loss of their Tea which was destroyed therein the Winter past, obedience 
paid to the Laws and Authority of Great Britain and the revenue is duly 
collected. This Act fills the Inhabitants with Indignation. The more 
thinking part of those who have heretofore been in favour of the Measures 
of the British Goverment, look upon it as not to have been expected even 
from a barbarous State. 

This attack tho made immediately upon us is doubtless designed for every 
other Colony who will not surrender their sacred Rights & Libertys into 
the Hands of an infamous Ministry. Now therefore is the Time, when all 
should be united in opposition to this Violation of the Liberties of all. 
This Grand Object is to divide the Colonies. We are well informed that 
another Bill is to be brought into Parliament to distinguish this from the 
other Colonies, by repealiug some of the Acts which have been complained 

fh ' 

1891.] Wills of American Ancestors of Washington. 199 

of and ease the American Trade : but he assured you will be called upon to 
surrender your Rights, if ever they should succeed in their attempt to sup- 
press the Spirit of Liberty here. 

The single Question then is, whether you consider Boston as now suffering 
in the common Cause & sensibly feal & resent the injury and Affront 
ofler'd to her. If you do (and we cannot believe otherwise) may we not 
from your Approbation of our former conduct, in defence of American 
Liberty, rely on your suspending your Trade with Great Britain at least, 
which it is acknowledged will be a great but necessary sacriiice to the cause 
of Liberty & will effectually defeat the designs of this Act of revenge. If 
this should be done you will please to consider it will be thought a volun- 
tary suffering, greatly short of what we are calld to indure under the 
immediate Hand of Tyranny. 

We Desire your Answer by the Bearer: and after assuring you, that not 
in the least intimidated by this Inhumane Treatment we are still deter- 
mined to the utmost of our Abilites to maintain the Rights of America, we 
are, Gentlemen, Your Friends & Fellow Countrymen. 

Signed by order & in behalf 

of the Committe of Correspondance for Boston. 

William Cooper Clerk. 

N.B. The above was written with the concurrence of the Committee of 
Correspondance of the Towns of Chariestown, Cambridge, Brookline, 
Newton, Roxbury, Dorchester, Lexington and Lynn. 


Communicated by Joseph M. Toner, M.D., of Washington, D. C. 

The following may be relied upon as authentic transcripts of the 
wills of the American ancestors of George Washington. They 
possess interest to the genealogist and historical student, and are 
presented in the following order : First, the emigrant John Washing- 
ton — the great-grandfather of the General. Second, Lawrence Wash- 
ington, also an emigrant, and brother of John. Third, Lawrence 
Washington, son of John and nephew of Lawrence the emigrant. 
Fourth, Deed of release from Roger and Mildred (Washington) 
Gregory to Augustine Washington. This Mildred Gregory was 
daughter of Lawrence Washington and sister of Augustine Washing- 
ton, and the aunt and god-mother of George Washington. Mildred 
inherited from her father Hunting Creek plantation now r; Mount 
Vernon," which she and her husband by this deed conveyed to her 
brother Augustine. Fifth, Augustine Washington, son of Lawrence 
and grandson of John. Sixth, Lawrence Washington, son of Augus- 
tine Washington, half-brother of George and great-grandson of 
John the emigrant and patentee of the Hunting Creek plantation. 
vol. xlv. 19 

200 Wills of American Ancestors of Washington. [July, 

The will of John Washington has been copied from the original 
when it was in a better condition than it is at present, and every word 
I believe is correctly interpreted. The other wills are from certified 
copies of probated wills on record. The deed of Roger and Mildred 
Gregory is copied from the original document. They are submitted 
as sources of history without further explanation or comment. 

Will of John Washington the Emigrant. 

In the name god amen, I John Washington of Washington parish in y e 
Countie of westmerland in Virginia, gen 1 , being of good & perfect memory, 
thankes be unto Almighty god (for it) & Calleing to remembrance the uucer- 
taine estate of this trans[itory] life, & that all flesh must yeild unto death, 
when it shall plea[se] god for to Call, doe make Constitute ordaine & de- 
clare this my last will & testament in maner & forme following, re- 
voaki[ng] & anulling by thes presents all & every testament & testam[ents] 
will or wills heirtofore by me made & declared ei[ther] by [oath] or by 
writing & this to be taken only for my last will & testament & noe other, 
& first being hartily & sorry from the bottome of my hart for my sins past, 
most humbly desireing forgivenes of the same from the Almighty god (my 
saviour) & redeimer in whome & by the meritts of Jesus Christ, I trust 
& beleive assuredly to be saved & to have full remission & forgiveness of 
all my sins & y t my soule w th my body at the generall day of ressurriction 
shall arise againe w tn Joy & through the merrits of Christ death & pas- 
sion, posses & inherit the Kingdom of heaven, prepared for his ellect & 
Chossen & my body to be buried on y e plantation wheirr I now Live, by 
the side of my wife y l is already buried & two Children of mine & now 
for the setling of my temporall estate & such goods Chatles & debts as it 
hath pleased god far above my deserts to bestow uppon me, I doe order 
give & dispose the same in maner & forme follovveing — 

first I will y* all those debts & duties y* I owe in right or Consience to any 
maner of person or persons w'soever shall be well & truly Contented & 
payd or ordained to be payd by my executors — herein after named — 

Imprimis I give & [be]quea[th] unto my eldest [son Lawrence Wash-] 
ington y* seat of land wheiron Henery flagg liveth [ 7 ch I bought of John] 
watts & Robert Hedges, being by patten seven hundre[d] ac[res] it being 
by my father pope made over to me & my heirs Lawfully begotten of my 
body — 

Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington my watter mill w^ all 
appertinances & Land belonging to it a' the head of Rosiers Creik to him 
& his heirs for ever, reserveing to my wife her thirds dureing her Life — 

Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington y* seate of Land w ch I 
bought of M r Lewis marcum being about two hundred & fifty acres, at the 
mouth of rosiers Creik on y e northwest side, w th all the houseing their unto 
belonging to him & his heirs for ever reserveing to my wife her thirds 
dureing her Life — 

Item I give unto my sou Lawrence Washington y t seate of Land at upper 
machotick w ch I bought of M r Anthony Bridges & M r John Rosier, being 
about nine hundred acres to him & his heir3 for ever, reserveing to my 
wife her thirds dureing her life — 

Item I give unto my son Lawrence Washington my halfe & share of five 
thousand acres of Land in Stafford County w ch is betwixt Coll Nicolas 

1891.] Wills of American Ancestors of Washington. 201 

spencer & rnyselfe w cb we [are engaged] y* their shall be no benifit taken 
by survivour ship to him & his [heirs] for [ever]. 

Item I doe give unto my son John Washington y* plantation wheiron I 
now Live w ch I bought of David Anderson & y* plantation next to M r John 
Foxhall y' I bought (w ch was Ric d Hills) to him & his heirs for ever & y* 
seate of Land of about four hundred acres w ch lyeth uppon y e head of 
Rappahaneck Creik & adJoyning uppon David norways orphants Land the 
Land being formerly John whetstous & sold to me to him & his heirs f[o]r 
ever reserveiDg to my wife her thirds of the afoare sayd Land dureing her 
Item I give unto my son John Washington y* seate of Land w ch Robert 
foster now Liveth on being about three hundred acres to him & his heirs 
forever, Likewise I give unto my sayd son John Washington y t seat of Land 
w ch Robert Richards Liveth on w ch I had of my bro : Lawrence Washington 
being about three hundred & fifty acres to him & his heirs for ever reserve- 
ing to my wife her thirds of the two sayd tracts of La[n]d dureing her life- 
Item I give & bequeath unto my daughter An Washington y* seate of 
Land y t tract of Land y* Tho: Jordan now liveth on being about twelve 
hundred acres to her & her heirs for ever, Likewise I give & bequeath 
unto my sayd daughter that tract of Laud wheiron John frier now Liveth 
being about fourtein hundred acres after M r fricke hath his quantity out of 
it to her & her heirs for ever reserving to my wife her thirds of the two 
above seates dureing her Life. 

Item I give unto my sayd daughter, w ch was her mothers desire & my 
promise, y* Cash in y e new parlour & the Diamond ring & her mothers 
rings & the white quilt & the white Curtains & Vallians — 

And as for the rest of my personall estate after my debts & dues are 
sattisfied Justly, w ch I desire should be satisfied out of my Cropps, which I 
doe not question but will be far more than I doe owe (thanks be unto god 
for it) theirfore it is my desire y* my estate should not Come to any ap- 
praisement, but I order & bequeath a followeth y* is to say that their shall 
be a Just Inventory & List taken of my personall estate y* I am possessed 
of & for to be devided in quantitie & quallitie by three men of Judgement 
w ch I request the Court to nominate, into foure [par]ts to be equall & pro- 
portiorable devided in quantitie & qualitie the one fourth part I give to my 
LoveiLg wife in Kind in Lew of her dower or Claime, & one fourth part 
to my soil Lawrence Washington in Kind, & one fourth part to my 
son John Washington in Kind, & one fourth part to my daughter 
An Washington in Kind to them & either of them severally & their heirs 
for ever & it is my will y* if either of my above sayd Children should 
happen to dy, before they obtaine the age of one & twenty years or day of 
marriadge then the Land of y* Child y t Dyeth to be tho eldest sou then 
Liyeing, & if both my sons should dy then the Land to be my daughter 
An, & as for the personall estate if any of my three Children should hap- 
pen to dy, before they Come of age or day of marriadge, then it is my will 
that the two surviveing Children should equally devide the personall estate 
of y l Child y' is dead betwixt them & theirs for ever 

Item I give & bequeath after all my legacies payd out w' mony I shall 
have in England to my son Lawrence washingtou 

[Ite]m my desire is y* their may be a funerall sermon preached [at y 6 
Ch]urch & that their be no other funerall Lest y° [fuu]erall exceid four 
thousand pounds of [Tobb] co . 

Item I give unto the Lower Church of Washington] parish [y] c ten 

202 Wills of American Ancestors of Washington, [July, 

Comandements & the Kings amies w ch is my desire should be sent for out 
of w* mony I have in England 

Item it is my desire y* w* estate I shall dy possessed should be Kept 
Intire w th out deviding untill all debts & dues be payd & sattisfied 

Item I give unto my bro: Lawrence Washington four thousand pounds 
of tobb co & Cuske — 

Item I give unto my nephew John Washington my godson eldest son to 
my bro: Lawrence w[as]hington one young mure of two years old — 

Item it is my desire y c when my estate is devided in quantitie & qualitie 
into four equall parts. & y l my wife hath taken her fourth part, y* then 
every Childs part should be put out uppon their owne plantation or planta- 
tions theire for to [be] manadged to the best advantage, for the bringing up 
& educating o[f each Chil]d aec[ordi]ng to the proint of each Childrens 
share — 

Item it is my desire y* my wife should have the bringing up of my 
daughter Ah Washington untill my son Lawrence Comes of age or her day 
of marriadge & my wife for to have the manadgement of her part to my 
daughters best advantadge 

Item I doe give to my bro: Thomas Pope ten pounds out of y* mony I 
have in Englaud 

Item I doe give unto my sister marthaw Washington ten pounds out of 
y* mony I have in England & w* soever else she shall be oweing to me for 
transporteing her self into this Country & a years accomodation after her 
Coming in & four thousand pounds of Tobb co & Caske — 

Item it is my desire y* my bro : Thomas Pope have the bringing up of 
my son John Washington & for to have the manadgement of his estate to 
my sons best advantadge untill be of age of one & twenty years or day 
of marriadge — 

finally I doe ordaine & appoint my bro: m r Lawrence Washington & my 
son Lawrence Washington & my Loveing wife m r3 Ah Washington my 
whole & soale executors of this my last will & testament as witness my 
hand& seale this 21 th of 7ber 167 5. John - Washington. 

signed <$c sealed in y e proued by y e Oath of 

presence of us — Cap a Jn° Lord Cap 8, 

John Lord Jn° Appleton Being deces d 

John Appleton 

[The following endorsement is on the back of this "will in the hand-writing 
of General Washington : 

Will— -L* Col 

John Washington 

11 th Sep' 1675. 

This further endorsement but in a different hand is also on the back: — "Re- 
corded in y e County records of Westmoreland Co y e 10 Jan'y 1677." — J. at. T. 

The original of the above will of John Washington, the emigrant ancestor 
of President Washington, was preserved among the General's papers at Mount 
Vernon. After the sale of the estate in 1858 to the Ladies' Mount Vernon 
Association of the Union, the papers and other relics were removed by the 
owner. Some of them were exhibitd at the United States National Museum at 
Washington, for a few weeks, last winter, but were removed in February last 
to be sold. A catalogue was prepared and printed, and on Tuesday, Wednesday 
and Thursday, April 21st, 22d and 23d, 1891, the collection was sold at auction 
in Philadelphia by Thomas Birch's Sons. The relics brought very high prices. 
This will was sold to Mr. Collins for .$700. The original of the release of Roger 
and Mildred Gregory here printed was in the same collection. The relics sold 

1891.] Wills of American Ancestors of Washington. 203 

were owned by Messrs. Lawrence "Washington, Bushrod C. Washington, Thomas 
B. Washington and J. R. C. Lewis. 

Much search has been made for about a dozen years for this original will 
of the Virginia emigrant, John Washington. In 1878 Mr. James Coleman, the 
well known genealogical bookseller in London, advertised for sale a deed of 
certain real estate in London, from John Washington of London, citizen and 
draper, and Margaret his wife one of the daughters of Henry Harwood, gent., to 
Robert Abbott, citizen and scrivener. The deed was dated June 5, 1057. A 
deed of a John Washington, dated 1G57, probably this one, came about 1878 
into the possession of the late Col. Joseph L. Chester, who conjectured that this 
John Washington might be the Virginia emigrant, selling his property before 
leaving England, and as he knew his ancestry, he wished to procure an auto- 
graph of the emigrant, or a tracing of one, to compare with the signature to 
the deed. He wrote to Mr. Eobert A. Brock of Richmond, Virginia, to the 
editor of the Register, and to others in this country, asking tiiera to assist 
him in procuring one. Mr. Brock had search made in the Westmoreland 
County Court House for the will, but neither the original nor the record was 
to be found there. Bishop Meade in his Old Churches, Ministers and Families 
in Virginia, .published in 1857 (vol. 2, page 167), had printed an abstract of the 
will which was obtained from the papers at that Court House. This abstract 
must have been made from the record, as we now know that the original will 
was then in the possession of the family. But even the record book could not 
then be found in the office ; and it was not discovered till last December, when 
Mr. J. Warren Hutt, the clerk, found it. He at once sent a copy to Mr. Mon- 
cure D. Conway and another to Mr. Isaac J. Greenwood. (See Register, vol. 
45, pp. 164-5.) Mr. Conway communicated his copy to the New" York Nation, 
in which paper it was printed December 18, 1890. Mr. Greenwood sent his 
copy to the editor of the Register. The record was much mutilated, portions 
of it being missing. Before Mr. Greenwood's copy of the record could be 
printed, the editor was informed of Dr. Toner's copy from the original, in 
which the missing portions are all found; and he has now the pleasure of lay- 
ing it before his readers with other interesting Washington documents. The 
date on the original will looks like 21th, and the recorder read the figures 21 ; 
but Gen. Washington's minute is "11 th Sept 1G75." The record gives the date 
of probate 1; 10 th ~Jana: 1677." 

This is the first time a perfect copy of the will has appeared in print. A fac- 
simile of the original was taken by the National Museum in Washington, and an- 
other is given in Messrs. Thomas Birch's Sons' sale catalogue, from which we 
have had photo-engravings made of a few lines of the closing portion with all 
the signatures : of the minute of the probate of the will ; and of the endorsement 
by President Washington. The fac-similes are given in the engraving facing 
page 199.— Editor.] 

The Will of Lawrence Washington, Emigrant. 

In the name of God, Amen. 

I, Lawrence Washington, of the county of Rapp ak , being sick & weak 
in body, but of sound and perfect memory, do make & ordain this, my last 
will & testament, hereby revoking, annulling, & making void all former 
wills and Coddicills, heretofore by me made, either by word or writing, & 
this only to be taken for my last will & testament. Iinp Ta I give and be- 
queath my soul into the hands of Almighty God, hoping and trusting 
through the mercy of Jesus Christ, my one Savio r and redeemer, to receive 
full ptrdon & forgiveness of all my sinns, and my body to the earth, to be 
buried in comely & decent manner, by my Executrix hereafter named, & 
for my wordly goods I thus dispose them. Item, 

I give and bequeath unto my loving daughter, Mary Washington, my 
whole estate in England, both reall and personall, to her & the heirs of 
her body, lawfully begotten, forever, to be delivered into her possession 
imediately after my decease, by my Executrix hereafter named. I give 
and bequeath unto my afores d daughter, Mary Washington, my smallest 
vol. xlv. 19* 

204 Wills of American Ancestors of Washington. [July, 

stone ring & one silver cup, now in my possession, to her & her heirs, 
forever, to be delivered to her imediately after my decease. I give and 
bequeath unto my loveing son, John Washington, all my bookes to him & 
his heirs, forever, to be delivered to him when he shall come to the age of 
Twenty-one yeares. I give and bequeath unto my son, John, & daughter, 
Ann Washington, all the rest of my plate, but what is before exprest to 
be equally divided between them, & delivered into their possession when 
they come of age. 

Item, my will is, that all my debts which of right & Justice I owe to 
any man be Justly & truly paid, as allso my funerall expenses, after which 
my will is, that all my whole estate, both reall & personall, be equally 
devided between my loving wife, Jane Washington, & the two children 
God hath given me by her Viz 1 John & Ann Washington. I give & be- 
queath it all to them, & the heires of their bodies, lawfully begotten, forever, 
my sonn's part to be delivered to him when he comes of age, & my daughter's 
part when she comes of age or day of marriage, which shall first happen. 

Item, my will is, that that land which became due to me in right of my 
wife, lying on the south side of the river, formerly belonging to Capt. 
Alexander Flemming, & commonly known by the name of West Falco, be 
sold by my Executrix hereafter named, for the payment of my debts, 
immediately after my decease. 

Item, my will is, that the land I have formerly entred with Capt. W m 
Mosely, be forthwith after my decease, surveyed & pattented by my Exec* 
hereafter named, & if it shall amount to the quantity of one thousand acres, 
then I give & bequeath unto Alexander Barrow, tw T o hundred acres of the 
s d land, to him & his heires, forever, the remainder I give & bequeath 
unto my loving wife afores d , and two children, to them & their heires, for- 
ever, to be equally devided between them. 

Item, my will is, that if it shall please God to take my daughter Mary 
out of this world before she come of age, or have heirs of her body, law- 
fully begotten, then I give & bequeath my land in England, which by my 
will I have given to her, unto my son, John Washington & his heirs, & 
the personall estate which I have given to her, I give & bequeath the same 
unto my daughter, Ann Washington & her heires, forever. 

Item, I do hereby make & ordain my loveing wife, Jane Washington, 
Executrix of this my last will & testament, to see it performed, and I do 
hereby make & appoint my dear and loveing Brother Coll 1 John Washing- 
ton, & my loveing friend Thomas Hawkins (in case of the death or neglect 
of my executrix), to be the overseers and guardians of my Children untill 
they come of age to the truth whereof I have hereunto sett my hand & 
seale, this 27 th of September, 1G75. 

Lawrence Washington [Seale]. 

Signed, sealed & declared to be his last will & testament, 
in the p r sence of us, 

Cornelius Wood. 
John B. Barrow 
Henry Tandy, Jun r . 

A codicill of the last will & testament of Lawrence Washington, annex* 
to his will, & made September 27 th 1G75. 

Item, my will is, that my part of the land I now live upon, which became 

1891.] Wills of American Ancestors of Washingtoyi. 205 

due to me by marriage of my wife, I leave it wholly & solely to her dis- 
posal! after my decease, as witness my hand, the day & year above written. 

Lawrence Washington [Seale]. 

Signed, sealed & declared to be a Codicil of my 
last will & tastmt in the p r sence of us. 
Cornelius Wood, 
Henry Tandy, Jun r . 
The above Henry Tandy, Jun r , aged 17 yeares, or thereab* 3 , sworn & 
examined, saith, that he did see the above named Lawrence Washington, 
sign, seale & publish the above mentioned, to be his last will & testament, 
& that he was in perfect sence and memory at the signing, sealing & pub- 
lishing thereof, to the best of your deponents Judgment. 

Henry Tandy. 

Juratus est Henricus Tandy, in Cur Coud Rapp ak Sexto die, Jany, An c 
1677, p Sacrand pr d proba* et reo-dab r . 

A Copy Teste Edm* Crask, CI Cu r 

James Roy Micotj, 

Clerk, Essex County Court, State of Virginia. 

Will of Lawrence Washington, Son to John Washington. 

In The Name of God amen I Lawrence Washington of Washington 
Parish in the County of Westmoreland in Virginia GeDtleman, being of 
Good and perfect memory thanks be unto almighty God for it & calling 
to mind the uncertain Estate of this Transitory life & that all Flesh must 
yield unto death when it shall please God to call me, doe make constitute, 
ordain & Declare this my last Will and Testament in manner and form 
following, revoking and annuling by these presents all- and every Testa- 
ment & Testaments, will or wills heretofore by me made and declared 
either by word or writing & this to be taken only for my last will and 
Testament and none other, and first being heartily sorry from the bottom 
of my heart for my sins, most humbly desireing forgiveness of the same 
from the Almighty God my saviour & Redeemer in whome by the merits 
of Jesus Christ, I Trust and believe assuredly to be saved and to have full 
remission & forgiveness of all my sins and that my soul with my body at 
the General day of Resurrection shall rise again with joy, and through the 
Merits of Christs Death and passion, possess & Inherit the kingdom of 
Heaven prepared for his Elect & Chosen and my body to be buried if 
please God I depart in this County of Westmoreland by the side of my 
Father and Mother & neare my Brothers & Sisters & my Children, and 
now for the setling of my Temporal Estate and such goods Chatties & 
Debts as it hath pleased God far above my desarts to bestow upon me I 
doe ordain give and bequeath the same in mauner and form following: 

Imprimis I will that all those Debts and dues that I owe in right or 
Concience to any manner of Person or Persons whatsoever shall be well 
contented & paid or ordained or demanded to be paid by my Executors or 
Ex tx hereafter named. 

Item I give and bequeath to my well beloved friends M r William Thomp- 
son elk & M r Samuel Thompson, each of them a mourning Ring of Thirty 
shillings Value each ring ; Item I give and bequeath to my Godson Law- 

206 Wills of American Ancestors of Washington, [July, 

rence Butler one young mare & two Cows : Item I give and bequeath to 
my Sister Anne Wirtts children, one man servant a piece of four or five 
years to serve or Three Thousand pounds of Tobacco to purchase the 
same, to be delivered or paid to them when they arrive to the age of 
Twenty years old. Item I give and bequeath to my Sister Lewis a morn- 
ing wring of forty shillings price. Item I give my Cuz: John Washington 
Sen: of Stafford County all my wearing apparel: Item I give unto my 
Cozen John Washingtons Eldest Son Lawrence Washington my Godson 
one man servant of four or five years to serve or Three Thousand pounds 
of Tobacco to purchase the same; to be paid him when he comes to the 
ao-e of Twenty one years old: Item I give to my godsons Lawrence Butler 
& Lewis Nicholas that tract of Land adjoining upon Meridah Edward's and 
Daniel White, being Two hundred and seventy five acres of Land to be 
equally divided between them and their heirs forever: Item I give to the 
upper and Lower Churches of Washington parish, each of them a Pulpett 
Cloth & Cushion : Item it is my will to have a Funeral sermon at the 
Church, and to have none other Funerall to exceed Three Thousand 
pounds of Tobacco. Item it is my will after my Debts & Legacies paid, 
that my personal Estate be equally divided into four parts : my loving wife 
Mildred Washington to have one part, my Son John Washington to have 
another part, my Son Augustin Washington to have another Part and my 
Daughter Mildred to have the other part: to be delivered to them in specie 
when they shall come to the age of Twenty one years old: Item I give to 
my son John Washington, this seat of Land where I now live, and that 
whole tract of Land lying from the mouth of Machodock, extending to a 
place called the round hills, with the addition I have thereunto made of 
William Webb and William Rush to him and his heirs forever. Item I 
give and bequeath unto my Son Augustine Washington all the Dividend 
of Land that I bought of M T Robert Lesson's Children in England Lying 
in Mattox, between my Brother & M r Baldridge's Land where M r Daniel 
Lesson formerly lived, by Estimation 400 acres to him and his heirs for- 
ever, as Likewise that Land that was M r Richard Hilts; Item I give and 
bequeath unto my said Son Augustine Washington, all that Tract of Land, 
where M r Lewis Markham, now lives after the said Markhain's & his now 
wife's decease, by Estimation 700 acres more or les ; to him and his heirs 
forever. Item I give and bequeath my Daughter Mildred Washington all 
my Land in Stafford County, lying upon hunting creek, where M™ Eliza- 
beth Minton & M rs Williams now lives by Estimation 2500 acres to her 
; and her heirs forever. Item I give my water mill to my son John Wash- 
ington to him and his heirs forever. Item it is my will and desire if either 
of my children should die before they come to age or day of marriage, his 
or her personal Estate be equally divided between the two survivors and 
their Mother; Item it is my will and desire if all my children should die 
before they come of age or day of Marriage, that my Brothers children 
shall enjoy all their estate real, Except that Land that I bought of M* 
Robert Lesson's children, which I give to my loving wife and her heirs 
forever, and the rest as aforesaid to them and their heirs forever; Item I 
give my personal Estate in case of all my childrens death as above said, to 
be equally divided between my wife and Brothers Children, my wife to 
have the one half; Item I give that Land which I bought of my Brother 
Francis Wright, being 200 acres lying near Storkes Quarter, to my Son 
John Washington and his heirs forever. Item It is my desire that my 
estate should not be appraised but kept entire and delivered them as above 

1891.] Wills of American Ancestors of Washington. 207 

given according to time & my Children to continue under the care & Tution 
of their Mother till they come of age or day of marriage, and she to have 
the profits of their estates, toward the bringing of them up and keeping 
them at school; Item I doe ordain and appoint my Cozen John Washing- 
ton of Stafford and my friend M 1 Samuel Thompson my Executors, and 
my loving wife Mildred Washington my Executrix of this my last will & 
testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seale 
this 11 th day of March Anno Dom 169 J. 

Lawrence Washington [Seal]. 

Signed Seald Declared & pronounced in presence of us, 
Rob' Redman, 
George Weedon, 
Thomas Howes, 
John Rosier. 
"Westmoreland Set: — 

At a Court held for the~said County the 30 th day of March 1698. 
The Last will and Testament of Lawrence Washington Gent desc. with- 
in written was proved by the oaths of George Weedon, Thomas Howes, & 
John Rosier Three of the witnesses thereto subscribed, and a probate thereof 
Granted to Samuel Thompson Gent one of the Executors therein named, 
and the will ordered to be recorded. 

Teste James Westcomb C. W. C. 
A Copy 

Teste J. Warren Hutt, Clk. 

of the County Court of Westmoreland C°. V 


Release of the Hunting Creek or Mount Vernon Estate. 

This Indenture made the Sevententh Day of May in the thirteenth 
year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lord George by the grace of God 
King Defender of the Faith & c and in the year of our Lord God One 
Thousand seven hundred Twenty six Between Roger Gregory of Stratton- 
Major. Parish in King and Queen County Gent of the one part and 
Aug istine Washington of Washington Parish in Westmoreland County 
Gent of the other part Wittnesseth that the said Roger Gregory and 
Mildred his wife for divers good causes & conciderations him thereunto 
moving but more Especially for and in Concideration of the sum of one 
Hundred & eighty pounds Sterling money of Great Brittain, — to him in 
hand paid at and before the Ensealing and Delivery of these presents the 
receipt wherof the said Roger Gregory and Mildred his wife Doth hereby 
acknowledge and himself there w'th to be Fully Satisfied and contented 
and Paid and thereof and every part and Parcel thereof doth fully and 
absolutely acquit Exhonerate and Discharge him the Said Aug 1 Washing- 
ton his Heirs Execu re and Adm t9 and every of them by these Presents 
Hath Granted. Bargained Sold Remised Released Alienated, Entfeeofted 
and confirmed and by these presents Doth Grant Bargain Sell Remise Re- 
lease Alien Entfeeftee confirm unto the said Aug 1 Washington his Heirs 
Execu™ Adm u and Assig 8 for ever. He being in the actual Possession 
thereof by virue of a Lease thereof made by the said Roger Gregory and 
Mildred his wife bearing Date the Day before the Date of these Presents 
and by virtue of the statute for transfer! ng usses into Possession all that 
certain tract or Parcel of Land situate Lying and Being in the Parish of 

208 Wills of American A?icestors of Washington. [July, 

Overwharton — in the County aforesaid, Being by Estimation two thousand 
& Five hundred acres a moiettie or half of five thousand acres formerly 
Lay' d out for Coll Nicholas Spencer & the father of Cap 1 Lawrence Wash- 
ington and Bounded as followeth Begining by the River Side at the Mouth 
of Little Hunting Creek and Extending up the Said Creek according to the 
several courses and Meanders thereof nine hundred Eighty and Six Poles 
to a mark' d A Corner Tree standing on the west side the South Branch 
being the main branch of the said Hunting Creek From these by a Lyne 
of mark' d trees west Eighteen Degrees South across the Woods to the 
Dividing Lyne as Formerly made Between Madam Francis Spencer and 
Cap* Lawrence Washington and from thence W by the said Lyne to y e 
River and with the River and all the Courses and Meanders of the said 
River to the Mouth of the Creek afor' sd Together with all Houses Out- 
houses Gardens Orchards Fences Meadows Pastures Feedings Woods 
underwoods Swamps marshes Way' 3 Waters Watercourses and all other 
Emoluments Herediteriments and appertenances to the Said granted 
Premisses belonging or in any wise appertaining with all the Estate Right 
Title Interest Claim and Demand Whatsoever of him the said Roger 
Gregory or Mildred his wife of in & unto the said granted Premises and 
every part therof w' bjr the appurtenances to the said granted Premisses and 
reversion and remainder yearly and other rents and Profits of the Premisses 
and every part and Parcell thereof To have and to hold the said two 
thousand & five hundred acres of Land together w' th all the Rights Titles 
Benefitt Property Interest, Claim and Demand whatsoever of in and to the 
said Lands & Premises hereby granted sold demised released & confirmed 
and mentioned or intended to be herein granted Bargined Sold Remised 
Released & Confirmed and every part and Parsel thereof w' h their and 
every of their appertenances unto the said Augustine Washington his Heirs 
forever to the only Proper use and behoof of the said Augustine Washing- 
ton and his heirs and assignes forever to be holden of the chief Land or 
Lands of the fee or fees of the Premises by the Rules & services for the 
same due & accustomed to be paid and the said Roger Gregory and Mildred 
his wife for themselves their heirs Exec tr3 and Adm 1 " Doth covenant and 
w' ly the said Aug' Washington his Heirs & Assig 3 by these Presents that 
the said Roger Gregory and Mildred his wife now is aud standith Right- 
fully seised of and in the said two thousand & five hundred acres of Laud 
and Premises w' th their appertenances of a good sure perfect & Indefeasable 
Estate in Fee simple and now hath good Rightful powers and Lawful 
authority to grant and convey the said Land & Premises unto the said 
Augustine Washington and his heirs according to the purport True intent 
and meaning of these Presents and that it shall and may be Lawful to and 
for the said Aug 1 Washington his Heirs and assg' 3 from time to time and 
at all times forever hereafter Peaseably & Quietly to have hold Possess 
ocupy & enjoy the said two thousand & five hundred acres of Land w nh 
their and every of their appertenances w' Ul out the Lott Suit Trouble 
molestation or Interuption of him the said Roger Gregory & Mildred his 
wife their Heirs Execu tora Adm ,tor8 or Assigns or any of them or any other 
Person or Persons Lawfully claiming or to claim from by or under them 
or either of them and the said Roger Gregory & Mildred his wife for 
themselves their heirs Execu n " & Adm ,jt Doth covinent and agree to and 
w' th the said Augustine Washington his heirs & Assig' 3 by these presents 
that he the said Roger Gregory and Mildred his wife their Heirs Execu'^ 3 
Adm'*™ and assig' 8 shall and will at any time or times hereafter During the 

1891.] Wills of American Ancestors of Washington. 209 

space of years next Ensuing the Date hereof upon the request and 

at the Charges in the Law of the said Augs* Washington his heirs or assig' 3 
do make and Execute or cause or procure to be done made or Executed all 
and every such further and other act and acts conveyance & conveyances 
in the Law whatsoever for the further and better conveying and assuring 
the said two thousand & five hundred acres of Land & Premises with their 
appurtenances unto the said Augustine Washington his heirs and assig' 8 
forever as by the Counsell Learned in the Law of the said Augustine 
Washington his heirs or assigns shall be Reasonable Devised advised or 
required Soe as the Parties Required to do the same be not compelled to 
travell above Fifty miles from the place or places of their abode for the 
doing thereof Wittness whereof the Parties to this Indenture have Inter- 
changeably hereunto set their hands and seals this Day and year first above 
written — Rog f Gregory [ ] 

Mildred Gregory [ ] 
Sign'd Seal'd & De 1 In Presence of 

W m Aylett J r 

John Washington 

Lawz Butler 

[Immediately below the text and signatures of the Indenture is recorded in 
the same hand-writing the following] — 

The corses of Spencers Land and mine on Little Hunting Creek begin- 
ning at y e mouth of Little Hunting Extending up y e s' d Creek 986 poles 
thence by a marked Line of trees W 188— =- cross y e main wood, a mapel 
standing on y e E. side of y e main brantch of Dague run 720 p thence Down 
y e said Brantch & Creek 1128 p p c to y e mouth of y e s' d Creek thence 
along y e river to y e begining. 

[Endorsed in Gen 1 Washington's hand-writing] — 

Rog r & Mild' d Gregory' 

Release to 

Augus* W r ashingtou 

17 th May 1726 

[Beneath this endorsement is the following of a probable current date with 
the execution of the Indenture.] 

Merandom thos Leews & Reles was acknowledged at y e Jeneral Court 
by Rodger Gregory & Mildred his wife in Aprill 1726. 

[The document is written on two large sheets of paper fastened together with 
wafers. To each signature is attached, in sealing wax, an impression of a seal 
which may be heraldic but cannot be called so with confidence. The design is 
a bloodhound on scent, who stands on what may be a w r reath, but perhaps is 
only meant for a support to his feet. A photo-engraving of this seal will be 
found in the illustration facing page 199.] 

Will of Augustine Washington, Father to General George 


In the name of God, Amen. 
I Augustine Washington of the County of King George — Gentleman 
being sick and weak but of perfect and disposing sence and memory, Do 
make my last will and Testament in manner following hereby revoking all 
former will or wills whatsoever by me heretofore made. 

210 Wills of American Ancestors of Washington. [July, 

Imprimis; — I give unto my Son Lawrence Washington and his heirs 
forever all that plantation and tract of Land at Hunting Creek in the 
County of Prince William containing by estimate, two thousand and five 
hundred acres with the Water Mill adjoining thereto or lying near the 
same and all the Slaves, Cattle and Stocks of all Kinds whatsoever and all 
the Household Furnature whatsoever now in and upon or which have been 
commonly possesed by my said son, together with the said plantation track 
of Land and Mill. 

Item, — I give unto my son Augustine Washington and his heirs forever 
all my lands in the County of Westmoreland except such only as are here- 
inafter otherwise disposed of together with twenty five head of neat Cattle 
forty hogs and twenty sheep and a negro man named Frank besides those 
negroes formerly given him by his mother. 

Item, — I give unto my said son Augustine three young working Slaves 
to be purchased for him out of the first profits of the Iron Works after my 

Item, — I give to my son George Washington and his heirs the land I 
now live on which I purchased of the Executors of Mr W m Strother de- 
ceased. And one, one moiety of my land lying on Deeps Run and ten 
negro Slaves. 

Item, — I give unto my son Samuel Washington and his heirs my land 
at Chotank in the County of Stafford containing about six hundred acres 
and also the other moity of my land lying on Deeps Run. 

Item, — I give unto my son John Washington and his heirs my Land at 
the head of Maddox in the County of Westmoreland containing about 
seven hundred acres. 

Item, — I give unto my son Charles Washington and his heirs the land I 
purchased of my son Lawrence Washington whereon Thomas Lewis now 
lives, adjoining to my said son Lawrence's land above devised. I also give 
unto my said son Charles and his heirs the Land I purchased of Gabriel 
Adams in the County of Prince William containing about seven hundred 

Item, — It is my will and desire that all the rest of my negroes not herein 
particularly devised may be equally divided between my wife and my three 
sons Samuel. John and Charles, and that Ned, Jack. Bob, Sue, and Lucy 
may be included in my wife's part, which part of m r said wife's, after her 
decease I desire may be equally divided between my sons George, Samuel, 
John and Charles, and the part of my said negroes so devised to my wife 
I mean and i.itend to be in full satisfaction and in lieu of her dower in my 
negroes. But if she should insist notwithstanding on her right of Dower 
in my negroes I will and desire that so many as may be wanting to make 
up her share may be taken out of the negroes given hereby to my sons 
George, Samuel, John and Charles. 

Item, — I give and bequeath unto my said wife and my four sons George, 
Samuel, John and Charles, all the rest of my Personal Estate to be equally 
divided between them which is not particularly bequeathed by this will to 
my wife and it is my will and desire that my said four sons Estates may be 
kept in my wife's hands until they respectively attain the age of twenty 
one years, in case my said wife continues so long unmarried but in case she 
should happen to marry before that time I desire it may be in the power of 
my Executors to oblige her husband from time to time as they shall think 
proper to give security for the performance of this my last will in paying 
and delivering my said four bons their Estates respectively as they come 

1891.] Wills of American Ancestors of Washington. 211 

of age, or on failure to give such security to take. my said sons and their 
estates out of the custody and tuition of my said wife and her husband. — 

Item, — I give and bequeath unto my said wife the crops made at Bridge 
Creek, Chotank, and Rappahanock quarters at the time of my decase for 
the support of herself and her children and I desire my wife may have the 
liberty of working my land at Bridge Creek Quarters for the time of Five 
years next after my decease, during which time she may fix a quarters on 
Deeps Run. 

Item, — I give to my son Lawrence Washington and the heirs of his body 
lawfully begotten forever that tract of Land I purchased of Mr. James 
Hooe adjoining to the said Lawrence Washington's land on Maddox in the 
County of Westmoreland which I gave him in lieu of the land my said son 
bought for me in Prince William County of Spencer and Harrison and for 
want of such heirs then I give and devise the same to my son Augustine 
and his heirs forever. 

Item, — I give to my said son Lawrence all the right title and interest I 
have to in or out of the Iron Works in which I am concerned in Virginia 
and Maryland provided that he do and shall, out of the profits raised there- 
by purchase for my said son Augustine three young working slaves as I 
have herein before directed and also pay my daughter Betty when she 
arrives at the age Eighteen years the sum of four hundred pounds which 
right title and interest on the condition aforesaid I give to my said son 
Lawrence and his heirs forever. 

Item, — I give to my said daughter Betty a negro child named Mary 
daughter of Sue and an other named Betty daughter of Judy. — 

Item, — It is my will and desire that my sons Lawrence and Augustine 
do pay out of their respective Estates devised to them one half or moity of 
the debts I justly owe and for that purpose I give and bequeath unto my 
said two sons one half of the debts and owing to me. — 

Item, — -For as much as my several children in this will mentioned being 
of several venters cannot inherit from one another in order to make a 
proper provision against their dying without issue It is my will and desire 
that in case my son Lawrence should die without heirs of his body lawfully 
begotten that then the land and Mill given him by this my will lying in 
the county of Prince William shall go and remain to my son George and 
his heirs but in case my sou Augustine should choose to have the said lands 
rather than the lands he holds in Maddox either by this will or any Settle- 
ment. Then I give aud devise said lands in Prince William to my said 
son Augustine and his heirs on his conveying the said lands in Maddox to 
my said son George and his heirs. And in case my said son Augustine 
shall happen to die without issue of his body lawfully begotten, then I 
give and bequeath all the said lands by him held in Maddox to my son 
George and his heirs and if both sons Lawrence and Augustine should 
happen to die without issue of their several bodies begotten then my will 
and desire is that my son George and his heirs may have his and their 
choice either to have the lands of my son Lawrence or the lands of my son 
Augustine to hold to him aud his heirs and the land of such of my said 
sons Lawrence or Augustiue as shall not be so chosen by my son George 
or his heirs shall go to and be equally divided among my sons Samuel, 
John and Charles and their heirs share aud share alike and in case my sou 
George by the death of both or either of my sons Lawreuce aud Augustine 
should according to this my intention come to be possessed of either their 
lands then my will and desire is that said lands hereby devised to my said 

VOL. XLV. 20 

212 Wills of American Ancestors of Washington, [July, 

son George and his heirs should go over and be equally divided between 
my sons Samuel, John aud Charles and their heirs, share aud share alike 
and in case all my children by my present wife should happen to die with- 
out issue of their bodies, Then my will and desire is that all the lands by 
this my will devised to any of my said children should go to my sons 
Augustine and Lawrence if living and to their heirs or if one of them 
should be dead without issue then to the survivor and his heirs. But my 
true Intent and meaning is that each of my children by my present wife 
may have their lands in fee simple upon the contingency of their arriving 
at full age or leaving heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten or on their 
dyinf under age and without lawful issue their several parts to descend 
from one to another according to their course of descent and the remainder 
of their or any of their land in this clause mentioned to my sons Lawrence 
and Augustine or the survivors of them is only upon the contingency of all 
my said children by my present wife dying under age and without issue 
living my sons Lawrence and Augustine or either of them. 

Lastly, — I constitute and appoint my son Lawrence Washington and my 
good friends Daniel M c Larity and Nathaniel Chapman — Gentlemen Execu- 
tors of this my last will aud Testament. — 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal the Eleventh 
day of April 1743. 

Augustine Washington [L. S.] 

Signed sealed and published 
in the presence of us 

Robert Jackson 
Anthony Strother 
Ja 8 Thompson 

Provided further that if my lands at Chotank devised to my son Samuel 
should by course of law be taken away then I give to the said Samuel in 
lieu thereof a tract of Land in Westmoreland County where Benjamin 
W r icks and Thomas Finch now live by estimation seven hundred acres. 

Item — I bequeath to my son George one lot of land in the town of 
Fredericksburg which I purchased of Col John Walton also two other lots 
in the said town which I purchased of the Executors of Colo Henry Willis 
with all the Houses and appurtenances thereunto belouging. — 

And whereas some proposals have been made by Mr Anthony Strother 
for purchasing a piece of land where Matthew Tiffy lately lived now if my 
Executors shall think it for the benefit of my said son George then I here- 
by empower them to make conveyance of the said land and premices to the 
said Strother. 

In witness whereof I have hereuuto Set my hand and seal this eleventh 
day of April 1743 

Augustine Washington [L. S.] 

Signed sealed and Published 


in the presence of us 

Robert Jackson 
Anthony Strother 
Jas Thompson 

At a court held for King George County the G th day of May 1743 
The last will and testament of Augustine Washington Geut' n deceased 
was presented into Court by Lawrence Washington Gent' a one of the 

1891.] Wills of American Ancestors of Washington. 213 

Executors who made oath thereunto and the same was proved by the oath 
of Authonj Strother and James Thompson admitted to Record 
A Copy Teste 

Harry Turner — Clerk 

Will of Lawrence Washington, Half-Brother to George 


In the name of God Amen, I Lawrence Washington of Truro parish in 
Fairfax County and Colony of Virginia Gent, Knowing the uncertainty 
of this transitory life, and being in sound and desposing mind and memory 
do make this my last Will and Testament, hereby revoking and disannul- 
ling, all other wills and Testaments by me at any time heretofore made. 

Imprimis my will and desire is that a proper vault for Interment may be 
made on my home plantation wherein my remains together with my three 
children may be decently placed, and to serve for my wife and such other 
of the family as may desire it. — 

Item my will and desire is that my funeral charges and respective debts 
be first paid and discharged, out of such of my personal Estate as my 
Executors hereinafter to be be named Shall think best and most advisable 
to be disposed of for that purpose. — 

Item my will and desire is that my loving wife have the use benefit and 
profits of all my Lands on Little Hunting and Doegs Creeks, in the parish 
of Truro and County of Fairfax with all the Houses and Edifices during 
her natural life, likewise the use labour and profits arising from the one 
half of all my Negroes, as my said wife and Executors may agree in divid- 
ing them, negro Moll and her issue, to be included in my wife's part of the 
said Negroes. I also devise that my said wife may may [sic'] have the use 
of the Lauds surveyed on the south fork of Bull Skin, in the County of 
Frederick, during her natural Life. But in case of my daughter Sarah 
dying without issue before her said Mother then I give and devise my 
said Bull Skin tract, to my said wife, to her and her Heirs for ever. — 

Item it is my will and desire that all my Household goods, and furnature 
with the liquors be appraised and valued by three persons to be chosen by 
my wife and Executors and that my wife have the liberty to choose any 
part of the said Household goods, and furnature to the amount of a full 
moiety of the whole sum which they shall be appraised to. Which part I 
give and bequeath co her and her heirs for ever; the other moiety to be 
sold and the money arising applied towards the payment of ray debts. — 

Item What I have herein devised and left to my wife I intend to be in 
Lieu, and instead, of her right of Dower, provided my wife according to her 
promise, sells her several tracts of Land near Salisbury Plains, and applys 
the said money to the discharge of my debts due at the time of my death; 
But in case of her refusal then my will is that all my Household furnature 
be sold, and the whole amount to be applied towards the discharge of my 
debts — 

Item I give and bequeath to my Daughter Sarah and the heirs of her 
body lawfully begotten forever after my just debts are discharged all my 
real and personal Estate, iu Virginia and the Provence of Maryland not 
otherwise disposed of. But in case it shall please God my said Daughter, 
should die without issue, it is then my will and desire my Estate both real 
and personal, be disposed of in the following manner 

214 Wills of American Ancestors of Washington. [July, 

First I give and bequeath to my loving brother Augustine Washington 
and his heirs forever all my stocks, Interest and Estate in the Principio, 
Accokeck, Kingsbury, Lancashire, and N° East Iron works in Virginia 
and Maryland reserving one third of the profits of said works to be paid 
to my wife, as hereinafter mentioned, and two tracts of Land lying aud be- 
ing in Frederick County which I purchased of Col Cresap and Gerrard 
Pendergrass. — 

Second I give and bequeath unto my loving brother George Washington 
and his heirs forever, after the decease of my wife all my lauds in Fairfax 
County with the improvements thereon, and further it is my will and de- 
sire, that during the natural life of my wife, that my said brother George 
shall have the use of an equal Share and proportion of all the Lands here- 
after given and devised unto my brother Samuel, John and Charles. — 

Third I give and bequeath all those Several tracts of Land which I am 
possessed of and claim in the County of Frederick (except the tract on the 
south Fork of Bull-Skin, bequeathed to my wife and the two tracts pur- 
chased of Col Cresap and Gerrard Pendergrass devised to my brother 
Augustine) unto my brother Samuel, John and Charles, reserving as above 
an equal proportion for my brother George provided they Samuel, John or 
Charles pay or cause to be paid unto my and their sister Betty Lewis the 
sum of One hundred and fifty pounds. — 

Fourth my will also is that upon the death of my or all of my said 
Brothers George, Samuel, John and Charles, dying without lawful issue, 
such Lands as was given them or any of them in case of my said Daughter's 
demise as aforesaid, to become the property and right of my brother 
Augustine and his heirs. — 

Fifth my further will and desire is that after the demise of my said wife 
the Negro woman Moll and her increase be given unto my said brother 
Augustine his Heirs Ad mors &c. and likewise give him an equal proportion 
with his other brothers, of the other part of the Negroes, and personal 
Estate upon their paying my said wife One Hundred pounds sterling, my 
intent and meaning is that the said one hundred pounds sterling be paid by 
my said brothers, to my said wife immediately or soon after it may please 
God to remove by death my said Daughter — 

Item I further give and bequeath unto my loving wife during her natural 
life, one full third part of the profits from the share I hold in all the 
several Iron works both in the Colony of Virginia and Maryland to be paid 
unto my said wife from time to time by my Executors immediately upon 
notice given them by the partners residing in England of the annual amount 
of the profits to be paid either in bills or cash at the current exchange as 
she shall choose — 

Item I give unto my brother John Washington, Fifty pounds in lieu of 
the Land, taken from him by a suit at Law Cap 1 Maxm 11 Robinson, after 
my debts are paid. 

Item my will and desire is that my two Tracts of Land one joining my 
wife's Tract, near Salisbury plain, the other on a branch of Goose Creek 
being three hundred aud three acres, my two Lots in the town of Alexan- 
dria with the edifices thereon and my Share and Interest in the Ohio Com- 
pany, all be sold by my Executors and the money applied toward discharg- 
ing my debts, also my arrears of half pay, which Col Wilson the agent 
or Mr Stuart his kinsman, and clerk be addressed for and the money 
applied to the same use. 

Item whereas the purchasing Negroes and Land may greatly tend to the 

1891.] Deposition of Thomas Poimd the Pirate. 215 

advantage of my Daughter, I therefore fully empower my Executors to 
lay out the profit of my Estate, or any part thereof in Lands and Negroes 
at their discression, L e. I mean such part of the Estate as I have devised 
to my Daughter Sarah which said several purchases in case of her discease, 
without issue shall be deemed and counted personal Estate, and be accord- 
ingly equally divided among my brothers as above provided. — 

Item I also desire my just suit of Complaint at Law depending against 
Gersham Keyes of Frederick County for breach of trust be effectually 
prosecuted by my Executors. — 

Item it is furthermore my will and desire that all my estate be kept to- 
gether till the debts are discharged. — 

Item I give to my wife, my Mother in Law and each of my Executors a 
mourning ringf. — 

Lastly I constitute and appoint the Honb e William Fairfax and George 
Fairfax Esqr' 3 my said Brother Augustine and George Washington, and 
my esteemed friends Mr Nathaniel Chapman and Maj r John Carlyle 
Executors of this my last will and testament, whereof I have hereunto set 
my hand and Seale this twentieth day of June one thousand seven hundred 
and fifty two in the 26 th year of his Majesty King George the Second's 
reign. — Lawrence Washington [Seal]. 

Signed Sealed & published 
in the presence of us 
W m Waite 
Jn° North 


Andrew yy Warren 


Joseph Gound 
At a court held for Fairfax County September the 26 th 1752 This last 
will and testament of Lawrence Washington Gen t deceased was presented 
in court by the Honb e William Fairfax and George William Fairfax Esqr a 
John Carlyle and George Washington Gen' four of the Executors therein 
named who made oath thereto according to Law, and being proved by the 
oaths of William Waite, John North and Andrew Warren three of the 
witnesses is admitted to record. — 

And the same Executors performing what is usial in such cases, Certifi- 
cate is granted them for obtaining a probate in due form. 

Test John Graham C. 

A Copy Test W m Moss C. 
Copy Test 

F. W. Richardson — Clerk 


Communicated by John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston, Mass. 
The following is a copy of the Deposition of Thomas Pound, who, 
with Thomas Hawkins and others, was executed for piracy. The 
Deposition gives a detailed account of the voyage and captures made 
by Hawkins's boat from the time she " tooke water at the South End 
of the town neer the Signe of the Bull," until she was captured by 
vol. xlv. 20* 

216 Deposition of Thomas Pound the Pirate. [July, 

the sloop Mary commanded by Capt. Samuel Pease. The Deposi- 
tion of a portion of the company of Capt. Pease's sloop is printed 
in the Register, Vol. II., page 393. But I am not aware that 
this Deposition of Pound's, to which is also appended the brief 
examination of William Dun, Daniel Landor, Samuel Watts and 
William Warren, has been printed. These "Examinants" were 
convicted and executed, with Johnson, Buck, Sickadan and Griffin, 
who are mentioned in the Deposition. An interesting account of 
this piratical expedition is given in considerable detail by Drake in 
his History of Boston, page 490. 

Boston 19 th Octob r 1G89. 
Thomas Pound Examined Saith, That about the Eighth or Tenth 
day of August last past in the present year, 1G89, this Examinant together 
with twelve men more viz'. Tho. Hawkins, Thomas Johnson, Henry Dip- 
per, Richard Griffin, Richard Hodges, Eleazer Buck, William Dun, Daniel 
Lander, Samuel Watts, William Warren, John Sickadan and Benj a Blake 
a Boy, Seven of them being Armed, went off from Boston in Thomas 
Hawkins his Boat, tooke water at the South End of the Town ueer the 
Signe of the Bull, haveing agreed and combined together, to take the first 
Vessell they should come up withall and go away to the West Indies to 
make a Voyage against theffrench, went from Boston upon a Thursday 
about one aclock in the morning, and Sayled into the Bay, and the next 
day being Friday about three aclock Spake w th . a Sloop belonging to 
Nantasket, and bought some fiish of the men that Sayled in said Sioop, 
when they came neer up with said Sloop, they kept all the men in Hawkins 
his Boat close save ffive who pretended to be affishing, two or three houres 
afterward they came up with a flashing Katch belonging to Salem one Chard 
master, and boarded her, and tooke the said Katch, and put three of the 
Katches men into Hawkins his Boat and sent them on shoar, the other two 
of the Katches men were willing to Stay and £0 in the Katch. 

The Examin't further Saith that they Sailed with said Katch to Casco 
to water, and upon arrival there two of the Garrison Souldiers came off in 
a Canot on board the Katch and told us they would go along with us, viz*. 
Jn°. Lord & James Daniel, and said they would go ashoar and fetch some 
more men, and accordingly in the night the said two men with ffive more 
came on board the Katch bringing with them their Cloths and Armes and 
So they Sayled with said Katch the same day from Casco toward Cape 
Cod, and came to anchor off the highland of the Cape, and rode all night, 
the next morning they Espyed a Sloop at anchor neer to them, and sent 
our Boat with seven or Eight armed men and tooke the said Sloop whereof 
one Stephen Cross was master, the Sloop belonged to Piscataqua and was 
laden with deale boards, and then this Examin't and his Company went into 
said Sloop, and put the Sloop's Company into the Katch and sent them 
away, And put in with said Sloop to Cape Cod, and some of the Company 
went ashore (whereof Tho: Hawkins was one), and killed ffour Shoats, and 
wooded and watered, and then Sayled to Martyn's Vineyard Sound, and on 
or about the twentyeth day of August met with a Briganteen belonging to 
Newbury, John Kent master from New Yorke, and sent the Boat with 
flour or ffive hands on board said Briganteen, and brought her neer to o r . 
Sloop's side, out of which Briganteen wee tooke Eighteen halfe barrels of 
Flower, two hogsheads of Sugar and one hogshead of Rlium, and three 

1891.] Deposition of Thomas Pound the Pirate. 217 

small Armes and so disrnist the Briganteen. After which Sayling through 
the Sound the wind blowing hard at North North East wee were forced to 
Virginia and went into Yorke River where wee were kept by Easterly 
winds Seven or Eight dayes, two English men and a Negro came on board 
us in a Float and came away with us: the said men brought with them a 
peice of black Searge and some yards of Linnen Cloth and an old Mison 
Saile and some Gaules, the men were named John Gidins and Edward 
Browne. From Virginia wee came back into the Sound, and at Tarpoliu 
Cove met with a Barque belonging to Salem riding in said Cove William 
Lord master, and went on board her and bought an Anchor of him for 
which paid a Caske of Sugar about tfour hundred weight and sold to said 
Lord y e Negro wee brought from Virginia at the price of twelve pounds 
for which he drew a bill upon Blaney at Elizabeth 3 Island. Then wee 
came over the Sholes in company of Lord's Barque, as far as Cape Cod, 
and the Boat going on shoare there Hawkins left us. Afterwards upon a 
Saturday night about three weekes since wee Espyed a Sloop and weighed 
and gave chace to her and brought her to anchor under the Cape, who said 
they came from Pensilvania, enquired of them whither or no they had any 
Porke on board, they saying that they had uone wee dismist them, and wee 
went back again over the Sholes, and at Homes his Hole met with a Sloop 
riding there one John Picket master from new London (as he said) out of 
which Sloop wee tooke thirty nine barrells of Porke and Beife. Seven 
firkins of Butter, Thirteen cheeses, three barrels of Indian Corn and Eight 
bushells of Pease. From thence wee removed to Tarpoliu Cove, there lay 
about fforty Eight houres intending for Corazo, and upon ffriday the ffourtb 
day of October instant, Cap ne Samuel Pease Comander of a Sloop from 
Boston came up towards us, and wee came to Saile, and stood away, but 
Cap re Pease out Sayled us and fired several! Shot towards us but did not 
strike our Vessel!, wee descried their King's Jack before they ffired; after 
wee had received severall Shot from the s d Sloop there was a red fllagg put 
up at the head of. our Mast, and our men fired at them, and wee continued 
fireing one at another about the space of an hour, this Examiuant received 
two Shot one under his Ribs and auother in the Arme, flour of our men 
were slain and nine wounded. Thomas Hawkins was many times on shoar 
at severall places at Elisabeth Islands, Cape Cod and Casco, and was never 
restrained or confined on board as a Prisouer. Afterwards Pound said 
that Dun, Lander, Warren & Watts came on board Hawkins his Boat in 
Cap ne Edwards his Boat in y e Broad sound. Thomas Pound. 

This Examina con taken y e day and year first above 
written before the Governo r aud Suudry of the 
Magistrates met at the Town house in Boston, 
Signed by s d Pound. 

Is a Addington. 
William Dun, Daniel Lander, Samuel Watt3 and William Warren, 
Examined Say, that these Examinants went iu Company of Thomas 
Pounes and others in Thomas Hawkin3 his Boat, lookt at Poune to be their 
Coixiand r and were along with him from the time of his going from Boston 
sometime in the beginning of August 1689. until the time they were taken 
by Cap tne Pease, and were belonging to him and assisting at the Seising 
and robing of all the Vessells. 

(Endorsed by Addington) Thos. Pound Examina cou 

Pound and Hawkin's Tryal. 
Jan^ 1689. 

218 Letters of Col, Thomas Westbrook and others. [July, 



Communicated by William Blake Trask, A.M., of Dorchester, Mass. 
[Continued from page 137.] 

A List of w' men are wanting to compleat each Company [at the East- 
ward], April 21, 1724. 

Coll Westbrooks ; Cp* Harmons 5 ; Cp* Moultons 11 ; Cap* Bourn 5 ; 
Leiu 1 Oliver 3; Cp* Wheelwright 5; Cp* Heath 2; Sarg* Brown 3; Leiu* 
March 2. — 45. 

Mass. Arch. 72: 175. 

An Ace 1 of the Deceased deserted & dismist men and those taken by the 

Deceast — Georcre Varnham feb 14 th 1723; Job Burges Decem b 14 th 
1723; Henery Philips March 7 th 1723; Rob' Hues Feb. 17 th 1723; Jn° 
Chaiuy Feb. 23, 1723; Jacob Quinby M r ch 24 th 1723; Joseph Lake D° 
16 th 1723; Jn° Bowman, D° 18 th ; Sam 11 Tubbs D° 25 th ; Dan 11 Redding D° 
28 th ; Doct Jn° Negus D° 29 th ; Sam 11 Smith; Peter Joseph Feb r 20 th ; 
Nath 1 Bigsby April 28 th ; [ ] Wormwood April 23 d ; Leiu* 

Armstrong, May 3 d ; Edward Townsend June 2 d 1724. — 17. 

Deserted — Sam 11 Parriss ; Natli 1 Millet ; Jn° Swan ; Tho 8 Anderson ; 
Elisha Dow; W ra Huit ; Rob 1 Yean; David Edwards; 2 from L* Oliver; 
2 from Leiu' Bourn; one run from Cp" Heath. — 13. 

Dismist by his Honour the Leiu* Govern r — Robert Park ; Sam 11 Choak ; 

W m Beard; Benj a Eaton; Jo n Foster; J a 3 Moirison; Solo: Nellson ; 

Moses Cooper ; Ju° Clarke ; Abra m Stickney ; Tho s Reed ; 

Philip Trueman I c , , 
o ii ^ i, } iurloed 

Sam 11 I aller ) 

James Jemmison, S { Georges. — 14. 

Taken by the Indians — Thomas Rebilliard ; James M c faden; Sam 11 

Legeuee ; Tho 3 Gillis ; Morgan Miles ; Corn e Pass. — 6. 

May it Please your Hon r 

The above Ace* will show how the army is decreast. 

[Total 50.] I am your Hon" dutifull humble Serv* 

Falm June 2 d 1724. Tho 3 Westbrook. 

Mass. Arch. 72 : 177. 

May it Please your Honour, 

This morning about Five a Clock at M r Yorks garrison at Per- 
poodack the Indians kill'd one man and wounded another, there appeared 
Nineteen. I was at Falmouth Side with Eight men with whom I imme- 
diately put of a whaleboat and went to their assistance, but the Enemy 
were drawn off. Wee Immediately pursued them with about fifteen men 
about a mile & halfe but could not come up with them, our number being 
so small, wee concluded it best to return. It is Judged that there was 

1891.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrook and others. 219 

Canoes seen comeing from the Eastward on last Sabbath day night by 
Captain Franklin. I am your Hon" dutiful humble Serv* 

Falm June 2 d 1724. Tho 9 Westbrook. 

P. S. Since I wrote my letter I find Wee want five or Six more men 
then what I then Inform 'd y r Hon' off T. W. 

On his Maj ties Special Service, 
To The Hon bl William Dummer [&c] 
Mass. Arch. 51: 432. 

May it Please your Hon r : 

My letter of the 21 st of last month w ch gave an Acc t that Leiu* 
Bean was not returned. This accompanys him with a Coppy of his Journal* 
by w ch your Hon r will be Informed of his march. Cap tn Harmon went East 
among the Islands the 2G th of last month in quest of the Enemy with fifty 
five men. I am this day sending the Sloop down to Monheigen Island 
where he is to repair to in case he want anything. I sent Leiu £ Lane from 
this place the 30 th of last month with twenty four men a Scout on the backs 
of the Towns from this place to Berwick only to stop at Saco Falls to 
guard the People to get down their Logs. 

Wee have not heard anything of the Indians for some time past so that 
its generally thought they are getting into a body. Mine of the 20 th of 
last month gave an Ace 1 that I had dismist Forty Two of the new Imprest 
men, there is dismist thirteen Since. 

I have p'mitted Leiir Bean to wait on your Hon r by which he is in hopes 
he may get his back wages for his being Pilott, whome I have Improv'd 
as such according to your Hon" orders from the date of his Warrant to this 
day. I am y r Hon" Dutiful and hum 1 ' 1 Serv' 

Tho 8 Westbrook. 

The number of men as near as I can get the ace' that are now in the 
Service is about Four hundred. 

Falmouth June 2 d 1724. 
Mass. Arch. 51 : 433. 

May : t Please your Honour, 

Captain Harmon is return'd from his Cruise, whom I mett at 
Monheigon, he informs me your Honour has given him leave to go to Bos- 
ton to make up his Roll, the Enclosed is a Coppy of his Journal* by which 
your Honour will be Inform'd of his Cruise. 

I am your Honours dutiful Hum bl Serv 4 . 
Sagadahock June 5 th 1724. Tho 9 Westbrook. 

P. S. I have ordered Cap tn Harmon to send the remainder of his Comp 7 
to Saco to Joyn Leiu' Lane, whom I gave your Honour Ace 1 of in mine of 
the 2 d of this Ins 1 , he is to take with him M r Stephen Harden as a Pilot 
who is an Expert one on Saco, Kennebunk, and all the rivers as far as 
Winipeesiaucut Ponds he haveing hunted on that ground for many years 
past. He was Pilot to Leiu t Jn° Harmon on his last march, who says he 
never Saw a man have more Judgm 1 in the Woods then he. T. W. 

On his Maj Ue8 Service 
To The Hon ble William Dummer Esq r 

Leiu' Gov r & Commander in Cheif &c. at Boston. 
Mass. Arch. 51 : 435. 

* We have thus far been unable to find the Journals of Lieut. Bean and Capt. Harmon 
among the volumes of papers in the Massachusetts Archives.— t. 

220 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbroolc and others. [July, 

May it Please your Honour, 

Cap ta Harmons Company is ordered on the backs of the Towns 
between Saco and Berwick as I gave an Ace* of in mine of the 5 th Curr', 
the rest of our men are ordered to Cruise in Casco Bay amongst the Islands 
Pemiquid and East as far as Musconkus and from thence back into Damans 
Coatty and Sheepsgutt rivers and to Mountsweeg bay, so on the back of 
Arrowsick to Kennebeck river up to Richmond and so to keep on this 
Cruise till your Hon" Pleasure be known, Indeavouring to hinder the In- 
dians from Passing and repassing with their Canoes, for its Judg'd since 
wee have not had men to pass in our boates that they frequently Pass by 
water; when they came to Arrowsick they went off in their Canoes to 
Casco bay as it is Judg'd. Cap 1 Franklin waites for a wind to carry pro- 
vision to Georges. I hope your Hon r will ord r what must be done relateing 
that garrison. The above Cruise is ordered by the advice of the officers 
Present Viz 1 . Cap 1 Harmon, Cap* Penhallow, Cap 6 . Heath, Cap 1 Moulton, 
Leiu' Kenady. I am your Hon™ dutifull humb 1 Serv*. 

Sagadahock June 6 th 1724. Tho s Westbrook. 

P. S. Cap 1 Heath haveing acquainted me with your Hon™ Furlo comes 
up to Boston accordingly, by whom I write. T. W. 

Mass. Arch. 51: 436. 

May it Please your Honour, 

This morning about Ten a Clock Cap tn Franklin brought in this 
Maloncholly Account Viz*. That the Indians on the first of May last way- 
layd Cap tn Winslow on both sides Saint Georges River as he was going 
to the garrison with Seventeen men in two Whal boates, whome the Indians 
have killed or taken all but three that made their escape and got to the 
garrison. They say there was a great number of the Indians, who fir'd 
upon our people first from the Western side the river; as soon as they had 
fir'd they put off in their Canoes and fell on our People very furiously, so 
that our boates were oblig'd to part, they overpowering them with a superior 
number. Cap ta Winslow endeavoured to land on the West side, and so long 
as he was seen by our People fought boldly and bravely, and it is Judg'd 
kill'd several of the Indians. Sarj* Harvey lauded on the East side hope- 
ing to get clear of them, but as soon as they landed there was another 
Considerable party mett him and Shot him down. After they had chang'd 
some shots on both sides our People were then oblig'd to draw off as well 
as they could, one of them did not get into the garrison till three days 
afterward, he saw an Indian that day, our people trackt seme, about a 
week after not more than a hundred yards from the garrison. It is Judg'd 
there is a party lurk about the river and garrison still. Where they hYd 
on our people first, they Judge there could not be less then Thirty Canoos 
besides three ambuscades more, one on the West and two on the East sides 
the River. Wee have not men to look for the Dead bodies of our freinds 
so that our Enemies have a double triumph over us. Cap tn Harmons 
Comp y being at the Westward and the army is so decreast as I have 
already given your Hon r an Ace' of in part and shall be able to give it in 
full when I come to Boston. 

I am your Hon" dutifull humble Serv* 
George Town June 13 m 1724. Tho 8 Westbrook. 

P. S. Cap ta Winslow went out of the garrison on the 30 th of April to 
the Green Islands hopeing to meet with a Canoo or two of y e Indians. 

Mass. Arch. 51: 442, 443. 

1891.] Letters of Col. Thomas We stbrook and others. 221 

Boston, June 24 th 1724. 


S r Having your Orders to returne to the Fort at Richmond 
thought it my Duty to Lay the State of that Garrison before Your Honour. 
By Several Deaths & Dismissions my Company is reduced to Twenty 
men, And the fort being large & far from Reliefe I would Humbley Sug- 
gest to your Honour, Is in dainger of being lost with Out a reinforcement, 
& your Honours Desigue of Sending Some able Souldiers to Scout with 
the Mohawks altogether impractickable. The number of men posted at 
Casco Fort in y e last warr and the present Company at northfield are 
presidents, & seem to plead for a recruit to be sent to Richmond, which is 
farther in the Enemyes Countrey then Either of those. All which I 
Humbley Offer to your wise Consideration & with Dutifull Respect re- 
maine Your Honours most Humble Obedient Serv*. 

Joseph Heath. 

Mass. Arch. 51: 455. 

May it Please your Honour, 

Cap 1 Heath has acquainted me with the above report design'd to 
lay before your Honour, which appears to me very reasonable. 
I am your Honours dutifull and most obedient Serv [ 

Tho 8 Westbrook. 
On his Maj tie3 Service 
To The Hon ble William Dummer Esq r 

Leiu* Gov r & Commander in Chief &c. in Boston. 
Mass. Arch. 51 : 455. 

Fort Mary July 19, 1724. 
May it Please y r Hon", 

This Comes in Company with a Letter from Leiut Beans (to 
Con 1 Westbrook) who was Sent here and arrived the 17 instant), & in 
order to give y r Hon r an account That y e 18 I supplyed him with ammuni- 
tion & to hasten to Spurwink where the Enimy were & Burnt one Perryes 
house, Killed one Solloman Jordan near y e garrison of Leiut Jordan. U 
Bean Hastued from hence 19 instant, fought about 30 indians. Killed one 
& Recovered him, Scalp, gun &c. took from th^m Beafe, Blankets, & 
Sundryes. Drove the Enemy & took about 25 packs, & they Ran away, 
naked, this day. 

We Lost one Robert Brown, of Plymouth, and one Simon Armstroug 
was Scarred on his head, flesh wound, the Enimy fought Smartly while 
they Stood. M r Bean & men are here & as to any particulars farther I 
beleive Coro 1 Westbrook will forward M r Beans Letter to y r Hon r for 
whom I wrote the particulars, & pray I may be Excused for my not in- 

1 hear M r Buckman's garrison at N° Yarmouth is Burned & of alarmes 
their ; this morning Large fires appeared up Saco River, at Cape Porpus, 
we dont hear the Reason but guess the Enimy to be Everywhere, & having 
no incorragement that I may have men to fill my Compliment up as yet I 
hope y r Hon rs not forgot y e Direction you gaue me to Leave a mem 
in the Secre: office that I may have them by y e Direction to Corn 1 West- 
brook & Especially one fit for a Corperell. 

The 14 instant went hence volenters from Piscatt. after Indian pirets, as 
also Sundryes & one Cap' Salter from the Sholes & 4 met at green Islands, 

222 John Smith of Mi I ford, Conn. [July, 

said Salter (since Parting from his Conserts who arrived here to Day) in- 
forms me he meet with the indian Privateer a sconer once of marble head 
full of Indians Extraordenary well fitted who Chased them 3 hours & she 
Takes all she Can Come vp with, so that the fishermen don't go East of 
this Place or Scarce to sea ; with my Dutie is what offers from y r humble 
Servant Samuel Hinckes. 

Superscribed: Lett' from Cap 4 Hinkes. July 19, 1724. 
On His Majestyes Service. 
Mass. Arch. 52: 13, 14. 

[To be continued.] 




Compiled by Robert Atwater 8 (Bassett, 8 Clark"*) Smith,* of New Haven, Conn. 

John 1 Smith [16 1684], a settler of Milford, Conn., in 1640, is 

presumed to have been one of several from Hertfordshire who could not 
leave England in 1637, when the Rev. Peter Prudden and others from 
that section of England sailed in the company of the Rev. John Davenport, 
Gov. Theophilus Eaton, Deputy Gov. Stephen Goodyear and other persons 
from London who came to this country in the ships Hector and Martin [?] 
in 1637. It is probable he came direct from England to New Haven in one 
of the three ships which sailed in 1639 to New Haven, viz: the St. Johns, 
Capt. Russell; the Fair Weather, which reached New Haven before July 
28, 1639; and the third ship (name unknown) which arrived soon after, pro- 
bably bringing the company which settled in Southold, Long Island. — [See 
Atwatei's History of N. H. Colony, pages 162-3.] From the amount of 
property (£513. 3. 9.) left by him at his death in 1684 (the inventory was 
taken December, 1684), it is probable that he belonged to a family of some 
wealth in England. It has been suggested that he may have been one of the 
Smiths 'f Haddon Hall, some of whom came to this country. He married 

Grace Hawley (born , 16 — ), who died in 1690. The will of Mrs. 

Grace Smith is recorded in Vol. 2, page 90, of the New Haven Probate 
Records. It is dated Nov. 26, 1689, She gives her property of £61. 11. 7. 
to her four children. There is no inventory to be found. Children: 

2. i. Ephraim, 2 bfip. Oct. 12, 1641; d. May, 1712; m. Abigail Briscoe. 

3. ii. John, bap. Aug. 27, 1646; d. Jan. S, 1732; m. Phebe Canfiekl. 

iii. Mary, bap. Jan. 7, 1648; d. December, 1091; m. Oct. 29, 1667, Dr. 

Abel Gunn (b. June, 1643, d. , 1688), sou of Dr. Jasper Gunn 

(1606-1670'/of Milford. Dr. " Abell" Gunu's will, dated May 11, 
1683, is found on page 7 of Vol. 2, N. II. Frob, Rec. ; an inventory 
is indexed as on page 11, but cannot be found on that paqe. He 
gives his property to his wife, Mary Gunn ; no children are 

iv. Ebene/.er. bap. Nov. 10, 1650; d. vouu£. 

v. Mercy, bap. Dec. 5, 1652; d. May~2, 1670. 

4. vi. Meuit.ujle, b. March 25, 1655; d. , 17 — ; m. Edward Camp, 

Jan. 15. 1673-4. 
2. Ephratm 2 Smith (1644-1712), son of John 1 Smith the Settler, re- 
moved to Derby, Conn. He married Abigail Briscoe of Milford. 

1891.] John Smith of Mil ford, Conn. 223 

No will is recorded. The inventory was taken June 13, 1712. The 
probate records are in Vol. 3, pages 50, 61, 80, 99 and 119. On 
page 80 is given the division of the properly among the children ; 
only John is mentioned; probably the wife and the daughter, Ruth 
Briscoe, were dead at that time. Ruth's portion of £56 is given to 
the daughter, Ruth Briscoe ; Mercy's portion is given to her hus- 
band, Samuel Gunn, who was appointed executor; no mention is 
made of Ephraim, who did not die until December, 1712. The 
estate amounted to £226 3. 7. The History of Derby states that 
Ephraim Smith (1644-1712) died without leaving any children; 
this is incorrect. Children: 

5. i. John, 3 b. , 1672 ; d. May 31, 1740 ; m. Mary . 

6. ii. Mercy, b. — — ,1674; d. Aug. 11, 1750; m. Lieut. Samuel Gunn, 

Nov. 11, 160S. 

7. iii. Ephraim, b. , 16—; d. December, 1712: m. Susannah . 

8. iv. Ruth, b. , 16 — ; d. 17 — ; m. Samuel Briscoe. 

3. Sergeant Jons 2 Smith (1646-1732) (John 1 ), son of John Smith the 
settler, lived in Milford. He married, Jan. 23, 1672-3, Phebe Cam- 
field (born May 8, 1656, died May 3, 1730), daughter of Sergeant 
Thomas Camfield (died 1689) and Phebe (Crane) Camfield of 
Milford. No will or inventory of estate can be found in the New 
Haven Probate Records. Their tomb-stones can be found in the 
Milford Cemetery ; they are recorded in the " Tomb-stones of 
Milford." Children: 

John, 3 b. June 18, 1674; d. May 14, 1751; m. Ruth Briscoe. 

Thomas, b. March 7, 1677 ; m. Hannah Camp. 

Samuel, b. Oct. 18, 1679; m. Rachel Lambert [?]. 

Ebenezer, b. March 31, 1683; d. Nov. 4, 1744; m. Sarah Collins 
Jan. 3, 1710-11. 

Joseph, bap. Nov. 29, 1685; died young. 

Abiah, bap. March, 1686 ; born and lived in Milford. No further 
records up to the present time. Her name was given to two of 
her nieces : family 12 No. iii., and family 14 No. iii. 

Nathan, bap. September, 1680 ; m. Hannah Tibbals. 
viii. Joseph, bap. April 15, 1694; m. Mary Clark. 

Mehitable 2 Smith (John 1 ), bom 1655, lived in Milford. She mar- 
ried, Jan. 15, 1673, Edward Camp (bom 1650, died March, 1721), 
son of Edward and Mary Camp of New Haven. The will of 
Edward Camp of Milford, made March 11, 1721, is in Vol. 5 of 
N. H. Prob. Pec, on pages 56-7; the inventory on page 65, taken 
March 29, 1721. He gives his property to "wife Elizabeth" (a 
second wife) and his three children Samuel and John Camp and 
daughter Sarah Boardman. How many of these children were the 
children of Mehitable Smith is not yet known. Child: 

i. Camp. 3 

John 3 Smith (Ephraim? John 1 ) probably resided in Derby. He 

married Mary , who died June 12, 1745. In the will of John 

Smith of Derby, made Jan. 27, 1746, in N. H. Prob. Rec, Vol. 7, 
pages 485-8 and 646, are mentioned the four sons given below and 
"daughter Mary, wife of Ephraim Smith." Inventory taken June 
17,1749. Children: 

i. Thomas.* iv. Jonathan. 

ii. Josiah. v. Mary, m. Ephraim Smith. 

iii. Daniel. 

VOL. XLV. 21 















224 John Smith of Mil ford, Conn. [July, 

6. Mercy 3 Smith (Ephraim. 2 John 1 ) married Nov. 11, 1698, Lieut. 

Samuel Gunn (born Jan. 15, 1669, died Sept. 10, 1749), son of 
Jebomah and Sarah (Lane) Gunn (1641) of Milford. In her will, 
dated Milford, Sept. 28, 1750, recorded in N. H. Prob. Rec. Oct. 8, 
1750, in Vol. 7, pages 668-70, she gives £100 to each of her three 
sons, Samuel, Lazarus and Isaiah, and other property to her daugh- 
ters, Abigail Riggs, Sarah Northrop and Mary Ford. Children: 

i. Abagail 4 Gunn, b. March, 1G99; d. , 17 — ; m. Samuel Kiggs of 


ii. Samuel 4 Gunn, b. Jan. 15, 1701; d. Jan. 8, 1756; m. Sarah Clark. 

iii. Sarah 4 Gunn, b. February, 1703 ; d. , 1780 ; m. Ephraim Northrop, 

Nov. 26, 1730. 

iv. Lazarus 4 Gunn, b. October, 1707 : d. March 27, 1751, unmarried. 

v. Isaiah 4 Gunn, b. Mav, 1710: d. , 17 — , unmarried. 

vi. Mary 4 Gunn, b. May, 1713; d. Nov. 10, 1760; m. John Ford. 

7. Ephraim 3 Smith (Ephraim? John 1 ) lived in Derby, and is recorded 

in the Index of N, H. Prob. Rec. as from Derby. He married 

, 16 — , Susannah . His will, in Vol. 5, page 114, gives 

his property to his wife Susannah and his four children named below. 
His wife Susannah was made executrix; the inventory on page 207 
was taken Jan. 1, 1713; the amount £178 9. 6. Children: 

i. Ephraim. 4 iii. Susannah. 

ii. Joseph. iv. Samuel. 

8. Ruth 3 Smith (Ephraim* John 1 ) married , 17 — , Samuel Briscoe 

(born April, 1678, died , 1756), son of Nathaniel Briscoe 

(1647 ) and Mary (Camp) Briscoe of Milford. Her child. Ruth 

Briscoe, is mentioned in the will of her father, Ephraim Smith 
(1644-1712). Child: 
i. Ruth 4 Briscoe, m. Joseph Brewster. 

9. John 3 Smith, Jr. (John, 2 John 1 ) married Ruth Briscoe (born 

1682, died June 16, 1749), daughter of James Briscoe and Sarah 
(Wheeler) Briscoe of Milford. His will of Aug 2, 1750, mentions 
first his four daughters, Ruth Smith, Sarah Beard, Phebe Piatt and 
Mercy Gillette, afterwards the four sons. The will is in Vol. 8, 
page 16; on page 17 is the will of Ruth Br scoe Smith, his wife; it 
is dated Jan. 21, 1741-2. Children: 

i. James, 4 bap. December, 1702; d. , 17 — ; m. Hannah Northrop, 

March 30, 1728. 
ii. Caleb, bap. December, 1702; d. Nov. 4, 1758; m. Abigail Ciark, 
April 20, 1728. 

iii. Abraham, bap. , 17—; d. Jan. 2, 1782; m. Amy Whitmore [?]. 

iv. Sarah, bap. October, 1709; d. , 17—; m. Nathan Beard, June 

27, 17—. 

v. Ruth, bap. March 12, 1712; d. ; unmarried in 1751. 

15. vi. EPHRAIM, b. 1715; d. 1805; m. Sarah Newton. 1739. 

vii. Phebe, bap. March, 1717; d. , 17—; m. Isaac Piatt, March 12, 

viii. Mercy, bap. Sept. 29, 1720; d. , 17—; m. Eliphalet Gillette. 

10. Thoma3 8 Smith (John, 2 John 1 ) removed to Ridgefield, Conn, (ac- 
cording co Judge Ralph D. Smith, of Guilford, Ct.). He married, 

Dec. 2, 1699, Hannah Camp (born January, 1677, died , 

17 — ), daughter of Samuel and Hannah Camp of Milford. Children : 

i. Jonah, 4 b. April 29, 1703. 

ii. Hannah, bap. Oct. 24, 1703. 

1891.] John Smith of Mil ford, Conn. 225 

iii. Jabez, b. Nov. 29, 1705. 
iv. Gideon, b. Jane 13, 1709. 
v. Isaac, b. Jan. 31, 1711-12. 

11. Samuel 3 Smith (John? John 1 ), removed to Ridgefield, Conn, (ac- 

cording the ''Whitney Family" book, Vol. 1). He married, Dec. 
30, 1703, Rachel Lambert [?■], daughter of Jesse and Deborah 
(Fowler) Lambert of Milford. Children: 

i. Elizabeth, 4 b. June 30, 1708. 

ii. Joux, b. Jan. 12, 1711. 

iii. Samuel, b. Jan. 13, 1713. 

iv. Natiiax, b. Sept. 7, 1715. 

v. Stephen, b. Sept. 13, 1717. 

vi. Jacob, b. , 1719. 

vii. Martha, b. , 1719. 

12. Ebenezer 2 Smith (John, 2 John 1 ) removed in 1709 from Milford to 

Ridgefield, Conn. ; he was one of the original settlers of that town; he 
married, Jan. 3, 1710-11, Sarah Collins, who died March 16, 1760. 
In the Whitney Family Book, Vol. 1, page 27, he is said to be the 

grandson of John Smith (16 1684) the settler and Grace Hawley ; 

this is the only record of the family name of Mrs. Grace Smith 

(16 1690)*that I have found. Their son Daniel (1719-1799) 

married Betty Whitney (1718-1798); their descendants, to the 
number of over 500, are recorded in the " Whitney Family " book. 
Children : 

i. PnEBE, 4 b. Oct. 14, 1711. 

ii. Sarah, b. Oct. 13, 1713. 

iii. Ablah, b. March 7, 1716. 

iv. Ebenezer, b. March 15, 1718. 

v. Daniel or David, b. Oct. 6, 1719; d. Aug. 22, 1799; m. Betty 

Whitney, Jan. 25, 1741-2. 

vi. Job, b. Feb. 26, 1722. 

vii. Abigail, b. May 17, 1728. 

viii. John, b. June 24, 1730. 

13. Nathan 3 Smith (John, 2 John 1 ) married and lived for a time in 

Milford ; the births of his children are recorded in Milford up to 
1760, after that time there is no further mention of him in Milford 
Records. He married Hannah, daughter of Ebenezer Tibbals, of 
Milford. Children: 

i. Abigail. 4 v. Jonathan. 

ii. Ebenezer. vi. Mercy. 

iii. Nathan. vii. Clone. 

iv. Abel. 

14. Joseph 3 Smith (John* John 1 ) removed to Brookfield, Conn. He 

married, July 7, 1720, Mary Clark (who died Feb. 23, 1773), daugh- 
ter of George and Rebecca Clark of Milford. He married, , 

177-, widow Ruth Boughton. Children : 

i. George. 4 b. Jan. 13, 1721: d. Aug; 26, 1800. 

ii. Mary,* b. July 7, 1723; d. Dec. 29, 1795; m. Ebenezer Blackmnu. 

iii. Ablui, b. Sept. 23, 1727; d. June, 1819; m. Gideon Peck, Jau. 28, 

1752; m. 2d, Henry Peck, , 175-. 

iv. Joseph, b. March 15, 1730; d. Aug. 10, 1810. 

v. Amos, b. April 27, 1732; d. October, 1807. 

vi. Ann, b. March 12, 1734; d. April 8, 1758; m. Henry Peck, Dec. 25, 


• Great-grandmother of U. S. Senator Orris S. Ferry (b. 1823, d. 1875). 

226 John Smith of Milford, Conn. [July, 

vii. Richard,* b. Sept. 24, 1736; d. Dec. 19, 1819. 

viii. Phebe, b. April 27, 1740; d. Oct. 22, 1807; m. Johu Denning. 

ix. Mercy, b. Sept. 18, 1742; d. 1817; m. Jared Dunning. 

x. Ebexezer, b. July 8, 1745; d. March 28, 1S30. 

15. Ephraim 4 Smith {John? John? John 1 ) lived in Milford and Wolcott, 

Conn. He married, 1739, Sarah Newton (born July 7, 1723, died 
ISO-), daughter of Ezekial (1688-1728) and Abigail (Briscoe) 
Newton of Milford. He removed from Milford or Derby to Wolcott 
previous to 1788, for in that year Ephraim Smith and wife are first 
recorded in the list of the Wolcott Church members; about 1804 his 
son Ephraim 2d (1755-1832) and grandson Ephraim 3d (1777-185- ) 
removed to Camden, N. Y. ; he died in Wolcott, Conn. His wife, 
Sarah Newton, was a great-grandchild of Rev. Roger Newton 
(16 1683), second pastor of the Milford Church. Children: 

i. Mehitable, 5 b. , 1740; d. , 1826; m. Samuel Peck, July 7, 

ii. Ephraim, b. , 1742; d. September, 1750. 

16. iii, John. b. Feb. 2, 1744; d. Dec. 25, 1819; m. Mary Ford, February, 

iv. Sarah, b. , 1746; d. Feb. 16, 1814; m. 1st, Samuel Mansfield 

Stone; 2d, Donald Treat. 

v. Ann ah, b. , 1748 ; d. , 1852. 

vi. Benatjah, b. , 1750; d. , 1818: m. Anna Tibbals. 

vii. Ephraim, b. . 1753; d. 18 — ; m. 

16. John* Smith {Ephraim? John? John, 2 John}) lived in Milford and 

"Washington, Conn. He married, February, 1764, Mary Ford 
(born Feb. 2, 1747, died Aug. 18, 1817), daughter of John and 
Mary (Gunn) Ford of Milford. They removed from Milford to 
Washington in 1773, in which town they died between 1810 and 
1820. Children: 

17. i. Samuel, 6 b. Oct. 25, 1765; d. April 15, 1852; m. Lucy Hall, May 17. 

ii. Newton, b. Sept. 2. 1767; d. Jan. 13, 1844; removed to Rochester, 
N. Y. 

18. iii. Amos, b. April 22, 1760; d. Sept. 9, 1853; m. 1st, Polly Logan. Dec. 

14, 1706; 2d, Eunice Clark, Dec. 10, 1804. 
iv. John, b. Sept. 11, 1771; d. Oct. 11, 1774. 

v. Nathan, b. Jan. 15, 1773; d. Feb. 7, 1841; removed to New York. 
vi. Sarah, b. 25, 1776; d. Sept. 8, 1863; m. Hezekiah Baldwin, 

April, 1809. 
vii. Susannah, b. Jan. 22, 1778: d. June 9, 1782. 
viii. John Ford, b. Feb. 15, 1780 ; d. , 1854 ; m. Sally Frisbie, Dec. 

15,1801; removed to Ohio. 
ix. Anthony, b. Feb. 28, 1783; d. May 9, 1875; m. Rebecca Clark, June 

25, 1807. 
x. Lewis, b. Feb. 19, 1785; d. , 1865; m. Sally Davies, April 9, 

1812; removed to New York. 
xi. Susan, b. Nov. 22. 1786 ; d. Nov. 1, 1875 ; m. David Punderson, April 

23, 1806. 
xii. Philo, b. Dec. 15, 1789; d. Nov. 24, 1872; m. Hannah Fenn, May 5. 

xiii. William, b. April 2, 1791; d. March 11, 1792. 

17. Samuel 6 Smith (John? Ephraim? John? John? John 1 ), born in Mil- 
ford ; after 1773 lived and died in Washington, Conn. He married, 
May 17, 178G. Lucy Hall (born 1705, died Nov. 5, 1845), daughter 
of T. Hall of Litchfield, Conn. Children : 

* Grandfather of Judge Ralph D. Smith, of Guilford, Conn., whose memoir is printed in 
the Register, Vol. 29, pp. 326-8. 

1891.] John Smith of Mil ford, Conn. 227 

i. Nancy, 7 b. Dec. 2, 1787; d. October, 1S0G. 

ii. Majulla, b. May 7, 1700; d. 183- ; m. Alauson Allen, May 1, 1816. 

iii. Lucy, b. Sept. 27, 1793; d. March 10, 1841, unmarried. 

19. iv. Samuel Mansfield, b. June 13, 179G; d. Jan. 21, 18G4; m. Eliza 

Wheeler, 1822. 
v. William, b. Oct. 13, 1798 ; d. Jan. 22, 1875 ; m. Julia Stone, Feb. 1824. 
Ti. Lora, b. Nov. 28, 1800; d. June 10, 1841; m. John Gunn, June 16, 

vil. Eufus, b. Nov. 6, 1803; d. 188- ; m. Sally Ann Bacon, Feb. 5, 1832. 
viii. Nancy Jenette, b. March 19, 1806; d. Jan. 3, 1861; m. Truman 

Hollister, Jan. 3, 1827. 

18. Captain Amos 6 Smith (John, 5 Ephraim? John? John? John 1 ), born 

in Milford; after 1773 lived and died in Washington, Conn. He 
was a Captain of an Artillery company of the State Militia, carpen- 
ter and farmer; he married, Dec. 14, 1796, Polly Logan (born May 
26, 1772, died Dec. 11, 1802.) He married, Dec. 10, 1804, for bis 
second wife, Eunice Clark (born Jan. 14, 1776, died Feb. 14, 1854), 
daughter of Ebenezer Clark of Washington (1742-1813) and 
Hannah (Tenney) Clark (1743-1823) of Norwich, Conn. Children : 

i. Polly Abigail, 7 b. Aug. 5, 1798 ; d. April 30, 1828 ; m. Garry 

ii. "William Sedney, b. June 2, 1800; d. Jan. 19,1857; m. Sophia 
Bronson, August, 1837. 

Children, by second marriage: 
iii. Charlotte Brittania, b. Oct. 3, 1805; d. Dec. 12, 1842, unmarried, 
iv. Ebenezer Clark, b. Mav 17, 1807; m. 1st, Jennett E. Lvnde, Nov. 

10, 1839; 2d, Elizabeth R. Osborn, Jan. 30, 1849. 
v. Susan Rebecca, b. May 13, 1809 ; ra. Samuel M. Pond, April 4, 1852. 
Ti. John Homer, b. July 9, 1811; cl. Dec. 28, 1S84; in. Hortense O. 

Knapp, Nov. 10, 1869. 
vii. Fanny Eliza, b. Oct. 3, 1813; d. Feb. 22, 1884, unmarried, 
viii. Augustus, b. Jan. 29, 1816; Grad. Yale Univer. 1842, Yale and 

Andover Theo. Coll. '42-44. 

20. ix„ Elmore, b. Aug. 19, 1819; m. Lucy Bassett, May 8, 1848. 

19. Samuel Mansfield 7 Smith (Samuel? o r ohn? Ephraim? John? John, 2 

John 1 ) lived in Washington, Conn. He married, in 1822, Eliza 
Wheeler (born 1801, died 1S82), daughter of William Wheeler of 
New Britain, Conn. Children : 

i. Nancy, 8 b. Oct. 28, 1823; d. Dec. 15, 1823. 

ii. John Wheeler, b. May 14, 1825; m. George Anna [sic] Wash- 
ington, 1850. 

21. iii. Francis Hickox, b. March 11, 1829 ; m. Anna Eliza Birge, April 14, 

iv. Harriett, b. Sept. 23, 1831; cl. May 1, 1845. 
v. Albert Mansfield, b. May 24, 1841; m. Elizabeth Beeman, 1865. 

20. Elmore 7 Smith (Amos? John? Ephraim? John? John? John 1 ) lived 

in Washington, now resides in New Haven, Conn. Pie married, 
May 8, 1848, Lucy Bassett (born Aug. 14, 1817), daughter of 
Hezekiah Bassett (1774-1850) and granddaughter of Hezekiah 
Bassett (174G-1823) and Medad Atwater (1751-1832), who were 
both members of the 17th New Haven company of the State Militia, 
and took part in repelling the British invasion of New Haven in 
1779. Children: 

i. Robert 8 Atwateii, b. July 2, 1849 ; m. Anna F. Preble Moore, Aug. 

29, 1833. 
ii. Robbins Battell, b. May 10, 1851; m. Oct. 15, 1879, Fannie Dean 

Peters (1S51-18S4). 
VOL. XLV. 21* 

228 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

iii. Alice Augusta, b. Nov. 29, 1853; d. Aug. 25, 1876, unmarried, 

iv. Homer Sidney, b. Sept. 0, 1856; d. Oct. 30, 1858. 

v. Bennett Mouse, b. June 9, 1858 ; m. Nettie Smith, Oct. 25, 1887. 

vi. THANK Augustus, b. Aug. 29, 1861; m. April 16, 1890, Ada A. Hall. 

21. Francis Hickox 8 Smith [Samuel M>? Samuel? John? Ephraim? 

John? John? John 1 ), born in Washington, Conn., has lived in 
Washington, D. C, for more than thirty years. He was for many 
years a Stenographer in Congress. He married April 14, 1S5S, 
Anna E. Birge (born 183-), dau. of Cyrus Birge and Emeline 
Frink of Vermont. 

22. i. Frank 9 Birge, b. March 6, 1S59 ; m. Grace Dyer, Nov. 25, 18S0. 
ii. William Wheeler, b. April 16, 1862; d. Aug. 15, 1862. 

iii. Adeline Eliza, b. April 16, 1862 ; m. Augustus E. Holden, Sept. 10, 

iv. Edwaud Qulncy, b. Feb. 16, 1868; m. Katie M. Shepherd, April 10, 

v. Louis Percy, b. Dec. 10, 1870. 

22. Frank Birge 9 Smith (Francis II.? Samuel M.? Samuel? John? 
Ephraim? John? John? John 1 ) resides in Washington, D. C. He 
married, Nov. 25, 1880, Grace Dyer, daughter of George W. Dyer 
and Mary Kelley of Washington, D. C. Children: 
i. Philip Sidney Dyer, 10 b. Oct. 10, 1881. 

Note. — Any person having additional information will please send to 
R. A. Smith, 31 Lyon Street, New Haven. Conn., or Francis H. Smith, 
1418 F Street, Washington, D. C, Bennett M. Smith, 610 South 12th Street, 
Denver, Col., or Everett Smith, Attorney-at-Law, Seattle, Washington. 


By Henry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, England. 
[Continued from page 165.] 

RiCB d Russell of the city of Hereford the elder, gen*, 10 August, 1627, 
proved i3 June 1628. My body to be buried at the West door in the 
parish of St. Jones in the city of Hereford as near to the grave as may be 
of Jane Russell my late wife deceased. To my cousin Bridget Parry wife 
of Charles Parie, gen*. To Elizabeth Russell daughter of Paul Russell 
deceased. To Katherine Scroope the daughter of my sister Winifred 
Scroope. To my said sister Winifred Scroope. To the four sons of mv 
cousin Robert Russell of Whitefilde in the Co. of Hereford, deceased, viz 1 
Hugh (his eldest son), William, Robert and Richard Russell. To the four 
daughters of the aforesaid Robert Russell, viz 1 Alles, Mary, Winifride and 
Bridget Russell. To Frances Bridges the grandchild of Jane, my late wife 
deceased. To my maid servant Anne Jeffres and Jane Jeffres, my late 
servant. To my cousin William Russell senior. To my cousin Richard 
Ravenhill junior and to my sister Ellenor Ravenhill. To Mr. Charles 
Parrie, to Mary, wife of James Scrivenor, to Mr. James Lane and his wife 
Katherine Lane. To Francis Lyde. My cousin James Scrivenor. Edward 
Russell of London. Ann Holland wife of Richard Holland, tanner. James 
Russell of London, girdler. Richard and James Ravenhill the sons of 
Richard Ravenhill junior. Thomas Quarrell of the City of Hereford mer- 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 229 

cer. Richard Russell of Caldicote. Elizabeth Griffiths wife of William 
Griffitts sadler. Katherine Roath wife of William Wroath. Katherine 
Smith wife of Thomas Smith of Wesson gen'. Anne wife of Hopkin 
Protheroath. The three sons of Paul Russell deceased, viz* James, Paul 
and Richard Russell. My four godchildren, viz* Richard Smith of Wessou, 
Roger Simons, Bartholomew Taylor and Elinor Quarrel!. The poor of 
every ward in the City of Hereford. The live children of my cousin Hugh 
Russell deceased. Residue of personal estate to Frances Bridges and 
Anne Jeffres equally. My executors to be my loving kinsman William 
Russell the elder, gen*", and Francis Lyde, goldsmith. 

Barrington, 63. 

Mary Eytox of St. Stephens, within the city of Bristol, widow 30 April 
1045, proved 20 April 1646. To be buried in St. Stephen's Church 
near my late husband William Eyton deceased. To my dear and loving 
mother fifty pounds (and certain silver &c). My brother Richard Robinson. 

I give and bequeath to my kinsman Mr. James Russell the other of those 
two cups which were my grandmother's and which my said mother shall re- 
fuse, and also twenty pounds in money to make him and his wife rings. I 
give and bequeath to my cousin Mr. Paul Russell twenty pounds of lawful 
money of England as a token of my love. I give and bequeath to my god 
daughter, my cousin Mr. Richard Russell's daughter, twenty pounds &c. as 
a token and six silver " Postell spoons," which were her great-grand- 
mother's. To my cousin Elizabeth Derricke twenty pounds, my cypress 
chest (and other things). I give and bequeath to my cousin Mr. James 
Russell's daughter my best suite of Holland of laid work and fringed. I 
give and bequeath to my cousin Richard Russell's daughter Catherine my 
best suite of diaper, two pair of sheets and a pair of pillowbeeres and a side 
board cloth laced round and wrought round. To my cousin Elizabeth 
Bamptou ten pounds, and her husband shall not have anything to do there- 
with, but it shall wholly be at her disposing. To my god daughter Elizabeth 
Fox forty shillings. To my cousin Hiscocks, his daughter, my god daughter, 
forty shillings. To my cousin Milieu's two daughters, my late husband's 
god daughter and mine, Catherine and Mary, fifty pounds equally to be 
divided between them, so that they do not molest, trouble, sue or vex in the 
law mine executrix for either of their legacies given them by my said husband 
William Eyton deceased. To my godson Hugh Kelly five pounds. To 
Mary Reade dau. of William Reade. To Dorothy Eyton my cousin John 
Eyton's daughter. My cousin Elizabeth Dearges living in London, daugh- 
ter of Edward Russell, and her two children. My kinswoman Mary 
Hathway, daughter of Thomas Hathway and Margaret his wife, to be 
residuary legatee and executrix. None of her kindred by her father's side 
shall have anything to do with my gifts to her. Twisse, 45. 

[In October, 1889 (See Register, Vol. 43, pp. 425-6), I gave abstracts of the 
wills of the father and grandfather of Richard Russell of Charlestown. The 
two preceding wills also refer to him. According to Wyman's Genealogies 
and Estates of Charlestown, Richard Russell, sou of Paul, of Hereford, born 
1611, apprenticed at Bristol, England, 4 Oct. 1628, arrived 1C40 with wife; both 
admitted to the church 23.3.1641. He was a merchant, representative, Coun- 
cillor. Speaker, Treasurer and Assistant. He married, first, Maud Pitt, who 
died li'i.VJ. and. secondly, Mary Chester, who died 30 Nov. 1688:, aged about 80. 
He died 14.3.1670, in the 65 th year of his age. Iu his will, made 20.5. 1674, he 
mentioned wife Mary, her three daughters and seven grandchildren, Whiting, 
son James and his family, daughter Roswell and her sou, daughter Graves and 
her children, sister Mrs. Elizabeth Corbet of Bristol, sister "Sarah Russell of 

230 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July? 

Bristol, sister in law Mary Newell and her sons Joseph and John, James Cary 
and others. He bequeathed one hundred pounds to Harvard College and made 
large bequests to the town and church. The "sister-in-law Mary Newell" 
mentioned by him is recorded as " relict of Andrew Newell of ye City of Bris- 
tol, merchaut," and " daughter of William Pitt, Sheriff of the City of Bristol." 
For notes on the family of 1'itt of Bristol see previous number of Gleanings, 
relating to the Holworthy family. — Henry F. Waters.] 

Joseph Mate of the Strand, in the county of Middlesex, gentleman, 
5 (?) March 1631, proved 15 February 1635. To the poor of the parish 
of Savoy forty shillings. To my sister Susan ten pounds. To my sister 
Ellen a ring of twenty shillings. To my cousin Benjamin Cheland (sic) 
five pounds. To my cousin Thomas Moyne thirty pounds, my brother 
Nathaniel's son, to be given him at the discretion of my executor, or if he 
die in the wars four years after to his "dafter" thirty pounds. 

"Item I give to my cozen Cornelius Maye fyve pounds, to be paid him as 
his Uncle Phinees Maye cloth thinke fitt. But if he dye at sea I only give his 
sonne that was borne in Virginea/' Item I give to my cousin Mathyas 
children to be ordered by my executor. To my cousin Thomas Collynes 
five pounds and to all his sisters a ring of twenty shillings apiece, 
and a ring to his wife of like price. To my cousin William Collyns and 
his wife a ring of twenty shillings apiece. To my Jane Primrose five 
pounds and to her sister Elizabeth Maye forty shillings. To the young 
man that dweileth at Tavistock* called Joseph Maye. To a goldsmith 
wife called Mary Ratcliffe in Exon. Others. My brother Phynies Maye 
to be executor, &c, In witness whereto I set my name and seal 10 July 
1632. Item to Manuell Maye my kinsman, Joseph Maye. Let my 
brother Phinees remember better Mathias children and my cousin Thomas 
Maye. A ring to my brother Collyns. A ring to my cousin John Beare 
and to my cousin John Sherman. 20 November 1635. 

A codicil (made on death bed about 20 Nov. 1635). His cousin Benja- 
min Clevelartdt should have but forty shillings, whereas is expressed in the 
said wiil x lb (? v lb ). His cousin John Sherman should have nothing. His 
cousin Joseph May of Tavistock should have nothing. Pile, 9. 

Peter Randolph of Chatsworth in the county of Henrico Esq. 4 May 
1767, proved 21 Oct. 1768. To my dear wife Lucy the land and plantation 
known by the name of Chatsworth, with all the slaves, horses and stocks of 
all kinds thereon at the time of my death, and all my household furniture, 
plate, linen and china, likewise my chariot and horses for and during her 
natural life, to be in lieu and satisfaction of her dower. And that she may 
be the better enabled to support herself and entertain my children I like- 
wise give unto my said wife fifty pounds sterling during her natural life in 
case she thinks fit to demand it of my executors; and also that the house 
may be supplied with provisions from my plantations in as plentiful a 
manner as was in my lifetime &c. To son William all the estate bequeathed 
unto his mother, after her death, and my tract of land in Chesterfield 
County called Skin Quarter, with all the slaves, stocks and horses thereon, 
and the tract of land I purchased of Robert Munford lying on Stanton 
River, with all the slaves &c. To my son Beverley my tract of land in 
Cumberland County known by the name of the Fork, and two tracts of 
land on Roanoke River which I purchased of Thomas Nash, containing 
about thirteen hundred acres &c. To my son Robert three tracts of land 

* A line run through " dweileth at Tavistock."— h. f. w. 
t See Cheland above.— h. f. w. 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 231 

on Roanoke River, that is to say, the land which I purchased of Col 
Bannister, that which I purchased of Thomas Douglas, lying on Dan River 
and the land I purchased of Hampton Wade, lying on Stanton River, the 
whole being about three thousand acres &c. To daughter Ann Fitzhugh 
three hundred and fifty pounds. My two acres of land in Chesterfield 
opposite to Chatsworth to my three sons, in common, for the accommodation 
of their servants, slaves and horses, to bring down tobacco to the ware- 
house. Residue to son William. Col. Archibald Gary, Col. Richard Ran- 
dolph, John Wayles and Seth Ware Sen 1 * to be executors. 

Wit. : Carter Braxton, John ITylton and Anthony Hay. 

In the Probate Act he is called the Hon. Peter Randolph, late Surveyor 
Gen 1 of H. M. Customs for the Middle Western District of North America. 

Seeker, 393. 

[See Bishop Meade's Old Churches, Ministers aud Families of Virginia, vol. I. 
pp. 138-40.— Editor.] 

Sibell Fryer of New Sarum, widow of John Fryer of the same city, 
innholder, 29 December 1635, proved 23 February 1635. To my grand- 
child Margaret Brook who now lives in house with me twenty pounds at 
her age of eighteen. My late husband's son George Fryer. 

Item I give unto John Bennett, now iu New England, five pounds if he 
be living, and unto Mary Sharp© daughter of my husband's eldest daughter 
I give five pounds. To the two eldest daughters of my daughter in law 
Mary Owen five pounds apiece, at fourteen. To my two daughters in law 
Julyan Sharpe and Mary Owen ten pounds apiece. To my daughter Ann 
Jempson ten pounds in regard of a promise made unto her of satisfaction 
for putting her life out of a leasehold which is settled on my daughter 
Margaret. All the rest to my two daughters Margaret Good and Anne 
Jempson whom I ordain &c. sole executrixes. 

Wit: Ambrose Hewes, Mary Godfrey, Willium Jemson, Robert Good, 
William Derbie. Pile, 19. 

[There was a John Bennett in that part of Salem afterwards set off as Marble- 
head, who had a grant, in 1638, of four acres '-upon John Peaches Necke." 
"William Keene and Nicholas Liston had grants of land on the same neck, which 
now goes by the name of Peach's Poiut, and is the summer home of Messrs. 
George W. Benson, Benjamin W. Crowninshield, and others. — Henby F. 

Richard Spencer of London, gen*, 17 March 1645, with a codicil 
bearing date 29 May 1646, proved 8 June 1646. To Thomas Spencer, 
son of my brother Thomas Spencer, all my copyhold lauds and tene- 
ments by me purchased of the creditors of Walter Marston, situate in 
Kingsbury Street near St. Albans, in the co. of Hertford, iu the parish 
of St. Michael. To Daniel Spencer of London, grocer, son of my 
brother John Spencer deceased, all those eight messuages or tenements 
&c. lately by me purchased of John Gearing, grocer, from and after the 
decease of Margaret Greene of London, widow, situate in the parish 
of St. Margaret Lothbury in London. To Sarah Bland and Hannah 
Bland, daughters of my sister Katherine Bland deceased, and to Elizabeth 
Tomlyns, widow, daughter of my brother Jarrard Spencer deceased, my 
messuage or tenement situate in Grace Church Street, near the great Inn 
called the Crosse Keys, late in the tenure of William Toone or his assigus, 
to be equally divided between them, by the rents, issues and profits thereof 
during their natural lives. And afier the decease of the said Elizabeth 
Tomlyns and Hauna then I give and devise the said messuage aud teue- 

232 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

merit unto the said Sarah Bland and her heirs forever. To the said Daniel 
Spencer all my lands and tenements in the counties of Kent and Essex, he 
to pay unto Anthony Spencer and Jarrard Spencer, sons of my brother 
Thomas Spencer deceased, and unto the two children of Margaret Spencer 
deceased, now in or near London and at the disposing of Elizabeth Carter 
their aunt, the sum of thirty pounds yearly. during their natural lives, i. e. 
ten pounds per annum to the said two children or their guardians in their 
minorities, or the survivor of them, and ten pounds apiece to the said 
Anthony Spencer and Jarrard Spencer, to be paid unto them and their 
guardians by half yearly payments as the rents of the said lands and tene- 
ments shall grow due after my decease. 

Item I give and bequeath unto Jarrard Spencer, Thomas Spencer, 
Michaell Spencer, sons of my brother Jarrard Spencer deceased, the sum 
of fifty pounds apiece, and unto the children of William Spencer, son of my 
said brother Jarrard Spencer deceased, to be divided between them equally, 
the sum of fifty pounds, to be paid unto their guardians, and within two 
years next after my decease. 

To Thomas Martyn and Mary his wife, now dwelling with me, the re- 
maining term to come in my dwelling house and the hangings and pictures 
in the two rooms thereof, with all partitions in the upper rooms of it or 
elsewhere. To Edward Terrey vintner, my kinsman, one hundred and 
thirty pounds which he oweth me by bond. And I bequeath unto him and 
Elizabeth his wife, my sister's daughter, thirty pounds, within three years 
&c. The rest to Daniel Spencer whom I make and ordain sole executor. 

Wit: John Norburie, William Norburie. Twisse, 79. 

[In the June Term of Essex Co. Court (Salem), 1671, in a trial of the case of 
John Ruck, Administrator, versus Joseph Armitage, the following paper was 
put in : 

" Boston : in New England y e 19 Jan'y, 1648. 

Att thirty dayes sight of this my seacond bill of exchange (my first & third of 
the same tenour & date not being payed) pay unto M r . Thomas Ruck, haber- 
dasher, att the Seauen Starres on London Bridge, or to his assignes, the some 
of thirty pounds sterly & is part of the Legacy gyuen mee by my Unckle Richard 
Spencer & the pavement hereof shalbee your discharge for soe much at day, pray 
you make good payement & place it to acco. : I say pay £30 : 00 : 00." 

(Signed) " Michaell Spenser." 

" The i lyrection is— To my Louinge Cousen Mr. Danyell Spenser Grocer in 
Eriday Streete in London." 

This bill was protested by Joshua Mainett, Notary and Tabellion publick of 
London, who reported that "the said Danyell Spencer answered that hee will 
pay noe monneyes nor haue to doe with the say d bill of exchange." 

The above case was referred to the arbitration of Capt. Roger Spenser and 
Christopher Law son. 

I find i;hat Michael and Jarrard Spencer were both at Lynn, for a while, and 
that Timothy Tomlin owned land uext to the latter. Henry E. Waters.] 

John Style of Stebonheath ah Stepney, Middlesex 2G October 1G85, 
with a codicil referring to a former will bearing date 25 March 1G80; 
proved 30 July 1GSG and again 31 August 1GSG. To Elizabeth Nurse 
thirty pounds and to Frances Walshall seventy pounds, to be abated to 
them upon their paying the sum of six hundred pounds, remainder of mort- 
gage chargeable on Glassenbury house in Smithrield. To Mr. Matthew 
Meade, sometime minister of Stepney, twenty pounds, to Dr. Ainslow of 
Spittlesfields ten pounds, to Seth Powell of Barnard's Inn, London, gent, 
ten pounds. To my sister in law Mrs. Elizabeth Short twenty shillings to 
buy her a ring. To her son Peter Short five pounds. To Mrs. Lisle 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 233 

forty shillings to buy her a ring. To Mrs. Mildmay, daughter to Mrs. 
Brewster four pounds. To Mrs. Taylor, wife of Mr. Taylor of "Barking, 
ten pounds. To Mr. Graves, sometime minister of Stepney, five pounds. 

To Henderson, my god daughter, five pounds. To William Burrough 

of Staple Inn, London, gzn*., whom I do make whole and sole executor, 
forty pounds; and he shall, from time to time, when required, give a true 
account of the management to the above named Seth Powell, whom I make 
overseer. To my servant Pulizabeth Vere all the household goods. 

Lastly I give to my nephew George Burrough of New England, clerk, 
all my books and all other my estate whatsoever or wheresoever not before 
devised, which shall, from time to time and in such manner as he and the 
said Mr. Powell shall desire, be consigned or remitted to him by my said 
executor, or else the said legacy of forty pounds to him given shall be void. 

In the codicil he confirms the devise made in the earlier will to Richard 
Hoare, citizen and goldsmith, of the capital messuage in West Smithrield 
known as the Giassenbury house, together with four messuages in Cock 
Lane, St. Sepulchre's, and gives to Mr. Austin Brewster forty shillings to 
buy him a ring. Lloyd, 101. 

[George Burrough, named as a nephew in the above will of John Style, was 
" the most prominent victim of the witchcraft fanaticism of 1692." Accounts 
of him will be found in Sibley's Harvard Graduates, vol. 2, pp. 323-34; and 
Upham's Salem Witchcraft, vol. 1, pp. 255-68, vol. 2, 140-63, 296-304, 480, 482, 
514 ; besides in various other books. Sibley says that he wrote his name Burrough 
"in Sewall's receipt book for a bill of exchange drawn on his ' cousin-german 
W m Burrough of London.'" This William Burrough is probably the person 
whom Mr. Style appoints his executor. The Rev. George Burrough wrote his 
surname. Burroughs in the latter part of his life, as is shown in the facsimile 
of his autograph in Upham's Witchcraft, vol. 1, p. 280. In the Roxbury church 
record it is spelled Burrows. He was admitted to full communion in the church 
at Roxbury, April 12, 1674, and had a daughter Rebecca baptized there the 
same day, and a son George baptized Nov. 25, 1675. It is probable that lie 
was a son of " M r3 Rebecca Burrows who," according to the Roxbury church 
records, " came fro Virginia y l she might enjoy God in his Ordin. in N. E." and 
who, Nov. 29, 1674, was " recommended & dismissed, she going for England." 
(Register, vol. 33, p. 239.) 

George Burrough was graduated at Harvard College in 1670, and was a preacher 
at Casco, now Portland, Maine, as early as 1674. Here he resided when the 
place was destroyed by the Indians, Aug. 11, 1676. He preached at Salem 
Village, now Danvers, from November, 1680, to March, 1683. As early as June, 
1685, he returned to Casco, which settlement was again destroyed by the French 
and Indians, May 20, 1690. He then went to Wells, where he was preaching 
when the witchcraft excitement broke out. He was apprehended at Wells, May 
4, 1692, and carried to Salem, where he was tried for witchcraft and condemned. 
He was executed on Gallows Hill, August 19, 1692. — Editor.] 

Edward Sammes of London, grocer, proved 26 February 1635. To 
wife Bennett one third of my whole estate according to the laudable custom 
of the city of Londou. One other third to my children unprovided, viz* 
Martha, Elizabeth, Edward, John and William. To daughter Margaret, 
already preferred in marriage, forty shillings to buy her a ring, and to her 
husband Edward Parker forty shillings to buy him a ring. Copyhold lands 
in Barking, Essex, and lauds in Mark's Teye, Feering and Aldum which I 
bought of my cousin Doctor Sammes to my wife for life ; afterwards the 
lands in Barkiug to son Edward, remainder to son William. To Edward 
the houses and lands at Maldon, Essex, given me by Mrs. Anastace Went- 
worth. To son John the lauds bought of Dr. Sammes, with remainder to 
William and then to Edward. To son Edward the reversion of a copyhold 

234 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

lying in Hoyden near Dysse in Norfolk. To my loving cousins Dr. 
Saimnes and his wife forty shillings apiece, to buy them rings; to my 
brother in law Dr. Wright and his wife, each forty shillings &c. ; to my 
brother in law Nathaniel Wright and his wife, each forty shillings &c; to 

M r Browne preacher of St. Ellen's four pounds and to my cousin 

Stone preacher iu New England five pounds. To Mr. Thomas Stock and 
his wife forty shillings. Pile, 21. 

[Edward Sammes, the testator, was a son of Henry Sammes of Totham in 
Essex, and his pedigree is found in the Visitation of London of 1633 (Harleian 
Society's Publications, vol. 17, p. 224). He married Bennet, daughter of John 
Wright of Hum Cord in Essex. His eldest son Edward was 12 years old in 1633. 
There are pedigrees of Sammes, evidently the same family, in the Visitation of 
Essex, 1634, Harleian Soc. Tub., vol. 13, pp. 482-3. The cousin Stone named 
was, I presume, Rev. Samuel Stone of Hartford, Ct. — Editor.] 

Anne Towers of Maydstone, Kent, widow, 29 October 1653, proved 
21 March 1G54 (English style). To the poor of the parish of Maidstone 
five pounds, to be. distributed at the discretion of My brother M r Thomas 
Taylor of Maidstone. To my daughter Mrs. Dorothy Hathway of Maid- 
stone, widow, that house &c. wherein John Chantler liveth, the which I 
lately bought of Mr. Matthew Morse. To my said daughter Hathway 
my house and lands, together with my parsonage tythes in Barsted, Kent, 
all which are in the tenure and occupation of William Wells of Barsted. 
But my daughter Hathway shall pay to my dear mother Mrs. Dorothy 
Taylor of Maidstone, during her natural life an annuity of ten pounds per 
annum. Provision made for John Taylor, eldest son of brother Mr. 
Taylor, and for his brothers. Provides also for the payment of one hun- 
dred pounds to my daughter Mrs. Anne Sams, wife of Mr. John Sams of 
Coggeshail in Essex, clerk. Also for the supplying of my sister Mary 
Chambers with necessaries and for the better education and putting out of 
her children. 

My daughter Dorothy Hathway to be executrix and brother Mr. Thomas 
Taylor and kinsman Mr John Turner of Maidstone to be overseers. 

Christopher Gorham and Thomas Meriam witnesses. Aylett, 342. 

[Mr. John Sams, mentioned in the will of Anne Towers, came to New-England 
in 1640, according to Savage, and settled in Eoxbury. He held land in that 
town which, in 1642, after his removal, was taken by execution to satisfy a 
' debt of £50. lbs. due Gov. Thomas Dudley (Suffolk Deeds, Lib. I. fol. 37-3, 81). 
Calamy says that lie had his education in New-England. He was appointed 
Vicar of Kelvedou in Essex, Sept. 9, 1647, by the Committee for Plundered 
Ministers. He was still at Kelvedon in 1650, as appears by the Parliamentary 
return of that year. He succeeded Dr. John Owen as Vicar of Coggeshail in the 
same county as early as 1653. On the 11th July, 1654, Deborah, daughter of 
Jo. and Anne Sames. " vicar," was baptized there. He was ejected from 
Coggeshail under the Bartholomew act. Afterwards he set up a separate meeting 
in that place, of which he died pastor. He was buried at Coggeshail, Dec. 16, 
1672. His funeral sermon was preached by Thomas Lowry from Isaiah lxiii. 1, 2. 
(See Beaumont's History of Coggeshail, pp. 62 and 141; Davids's Annals of 
Evangelical Non-conformity in Essex, pp. 363-5; Calamy's Ejected Ministers, 
vol. II. p. 305; Palmer's Non-conformists' Memorial, ed. 1778, vol. I. p. 498.) — 

Francis Benskin of St. Martin in the fields, Middlesex, Esq re 26 Sep- 
tember 1G91, proved 2 January 1091. To loving friends Edmund Wyatt 
of Maidstone, Kent, Serg* at Law, Kichard Bings the elder Esq™, Edmund 
Ogar Esq/ e and Thomas Whitfield, Scrivener, &c. all that my messuage &c. 
in Oxendou Street, St. Martin's, wherein I now dwell, for the term of years 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 235 

I have to come in the same by virtue of a Lease &c. in trust, to suffer my 
dear wife, Frances Benskin, to take and receive to her own use the rents 
thereof during her natural life, if she keep herself a widow, except one 
room up one pair of stairs forward and the furniture thereof, which I give 
and dispose to the use of my daughter Frances Benskin &c. And after 
the decease or marriage of my said wife then they shall permit and suffer 
my said daughter and the heirs of her body and, for want of such issue, my 
son Thomas Benskin and the heirs of his body, and, for want of such issue, 
my son Henry Benskin and the heirs of his body, and, for want of such 
issue, my cousin Edward Benskin, his executors, administrators and assigns, 
to take and receive the rents &c. of my said messuage to her, his and their 
use successively. All my plate to my wife. Eight hundred pounds to my 
daughter at her age of twenty years. Five hundred pounds to my son 
Thomas, payable out of a certain mortgage or estate in Leicestershire 
granted unto me and my son Thomas by John Platts and Theophilus Ber- 
nard. To my son Henry Benskin of Virginia two hundred pounds within 
one year. To my kinsman Edward Benskin twenty pounds. 

Fane, 3. 

[For will of Henry Benskin see Gleanings, Part I. p. 106, Register, Vol. 39, 
p. 165.— h. f. w.] 

"William Spencer of Cheriton 14 August 1596, proved 20 September 
1596. To my daughter Joanna fifty pounds, to be put out for her use (by 
the advice of my wife, M r Richard Burden, parson of Tysted, Mr. Stephen 
Bacheler, minister of Whenoell [Wherwell ? ], my brother John Spencer, 
and John Osgood, my wife's brother), until her age of eighteen years or day 
of marriage. To my second daughter Alice Spencer two and forty pounds, 
to be put out according to the order aforesaid. To my daughter Anna 
Spencer forty pounds to be put forth accordingly. To my mother my 
sealing ring. To my eldest son John Spencer fifty pounds, whom I commit 
to the tuition of my mother during her life, and after her to my wife again, 
and his portion to be put out for his use according to a godly course until he 
be of the age of one and twenty years. To my son 'William forty pounds, 
to be employed as the rest before until he come to one and twenty years of 
age. To Mary Peto six pence. To my brother John Osgood my best suit 
of apparell with my rapier and dagger. To my si ter Elizabeth Osgood 
forty shillings. To my brother Robert Osgood and to Richard Osgood and 
to Peter Osgood twelve pence apiece. I give a certain little gold ring to 
my brother John Spencer. To my mother in law ten shillings in gould. 
To my brother Thomas Spencer two shillings. To all my brothers and 
brothers in law their children four pence apiece. The rest of my goods to 
wife Margaret whom I ordain and constitute sole executrix ; and do appoint 
M r Richard Burden, M r Stephen Bacheler, John Osgood and John Spencer 
my overseers. To my cousin Carpenter ten pounds. My cousin Edw: 
Spicer and William Lydall owe me &c. Others. Stephen Bachiler one of 
the witnesses. Drake, 67. 

[Margaret, wife of William Spencer the testator, was probably a daughter of 
Peter Osgood, either of Upper or of Nether Wallop, Hants, whose will, dated 
January 2G, 1585-6, was proved Feb. 21 (see Register, vol. 20, page 23). Peter 
left a daughter Margaret, and also sons Robert, Richard, Peter and Johu and a 
daughter Elizabeth. Spencer makes bequests to persons of these names as his 
brothers and sister. " Robert Osgood, son of Peter and named in his will, was 
that Robert of Wherwell (a parish adjoining the Wallops) whose will dated 
Aug. 25, 1630, was proved Nov. 17 of the saine year." Osgood Pield, F.S.A., 
VOL. XLV. 22 

236 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

who contributed to the Register the article above referred to, supposes the John 
Osgood, who settled at Andover, Mass. (and who according to his will was born 
July 23, 1595), was a son of Robert and graDdson of Peter Osgood. — Editor.] 

Edmund Alleyn of Hatfield Peverell, Essex, Esq" 19 February 1615, 
proved 27 September 1616. To be buried within the chaucel of the parish 
church of Hatfield Peverell under the gravestone of my great grandfather 
Gyles Leigh. To wife Alice all the plate, implements of household and 
other moveables she brought unto me at our intermarriage, and one carpet 
of needlework which I bought of my cousin Alabaster Wentworth &c. 
The rest of my goods &c. to my wife during her natural life, and after her 
death to be divided into three equal parts, one to be at the free disposition 
of my said wife another to my son Edward Aleyne, my daughter Elizabeth 
Castell and my daughter Mary Hall and the last third to remain to such 
charitable uses as hereafter shall follow. To son Robert Castell, geir, my 
manor or farm called Bowers, in Woodham Walter, Essex, he to pay unto 
my six grand daughters, Martha Alleyne, Constance, Martha and Eliza- 
beth Castell and Margaret and Martha Hall, one hundred marks apiece at 
their days of marriage or ages of one and twenty, and to my son Edward's 
three sons, Edmund, George and Robert, towards their education &c. twenty 
pounds a year, and to his own sons, Robert and Edmund Castell twenty 
marks a year &c, and to Susan the wife of Josias Franke one hundred 
pouuds within one year after the death of her said husband Franke. To son 
Edward, my manor and farm of Plomborough in Hockly Essex. Provision 
made for the stipend and allowance of the Vicar of Hatfield, and my cousin 
John Stable (or Stuble) now incumbent, to hold his lands free of tythe 
during his abode there in the ministry. To Mr. Buckley teu pounds and 
to Mr. Bachelour five pounds. Other clergymen named. A bequest to 
Edmund Franke, son of Josias. 

Stephen Bacheler was one of the witnesses. Cope, 87. 

[Edmund Alleyne of Hatfield Peverell, the testator, was a grandson of John 1 
Alleyne of Thaxted in Essex, and his wife Margaret, daughter of Giles Leigh 
of Walton, in Surrey. His father John 2 married Margaret Alabaster. Edmund 
married Martha, dau. and co-heiress of John Glascock of Powers Hall, Witham 
in Essex. She died June 5, 1593. He died Sept. 12, 1616. His eldest son 
Edward was created a baronet, June 24, 1620 (See Wotton's English Baronetage, 
London. 1741, vol. 2, pp. 150-1, and Harleian Society's Publications, vol. 13, pp. 
133-4 and 333-4). His other children were John, Henry, Elizabeth who married 
Robert Castell, Mary who married Hall, Ann and Agnes. 

John Stable was presented to the living of Hatfield Peverell, Aug. 8, 1605. 
" Edm. Alleyne, Gen." was the patron. (See Newcourt's Repertorium, vol. 2, p. 
313.)— Editor.] 

Matthew Wynge of Banbury, Oxon, taylor, 9 August 1614, proved 15 
November 1614. To be buried in the church yard there. To the poor of 
Banbury ten shillings. To eldest son Fulk the lease of the house in which 
I now dwell and twenty pouuds in money. To second son Thomas thir- 
teen pounds. To third son John forty shillings. To son in law Robert 
Chamberlain ten pounds. To daughter Johanne twenty shillings. To the 
children of eldest son Fulk, viz 4 Anne, Dorcas, Mary, Matthew. To John 
the son of my second son Thomas. To Debora Wynge the daughter of 
my third son John, and to John, his son. To John Nicholls sou of John 
Nicholls my sou in law. To William Wynge the son of my fourth son 
James. To Thomas Chaumberlayne son of Robert Chaumberlayne my son in 
law. To the children of Richard Gullius, John, Thomas and Phebe. Sons 
Fulk and Thomas to be executors. Lawe, 111. 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 237 

John Winge late of the Hague in Holland, clerk, now living in St. 
Mary Aldermary, London, 2 November 1629, proved 4 August 1630. 
Certain lands (freehold) in Cuckston and Stroud, Kent, shall be sold as 
soon as conveniently may be and the money thereof arising shall be, with 
all my other goods &c. divided into two equal parts, the one to be had, re- 
ceived and enjoyed unto and by my loving wife Debora and the other part 
or moiety to be equally and indifferently had, parted, divided and enjoyed 
unto and amongst all my children, share and share alike, except unto and 
by my daughter Deborah whom I have already advanced in marriage. 
Wife Deborah to be executrix and Edward Foord of London, merchant, 
and Andrew Blake of Stroud in Kent, yeoman, overseers. 

Scroope, 73. 

[The following extracts from Q. R. Miscell, 560 (Licenses to pass beyond the 
Sea, Eliz. to Car. I.), were made in the Public Record Office two or three years 

xxii Junii 1624, Debora Wynge xxxii years old, wife of Mr. Jn° Winge 
preacher resident in Vlishing w^ her two children, viz* Steephen iii yeares 
old and Debora Winge xiii yeares old vrs. iVm. 

(Q. R. Miscell, 560-2.) 

[This will, taken in connection with what I printed in the Register in October, 
1884, and January, 1885, seems to give the Wing Pedigree as follows : 
Matthew 1 Wing, of Banbury, died 1614, had sons : 
Fulk, 2 had son Matthew. 
Thomas, 2 had son John. 
John, 2 had son John. 
James, 2 bad son William. 

Rev. John 2 Wing, "pastor of the English Puritan Church at Middleborough 
in Zeeland," married Deborah, daughter of Rev. Stephen Bacheler, and died at 
London in 1630. He had : 

Deborah, 3 b. 1611. 

John, 3 b. 1613 or thereabouts, of Yarmouth. 

Stephen, 3 b. 1621, of Sandwich. 

Daniel, 3 of Sandwich. 

Matthew, 3 had a son John, who died young. 
The will of Rev. John, here given, enables us to expunge entirely Savage's 
reference to a first John W. of Sandwich. He did not come, but his widow 
Deborah (Baehiler) did, with her children. As she was born in 1502, it is certain 
that she was not the "old goody Wing" buried at Yarmouth in 1692, as we 
must not create a centennarian. — W. H. Whitmore.] 

23 Junii 1631, Steephen Bachiller aged 70 yeres, resident at South 
Stonham in Com. Southampton et uxor Hellen of age xlviii yeeres, vrs 
Slushing to visite their sonns and daughters, and so to returne within two 
moneths. xxv° Junii 1631, Ann Sandburn of age 30 yeres, widowe 
resident in ye strand, vrss. Vlishing. (Q. R. Miscell, 5G0-22.) 

[This reference to Rev. Stephen Baehiler is very interesting, as it proves the 
correctness of the reports as to his great age. This wife Helen, aged 48 years 
in 1631, is of course the one who came here with him, and who is termed by 
Winthrop in 1641 "a lusty, comely woman." As Bachiler's daughter, Deborah 
Wing, was a mother in 1611. she was born in 15L>0 to 1595. Mrs. Helen Bacheler, 
born in 1583, could not be her mother, and was therefore a second wife. In the 
article printed in the Register for October, 1873, on the Daltons and Batchellers, 
I copied a letter from Stephen B. sou of Rev. S. in 1685, speaking of his uncle 
Francis Mercer's will, his cousin Thomas M. (who was son of Peter M.) and 
cousin Pryaulx. Perhaps Mr. Waters will hereafter find these Mercers.— W. H. 

See also the preceding wills of William Speucer and Edmund Alleyn.— Ed.] 

238 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

Washington : — 

The following article by Mr. James Greenstreet on " The Ancestry of 
General Washington" appeared in "The Genealogist" for January, 1891 : 

It is due, I think, to the memory of Colonel Chester that it should be known 
he long ago travelled over much the same ground as that which Mr. H. F. 
Waters has made public in his recent pamphlet; and which he speaks of (p. 8) ,* 
unwittingly, as though it had been hitherto an untrodden track. As far back 
as 1864, Colonel Chester was aware of the connection with Luton; and on p. 
74 of his Washington notebook, in the College of Arms, the Admon. of 30 May, 
1677, [re-] "discovered"! by Mr. Waters, in 1884 or 18S5, will be found duly 
set out. 

Following the same chain of facts as Mr. Waters has since done, Colonel 
Chester likewise went to the Tring Registers, but unfortunately only by proxy ; 
and, still more unfortunately, he rested contented with the information sent to 
him by that proxy. Had Colonel Chester gone to Tring and examined the 
books himself, in all probability Mr. Waters would have been entirely fore- 
stalled twenty years back.]: On page 35 of his notebook, the Colonel has copied 
a letter he received from Tring, from which it will be seen that he never knew 
the Registers there actually chronicled the baptism of a Lawrence, son of the 
Rev. Lawrence Washington. 

"From same [Rev. C. J. Robinson, curate of Great Berkhampstead, Herts], 
May 16, 1861. 

" ' I have searched carefully the Par. Reg TS of Tring, co. Herts, from 1580 to 
1710. The only entries of the name of Washington which I could find are 
these : 

' 1641. Oct. 14, William, soun of Mr. Larrance Washenton.' — 

'1654-5. Jan. 19, Mrs. Washington.' — Buried. 
' No occurrence of the name is to be found among the Marriages ; but I should 
add that the Registers have been ill kept, and there are many gaps in them.' " 

Since the publication of Mr. Waters's pamphlet, I have been able to identify 
the Chancery suit referred to by Colonel Chester in 1866 — see Mr. Whitmore's 
additions to the pamphlet, at p. 50. § 

Chancery Proceedings, Charles I., Bills and Answers, Bundle WW 35, No. 43. 
Washington versus Browne. 

Bill of complaint [exhibited " 20 Oct. 1640"] of " your daylie oratour Law- 
rence Washington, of Furleyn [sic], in the Countie of Essex, cl[erk, That] 
whereas your said oratour, in or about the moneth of July in the eight yeare of 
his Ma des rnigne that now is, was indebted vnto John Browne, of the Citty of 
Oxford, ir the summe of sixtie & nyne pounds &, eighteene shillings, or 
thereabouts, And for security of payment thereof, at a day betweene him & 

* Register, vol. 43, p. 382. — Editor of Register. 

t Surely Mr. Greenstreet does not mean that Mr. Waters ought to have called his find- 
ing this admon. a " re-discovery " when neither he nor the public had any knowledge of 
a previous discovery. Mr. Waters had no opportunity, as far as he knew, of seeing Col. 
Chester's collections and learning what he had found.— Editor of Register. 

X We think that Mr. Greenstreet is hardly warranted in saying that, "Had Colonel 
Chester gone to Tring and examined the books himself, in all probability Mr. Waters 
would have been entirely forestalled twenty years back." Mr. Greenstreet seems to ignore 
one of the most important discoveries made by Mr. Waters, namely, that memorandum 
written on the day of the probate of Andrew Knowling's will, showing the presence in 
Court of Lawrence Washington, M.A., acting as surrogate and therefore a clergyman. If 
that paper or some other equally conclusive evidence had not been discovered, the pedigree 
of George Washington would have been left still shooting in the air. We appreciate as 
highly as anyone the rare skill of Col. Chester in genealogical research and the success 
with which his labors were so often crowned. His editorial work on the Harleian Society's 
volumes, particularly that on the Registers on Westminster Abbey, which shows a wealth of 
antiquarian learning; his Life of John Rogers; his contributionsto the Register and other 
periodicals; and his vast genealogical collections in manuscript, now in the College of 
Arms, are a lasting monument to his memory. The Washington collections are very ex- 
tensive. To Col. Chester is flue the credit of having solved problems that had baffled the 
ablest antiquaries. — Editor of Register. 

■} Register, vol. 43, p. 423. — Editor of Register. 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings hi England. 239 

your oratour agreed upon, yonr oratour did enter into an Obligacion to the said 
John Browne, of the penaltie of one hundred & flbrtie powndes, or thereabouts, 
condicioned for the payment of the said sumrae of sixtie nyne pownds, eighteene 
shillings, or thereabouts, at a day now past, W ch said Bond the said John 
Brown [e] left in the hands of one M r Harney, of London, And appointed your 
oratour to pay the moneyes as they grewe due & payable . . .to the said M r 
Haruey . . . And your oratour did . . . pay unto the s (1 M r Haruey, to his 
the said Browne's use, severall summes of money, at severall tymes, in part of 
satisfaction of the said] bond . . . And your oratour further sheweth, that, 
about seaven yeares since, one M r Parr, now Bi[shop of the Isl]e of Man, and 
one M* Atherton Bureh, having a Chamber ioyntly bctweene them in Braz Nose 
Colledge, in Oxford aforesaid, they the said [M r Parr and] M r Burch did, at 
their ioynt charges, furnish the same Chamber . . . And in & about such 
furnishing thereof did ioyntly expend about flbrtie pownds, that is to say, each 
of them twentie pownds a peece . . . And afterwards the said M r Parr being 
to leaue the said Chamber and Colledge, And your oratour being to succeed him 
in the same Chamber, hee the said M r Parr did contract & agree w th your oratour, 
and therevpon your oratour . . . did buy of the said M r Parr all his interest, 
part & share of all & every the said goods and furniture . . . but tooke no 
particular Inventory thereof . . . And, after that, your orator finding other 
particular goods & furniture to bee more fitting & convenyent for his particular 
use, did bring into the said Chamber severall other goods and chattells . . . 
of the value of ffifteene pownds, or thereabouts . . . Now so it is, may it 
please your good lordshipp, that your oratour having some occasion to take a 
long journey from Oxford & aud [sic] to be absent from thence some tyme, and 
and the said M r Burch then dying in the said Chamber, wherein all the said goods 
furniture were, whilst your oratour was absent, The said John Browne, pre- 
tending that the said M r Burch was somthing indebted to him, the said Browne, 
and hee takeing, or pretending to take or have Administracion of the goods of 
the said M r Bnrch, did not ouely enter upon, and take and carry away all the 
sa4d goods and furniture wherein the said M r Burch aud your oratour had ioynt 
interests, but also all the goods and chattels whatsoever w ch were the particular 
and sole estate and goods of your said oratour, and wherein neither the said M r 
Burch nor the said John Browne had any colour of interest, and whereto they, 
nor either of them could lay any clayme or title," &c. 

Answer of John Browne the defendant, sworn 20 Oct. 1640 — Sets out that 
the complainant, being indebted to him 691. 16s., entered into an obligation 
dated 20 July 1632, subsequently buying goods of him to the amount of 61. Qs. 
2d.* "and shortly after left his fellowship and aboade in the Vniuersity of 
Oxon." The complainant has paid to the said Mr. John Harvey several sums 
on account, namely, about May 1633, 40?., and, about May 1636, 101., but never 
paid any more either to Mr. Harvey or the defendant. 

I have to express my obligation to Mr. G. E. Cokayne, E.S.A., Norroy King 
of Arms, for kind permission to make use of Colonel Chester's MS. 

Mr. Moncure D. Conway contributed to the New York Nation for March 19, 
1891, an elaborate article, entitled, " The Earliest Washingtons in Virginia," in 
which he shows that a branch of the Washington family was settled in Virginia 
as early as 1636, a patent for land having been taken out by Arthur Washing- 
ton in that year. He may have been the ancestor of the Surrey County Wash- 
ingtons noticed in the Register for July, 1890 (vol. 44, pages 307-8), anions: 
whom Arthur was a favorite name. No connection has been traced between 

* The items of this later bill are:— " Sixe elnes and a hal[f of] . . . for two shirts, 
and the making of them. One paire of worsted hose. Strapps for bootes. One paire of 
graye hose. One cloakc bagge. Seaven yards of phillissety. ffive yar[ds and a hajlfe of 
homes. One elne and a quarterne of canvas. One yard and an (sic) half of thick cotton. 
Two yards of bayes cotton. Half an ounce of sdke. rfonre d[ozen] . . ns. One 
dozen of ribband points, buckram, pastbord & claspes. Three quartemos of large {fringe. 
One skinne for pockctts. One half elne of loopelace. . . . of belliepeeces. Haifa 
quarterne of taffaty. Two yards of tape. One paire of worsted hose, and one yard and a 
halfe of eightpennye ribband. One paire of roses. Six elnes and an (sic) halfeof Holland, 

and making two Two fine holland bands, and three paire of curies and 


VOL. XLV. 22* 

240 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July* 

this family and the Westmoreland County Washingtons. Much interesting 
matter about the various families of Washington is found in the article. 

The illustrated article by Mr. Conway on "The English Ancestry of Wash- 
ington," announced by us in our last number (ante, p. 65) as to be published in 
Harper's Magazine, appeared in the number for May last. Since the publication 
of Mr. Waters's discoveries in the Register for October, 1881), Mr. Conway has 
visited England ami gathered material bearing on the subject of his article. He 
was also allowed by George E. Cokayne, M.A., E.S.A., the friend and executor 
of Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., D.C.L., the use of the Washington collectanea 
of that distinguished antiquary contained in a thick folio volume. Mr. Conway 
is now a believer in the theory of Mr. Waters. In the Harper article are given 
the main points of the evidence in relation to the Ancestry of Washington. 
One new fact of great importance is that Lawrence Washington, rector of 
Purleigh, had a wife living in 1G49, as shown by the order of the " Committee 
on Plundered Ministers," August 15 in that year, that " Mr. John Rogers, minis- 
ter of the sequestered rectory of Purleigh in Dingey Hundreds do pay the fifth 
part of the tithes and profits of said Rectory unto Mrs. Washington, according 
to a formal order of y e Com. of Plundered ministers." On September 20th the 
Committee " Ordered that Mr. John Rogers and Mrs. Washington be heard on 
Wednesday in the sessions." On the last pa<xc of the book this decision of the 
Committee is recorded: " fiif th part of Purleigh ordered to the plundered 
Rector's wife." Mr. Conway was also discoverer of the fact found in the 
original will, that Col. John Washington the emigrant had a sister Martha, 
as already announced in the Register. Both of these new facts strengthen the 
position taken by Mr. Waters. 

Mr. Conway's contribution to Harper's Magazine is very interesting, particu- 
larly to those who have a curiosity to know all they can about the homes of the 
emigrant ancestor of President Washington, and of his kindred. Very graphic 
descriptions of the localities are given. The illustrations like all those in Har- 
per are of a high order of merit. They consist of views of the churches of 
Tring and Luton, and the baptistry of the latter; brasses in St. James Church, 
Sulgrave ; Gen. Washington's seals ; and f ac-similes of the autograph of Col. 
John Washington, and of entries in the Tring parish registers. As Harper's 
Magazine has a large circulation in England, we hope this article will meet the 
eyes of antiquaries in the localities with which Lawrence Washington and his 
wife Amphillis were connected, and that they will try to discover the records of 
Mr. Washington's marriage and death ; the record of the baptism of his son John ; 
the name of the living which the rector of Purleigh held after that living was 
sequestered, and other evidence bearing on the Washington pedigree. — Editor.] 

I hope that Mr. Conway's article will inspire the clergymen near Tring and 
Luton to examine their records for mention of Lawrence Washington's mar- 
riage. The circumstantial evidence of the marriage of Rev. Lawrence Wash- 
ington to Amphillis Rhodes is very, very strong, but not conclusive. The proof is 
still to be found. The fact is that a Lawrence Washington, M. A., was in January, 
1649-50, acting in the court at which a guardian was appointed for one of the 
children of Amphillis Washington. Until some evidence is produced we must 
hold that this Lawrence Washington, M.A., is identical with the rector of Pur- 
leigh. We cannot, however, yet say that Lawrence Washington, husband of 
Amphillis, was a clergymau, though the baptisms at Trins: call him. "Mr." 
It is not impossible that some cousin and namesake of the Rev. Lawrence of 
Purleigh, was the husband, and persuaded him to be present at the court and act 
as surrogate. This is highly improbable; but coincidence and circumstantial 
evidence are not clear proofs. Therefore until new evidence is obtained, the 
Washington pedigree is not to be taken as wholly proved. — W. H. Whitmore. 

The wills of Col. John Washington and other members of the Washington 
family which Dr. Toner was to furnish for this number of the Register (see 
April number, page 1G4) , have been received and are printed in this number, 
pages 199-215.— Editor. 

1891.] Commission of General David Cobb. 241 




From the original in the Cabinet of the Society. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

*'rs»(i*9 To all unto whom these Presents shall come 
Greeting : 

Whereas by the Constitution & Frame of Civil Government agreed upon 
by the people of the said Commonwealth & by them put in force and exer- 
cise upon the last Wednesday in October in the Year of Our Lord One 
thousand seven hundred & eighty & in the fifth year of the Independence 
of the United States of America it is provided that the Governor by advice 
of the Council shall appoint civil officers ; And Whereas by a Law made 
& passed the third day of July 1782 it is Enacted that there shall be held 
& kept within each County of this Commonwealth at the times & places 
by Law appointed a Court of Common Pleas by four, substantial, discreet 
& learned persons each of whom to be an inhabitant of the County 
wherein he shall be appointed & they or any three of them, shall be a 
Court & have cognizance of all civil actions of the value of more than 
forty shillings arising or happening within the County triable by common 
or statute Law of what nature or species soever the same may be & shall 
be fully empowered, when qualified as the Constitution directs to give judg- 
ment therein & award execution accordingly. And to administer all neces- 
sary oaths & to do & Order whatsoever by the Constitution and Laws shall 
be their duty to do. 

I therefore reposing special trust & confidence in the Loyalty, 
Prudence & Ability of David Cobb, Esqr. have V>y & with the advice of 
Council appointed & do by these presents in the name of the said Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts, constitute & assign the- said David Cobb, Esqr. 
of Taunton in the County of Bristol in the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts to be one of the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas in the County 
of Bristol within the said Commonwealth of Massachusetts in all causes 
wherein any of the standing Justices of the said Court are or may be in- 
terested, concerned, or necessarily absent & Do hereby authorize & 
empower you to have, use, exercise, & execute all & singular the powers 
& jurisdictions unto a Justice of the said Court belonging or in any wise 
appertaining so far as relates to the causes aforesaid; & you together with 
other the Justices of the said Court not interested in the said causes (or 
any two of them) to give judgment therein & award execution thereupon 
& to do that which to Justice appertaineth according to Law. 

* This Commission is written entirely with a pen in an elegant engrossing hand. The 
Governor's signature was affixed at the end of the document aud not under the great seal 
as is usual. 

For a memoir of Gen. David Cobb, by the Hon. Francis Baylies, with a portrait, see 
Register, vol. xviii. pp. 5-17. — Editor. 

242 Letter of B. T. Paine to Gen. David Cobb. [July, 

In Testimony whereof I have caused the Public Seal of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts aforesaid to be hereunto affixed. 
Witness John Hancock Esqr. Governor of the said Commonwealth. 

Dated at Boston the seventh day of June in the Year of Our Lord 
One Thousand Seven hundred & Eighty-four & in the Eighth Year of the 
Independence of the United States of America. 

By his Excellency's Command John Hancock. 

With the Advice & Consent of 


John Avery junr. Secretary. 

Bristol ss. June ye 12th., 1784. 

The within named David Cobb took the oaths & subscribed the 
Deceleration required by Law to Qullefie him to Excute the trust 
herby repos'd. 

before W. Spooner 

Thomas Dcrfee. 



From the original in the Cabinet of the Society. 

Philada. June 17, 1775. 
Dear Friend 

I omitt no opportunity of writing to you. I wish you could return the 
Compliment ; I am as well as great exertion of Body & mind will admit 
of. I have not time to be very formal, & may tell you in a few words 
that we have unanimously chosen George Washington Esqr. to be General 
of the American forces; we have voted. & orders are taken for sending in 
the most speedy manner ten Companys of Riflemen to join our Army; 
effectual measures are taken to support the Army & all Continental 

By Advices from England the Ministry are determined to push, & the 
people there & in Ireland seem more disposed to favor, us; if we can but 
stand the shock of this Summer we hope to be upon a better footing; be- 
fore this reaches you, we expect you will have a large reinforcement of 
Ministerial Troops at Boston. I hope our people will be very wary of 
Surprises; we have likewise appointed General Ward first Major General; 
these matters above I have license to mention to you tho' as our system is 
not compleated. it is expected that none of these intelligences be put in the 
news paper. The General will soon set out for Boston — pray take care of 
my family — inclosed I send a proclamation w ch you may present together 
with my compliments to Mr. Barnum — let my wife read this Letter — I 
have not time to write her — hoping yr happiness I am 

y r friend & servant, 
To R. T. P. 


David Cobb 
Pr. M r . Fessenden Massachusetts. 


1891.] More about the Wheehvright Deed. 243 


The following letter has been received from the Hon. Charles 
H. Bell, LL.D., of Exeter, N. H. 

To the Editor of the Register: 

Some years ago I read before the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society a paper (since printed in the "John Wheelwright" volume of the 
Prince Society) in which I pleaded for a suspension of judgment in respect 
to the authenticity of the Wheelwright Deed of 1629, which had been im- 
pugned hy the Hon. James Savage, Dr. Bouton and others. I maintained 
that the evidence then known did not conclusively prove the deed to be a 
fabrication, but that there was a possibility that the instrument was the 
veritable act of John Wheelwright. 

Wheelwright was on May 17, 1629, the date of the disputed deed, and 
for years before and after, the vicar of Bilsby in Lincolnshire, England. 
If he was there, at his post, at that date, or so near it as to leave him no 
time for a visit to America and a purchase of lands from the Indian Saga- 
mores before the day on which the deed purported to be executed, then 
the deed could not have been his handiwork. Otherwise it was possible 
that it might have been. 

On this point I adduced the statement of the late Col. Joseph L. Chester, 
who had made an examination of the papers relating to the parish of Bilsby 
in the Registry of the Bishop of Lincoln. It was the duty of the vicar to 
sign the yearly transcript of the parish registers on each successive 25th 
day of March. Col. Chester reported (Register, xxii. 350) that the trans- 
cript for March, 1629, was missing, and that there were no data to show 
that Wheelwright was at Bilsby on that day, or within nearly a year of it, 
before or after. If that statement had been correct, as from the well known 
thoroughness and accuracy of Col. Chester there seemed no reason to doubt, 
the records of Bilsby afforded no evidence that Wheelwright did not come 
to New England in the spring of 1629. 

It now appears that Col. Chester's report was erroneous. Dr. Henry B. 
Wheelwright, of Newburyport, has recently made f thorough examination 
of the documents pertaining to Bilsby, in the Bishop's Registry of Lincoln, 
and has ascertained that, the transcript of 1629 is in existence, and bears 
the signature of John Wheelwright. There is every reason therefore to 
believe that he was at Bilsby on the 25th of March in that year; and it is 
almost incredible that he could have visited this country, and accomplished 
a purchase from the Indians before the succeeding 17th of May. 

The evidence in regard to the genuineness of the deed is thus essentially 
changed from what it was when my paper was written; and there now re- 
mains scarcely room for question that the disputed instrument was an 
ingenious fabrication. 

It is only just to the memory of Col. Chester to add that the error in his 
statement is not believed to be chargeable to him. No doubt he reported 
correctly on the papers shown him, and had the assurance that they were 
all that related to the parish of Bilsby. But it is supposed that by a mistake 
of the custodian, the transcript which bears so materially upon the credibility 
of the Wheelwright purchase of 1629 was never brought to his notice. 

Charles H. Bell. 

244 Marriages of East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. [July, 


From March 4, 1725, to August 3, 1803. 

By the Rev. John Angier (settled 1724, died April 14, 1787), and the Rev. Samuel 
Angier,* his son and colleague (settled 1767, died Jan. 18, 1805). 

Communicated by the Rev. Hexry F. Jenks, A.M., of Canton, Mass., from the original 

manuscript in the possession of Miss Mary H. Rust, of East Bridgewater, 

great-great-granddaughter of the Rev. John Angier. 

[Continued from page 145.] 

Janry. 30th. 1769 — I marry'd Eleazar Hill and Anna Field, both of 

May 18th. 1769 — Abraham Josselyn, Jimr. of Pembrook, and Eunice Hill 

of Bridgwater were marry'd by Saml. Angier of Bridgwater. 
July 6th. 1769 — Joseph Ford and Betty Howard, both of Bridgwater were 

marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Octobr 2d. 1769 — John Hudson and Bethiah Otis, both of Bridgwr 

were marry'd by Saml. Angier. 
Novr. 15th 1769 — Seth Brett, Jur. and Susanna Lathum, both of Bridg- 
water were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Novr. 23d. 1769- — Joshua Barrel Jur. and Olive Bass, both of Bridgwater 

were marry'd by John Angier, and Moses Symmons and Lois Hayward, 

both of Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Decembr. 4th 1769 — Isaac Kingman, Jur. and Content Packard, both of 

Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Jany. 31st. 1770 — James Loring and Jane Kingman were marry'd by John 

March 15 th. 1770 — Isaac Kingman and the widow Ruth Loring were 

marry'd by J. Angier. 
Mar. 29th. 1770 — Nehemiah Washburn and Ruth Egerton, both of 

Bridgvi ater were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
(Returnd to the Clerk April 6th. 1770.) 
April 12th 1770 — Obadiah Reed of Abington and Elisabeth Shaw of 

Bridgwater were marry'd by Saml Angier. 
May 3d. 1770 — John Edson and Judith Shaw were marry'd by Saml. 

May 17th. 1770 — James Hendrey and Mehetabel Hall, both of Bridgwater 

were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Novembr. 20th. 1770 — Stephen Washburn and Sarah Faxon, both of 

Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Decembr. 4th 1770 — Joseph Symmonds of Pembroke and Elisabeth 

Chamberlain of Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 
Febry. 5th 1771 — Joseph Allen and Mehetabel Cary, both of Bridgwater 

were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

(Returnd to the Clerk, Septr. 30th. 1771.) 

* Rev. Samuel Angier's wife Judith was daughter of the Rev. Thomas Smith of Pem- 
broke, not Joshua as stated in the note on page 12 in the January number. Thomas Smith 
was a graduate of Harvard College of the Class of 1725. See Barry's History of Hanover, 
Mass., p. 375. 

1891.] Marriages of East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. 245 

Octobr. 16th. 1771 — Hugh Or of the Nine Partners in New York Govern- 
ment, and Agnis Corbett of Bridgwater were marry'd by Saml. Angier. 

Octobr. 1 7th. 1771 — Christopher Sever and Hannah Harden, both of 
Bridgwer, were marry'd by Saml. Angier. 

Decembr. 25th. 1771 — Ephraim Gary, Jur. and Jane Holman, both of 
Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

Jany. 2d. 1772 — Thomas White of Bridgwater and Hannah Green of 
Abington, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

Febry. 6th. 1772 — Cuph Ashpot, Nathan Mitchel's Negro man was marry'd 
to Elisabeth Quay, a Molatto girl brought up by Anthony Winslow; 
they were marry'd by Saml. Angier. 

Novembr. 27th. 1772 — Josiah Otis and Susanna Orr were marry'd by 
Saml. Angier. 

Deer. 2d. 1772 — Robert Robinson and Bethya Kingman were marry'd by 
S. Angier. 

Janry. 20th. 1773 — Pompey Freeman of Bedford and Lois Hill of Bridg- 
water, Free Negroes, were marry'd by John Angier. 

Febry. 27th. 1773 — Eleazar Barow of Rochester and Jane Sherman of 
Bridgwater, were married by Samuel Angier. 

March 17th 1773 — Solomon Washburn and Ann Mitchel, both of Bridg- 
water were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

March 25th. 1773 — Seth Reed of Number 5 in the Massachusetts Bay, 
and Thankful Whitmarsh of Bridgwater were marry'd by Saml. Angier. 

April 29th. 1773 — Scipio Ponus, David Keith's Negro Man, and Elisabeth 
Cesar a free Negro Woman, both of Bridgwater, were marry'd by Saml. 

August 5th. 1773 — John Whitman, ye third & Abigail Whitman, both of 
Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

Sept. 6th. 1773 — Richard Smith of Taunton & Rhoda Reed of Bridgwater 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

Decembr. 14th. 1773 — Joseph Wesley & Margaret Robinson both of 
Bridgwater were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

April 21st. 177-4 — John Keith of Hardwick & Ann Belcher of Bridgwater 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

These marriages returned to ye Clerk May 5th. 1774. 

June 21st. 1774 — Asa Keith and Susanna Cary, both of Bridgwater, were 
marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

June 30th. 1774 — Abram Packard and Freelove Dyer, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

Sept. 22d. 1774 — William Vinton & Susanna Robinson, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

Sept. 30th. 1774 — Joseph Vinton of Braintree & Anna Hill of Bridgwater 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

Novembr. 22d 1774 — Levi Washburn & Molly Allen, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

Novembr. 24. 1774 — Silas Kinsley of Easton & Rebecca Packard of 
Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

Febry. 2d. 1775 — Elisha Records of Pembroke & Ruth Chamberlain of 
Bridgwater, were married by John Angier. 

August 3d. 1775 — Peleg Stutson of Abington & Ruth Gurney of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

August 31st. 1775 — Peter Whitman & Sarah Wright, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

246 JVotes and Queries. [July, 

October 30th. 1775 — Sylvanus Lazel & Abigail Robinson both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by John Angier. 

Novebr. 16th. 1775— Nehemiah Shaw & Molly Hill, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

January 24th. 1776 — Nathan Alden, Junr. & Sarah Barrel were marry'd 
by Samuel Angier, both of Bridgwater. 

April 18th. 1776— William Snow and Jerusha Hill, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

May 21st. 1776— Isaac Allen, Junr. & Sylvia Brett, both of Bridgwater 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

June 12th. 1776 — Seth Reed oi* Number Five in the County of Hampshire 
& Mary Lazell of Bridgwater were marry'd by Saml. Angier. 

June 13th. 1776 — Josiah Newton of Brookfield & Hannah Sherman of 
Bridgwater were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

June 25th. 1776 — Alexander Munro & Mary Hutchinson, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by John Angier. 

August 8th. 1776 — Azariah Beal & Bathsheba Bisbe, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

October 3d. 1776 — Mr. Adam Porter of Abiugton & Mrs. Deborah Gannett* 
of Bridgwater, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

Decembr. 31st. 1776 — Robert Young & Molly Kingman, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

January 13th. 1777 — Adna Winslow Cliff & Bethia Orr, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by Saml. Angier. 

Febry. 19th. 1777— Pelatiah Gilbert of Brookfield & Sarah Whitman of 
Bridgwater were marry'd by John Angier. 

Febry. 20th. 1777— Eliab Washburn & Molly Lazel, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by Samuel Angier. 

April 17th. 1777 — Obadiah Hearsey of Abington & Naomi Reed of Bridg- 
water were marry'd by Saml. Angier. 

May 8th. 1777 — James Richards of Newtown & Dorothy Packard of 
Bridgwater were marry'd by S. Angier. 

These marriages returned to ye Clerk July 7th. 1777. 


Borough English. — As a fruitful object of investigation for those inter- 
ested in genealogical research, I beg to suggest that of Borough English as 
indicated" by early New-England wills. The English homes of enough New 
England immigrants are known, so that the connection between manors in 
which this copyhold custom obtained and the families which have indicated a 
preference for the youngest son in their wills could be traced with comparative 
ease. In one family, known only to have come from a county in which Borough 
English was common, I have noticed this preference in four generations. 

The custom, which seems to have little connection with boroughs, is a manorial 
custom of descent. Its history is obscure and has been unsatisfactorily exploited. 
A plausible theory is that it is a survival from the pre-Celtic inhabitants of 
England. A discussion of the institution is contained in one of the chapters of 
Elton's Origins of English History. 

If my theory is correct that those immigrants who manifested a preference 

* Daughter of Capt. Joseph Gannett. 

1891.] Notes and Queries. 247 

in their wills for the youngest son were from manors in which this custom 
obtained, some of us, I fancy, will have to yield up the thought of a coat of 
arms, for the inference, I believe, would be that our ancestors were villeins 
adscripti glebcE. Charles K. Williams. 

Sioux City, Iowa. 


Genealogical Queries. — The undersigned will be thankful for information 
in regard to any of the following persons : 

Whose son was Capt., later Lieut. -Col. Stephen Clark of Epping, N. IT., an 
officer in the Revolution, and when and where was he born? Who was Mary 
Peirce, who married Jan. 24, 1723-4, Henry Clark of Newbury, Mass., as his 
second wife? Whose daughter was Rebecca Watson, married March 26, 1747, 
Stephen Clark of Newbury, Mass.? What was the maiden name of Mary, wife 
of Moses Merrill of Salisbury, Mass.? They were married about 1708. Whose 
daughter was Susanna Perry or Perrin, who married in 1753 Ebenezer Clark of 
Newbury? Who were the parents of Elizabeth Perkins " of the Isle of Shoals," 
who married, 1715, Thomas Clark of Newbury? Whose daughter was Judith 
Lunt of Newbury, Mass., married 1769, Dr. Parker Clark of Machias, now in 
Me. ? Who were the parents of Catherine Bean, born April 7, 1725, married July 
10, 17GG, Henry Clark of Candia, N. H., and died Aug. 19, 1769? Who were 
the parents of Abigail Francis, born Oct. 6, 1738, married, as third wife, Mav 
10, 1770, Henry Clark of Candia, N. H.? Who was Hannah, wife of Enoch 
Clark of Greenland, N. H.? She was born Jan. 20, 1711, and died April 9, 1746. 
Who was his second wife, Mary, born April 28, 1710? Who were the parents of 
Mary March, born March 25, 1732, married Aug. 23, 1759, Enoch Clark of 
Greenland, N. H., and died Eeb. 18, 1816? Joseph Woodwell of Bridgewater 
married, Boston, May 26, 1720, Sarah, then of Hingham, widow of Josiah Clarke 
of Boston, and daughter of John Chamberliu? Where did Woodwell live? It 
is desired to ascertain what became of John and Josiah Clarke, children of Mrs. 
Woodwell by her first husband. The records of Plymouth County, deeds and 
wills, have been examined. 

The writer has been trying to answer these questions for the past ten years, 
and any assistance will be appreciated. George K. Clarke. 

French.— 1. What became of Richard French, who was in Cambridge a short 
time, where he had a son Samuel b. July 13, 1653? He was one of the grantees 
of Billerica in 1652, but there is no record that he ever removed there. He 
lived, when in Cambridge, on the estate formerly of Nicholas Danforth, which 
he sold 4 o Edmund Angler, Oct. 8, 1654, after which time I have found no trace 
of him. He was perhaps brother of William and John of Cambridge. 

2. Was Francis French, who came over in the Defence in 1635 with William 
of Cambridge and Billerica. the " son, brother, or nephew" of William? His 
age is given in the custom house records as 10 years. He has been considered 
by some as the son of William, but I know of no proof, and no mention of him 
is" made in the will of William French. 

3. Samuel French, the pioneer of Dunstable, 1682, is stated by Savage to be 
the son of Lieut. William of Cambridge and Billerica, and has been so con- 
sidered by others. But his first son Samuel, b. Dec. 3, 1645, d. July 15, 1646, 
and there is no record of the birth of any second Samuel. Moreover, "William 
in his will makes no mention of any son Samuel, although this Samuel was at 
the time living and unmarried. Can any one furnish any proof as to the re- 
lationship? J. M. French. 

Milford, Mass. 

Rev. Samuel Skelton, First Minister at Salem. — What is the authority 
for the commonly accepted belief that he was from Lincolnshire? Was he a 
clergyman of the Church of England before coming to New England, and if so 
is the name of his parish known? Any information in regard to him will be 
appreciated. E. C. Felton. 

iSteelton, Fa. 

VOL. XLV. 23 

248 Notes and Queries, [July, 

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel en New England. — Who 
were the " Commissioners residing in New England" for the " Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in New England, and Parts adjacent in America." be- 
tween 1720 and 1750? Neal, in his History of New England, gives the names 
of the Commissioners in Gov. Shute's time, and among them are Jonathan 
Belcher, and Col. Adam Winthrop. He also gives details of this work as carried 
on by John Eliot, but of their later operations there appears to be but little 
record. A " Sketch of the New-England Company," printed in England, in 
1884, states that the appointment and superintendence of the missionaries were 
in the hands of the Commissioners in New England, who were appointed by the 
Corporation in England. Apparently there was a Treasurer, also, in Boston. 
Are any of the records or papers of this Society now in existence? 

815 Asylum Ave., Hartford, Conn. Mary K. Talcott. 

[The reader who wishes to know more about this Society is referred to the 
Register, vol. 36, pp. 157-G1; vol. 39, pp. 20-30, pp. 170-83, pp. 200-301; vol. 
42, pp. 329-30. These articles do not, however, contain an answer to the above 
queries. There are two other societies with similar names which are still in 
existence. The first is "The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts," chartered in 1701 by William III. The other is "The Society 
for Propagating the Gospel among the Indians and others in North- America," 
chartered by the State of Massachusetts in 1787 (See Register, vol. 39, pp. 
182-3). In 1887, on the completion of a century of the existence of the latter 
society, a memorial volume was issued, which was noticed in the Register, vol. 
42, page 329.— Editor.] 

Ancestry "Wanted. — Information will be thankfully received concerning the 
ancestry in either male or female line of any of the following named families. 
Hints as to where I may look for the information will be acceptable. 

Samuel Bleaker (Bleecker?), of Bucks Co., Pa., whose daughter Judith 
married, 1753, Joseph Ellicott. 

Sarah Brown, Bucks Co., who married, 1775, Andrew Ellicott. 

Ann Bye, Bucks Co., who married, 1731, Andrew Ellicott. 

John Randall, born 174G; lived in Dutchess Co., N. Y. Perhaps from Rox- 
bury or Stratford. 

Elizabeth Buekbee, who married the above named John Randall. 

Hannah Carman, who married, 1727, Barent Van Wyck. 

Sarah Field, who married, 1697, Jonathan Whitehead of Long Island. 

Mary Griswold, who married, 1G84, Joseph Cooley of Springfield. 

David Bates, whose daughter Sarah married, 1782, Nathaniel Douglass. 

Phebe Tappan, who married, about 1730, the above named David Bates, Mor- 
ristown, N. J. 

Esther Reed, who married, 1755, David Douglass, Hanover Neck, N. J. 
9 East 54th Street, New York. Charles B. Curtis. 

Appleton Queries. — I am very desirous to learn the date of death of the 
following Appletons : — 

1. Elizabeth, b. 1G54, wife of Richard Dummer of Newbury. 

2. Hannah, 1G52, wife of William Downes of Boston. 

3. Joanna, b. about 1G70, wife of Matthew Whipple of Ipswich. 

4. Martha, b. about 1G90, wife of Joseph Wise of Ipswich. 

5. Elizabeth, b. 1712, wife of David Payson of Rowley. 

6. Priscilla, b. 1G97, wife of Arthur Abbott of Ipswich. 

7. Martha, b. 1708, wife of John White of Haverhill. 

8. Hannah, b. 1711, wife of Thomas Swain of Reading. 

W. S. Appleton. 

Snow.— I would be glad to learn whether Daniel Snow, who moved from 
Rutland, Mass.. about 1790 and who died in Marlboro', Vt., about 1812, was a 
descendant of William Snow, who was born about 1G24 and who was one of 
the first settlers of West Bridgewater, Mass. Please address S. S. Snow. 

Lock Box, 6, Spencer, Iowa. 

1891.] Notes and Queries. 249 

Hooker. — Information wanted of descendants from Martin and Rowland 
Hooker— brothers — who went from Connecticut to Tinmonth, Vermont, about 
one hundred years ago. Also of descendants from Veranus C. Hooker, who 
lived at Sutton, Mass., about fifty years ago. Address, E. Hooker. 

289 Gates Ave., Brooklyn, 2V. Z. 

Credan, Cahoon, Downing. — I would like to correspond with those who are 
interested in the families of Credan, Cahoon and Downing, with a view to 
obtaining better information of the parentage of Martha Credan, who, as the 
widow of Benjamin Crane, Jr., married January 4, 1697-8, Samuel Terry; 
Rebecca Cahoon, who married Dec. 18, 1717, James Green of Coventry, R. I. ; 
Margaret Downing of Springfield, Mass., who married July 18, 1734, Isaac 
Terry. Martin H. Stafford. 

Box 3393, New York. 

Tremain, Phillips and Tilly : — 

Tremain. — Information is desired respecting the antecedents of Philip Tre- 
main, who died in Westfield, Mass., 1743. His widow Rebekah m. before 1747, 
Cooley of Springfield. 

Phillips. — Who were the parents of Penelope Phillips, who m. June 3, 1701, 
Samuel Leonard of Springfield? 

Tilly. — Who were the parents of Elizabeth Tilly, who m. May 21, 1G53, 
Thomas Merrick or Mirick of Springfield? Erankun Leonard Pope. 

Elizabeth, N. J. 


Lady Axtell. — I have always been puzzled to understand why William Pratt 
in his Journal, Register, xxviii., 468, gave the title Lady Axtel to Rebecca, 
widow of Daniel Axtell, whose will I communicated to the Register, xliv., 51. 
I think I have just found the explanation. In the last Calendar of State Papers, 
Colonial Series. America and West Indies 1660-1674, is a list of the Landgraves, 
Cassiques and Deputies in Carolina. Daniel Axtell was one of the Landgraves, 
and the title Lady was very naturally given to his widow in consequence of the 
position held by her husband during his life. W. S. Appleton. 

Historical Intelligence. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward E. Salisbury of New Haven, Conn., are printing, 
"privately," and have nearly completed, a book of "Family Histories and 
Genealogies." It is not a mere collection of names and dates, but a book of 
family-history, adding to previous information many new facts which have 
been obtained abroad, as well as in this country. The book will be of great 
and ever-increasing interest to present and future generations of the families 
specified, and their allies, and also valuable to genealogists, antiquaries, and 
historians, in general. The work comprises monographs on the families of 
McCurdy, Mitchell, Lord, Lynde, Digby, Newdigate, Willoughby, Griswold, 
Wolcott, Pitkin, Ogden, Johnson, Diodati. Lee, and Marvin; with notes, more 
or less full, on the families of Buchanan, Parmelee, Boardman, Lay, Hoo, 
Locke, Cole. DeWolf, Drake, Bond, Swayne, Dunbar, and Clarke. The text, 
indexes, and armorial bearings, accompanied by thirty-one large folded pedigree 
charts, on bond paper, will be in three volumes, large 4to. " The edition is of 
three hundred copies, of which nearly two-thirds have been sold or otherwise 
appropriated. Mr. and Mrs. Salisbury will give further information, on ap- 

Tip History or Mfdway. and the Cogswells rN America.— The Rev. 
E. (). Jameson of Millis, Ma>s., the author of these two books, has a few copies 
unsold. Trice 86 for the former and $7 for the latter. 

250 Societies and their Proceedings. [July, 

Boston during the British Occupation. — The Town Major's records or 
minutes kept daring the British occupation of this town would be an interesting 
addition to Boston history. I have heard that there were such manuscripts on 
file at Woolwich. Can any reader of the Register give the names of those hold- 
ing the position of Town Major at that time and their regiments ; and also tell 
whether their minutes are preserved? I. J. G. 

The French in America During the "War of Independence, 1777-1783- — 
In 1872 the late Mr. Thomas Balch, of Philadelphia, published at Paris a work 
in the French language on the above subjeet. The author, a member of the bar 
of Philadelphia, was well known as a thorough student of history. He was 
one of the few Americans able to write equally well in French and English. 
His work deserves to be preserved in an English dress for the benefit of 
students of our revolution and its history. We are happy to inform our readers 
that Mr. Thomas Willing Balch of Philadelphia, a son of the author, has trans- 
lated the work and it will soon be published by Messrs. Porter & Coates of that 

Genealogies in Preparation.— Persons of the several names are advised to 
furnish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families 
and other information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that 
all facts of interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, 
especially service under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, 
graduation from college or professional schools, occupation, with places and 
dates of births, marriages, residence and death. When there are more than one 
christian name they should all be given in full if possible. No initials should 
be used when the full names are known. 

Buljinch. — Hon. Edward F. Johnson of Woburn, Mass., has in preparation 
his genealogy of this family, relating to which he has considerable genealogical 
data. He invites correspondence. The family is descended from John Bul- 
finch of Boston, who married, first, Elizabeth Bumstead, Nov. 3, 1726, and 
secondly, Mary Peabody, May 10, 1739. He died about 1774. 

Chapman. — Rev. Jacob Chapman of Exeter, N. H., is collecting records for a 
genealogy of Edward Chapman of Ipswich, Mass., and his descendants. 

Lane. — The first volume of the Lane genealogies, by Rev. J. Chapman and 
Rev. J. H. Fitts, is now in press at Exeter, N. II. It includes the families of 
William Lane of Boston (1G50) and of Capt. John of York Co., Me., and Capt. 
John of Fishersfield (now Newbury) N. H. It is an 8vo. volume, 9 inches by (J. 
The price of Vol. I. is Three Dollars a copy. If it exceeds 300 pages, the price 
will b » in the same proportion. Orders for the book should be sent to Rev. J. 
Chapman, Exeter, N. H. 

Volume II., including the families of William of Dorchester and of the brothers 
Job and James of Maiden, to contain full names of all descendants, named Lane, 
and the children and grandchildren of daughters married into other families, is 
in the hands of Rev. J. H. Fitts of South Newmarket, to whom all communica- 
tions should be sent. 

Sturtivant. — Mr. Walter H. Sturtivant, P. 0. Box 52, Richmond, Maine, is 
collecting records of the Sturtivant family. 

New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, January 7, 1S01. — The Annual Meeting 
was held at Jacob Sleeper Hall. No. 12 Somerset Street, this afternoon at 3 
o'clock, the President, Mr. Abner C. Goodell, Jr., in the chair. 

The report of the Council was presented by Mr. Henry Williams. It contained 
abstracts of reports to the Council by several committees, namely, Rev. Henry 

1891.] Societies and their Proceedings, 251 

A. Hazen for the library committee, Mr. Albert H. Hoyt for the committee on 
publication, Mr. Hamilton A. Hill for the committee on memorials, Mr. John T. 
Hassam for the committee on English research, Mr. Grenville H. Norcross for 
the committee on the sale and exchange of books, Mr. George K. Clarke for the 
committee on the rolls of membership, Mr. Henry H. Edes for the committee 
on printing and stationery and the committee on the Society's Kecords, and 
Col. Thomas Weiitworth Higginson for the committee on papers and essays. 

Mr. Benjamin B. Torrey, the treasurer, reported that at the beginning of 1890 
there was on hand 877.30; the income during the year was $4,181.71, making a 
total of $4,259.01 ; and that the expenditures were 83,12G.G4, leaving a balance 
on hand of 81,132.37. The total amount of funds belonging to the Society 
was $75,398.63. 

Mr. William B. Trask, in behalf of the trustees of the Kidder Fund, reported 
the receipts including balance at the beginning of the year were 8327.80, of 
which $1G3.48 had been expended in the purchase of books, leaving $1G4.32 on 
hand. The Fund amounts to $2000. 

Mr. Nathaniel F. Safford, chairman, made the report of the nominating com- 
mittee. A ballot was taken and the following officers were chosen : 

President. — Abner Cheney Goodell, Jr., A.M., of Salem, Mass. 

Vice-Presidents. — William Endicott, Jr.. A.M., of Boston, Mass. : Hon. Joseph 
Williamson, A.M., of Belfast, Me. ; Joseph Burbecn Walker, A.M., of Concord, 
N. H. ; Hon. James Barrett, LL.D., of Rutland, Vt. ; Elisha Benjamin Andrews, 
D.D., LL.D., of Providence, R. L; Hon. Edwin Holmes Bugbee, of Killingly, 

Recording Secretary. — G. Arthur Hilton, LL.B., of Boston, Mass. 

Corresponding Secretary. — Francis Henry Brown, M.D., of Boston, Mass. 

Treasurer. — Benjamin Barstow Torrey, of Boston, Mass. 

Librarian. — Ezra Hoyt Byiugton, D.D., of Boston, Mass. 

Members of the Council for TJiree Years. — Hon. William Claflin, LL.D., of 
Newton, Mass. ; John Tyler Hassam, A.M., of Boston, Mass. ; Henry Williams, 
A.B., of Boston, Mass. 

Francis H. Brown, M.D., the corresponding secretary, reported the names of 
fifty-five gentlemen who, during the year, had accepted the membership to which 
they had been elected; namely, two honorary and fifty-three resident members. 

Mr. Hamilton Andrews Hill, the historiographer, reported the names of thirty- 
one members who had died during the year, and of six members who died in 
previous years but whose deaths had not been previously reported. 

It was voted that owing to the lateness of the hour the reading of the presi- 
dent's annual address be postponed to the next stated meeting. 

It was also voted that the president's address and the several reports be re- 
ferred to the Council with full powers. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass., Monday, April IS, 1891. — A quarterly meeting was held this 
evening in Historical Hall, the president, Rev. S. Hopkins Emery, A.M., in the 

The president delivered a brief address. 

Dea. Edgar H. Reed, the historiographer, reported sketches of the members 
who had died during the quarter. 

Lieut. James E. Seaver read a paper on the Military History of Taunton. 

Capt. John W. D. Hall, the librarian, reported the quarterly additions to the 
library and cabinet. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Saturday, May 9, 1S91. — A stated meeting was held this day in 
Baxter Hall, the president, James P. Baxter, A.M., in the chair. 

At the afternoon session, Dr. James A. Spalding read a paper giving an 
account of a United States expedition to Africa in 1843 to punish the murderers 
of Capt. Farwell of Vassalboro'. 

Hon. JOsiah H. Drummond presented a carefully prepared bibliography of the 
laws of Maine. 

A paper in relation to the old Oxford County Lyceum of Paris, Maine, by 
Hon. Horatio King of Washington, D. C, was read. 
VOL. XLV. 23* 

252 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [July, 

Rev. Henry O. Thayer of Limington read chapters from his volume on the 
Popham Colony soon to be published by the Gorges Society. 

The president, Mr. James P. Baxter, was appointed a delegate to the celebra- 
tion of the Royal Historical Society of Montreal, Canada, on the 27th of the 

Mr. L. B. Chapman was appointed a committee to supervise the publication 
of the seventh and eighth volumes of the York Deeds, prepared by the late Mr. 
William M. Sargent, in order to secure the subscription of the state. A fine 
portrait of Mr. Sargent was presented to the Society by his widow, Mrs. Mabel 

At the evening session, Mr. Hubbard W. Bryant, the secretary, read extracts 
from the journal of Rev. Joseph Moody (Handkerchief Moody) of York, Me., 
dated 1720. 

Judge Bonney read biographical sketches of John Tripp and William Barrows, 
who were instrumental in founding Hebron Academy and who did gallant ser- 
vice in the Revolutionary war. 

RnoDE Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, December 30. 1S00. — A stated meeting was held this 
evening, the president, Gen. Horatio Rogers, in the chair. 

Henry F. Waters, A.M., of Salem, Mass., gave an account of the sources of 
genealogical information in England and related some of his experience in his 
researches in that country. His discoveries of the birthplace and parentage of 
John Harvard, of the parentage of Roger Williams and the ancestry of Presi- 
dent Washington are familiar to the readers of the Register. 


Prepared by Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., Historiographer of the Society. 

The Historiographer would inform the Society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the limited 
space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, which can be 
gathered are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in more 
extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift of the 
late William B. Towne, is provided. Four volumes, H-inted at the charge 
of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," ec.ted by the Commit- 
tee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of all the 
members who have died from the organization of the society to the year 
1862. A fifth volume is ready for the press. 

The Rev. Henry Martyn Dexter, D.D., was born in Plympton, Mass., 
August 13, 1821. He was the youngest child of the Rev. Elijah and Mary 
(Morton) Dexter; his father (Brown Univ. 180G), was Congregational minister 
at Plympton for more than forty-two years ; his mother was the only daughter 
of the Hon. Nathaniel Morton of Freetown, Mass., and the sister of the Hon. 
Marcus Morton of Taunton, Governor of Massachusetts 1840 and 1843. On the 
maternal side, his great-great-great-great grandfather was Ephraim Morton, 
who was the youngest of the live children of George Morton, merchant of York, 
England. George married in Lcyden, Holland, July 23, 1612, Julia Ann Carpen- 
ter, sister to the first wife of Dr. Samuel Fuller and to the wife of Governor 
Bradford; his second child and eldest son was Nathaniel, the author of New 
England's Memorial; Ephraim was born on the passage to America, in the 
Ann, in 1623. 

The subject of this sketch graduated from Yale College in 1810 and from 
Andover Theological Seminary in 1844. He was ordained pastor of the Frank- 
lin Street Church, Manchester, N. H., November 9, 1844. In 1849, he was settled 

1891.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 253 

as pastor of Pine Street Clmrch, now Berkeley Street Church, Boston, as the 
successor of the Rev. Austin Phelps. He resigned this charge in 1867, in order 
that he might devote himself more exclusively to the editorship of the " Con- 
gregationalism" with which he had been associated since 1851. From 1850 to 1866 
Dr. Dexter was one of the editors of the " Congregational Quarterly." From 
I860 to 1871 he was acting pastor of the Pilgrim Church, Dorchester. 

In accepting membership in the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, 
July 4, 1862, Dr. Dexter wrote: "Various circumstances have within a few 
years specially turned my thoughts in the direction of the researches which it 
loves and promotes." From this time he began to be recognized as an authority 
upon everything relating to the fathers and early history of New England, and 
especially in reference to the ecclesiastical polity which was brought to these 
shores by the Pilgrims. He became the chief historian as well as the ardent 
defender of Congregationalism ; and the results of his patient investigations on 
both sides of the Atlantic, and of his learned studies, will enure to the bcuent 
of the churches of his order for generations to come. 

Dr. Dexter was elected into the American Antiquarian Society and the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society in 1869. He received the degree of D.D. from Yale 
College (he had previously received it from Iowa College), in 1880, and of 
LL.D. from the same institution in 1890. It is said to be the only instance in 
which Yale has given D.D. and LL.D. to the same man. He was found dead in 
his bed, at his home in New Bedford, on the morning of November 13, 1890; 
and, two days later, funeral services were held over his remains in the Berkeley 
Temple, Boston, in the presence of a large and representative congregation. 
He left a widow, and one son, the Rev. Morton Dexter, Yale Coll. 1867. Mrs. 
Dexter (Emeline, second daughter of Simeon and Mary (Caldwell) Palmer, of 
Boston) did not long survive her husband. She was born November 1, 1823, 
was married November 19, 1844, and died, in Boston, February 24, 1891. 

Charles Addison Richardson, son of Elisha and Harriet (Blake) Richard- 
son, was born in Franklin, Mass., October 9, 1829, and may have been baptized 
by the distinguished theologian, Dr. Emmons, who closed his active ministry 
of fifty-four years in that town at about that time. His early years were spent 
on a farm, where he worked hard, picking up by the way such learning as he 
could obtain in the local schools and academies. He ardently desired a col- 
legiate education and a ministerial career, but he lacked the requisite means, 
and his health was not good. By dint of economy and persistency, however, 
he studied for some time at the state normal schools in Westfield and Bridge- 
water, and then taught for several years in Dedham and other towns, earning 
high praise in that vocation. Coming to Boston in 1854. he spent a year or two 
in the employ of John P. Jewett & Co., who had just been made famous by the 
publication of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"; and on the 1st of January, 1856, he 
acquired an interest in the " Congregationalist," and took the position of 
managing editor. From that time until his death, thirty-five years later, his 
personal history was identified with that paper. " It , growth in circulation, 
its enlargement and its improvement in every direction, the grafting on of 
new departments, its steady progress towards the ideals of excellence, — these 
things," we are told, " are due in great measure " to the far-sightedness and in- 
ventive genius of Mr. Richardson. His journalistic ability was of a high order. 
" The qualities which he strove to cultivate in others, and. which he exemplified 
in his own style, were accuracy, clearness and condensation. His eye was 
quick to detect mistakes, and he was facile in applying remedies." 

In 1866, Mr. Richardson published a volume called "Household Readings," 
in which he reproduced a judicious selection from the columns of his paper. 
In 1867 the "Recorder," a religious paper established by Dr. Jedidiah Morse in 
1816, was consolidated with the " Congregationalist." 

Mr. Richardson joined the church in Franklin in his sixteenth year: later, he 
was a member of the church in Dedham, of which the Rev. Dr. Burgess was 
the minister; and on his removal to Boston, he joined the First Church, 
Chelsea, of which he was a prominent and useful member until the time of his 
death. He was superintendent of the Sunday school, and a deacon ; and he 
held several positions of responsibility iu the denomination to which he be- 
longed. He received the honorary degree of M.A. from Dartmouth College in 
1885. He was admitted to the Historic Genealogical Society April 2, 1884. 

Mr. Richardson died after a very short illness, January 18, 1891, at the Hotei 

254 Book Notices. [July, 

Bellevue, Boston, where he was spending the winter with his family. His 
funeral took place from the First Church, Chelsea, and was largely attended. 

Mr. Richardson married at Westfiekl, May 3, 1852, Mary Jane Phipps, daugh- 
ter of John Silas and Mary Jane (Knapp) Thipps; she survives, with two 
children, four others having died previously. 


[The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 

Capt. John 3Iason, the Founder of New Hampshire; including his Tract on New- 
foundland, 1620, the American Charters in which he was a grantee, with Letters 
and other Historical Documents; and a Memoir by the late Charles W. 
Tuttle, Ph.D. Edited, with Historical Illustrations, by JonN Ward Dean, 
A.M. Boston : Published by the Prince Society. 1887. Fcp. 4to. pp. 492. 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges and his Province of Maine, including his Tracts entitled A 
Brief Relation, 1622, and A Brief Narration, 1658, American Charters granted 
to him, and other papers ; with Historical Illustrations and a Memoir by James 
P. Baxter, A.M. Boston : Published by the Prince Society. 1890. 3 vols. 
Fcp. 4to. Vol. I., pp. 2G8; Vol. II., pp. 270; Vol. III., pp. 353. 
These, the latest publications of the Prince Society, contain substantially all 
that is known of the founders of New Hampshire and Maine respectively ; and 
embrace much of the early history of those provinces, as it is confirmed by the 
most recently discovered evidence. 

The first named work consists of a Memoir of Capt. Mason, prepared by the 
late Charles W. Tuttle, Ph.D., with his characteristic care and accuracy; an 
account of Mason's Plantations on the Pascataqua, compiled by John Ward 
Dean, A.M., from Mr. Tuttle's memoranda and other sources; a copy of 
Mason's Brief Discourse on New-found-land, as originally issued in 1620; 
transcripts of Mason's several grants, from that of Mariana in 1622 to the royal 
charter of Charles I. in 1635; and various letters and documents relating to his 
connection with America. 

The early history of no part of our country has received so much additional 
light from documents discovered within a generation, as that relating to New 
Hampshire. Early writers on the subject were misled by the difficulties arising 
from imperfect and fallacious materials, as for example, the conflicting and 
overlapping grants of territory, the want of information respecting the site of 
the province of Laconia, and the inexplicable statements contained in certain 
docun ents purporting to be of early date but probably fabricated three fourths 
of a century after their pretended execution. Many of these sources of error 
have since been rectified by the results of the researches of John S. Jenness and 
others ; though it must be confessed that there is still room for further elucida- 

The most recent historical treasure-trove bearing upon Mason's rights as 
proprietor, is set forth at length in the work, in the form of a certified copy of 
a royal grant to him in 1635 of the province of New Hampshire, together with 
the power of government of the same. The instrument was unearthed while the 
book was going through the press. It evidently indicates the authority intended 
to be vested in the patentee, even if it failed by reason of his unexpected death 
to pass through some of the forms necessary for its validity. 

Mr. Dean has in this volume corrected the errors of former writers, and 
supplied the facts and explanations which they lacked ; so that he who would 
learn the early history of New Hampshire, so far as it is connected with the 
Masonian patents, amended to conform to the latest authorities, will find it in 
this volume, and in no other place. His editorial work is marked by thorough 
investigation and exact statement, and the present issue of the Prince Society 
will be" held as equally correct and worthy of reliance with any that has pre- 
ceded it. 

" Sir Ferdinando Gorges," edited by James P. Baxter, A.M., who has within 
a few years attained a deservedly high position as a historical writer, is a 
memorial of the patentee of Maine very similar to that compiled by Messrs. 


Booh Notices. 255 

Tattle and Dean of John Mason. It differs from it, however, in the fact that 
the history of the grants to Gorges has not been traced to a later period than 
the date of his death. It is understood that in a work yet to appear, Mr. Bax- 
ter may pursue the subject further. 

Volume I. contains a Memoir of Gorges, by the editor; and a copy of Gorges' 
Brief Relation of the Discovery and Plantation of New England, originally 
published in 1^22 ; Volume II., a reprint of Gorges' Brief Narration (or Descrip- 
tion of New England, as the head lines give it), originally issued in 1G58, the 
charter of Maine, tbe Will of Gorges and genealogical notes respecting his 
family, documents pertaining to the history of Maine and letters; and Volume 
III. is composed almost wholly of correspondence between Gorges and his 

It will be perceived that Mr. Baxter was rich in materials. He sought 
assiduously for all that was to be found bearing upon his subject, in this country 
and in England; and nothing that persevering inquiry, backed by ample pecu- 
niary means could procure, is wanting. Indeed it may almost be said that there 
was an embarras de richesse, for many of the letters contain no facts of conse- 
quence, and serve to swell the bulk of the volumes. Of course, however, it 
would be too much to expect that correspondence obtained at such trouble and 
cost should be omitted from a work of this character. 

Mr. Baxter has vindicated the memory of Ferdinando Gorges, the .grandson 
of the patentee, from the suspicion of foisting upon the public the Wonder 
Working Providence of Edward Johnson as the production of Sir Ferdinando, 
in the collection of tracts issued in 1059 under the title of America painted to 
the Life. It was without question a trick of the publisher, who had on hand a 
number of copies of Johnson's work, which he hoped to sell by using this un- 
worthy artifice. The younger Gorges exposed the attempted deception by an 
advertisement in the only newspaper of the time, of which the sole surviving 
copy is now in the British Museum. 

It is certainly a boon to historical students to bring within the limits of three 
handsome volumes an account of all the known acts and productions of one 
who was so greatly instrumental in the early colonization of this country as was 
Sir Ferdinando Gorges. On the part of the editor this has been a labor of love. 
From his well known character for enterprise, liberality and accuracy, we may 
feel justified in believing that while nothing important pertaining to his subject 
has been overlooked, so also no pains have been spared to insure the avoidance 
and exclusion of error. 

By the Hon. Charles H. Bell, LL.D., of Exeter, N. H. 

The Discovery of America by the Northmen, 985-1015. A Discourse delivered 
before the New Hampshire Historical Society, April 24, 1SSS. By the Rev. 
Edmund F. Slafter, D.D., a Corresponding Member of the Society, Honor- 
ary Member of the Roval Historical Society of Great Britain, etc. etc. Con- 
cord, N. H. : Privately Printed. 1891. Svo. pp. 2-1. 

The near approach of the fourth centenary of the discovery of America by 
Columbus, in 1492, creates a fresh interest in the Pre-Columbian discoveries, 
and we are glad to welcome in print this discourse on the adventures of the 
Northmen by a scholar so well qualified as the Rev. Dr. Slafter is to treat the 
subject in an exhaustive and impartial manner. Fourteen years ago he edited 
for the Prince Society a volume entitled " Voyages of the Northmen to America," 
which book was noticed by us in July, 1877. In that work Dr. Slafter gives 
his readers all the facts concerning the discoveries by the Northmen in the 
tenth and eleventh centuries, preserved in the Icelandic Sagas, and in their own 
words ; with a critical examination of the evidence. The conclusion he then 
arrived at was that though there is presumptive evidence that the Northmen 
visited these shores, no authentic traces of their residence here can be found. 
He has not since found reason to change his opinion. 

In the work before us the author gives a lucid statement of the historical 
facts on the subject which the Icelandic Sagas have transmitted to our days. 
He then gives an account of the manner in which the several narratives have 
been preserved, at first, and for more than a century, as oral traditions, and 
afterwards as written documents, adding a critical estimate of their reliability 
and value. Notice is taken of the old mill at Newport, the Dighton writing 
rock, and the skeleton in armor, claimed as relics of the Northmen, but which 
are shown to have no right to such a claim. The author arrives at this con- 

256 Booh Notices. [July, 

elusion : " Tested by the Canons that the most judicious scholars have adopted 
in the investigation of all early history, we cannot doubt that the Northmen 
made four or five voyages to the coast of America in the last part of the tenth 
.and the first part of the eleventh centuries ; that they returned to Greenland 
with cargoes of grapes and timber, the latter a very valuable commodity in the 
markets of both Greenland and Iceland ; that their abode on our shores was 
temporary ; that they were mostly occupied in explorations, and made no 
preparations for establishing any permanent colony ; except their temporary 
dwellings they erected no structures whatever, either of wood or of stone. We 
have intimations that other voyages were made to this continent, but no detailed 
account of them has survived to the present time. These few facts constitute 
the substance of what we know of the Scandinavian discoveries. Of the de- 
tails we know little; they are involved in indeiiniteness, uncertainty, and doubt. 
The place of their first landing, the location of their dwellings, the parts of the 
country which they explored, are so indefinitely described that they are utterly 
beyond the power of identification." 

Adam and Anne Mott : Their Ancestors and their Descendants. By Thomas C. 
Cornell, their grandson, Yonkers, N. Y. Printed for the Family, Fough- 
keepsie, N. Y. : 1800. Royal Svo. pp. 418. A few copies only left. Price $8. 

The Champion Genealogy. A History of the Descendants of Henry Champion of 
Saybrook and Lyme, Conn., together with Some Account of Other Families of 
the Name. By Francis Bacon Trowbridge. New Haven : Printed for the 
Author. 1801. 8vo. pp. 558. 

The Genealogy of the Family of DcEskelby or Exelby of the North Priding of the 
County of York. By Henry Douglas Eshelby. 1801. Privately Printed. 
8vo. pp. 80. Edition 40 copies. 

Michael Hillegas and his Descendants. By his great-granddaughter Emma St. 
Clair Whitney. Edition Private. 100 copies. Pottsville : 1891. 8vo. pp. 

A Genealogy of the Descendants of John Thomson of Plymouth, Mass., and 
Sketches of Families of Allen, Cooke and Hutchinson. By Charles Hutchin- 
son Thompson of Lansing, Mich. Lansing: 1800. 8vo. pp. 272. Price 

The Plumbs, 1635-1800. By H. B. Plumb. Peely, Luzerne County, Pa. : 
June, 1800. Oblong 4to. pp. 5Q. 

History of the Eberharts of Germany and the United States from A.D. 1265 to 
A.D. 1S00 — 625 Years. By Rev. Uriah Eberiiart. Donohue & Henne- 
berry, Printers and Binders. 1801. 12ino. pp. 2G3. Price $1.75. Sold by 
the Author, Chicago Lawn, Cook Co., III. 

The Samuel Ames Family : A Genealogical Memoir ofth °, Descendants of Samuel 
Ames of Canterbury , N. H, Six Generations, 1723-18 ?1. By John Kimball. 
Concord, N. H. : Printed by the Republican Press Association. 1800. Svo. 
pp. 55. 

William and Anne Bobinson of Dorchester, Mass. Their Ancestors and De- 
scendants. By Edward Doubled ay Harris. Boston: Press of David 
Clapp & Son. 1800. Royal Svo. pp. CO. Edition 250 copies. 

Ancestry of Calvin Guild, Margaret Taft. James Humphreys and Bebecca Covell 
Martin, including over One Hundred Surnames, 1620-1890. By HOWARD 
Redwood Guild. Printed by the Salem Press Co. 1801. 8vo. pp. 42. 
Edition 200 copies for private circulation. 

History of the Dudley Family. By Dean Dudley. Number V. Wakefield, 
Mass. : 1891. Royal Svo. 112 pages. Price $1. 

Genealogy of Several Branches of the Whittemore Family. By B. B. Whitte- 
more. Nashua, N. H. : Francis P. Whittemore, Printer. 1800. 8vo. pp. 106. 

Our Family Becord. By James M. Loring of St. Louis, Mo. Svo. pp. 22. 

Bobert Williams of Boxbury, Mass., and his Descendants. By Edward H. 
Williams, Jr. 1801. 8vo. pp. 20. 

Some Descendants of William Sawyer of Newbury, Mass. By W. S. Appleton. 
Boston: Press of David Clapp & Son. 1801. 

Edicard Ball and Some of his Descendants. Compiled by Nicholas Ball. 
1801. 8vo. pp. 15. 


Booh Notices. 257 

We continue in this number our quarterly notices of recent genealogical pub- 

The volume on the Mott family -which heads our list is an elegant specimen 
of this kind of book. It is handsomely printed on line paper, with nearly one 
hundred elegant illustrations, consisting of portraits, views, maps, fac-similes, 
etc. Several family documents are preserved in fac-simile, among them the 
marriage certificate of Adam Mott, Jr. and Phoebe Willet, 1731, signed by them 
and twenty-seven of their friends as witnesses. Adam Mott, whose ancestors 
and descendants in various lines are here given, was born on Long Island, Oct. 
11, 17G2. The book, which preserves much interesting genealogical matter, is 
well compiled and has a good index. 

The next book, the Champion Genealogy, is a neat and compact octavo, 
printed on thin but durable paper with ample margins. The research has been 
very thorough, aud we believe that every male line has been carried down to the 
present generation. Beginning with the fourth generation it has been Mr. 
Trowbridge's endeavor to carry female lines four generations. The genealogy 
is well arranged and the biographic details are full. The indexes have some 
improvements by the compiler. Prefixed is a tabular view of the heads of 
families for the first five generations, which will be of great assistance in trac- 
ing families. There is a valuable appendix, 
portraits, views, etc., are numerous and fine. 

The Exelby Genealogy is by Henry D. Eshelby, F.S.A., of Birkenhead, 
Cheshire, England, an able antiquary and the honorary treasurer of the Historic 
Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. The pedigree of this family is traced 
back to the conquest. Much interesting genealogical and historical matter is 
preserved in this handsome volume, which is illustrated by engravings and 
tabular pedigrees. It is well indexed. 

The next volume contains a memoir of Michael Hillegas, treasurer of the 
LTnited States, 1775-80, who held other offices of trust. He was born at Phila- 
delphia, April 22, 1729, and died there Sept. 29, 1804. He was a son of Michael 
and Margaret Hillegas, natives of Germany. His great-granddaughter, Mrs. 
Whitney, of Pottsville, Pa., has in this book furnished a fitting biography of 
him , with a full genealogy of his descendants. It has a valuable appendix and 
a good index. It is handsomely printed and is embellished with a fine portrait 
of Mr. Hillegas. 

The Thompson Genealogy contains all the genealogical matter contained in 
the book of Ignatius Thompson, published in 1811, which is one of the rarest 
of the rare genealogies which bring great prices. It also contains a great deal 
of matter collected from various sources by Mr. Thompson of Lansing, who 
has rearranged the whole on the Register Plain. The compiler deserves credit 
for the manner in which he has performed his labor. The book is well printed, 
illustrated by portraits and has full indexes. 

The • *lumb volume is devoted to the descendants of John Plumb, an early 
settler of Wethersfield, Ct. It is well compiled and well printed. 

The Eberhart volume, besides a good genealogical account of the Eberharts 
of Germany and the United States, has an "autobiographical sketch of the 
author, including many reminiscences of ministerial and army life." It is an 
interesting and valuable book. 

The next volume is devoted to the descendants of Samuel Ames of Canter- 
bury, N. H., whose father, Daniel Ames, settled, in 1714, in that part of Exeter 
now Newmarket. The book is well compiled, with an index, and makes a hand- 
some volume. 

The Robinson Genealogy is by Mr. Edward D. Harris of New York city, 
whose genealogical work is known to be thorough and reliable. William Rob- 
inson, born 1707, was a great-grandson of William Robinson, an early settler of 
Dorchester, and his wife Anne Trott was descended from Eider Thomas 
Trott of Dorchester (See Register, vol. 43, page 79). The ancestors and de- 
scendants of this couple are well set forth in this compilation. A table show3 
their ancestors. 

The Guild pamphlet is devoted to the ancestors, and not to the descendants, 
of the persons named on the title-page, who were the grandparents of the com- 
piler. The plan is to begin with the'earliest ancestor in each name and give a 
record downward in a single line. Four tabular charts at the end show at a 
glance the various lines of descent. 




The next pamphlet is the fifth number of Mr. Dudley's praiseworthy History 
of the Dudley Family. As au extra number has previously been issued, six 
numbers or over GOO pages have really been published. This part, like the pre- 
vious issues noticed by us, is devoted to the genealogy, biography and history 
of the various families of Dudley. Mr. Dudley has been engaged for over forty 
years in collecting materials for this book. We trust that those interested will 
send in subscriptions to him, that he may be encouraged to continue the pub- 

The Whittemore pamphlet contains an account of the Whitternore family of 
Hitchin, Herts, England, and a brief account of other families. The emigrant 
ancestor of the American family was Thomas Whittemore of the Hitchin family, 
who settled in Charlestown. probably as early as 1G42. The reader will find 
much valuable matter here besides the genealogical portion, which traces many 
descendants of Thomas of Charlestown. 

Mr. Loring's pamphlet contains a genealogical account of his ancestors and 
their near kindred, besides other genealogical matter of interest. 

The next pamphlet by Mr. Williams of" Bethlehem, Penn., gives four genera- 
tions of the descendants of Robert Williams, who came in 1G37 from Norwich, 
England, and settled in Roxbury. The compiler of this work has obtained new 
evidence about the family in Norwich since he contributed the article to the 
Register, vol. 44, pp. 211-12. This will appear in a full genealogy of the 
family upon which Mr. Williams has been engaged for many years. The pam- 
phlet is reprinted from the Magazine of New-England History. 

The Sawyer pamphlet is a new edition, enlarged and corrected, of the article 
contributed by Mr. Appleton to the Register for April, 1874. 

The Ball pamphlet gives the descendants of Edward Ball, who settled on 
Block Island as early as 1G78. The compiler, Mr. Nicholas Ball of Block 
Island, R. I., is a descendant in the sixth generation. He has performed his 
task in a creditable manner. 


Mrs. Henrietta Sterrett Baldwin, 
wife of Byron A. Baldwin, died at her 
residence, No. 21 S Michigan Avenue, 
Chicago, Illinois, March 7, 1890, after 
three days illness. She was born at 
Erie, Penn., February 3, 1840, and was 
the youngest daughter of the late Hon. 
Joseph M. Sterrett and Catherine 
(Ribleh) Sterrett. She leaves to mourn 
her departure, her husband, one son, 
Walter Sterrett Baldwin, and one 
daughter, Kate Stewart Baldwin. She 
was a devoted wife and mother, and 
her memory will long be cherished for 
her many good qualities by all her 
friends and acquaintances. Her re- 
mains are laid to rest in the beautiful 
cemetery at Erie, Perm. 

Mr. Joseph Linton Waters of Salem, 
Mass., died after a protracted illness at 
his house, 80 Washington Square, in 
that city, on Tuesday morning, Aprd 
14, 1891, aged 64 years, 6 months and 
10 days. He died in the same house in 
which he was born, and the thought that 
this was to be the case was comforting 
to him in his last days. He was the 
eldest son of the late Hon. Joseph G-. 
Waters, who presided over the Salem 
Police Court from IS 42 to 1874. Eor 
several years, the son acted in the 

capacity of clerk. Mr. Waters was a 
brother of our contributor, Henry F. 
Waters, A.M., now in London; also 
of Edward S. Waters, Treasurer of the 
Holyoke Water Power Co., and of 
Charles R. Waters, for many years in 
a confidential position with the house 
of Felton & Son, Boston, and who now 
occupies the old homestead in Salem. 
Their mother died in November last, 
and an obituary of her will be found in 
this volume of the Register, p. 174. 

From 1849 to 1854 Mr. Waters was 
either clerk or deputy collector in the 
Custom House at Salem, being asso- 
ciated there with Nathaniel Hawthorne, 
of whom he was an intimate friend. 
He is referred to in a pleasant manner 
by the great romancer in the preface to 
"The Scarlet Letter." From 1S55 to 
1872, Mr. Waters was Register in the 
Land Department of the Hlinois Central 
Railroad, with headquarters in Chicago. 
He was the soul of honor, and held 
many important trusts, not only with 
that great corporation, but of several 
estates. He was one to whom was 
entrusted the guardianship of the 
orphan chddren of the brother of Charles 
Dickens. He was buried on Wednes- 
day the loth, the Rev. George H. Hos- 
mer officiating. 





^^^/^^ 'c^t^U-ck^t +^^ 

; ■ 5 



OCTOBER, 1891 


By Rev. Henry Allen Hazen, D.D., of Auburndale, Mass. 

Mr. Billings was a member of our Society only two years, be- 
insr elected in October, 1888 : it may be doubted whether he ever 
attended our meetings, and personally, he was known to few of our 
members. But, if intelligent and hearty interest in the work of 
the Society, manifested in substantial form, amid the labors of a busy 
life, constitute a claim to remembrance in the Register, such record 
is his due. 

Frederick Billings was the son of Oel and Sophia (Wetherbe) 
Billings, and was born in Royalton, Vt., Sept. 27, 1823, The 
family is traced through fifteen generations, to John Billing of 
Rowell, who took his name from the place of his abode, about four 
miles from the borough of Northampton, England.* His eldest son 
was Sir Thomas Billing, and the line descends thus: Nicholas 3 , 
John 4 , William 5 , Soger 6 , Richard 7 , William 8 , William 9 , William 10 , 
Joseph 11 Billings, Samuel 12 , John 13 , Oel 14 . William 9 was the 
emigrant ancestor. He was married in Dorchester, February 12, 
1657-8, and removed to Stonington, Conn., where he became one 
of the largest proprietors. Samuel 12 was killed in the defence of 
Fort Griswold, when the British, led by Benedict Arnold, in 1781, 
burned New London. John 13 , after a term of service in the Revo- 
lution, sold his Connecticut lands, and settled in Royalton, Vt., 
where he became a leading citizen of that young town. Plis wife 
was Olive, daughter of James Noble, of New London ; eleven 
children were born to them, of whom the eighth was Oel, born 
April 18, 1778. Oel Billings became a merchant in Royalton; 
but in 1835, when Frederick was 12 years old, he removed to 
Woodstock, where he died November 19, 1871 ; his wife having 
died May 1, 1870. Mr. Billings was the fourth of nine children, 
six sons and three daughters, of whom five are living. 

* The pedigree was traced by the late Mr. Horatio G. Somerby. See History of Wood- 
stock, Vt., p. 589. 

VOL. XLV. 24 

260 Frederick Billings. [Oct. 

The Woodstock of Mr. Billings's early days was a very notable 
town, most worthy of the love and loyalty which were so deeply en- 
graved on his heart. Few towns in Vermont, or the world, are 
more beautiful for situation. Nestled in the picturesque valley of 
the Ottaqueche, with Mt, Tom and other high hills surrounding, 
its views of hill and dale, meadow and forest, can never be forgotten 
by its fortunate inhabitants, roam they ever so far. Drawn by 
these and other attractions, the men and women who had made their 
homes in Woodstock, and gave it character, were a most notable 
galaxy. Among them were such men as Charles Marsh, and his 
illustrious son George P., so long a member of Congress and our 
first minister to Italy ; Jacob Collamer, U. S. Senator and post mas- 
ter general ; Andrew Tracy ; O. P. Chandler; Norman Williams; 
Peter T. W r ashburn ; Dr. Thomas E. Powers ; Titus Hutchinson ; 
Drs. Gallup and Palmer, whose lectures made the Medical School 
famous in its day ; Rev. Walter Chapin ; Nathan Cushing and the 
Danas. One who knew little of the town recalls easily these names. 
In such surroundings Mr. Billings received his youthful impressions 
and inspirations. He ranked well, and was popular among his 
school-mates, having an easy facility of acquisition and expression. 
In 1839 he entered Kimball Union Academy, and, in 1840, went 
to Burlington, Vt., where he was graduated from the University of 
Vermont in 1844. He then read law with Hon. Oliver P. Chandler, 
and, in 1846, was appointed by Gov. Horace Eaton secretary of 
civil and military affairs, a place he held for two years. 

An older sister, Laura, had married Capt. Bezer Simmons of 
New Bedford, who had made several whaling voyages to the Pacific ; 
and, early in 1$49, Mr. Billings yielded to the persuasions of Capt. 
Simmons and his wife, and accompanied them to San Francisco ; his 
sister, however, contracted a fever on the Isthmus, and died soon 
after they reached their destination. Here the 3'oung lawyer found 
the golden moment of opportunity open to him. The new El Dorado 
was just revealing her treasures to the world, and the tide was turn- 
ing swiftly to her shores. 

Mr. Billings opened the first law office in San Francisco, and his 
scholarly abilities were of that high order which commands success. 
The firm of Halleck, Peachy, Billings & Park took first rank. 
Trenor W. Park became after widely known as a successful business 
and railroad financier, and Gen. Halleck brought to the firm his 
West Point training and great ability, which, when the war came, 
made him General in Chief of the army. 

"The law firm was dissolved in 1861, on Mr. Billings's going to Eng- 
land in company with Gen. Fremont upon business connected with the 
General's great Mariposa estate. Mr. Billings was an influential and 
earnest actor in the exciting events of the formative period in the history 
of California, and active in the various movements for the establishment of 
law, order and the institutions of education, religion and civil government, 
through which the new State became a stable Christian commonwealth. 

1891.] Frederick Billings. 261 

He was especially active in defeating the conspirators who endeavored 
to detach California from the Union at the outbreak of the civil war, and 
in company with Starr King, he made a tour of the State, in behalf of the 
National cause, everywhere electrifying the audiences which assembled to 
hear them by his patriotic appeals. Although he was an unusually 
impressive speaker and peculiarly fitted for a public career, Mr. Billings 
never cared to enter political life. He accepted the responsible position of 
Attorney General of California, but held no other political office, although 
often pressed to take nominations for such offices during his residence in 
San Francisco. After the re- election of President Lincoln, and while he 
was reconstructing his cabinet for his second term, the California delegation 
in Congress urged upon him the propriety of giving California a represent- 
ative in the new cabinet/ and unanimously recommended Mr. Billings for 
the place. Only two days before Mr. Lincoln was assassinated he gave 
assurances to a member of the delegation that their request would be com- 
plied with. After Mr. Lincoln's death, the Legislature of California, then 
in session, unanimously passed a resolution requesting President Johnson 
to appoint Mr. Billings to his cabinet as a representative of the Pacific 
coast. These facts attest the high estimation in which Mr. Billings was 
held by the people of California at the time when he left that State to 
settle down in his old home in Vermont." 

Mr. Billings was married March 31, 1862, to Julia, daughter of 
Dr. Eleazer Parmly of New York city, where she was born December 
8, 1835. Their children are: (1) Parmly, born in San Francisco, 
February 6, 1863, graduated from Amherst College 1884, and died 
May 7, 1888; (2)^Laura; (3) Frederick; (4) Mary Montague; 
(5) Elizabeth; (6) Ehrick, born October 17, 1872, died Oct. 17, 
1889; (7) Richard. 

Soon after his marriage, Mr. Billings "closed up his business in 
San Francisco, and, after a period spent in foreign travel, he re- 
turned in 1864 to Woodstock to make his home there. In 1869 he 
purchased the Marsh estate, comprising the homestead of the late 
Char es Marsh, the father of George P. Marsh, which occupied the 
most beautiful and conspicuous site in that beautiful village. Mr. 
Billings twice almost wholly reconstructed the mansion, and in the 
words of the historian of the town of Woodstock, e he went on 
making additions and improvements, till at length in the extent of 
territory, in the variety and orderly arrangement of the various parts 
of this wide domain and in the convenience and elegance of the 
buildings erected thereon, his home on the hill came to resemble one 
of the baronial estates of the old world, and is not surpassed in 
these respects, and in beauty of situation, by any similar establish- 
ment in New England,'" But his position in the business world had 
become too commanding to permit the quiet enjoyment of his W ood- 
stock home. 

His life in California had enlisted his interest in trans-continental 
railways, and especially in the Northern Pacific ; and when the 
failure of Jay Cooke threw that great enterprise into financial straits, 
he was led to devote his skill and resources to its rescue. This he 

262 Frederick Billings. [Oct. 

did, and the successful completion of this vast railway was more 
largely due to his persevering wisdom than to any other man. Such 
occupation made it necessary for him to live much in New York, 
where he had a pleasant winter home on Madison Avenue. 

Mr. Billings belonged to the class of men who are constantly 
reaching after new and larger worlds to conquer. He had a natural 
affinity with great enterprises, and, during his last years, he had be- 
come one of the promoters of the great ship canal through Lake 
Nicaraugua. He recognized the importance of such a highway from 
ocean to ocean, bringing the Atlantic and Pacific slopes of America 
into closer connection. His interest in it, like that which he had 
felt in the Northern Pacific, was that of a statesman, and when it is 
completed his name must be remembered in its history. He was 
also a director or trustee in the American Exchange National Bank, 
the Farmer's Loan & Trust Co., the Delaware & Hudson Canal 
Co., the Manhattan Life Insurance Co., the Manhattan Savings 
Institution, the Presbyterian Hospital, the Hospital for Ruptured 
and Crippled (all of New York city) ; the Connecticut River Rail- 
road Co., the Vermont Valley & Sullivan County Railroads, the 
Connecticut & Passumpsic and the Rutland Railroad companies. 
He was president of the Woodstock Railway Co. and of the Wood- 
stock National Bank. 

Mr. Billings avoided the peril to which too many great business 
men become victims ; he was not the slave of his business. To the 
amenities of literature and of life his heart was always open ; and 
every good work seeking honestly to better men's character or con- 
dition found in him a true friend. He never lost the vital freshness 
of a true Christian character, and shared in Jonathan Edwards's keen 
interest in all that related to the progress of God's kingdom in the 
world. Of the illustrations of these statements a few only can be 
given. His alma mater held his continued interest in most practical 
ways. They culminated after the death of his townsman, George 
P. Marsh, at Rome, in the acquisition of his valuable library, rich 
in philological treasures beyond any other in this country, of which 
he made a gift to the University. Then this library must be suitably 
housed, and Mr. Billings proceeded, in his own munificent way, to 
erect a library building, designed by the great architect Richardson, 
which, with a later addition, is one of the finest in the land. The 
College, the State and the Country must always be indebted to him 
for this great benefaction. To Amherst College he gave, as a 
memorial of his son Parmly who died soon after his graduation, 
a fund of $50,000, and a similar sum to Mr. Moody's school for 
boys at Northfield, Mass., in memory of his son Ehric. 

He was a corporate member of the American Board of Commis- 
sioners fur Foreign Missions, elected in 1876, and took deep and prac- 
tical interest in its world-wide labors, as well as in home missions. 
The town on the Northern Pacific which bears his name received the 

1891.] Frederick Billings. 263 

gift of a church, as the symbol of his interest in its highest welfare. 
And the church in Woodstock, as well as the "brick" Presbyterian 
church in New York, found him a wise and constant friend. He 
never was weary of putting his love for them into practical forms. 
The parsonage and the chapel of the Congregational Church in 
Woodstock are both appropriate expressions of this love ; and the 
last public work of his life was a reconstruction of the " Old 
White Meeting House," which may fitly stand as his monument. 
This reconstruction preserves, with devout care, the historic identity 
— the old frame and shape, adding only such improvement and orna- 
ment as harmonize, and the completed work is a beautiful archi- 
tectural home for generations of worshippers. Another thoughtful 
and public-spirited work for his townsmen was the tranformation of 
Mt. Tom into a beautiful forest park, with more than five miles of 
well built roadway, where the people may seek health and pleasure 
amid the most charming surroundings. 

Another monumental work which he secured for Woodstock was 
the fine "History" of the town, published in 1888. The author 
was his life long friend, Henry Swan Dana. The volume is an 
octavo, of 641 pages, printed at the Riverside Press, and is one of 
the finest town histories yet published of any Vermont town. 

After some months of lingering disease, borne with manly forti- 
tude and Christian resignation, Mr. Billings died at his home in 
Woodstock, September 30, 1890. From the address at his funeral, 
by President Matthew H. Buckham of the University of Vermont, 
some extracts must be given. With allusion to his text (2 Samuel 
iii. 31), " Know ye not that there is a prince and a great man fallen 
this day in Israel ? " the speaker proceeds : 

" Eulogy will have fitting place on some other occasion. And rarely 
has eulogy a worthier theme than that occasion will furnish. Many voices 
will mingle in it. Commerce, enterprise, art, learning, charity, patriotism, 
religion, all will claim the right to be heard, and to add their several notes 
to the full harmony of the strain. But ours to-day is a humbler and yet a 
tenderer and more sacred office. We his friends, you his neighbors and 
townsmen, the men and women who have grown up with him, who knew 
him in days of youth and hardship, and whom with growing affection he 
has loved in his days of prosperity and ripened manhood, we have gathered 
here in this church which he built in loving memory of the fathers and 
mothers, his and yours, whose piety was dear to him and to you, — we have 
gathered here, not to speak and to hear such stately words of well deserved 
praise as of others none could speak so well as he, but to talk to one 
another in homely, heartfelt phrase of the friend we have lost; to solace 
our grief by recounting the virtues which endeared him to us; to give 
utterance to those feelings of admiration, of gratitude, of love, which both 
nature and religion encourage in us; and then as Christians, with Christian 
submission, and faith, and hope, to lay his body by the bodies of his parents, 
and his children, and his townsmen of many generations, in that beautiful 
spot where many of you will also in due time be gathered to him and to 
his fathers and yours. Thus 1 know, and you know, he would have bid 
vol. xlv. 24* 

264 Frederick Billings. [Oct. 

me speak. And though, as one said of old, it is hard to set limits to our 
feeling for such a man, I shall hope not to offend that gentle and modest 
spirit whose presence is al! about us to-day." 

" I note this princely character first in his endowments. In his intel- 
lectual, his emotional, his moral, his executive qualities, he was a gifted 
roan, and his gifts were of the large and royal kind. He was not only 
largely gifted, but most happily gifted, with those diverse and related gifts 
which at once enhance and supplement each other, and together make a 
man whom other men can at once admire and love. Entering college 
some years after he had graduated, I found the fame of him still fresh in 
college tradition, the fame of his scholarship, his oratory, his popularity, his 
intellectual and social leadership. Of the great men of those times, — and 
no American college then had greater, — Wheeler and Marsh, and Torrey 
and Benedict, — youthful as he was, he was almost as much the companion 
as the pupil, and especially enjoyed the confidential friendship of that chief 
of teachers, James Marsh. Everybody who knew him in those early days 
foresaw his brilliant career. What direction it would take uo one knew. 
It would not have surprised anyone to have it prophesied of him that he 
w r ould be a leading advocate, or an eminent statesman, a preacher of com- 
manding influence, a literary celebrity — or what he actually became, a 
magnate in the world of business — but that somewhere, in whatever field 
he might occupy himself, he would be a king of men, everyone foreknew. 

You will all agree with me that Mr. Billings had great emotional gifts. 
He was richly endowed in the region of the affections. He had the capac- 
ity for deep and strong love for kindred, for friends, for good men and 
women, for home, and country, and God. His susceptibilities were quick 
and tender. He was easily stirred to enthusiasm by the sight or the 
thought of anything noble or lovely ; and correspondingly intense was his 
power of indignation against anything unworthy or wrong. Herein lay the 
secret of his marvellous oratory. Probably no man that our state has ever 
produced, and few men of our time, had such power to rouse and move and 
sway the hearts of an audience as Mr. Billings had. 

Mr. Billings was great and princely also in his activities and enterprises. 
Most men soon come to the limit of their abilities. Up to a certain point 
they grow with their occupation and succeed in it. But sooner or later 
there comes a time when the event, the complication of business, the case in 
court, the monetary crisis, is too large for the man and ruins him. Then 
it is that the great man shows himself. He grows with events and always 
outgrows them. By dint of struggling with a great enterprise he becomes 
great in capacity and power. Numerous and towering obstacles which 
daunt other men rouse and hearten him. Continental enterprises can be 
carried through only by men who have, so to speak, continental abilities. 
Such abilities without room for question Mr. Billings possessed. Of the 
great projects in the business world with which he was connected, and in 
which his part was always that of the dariug and masterful executive head 
and will, it is not in place now to speak. But it is very significant that 
having signalized his business career by carrying to substantial completion 
a great transcontinental railway, he should in his last years have become 
deeply interested in the latest project for an interoceauic canal, and have 
sighed because he was not still in his 40th or 50th year, that he might have 
pushed that also to a successful result. What such a mau might have 
accomplished in some of the innumerable possibilities which still await the 
man of power to conceive and execute, if he could have had 20 years more 

1891.] Frederick Billings. 265 

of physical vigor, the vigor which other men of the same age will have to 
spend upon trivialities, it almost takes away one's breath to imagine. 

Again, Mr. Billings was princely, yes, royal in his munificence. This 
also has been said of him a thousand times, and is for that reason the more 
impressive when we say it here to-day. And though many and many 
others may say, and do say, this of him, none have a better reason for say- 
ing it than you and I — than I, who say it daily with gratitude to God whose 
special grace it is that makes one the liberal and cheerful giver whom the 
Lord loveth and whom all men love. A noble sift, a gift more benign and 
beautiful in every feature and aspect of it than that which Mr. Billings has 
made to his alma mater, no most affectionate and devoted son ever made 
or could make. And you, in order to be reminded of his munificence, you 
have only to look around you. This church and the adjoining chapel, his 
spontaneous and unsolicited gift to this church, — his offering rather to 
filial piety and the worship of God and the saving gospel of Jesus Christ, — 
this tells vou better than anv words can tell, in language through which he 
being dead yet speaketh and will long speak to you, what a joy he had in 
giving and spending that others may be helped and lifted up and saved. 
But his was not only the munificence that poured out its bounty in splendid 
largesses here and there, his also was the hand that scattered benefits every 
day like the gentle rain upon the place beneath. Not the fewest in num- 
ber, nor the least sincere of those who mourn to-day, will be those whose 
prayer for daily bread has been answered through Mr. Billings's thoughtful 
and watchful kindness. 

He was great also in his humility. I am disposed to say that to those 
who knew him well he never seemed so great as in his humility. We all 
know that humility never seems so charming as in a mau of power, when, 
in scripture phrase, such a man is clothed with humility, when he seeks to 
hide self behind its unobtrusive drapery. There is a modesty which 
knows its worth but shrinks from exposing it to the common gaze. There 
is a true humility which in its lofty appreciation of transcendant merit, sets 
a low estimate on itself and all its belonging. This deep humility was that 
of Mr. Billings. His standard was the highest. His appreciation of ex- 
cellence was so keen and so discriminating, in literature, in art, in learning, 
in st; tesmanship, above all in character, that he could not do otherwise 
than set before him the mark of a high calling and judge himself thereby. 
But Mr. Billings's idealism, while it made him severe with himself, did not 
and could not make him severe with others. In estimating others he was 
the most generous of men. It was beautiful to witness him in the same 
breath disparaging himself and commending others. I appeal to his neigh- 
bors and townsmen, to those who have regularly or from time to time 
stood in this pulpit, to any who have worked with him or for him — was 
ever praise heartier than his? Was appreciation ever so genuine, so grati- 
fying as was his? But this man, from whom a word of praise outweighed 
all that other men could say, would sit in his library with bowed head and 
moist eyes and tell himself what a failure he was, how poor were the 
successes for which men admired and envied him, how much more ad- 
mirable and enviable was the lot of some poor country minister whose 
work and whose life helped men toward heaven, and how different a man 
he would try to be, and how different a life he would lead, if he could only 
be^in all over airain. 

And now it only remains to say that Mr. Billings was a prince in his 
faith. It is characteristic of a large-minded and large-hearted man to have 

266 Frederick Billings. [Oct. 

a lar<*e full faith in truth, in goodness, in good men and most of all in God. 
A timid, distrustful, suspicious spirit, which challenges every appeal to its 
confidence, aud guards every concession with minute and elaborate and 
subtle reservations, — such a temper belongs to feeble souls and small 
natures. A true man is faithful to his own trusts, and that makes it easy 
for him to believe that other men are faithful and that God is supremely 
faithful. For what is religious faith but believing that God is faithful and 
committing one's soul to him in well doing as unto a faithful Creator? I 
am not sure that Mr. Billings's faith in God was uninterrupted and serene. 
Indeed, I believe that God's discipline does not attain its highest bene- 
ficence without bringing one's faith sometimes to that point of tension at 
which doubt begins. But I am sure that out of every such trial his faith 
became stronger and purer and simpler. He must have often remembered 
his own question to Ehrich as to what he thought about during his lonely 
and sleepless hours, and the heroic reply of the little philosopher that he 
thought 'about the problems of life,' and the cheerful faith which prompted 
him to write on the margin of a magazine which had been left with him, 
'the future is all right,' and have prayed that he might have the child's 
faith. And we believe that he did have it; that this long period of bodily 
disability and mental clearness helped him to attain to a higher degree of 
it; that suffering, instead of obscuring, served to brighten and refine it; 
and that, in his last days, as never before, he humbled himself and became 
as a little child, and entered into the Kingdom of Heaven with a child's 
unquestioning, unreserved, contented faith. And so this energetic, un- 
tiring spirit, which esteemed " nothing done if ought remained to do," 
which was inclined to blame itself first if there was a failure anywhere, 
settled calmly down into that contiding acquiescence which knows in whom 
it believes, aud that he is able to keep that which is committed to him, and 
rests itself and all dear to it, lovingly in the arms of God." 

T\ e may conclude this notice with extracts from a private letter, 
written by his Xew York pastor, Henry J. Van Dyke, D.D. 

" Few people realized how large and many-sided a man he was. 
Providence directed his life into a certain practical channel, into 
which he threw himself with such intense energy ar d marked ability, 
that his name became identified with the rescue of the Northern 
Pacific Railroad from ruin, and its successful completion. But even 
in this enterprise he was much more than a railroad man. Fie 
thought of it as a great cause, essential to the development of the 
nation, and full of good for future generations. And, while he 
w r orked for it, his sympathies did not grow narrow, but broader and 
deeper, going out towards all things good. In art he had a natural 
taste which led him to choose pure and sweet and wholesome pic- 
tures. I shall always remember the pleasure with which he showed 
me Boughton's f Return of the Mayflower ' when it was first hung 
in his sitting-room. It seemed to him to express that which was 
finest in the Puritan spirit, softened and glorified by the touch of 

"In his gifts to hospitals and colleges, and above all to the church, 
he wa3 princely ; not because he gave largely, though he did that ; 
not because he gave carelessly, for that he never did ; but because 

1891.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbroolc and others. 267 

he gave as one who had the good cause at heart ; because he made 
it his own cause ; because he sought the honor and welfare of the 
kingdom, as a prince should do. 

"His will was powerful. His feelings were quick and strong. In 
such a man there was necessarily a capacity for great indignation. 
But he could forgive as generously as he could fight bravely. I have 
seen him do the two beautiful things, — ask pardon for an offence 
which was not his own, and grant pardon for a wrong which had 
been committed against him without excuse. His love was stronger 
than his anger. There was a fountain of manly tenderness in the 
granite of his nature. He once told me that his idea of unhappine33 
was 'not to love.' 

"It was beautiful, as the end of his life drew near, to see how full 
and clear the waters of affection flowed from his heart. The spring 
did not fail, but grew brighter and more abundant. And his Chris- 
tian faith was that of a little child. 

" He often regretted that Providence had not made the way clear 
for him to enter the ministry, as he wished to do in his youth. But 
I am sure that God knew best where He wanted His strong servant 
to labor, and crowned his works at last with the ? Well done, good 
and faithful servant/ " 



Communicated by William Blake Trask, A.M., of Dorchester, Mass. 

[Continued from page 222.] 

Boston July 16 th 1724. 
May it Please your hon r 

This Waits on your hon r to advise you that the Two Coxes that 
were bound to the East are put into Marblehead, where they are indeavouring 
to get more men, having on board boath scooners but fourteene men, and 
our people here being so very uneasy about so many of their freinds and 
relations being now in the hands of the Indians are very backward to goe 
against them in a Hostile manner, they begg the favour of your honour, 
that there be some emediate measures tacken to redeme our people and 
Vessels out of their hands. M r Cox tells me he will willingly taike on 
board anything that we shall send to redeme our men and Vessells out of 
their hands, and if your honour will please to give direcktions to the two 
skippers to ackt according to the measures the Indians have propos'd it will 
be a great Obligation uppon the Widdows and fatherless that are now in 
some hopes of some of their freinds remaining still in their hands. This 
favour the distressed people in Marbleh d desired me to aske of your hon r . 

I am Yo r Hon" most Obed' Humb 1 serv' John Minot. 

I would farther say to your hon r that our people would chearfully goe 
here what number your hon r pleases to maike reprisals on the enuime, pro- 

268 Letters of Col. Tliomas Westbrooh and others. [Oct. 

vided they can meet w th y m to advantage, at sea, but if they have hal'd up 
our Vessells into the Countrey, as we understand they have, it will be im- 
possible to come at them without a fiacrg of truce, and, If your hou r pleases, 
I will goe Down there with them. If your hon r sees meet to act in this 
affaire it's my humble Oppinion that it's emediatly requisite a post be Dis- 
patch'd to Marblehead to stop these two Coxes to reseiveyour Hon" Orders. 
I am Yo r Hon" Most Obed 1 Hum bl Serv' 

They may call at Casco for Jos. Beane & the Ves- Jn° Minot.* 

sell that is there which the Indians desire to come. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 12. 

S e Georges Fort July y e 21 st 1724. 
About half an hour before Sun setting We saw five Vessels coming 
up the river, and looking at them but a little while the Man in the Watch 
Box call'd to us, saying the Indians were on the back side of the Garrison 
with a Flag of Truce. We no sooner heard that, but we made ready our 
Flag in order to have some talk with them, and when they saw our Flag 
up, there appeared several of them with an English Captive, named John 
Barton, a Fisherman, belonging to the Isle of Shoals, and being come 
within hearing, an Indian spake with our Command r as follows. 

INDIAN. You no see there something, pointing to the Vessels coming 

COMM dr . Yes, and what then, asking what they wanted. 

INDIAN. It was the Garrison, and if we shou'd Surrender the Garri- 
son they wou'd give us very good Quarters and send us to Boston in one 
of their Scooners. 

COMM dr . We want not your Quarters for we came on purpose to fight, 
adding that all the Indians in the Eastward cou'd not take us. 

INDIAN. What is your Capt ns name. 

COMM dr . Canady, at which they smil'd, our Command 1 " asking who was 

INDIAN. Said they had eight, all this while one of their Vessels coming 
up got so near that our Command 1 " told them he wou'd fire a great Gun at 

* John Minor, son of Stephen and Mary (Clark) Minot, was born Dec. 27, 1690. He 
was a groat-grandson or' Elder George Minot, of Dorchester, Mass., who was horn Aug. 4, 
1594, in Siilfron Walden, Essex, England, son of Thomas Minot, Esq., Secretary to'the 
Abbot of Walden. (See " Minot Family," Register, Vol. I. 171-178, 256-202.) 

George, first of the family in this country, above mentioned, resided at Neponset, in 
Dorchester; freeman 16-34. October 28th, of that year, he was one of the ten men of the 
town, chosen " to order all the affayres of the Plantation, for the year ensuing." He was 
a ruling elder in the church thirty years; died Dec. 24, 1671, in the 78th year of his age. 

Capt. John Minot, the eldest son of Elder George Minot, was born in England, April 2, 
1626; married Lydia Butler, May 19, 1647; had son Stephen, born in Dorchester, Aug. 10, 
1662, whose will was made Oct. 30, 1732, proved the 13th of November following. Men- 
tions wife Mercy; sons Stephen, John, George, Christopher, Peter and James; daughter 
Mehetal»el, who" had purposed to mairy Richard Bill, Esq., of Boston; " granddaughter 
Lydia Eaton, her mother, my daughter, Lydia Eaton, deceased," wife of Joseph Eaton; 
daughter Rebecca Miller, wife of Samuel Miller. He left legacies to Rev. Benjamin 
Col man, Rev. William Cooper, "and to the Church of which they are pastors" — Brattle 
Street Church — "to which I belong;" 30 pounds, for a piece of plate for the use of the 
Communion Table. Among the items of real estate mentioned are, his Mansion or Dwell- 
ing house in Sudbury Street, Boston, with the land; George Tavern, in occupation of 
Simon Roger-, bounded S.E. on Highway or Road leading to the Town of Roxbufy ; one 
moiety or half part of Minot's T, so eal'led, being the Westerly part thereof, Adjoyning 
the Long Wharfe or Pier in Boston, with houses, warehouses, smith shop, etc. ; land to 
George, third son, on George Street, in Boston; land to James, sixth son, in Kennebeck 
River, co. York, at a place called Pleasant Cove Farm, on Westerly iiide of said River, 
about 700 acres, with houses, barns, cattle, etc. 

John Minot, writer of the above letter, second son of Stephen, died at Brunswick, then 
District now State of Maine, Jan. 11, 1764. 

1891.] Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. 269 

her if they shou'd come any nearer, whereupon the Indian call'd to them to 
stop, but they not knowing what he said, still came up, so that we fir'd a 
great Gun at the Vessel, at which they stopt their Course and soon after 
fell down to the rest. The Indian told us he wanted we shou'd let that 
Vessel come up above the Garrison, to which our Commander answer'd, he 
wou'd not, telling them they were us'd to play the Rogue under a Flag of 
Truce. They made the Captive speak to us encouraging us that we shou'd 
find very good Quarters, as he had, if we shou'd surrender y e Garrison, & 
telling us that if we did not he was to dye y* night. "VVe told him we cou'd 
not help it. The Indian ask'd when they might come again with their Flag 
of Truce, whether they might not to-morrow. Our Command 1 , he cou'd 
not tell, he thought once in a Week was enough. Whereupon they drew 
off and made a fire that night a Quarter of a Mile from the Garrison. 
About ten of the Clock in the Nijiht we hYd one Gun at them at which 
they spread themselves about the Garrison and made an hideous Yelling, 
after which they lay still, the remaining part of the night. 

The next morning, being Wednesday, they came to the same place with 
their Flag of Truce, where they did the night before, and when we put up 
our Flag the same Ind n began to speak as follows. 

INDIAN. You no give up the Garrison, promising us good Quarters 
as before. 

COMM dr . No, saying, withal, if there were ten thousand of them he 
shou'd not do it. 

INDIAN. Then we take it, threatning to kill us all like Dogs, if so be 
it cost them any labour to take it. 

COMM dr . We value You not, nor what you can do, for if You have the 
Garrison You must take it by force of Arms, wh ch you nor all y e Indians in 
y e Eastern Country can do. 

INDIAN. What do You stay here for, You can do nothing but lose 
men, and it is not worth your while only for the sake of keeping that house, 
telling us that we had lost a great many men already, and shou'd lose 
more, for they wou'd lye at our backside & keep their Vessels in the river, 
so that we shou'd not get away, neither shou'd any help come to us. 

COMM dr . Here is a good Harbour You may stay here and Welcome. 

INDIAN. How long You Stay here. 

C0MM 4f . It may be two Years or more. 

INDIAN. It is not your Land. 

COMM dr . It is King George's Land, and the Govern r has given me a 
Commission to defend it, and if there were ten thousand of You I wou'd 
fight You, for I came for nothing else. 

INDIAN. What's the reasou that King George's Land men no go to 
King George to get any of his Land. 

COMM**. Your Fathers sold this Land to the great men in Boston, it 
may be for a little money, and now you want more, for Indians are never 

INDIAN. You lye, my father never received one Penny. 

COMM dr . You lye, I speak the truth, the Land is not yours, and You 
shall never have it. 

INDIAN. O You much Stout, Why You no come out into the Woods. 

COMM dr . It is not my business, I was sent here to keep y c Fort & 
that I will do in spite of You & all that You can do. 

They told us their chief Capt ns Name was Joel. After Abundance of 
threatnings they left us and went down the river to their Vessels and in a 

270 Letters of Col. Thomas Westbrooh and others. [Oct. 

short time they put into a Cove with one of their Vessels out of our Sight 
to lade with Wood and Combustible Stuff and having fitted that they came 
up with Another that was prepared before and set it on fire designing to 
burn the Block House & immediately that which they had been fitting in 
the day came round the Point with her Sails full but by reason of a great 
Gun that was fir'd at her Sheer'd off and the tyde carried her a little way 
up. The first came very near, yet we had y e good fortune to escape. This 
happen'd a little before night. 

While the Vessels were burning they kept firing on all sides but we held 
them in Play and by heaving on Water We prevented the fire's doing any 

About one of the Clock in the morning seeing their design frustrated 
they left us and went away very silently. 

Thursday the 23 d about ten of the Clock in the forenoon We saw nineteen 
Cannoes come from the Vessels that went to Wessowwesgig Carrying 
Place, besides others that were left with the Vessels. They did not come 
nigh us all this day till towards night, and then about ten of them came to 
the Point on the other side of the river, and brought the Captive with 
them in order to sell him to us. Having had some talk about the Price 
they thro' much persuasion let the Captive come to us, and having given 
him some Victuals We sent him back again with a Jackett & pair of 
breeches to shew them. They lik'd them very well and sent the Captive 
to us again. The Command 1- sent over a red Coat which they took a great 
fancy to so that when the Captive went with it to them he with our per- 
swasions got his Master to come over on this side to agree with our Com- 
mand r about the Price, but tho' our Command r went out and us'd many 
intreaties he could not prevail with the Indian to come within sight of y e 
Garrison. At last the Captive being advis'd by our Command 1 * proffer'd to 
give his Master to the value of five and twenty Pounds, which the Indian 
took up with thinking the things inention'd amounted to five & fourty 
Pounds which was their lowest Price. We put the things agreed on in the 
Boat and sent one of our men with the Captive half way over the river ac- 
cording to agreement, that they might receive their Pay, but they wou'd 
not Veuture but wou'd have our men go aboard the Scooner that lay about 
a mile and an half down the river. We having gone as far as they agreed 
to wou d go no farther, and night coming on when we saw they wou'd not 
come off we call'd to our men to come ashoar with the Boat, which they did, 
telling the Indians to come next morning for their Pay. While the men 
waited for them to come off in order to receive what was in the boat the 
Indian that came on this side went over with the Coat wh ch is all they have 
rec d for they never came to us after, but went away, early the next morning. 
We had Ace 1 by the Captive that there was one Indian mortally wounded 
in the fight. Vera Copia p r W m Coyne for Lieu 1 W m Canady. 

August y e 27 th I went down the river with a boats crew, in Company with 
Lieu' Banks who went with three boat3, and by that time we had got two 
miles from the Garrison on board Capt Saund'[ers], who was then going 
away, the Indians fir'd upon the Garrison. [The paper, of the original, in 
the next liue is so worn and broken, by folding, as to make the letters 
illegible] with as many men as we cou'd conveniently take out by y e 
Garrison, but cou'd not find any thing of them. 

We have discovered the Indians several times since, but they have not 
done us any damage, by reason of our keeping in the Garrison for the most 

1891.] Remarkable Military Life, 271 

Endorsed — Treaty with y e Indians — 1724. 
Mass. Archives, 29: 154-157. Volume entitled "Indian Conferences, 

Letter to Cap* Durrell for part of his men to go in three fishing vessels 
after Indian privateers Eastward, 1724. 


Having rec d Advice of sev 11 Vessels man'd with Indians infesting 
the Eastern Coast to the great Disturbance & Loss of those concern'd in 
the. Fishery, 

I desire you to draw out of your Ships Company fifty or sixty of your 
ablest Men which with such Men as I have Order'd to be impress'd here & 
in the Out Posts, to be all under the Command of your Lieut. Lett them 
forthwith proceed East in three small Vessels provided for that Purpose. 
Lett them keep near the Shoar & look into the Harbours as they go along 
& endeavour to get Intelligence of the Enemy, & decoy them by Sounding 
for Fish & Concealing their Men & such other Methods as are Proper for 
that End & by all possible Means to find out the Enemy & suppress & 
destroy them as well as any Pirates that may possibly be on the Coast. I 
do not limit you as to the extent of Coast for this Cruize, But leave it to 
you & the Discretion of your Officer how far East he may proceed, in which 
he must govern himself according to the Intelligence he may meet. If he 
can hear of the Enemy on Shoar & his Men be capable of Service that 
Way Lett Him land such a Number of his Comp 7 as he shall think fit & 
prosecute the Indians vigorously on the Shoar: If after all proper Methods 
for Discovery of the Enemy, There be no likelyhood of Meeting with 
them & intercepting them by Sea, He must endeavour to find out the 
Vessels the Indians have taken & if practicable secure & bring them off. 
But one good Officer in each Vessel to be under the Direction of your 
Lieut. & to proceed by his Orders. They must return back in thirty Days, 
Unless Circumstances shall be such as to give great Prospects of Doing 
Service by Staying out longer. 

Mass. Arch. 52: 20, 21. 

[To be continued.] 


Communicated by "William Willdee, Wheildox, Esq., of Concord, Mass. 

Major Thompson Maxwell was born in Bedford, Mass., and 
may almost be said to have passed his life on the field of battle, 
" born and brought up as a soldier." Like the memorable George 
Washington, he entered military service when lie was a boy. Wash- 
ington was born in 1732, and Maxwell in 1742, and both entered 
the service of the country when about fourteen or fifteen years of 
age ; both were in the French and Indian wars and the war of the 
American Revolution. Maxwell enlisted in a company of Rangers 
in 1757, and served in the various campaigns until 1763 ; was in the 
Revolutionary war from 1775 to 1779; was in the Shays Rebellion 
vol. xlv. 25 

272 Remarkable Military Life. [Oct. 

in 1787 ; and also served in the second war with England, in 1812, 
and remained in the army until 1819, latterly as barrack master at 
Detroit. He was also in civil life, a member of the Massachusetts^ 
Convention which framed the State Constitution in 1780, and was a 
representative in the Legislature from the town of Buckland, after- 
wards residing in Ohio. He visited Massachusetts in 1821, and 
was still living in 1833, near Detroit, 90 years of age. The fol- 
lowing narrative was dictated to, and written by Mr. Benjamin 
Gleason in 1820-21. 

Major Thompson Maxwell. 

His father's name was Hugh Maxwell, born in or near Belfast, Ireland, 
1699, and died in Massachusetts, March 19, 1759, by a foil from his horse, 
aged 60 years. His mother was born in 1693, and died in 1769, six years 
older, and lived ten years longer than his father. 

There were five sons and two daughters, viz. William, Margaret, Sarah, 
Hugh, James (born at Mystic), Benjamin (born at Woburn), and Thompson 
(born at Bedford, Mass.). Thompson M., the youngest son, born (the 50th 
year of his mother) Sept 11, O. S., or 22, N. S., 1742, and lived at home 
with his parents till the spring of 1757. 

In May or June, 1757, Capt. Nehemiah Lovell, of Dunstable, raised a com- 
pany of Rangers, for the protection of the frontiers against the French and In- 
dians. They were called the Provisional Rangers, whole number 700, under 
Gen. Amherst, at Lake Champlain. Active and patriotic, Thompson Maxwell 
enlisted, and (using his own words) our march was to Pennycook (now 
Concord, N. H.), Pigwacket Pond (now Lovells), in Fryeburg, Me. 
Scoured the woods to Connecticut River, near to White River, Vt. We 
there reconnoitered to No. 4 (now Charlestown, N. H.), which three days 
before was burned, subsisting on wild game, until we reached No. 4, for 
nine days. Thence to Hinsdale, Brattleboro', etc., including one day's 
march above No. 4 to Black River, from White River to Connecticut River, 
and at No. 4 again. Twenty or twenty-five of us finally return via Wal- 
pole, Keene and Swanzy, to Winchester, Fitchburg, Groton, etc., home. 

1758. In April, enlist in Capt. Lovell's company for eight months. 
Rendezvous at Fort Edward. Thence to Deerfield; up Deerfield River to 
Rice's Fort, in Charlestown ; over the mountains to Adams and Williams- 
town, to Fort Hawks. Major Hawks and his whole party prisoners. Get 
provisions ; up the Hoosac River to within ten miles of Bennington ; cross 
to Troy, to Half Moon Fort (now Waterford), on Mohawk River. To 
Fort Edward again, Gen. Abercrombie in command (strict and severe), 
with 4000 British, 3000 Provincials and 700 Rangers, besides Frazer'a 
Scotch Regiments, with their kilts, plaids, etc. We reconnoitre from Fort 
Edward to Fort George, and E. of lake George to the Bluffs, 15 miles, 
when the Indians attack the first day in a body; second day scatteringly 
and the third day are dispersed. We then arrive at Fort Ann. While 
Major Rogers's party are shooting at a mark, after breakfast, Major Putnam 
with his battalion moves for Fort Edward. At two miles advance we are 
ambushed, and fight hard for six hours, from 10 till 4 o'clock. The brave 
Major P. made prisoner and suffering greatly after his capture. Fifty-eight 
killed, 84 wounded in the conflict. The firing is heard at Fort Edward. In 
the evening recruits came with carts to bear off the dead, and the wounded 
borne on the back or biers to the fort. We remaiued ten days at Fort 

1891.] Remarkable Military Life. 273 

Edward, and the army then moves to Fort George. In August, we cross 
Lake George to Sabbath Day Point. Sunday bad an action; the boats re- 
turned to Fort George ; the army advance to Ticonderoga. Lord Howe 
and Gen. Abercrombie order a reconnoitre along the Indian trails. A ser- 
geant, a corporal, and three or four men of our scouting party, arranged six 
or eight rods apart, directed by occasional whistling, move cautiously through 
the woods ; but the Indians watchfully waylay, and unseen, lire upon us, 
killing the corporal and file-leader, and we are compelled to retreat. 
Hurrying over a hill, I am met abruptly by two Indians, who give chase 
for a mile, when at a breathing pause, with deliberate aim, I kill one and 
leave the other logg'd; then meeting the sergeant, he swims the outlet with 
me holding on by his shoulders, and then arrive safe at the fort. Septem- 
ber, the attack : Tyconderoga stormed ; loss 1500. October at Fort Edward ; 
December home. 

1759. Enlist eight months with Capt. Samuel Brewer of Waltham. 
May, to Fort Edward. June, on a scout. In an action at Roger's Rock 
(40 feet high, W. of Lake George), we lose thirty men. Retreat to Fort 
George, and have a hard tight at landing. To Tyconderoga, and thence to 
Crown Point. Find both evacuated. Engage in building boats, etc. 
December, to St. Francis, Rogers commanding. Lose all our blankets, 
etc. Massacre and burning. Surprisals frequent by the enemy. Seventy 
of us under Gen. Stark to No. 4. Realize great suffering; thirty-seven 
die, the rest surviving various hardships. Get safe at home at last. 

17G0. Enlist with Capt. Barnes of Chelmsford. May, with Capt. 
Brewer at Crown Point. Rangers scouting. Often engaged in skir- 
mishing, etc. September, the army take boats and pass to Isle au Noir. 
Here a seige of eleven days and fighting. To Chamblie an action ; to St. 
Johns. 20th of October, to Montreal. Gen. Murray from Quebec, Gen. 
Amherst (1758 at Louisburg) from the Lakes, and Gen. Howland from 
the south, are now with us. Colors flying, drums beating, drills and camp 
display in martial splendor. Montreal surrenders. October, Canada ceded 
to the English. 1000 men remain; one regiment of 800 men winter 20 
miles above Montreal. We go to Detroit; the ice ruus late, and we con- 
tend with many hardships and have soldiers fare. 

1761. September, arrive at Detroit. The last of October, 250 of us go 
to Mackinaw, and make winter quarters, to protect, the N. W. company^ 
goods. So engaged, the season in garrison duties until the spring. 

1762. In May, crossed Lake Superior to the N. West; Grand Portage. 
In August, to Mackinaw. In September, to Detroit, variously engaged, 
hither and thither during the year. 

1763. In the spring go to Chicago and return, reconnoitering by land, etc. 
In the summer, Pontiac and 3000 Indians make a dreadful massacre at 
Mackinaw, by a stratagem of playing ball, — thrown in and out the garri- 
son, — until they get free and familiar access to the fort; allaying all sus- 
picion and pretending only amusement and good faith; then raising the 
war-whoop, they make a general rush! 200 British and their families all 
slaughtered ! An awful calamity, and unknown abroad until after the 
arrival and retreat of Pontiac and his Indian warriors; in August, at 
Detroit. At this time there was in the Detroit garrison about 800 British 
and 170 Rangers. Councils were held. A delay of ten days making 
preparations; an Indian woman favored in the traffic of elk skins and moc- 
casins, betrayed Pontiac's secret designs of another massacre; 36 warriors 
were admitted to the garrison, under a strong guard, for a talk, and their 

274 Remarkable Military Life. [Oct. 

treachery exposed, by throwing aside their blankets, each one concealing a 
loaded shot gun. They were urged to peace, and required to depart forth- 
with; but Pontiac revengeful, the whooping and fighting continued for two 
or three days, so fiercely that the pickets were often on lire. Meanwhile a 
sloop of war, carrying 16 guns, Capt. Palding, with stores (Adam Brown 
interpreter), arrives. Slowly moving up river in a calm, the Indians take 
fright at the vessel's cannon and leave Detroit. In a moment of bravado, 
Maj. Gladden and Capt. Deil, with 550 volunteer troops pursued, following 
their boats up to Bloody Bridge, fearless of their warlike appearance, the 
brandishing of their tomahawks, carbines, etc., but the Indians landing, fight 
a desperate battle with us, give us no quarter, and our adventurers are 
repulsed with great slaughter and loss. Of 400 British and 150 Rangers, 
170 British and 70 Rangers only return to garrison. November, the Treaty 
of Peace received. In '59, Maj. Gen. Wolfe and Lieut. Gen. Amherst had 
command of the British and American forces. The attack and conquest 
of Quebec, in September, Gen. Wolfe slain. In '60, the whole province of 
Canada surrendered to Gen. Amherst, and was confirmed to Great Britain 
by the treaty of 1763, British and American forces occupying Tyconderoga, 
Montreal and Quebec, etc. 

In November, 1763, obtained my dismission and went home. Married 
Sybel Wyman, being then 22 years old, and she 27 years old. We lived 
together 38-J years. In May, '64, lived at Milford, then at Amherst, N. H., 
farming, teaming, etc., until 1775. Moved to Buckland, Mass., in 1779. 
My children were: Hugh, James (in Ohio), Joshua (in New York), Thomp- 
son (in New York), and Betsey. In 1802, my first wife died. In 1807, 
married the widow of Capt. Little of New Jersey, and she died in 1813, 
leaving one son in Ohio. Residence in Ohio, Butler County, town of Madi- 
son, called the " Brush Estate." [These notes were taken 12 years since, and 
Major M. has since married again, to a widow of Michigan Territory, and 
been occupied in farming, etc., at his present home somewhere in the 
neighborhood of Detroit; if now (1833) living, he is at the advanced age 
of nearly 91 years.] His narrative continues: 

In 1773, December 16, was in Boston, when the tea was thrown over- 
board. Seventy-three spirited citizen volunteers, in the costume of Indians, 
in defiance of Royal authority, accomplished the cUring exploit. John 
Hancock "was then a merchant. My team was loaded at his store near 
Faneuil Hall, for Amherst, N. H., and put up to meet in consultation at his 
house at 2 o'clock P.M. The business was soon planned and executed. The 
patriots triumphed. 1774-5, at Amherst, the country alarmed. Volun- 
teers enrolled, minute-men raised, etc. Arms collected, soldiers kept on 
drill, alarms frequent, all much en<xasred. 

1775, April 18. Happened at Boston, with my team, and that evening 
to Bedford, at Capt. Wilson's (my brother-in-law), and concluded to stay. 
The team sent home to Amherst, N. H. The Provincial Congress at Con- 
cord [adjourned loth]. Messrs. Hancock and Sam Adams at Lexington. 
Lieut. Col. Smith and Maj. Pitcairn, with 900 British regulars met the 
alarmed colonists at Lexington, 19th, aud then to Concord, destroying stores, 
arms, etc. At the bridge opposed by Capts. Davis, Buttrick, Wilson, etc. 
with about 500 men. The British retreat and are met by Ld Percy's re- 
cruit of 4 or 500 British, with two field pieces at Lexington, the Americans 
following them to Charlestown. Tiiis day Capt. Wilson killed. The re- 
port of Americans killed 50, and wounded 70. Of the British 65 killed, 
180 wounded, 25 prisoners, probably much larger number. Our company 

1891.] Remarkable Military Life, 275 

from Amherst, N. H., under Capt. Crosby (my rank Lieut), arrive, and 
soon 2000 troops are assembled at Cambridge. Gen. Ward commanding. 

June 16. Col. Reed's regiment stationed at Chariestown Neck. Put- 
nam, Heath, Prescott, etc., on Bunker Hill. In the evening walk on the 
hill with Capt. Reed. My brother, Col. Hugh Maxwell, engineer, and 
about 1000 men at work. I drive stakes. June 17, engaged in action, and 
retreat to Winter Hill, Gen. Sullivan of New Hampshire, commanding. 

July 3d. Gen. Washington arrived at Cambridge. The last of August 
went with a select number of volunteers to Hog Island and brought off 
cattle, sheep, horses, etc. Soon after a Br. sloop of war got aground in 
Mystic River, having 12 guns and a guard of 16 men. A small party of 
us made an attack; 10 of them escaped in the boat, and we took 6 prisoners, 
and burned the vessel. Gen. Putnam now commanding [at Winter Hill] 
with about 5000 men. 

1776. March 17. Boston is evacuated by the British. 20th, we march 
to Boston. 22d, to Mendon. 24th, to Providence, and so on to New 
Haven, and in vessels to New York. April 11, arrive; our number 
4000 troops. April 18, with Gen. Sullivan's brigade of 4000 men, leave 
New York city for Albany. Thence to Lake George, Tyconderoga, Crown 
Point, St. Johns, River Sorel, etc., to Trois Riviere, Gen. Thomas command- 
ing. The last of May, we arrive and have a battle at Trois Riviere, Guy 
Carleton commanding the British. In June, to Montreal, under Col. Reed 
(Gens. Sullivan, Arnold, etc.), to La Chine. To Jesus Isle to capture 
Church's party. To Montreal (in three hours), pass by Arnold and cross 
ferry; on to St. Johns. Capt. Oliver joins Gen. Sullivan; the number of 
troops about 5000—2000 active. To Isle au Noire (the small pox pre- 
vailing). I chance in the near transportation and am ordered on to Crown 
Point and thence to Tyconderoga, until November. Gen. Sullivan's 
brigade now commanded by Gen. Gates, and Col. Reed's regiment, ordered 
to the south to join Gen. Washington, west of Delaware River. In Novem- 
ber, we move to Albany; thence to Esopus (60 m.) to Delaware River, 
and in Pennsylvania, via Bethlehem. 

December 14th, arrive and join Gen. Washington at Newtown, opposite 
Trenton, N. J., 30 miles from Philadelphia. Here until Christmas. 
December 26, to Trenton. An action; 1500 Americans take over 1100 
Hessians and recross to Newtown. The prisoners sent to Philadelphia, Dec. 
31, to Trenton. 

1777, January 1, south side of the creek, breaking ground under Col. 
Nixon, with 400 men. New Years day at dark, Washington's artillery 
drives Cornwallis back from the bridge, fires during the night. 2d, . to 
Princeton — the action — 3000 Americans 2500 British. The American 
army in two divisions, Gen. W. commanding 1500, and Gen. Green 1500 
men. Gen Washington and 1500 men to Brunswick, thence to Morris- 
town; in winter quarters. Last of January 90 waggons of the British 
taken. Foraging, &c. The last of February at Raritan River; a fight 
with the British foragers — a drawn battle. The last of March, in Col. 
Reed's brigade to New York. Thence to Tyconderoga and join Gen. St. 
Clair in June. In July, Gen. Burgoyne drives the Americans to ±sew 
York State. A battle with the British rear guard at Hubbardstown. The 
action at Saratoga and Bemis Heights: Gates against Burgoyne — sup- 
posed more than 20,000 troops engaged, that is 10,000 Americans against 
10,000 English. The Americans final triumphant victory ! 

August 16, go to Bennington, Vt., Col. Baum commanding the British 

VOL. XLV. 25* 

276 Remarkable Military Life. [Oct. 

regulars; the action and their defeat. Gen. Stark took upward of 500 
Hessians; more than 200 killed. I am now with 36 men acting as Lieu- 
tenant to Gates. Sept. 19, the British attempted to turn our left wing, in 
order to pass to Albany. Reinforcements and a general engagement — one 
piece of artillery three times taken and retaken. October 7, the action 
this day, the British were conquered. Oct. 17, surrender of Burgoyne. 
Grand military display. Resigned and returned home. 

1778. In the spring engage in another campaign, as Captain of Rangers. 
We march to Saratoga. Gen. Stark commander on the North and Mohawk 
Rivers, entrusted with the defence of the northern frontier at Cherry Valley. 
Col. Willett acting against Sir John Johnson at Albany. Hendrick (a 
friendly Indian) opposing Brandt (a half blood Indian) from Dartmouth 
College — a Colonel and chief of the Mohawks. At Stone Arabia with GOO 
Americans, ranging, etc. Our company is thus variously engaged, skir- 
mishing, foraging, pressing the enemy, etc., in a cheerless year's adventures. 
December return home. 

1779. In April to Saratoga; May or June to Cherry Valley to join 
Gen. Sullivan. Down the Susquehannah to Tyoga Point, etc. July, 
opposing Butler and Brandt, with the Six Nations at Hogback, Chenang 
Co. etc. At Queen Catherine town ; the old Indian Queen saved. Corn 
destroyed and an orchard of 1000 trees, at Geneva. August, at Genessee. 
November, the company of Rangers, 50 men, dismissed at Saratoga; resign 
and return home. Move to Buckland, Mass., Hampshire County, and con- 
tinue residence there for twenty years to A.D. 1800. Then go to Ohio, 
Madison County. 

1780. A member of the Massachusetts Convention to frame a Constitution 
of government — and have been a representative to Boston five or six 
times during my residence at Buckland, before removing to Ohio. 

In 1787, as Captain in the militia oppose Daniel Shays and the insurgents, 
at Springfield, under Gen. Shepherd, who finally quells the insurrection. 
Our company at South Hadley; Shays at Pelham. Gen. Lincoln with 
500 men from Boston pursues him to Petersham — he escapes to Canada. 

1788. The Federal Constitution ratified. In 1300 to Ohio. 1802, my 
wife died. [At this time Mr. Maxwell was in possession of a good farm, 
many cattle, etc., and in 1807, in the autumn, married a second wife at 
Detroit, who died in February, 1813. He continued his farming and 
military service, and, in 1811, was in the battle of Tippecanoe, Gen. Harri- 
son commanding the United States troops.] 

April, 1812. Engaged in raising troops. "The Prophet" collecting 
forces, Gen. Hull in command with troops at Dayton, Ohio; my residence 
thirty miles distant. In May, went to Dayton, as Major, in United States 
service; guide the troops through to Detroit. Col. Miller joins Hull, when 
about 50 miles advanced. Return home one week. July 4, arrive at 
Detroit with Capt. Robertson and others. July 30, at Canard's Bridge. 
Brock and Proctor, the Charlotte sloop-of-war and 700 British troops. To 
oppose the enemy were Miller 300, Findley 500, Detachments 400, Michigan 
militia 400 — say 1500 or 1 GU0 men, with a month's provisions and three 
weeks ammunition. August 9, at Brownstone, Miller, Snelling, Cass, 
McArthur, etc. August 1G, Hull surrendered. September, to Cleaveland, 
a prisoner of war, with about 100 of sick and wounded. October, home to 
Ohio. Here a mob, irritated by Hull's pusillanimity, misjudging my 
patriotic efforts, and denouncing all parties concerned in the late disasters 
at Detroit, rally and gather about my habitation, burn my house, destroy 

1891.] Remarkable Military Life. 277 

my property, and, barely clothed, I escape for my life through a corn-field 
by night, from the danger and the ruins. I then go on to Upper Sandusky, 
join Gen. Harrison destined to the Rapids of the Maumee. Fort Meigs, 
etc., rebuilt; and until the following March, I am uncertain of being 

1813. February 25, 1 return home to Dr. Little's, at Madison, in low 
health. Threatening letters are received, and to avoid danger 1 journey 
about Ohio to Cincinnati. In March, I visit friends, make settlements and 
am advised to leave the army. I was unjustly accused by Capt. Robinson, 
as a dangerous enemy and a tory, etc., in Hull's surrender. June, to Cleve- 
land with Col. Jessup, and to Buffalo. July, join Miller at Fort George. 
In August, Gen. Wilkinson takes command. October, moved to French 
Mills, to St. Lawrence River, etc., and now, October, 1813, a prisoner of 
war at the advanced age of 71 years, 

1814, March. To Blattsburg; April, at Lacole Mill, opposite Isle au 
Noir, a foraging master, ordered to join Gen. Brown at Erie, and go on the 
1st of July. August 25, the battle of Bridgewater, Gen. Brown command- 
ing with Miller, Jessup, Scott, Ripley, etc, 1st Brigade to Erie. Septem- 
ber, I am wounded. The British cannonading; the Americans opposing. 
Gen. Gaines commanding; Gen. Miller commanding 500 men. Sept. 17, 
took the batteries; the sortie of Erie. Sept. 30, settlements. Oct. 1, 1814, 
foraging. Incidentally falling in with 25 British horsemen on a scout, in 
consequence of some robbery I am taken prisoner at Erie, and carried to 
Fort George, thence to Little York and Kingston, by land; thence in boats 
to Lachine; thence marched to Montreal, to Trois Riviere and Quebec. 
Nov. 29, in close jail. 

1815. Realize many hardships in my 73d year. Capt. Deman friendly 
to me and the prisoners. March 19, exchanged. Thence in carryalls, etc., 
carried within 25 miles of Plattsburg and join Gen. Brown. In May, to 
Sackett's Harbor; on furlough to New York, Ballstown, etc. In July, 
barrack master for Detroit; with Gen. Miller to Buffalo, and in August 
again arrive at Detroit, building the cantonment, which is finished in 
December, and thus variously engaged. 

1816, '17, '18, '19, during these years with the troops. In the winter of 
1819, the office of barrack master is abolished. Then, as engineer, work 
upon t le roads from Detroit to the river Raisin, 36 miles, and thence 30 
miles more to the Rapids — say in all about 70 miles. 

During the two last summers' residence at Detroit, receive Captain's pay, 
$240 pension, with the rank of Major. The natural infirmity of years ex- 
cepted, at the age of 77, have geueral good health, a firm step, active habits, 
temperate aud unbroken faculties, ardent patriotism, industrious disposition, 
an honest mind and a grateful heart; still in the enjoyment of social in- 
terests, estimable friendships and the constant duties of devotion. A long 
and useful life. 

1820, November. Leave Detroit and visit friends in New York and to 
Boston. 1821, January and February, visiting at Boston and vicinity, 
through Massachusetts. During the year to New York, to Ohio and again 
to Detroit, etc. 

1833, January. Maj. Maxwell is believed to be still living in his pleasant 
family connections near Detroit, past 90 years of age, honored by his com- 
patriots, esteemed by his associates, beloved by his relatives and greatly re- 
spected by all his fellow citizens; happy in his reflections on a very active 

278 Capt. John Elliott, of Boston, Mass., 1722. [Oct. 

and useful life, having a competence for all the wants of his declining years, 
and very happy in the pleasures of society, the reward of government and 
the glory of his country. 

It will be seen that Maj. Maxwell was present at some consultation 
had by the tea party in Boston, in 1773 ; was engaged in the Con- 
cord fight on the 19th of April, 1775, and was present w r ith his 
brother at the work and battle of Bunker Hill. A portrait of Maj. 
Maxwell, by the artist Greenwood, was among others in the New 
England Museum in Boston, some years ago, and is probably still 
preserved. A sketch of the life of his brother Hugh, and of his 
military experiences, was published some time ago in pamphlet 

The above narrative is transcribed from an old time-worn manu- 
script, re-copied by Mr. Gieason, in January, 1833, of which he says : 
" These notes were copied hastily many years since for personal satis- 
faction (he being a relative by marriage) , but furnishing a memorial 
of engagements, vicissitudes and events, so extraordinary} connected 
with one human life, and some among the most important in our 
national history, it is thought expedient to gratify anxious patriotic 
friends with a transcript for publication." But, it is believed, they 
have never been published. He suggests that there may possibly be 
some mistakes of names or dates, which the reader is asked to ex- 
cuse, if any are found. W. w. w. 


Communicated by Isaac J. Greenwood, A.M., of New York city. 

Dr. John Clark, the third, eminent not only as a Representative, 
Speaker and Councillor, but equally so as a Physician, and for the firm stand 
which ^e took in favor of inoculation, died in Boston, Dec. 5, 1728, age 62, 
leaving all his property, after a few special devices, to his five children : 
John, Mary Allin, Martha Elliott, Sarah (after wife of Prof. Isaac Green- 
wood), and Elizabeth (after wife of Col. Robert Hale), with the proviso, 
that his daughter Elliott's portion should be held in trust during the natural 
life of her husband, John Elliott. The daughter, Martha Clark, b. June 
26, bapt. June 30, 1706, at the Old North Church, was married by her 
uncle, the Rev. Dr. C. Mather, April 13, 1725, to Mr. John Elliott of 
Boston. The inventory of her effects, as widow Martha Elliott, taken in 
1744, was sworn to April 5, 1745, and her son, Clark Elliott, sold in June, 
1762, the property on Back St. (Salem St.), which had come to his mother 
through the will of her fattier. 

The writer was, for many years, unable to identify the John Elliott in 
question, until a descendant, the Rev. John E. Elliott, of Newington, 
Conn., informed him that in the summer of 1882, searching through a mass 
of old papers in the garret of a house, formerly occupied by his uncle Clark 
Elliott, he had found three documents of considerable interest, relative to 
his ancestor, viz. : 

1891.] Capt. John Elliott, of Boston, Mass., 1722. 279 

1. A Letter of Marque, given by Col. Eichard Phillips, governor of Nova 
Scotia, to John Elliot, in 1722, commissioning him to command a naval force 
for the protection of the fisheries of Canso, and the extermination of pirates. 

2. A petition from said Elliot, about June, 1728, to King George II., asking 
for a certain office, and referring to his services for the King, viz. : a great 
naval battle and signal victory in 1722 ; a serious wound, etc. 

3. A commission from the King,- appointing John Elliot, who appears to have 
been originally from Topsham, co. Devon, in England, to the office of collector 
of customs at Newbury (now Newburyport), New England. 

Referring to Hutchinson's History of Massachusetts, Vol. XL, 266-7, we 
find that, in the latter part of July, 1722, the Eastern Indians, instigated 
by the French, 

"Surprised Canso, and other harbors near to it, and took sixteen or seven- 
teen sail of fishing vessels, all belonging to Massachusetts. Governor Phillips 
happened to be at Canso, and caused two sloops to be manned, partly with 
volunteer sailors from merchants' vessels which were loading with fish, and 
sent them, under the command of Capt. John Eliot, of Boston, and John Robin- 
son, of Cape Aim, in quest of the enemy. Eliot, as he was ranging the coast, 
espied seven vessels in a harbor called Winnepaug, and concealed all his men, 
except four or five, until he came near to one of the vessels, which had about 
forty Indians aboard, who were in expectation of another prize falling into 
their hands. As soon as he was within hearing, they hoisted their pendants 
and called out, Strike, English dogs, and come aboard, for you are all prisoners. 
Eliot answered that he would make all the haste he could. Finding he made 
no attempt to escape, they began to fear a tartar, and cut their cable with in- 
tent to run ashore; but he was too quick for them, aud immediately clapped 
them aboard. For about half an hour they made a brave resistance, but, at 
length, some of them jumping into the hold, Eliot threw his hand grenadoes 
after them, which made such havoc, that all which remained alive took to the 
water, where they were a fair mark for the English shot. Erom this, or a like 
action, probably took rise a common expression among English soldiers and 
sometimes English hunters, who, when they have killed an Indian, make their 
boast of having killed a black duck. Eive only reached the shore. 

Eliot received three bad wounds, and several of the men were wounded and 
one killed. Seven vessels, with several hundred quintals of fish, and fifteen of 
the captives were recovered from the enemy. They had sent many of the 
prisoners away, and nine they had killed in cold blood. The Nova Scotia In- 
dians had the character of being more savage and cruel than the other nations." 

A similar account of the affair, drawn from New-England letters, dated 
Aug. 20th, appeared in Boyer's Political State of Great Britain, for Nov. 
1722. Alluding to " the great depredations committed by the Indians, who 
had surprised and taken several Vessels in the Harbors, and no less than 12 
off Aspoggin, 40 leagues to the westward" (meaning the remarkable cliff 
of Aspotgoen, on the promontory that separates Mahone from Margaret's 
Bay), this account informs us, that Capt. Elliot "arrived at Canso the 
last day of July, with his Colours flying, an Indian Blanket in form of a 
bloody Flag, at the Top-Mast Head, with the Head of their Cbiefest King 
and Councillor on his Ensign Staff, and another on his Jack Staff, and two 
Scalps of those who commanded under them. The reason of their bring- 
ing away no more Scalps was because the Indians threw their men over- 
board as soon as killed." 

Elliott's consort, Capt. Robinson, who had become separated in a fog, 
was likewise successful in killing some of the enemy and in retaking two 
vessels; five of them however, lying in the harbor of Merliguash (or Lunen- 
burg), he was, owing to the superior number of the Indians, unable to 

Clark, 2 only son of Capt. John Elliott, b. Dec. 26, bapt. Dec. 31, 1732, 
at Old North Church, was an apprentice of Thomas Greenough, in Bos- 

280 Muster Roll of Capt. Willingtoris Company. [Oct. 

ton, and a witness of his will in 1748. He settled in New London, Conn., 
as a mathematician and instrument maker, and in 1767 commenced a series 
of "Connecticut Almanacs" under his own name. Chagrined at some 
mistake in his astronomical calculations, he subsequently carried on the 
Almanac under the name, it is said, of Edmund Freebetter. His death 
took place Aug. 11, 1793, and in his will he mentions land in Spencer, 
Mass. By his wife, Desire Billings, who died March 10, 1700, he had 
one son Euclid, 3 b. 1700, who m. May 11, 1794, Abigail, dau. of William 
and Hannah (Pullman) Starr, of Middleton, Conn., and died from yellow 
fever, Sept 30, 1798, at New London; his widow, Abigail, died Oct. 10, 
1816, having had two sons: 
i. Clakk 4 Elliott, b. Oct. 12, 1796, who m. Oct. 12, 1818, Abigail Gillett 

of Hebron, Conn., and died Nov. 8, 1818. His widow was still living 

in 1881, the mother of several children, of whom were, Clark, b Edwin, b 

Ericin (teor<je b and Benjamin Phelps 
ii. Euclid 4 Elliott, b. Oct. 9, 1708: m. April 21, 1822, Lucy Smith Coit, 

of New London, who was living in 1882 5 he died March 27, I84G. His 

sons were : 

1, William Starr,* b. Sept. 22. 1824, of Norwich, Conn. 

2, John Euclid, b b. Oct. 22, 1829; grad. Amherst Coll.; pastor of 

Congregational Church at Newington, Conn. [He died Jan. 
19, 1888, aged 58, at North Yakima, Washington. His genea- 
logical collections are preserved in the library of the New- 
England Historic Genealogical Society. — Editob.] 

3, Bichard Coit, 5 b. Aug. 18, 1838; of the New York bar; removed 

1879 to El Paso Co., Col., and commenced business as a mer- 

COMPANY, 1778. 

Communicated by Grenville H. Norcross, LL.B., of Boston, Mass. 
A Muster Roll of Capt. Thomas Willington Compnay in the Massa- 

chusetts Bay Battalion of Forces in the Sarvis 
America Commanded By Colonel Edward 
month of may, 1778. 

of the united States of 
Taken for the 


C January 1*' 1777 Thomas Willington Capt. 
Commissioned-^ Do. 1 1777 John Eowle Lieu 6 

{ Do. 1 1777 Benjamin Dana Ensign 




Martin Rourk 
Joseph Fassett 
Azal Hooker 
Joshua Danforth 



D. War. 



3 yar. 


[Gen 1 
On Command at the Clothing 
Sick in Camp 





Arthur Clark 
Lemuel Whitney 
manuel Swasy 
Joseph Davenport 


Sick at albauy. 

1891.] Muster Roll of Capt. Willington' s Company. 281 


Drum & fife 





Jonathan Willington 

D. War. 


John Cole 

3 yer. 



D. War. 

3 yar. 



Richard Bryan 

D. War. 


John Bennett 



William Croston 



Joseph Clark 



Jacob Crossett 

3 year. 


Richard Gray 



Ebenzer Luce 



Mathew gilligio 



Patrick Shay 

D. War. 


Jolm T. Preston 



Noble Spenser 

3 year 


Timothy Woolcutt 



James Welsh 

D. War. 

on Fatigue. 


Thaddus Ward 



Richard Whitcomb 



Peter Whitcomb 



John Fessenden 


on Gard. 


Nathan Lamson 

3 yer. 


William kitley 



Benjamin Harris 



David Luce. 

D. War. 


Adam Gotry 



Joseph Proctor 


on Command at Radnor. 


Morris Griffin 



Alexander Thomas 




Samuel Vose 


on Command by Gener! gates 


Jeremiah Fowle 

3 yer. Sick Small pox at Brookline. 


John Sharbrick 

Do. on furlough. 


John Dunolly 

D. War. 

J Deserted ^May 6 th . 

Camp Valley Forge June 2 d 1778 then Musterd Capt. Willington Com- 
pany as Specified in the Above Roll. 

F. Green. D.M.M. 
[On the back of roll] 
Proof of the Effectives. 



2 Lieuts. 




Drum r . 

















We do Swear that the within Muster Roll is a True State of the Company, 
without Fraud to the United States or to any Individual according to Our 
Best Knowledge. 

Sworn, before me 

Valley Forge. 
June 1778. 

in Camp at ) 

this 3 d Day of I A. S. Shepard 

I n io n j t John rowie Lieu 1 . 

1 Col Command' 

Tho s Willington Capt. 

282 Letter from John Hulott of Barbados, 1659, [Oct. 

A Muster Roll of Cap 1 Tho 8 Willington Company in the Massachusetts 
Bay Battalion Comm d By Col. Edward Wigglesworth, Taken For the 
Month Of May 1778. 

Notes. — Col. Edward Wigglesworth -was the son of Rev. Samuel, of Ipswich, 
born 3 January, 1742. See Register, xv. 331-G, and Savage, iv. 512. A memoir 
of him is printed in the History of Newburyport, by Mrs. E. Vale Smith, pp. 

Thomas Willington, probably Thomas of Waltham, born 1735, died 1818. 

Jonathan Willington (son of the above), born 1760, died 1810. "He was a 
drummer in the Revolutionary army, and served 8 years 1 mouth. He settled 
first in Charlestown, afterwards moved to Boston, where he kept a stall in the 
Faneuil Hall market." — Bond's Watertoicn, p. 630. 



The original of the following letter Is in the possession of Mr. 
Joseph Little, Jr., of Newbury, Mass., now living on the old George 
Little homestead. George Little, to whom the letter is addressed, 
came from Unicorn Street, London, to Newbury, Mass., in 1640. 
He made numerous purchases of land both in Newbury and other 
places. Several years after his arrival in Newbury, he married 
Alice Poor, wdio sailed for New England in the Bevis in 1638. 
He had five children. Joseph was nearly six years old, and John 
nearly four, when this letter was written. 

There is a tradition in the family of lands in Barbadoes deeded to 
ancestors, and that two young men living in the neighborhood and 
the deeds disappeared together, and the supposition was that they 
represented themselves as being of the name of Little and took 
possession accordingly. About twenty-five families of Geo. Little's 
descendants, of the same name, are residents of Newbury, a number 
of them living on land owned by him. The family living on the 
homestead have members of the fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth 
generations. For a fuller account of George Little and sixty-five 
hundred of his posterity, see * r The Descendents of George Little," by 
George Thomas Little, A.M., published at Auburn, Me., 1882. 


Loueing Brother my kind love with my wife remembered and wishing 
you health as wee are all here at present thanks bee to god, These are to 
acquaint you that I have sent by this berer ninty yards of dimity the 
which I hope you will turne to A good Acct. I am advised it is farr better 
than sugar wherefore was wished to send it rather than sugar it being for 
y e Acct. of yourselfe & Mr. Hen : JefFersou. I shall desire you to make 

up the Account witli Mr. Jefferson : I send you 7 baggs of cotton 

by via Hester. I hope they will turn to A good Acct. you will receive I 

1891.] Marriages of East Parish, Bridgewater, Mass. 283 

hope — same man those things by whome I intend to send by pray send mee 
word of the receipt of the same. I shall desire you to Acquaint Mr. John 
Biship that his goods which came from Boston the Last yeere turned to 
a very bad Acct. wherefore shall desire you to make up Accounts with him 
there, & so send mee word what ye doo in the business. Brother I reed A 
barrill of beefe & i Firkin of butter from you but it was here in the Land 6 or 
7 weekes before I heard of it which beeing tumbled up & dowoe here when 
ye fire was spoyled it & was turned upon my hands againe after I had sold 
it, pray make up the Acct. 

(A fold and torn open here) 

send me word what you make of these goods for if dimity 

bee A Comodity I can send you a good quantity every yeere & shall desire 
you to send mee provisions for it hither againe. Thus remembering my 
Loue & my wifes to you & your wife & Children doo for present Comit 
you all to god, & rest Your ever Loueing 

May the~17th of Brother John Hulott. 


I could wish that one of my Cousins 4 were here to see if he did like this 
place & live with me if you thinke so . . . . . for Awhile & if hee 
did not Like here, it shall not Cost him anything for his being nor his pas- 
sage back again. J. H. 

Loueing Brother it may be you are unwilling to send youre sonne now 
by reason he is young, if you will keepe him to scoule three or foure years 
more I doe heare ingage to pay for his scoulling and Clothing for it is my 
will with my wife's consent that after my decease and wifes that you and 
yours shall have all my estate witness my hand. 


To his Loueing Brother 
Mr. Gorg Littell 

dwelling in Newbery. 

Y 8 Mr Jam (torn) ading. 


From March 4, 1725, to August 3, 1803. 

By the Rev. John Angler (settled 1724, died April 14, 1787), and the Rev. Samuel 
Angier, his son and colleague (settled 1767, died Jan. 18, 180o). 

Communicated by the Rev. Henry F. Jexks, A.M., of Canton, Mass., from the original 

manuscript in the possession of Miss Mary H. Rust, of East Bridgewater, 

great-great-granddaughter of the Rev. John Angier. 

[Continued from page 246.] 

August 19th. 1777— Sylvanus Packard of Bridgwater & Elisabeth Marston 
of Boston were marry'd by S. Angier. 

October 7th. 1777 — Zacharias Shaw & Hannah Bisbee, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Novembr. 6th. 1777 — Francis Gray of Boston & Sarah Harris of Bridg- 
water were marry'd by S. Angier. 

VOL. XLV. 26 

284 Marriages of East Parish, Bridgeivater, 31ass. [Oct. 

Decembr. 4th. 1777 — Jonathan Alden & Hannah White, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry 'd by S. Angier. 
March 12th 1778 — Ebenezer Bisbee & Mehitabel Shaw both of Bridgwater; 

and also John Thomson & Genuet Allen, both of Bridgwater, were 

marry 'd by S. Angier. 
March 26th. 1778 — Jacob Harden of Abington & Mehetable Gannett of 

Bridgwater, were marry Yi by S. Angier. 
May 26th. 1778 — Pero Jeil'ery, Negro Man of Dr. Isaac Otis, & Crely 

Williams, Negro Woman living with Seth Mitchel, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S. Angier. 
July 27th. 1778 — George Vining & Abigail Alden, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Sept. 17th. 1 778— Joseph Whitten [Whiting] & Nabby Alden both of 

Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 
October 1st. 177S — William Shaw, Junr. & Deliverance Washburn, both 

of Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Novbr. 18th. 1778 — Robert Latham & Jerusha Hooper, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Novbr 23d. 1778 — James Allen & Polly Whitman, both of Bridgwater 

were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Decembr. 17th. 1778 — Anthony Pearce & Sile Pratt, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S. Angier. 
March 11th. 1779 — John Bisbee & Huldah Shaw, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S. Angier. 
May 19th 1779 — Edward Hayford & Lenity Kingman, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by John Angier. 
June 10th 1779 — Isaac Lazel & Jenny Byram, both of Bridgwater, were 

marry'd by S. Angier. 
June 23d. 1779 — Solomon Packard & the Widow Sarah Stetson, both of 

Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 
July 1st. 1779 — John Smith & Ruth Cornish, both of Bridgwater, were 

marry'd by S. Angier. 
Sept. 16th. 1779 — Josiah Hill & Abigail Beal, both of Bridgwater, were 

marry'd by S. Angier. 

These marriages return'd to ye Clerk Sept. 21, '.779. 
Novbr. 8th. 1779 — William Johnson & Jane Robinson, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Decembr. 9th 1779 — John Harden Junr. of Abington & Lydia Hersey of 

Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Decembr. 20th. 1779 — Matthew Ramsdel & Mary Allen, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Febry. 17th. 1780 — Iehabod Rowland of Pembroke & Mary Hatch of 

Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 
March loth. 1780 — dishing Mitchel & Hannah Newton, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 
March 23d. 1780 — Ephraim Snell & Anna Keith, both of Bridgwater, were 

marry'd by S. Angier. 
May 4th. 1780— James Keith, Junr. & Molly Mitchel, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by John Angier. 
June 14th. 1780 — George Keith & Elisabeth Ford, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S. Angier. 
Sept. 7th. 1780 — Joseph Whitman & Mary Phillips, both of Bridgwater, 

were marry'd by S. Angier. 

1891.] Will of Charles Iloctre of Gloucester, 1638. 285 

Sept. 7th. 1780 — Elijah Snow & Sarah Shaw, both of Bridgwater, were 
marry'd by S. Angier. 

October 5th. 1780— Walter Hatch & Eunice Kingman, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Octobr. 17th. 1780 — Ichabod Packard of Lebanon in ye County of Grafton 
in ye New-hamshire grant, & Rachel Chamberlain of Bridgwater in ye 
County of Plymouth were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Novbr. 2d. 1780 — Job Bearce & Sarah Keith, both of Bridgwater, were 
marry'd by S. Angier. 

Novbr. 7th. 1780 — Jonathan Beal & y e Widow Abigail Egerton, both 
of Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Novr. 9th. 1780 — William Robinson & Hannah Egerton, both of Bridg- 
water were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Decembr. 12th. 1780 — Benjamin White, Junr. of Hanover & Mary Cham- 
berlain of Bridgwater were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Decembr. 28th. 1780 — Joseph Sampson & Hannah Gurney, both of Bridg- 
water, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

These marriages return'd to ye Clerk Janry. 8th. 1781. 

Janry. 18th. 1781 — Isaac Mehuren & Mary Allen, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Febry. 1st, 1781 — William Donham of Plymouth & ye Widow Deborah 
Hooper of Bridgwater, were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Feb. 6th. 1781 — Isaac Washburn & Huldah Allen, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

March 1st. 1781 — Oliver Washburn & Hannah Gannet, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

May 14th. 1781 — Isaac Aklen & Mary Russel, both of Bridgwater, were 
marry'd by S. Angier. 

June 14th. 1781 — Arthur Harris & Celia Mitchel, both of Bridgwater, were 
marry'd by S. Angier. 

Sept. 24th. 1781 — John Mitchel & Anna Byram, both of Bridgwater, were 
marry'd by S. Angier. 

Novbr. 22d. 1781 — Thomas Whitman & Lydia Sherman, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Novbr. 2'>th. 1781 — Seth Whitman & Eunice Bass, both of Bridgwater, 
were marry'd by S. Angier. 

Returned to ye Clerk Janry. 28th. 1782. 
[To be continued.] 


Prerogative Court of Canterbury. Doctors Commons. 

Communicated by the Hon. George F. Hoar, LL.D., of Worcester, Mass. 

^ In the name of God Almightie Creator of all thinges and in Jesus Christ 
his deare and only son my most bountifull loveing Saviour and in the 
blessed spiritt my comforter Amen I Charles Hoare of the Cittie of Glou- 
cester being weake in body but perfect in memory blessed be my good god 
therefore, Doe hereby declare that my last will and testament as folio we th 
Hirst I bequeath my soule into the handes of God that created it and my 
deare Saviour that soe dearlie ransom'd it with full confidence thorough his 

286 Will of Charles Hoare of Gloucester, 1638. [Oct. 

merrittes that after the end of this life it shsll rest w th him everlastingly. 
And my bodic to the earthe from whence k came w th full assurance that 
at the last daie when my Saviour shall appear in glory it shalbe by his 
power raised upp to the resurrection of die iost, And for the estate 
it hath pleased god to lend unto me of the thizges of this world I thus dis- 
pose fiirst that with as much convenient speeds as may well be all my rentes 
and debtes sett downe under my hand and all oilier if any be and can ap- 
peare to be due shalbe paid. Item I give to my brother Thomas Hoare 
twentie pounde3, to my sister Elinor Bailies fortie shillinges, to my brother 
William Ilincksman and Walter Hincksman and Edward Hincksman and 
my sister ffounes twentye shillinges a peece in gould, alsoe I give to my 
brother Thomas Hincksman five poundes and to my servant John Sponar 
at presberie five markes and to his wife live nobles and to Thomas Prichard 
my servant fortie shillinges and to Thomas Ade my servant tenn shillinges. 
Alsoe I give to Mr. Thomas Veil and to Alderman Hill and Mr. Leonard 
To[u]ne my brother lawes and my brother for my sake and to good Mr. 
Workman our faithfull watchman forty shillings, Alsoe I give unto my 
welbeloved wife Joane Hoare y e some of three hundred and fiftie poundes 
and to my sonne John Hoare twoe hundred poundes and to my sonne Daniell 
Hoare one hundred and fiftie poundes and to my daughter Joane Hoare a 
hundred poundes and to my son Leonard Hoare one hundred poundes and 
my will is that my wife shall have the furniture of houshold that I have 
in all places at her disposing during her life and after to come indiferentlie 
amongst my children except the goodes at Thornebery w ch was deliuered 
me by the sheriffe by vertue of an elegit, all w ch I give unto my daughter 
Margerie Mathewe presentlie after my decease. Alsoe I give unto my 
sonn Thomas Hoare twentie poundes. Alsoe I give to the said Margery 
my daughter and her sonne Charles Mathewe twoe hundred poundes and 
my will is that see longe as this twoe hundred poundes remaines in the 
stocke which I shall leave (which shalbe till my executors and overseers 
shall allowe thereof for her good to lett him have it, there shalbe unto her 
and her sonne sixteene poundes a yeare quarterly paid and my will and de- 
sire is that the stocke I shall leave unto my wife and the foure first named 
children with the twoe hundred poundes given my daughter shalbe used 
and imoloyed uppon the three bargaines I have taken at Encombe, Pres- 
bery aud Slimsbridg and my wife and the foure children to have their main- 
tenance out of it, and my will is that my sonne Leonard shalbe carefullie 
kept at Schoole and when hee is fitt for itt to be carefullie placed at Oxford, 
and if y e Lord shall see fitt, to make him a Minister unto his people and 
that all y e charge thereof shalbe discharged out of the proffitt which it 
shall please god to send out of the stocke and that all the rest of my estate un- 
bequeathed all debtes and expence being discharged shalbe equallie deuided 
betweene my wife and my twoe sonnes Daniell and John, and Joane, and the 
profittes of the said stocke to aecrewe unto them alsoe untill my executors 
and my overseers shall agree for their good to lett any of them haue their 
porcons for their pr ferment. Only this excepted that my sonne Leonard 
shall have accrue and dewe unto him out of this estate six poundes a yeare 
to bee paid unto him by the foresaid hundred poundes when my executors 
and overseers shall allowe of it to be for his preferment and if anie of my 
children shall die before they come to make use of their porcons and my 
will is that porcons soe falling out shalbe equallie devided amongst 
my five children nowe with me and my sonne Thomas aforesaid and if it 
shall soe happen that the stocke bequeathed be not founde fitt to be im- 

1891.] Will of Charles Hoare of Gloucester, 1638. 287 

ployed as I hare directed but I trust y e Lord will soe blesse that happie 
trade of life unto them that some of them will never give over but if soe 
should be then my will is that my executors pay in y e porcons unto them 
if they bee att age or els to paie it in or good securitie to my overseers and 
my will is that as I have agreed with M r . Thomas Veil and p'mised there 
shall alwaies be really upon the groundes att Encome which I have taken 
of him for Eight yeares eight hundred of the best ewes to stand for his 
securitie untill all rentes and dewes whatsoever shalbe really paid unto him, 
and nowe deare saviour spreade thy amies of mercie over me purge away my 
synnes though they are many and greate and my faith weake lett thy power 
be seene in my weaknes and thy strength in my manifould infirmities keepe 
me from that evill one and Receive me to thy mercy to whom with god the 
father and the holie spiritt be all glorie and power and thankes giveinge 
both nowe and for evermore Amen : this 25th day of Sept. 1 638. By me Cha : 
Hoare: ffurther I give unto my sonne John Hoare fortie poundes more w ch 
shall accrewe unto him when all the other are satisfied out of the estate. 
AdiHon granted 21 Dec. 1G38 — to Joane Hoare the relict 

Charles Hoare, of the City of Gloucester, England, died in- 1638. His will, 
now for the first time printed, is dated Sept. 25, 1638. Administration was 
granted at Doctors Commons to Joane Hoare the relict, Dec. 21, 163S. 

Charles Hoare was sheriff of the City of Gloucester in 1634. Gloucester is a 
county of itself, by grant of Edward Third. In the first year of the reign of 
Richard Third the civil government of Gloucester was altered, and by charter of 
the same Kins: it was ordained that, instead of Bailiffs, a Mayor with two Sheriffs 
and other officers should be annually elected by the twelve Aldermen and 
" twelve other of the most legal and discreet Burgesses." (Fosbrooke's " Glou- 
cester," p. 114.) Charles Hoare was alderman of the City from 1632 to 1633, 
and perhaps earlier. In the Calendar of State Papers for 1636-7 is a petition 
signed by him that sundry expenses incurred in collecting ship-money may be 
allowed out of the funds in the hands of the sheriffs, and the remainder paid 
over " to the now Mayor and Sheriffs." 

" Good Mr. Workman, our faithful watchman," mentioned in the will, is John 
Workman, a native of Gloucestershire, whose persecution by Archbishop Laud 
was, according to Laud himself, insisted upon more than any other charge at 
the trial of that prelate. Workman, for certain expressions against the use of 
images or pictures in churches, and certain expressions against "mixed 
dancing," was brought before the high commission at Lambeth, suspended from 
the office and function of the ministry, excommunicated, required to make resti- 
tution, condemned in costs of suit, and cast into prison. Mr. Workman after- 
ward taught a school to provide for his numerous family. Laud heard of tins, 
and prohibited him from teaching children. Workman then began to practise 
physic, but soon after died in great poverty. The Corporation of Gloucester in 
1633 granted him an annuity of £20. For this the Mayor, the Town Clerk, and 
several of the Aldermen were brought before the Council, and prosecuted in the 
High Commission Court. Mr. Hoare was doubtless one of the offending Alder- 
men. (Brook's "Puritans," 2: 431.) 

Charles Hoare was the son of Charles Hoare who died in Gloucester in 1636. 
His son Thomas was baptized in the Church of St. Mary de Crypt, 15 June, 1612. 
The old vault bearing the name " Hoare" is still to be seen under that church. 
Little more is known with certainty of his pedigree. On the gravestone of 
his daughter Margaret, and her husband, Rev. Henry Flynt, in the burying- 
ground at Quincy, it is said that they were both descended from ancient and 
good families in England. In the Harleian MS. in the British Museum, Xo. 
1513 to 51, is the visitation of the County of Gloucester, by Robert Cooke 
Clarencieux King at Arms, enlarged with the visitation of the same county in 
1623. It contains on one page the arms of Hore of Gloucestershire, but there 
is no pedigree. The arms are an eagle displayed with two heads within a 
bordure engrailed. They seem to be the same with those borne by many families 
of the name in several shires of England and Ireland, with those carved on the 
VOL. XLV. 26* 

238 Will of Charles Hoare of Gloucester, 1638. [Oct. 

gravestone of Daniel Hoar, who died in Concord in 1773, aged 93, who was the 
great grandson of Charles Hoare of Gloucester, and with those borne on the 
"tumbler" bequeathed by Usher, the husband of President Hoar's widow, to 
Bridget, the President's daughter. 'These arms are also found on a marble tab- 
let iu the church at Frampton upon Severn, about seven miles from Gloucester, 
quartered with the arms of Clifford and Windscombe, and also were formerly on 
a window of stained glass in Fretherne Lodge, a mansion built by James Clifford, 
with a design to entertain Queen Elizabeth at Fretherne, about nine miles south- 
west from Gloucester. The name is found frequently in Gloucestershire during 
a period extending back nearly to the Conquest. The heiress of Hoar of Glouces- 
tershire married Henry de Clifford of Frampton, temp. Hen. 4. John Le Hore 
witnesses an ancient deed now in existence of a tenement in Wotton, Gloucester- 
shire, 19 Ed. 2d. 

The will of Richard Hoare, of the parish of St. John the Baptist in the City 
of Gloucester, gentleman, dated Aug. 4, 1618, bequeathes eighteen different 
houses in the city or county. He was sheriff in 1614. This Richard also by in- 
denture established a trust, still in exisience, by which 53 s. annually are paid to 
the poor. 

All the children named in the will of Charles Hoare came to this country with 
their mother, Joanna, iu 1G39 or '40, except Thomas. He was probably the 
eldest. It is very likely that he was the son of another wife, and had been es- 
tablished iu business, or was to inherit lands as the eldest son. He is not in- 
cluded in the " five children now with me" mentioned in the father's will, nor 
is he alluded to in the will of his brother Leonard. The name of Thomas Hoar 
appears among the early settlers in old Norfolk, Massachusetts, and also in 
Gloucestershire. But the identity of either of these persons with the son of 
Charles is not established. 

Joanna, the widow, died in Braintree, Sunday. Dec. 20, 1CG1. She is buried 
in the old Quincy burial-ground with her sou Leonard and his wife and daughter, 
near the graves of her daughters Mrs. Flynt and Mrs. Quincy. She is the ances- 
tress of many persons who have been eminent in the history of the country. 

Daniel returned to England, where he engaged extensively in trade with the 
colonies. Oct. 2, 1650, he was licensed by the Council of State " to export to 
New England 300 birding fowling pieces and muskets upon good security that 
they will not be used to the prejudice of the Commonwealth." He was in Boston 
in 1653, where he executes a power of attorney to John Hull and John Hoare, 
and describes himself as of Boston, New England. His son John, then a child, 
was iu New England in 1676, under the care of his uncle Leonard and his aunt. 

John settled in Scituate and afterward in Concord. He rescued Mrs. Rowland- 
son from captivity in 1676, protested vigorously against the evil treatment of 
the Indians in his day, and had very uncomfortable relations with the authorities. 
Margery appears from her father's will to have been the widow of a person 
named Matthewe, and to have had a sou named Charles Matthewe. There was 
a family of that name near Frampton upon Severn anc near the hundred of 
Slymbrldge, where Charles Hoare appears to have held lands. She married the 
Rev. Henry Flynt of Braintree, and died March 10, 1687. Her epitaph states : 
£i She was a gentlewoman of piety, prudence, and peculiarly accomplished for 
instructing young gentlewomen." She is pleasantly commemorated by her 
descendant, President John Quincy Adams, in his discourse at Braintree, Aug. 
24, 1839. 

Joanna became the wife of Col. Edmund Quincy. Leonard was the first grad- 
uate of Harvard College to become its president. He took the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine in England, was settled as a clergyman in Wanstead in Essex, and 
was ejected for non-conformity about 1662. It is understood that Sir Matthew 
Hale, who was of Gloucestershire origin, strongly befriended Dr. Hoar. He 
delivered two sermons on the occasion of the death of Lady Anne, wife of Sir 
Henry Mildmay, of Wanstead. She was the daughter of Sir Leonard Holiday, 
Knight and Alderman, of London, and died March 12, 1656. There were at 
least nine considerable branches of the Mildmay family in Essex about the time 
of the colonization of New England. One of these was nearly related to the 
Winthrops. Agnes Winthrop, widow of Adam, the first John Winthrop's grand- 
father, married Win. Mildmay, Esq., of Springfield Barnes, and her "eldest 
daughter, Alice Winthrop, subsequently married Thomas Mildmay, the son. of 
her mother's second husband. Mr. Henry Mildmay (first cousin of Governor 

1891.] Will of Charles Hoare of Gloucester, 1638. 289 

Winthrop) held the manor of Little Barlow, where Hooker taught a school, with 
John Eliot for his usher. This Sir Henry married a daughter of Brampton 
Gurdou, of Assingtou, near Groton in Suffolk, an old friend and neighbor of the 

Sir Henry Mildmay, of Wanstead, was the son of Sir Humphrey of Danbury, 
and second cousin to Sir Henry of Graces. He was patron of the living in 
Wanstead. After the Restoration Sir Henry's estates were forfeited to the 
Crown. He was one of the King's judges, and his manor at Wanstead was 
given by Charles II. to his brother, the Duke of York. 

Leonard Hoars wife. Bridget, was the daughter of John Lisle, the regicide, 
who was murdered at Lausanne by Royalists. Her mother, Lady Alice Lisle, 
became the victim of Jeffrey's "bloody assize." She was beheaded in the court- 
yard at Winchester in 1G85*. She was convicted of misprision of treason for 
giving food and shelter to two fugitives from Monmouth's army, although she 
protested her innocence, and it was a plain violation of law to convict her with- 
out first convicting the persons whom she was charged with having aided. Her 
attainder was reversed on the petition of Mrs. Bridget Hoar and her sister 
Try phena Grove, by act of Parliament in the reign of William and Mary. Bridget 
Hoar had two daughters. One, Tryphena, who died in infancy, is buried at. 
Braintree in the same grave with her parents and her grandmother Joanna. The 
other married the Rev. Thos. Cotton of London, whose descendants were living 
in England at the close of the last century, and probably are living there now. 
The pedigree is given by Mr. Waters in one of his Gleanings. (See Register, 
1885, p. 63.) Leonard Hoar's wife Bridget was married again, to Hezekiah 
Usher. The marriage was an unhappy one. Mrs. Usher left him, and went to 
England in 1687, and did not return until after his death in l(ii)7. 

President Hoar seems to have been a very able man. In the letter to his 
friend Robert Boyle he was the first person to suggest the modern technical edu- 
cation. He was a friend of Master Samuel Hartlib, to whom Milton addressed his 
celebrated tractate. None of the writers on New England history seem to have 
understood fully the cause of Dr. Hoar's failure in the presidency of Harvard 
College, which seems to have broken his heart, although it did not destroy the 
interest of his family in the college, of which his grandson, the Rev. Mr. Cotton, 
was afterward a generous benefactor. Dr. J. Hammond Trumbull thinks that Dr. 
Hoar's difficulties were due to the fact that soon after his arrival he connected 
himself with the new Third Church in Boston, then recently gathered by sece- 
ders from the First, who were Synodists or advocates of the half-way covenant, 
thereby bringing himself into marked opposition to the Governor, a consider- 
able number of the magistrates, all the conservative clergy, and the more in- 
fluential members of the Corporation of Harvard ; and this at a time when (says 
Cotton Mather) k - the whole people of God throughout the Colony were too 
much distinguished into such as favored the Old Church and such as favored 
the New Church. (Magn. 5 : 83.) 

The lames of the numerous descendants in this country of Charles and Joanna 
Hoar, through their son John and their daughters Margery Flint and Joanna 
Quincy, can be learned from pedigrees and records easily accessible. Besides 
those bearing the name of Hoarse the Prescotts, Evartses, Baldwins, Gen. 
Terry, the hero of Fort Fisher, the Quincys and Adamses. 

Among the other persons named in the will of Charles Hoar are his wife's 
brothers, William, Walter, Edward and Thomas Hincksraan. This name is 
written in the records of that period indifferently Hincksman or Henchman. 
There was a Walter Hincksman who, about that time, was rector of the old 
church at Matlock in Derbyshire, the place from which Rev. Henry Flynt and 
his brother Thomas Flynt of Concord came. Thomas Hincksman is in all proba- 
bility Major Thomas Henchman of Concord, afterward of Chelmsford, well 
known in the Indian wars. Edmuud Hincksman, with Edmund Quincy and 
Robert Hull, witnessed the power of attorney of Daniel Hoar above referred to. 
Thomas Hoar, the brother of Charles, is probably the Thomas Hoar who took 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts at Oxford, and who petitions the East India 
Company for employment as a preacher in 1020. Thomas Veil is a person very 
well known in the public affairs of Gloucestershire about that period. He seems 
to have been on the side of the Commonwealth in the early part of the 
Civil War. But he was one of the deputation to welcome Charles 1L on his 

290 Kittery Documents, [Oct. 


[Communicated by John S. H. Fooo, M.D., of South Boston, Mass.] 


The Desire of the Inhabitants belonging to Andrew Neal's Garrison and 
more Especially the Desire of Timothy Way mouth to the Selectmen of 
Kittery is that there might be a Convenient highway & Landing place 
Laid out at the River Side where it may be found or Thought Most Con- 
venient and Suitable for Transportation a3 also some Necessary highways 
to the Common. 

Timothy Waymouth Rich d . Gowem Sam 1 . Shory. Edw d . 

Andrews. James Ferguson William Smith, Jacob Rhods. 

Daniel Furbush. Bartho w . Thompson Thomas Thompson. 

Alexand 7- . Ferguson. 

Berwick April y e 9 th 170G. In ansuer to the within request we the 
Subscribers have Laid out a Convenient and Necessary Landing place 
Bounded as Followeth, beginning at the Lower Corner of W m . Heads his 
land which land is Adjoining to Andrew Nealls Land and from thence 
fourteen poles by the river Side and it is Eight poles Back from Said River 
& there is also a highway laid out to Said Landing place four poles wide on 
a Ridge of Upland which Lyeth between P^dward Waymouth his land and 
the afore mentioned land of William Hearl's Untill it Comes Even with 
Timothy Waymouths house when it is laid across a Swamp Until it Comes 
to a highway Called Mast Cove Way and at the Turn into Said Way is 
Six pole Wide at the aforesaid house. 

James Warren ] 
John Hill c , , 

Joseph Hill \ Select ™ n - 
James Emery J 

A True Copy of the Original Transcribed and Compared May 12 th 1712 

g Jo 9 . Hammond Clerk. 
A True Copy as Appears in Kittery Town Book 

Exam d . per Tobias Leighton, Town Clerk. 


To the Constable of y e upper parrish in j e Town of Kittery — Greeting. 

You are hereby required in her Majestys name to Sumon & give Notice 
to y e Several Inhabitants in s d parrish Quallifyed to Vote in Town Affairs 
that they Attend a parish meeting At y e house of Capt. John Leighton on 
Tuesday y e 20 th of Aprill Instant at Ten of y e clock In y e forenoon then and 
there to make choycc of a learned Orthodox & pious pson to Dispence y a 
word of god unto them as their Minister And further to do what relates to 
y e Interest & welfare of s d parish relating to their line of Division &c. 
Dated in Kittery Aprill, y c 5 th Aunoque Domini 17 14. 

Jos : Hammond — Town Clerk. 

By Ord r of y e Selectm. 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 291 


Kittery April 28 1756. 

Then Rec d of Joseph Hammond Six Spanish Mill d Dollars and 
in Case I do not go in y e Intended Expedition against Crown Point 
or some other Person in my room by my Procurement I Promise to Pay 
s d Six Dollars to s d Hammond on or before y e 20 th Day of May Next — 
Witness my hand. John Brown, 


Memo: of Bullets Delivered. Kittery 

Jere : Goodwin 20. Eph r Libbey S r 23 and 3 flints. Tho s Ham- 
mond 40. W ra Kennard 20 and 3 flints. Rub n Hauscom 20. And r Hill 
40. Jo* Pilsbrey 10. Jo 3 Richerson 20. Lem 1 Remeck 20. Daniel Green 
20. Eph r Libbey 20. Jn° Hill 40. Sam 1 Shapleigh 20. W m Stacy 
20—6 flints. Aser Libbey 40 and 6 flints. Nath 1 Staple 20 & 3 flints". 
John Stacy 20 & 3 flints. Dan 1 Goodwin 20. W m Leighton Jr. 20 & 3 
flints. Sam 1 Libbey S r 6 flints. W m Leighton 20 and 3 flints. Jon a Ham- 
mond Jr. 20 & 3 flints. Timo : Kennard 20. Geo: Browne 20 & 5 flints. 
Nath 1 Kennard 20 & 3 flints. Edw d Kennard 3 flints, Jn° Foster 3 flints. 
Tho 9 Hammond 3 flints. Josh a Staples S r 3 flints. 


By Henry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, England. 
[Continued from page 240.] 

Ursula Trte of Fordham in the co. of Essex, spinster, relict of Thomas 
Trye of Breadstone in the parish of Burkley and couuty of Gloucester esq. 
deceased, 7 January 1656, proved 5 December 1664. To my beloved son 
William Trye five pounds and my wedding ring only as a token of my love. 
To my grandchild Thomas Trye five pounds. To my daughter Margaret 
Trye fifty pounds and my bed and boulster, with 9 pair of down pillows and 
a pair of blankets aud a green rug and all the rest of the furniture belong- 
ing to it that is at Overbury (and sheets, table cloths &c). To my daugh- 
ter Elenor Trye twenty pounds (and sundry damask table cloths, napkins 
&c) and my crimson satin mantle and all my needlework that is in 
my trunk at Overbury, and all my wrought covers for chairs and stools 
and two long cushions of cloth of gold and two long cushions of Needle- 
work wrought with coloured silks at New Parke &c. To my daughter 
Susanna Vickeridge five pounds (and sundry sheets, napkins &c). To my 
daughter Anne Bulkley five pounds and a pair of pillow beeres wrought in 
black silk and a cupboard cloth wrought with white work edged about with 
bone lace, and a flaxen board-cloath marked with my own name, a long 
towell and a half dozen flaxen napkins marked with "'Em and Tee." To 
my grand child Try Vickaridge twenty shillings and all my books at over- 
bury, and to his three brothers Slauter, John and William Vickaridge ten 
shillings apiece. To my grandchild Margaret Vickaredge my two best (?) 
gilt spoons and to her sister my silver spoon. To my grandchild Edward 
Bulkley twenty shillings and to his two brothers John and Thomas Bulk- 
ley ten shillings apiece. To my grandchild Margaret Bulkley my great 

292 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Oct. 

gilt spoon. To the poor twenty shillings. My daughter Elenor Trye to 
be executrix. 

Wit: John Bulkley, Ann Bulkley. Bruce, 140. 

Elianor Trye of St. Lawrence Lane, London, spinster, 24 November 
1691, proved 1 March 1G01. A messuage I bought of one Mary Dauice, (?) 
spinster, situated in Breadstone in the parish of Barkley in the county of 
Gloucester, for one hundred and five pounds, I do hereby give and devise to 
my nephew Thomas Trye. To my sister Susanna Vicaredge of St. Law- 
rence Lane, London, relict of John Vicaredge, gent, deceased and to my 
nephew John Vicaredge of St. Lawrence Lane, gentleman, all my mes- 
suages &c in Broadway, Worcester, and other property, in trust, to pay 
legacies &c. 

To my niece Elizabeth Fawkner two hundred pounds. To my nephew 
Edward Bulkley the elder two hundred pounds. To my nephew Thomas 
Bulkley, gone into New England, one hundred and fifty pounds. To my 
niece Susanna More one hundred pounds. To my niece Elizabeth Vicar- 
edge one hundred and fifty pounds. To my nephew Thomas Bulkley's son 
John, or what child he shall have living at my death, fifty pounds at the 
age of sixteen years. To my nephew John Vicaredge one hundred and 
twenty pounds. To my nephew Sheldon Vicaredge eighty pounds. To 
Frederick, son of said Sheldon, twenty pounds. To my nephew Thomas 
Vicaredge one hundred pounds. To my nephew Charles Vicaredge one 
hundred pounds and to his three children, Charles, John and Thomas, each 
twenty pounds. To the three children of my nephew Trye Vicaredge, 
deceased, Try, Susanna and Elizabeth Vicaredge, viz 1 to the son thirty 
pounds, and to the two daughters forty pounds each. To Everard Fawk- 
ner, son of my nephew Everard Fawkner, twenty pounds. To little John 
More, son of my nephew John More, twenty pounds. To the poor of 
Broadway, Worcester, six pounds. To Dr. Annesley my worthy pastor 
three pounds. To the Lady Frances Pickering twenty shillings to buy 
her a ring and to her Ladyship's son Gilbert Pickering Esq re twenty shil- 
lings to buy him a ring. To my cousin Anthony Trye of Passenham and 
his wife twenty shillings apiece. To my sister Auice Bulkley twenty 
shillings to buy her a ring. To my cousin Joseph Bulkley's son Edward 
twenty s 1 illings to buy him a ring. To my cousin Cassandra Lewis twenty 
shillings to buy her a ring. My brother John Buckley did repose a trust 
in me and my sister Wroughton deceased to dispose of diverse goods and 
jewels in a schedule annexed to a certain indenture mentioned to be made 
between my said brother Buckley, sister Wroughton and myself, bearing 
date 29 June 1665, which goods do belong to my sister Anne Buckley's 
children. I have delivered all those mentioned goods, plate aud jewels and 
money to Edward, Thomas, Elizabeth and Joseph Bulkley as will appear 
by receipts under every one of their hands. Reference also to other articles 
of agreement made between said brother Bulkley and Ann his wife, my- 
self and several others, bearing date 5 July 1658, and to others, dated 30 
June 1665, between said brother Bulkley and myself. To sister Susanna 
Vicaredge my diamond ring with five diamonds set round upon the ring, my 
gold locket with a death's head and E.A. upon the locket, my silver freezed 
cup with a cover and my coat of arms upon the cup (and certain wearing 
apparell aud other goods). To my nephew Thomas Trye my gold seale 
with two coats of arms upon it (and other things). To my niece Elizabeth 
Fawkner my large diamond Jewell set in a racket, being in all, small and 

1891.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 293 

great, fifty-nine diamonds in that Jewell (and other things of value). To 
my niece Susannah More my gold watch with a studden case and gold 
chain to it, my diamond bracelet, being ten diamonds set in gold, my diamond 
locket with M.S., seventeen diamonds in it (and other things of value). 
To my niece Elizabeth Vicaredge my best pearl necklace, being three strings 
of pearls, my diamond ring with thirteen diamonds in it. To my nephew 
Fawkner's son Everard a silver porringer with T.W. upon it, and a gold 
medal inamelled and a coat of arms upon it and two heads of white agates. 
To my nephew John Vicaredge my silver goblet cup embossed and my coat 
of arms upon it. (Other valuable objects given to various relatives.) My 
sister Susanna Vicaredge and my nephew John Vicaredge to be trustees 
and executrix and executor. All my china that is at Lawrence Lane, also 
my pictures, to my sister Vicaredge and. her two daughters Susanna More 
and Elizabeth Vicaredge. My red china tea pot I give to my niece Eliza- 
beth Fawkner. Reference to a bond with nephew Edward Bulkley. 

Fane, 46. 

John Bulkeley of the Precincts of St. Katherines (near the Tower, 
London) gen 1 11 October 1689, proved 28 January 1G89. My body to be 
buried half an hour before sunset if in the Winter, or when the days are 
shorter than the nights ; but if in the Summer, or when the days are longer 
than the nights it shall at the furthest by six a clock in the afternoon. To 
wife Avis thirty pounds over and above what was settled upon her before 
our intermarriage and the possession and use, during her natural life of all 
those rings, necklaces, Jewells &c which she had before our intermarriage 
or hath been by me since given unto her, willing with all and desiring that 
her best diamond ring be immediately after her decease given (taken by) or 
delivered to my loving daughter Elizabeth the now wife of Everard 
Falkener, grocer. 

Bequests to sister Mrs. Elenor Trye, to brother and sister Vicaridge and 
to their children, to the eldest son of my late nephew Trye Vicaridge, to 
three brethren in New England, viz 1 Edward, Gersham and Peter, to sons 
of deceased brother Thomas, to nephew Edward Bulkeley here in England 
and to nephew Thomas Trye son of late brother in law Mr. William Trye. 

The land at Ringshall, Suffolk, settled upon me and my heirs after my 
wife's decease shall be sold and of the proceeds two hundred pounds paid to 
son Falkener, in full of his wife's portion, and the remainder divided be- 
tween my two sons Edward and Thomas Bulkeley. My son Edward, my 
wife Avis and my daughter Elizabeth Falkener to be joint executors. 

Dyke, 2. 

[Mr. John Bulkly of Fordham in the co. of Essex and M'ris Anne Try of 
Odell, married, March 19, 16-30. (Parish Registers of Odell in Genealogia Bed- 
fordiensis, by F. A. Blaydes.)— h. f. w. 

Rev. John Bulkeley, M.A., born 1610-20, PI. C. 1642, was the sou of Rev. 
Peter Bulkeley, of Odell (Woodhill), Bedfordshire, and of Concord, Mass., by 
his first wife, Jane Allen, of Goldington. He returned to England soon after 
his graduation, and was settled as a minister in Fordham, Essex, where the 
baptisms of a son and daughter are recorded by his own hand. Having been 
ejected from his living in 1662, he removed to "Wappiug in the suburbs of Lon- 
don," and there practised as a physician till his death," probably in January, 
1680-00. (Sibley's Harv. Grad. I. 52; Bulkley Familv, p. 61.) He married, 
first, March 19, 1650[-1], Anne Trye, who probably died before June, 1665; 

secondly, Avis or Auice . His children by Anne Trye were : Edward, John, 

Thomas, Margaret (bom before 1656) and Elizabeth. John, who with Margaret 

294 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Oct. 

died before 16S9, was probably the father of the Joseph Bnlkeley mentioned by 
Elinor Trye among her sister Anne's children; thought as John evidently died 
before his father, it is curious that Joseph is not meutioned in John Bulkeley's 
Will. But, unless both John and Joseph married much younger than men 
usually did even in those days, this Joseph could scarcely have been the " cousin 
Joseph Bulkley " whose ' son Edward " is mentioned in Elianor Try e's will. It 
is, however, difficult to see who else it could be. Thomas, who was in New 
England in 16'J1, had John (less than sixteen in 1691, died before 1720), and 
Thomas, who was in the East Indies about 1720. Elizabeth married Everard 
Fawkner (died 1707), and died 1720. She was probably a second wife, with a 
stepson Everard who died before his father. (See Kegister, 1SS8, p. 272; or 
Gleanings, I. 281, for Elizabeth Fawkner's will.) 

The " nephew Edward Bnlkeley here in England," of John Bulkeley's will, 
and the " cousin Edward Bulkeley" with wife Sarah and daughter Elizabeth 
(less than twenty-one in 1720) of Elizabeth Fawkner's will, may have been the 
son of Hon. Peter 3 Bulkeley (Rev. Edward, 2 Rev. Peter 1 ) perhaps, brought by 
his father to England in 1670, and left in his uncle John Bulkeley's care. (Glean- 
ings I., 285-6; Register. 1888, p. 275-6.) As he was the eldest son of the 
eldest son, it seems not at all improbable that his English relatives should have 
agreed to provide for him. The expression "my nephew Edward Bulkley the 
elder " in Elianor Trye's will might seem to imply that John's son Edward had 
himself a son Edward, who might then be supposed to be the " cousin" men- 
tioned by Elizabeth Fawkner. (See Gleanings, p. 277, note by Mr. Waters.) But 
it is very unlikely that of ail her nephews and nieces she would call only one by 
the name of "cousin"; and the expression, "the elder," was probably used 
simply to distinguish John Bulkley's son, born about 1651, from his cousin and 
adopted brother of the same name, born 1668-9. 

The children of Thomas (died before 1656) and Ursula (died 1664) Trye, 
seem to have been : Wiixiam T. (died between 1656 and 1689) who had son 

Thomas; Margaret T. in. Wroughton (?), and died between 1665 and 

1691; Eliaxor T. died unmarried, 1691-2; Susastna T. married before 1656 
John Yicaridge (who died between Oct. 11, 1689, and Nov. 2-1, 1691), and had 
eldest Trye V., born about 1648, died between 1656 and 1689 (had Trye, Susanna 
and Elizabeth, all living in 1691) ; Slauter V. died between 1656 and 1691 ; John 
V. ; William V. (had Frederick) ; Thomas V. ; Charles V. (had Charles, John 
and Thomas) ; Margaret V. ; Susanna V. married John More (who had John, 
perhaps by a former marriage) and Elizabeth V., unmarried in 1691. Of 
these, Trye, Slauter, John, William, Margaret, and probably Susanna, were born 
before 1656 ; and Trye, Slauter, William and Margaret apparently died before 

The use of the word "spinster" in Ursula Trye's will is very curious. 
("Bachelor" is sometimes used of a widower.) The Mrs. Hester Vicaridge 
mentions with her son the " chyrurgeon," in Elizabeth Fawkner's will, was 
perhaps the widow of the younger Trye Vicaridge. 

St. Laurence Lane runs north from Cheapside to Cateaton St. ; the Church of 
St. Laurence Jewry is opposite its northern end. The Precincts of St. Kather- 
ines have been swallowed up by St. Katherine's Docks. — Emma F. Ware, of 
Milton, Mass. 

In reference to the use of the term spinster, see Register, vol. 13, page 284. — 

Mart Needham of Hampsted in the co. of Middlesex, widow, 12 April 
1660, proved 20 March 1661. To the poor of the parish of Hampsted 
forty shillings. To my son John Needham and his heirs my brick mes- 
suage or tenement now in the occupation of the said Mary, in Hampsted, 
and also two other cottages with the appurtenances in Hampsted in the 
tenure &c. of John Bosier and Richard Webb, and two little closes to the 
said messuages belonging now in the tenure of John Spicer and all my 
other messuage &c. in Hampsted. To my son Benjamin all that messuage 
&c. wherein the said Benjamin now dwelleth, situate and being in Ave 
Mary Lane in London, together with all the goods, implements and neces- 
saries expressed in a scedule annexed to his lease by me formerly made 

1891.1 Genealogical Gleanings in England. 295 

unto him, subject and chargeable nevertheless with the payment of two 
hundred pounds of lawful money of England to my son Edmund Needham, 
now resident in New England, by ten pounds thereof yearly, and if the said 
Edmund happen to die before all the said two hundred pounds shall be 
fully run out &c. then the residue thereof unpaid at the time of his decease 
to be paid and satisfied unto his son Daniel Needham &c. To son Benja- 
min the lease of the messuage in Ave Mary Lane called by the name or 
sign of the White Horse which I hold from the Company of Stationers of 
London, on condition that he pay to my daughter Barnes, wile of Thomas 
liarnes Esq. twenty pounds, to my daughter Katherine Needham fifty 
pounds, to my daughter Anne Coles wife of Mr. Coles fifty pounds, to 
Elizabeth Brent, my grandchild daughter of my late daughter Mary Brent, 
threescore pounds, to my grandchild Richard Breut twenty pounds, and to 
my son John thirty pounds. 

To my sons Thomas Barnes, John Needham and Benjamin Needham 
eight pounds apiece for mourning for them and their wives, and to my 
daughters Katherine Needham and Anne Cole and her husband and my son 
in law John Brent and Elizabeth his daughter four pounds apiece for 
mourning. The residue to John and Benjamin equally and they to be 
executors. Commissary C°. of London (1660-4) fo. 128. 

[Edmoud Needham settled in Lynn, Mass., where he died in June, 1677. His 
wife, Mrs. Jone Needham, is said to have died 24 October, 107-4, aged about 
64 or 65 years. Mr. Needhain's will, made 26. 4. 1677, w-as proved 29, 4. 
1677. He refers to his wife as not living, and mentions son Ezekiel and his two 
children, son Daniel and his five children (John, Ezekiel, Judah, Mary and 
Elizabeth) . daughter Hannab Diven and her two children (Hannah Armitage and 
John Diven) both minors, son-in-law Samuel Hart's children (Samuel, Joseph, 
Abigail and Rebecca Hart), and son-in-law Joseph Mansfield's children (Joseph, 
John, Elizabeth Wheate and Deborah Mansfield). He refers to Jobu Mansfield 
as a boy " which I have brought up ever since his childhood, till now he is about 
15 years old." He also mentions Samuel Hart's daughter-in-law, born of his 
wife's first husband, Elizabeth How, but now by marriage Elizabeth Chadwell. 

Then follows an Inventory, at t4 mine owne valuation," in which is entered 
" my clock yt strikes and another watch and larum that does not strike — 5£." 
" Debts in old England in sufficient bonds and most abell mens hands, as the 
Company of Merchant Adventurers and another looked at as a great rich cittizen 
fit for an Aluermau of London, though they do what they can to deeeaue us, 
that is to say my Brothers and sisters, to whome they owe us aboue 3000 li — 
600.00.00. But for this debt in old England, y r is somthing uncertaine what 
my two Atturneys in England, being my two brothers, may gett fur mee and 
themselves, with somthing that may be comeing both to themselues and me, I 
desire to leaue it to my children in the best order as I can amongst them." (Prob. 
Reg., Essex Co., Mass.) — h. f.w.] 

Peter Randolph [ante, pp. 230-1). 

[Peter 3 Randolph, son of William 2 and Elizabeth (Beverley) Randolph, and 
grandson of William 1 Randolph of " Turkey Island " and his wife Mary, daugh- 
ter of Henry and Catherine Inham of Bermuda Hundred, married Lucy Bever- 
ley. They had issue :— i. William, 4 married Mary, daughter of Sir William 
Skipwith: ii. Beverley 4 of "Green Creek," governor of Virginia, married 
Martha Cocke: iii. Robert 4 of Fauquier, married Elizabeth Carter of Shirley; 
iv. Anne, 4 married William Eitzhugh. The executor, John Wayles, was the 
father-in-law of Thomas Jetl'erson, and the witness, Carter Braxton, was the 
signer of the Declaration of Independence. — R. A. Brock, Richmond, Va.] 

Silvester {ante, vol. 37, pp. 384-7) : — 

[Mr. N. Darnell Davis, of Georgetown, Demerara, contributed to The Argosy 
of that city, March 21, 1891, a letter whic